• A la rencontre de Forrester, Ecrire pour exister : le trope du « Professeur Sauveur Blanc »
    http://www.lecinemaestpolitique.fr/a-la-rencontre-de-forrester-ecrire-pour-exister-le-trope-du-pro

    Dans la sphère critique cinématographique anglo-saxonne, le trope du Sauveur Blanc est bien connu : les productions d’Hollywood qui illustrent ce trope consistant à raconter l’histoire d’un-e héroïn-e blanc-he venant au secours d’un groupe minoréi (les Noirs, les Latinos, les Indiens d’Amérique, les Japonais…) pour le sauver de la pauvreté/esclavage/extermination, sont légionsii. Certains de ces […]

    #Cinéma


  • Ronen Bergman Confirms IDF Soldier Deliberately Killed by His Own
    http://www.richardsilverstein.com/2014/07/27/ronen-bergman-confirms-idf-soldier-deliberately-killed-by-his-ow

    Ronen Bergman was interviewed on Tel Aviv radio yesterday and confirmed my report that Sgt. Guy Levy was killed by the IDF in order to prevent his capture by Hamas fighters during a battle in Gaza. The report reads:

    …Levy was killed in Gaza in the course of a kidnap [sic] attempt. IDF soldiers succeeded in preventing the kidnapping and killed one terrorist [sic] but Levy too was killed in the midst of the attempt to prevent it.

    While I’m grateful to Bergman for affirming the accuracy of my prior report. I’m disturbed by the interview (audio) between Bergman and radio show host, Guy Zohar. At no point, do either of them doubt or question the moral basis for the Hannibal Directive. There seems a Spartan sense of sacrifice among Israelis that part of the cost of serving in the army is that your own brothers may be forced to kill you for the greater good of the nation.

    There is something deeply troubling, even demented about such a regulation. I could perhaps understand it in ancient Sparta; or even among the diehard Japanese kamikaze fighters during World War II. But in a country that prides itself as being the equal of any western democratic nation? No.

    Another bizarre aspect of this report is that the text that appeared on the radio station website above was censored (removed), presumably by the IDF censor. But the audio of the interview itself remains, uncensored. The “logic” of censorship. Go figure.

    • Hannibal Directive
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannibal_Directive

      The background to the formulation of the directive was the capture of two Israeli soldiers during a Hizbullah ambush in south Lebanon in June 1986. Both soldiers presumably died during the attack and their bodies were returned to Israel in an exchange with Hizbullah in 1996. The authors of the order were the three top officers of the IDF Northern Command, Major General Yossi Peled, the command’s operations officer, Colonel Gabi Ashkenazi, and its intelligence officer, Colonel Yaakov Amidror.[3]

      In a rare interview by one of the authors of the directive, Yossi Peled (later a cabinet minister) denied that it implied a blanket order to kill Israeli soldiers rather than let them be captured by enemy forces. The order only allowed the army to risk the life of a captured soldier, not to take it. "I wouldn’t drop a one-ton bomb on the vehicle, but I would hit it with a tank shell”, Peled was quoted saying. He added that he personally “would rather be shot than fall into Hizbullah captivity.”[3]


  • Oui, il faut parler de Gaza et de l’occupation

    Un courageux éditorial de Baudouin Loos, Le Soir, Bruxelles, 28 juillet
    |
    http://www.lesoir.be/609634/article/debats/editos/2014-07-28/oui-il-faut-parler-gaza-et-l-occupation

    Comment parler de Gaza ? Le conflit israélo-palestinien charrie des émotions à nulles autres pareilles, même en Europe. Emotions qui prennent souvent le dessus sur la raison. Les réseaux sociaux deviennent un défouloir navrant, au nom de la solidarité. Dans les deux camps. La « cause » de la Palestine. La « cause » d’Israël…

    En Israël, justement, la paranoïa collective bat son plein. Des foules crient « Mort aux Arabes ! ». Mais aussi « Mort aux gauchistes ! ». C’est-à-dire que ceux qui s’opposent à la méthode forte employée par l’armée israélienne à Gaza sont souvent désormais considérés comme des traîtres. L’atmosphère devient irrespirable pour ces Israéliens minoritaires qui osent montrer ne fût-ce qu’un peu d’empathie pour « l’ennemi ».

    Ces Israéliens-là, pourtant, disent souvent des choses qui font sens. Comme l’écrivain Etgar Keret qui, observant avec consternation la montée de l’intolérance dans la société israélienne, se posait une question dans un article publié par le quotidien Yediot Aharonot  : « Même si les militants du Hamas étaient éliminés un à un, y a-t-il quelqu’un pour vraiment penser que l’aspiration du peuple palestinien à l’indépendance nationale disparaîtrait avec eux ? »

    Alors, oui, Gaza symbolise la Palestine. Le malheur infini de la Palestine. A cause du Hamas ? A cause d’un mouvement islamiste radical et cynique ? Il est tentant d’adhérer à cette thèse parce qu’elle comporte une part de vérité et qu’elle rassure. Mais elle comporte aussi une très importante part de leurre en occultant quelques données factuelles simples et édifiantes.

    Il y a toujours, en Palestine, un occupant et un occupé. Bien que reconnu comme Etat par plus de cent pays, la Palestine ne jouit pas d’une once de souveraineté. Elle n’existe toujours pas. Quant à la bande de Gaza, elle a bien été évacuée en 2005 par les colons et les soldats israéliens, mais le petit territoire est devenu la plus grande prison du monde, avec la complicité de l’Egypte, renforcée depuis 2013 par le régime putschiste du maréchal Sissi. Un million huit cent mille prisonniers piégés sur 360 km².

    Les images de samedi ont indigné presque tout le monde. C’était quand les habitants de certains quartiers de Gaza ont profité d’une trêve pour retourner chez eux. Mais il n’y avait plus que des ruines. Ceux qui ont pu rester indifférents à ces destructions, à la vue de cadavres d’enfants retrouvés dans les gravats, se rassurent en soutenant que c’est la faute du Hamas. Pourtant, selon Amira Hass, la seule journaliste israélienne qui réside dans les territoires occupés, « le dégoût croissant exprimé [par les Palestiniens de Gaza] vise Israël, pas le Hamas ».

    Il faudra encore parler de Gaza et de l’occupation.


