• Gaza après la guerre

    Un parmi les nombreux reportages de la télé norvégienne dans le Gaza post guerre. Et chaque reportage montre une petite partie du désastre. Plus de maison parce que détruite par Israël, lequel Israël empêche la reconstruction parce qu’elle bloque l’entrée des matériaux aux frontières, pas d’argent pour louer des appartements, le PNUD et l’UNWRA débordé n’ont pas non plus d’argent à donner pour la location des appartements, des problèmes d’assainissement, des inondations, de l’insalubrité, des enfants pas forcément à l’école, etc...

    http://gfx.nrk.no//18MVGj2b_GqsMT8xSO1LGg1EbMG81csXeTdGhPhYwLfg.jpg

    Kan bli kastet ut etter at hjemmene ble bombet i Gaza-krigen - Nyheter, tv og radio fra hele verden - NRK.no

    http://www.nrk.no/verden/kan-bli-kastet-ut-etter-at-hjemmene-ble-bombet-i-gaza-krigen-1.12097767

    Kan bli kastet ut etter at hjemmene ble bombet i Gaza-krigen

    GAZA (NRK) : Fortvilede palestinere som fikk ødelagt husene sine under Gaza-krigen vet ikke hvor de skal gjøre av seg. Pengene fra den norsk-ledede Kairo-konferansen har ingen sett noe til.

    #gaza


  • Ces femmes savantes que l’histoire de l’islam a oubliées
    Scientifiques, architectes, juristes... plus de 9000 femmes, selon Mohammad Akram Nadoui, professeur de sciences islamiques à l’université de Cambridge, qui ont contribué à la construction de la civilisation islamique et sont aujourd’hui tombées dans l’oubli. Une exposition à Oran présente leurs parcours, avant une tournée à l’étranger.

    http://www.elwatan.com/culture/ces-femmes-que-l-histoire-de-l-islam-a-oubliees-12-12-2014-281211_113.php
    #femme#islam#histoire


  • Le régime « laïque » égyptien s’attaque aux athées

    Authorities raid & close ’atheists’ cafe’ in downtown Cairo | Mada Masr
    http://www.madamasr.com/news/authorities-raid-close-atheists-cafe-downtown-cairo

    Sunday, December 14, 2014 - 22:00
    Authorities raid & close ’atheists’ cafe’ in downtown Cairo
    By: Mada Masr
    Security forces raided and closed what they described as the “atheists’ café” in the Abdeen neighborhood of downtown Cairo, municipal authorities announced Sunday.

    The café has also been described as a den for “Satan worshippers.”

    The closure spurred a reaction on social networking sites, with “atheists’ café” trending nationwide.

    The mainstream media portal Sada al-Balad reported on Sunday that the coffee shop was raided and demolished.

    Gamal Mohie, chief of the Abdeen Municipality, told Mada Masr that the coffee shop in question was not raided on Sunday, but one month earlier, on November 10.

    “There was no demolition involved, only confiscation of the coffee shop’s property. This was all done in accordance with the law and legal procedures,” Mohie clarified, adding that the only person arrested during the raid was the owner, “as his coffee shop was unauthorized, unlicensed, and also because drugs were found inside.”



  • Palestinian official: PA can’t halt security coordination with Israel - we rely on it
    Declarations on suspending security cooperation were intended first and foremost to rein in the anger within the Fatah movement, and stemmed from internal needs within the Palestinian leadership, official says.
    By Amira Hass | Dec. 14, 2014 |Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.631570

    Following a request by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, the Palestinian leadership has postponed its discussions on a response to the death of Minister Ziad Abu Ein, who died of a heart attack after a confrontation with Israel Defense Forces troops last Wednesday.

    Kerry’s request was considered “American pressure,” a senior Palestinian official involved in the leadership meetings told Haaretz. But he added that there had never been any intention on the part of the Palestinians to carry out its threats to suspend or halt security cooperation with Israel.

    The postponement of any decision is part of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ ongoing tactics, which involve waiting for the United States to act and find an acceptable solution to the conflict, said the official.

    The Palestinian leadership met last Wednesday evening to discuss the response to the death of Abu Ein, who died after a protest was blocked by the IDF in Yurmus Aya, near Ramallah.

    Israeli medical sources said the primary cause of death was a heart attack caused by stress, but Palestinian officials said Abu Ein had died from being struck and inhaling tear gas.

