Etats-Unis Indépendance énergétique : une longue analyse du NYT
Inching Toward Energy Independence
U.S. Inches Toward Goal of Energy Independence
Jim Wilson/The New York Times
By CLIFFORD KRAUSS and ERIC LIPTON
Published: March 22, 2012
The desolate stretch of West Texas desert known as the Permian Basin is still the lonely domain of scurrying roadrunners by day and howling coyotes by night. But the roar of scores of new oil rigs and the distinctive acrid fumes of drilling equipment are unmistakable signs that crude is gushing again.
And not just here. Across the country, the oil and gas industry is vastly increasing production, reversing two decades of decline. Using new technology and spurred by rising oil prices since the mid-2000s, the industry is extracting millions of barrels more a week, from the deepest waters of the Gulf of Mexico to the prairies of North Dakota.