  • De l’insurrection du ghetto de Varsovie (1943) à Gaza

    Philosophie juive contre philosophie israélienne

    L’homme n’a pas froid aux yeux. En 1943, il a dirigé l’insurrection du ghetto de Varsovie, et il ne mâche pas ses mots face à la journaliste israélienne qui lui demande"benoîtement" s’il n’est pas « logique » que les Juifs fassent « tout pour survivre » :

    Ça, c’est votre philosophie d’Israélienne, assène Marek Edelman, celle qui consiste à penser qu’on peut tuer vingt Arabes pourvu qu’un Juif reste en vie. Chez moi, il n’y a de place ni pour un peuple élu ni pour une Terre promise. Israël, affirme-t-il ailleurs, s’est coupé de Yitzkhok Ley- bush Peretz [écrivain et poète de langue yiddish, 1852- 1915], de Chagall, du yiddish. Israël s’est créé sur la des- truction de cette immense culture juive multiséculaire qui s’était épanouie entre la Vistule et le Don. La culture israé- lienne, ce n’est pas la culture juive. Quand on a voulu vivre au milieu de millions d’Arabes, on doit se mêler à eux et laisser l’assimilation, le métissage, faire son œuvre. [...] D’ailleurs, seule une minorité de juifs a émigré en Israëlþ : l’écrasante majorité des juifs s’est exilée au Canada et aux États-Unis

    Extrait de De quoi la Palestine est-elle le nom ? http://boutique.monde-diplomatique.fr/boutique/livres/de-quoi-la-palestine-est-elle-le-nom.html


  • Marwan Barghouti s’adresse à son peuple et au monde - Le blog de José Fort
    http://josefort.over-blog.com/2014/07/marwan-barghouti-s-adresse-a-son-peuple-et-au-monde.html

    « Permettez-moi tout d’abord de saluer notre peuple, les martyrs tués au cours de la barbare agression israélienne contre la bande de Gaza, notamment les enfants, les femmes et les personnes âgées, de saluer le soulèvement populaire à Jérusalem, en Cisjordanie et à l’intérieur d’Israël ainsi que les mouvements de résistance. De ma cellule étroite, parmi les milliers de Palestiniens emprisonnés, je souligne ce qui suit :

    « Je condamne l’agression barbare contre notre peuple en soulignant que c’est une agression contre toute la Palestine et la totalité de notre nation, contre tous les Arabes, les musulmans, tous les gens épris de liberté à travers le monde,

    « J’appelle les dirigeants palestiniens, à commencer par le Comité exécutif de l’OLP, le Comité central du Fatah, le président Mahmoud Abbas, son gouvernement, la direction de la bande de Gaza, de prendre part, aux côtés de notre peuple, dans la bataille constante de résistance, de la levée du siège et de la reconstruction,

    « J’appelle notre peuple à lancer un mouvement populaire massif et à prendre part aux manifestations contre l’agression et l’occupation,

    « La nécessité de lever le blocus inhumain contre notre peuple dans la bande de Gaza, d’assurer l’ouverture de tous les passages, aussi bien qu’à veiller à l’ouverture du passage de Rafah immédiatement et de façon permanente,

    « J’appelle les services de sécurité palestiniens et les forces nationales à défendre leurs obligations en protégeant nos citoyens dans tout le pays,

    « Il est important de saisir à nouveau l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour obtenir la totalité de l’adhésion de l’Etat de Palestine, et d’accéder à toutes les conventions et institutions assurant la protection des droits de notre peuple, à commencer par la Cour pénale internationale,

    « Le chemin de la liberté et de la dignité est pavé de sacrifices. Les nations ne doivent pas baisser les bras, elles ne peuvent pas être vaincues et doivent refuser de coexister avec l’oppression et l’occupation. Notre peuple a des ressources inépuisables pour poursuivre la lutte. Nous avons l’obligation de transformer son sacrifice en victoires politiques les portant au plus près de la liberté et de l’indépendance. Notre peuple doit unifier ses efforts pour en finir avec l’occupation et incarner l’unité nationale qui constitue la loi de la victoire pour les peuples opprimés.

    Enfin, je dis à notre peuple palestinien, partout où qu’il soit : notre rencontre prochaine viendra bientôt, tout comme ces barreaux de prison, comme le siège, l’oppression et l’occupation, seront vaincus.

    Marwan Barghouti

    Prison d’Hadarim, cellule 28


  • West Bank protests show that Abbas’ diplomacy has collapsed -

    By Amira Hass | Jul. 26, 2014 | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.607327

    Since Thursday evening, tens of thousands of West Bank Palestinians have taken part in demonstrations aimed at expressing rage, mourning and muqawama (resistance) — also the word used for the armed resistance to Israel in the Gaza Strip. Nine protesters have been killed and hundreds more wounded, hit by plastic-tipped or live bullets fired by Israeli troops.

    In the hospitals where casualties from the demonstrations have been treated, people say the scenes remind them of the first intifada. The mood is similar, too: grief and shock over the images from Gaza, next to a spiritual uplift and a sense that the barrier of indifference has been broken.

    Notably missing have been the field activists who could unite the Palestinian factions and direct the protests toward an action plan, the way activists from the PLO’s member groups did in the first intifada, leveraging demonstrations into a popular uprising. At a time when everyone is marveling about Hamas’ military planning in Gaza, the lack of political-civil planning among the various leadership groups is striking.

    Demonstrations and clashes with the Israel Defense Forces have taken place simultaneously over the past three days in Hebron, Beit Omar, the Aruv refugee camp, Beit Fajr, Al Walaja, Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Ramallah, Bil’in, Nebi Salah, Salfit, Qalqilyah, Tul Karm, Beit Furiq, Hawara, Nablus and Jenin. Only last week the Palestinian police used force in an attempt to keep protesters in a few cities from reaching army roadblocks in order to confront the soldiers.

    The anger with the police and the worry that protesters would demonstrate near the home of Mahmoud Abbas or other symbols of the Palestinian Authority made it clear to the president’s advisers that the balance of forces had shifted against him. Now it’s the PLO leaders who are calling for demonstrations against “the terror of the occupation.” The leaders did not take the lead, they were led.

    The West Bank protests say clearly that Abbas’ diplomatic concept has collapsed. His Fatah movement is headed for bankruptcy if it continues to be associated with the Palestinian security forces, which are seen as agents of Israel.

    The PLO and Fatah leaders are often big on making declarations about the need for national unity; that is, for determining strategy with the Islamic organizations not in the PLO. They do this to avoid a situation in which an armed group could impose its will on the entire Palestinian people without a mandate to do so, to allow for real debate on the failures of the diplomatic route over the past 20 years, and to officially end Abbas’ one-man rule.

    But this sort of unity now seems distant and all but unattainable. Hamas’ political voice is being silenced by its military voice, and the organization’s political goals and demands are unclear.

    Given this vacuum, the West Bank protests could go in either of two directions: a return to futility due to a lack of trust in the results and confusion about the aims, or the co-opting of the demonstrations by armed groups in an effort to “imitate” Gaza.

    In firing live bullets at the protesters immediately, and in the absence of a danger to soldiers’ lives, the IDF seems to be counting on suppressing the protests by force, until the next round.


  • Jeremy Bowen’s Gaza notebook: I saw no evidence of Hamas using Palestinians as human shields
    http://www.newstatesman.com/world-affairs/2014/07/jeremy-bowens-gaza-notebook-i-saw-no-evidence-hamas-using-palestinians

    I was back in London for my son’s 11th birthday party by the time all those people were killed in Shejaiya. But my impression of Hamas is different from Netanyahu’s. I saw no evidence during my week in Gaza of Israel’s accusation that Hamas uses Palestinians as human shields. I saw men from Hamas on street corners, keeping an eye on what was happening. They were local people and everyone knew them, even the young boys. Raji Sourani, the director of the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights in Gaza, told me that Hamas, whatever you think of it, is part of the Palestinian DNA.