    It was announced after the meeting that the discussion about an official response would be postponed until Friday.

    But none of the proposals raised on Wednesday were new, and have been brought up time and again over the past few months, said the Palestinian official. For example, signing on international covenants such as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court or a UN Security Council Resolution on setting a date for an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories.

    Talk of suspending security cooperation with Israel had also been raised in the past, he said.

    The declarations on suspending security cooperation were intended first and foremost to rein in the anger within the Fatah movement, and stemmed from internal needs within the Palestinian leadership.

    “A few of the people who spoke in the media in favor of suspending security coordination speak completely differently in closed meetings and are asking to act with restraint and caution,” the official said.

    “The Israelis know that very well, and Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon said more or less that these were empty threats.

    “These are threats that have stopped being threatening. The Palestinian Authority cannot end the security coordination because of the many economic and personal interests – not only security ones – that rely on it,” he added.

    Hamas arrests

    In recent months, the Palestinian security services have conducted many arrests among members of Hamas and Islamic Jihad – many among the students at the various universities in the West Bank.

    Some were released after a few days, others are summoned daily to one of the Palestinian security organizations and released in the evening, without even being questioned.

    Over the weekend, the PA arrested 21 Hamas members in Hebron.

    A Hamas member said the arrests were meant to silence any other viewpoint.

    “Between the Israeli detentions and the PA campaign to silence [dissent], it is impossible to speak today about the existence of the Hamas organization in the West Bank,” he said.

    However, the PA claims the reason for the arrests was holding weapons or the financing of banned activities.

    Many of the arrests were meant to deter or intimidate, but others are based on information concerning weapons and transfers of money whose purpose is unknown, the senior Palestinian official told Haaretz.

    “These are arrests that it was possible to carry out without security coordination with Israel, but with the security coordination it is easier,” he said.

    Some 1,000 Hamas supporters in Hebron planned to hold a march and rally on Friday, to mark 27 years since the organization’s foundation.

    IDF soldiers destroyed the stage and confiscated banners and flags, and then dispersed the gathering with tear gas and rubber-covered bullets, which injured at least two, according to Palestinian reports.

    Hamas sources said the PA placed roadblocks in the streets leading to the rally and arrested activists who were on their way to the demonstration.

    Media outlets close to the PA reported widely yesterday about the dozen demonstrations that the IDF dispersed Friday, and the dozens of Palestinians injured by tear gas and a few who were wounded by bullets.

    But the Palestinian media also played down reports on the use of force to disperse the Hamas gathering.

    Even if the Palestinian and Israeli security forces did not act with prior coordination, the dispersal of the Hamas gathering, the arrests and the silencing of the media reflect their mutual interest in silencing the group.

    Ya’alon spoke dismissively on Friday evening about the Palestinian officials’ threats to end the security coordination.

    “The security coordination is more important to the [Palestinian] Authority than it is to us,” he said in an interview with Channel 2. “We will get by without security coordination. These are empty threats.”


  • L’absence de cohésion interne et son impact sur le dossier des otages militaires - Scarlett HADDAD - L’Orient-Le Jour
    http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/900548/labsence-de-cohesion-interne-et-son-impact-sur-le-dossier-des-otages-

    Les ravisseurs ont d’ailleurs rapidement compris les points faibles du gouvernement et les utilisent à fond pour augmenter les divisions. Ils exploitent la fragilité de la cohésion gouvernementale, sachant que certains ministres sont tiraillés entre leur condamnation de la prise de militaires en otage et leur souci de ne pas renforcer le Hezbollah. Ils ne souhaitent donc pas enrayer la présence des groupes extrémistes pour ne pas laisser totalement la scène libanaise entre les mains du Hezbollah. Comme, dans cette période particulière, avec la vacance à la tête de la République, chaque ministre a son droit de veto, les décisions du gouvernement restent vagues et peu déterminantes. Les combattants de Daech et d’al-Nosra présents dans le jurd entre la Syrie et le Liban le savent parfaitement et misent sur ce point pour continuer à exercer leur horrible chantage sur le Liban et les familles des militaires pris en otage.


  • Survey claims 866 atheists in Egypt, highest in Arab World | Mada Masr 10 December
    http://www.madamasr.com/news/survey-claims-866-atheists-egypt-highest-arab-world

    According to press statements by religious authorities on Wednesday, Egypt has the highest number of atheists in the Arab World, amounting to 866.

