Asmahan (أسمهان), née le 25 novembre 1917 au liban et décédée le 14 juillet 1944 en Égypte, est une chanteuse, et actrice. [...]
Asmahan se rend célèbre grâce à ses participations à de nombreuses comédies musicales cinématographiques tels qu’Intisar El-Shabab et Gharam Wa Intiqam (dont est tiré le tube Layali El Ounsi Fi Vienna).
Mais ce qui fait la particularité d’Asmahan, c’est son chant mélancolique et inspiré par la musique européenne comme sur le troublant Ya Touyour (composé par Mohamad El Qasabji) ou encore l’émouvant Layta Lil Barraq, ce qui fascinera le public arabe, pourtant peu sensible à la musique occidentale, surtout à l’époque. Elle meurt noyée avec une amie dans un accident de voiture en 1944. Malgré sa courte carrière, Asmahan aura marqué la chanson arabe par sa sa poésie et sa passion pour la mélancolie théâtrale.
Raphaël, ça m’étonne de ta part que tu ne saches pas que beaucoup de rumeurs entourent la vie d’Asmahane et que son accident de voiture est généralement considéré comme un assassinat :-))
Asmahan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1941, during World War II, Asmahan returned to the French Mandate of Syria (Syria, under the rule of Vichy France at that time) at the request of the British and the Free French. She was on a secret mission to notify her people in Jabal al-Druze that the British and Free French forces would be invading Syria through their territory, and to convince them they should not fight. (Zuhur) The British and Free French had promised the independence of Syria and Lebanon to all inhabitants on the date of the invasion. The Druze agreed, even though some groups did not receive word in time and fought the invading forces. After the Allies secured Syria during the Syria-Lebanon Campaign, General Charles de Gaulle visited Syria. When the Allies failed to carry out their promise for Syrian independence, Asmahan tried to contact the Nazis in Turkey, but was stopped at the border and sent to Lebanon. It was also possible that Asmhan needed money because her husband had cut off her expenses, so she may have tried to reach the Germans simply to obtain funds. (Zuhur)
Asmahan told Mohamed al-Tabaʿi that she was to receive the sum of £40,000 from the British for her services to the allies. General Charles de Gaulle’s representative in Cairo was General Georges Catroux. Catroux’s délégué in Damascus, Colonel Collet, stated that the British gave money to Asmahan (and to other Druze men, in his presence) and sent her to the Jabal to secure the support of the Druze before the Allies’ invasion. The same information is stated by Edward Spears in his memoirs. (Zuhur)
On 14 July 1944, a car carrying Asmahan and a female friend crashed and went into a canal at the side of the road, after the driver lost control near the city of Mansoura, Egypt. The car was a two-door model and the women were sitting in the backseat. They were presumed to be rendered unconscious and subsequently drowned. The driver, however, managed to escape.
These circumstances gave rise to many suspicions, rumors and conspiracy theories. British intelligence, for example, after many reports circulated claiming she had been working for them, was accused of having got rid of her after she had attempted to meet with German agents. The German Gestapo was also accused of murdering her for the help she had given the British. Her husband at the time had fought violently with her, and her family’s honor had been besmirched by the many rumors.