    […]

    But it is wrong to suggest that Israeli civilians near Gaza suffer as much as Palestinians. It is much, much worse in Gaza. I defy anyone with an ounce of human feeling not to feel the same after ten minutes in Gaza’s Shifa Hospital with wounded and dying civilians. In the mortuary, it’s so overcrowded that the bodies of two children are crammed on to a single shelf. One day, they had only found enough of the remains of six women and children to fill a single stretcher.

    Before Gaza, I’d spent most of the past two months in Baghdad, Beirut, Jerusalem, Aleppo and Damascus. The Middle East is on fire. I haven’t seen anything like it since my first reporting trip to the region in 1990. I don’t think anyone knows how to put the fire out.



  • Gazans blame Israel, not Hamas
    Amira Hass
    July 25
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.607201

    A commander in one of the infantry brigades said that residents of northern Gaza had stated during interrogation that Hamas had paid them not to leave their homes (Gili Cohen, “Haaretz”, 22.07). No reason to think he made this up. It’s possible that some residents – it’s not clear if and where they are still under detention or whether they were released after questioning only to flee to another unsafe location – told him what he later reported. Their words provide another perspective to repeated claims made by the shapers of conceptions and policies in Israel’s security establishment: It is usually stated that Hamas, through threats and scare tactics, forced hundreds of thousands of residents in endangered areas not to evacuate their homes. Now it turns out that the stick was accompanied by a carrot – money offered by Hamas. (The officer did not reveal how much and to how many people).

    I personally know several extended families that refused to evacuate Beit Hanoun and Beit Lahiya when ordered to do so by the IDF. If there were any threats made, they did not reach these families, and if any money passed hands, it didn’t come to them. Did it occur to the commander that people told the interrogators what they wanted to hear so as not to be viewed as Hamas supporters, so that things would go easier for them in their interrogation? Detention, especially after days of being terrorized under incessant Israeli bombardment, is not a natural setting for a friendly chat, particularly when the detainer is also the one who carried out the bombardment.

    Even if they were telling the truth, the families I know did not evacuate since it is hard to leave a home one has built with savings collected over many years. They didn’t leave since the IDF is the enemy, and it’s not easy to obey an enemy who has already displaced you, your parents or your grandparents on previous occasions. People could not begin to imagine the destruction that Israel was willing and intending to wreak, despite their earlier experiences. They didn’t leave immediatly since no place in the Gaza Strip is safe today.

    Israeli claims the Palestinians who did not leave their homes before they were bombed are to be blamed, and that it is exempted of responsibility to their death, sound logical to most Israelis. However, an academic scholar close to Hamas told Haaretz that the problem with those shaping concepts and policies in Israel’s security establishment, and with analysts using their briefings for their analysis, is that they view moves by Hamas and Palestinian public conduct according to their own logic, not the logic of those they are analyzing. This is their original mistake, he says.

    The logic of Israel’s security establishment was and is that very soon people will become fed up with Hamas, which has only brought about the destruction of entire neighborhoods and the deaths of hundreds. Security officials who constantly bombard the media with their analysis are part of a system that is designed to control and discipline the Palestinians in their status as occupied people. Thus, they find it hard to see that Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank (and not just there) view the destruction and death as something Israel has done by choice, as an occupier. According to them this was not Hamas’s choice. Thus, the growing disgust is with Israel, not Hamas.

    The Ramallah municipality has erected a house of mourning and placed near it some 200 coffins. Each one is draped with the Palestinian flag, carrying the name and age of a Palestinian killed in Gaza. On Wednesday, several hundred people carried these coffins to the UN compound in Ramallah. They silenced the UN representative who tried to say a few words and condemned the speech made by UN Secretary General Ban ki-Moon and the position taken by the European Union, which views Hamas as the aggressor and Israel as the one under attack. The disgust expressed there was aimed at Israel, not Hamas.

    The logic of policy shapers always analyzes Hamas’s situation in a regional context: It is weak following the ouster of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the closing of the Rafah tunnels; it is weak due to the souring of relations with Hezbollah and Iran, etc. The regional weakness is true. Egypt’s hostility to the Islamic movement is immense. However, Hamas, although part of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, wants to prove that it is a national Palestinian movement which is leading the way to liberation, as well as wishing to shape Palestinian society according to its religious ideals. Hamas has lost Egypt, but over the last two weeks it has ceased to be the illegitimate cousin of the official Palestinian national movement (the PLO).

    Also on Wednesday, there was a meeting in al-Bireh of veteran Fatah activists who are not close to the circles of President Mahmoud Abbas. The speakers criticized themselves, the Fatah movement and its leader, for their belated realization of the obvious, that the bombed and dead residents of Gaza are part and parcel of the Palestinian people, and that striking them is a blow to all Palestinians. They expressed respect for Hamas’ fighting capabilities but criticized themselves for not taking more seriously a resolution passed by the sixth convention of their movement, which called for strengthening the non-armed popular struggle.

    Participants criticized themselves since over the last two weeks they went missing, not taking part in demonstrations across the West Bank. (In clashes with the army, two demonstrators were killed last week, before Thursday’s huge demonstrations whose toll was another young man killed and around two hundreds injured by Israeli fire, one of the in critical condition.) It was noted that due to popular pressure, Abbas changed his tone in his recent speech. They spoke with their own logic, not that of the Israeli establishment. “We were wrong to consider Hamas our primary enemy for so many years. We do have disagreements with Hamas, but our enemy is the occupation.”


  • Quand nos impôts financent (indirectement) les colons d’Israël - Le nouvel Observateur
    Laurent Bonnefoy
    http://rue89.nouvelobs.com/2013/07/17/quand-impots-financent-indirectement-les-colons-disrael-244289

    En France, la loi permet de réduire son impôt sur le revenu grâce à des dons à « certains organismes ayant un caractère d’intérêt général ». Un don de 150 euros revient par exemple à seulement 37,5 euros au donateur, une fois l’abattement sur son impôt effectué.

    Cette disposition représente un manque à gagner brut certain pour l’Etat mais est évidemment juste et utile. Elle permet en effet à nombre d’associations, fondations et aux partis politiques de vivre et d’agir sur le terrain, en particulier dans le domaine humanitaire. Elle est garante d’une société civile vivante et dynamique et est donc, en elle-même, d’utilité publique. Rien ne justifierait une quelconque remise en cause... même par temps de disette budgétaire.