    This contentious figure was cited by Ibrahim Negm, advisor to Egypt’s Grand Mufti, based on an international survey, conducted by independent polling and survey group “Red C” in 2014.

    Negm added that the country has witnessed a marked increase in atheism over the past four years, with a number of Egypt-based groups appearing online, including, “Atheists Without Borders,” “The Atheist Brotherhood,” and “Atheists Against Religions.”

    An Egyptian atheist, “X,” whose name is being withheld due to security concerns, commented: “I trust that the number of atheists in Egypt far exceeds 866; at least ten times, if not a hundred times this number, maybe even more … There are likely more than 866 atheists just in downtown Cairo right now … I don’t know how they arrived at this figure. I haven’t heard of such statistics, or a survey being conducted about atheism before today.”


  • L’armée israélienne est colonisée par les religieux | Mediapart
    11 décembre 2014 | Par René Backmann
    http://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/111214/larmee-israelienne-est-colonisee-par-les-religieux

    Année après année, l’armée israélienne s’est « théocratisée ». Les rabbins se font désormais inspecteurs des casernes et négocient les missions et le statut des soldats avec les hauts gradés. Cette présence désormais massive de religieux ultra-orthodoxes pose le problème du rôle politique de l’armée et de son attitude si elle reçoit un jour l’ordre d’évacuer les 500 000 colons de Cisjordanie et de Jérusalem-Est.

    Datée du 9 juillet, au deuxième jour de l’opération « Bordure protectrice » contre la bande de Gaza, la lettre porte la signature du colonel Ofer Winter, commandant de la brigade Givati, l’une des plus célèbres unités d’infanterie de l’armée israélienne. Né à Kyriat Ata, à l’est de Haïfa, formé à l’école militaire religieuse Bnei David, dans la colonie d’Eli, au cœur de la Cisjordanie, le colonel Winter, qui porte la kippa des juifs ultra-orthodoxes, est un soldat de choc. Pendant ses classes, il s’est porté volontaire pour le commando d’élite Sayeret Matkal, puis pour les parachutistes et l’unité spéciale Maglan, chargée de l’infiltration derrière les lignes ennemies, avant de coiffer le béret violet de la brigade Givati et d’en prendre le commandement en 2013.

    Qu’un commandant d’unité de combat parle ou écrive à ses hommes avant une offensive pour préciser le sens et la valeur de leur mission est assez banal, en Israël comme ailleurs. Ce qui l’était moins, dans la lettre du colonel Winter, dactylographiée en hébreu et frappée de l’emblème des Givati, un renard pourpre, c’était le ton. Et le choix des arguments mobilisateurs. Après avoir affirmé à ses « chers officiers et soldats » qu’ils avaient « le grand privilège de commander et de servir dans la brigade Givati », il affirmait qu’ils avaient été « choisis par l’histoire pour être le fer de lance du combat contre l’ennemi terroriste qui maudit, défie et profère des blasphèmes contre le Dieu des armées d’Israël » . Et il concluait en adressant au ciel une prière : « Dieu d’Israël, donne-nous la victoire, aide-nous à vaincre cette bataille pour Ta Nation, Israël, contre un ennemi qui maudit Ton nom »

    Dérapage mystique d’un dévot en uniforme ? Égarement rhétorique d’un soldat en proie à une soudaine exaltation messianique ? Non. Choix décomplexé, assumé, d’un officier religieux qui ne voit pas de frontière entre son devoir de soldat et sa mission de croyant. Et établit sa propre hiérarchie entre les ordres de l’État, du gouvernement et les injonctions divines.

