Du gaz iranien pour la Jordanie ? Pouah ! Ce serait bien mieux avec du gaz israélien ! Géopolitique du gaz au Moyen-Orient.
Jordan’s energy crisis | Jordan Times
While Iran has offered to supply Jordan with gas to make up for lost Egyptian imports, this option would increase the Iranian influence in the region and pose strategic risks to Jordan. Creating a Jordanian dependence on Iran for gas would increase Tehran’s ability to pressure Amman on issues related to regional security. This would erode Jordanian sovereignty and introduce a new strategic vulnerability into the region.
Developing strategic dependence on Iran would also complicate the US-Jordan relations and might invoke calls in the US to reexamine the economic aid and military assistance to Jordan.
Jordan’s energy sector strategy has concentrated mainly on the diversification of the sources that supply energy. The recent discovery of natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean would enable Israel, in an atmosphere of peace in the region, with the opportunity to export gas to Jordan and boost bilateral economic relations. Such exports would ignite large-scale economic projects which are highly feasible, like fertilisers, methanol and electricity generation plants. These projects would add force to the Jordanian economy and help solve many chronic structural economic problems in Jordan, enhancing and deepening stable regional relationships.
Moreover, building a large electricity generation plant with long-term purchase power agreements with both the Israelis and the Palestinians would make the Kingdom a net electricity exporter.
The construction of an Israel-Jordan pipeline would be far less expensive, and faster, than one to Europe, for example, which could be an option for Israel. This, in turn, will enable negotiating the price Jordan pays for gas.