    MAKING OF
    Laurent Bonnefoy est chercheur au CNRS en sciences politiques. De retour d’un séjour de deux années en Palestine, il est « inondé de messages d’associations communautaires de soutien à Israël » depuis qu’il s’est inscrit (comme simple électeur) sur les listes électorales lors de la campagne législative pour les députés de l’étranger en 2012. Il a découvert à cette occasion que certaines associations de colons israéliens étaient en partie financées grâce aux deniers publics français. M.D.

    Mais que vient faire l’association franco-israélienne Hasdei Avot dans la liste des bénéficiaires potentiels de cette disposition ? Depuis quand nos impôts (même de façon indirecte) doivent-ils servir à appuyer et financer la colonisation israélienne en Cisjordanie, que la diplomatie française ne cesse pourtant officiellement de condamner ?

    L’association Hasdei Avot, organisme de bienfaisance de la colonie de Kiryat Arba, en périphérie d’Hébron, sollicite en ce moment nos dons par courriel pour financer les vacances des enfants des colons.

    Collée à la vieille ville d’Hébron, dont la population palestinienne est soumise à un ordre militaire israélien vexatoire et particulièrement choquant, Kiryat Arba est généralement considérée comme la colonie israélienne la plus radicale de Cisjordanie. Au centre de Kiryat Arba, le décor est planté ; y trône la statue de Baruch Goldstein, qui en 1994 dans la mosquée d’Abraham à Hébron a massacré 29 Palestiniens et blessé 125 autres à l’arme automatique. Visiter Hébron et ses environs, c’est s’approcher au plus près du caractère inique et sinistre de la colonisation israélienne et de l’occupation militaire… peut-être même plus encore qu’à Gaza.

    Les critères de l’administration fiscale

    Capture d’écran de la page « Don de France » sur HasdeiAvot.org (HasdeiAvot.org)
    Malgré les dizaines de visites que j’ai effectuées là-bas au cours des deux années que j’ai passées en Palestine, je n’ai jamais pu me faire à cette violence et à la déshumanisation subie au quotidien par les Palestiniens (la semaine dernière c’était un enfant de 5 ans qui était arrêté par l’armée). Et je ne suis visiblement pas le seul… tant les récits des mécanismes de la violence abondent et tant la ville constitue pour tout militant de la cause palestinienne ou simple curieux un passage obligé.

    Pourquoi la France reconnaît-elle donc à l’association Hasdei Avot un quelconque « caractère d’intérêt général » ? Répond-elle aux critères formulés par l’administration fiscale ? Celle ci-précise sur son site internet :

    « L’organisme doit respecter les trois conditions suivantes : être à but non lucratif, avoir un objet social et une gestion désintéressée, ne pas fonctionner au profit d’un cercle restreint de personnes. »

    Une population de colons (dont les enfants apparaissent de toute évidence comme instrumentalisés par leurs aînés) n’est-elle pas justement un « cercle restreint de personnes » ? L’entreprise de colonisation, par la violence, la spoliation et la vexation quotidienne est-elle un « objet social » ? Est-elle même « désintéressée » ?

    « Maintenir la présence juive »

    Capture d’écran de HasdeiAvot.org (http://www.hasdeiavot.org/presentation)
    Quant au « centre aéré » que « nos » dons sont censés financer, qu’enseigne-t-il aux enfants ? La coexistence pacifique ? Le site de Hasdei Avot donne quelques indices : son objectif est de « maintenir la présence juive dans la ville des Patriarches [Hébron, ndlr] ». Des « pauvres » Palestiniens qui auraient légitimement droit à l’assistance d’une association humanitaire « désintéressée » et qui seraient sans doute heureux d’avoir eux aussi droit à des vacances, il n’est point question.

    Le centre aéré financé par Hasdei Avot, non mixte évidemment car réservé aux filles, répond-il même au critère de la « sainte » laïcité « à la française » ? Accepterait-on de voir les deniers publics financer, même de façon indirecte, les « colonies de vacances » de Troisième Voie, organisation d’extrême droite française dissoute il y a peu ? Celles de la secte Moon en Corée du Sud ? Celles « réservées aux Blancs » du Ku Klux Klan ou des nostalgiques de l’apartheid sud-africain ? Ou celles du gouvernement élu du Hamas dont on critique volontiers les raccourcis nationalistes et la valorisation de la résistance armée ?

    Sans doute est-il aujourd’hui temps de cesser cette incroyable exception dont jouissent nombre d’associations franco-israéliennes qui œuvrent en faveur de la colonisation israélienne et le font avec les deniers publics.

    Sans doute est-il enfin temps pour notre gouvernement d’accepter que le rejet de la colonisation et la mise en application des principes républicains qui nous sont chers passent non seulement par des paroles mais aussi par des décisions politiques courageuses… En l’espèce, notre conscience et notre déficit public ne s’en porteraient que mieux.


  • La Bourse saoudienne s’ouvre aux investisseurs étrangers. Son attractivité mais aussi son instabilité vont augmenter...

    Saudi bourse opening may double fund flows to Gulf -

    http://english.alarabiya.net/en/business/2014/07/24

    By Olzhas Auyezov | Reuters, Dubai
    Thursday, 24 July 2014

    The opening of Saudi Arabia’s bourse to international investors may double the amount of foreign money flowing into the Gulf’s securities markets, making it more attractive to invest in the region but also bringing new risks.

    Not only Saudi Arabia but other Gulf markets are likely to lure more foreign funds after Tuesday’s announcement that the Saudi bourse will open to direct investment by foreign institutions in the first half of 2015. [ID:nL6N0PX0UX}

    That is because the size of the Saudi market, the Arab world’s biggest, means the Gulf will at a stroke become a much bigger and more diverse destination for international funds.

    The Saudi bourse has a capitalization of about $550 billion, roughly the same as all other Gulf Arab markets combined, and it accounts for approximately two-thirds of the region’s stock trading turnover. Limited liquidity has long been a complaint of foreign investors about the region; that will now improve.

    Just as important is the fact that Saudi Arabia offers a range of companies which the rest of the Gulf can’t match. They include giants such as petrochemical conglomerate Saudi Basic Industries Corp (SABIC) but also firms in fast-growing sectors such as retailing, health care and food production that are directly exposed to the region’s rapid population growth.

    Leading Saudi firms in these fields include retailer Jarir Marketing, food producer Savola Group and hospital management firm Dallah Healthcare, all private firms. Other Gulf markets generally lack such listed firms and are heavily tilted toward real estate, banking and state-run enterprises.

    There are also risks, which is why the Saudis delayed implementing their reform for years. The entry of foreign money could destabilize markets, partly by encouraging local investors to bid stock prices up to unsustainable levels ahead of time.

    It will also expose markets to global instability in a way that the region has not experienced before. Previously, U.S. interest rate increases or emerging market crashes meant little to Gulf investors; now, those events could trigger mass pullouts of money by foreigners.

    Overall, however, the Gulf looks likely to enjoy a “halo effect” from the opening of Saudi Arabia. As more foreign institutions find it worthwhile to establish operations in the region, money will spill over into many of its markets.