    Car Ofer Winter ne s’en est pas tenu là. Quelques semaines plus tard, alors que l’offensive contre la bande de Gaza était toujours en cours, le commandant de la brigade Givati a accordé une longue interview à l’hebdomadaire ultra-orthodoxe Mishpacha dans laquelle il affirmait qu’il ne regrettait pas un mot de sa lettre. « Ceux qui m’ont attaqué à propos de ce texte, expliquait-il, n’ont vu des armes qu’en photo, n’ont jamais combattu et ne savent pas ce qu’est l’esprit du combat. Lorsqu’une personne se trouve dans une situation où sa vie est en péril, elle se trouve confrontée à ses vérités les plus profondes, et dans ces cas-là, même l’athée le plus athée rencontre Dieu »

    Dans la même interview, Ofer Winter allait plus loin encore en confiant à Mishpacha que son unité avait miraculeusement bénéficié de la protection divine au cours d’une opération. « Un raid nocturne que nous avions préparé a été retardé et le soleil venait de se lever lorsque les soldats se sont mis en route en direction de leur objectif, ce qui les exposait à l’ennemi. À ce moment précis, un brouillard épais est descendu du ciel pour couvrir leurs mouvements jusqu’à la fin du raid. Et il ne s’est dissipé que lorsqu’ils se sont retrouvés à l’abri, mission accomplie. C’était clairement l’exaucement du verset : Le Seigneur Dieu est celui qui t’accompagne pour te donner la victoire » , ainsi qu’il est écrit dans le Deutéronome.(...)


  • Des ONG défendant les droits de l’homme quittent l’Egypte accusant le pouvoir « de leur avoir déclaré la guerre » - Ahram

    http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/117591.aspx

    An Egyptian human rights group has said it will transfer its regional and international activities abroad because the state has “declared war” on civil society groups.
    The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) said on Tuesday that it feared “constant threats” against non-governmental organisations and a clampdown on all “critical voices” would hinder its work.

    The group citied a government ultimatum to thousands of groups, which expired on 10 November, to register under a law from the era of Hosni Mubarak as one of the main motives behind the move.

    The centre said it feared it would also be obliged to relocate its local activities “if the hostile climate against independent human rights group continues.”

    Regional activities will be moved to Tunisia, where the group is legally registered, the centre said.

    Some regional activities were relocated to other Arab countries amid restrictions that either impede or bar foreign rights campaigners and academics from entering the country, a statement by the centre said.

    Last month, the government gave a deadline for groups doing NGO-type work and registered as civil companies or law firms to correct their status by registering under the Mubarak-era statute.

    NGOs also fear a new draft law regulating their activities will further strengthen the state’s grip on them and severely restrict their operations.

    Social Solidarity Minister Ghada Wali said she was “astonished” by the group’s move, in comments carried by state news agency MENA.

    The minister said she had previously accepted the group’s call for a dialogue, stressing that the government has taken no legal action against the group or cracked down on it.

    Wali said the institute had not asked the government for a correction of its status.

    Some rights groups have already shut their offices in Egypt, including a democracy watchdog founded by former US president Jimmy Carter.

    The Carter Centre said it had closed its Cairo office in October because “the current environment in Egypt is not conducive to genuine democratic and civic participation.”


  • Anti-BDS academics urge ’personal’ sanctions against ’annexationist’ Zionist professors, including renowned political theorist Michael Walzer, say U.S. and EU should restrict visas and freeze assets of Bennett and three others who entrench the occupation.
    By Debra Nussbaum Cohen | Dec. 11, 2014 | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/jewish-world-news/.premium-1.631336

    NEW YORK –A nascent group of well-known academics is calling on the U.S. government and European Union to impose personal sanctions on four prominent Israelis “who lead efforts to insure permanent Israeli occupation of the West Bank and to annex all or parts of it unilaterally in violation of international law.”

    Scholars for Israel and Palestine (SIP) a group that describes itself as “pro-Israel, pro-Palestine, pro-peace” is asking the U.S. and EU governments to impose visa restrictions and to freeze the foreign assets of Economy Minister and Habayit Hayehudi leader Naftali Bennett, Housing Minister Uri Ariel, Likud MK Moshe Feiglin and Ze’ev “Zambish” Hever, a former Jewish Underground member who heads the Amana organization, which oversees the settlement enterprise, including illegal outposts.

    “We chose four Israeli leaders and public figures to start with because they stand out by working to make the occupation permanent and irreversible,” said Gershon Shafir, a professor of sociology at University of California San Diego, who came up with the concept.

    These four “were particularly dismissive of Secretary of State Kerry’s peace-making efforts, and explicitly call for and work towards the formal annexation of the West Bank or part of it, and thereby push Israel in the direction of violating international law. They are the ones who cross particularly sharp red lines,” Shafir said in an interview initially conducted by email. The approach is being invoked for the first time in the context of the Israel-Palestine conflict, he said later by telephone.