    “Markets such as the UAE and Qatar will benefit from the additional investor interest in the region and the spillover effect from investor flows,” said Salah Shamma, co-head of regional equities at big U.S. asset manager Franklin Templeton.

    “We believe the region is taking the right steps in establishing itself as a single, identifiable subset within the general emerging-market universe - like Latin America, southeast Asia or emerging Europe.”❞


  • UAE pays Hamas hush money after attempting to facilitate Dahlan’s return
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/uae-pays-hamas-hush-money-after-attempting-facilitate-dahlan%E2%8

    Certainly, readers can be struck by such a paradox, and may not grasp why the UAE – a part of the anti-Muslim Brotherhood alliance – would fund Hamas, even if it did so through the security portal (ousted Fatah strongman Mohammed Dahlan is currently a security adviser for Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed).

    According to sources close to Hamas, “the UAE money is the price it paid to cover up the scandal of having sent an intelligence delegation to Gaza, along with its medical personnel, for security reasons that include delivering money to Dahlan supporters in order to cause unrest.”

    “Millions of dollars were seized from the UAE delegation which were brought to support some parties affiliated to Dahlan,” the sources told Al-Akhbar, without revealing the exact amount.


  • Israel’s War Against Gaza’s Women & Their Bodies
    http://muftah.org/israels-war-gazas-women-bodies

    Promoting the Rape of Gaza and Its Women

    On July 21, Israeli media reported that Dov Lior, Chief Rabbi of the West Bank settlement Kiryat Arba, issued a religious edict on the rules of engagement during wartime, which he sent to the country’s Defense Minister. The edict stated that according to Jewish religious law, it is permissible to bomb innocent Palestinian civilians and “to exterminate the enemy.”

    While Lior is held in high regard, he is also associated with religious Zionism’s “conservative wing.” By contrast, David Stav, Chief Rabbi of the town of Shoham is considered to be a leader of religious Zionism’s “liberal” stream. In an op-ed published the same day news of Lior’s edict broke, Stav characterized the assault on Gaza as a holy war, which is mandated by the Torah itself and must be merciless.

    While these leading religious figures called for wars of extermination, some secular Israelis suggested carrying out attacks of a more perverse nature.

    The day after Lior and Stav made headlines, news emerged that the City Council of Or Yehuda, located in Israel’s coastal region, printed out and hung a banner supporting Israeli soldiers. The display included language suggesting the rape of Palestinian women. The text of the banner read: “Israeli soldiers, the residents of Or Yehuda are with you! Pound ‘their mother and come back home safely to your mother.”

    http://muftah.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/gaza-israel-women-2.jpg?fe293e

    In the image, a woman labeled “Gaza,” wears conservative Muslim dress from the waist up and nearly nothing from the waist down, while striking an alluring pose and giving the viewer a come-hither glance. The accompanying Hebrew text reads: “Bibi, finish inside this time! Signed, citizens in favor of a ground assault.” Again, a double-entendre was used to promote war while referencing rape. In Hebrew, the colloquial meaning of “finish” is to ejaculate.

    #villa_dans_la_jungle


  • Israeli analyst suggests Hizbullah is worried about Hamas performance; Acknowledges wide targeting of MILITARY sites in 2006 and by Hamas NOW
    http://mideastwire.wordpress.com/2014/07/18/israeli-analyst-suggests-hizbullah-is-worried-about-hamas-per

    This Israeli analyst, with the curiously or poorly named, tel-aviv based “levantine group,” attempts to make the claim that Hizbullah is disappointed or frustrated by Hamas’s performance.

    I strongly disagree after two weeks of interviews here in Beirut with a wide range of officials from all sides including hizbullah. Indeed, why should the party by “disappointed?”

    Hamas is trying to do the impossible by fighting on essentially a small beach of territory some few kilometers wide, with ZERO depth, with rockets that pale in comparison to both the AMOUNT and TYPE that hizbullah possesses (the swarm effect and the better tech is what Hizbullah is likely banking on for the next conflict , even if davids sling is introduced).

    Bottom line: Hamas’s fight now is NOT being viewed as anything close to a test run of the next Hizbullah-Israel war.

    One useful thing this analyst says however: he acknowledges something which is largely NEVER reported on but which is crucial to analysing the balance of power in the region. Hamas is mimicking Hizbullah’s approach to target MILITARY installations as a key aspect of their campaign.


  • #Syriens #réfugiés à #Gaza : « On espérait trouver la #sécurité, on a trouvé la #guerre »

    (RAFAH, bande de Gaza) Bombardements, tirs, peur : Mohamed Sabri Bahri croyait avoir fui le danger en quittant la Syrie. Neuf mois plus tard, sa famille et lui sont secoués par l’opération militaire israélienne dans la bande de Gaza.

    http://www.lapresse.ca/international/dossiers/offensive-israelienne-a-gaza/201407/21/01-4785421-syriens-refugies-a-gaza-on-esperait-trouver-la-securite-on-a-tro

    #asile #migration #Syrie #Palestine


  • Peut-on être arabe, journaliste, et traiter du conflit israélo-palestinien ? | Bondy Blog, 25 juillet 2014

    http://www.bondyblog.fr/201407250001/peut-on-etre-arabe-journaliste-et-traiter-du-conflit-israelo-palestinien