    The call’s 20 signatories include several well-known academics from UCLA to Boston College and Columbia University, including renowned political theorist Michael Walzer, professor emeritus of social science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J. All the signatories to SIP’s call are Zionists, Walzer said in an interview, and are deeply opposed to academic boycotts.

    The signatories are all members of a group called The Third Narrative established in 2013 by the Labor Zionist group Ameinu as a Zionist-progressive response to far left attacks on Israel – including BDS. One who signed the new call for personal sanctions, Columbia University sociologist Todd Gitlin, published an article last month asserting that broad anti-Israel BDS is a “legal and moral disaster.”

    The new SIP call, which is titled “Israel: A Time for Personal Sanctions,” was also published on the Third Narrative website, though it was not endorsed by the group as a whole.

    Its backers say that it is completely distinct from the BDS resolutions being fought on campuses nationwide, which would effectively ostracize all Israeli academics. This, in contrast, targets some of the individuals most personally responsible for expanding the occupation. It is similar to the approach adopted by President Obama earlier this year when he signed an executive order freezing the assets of seven top Russian officials for their involvement in the annexation of Crimea, they claim.

    “All of us are very engaged in opposing the academic boycott and other boycotts,” said Walzer in an interview. He is author of numerous books, including “In God’s Shadow: Politics in the Hebrew Bible,” (Yale University Press) and last year retired as co-editor of Dissent magazine. “But at the same time we always insist we are against the occupation. This seemed to be a usefully dramatic way of focusing attention on where it should be focused and not where some of the BDS people are trying to put it,” Walzer said.

    In their petition, the academics detail their reasons for choosing the four targeted individuals. Bennett is cited for “leading the struggle” against the 2010 settlement freeze during his tenure as director of the Yesha settlements council, for advocating the annexation of Area C, which constitutes 62% of the West Bank, and for “pressing strongly for a policy of creeping annexation” as a cabinet minister. Ariel is blasted for issuing housing tenders across the Green Line and thus undermining Secretary of State John Kerry’s peace efforts and for calling for the establishment of a Third Temple on the Temple Mount. Feiglin is targeted for his “straightforward and undisguised extremism” and anti-Arab statements, while Hever “has been one of the most persistent and influential organizers of settlement construction.”

    Gitlin, a professor of journalism and sociology and longtime participant in protest movements, said that he signed on because “I felt it was time to move the conversation to a different plane.” He first supported a boycott of apartheid South Africa in 1965, he recalled in an interview with Haaretz.

    “The call to condemn right-wing governments is insufficient to get their attention,” he said. “We are holding Israeli figures whose declarations are inimical to a just and peaceful settlement to account,” Gitlin said. “They undermine American policy and security in the Middle East. We think it’s a matter of American policy to say we do not consider these people to be friends of America, but adversaries.”

    Eric Alterman, Distinguished Professor of English at Brooklyn College, is a Third Narrative member who elected not to sign onto the new call for personal sanctions. “I don’t believe in politics that are purely symbolic,” he told Haaretz. “Some people do, and that’s fine. But I only believe in politics when I can see how what I’m supporting might actually happen.”

    Indeed many of The Third Narrative’s Academic Advisory Council’s members did not sign on to the new personal sanctions effort, though Shafir, Gitlin and other signatories to the new call are members of that body as well.

    “This proposal would take us down a route of increasing hostility that can only further isolate Israel from the world community and undermine efforts to build the cooperation necessary to a negotiated settlement,” said Cary Nelson, Jubilee Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “While I support condemning the views these politicians hold, I cannot support sanctioning them for exercising their free speech rights,” he wrote by email from Israel, which he is visiting.

    The SIP’s call for personal sanctions very specifically opposes wide boycott efforts and its backers are not worried about being lumped together with the BDS proponents who are widely regarded as working toward Israel’s destruction.

    It is “utterly different than anathematizing an entire category of persons like the academic boycott efforts,” Gitlin said. “In this case there is a proper target, people whose activity is toxic and we think they need to be named.”

    “This would provide a way of mobilizing votes against blanket boycotts but equally against the attempts to make the occupation irreversible,” Shafir said. “It would allow us to find a place in the middle and remain distinguished from but remain part of the ongoing dialogue in a productive way that is protective of Israel’s ties with the U.S., the world and liberal intellectuals.”