    J’avoue que je ne pensais jamais avoir à me poser la question de la difficulté de traiter du conflit israélo-palestinien lorsque on est “d’origine arabe”. Et c’est avec beaucoup d’affliction que je constate que le spectre néocolonialiste a encore de belles années devant lui.
    Je savais qu’intégrer une grande rédaction ne serait pas chose aisée. Je savais également que, ne venant pas du même milieu que mes confrères, j’aurais une vision, une réflexion, une analyse de l’actualité bien différente. Ce qui ne pouvait -à mon sens- qu’être une richesse supplémentaire ,et pour moi, et pour les autres. Ce que j’ignorais en revanche, c’est qu’on me renverrai à mes origines à la première occasion. J’avais naïvement cette vision du journaliste intelligent, ouvert d’esprit avec des capacités de décryptage et d’analyse qui incombe à son statut. Je me suis lourdement trompée. Non, aujourd’hui on ne peut visiblement pas porter un nom à consonance maghrébine et traiter sereinement du conflit israélo-palestinien. Jamais je n’aurais imaginé la facilité avec laquelle des confrères exprimeraient leur mépris et leur condescendance envers leurs collègues sous prétextes d’origines sociales et ethniques différentes. Jamais je n’aurais pu imaginer l’aisance qu’auraient des confrères à mettre en doute les capacités journalistiques de consœurs sous prétexte qu’elles s’apparentent à une origine différente.
    De fait, c’est ainsi génétiquement prouvé, en tant qu’Arabe, vous ne pouvez qu’être pro-palestiniens. Pas des journalistes crédibles. Pas des professionnels. Non. Vous êtes et vous resterez avant tout des Arabes. Je l’ai appris à mes dépens. Jamais je n’aurais imaginé me faire moi-même traiter de “petite-rebeu pro palestinienne” par mes pairs. “Petite rebeu” pas journaliste, pas française, pas légitime. “Petite rebeu” pour avoir seulement mis en avant des instants d’une guerre où les principales victimes sont des civils. Ce que j’ignorais aussi, c’était l’hypocrisie dans laquelle baignait ce milieu qui peut hurler son indignation à coup de #bringbackourgirls sans que l’on crie à l’impartialité. Qui peut allègrement s’indigner de crimes commis pas toutes les entités terroristes sans que l’on mette en doute leur neutralité.
    On peut dans ce pays être journaliste et s’offusquer, condamner les morts partout à travers le monde. Mais quand des enfants se font exploser le crâne par des armes israéliennes, nous n’avons plus le droit. L’indignation s’arrête là où commence le droit des israéliens à se défendre. Et si vous avez le malheur d’avoir une origine présupposée de connivence avec l’ennemi alors … Alors vous êtes au mieux pro-palestinienne, au pire antisémite.
    C’est assez honteux et très douloureux de se voir renvoyer à ses origines ethniques au sein d’une grande rédaction. C’est assez honteux de ne considérer ses confrères non pas comme des journalistes à part entière avec une réflexion qui leur est propre, mais comme des personnes d’origine étrangère qui ne peuvent donc qu’être à la solde de tel ou tel groupe. Cette façon d’essentialiser l’autre, en l’espèce “l’Arabe”, en le réduisant à une identité ethnique différente, voire inférieure, revient à refuser notre existence comme confrère. Comme journaliste avec une réflexion et des capacités intellectuelles identiques.
    Le cynisme du journaliste arrive alors à son paroxysme. Celui qui prétend mettre en exergue les dérives, les abus, les raccourcis, les inégalités mais qui à la première occasion lâche la soupape de sécurité. Ce genre de mécanisme porte un nom assez simple en réalité : ça s’appelle du racisme ordinaire. Ça n’a pas sa place au sein d’une rédaction…
    Widad Ketfi

    • Peut-on être journaliste d’un média de référence appartenant à des milieux d’affaires et traiter de l’aliénation des Palestiniens par les crimes israéliens ?

      Par ailleurs si on demande aux partisans du massacre des Palestiniens, les journalistes égyptiens subordonnés à El Sissi sont très habilités à traiter.


  • Gaza : neuf morts dans une école de l’ONU après un tir israélien
    http://www.romandie.com/news/Gaza-neuf-morts-dans-une-ecole-de-lONU-apres-un-tir-israelien/500784.rom

    Gaza (Territoires palestiniens) - Neuf Palestiniens, dont un enfant d’un an et sa mère, ont été tués jeudi après-midi dans une école de l’ONU à Beit Hanoun, dans le nord de la bande de Gaza, où avaient trouvé refuge des Palestiniens, selon le décompte d’un photographe de l’AFP.

    Les corps ont été conduits à la morgue de l’hôpital de Jabaliya, près de Beit Hanoun, selon le photographe de l’AFP. Le porte-parole de l’Agence de l’ONU pour l’aide aux réfugiés palestiniens (UNRWA), Chris Gunness a confirmé sur son compte Twitter qu’il y avait un certain nombre de tués et blessés dans ce bâtiment.

    Le porte-parole des services de secours palestiniens, Achraf al-Qoudra, a de son côté fait état d’un bilan de 15 morts et de plus de 200 blessés. Les blessés ont été conduits à l’hôpital Chifa de Gaza.

    Les coordonnées précises de cet abri à Beit Hanoun avaient été formellement fournies à l’armée israélienne, a souligné Chris Gunness.

    • Dozens feared dead as Israel shells UN shelter in Beit Hanoun
      http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=715952

      (...) A local radio station quoted an eyewitness as saying that immediately before the shelling, a man who introduced himself as a Red Cross official had asked displaced people taking shelter at the school to gather in the yard because they would be evacuated to another shelter.

      An UNRWA official intervened when he saw people gathering and argued that there had been no coordination with UNRWA, telling them to go back to their rooms. During the argument, Israeli artillery shells started to hit the school.

      UNRWA spokesman Chris Gunness tweeted in response to the attack that the “Precise co-ordinates of the UNRWA shelter in Beit Hanoun had been formally given to the Israeli army.”

      He added: “Over the course of the day, UNRWA tried 2 coordinate with the Israeli Army a window for civilians 2 leave & it was never granted.”

      Spokesman for the Ministry of Health Ashraf al-Qidra said that ambulances have started to evacuated victims to three hospitals in the northern Gaza Strip in addition to al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City.

      He confirmed that so far 13 deaths have been counted, but more were expected.

      An Israeli military spokeswoman did not immediately comment on the attack.

      An eyewitness said that displaced people were sitting in the front yard when Israeli artillery shells started to hit them. Another eyewitness said they saw five shells hitting the school.

      Earlier in the day, Gunness said on Twitter that three teachers for the UN agency had been killed, marking the first deaths among UNRWA workers.

      “The 1st UNRWA fatalities in #Gaza; 3 teachers. 2 women, 1 man killed along with family members by incoming fire. 2 women while in residences,” Gunness tweeted.

      “Losing a colleague is hard to bear. Losing a colleague in these circumstances is unbearable.”

      During Israel’s 2008-9 offensive on Gaza, Israeli tanks shelled an area outside an UNRWA school in Jabaliya refugee camp, killing 42 people, all but one of them civilians.

      ’Stop bombing civilians’

      The attacks brought Thursday’s total number of deaths to at least 80, as dozens of Palestinians have been killed as Israel continued its bombardment from land, air, and sea.

      More than 760 Palestinians have been killed since Israel launched its attack on the Gaza Strip 17 days ago, the majority since the ground began last week.

      Gaza-based rights groups have said that the vast majority of those killed are civilians, including nearly 200 children.

      International medical organization Doctors without Borders called on Israel to “stop bombing civilians trapped in the sealed-off Gaza Strip, and to respect the safety of medical workers and health facilities” on Monday, as it said that the majority of those arriving in emergency rooms where its doctors were working were women and children.

      “While official claims that the objective of the ground offensive is to destroy tunnels into Israel, what we see on the ground is that bombing is indiscriminate and that those who die are civilians,” said Nicolas Palarus a field coordinator for the group in Gaza.

      The group also said that Israel had directly targeted an ambulance with an air strike, despite the fact that they had been guaranteed movement.

      A recent airstrike hit a residential block in al-Zahraa in the central Gaza Strip and a house belonging to Nofal family in the Al-Nasr neighborhood in Gaza City.

      23-year-old Isam Faysal and 13-year-old Amir Adel Siyam were also killed by an Israeli raid on Rafah.

      Meanwhile, 21-year-old Abdul-Aziz Nur Addin was killed by an airstrike on a market in Shujaiyya. The Ministry of Health announced earlier that 19-year-old Saer Audah Shamali was killed in Shujaiyya.

      Earlier on Thursday, four bodies were pulled from the rubble of buildings in Khuzaa, where dozens were killed in heavy Israeli shelling over night.

      The bodies were later identified as Rasmi Abu Reida, Muhammad Abu Yousif, Ahmad Qudeih and Rami Qudeih .

      Israeli airstrikes also killed seven Palestinians in western Kkhan Younis. Gaza Ministry of Health spokesman Al-Qidra said that an airstrike killed Ahmad Abdul-Karim, Ahmad Hasan and Muhammad Ismail Khader there.

      He added that Ahmad al-Mashhadi and Ahmad Khadir were killed in another raid on Khan Younis.

      Earlier, he announced that bodies of Anas Akram Skafi , 18, and his twin brother Saad were removed from rubble in Shujaiyya, the site of the killing of nearly 70 Palestinians in one day over the weekend.

      Emergency teams on Thursday also managed to remove the body of a dead woman, identified as Alal Khalil Abu Ayda , and three injured people from the rubble of a home belonging to the al-Bardini family which Israeli missiles demolished earlier in the city of al-Zahraa in the central Gaza Strip.

      Al-Qidra said earlier that five Palestinian men were killed by two separate Israeli airstrikes on a motorcycle and a tuk-tuk (auto-rickshaw) in Abasan al-Kabira east of Khan Younis.

      Medical sources identified four of the victims as Nabil Shihdah Qudeih, Nadir Suleiman Qudeih, Bakir Fathi Qudeih, and Ismail Hasan Abu Rjeila .

    • Gaza : 15 Palestiniens réfugiés dans une école de l’ONU tués par un tir
      http://www.romandie.com/news/Gaza-15-Palestiniens-refugies-dans-une-ecole-de-lONU-tues-par-un/500824.rom

      Selon un porte-parole de l’armée israélienne, des combats sont en cours dans la zone de Beit Hanoun avec le Hamas accusé de se servir des infrastructures civiles et de symboles internationaux comme boucliers humains.

      L’armée a aussi évoqué la possibilité d’un carnage causé par une roquette tirée par le Hamas : Durant l’après-midi, plusieurs roquettes lancées par le Hamas depuis la bande de Gaza sont tombés dans le secteur de Beit Hanoun, ajouté cette source.

      Il faut donc comprendre que les résistants palestiniens se cachent parmi la population civile et ensuite ils se tirent dessus.

    • Israeli strike on Gaza school kills 15 and leaves 200 wounded
      http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/24/israeli-strike-un-school-gaza-kills-women-children

      UN condemns shelling of UNRWA school, saying it asked IDF for time to evacuate civilians, which was not given

      (...)

      Chris Gunness, spokesman for the United Nations Relief and Works agency said there had earlier been “firing around the compound” and his organisation had asked the Israeli army for time to evacuate civilians. “We spent much of the day trying to negotiate or to coordinate a window so that civilians, including our staff, could leave. That was never granted … and the consequences of that appear to be tragic.”

    • La version des assassins : le Hamas a empêché l’UNRWA d’évacuer les civils,

      “Last night, we told Red Cross to evacuate civilians from UNRWA’s shelter in Beit Hanoun btw 10am & 2pm. UNRWA & Red Cross got the message. Hamas prevented civilians from evacuating the area during the window that we gave them.”


  • L’heure est très grave. La (fausse) gauche vient encore de frapper. L’ump en rêvait, el blanco va le faire.

    Un autre amendement précise l’incrimination « d’entreprise individuelle terroriste », qui sera étayée par le fait de détenir des armes et des explosifs mais aussi par la recherche sur internet des sites « provoquant directement à la commission d’actes de terrorisme ou en faisant l’apologie »

    Traduction : tu zones sur internet donc tu peux être dans une « entreprise individuelle terroriste » et bien sûr c’est pas à un juge de décider...

    Y’a le feu ! y’a vraiment le feu. Amis de la horde, voilà une cause qu’elle est bonne pour combattre, il est là le véritable fascisme

    http://tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/topnews/20140722.REU6804/le-texte-contre-le-terrorisme-durci-a-l-assemblee.html
    #internet #censure #1984 #le_meilleur_des_mondes


  • #UN rights chief: “strong possibility” #Israel violating international law in #Gaza
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/un-rights-chief-strong-possibility-israel-violating-international

    Israel may be committing war crimes in Gaza, where its punitive house demolitions and killing of children raise the “strong possibility” that it is violating international law, UN High Commissioner for #Human_Rights Navi Pillay said on Wednesday. Pillay, opening an emergency debate at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, also condemned the firing of rockets and mortars by Hamas into Occupied #Palestine. (Reuters)


  • Excellent billet de Pierre Abi Saab dans le Akhbar : L’Europe a du sang palestinien sur les mains (avec une attention toute particulière pour l’hypocrisie française).
    http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/211388

    بحثنا كثيراً، في الأسبوعين الاخيرين، عن الشخصيّات السياسيّة والقيادات الأوروبيّة التي كانت رأس حربة «الربيع العربي». أين «أصدقاء سوريا» الأوروبيّون اليوم، وقد تحوّل سجن غزّة إلى أرض المجزرة الكارثيّة فيما العالم يتفرّج، وأوباما يصدح ـــ وقبله هولاند وفابيوس وآخرون ـــ بـ «حق اسرائيل الشرعي في الدفاع عن نفسها (لكن بلطف ولباقة رجاء)»؟ أين هؤلاء «الأصدقاء» الأعزّاء، وأهل غزّة يُذبحون بالعشرات كلّ يوم؟

    (Avec du @alaingresh inside.)


  • Can Palestinian Men be Victims ? Gendering Israel’s War on Gaza
    http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/18644/can-palestinian-men-be-victims-gendering-israels-w

    On pleure la perte des femmes et des enfants, mais les hommes palestiniens peuvent-ils aussi être des victimes ?

    Only within this logic can criticism of Israel’s war on Gaza be answered, straight faced, with statements about the “fate” of women and homosexuals “under” Hamas. Recently, a spokesman for Israel answered Noura Erakat’s condemnation of Israel’s violation of international human rights by sharing this gem of wisdom: “Hamas, they wouldn’t allow a young, liberal, secular woman to express her views like you do, ma’am. They would not allow my gay friends to express their sexuality freely.” This statement aims to mobilize the gendered discourse of the War on Terror, a discourse that plays on the affective registers of US liberalism through a pandering to feminist and LGBTQ rights. This pandering allows Islamophobia and war to be manifested as a public and international good—after all, it is “we” that are defending the helpless from the ravages of Muslim and Arab men. Laleh Khalili has called this “the use of gendered ‘telling’ to distinguish those who are to be protected from those who are to be feared or destroyed.” This discourse is so powerful that it does not need to rely on facts—it has in fact overridden them.

    The Israeli war machine, much like the US war machine in Afghanistan or Iraq, does not protect Palestinian queers and women and children. It kills them, maims them, and dispossesses them alongside their loved ones—for the simple reason that they are Palestinian, and thus able to be killed with impunity while the world watches. Today, the difference between Palestinian womenandchildren and Palestinian men is not in the production of corpses, but rather in the circulation of those corpses within dominant and mainstream discursive frames that determine who can be publicly mourned as true “victims” of Israel’s war machine. Thus the sheer number of womenandchildren dead are enough to mobilize the US president and the UN to make statements “condemning” the violence—but the killing, imprisonment, and maiming of Palestinian men and boys in times of war and ceasefire goes uncited. In Israel men, settlers, and even soldiers are framed as victims of Palestinian terrorism and aggression. All are publicly mourned. In an almost direct reversal, while Palestinian boys and men have been the primary target of Israel, as evidenced by the population of political prisoners and targeted assassinations, are not seen by western based mainstream media as victims of Israeli terrorism and aggression. Palestinians are put in the self-defeating position of having to fight to be recognized as human, to be recognized in death and in life as victims of Israeli policies and actions.

    #Proche_Orient #racisme #pinkwashing


  • Sur l’antisémitisme. Qui sème le vent récolte la tempête…, par Dominique Vidal (Les blogs du Diplo)
    http://blog.mondediplo.net/2014-07-23-Qui-seme-le-vent-recolte-la-tempete

    Les évènements survenus ces derniers jours en marge des manifestations de solidarité avec #Gaza inquiètent à juste titre les communautés juives et musulmanes, mais aussi tous ceux qui ont à cœur le tissu démocratique de la société française et redoutent le poison que représente pour celle-ci l’actuel sursaut de racisme. Encore faut-il, afin de combattre ce dernier, établir clairement les responsabilités.


  • ‘Foreign Fighters’ for Israel -
    Les combattants étrangers en Israël

    The Washington Post
    By David Malet July 22
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/07/22/foreign-fighters-for-israel

    The deaths on July 20 of two Americans serving in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) provided an opening for critics of Israel to compare them to the foreign fighters of the Islamic State, formerly referred to as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Similar complaints have already called for other governments to criminalize volunteering for Israel to create equivalence to the prosecution of would-be jihadi Islamists. The IDF reports 4,600 foreign “Lone Soldiers” currently serving, over one-third of whom are American (it is unclear how many hold dual citizenship). Are IDF Lone Soldiers comparable to al-Qaeda-inspired jihadis or the volunteer brigades who joined the Spanish Civil War?

    The question hinges on both definitions and connotations of what a foreign fighter is. Consideration of foreign fighters by international security analysts is less than a decade old and, as political scientists inevitably do, researchers employ slightly varied definitions, so there are no universal criteria for identification. Crucially, however, most studies have assumed foreign fighters to be insurgents fighting against the government. Scholar on Islamist militant groups Thomas Hegghammer’s definition of foreign fighters specifically “excludes returning diaspora members,” and this would encompass Lone Soldiers such as Nissim Sean Carmeli, an Israeli-born Texan who was one of the Americans killed. No published academic definitions of foreign fighters would therefore include diaspora Jews fighting in the IDF.

    Beyond definitions, the term “foreign fighter” generally carries an implication of illegitimacy. In late 2001, al-Qaeda’s “foreign fighters” were shipped off to the Guantanamo Bay detention center in Cuba because they were regarded as both uniquely dangerous and uniquely “unauthorized enemy combatants.” They did not uphold international norms of citizenship and military allegiance, and stated that they in fact wished to destroy the international system itself. They were also not the primarily profit-seeking mercenaries already banned under international law.

    Nearly every academic study has focused exclusively on Sunni jihadis, some incorporating Islamism in their parameters, although counterterrorism and Middle East security expert Daniel Byman has recently examined the substantial number of pro-regime Shiite volunteers who arrived in Syria from elsewhere in the region. The phenomenon is far wider than just Islamists, however. In my book “Foreign Fighters,” I analyze the surprisingly common strategy of armed groups that persuade volunteers abroad that they have a duty to protect fellow members of a transnational group facing a threat to its survival. This approach has been used by ideological affiliations including the Communist International for the International Brigades, and by religious groups like the Catholic foreign fighters on the other side of the Spanish Civil War, who were told their souls would benefit from martyrdom for Christ. It also holds for ethnic groups like the nearly 200 Albanian-Americans who joined the Atlantic Brigades to fight for the Kosovo Liberation Army, and the European volunteers defending fellow White Anglo-Saxon Protestants in the Texas Revolution who outnumbered Texan-born fighters at the Alamo three-to-one. The particular identity of the group does not affect this approach to recruitment. Today it is being used by jihadis for the Islamic State and also pro-Russian fighters for the Orthodox Dawn in eastern Ukraine.


  • Mosul w/out Christians for First time in 1,900 Years as Radical Fundamentalists Threaten Minorities |
    Informed Comment
    http://www.juancole.com/2014/07/christians-fundamentalists-minorities.html

    For the first time in nearly 2000 years, there are virtually no Christians in the city of Mosul in northern Iraq. The community is reported to have fled en masse after the so-called “Islamic State” (IS) of radical fundamentalists warned them that they faced the choice of converting to Islam, paying a poll tax, fleeing the city, or… the sword. The incorrectly named “Islamic State,” which is a kind of criminal cartel, said that if they chose to depart, the Christians of Mosul would only be allowed to leave with the clothes on their backs, and their homes and property would be confiscated by IS. There were an estimated 3,000 Christians in Mosul, a city of about 2 million.
    IS allegedly set fire to an ancient church in Mosul that goes back to the early centuries of Christianity, though some reports dispute this allegation.
    Christianity may have spread to the Jews of Babylon in the time of St. Peter. Penny Young writes:
    “It is thought that the Christian population of Iraq is one of the oldest in the world. In his book By the Waters of Babylon (1972) James Wellard hypothesizes that when St Peter referred to ‘the Church at Babylon’, he may have been referring to an actual Jewish Christian community in the region of the Mesopotamian city, similar to other Nazarene communities which were springing up all over the Roman Empire to the west. The word ‘church’ was figurative. The earliest dated church building to have been found in the world so far is at Dura Europos in Syria on the Euphrates close to today’s border with Iraq. The murals were painted between 232 and 256 ad, three quarters of a century before Constantine recog­nized Christianity.”


  • Al Jazeera Investigates - Informants
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMRns4ViuEY

    Al Jazeera’s Investigative Unit takes you inside the shadowy world of FBI informants and counterterrorism sting operations. Following the 9/11 attacks, the FBI set about to recruit a network of more than 15,000 informants. Al Jazeera’s investigative film tells the stories of three paid FBI informants who posed as Muslims as they searched for people interested in joining violent plots concocted by the FBI.
    Interactive Documentary : Informants http://aje.me/informants

    (Note : je n’ai pas encore regardé ce documentaire, et ma connexion actuelle est tellement mauvaise que je risque de ne pas pouvoir le visionner. Commentaires particulièrement bienvenus.)