    “We really are fighting on two fronts,” said Shafir, who was born in Ramat Aviv and began his career at Tel Aviv University, before moving to California in 1987. “That is our identity.”

    Other signatories to the petition include Jeff Weintraub, a political theorist who has taught at the University of Pennsylvania and Israel’s Haifa University; Sam Fleischacker, a philosophy professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago; Alan Wolfe of Boston College; Alan Weisbard of the University of Wisconsin; Rebecca Lesses from Ithaca College; Joe Lockard from Arizona State University; Zachary Braiterman from Syracuse University; Irene Tucker from the University of California, Irvine; Michael Kazin, coeditor of Dissent and professor of history at Georgetown University; Steven Zipperstein from Stanford University; Jeffry Mallow of Loyola University; Rachel Brenner of the University of Wisconsin; Chaim Seidler-Feller of UCLA; Jonathan Malino of Guilford College; Miriam Kastner of UC at San Diego; Barbara Risman from the University of Illinois and Ernst Benjamin, an independent scholar.


  • « الأجنحة المتكسِّرة » | الأخبار
    http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/221499

    Pas besoin de connaître l’arabe pour voir les belles et aussi terribles photos de Steve McCurry sur la violence dont sont victimes les travailleuses asiatiques. Apparemment, seul Al-Akhbar, journal atrocement pro-iranien, a souhaité les publier dans le monde arabe.

    http://www.al-akhbar.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/465img/files/images/articles/p28_20141209_pic4.jpg


  • « مجلس التعاون الخليجي » يتجه لتشكيل حلف عسكري عربيّ
    http://www.alquds.co.uk/?p=262173

    «مجلس التعاون الخليجي» يتجه لتشكيل حلف عسكري عربيّ

    على غرار «الناتو» ويضم الأردن والمغرب ومصر

    Le monde arabe avance vers l’unité. Après avoir sèchement fermé la porte au nez,en 2011, des (pourtant) monarchies (Jordanie, Maroc) qui souhaitaient profiter des largesses du club des très riches arabes, ledit Conseil de coopération du Golfe les invite aujourd’hui... mais juste pour qu’ils veuillent bien faire profiter de leurs trouffions des pays souvent très riches mais pas forcément très peuplés (ou alors de citoyens pas fiables).

    Les "Printemps arabe" est passé par là...

    • http://afriqueinside.com/maroc-au-secours-du-golfe-apres-abu-dhabi-riyad03112014

      Tandis que se redessinent les réseaux d’influence dans le golfe, Rabat ne peut se permettre de rester en retrait. Après les Emirats Arabes Unis qui entretient d’étroites relations avec Rabat, le Maroc pourrait voler « officiellement » au secours de l’Arabie Saoudite qui reste très préoccupé par le risque de déstabilisation du pays par l’Etat islamique. En témoigne, la clôture ultra-moderne longue de 900 km le séparant de l’Irak et construite pour prévenir contre les infiltrations de groupes armées. Au regard là encore de ses relations privilégiées avec Riyad, l’engagement du royaume chérifien sur le sol saoudien menacé par l’activisme des groupes djihadistes dans le golfe semble tout naturel. Allié de toujours, l’Arabie Saoudite est sur le point de vaciller face à la menace de l’Etat islamique aux portes du pays. Riyad prend soin de s’équiper en armement mais ne dispose d’aucune force militaire capable de défendre la pétromonarchie.


  • CIA cited Israeli Supreme Court rulings to justify torture, Senate report says -
    ’Israeli example’ cited as possible justification for use of torture when interrogating terror suspects ’where there is no other available means to prevent the harm’ they might inflict.
    By Anshel Pfeffer | Dec. 9, 2014 | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.630823

    The scathing report published Tuesday by the United States Senate Intelligence Committee on the CIA’s interrogation of terror suspects reveals that the CIA’s lawyers used the rulings of Israel’s Supreme Court to construct a legal case justifying torture.

    According to the 528-page document, a redacted version of the 6,000-page report that remains classified, in November 2001 some CIA officers were concerned they may need legal justification for the interrogation methods they had begun using when questioning Al-Qaida suspects in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.

    In a draft memorandum prepared by the CIA’s Office of General Counsel, the “Israeli example” was cited as a possible justification that “torture was necessary to prevent imminent, significant, physical harm to persons, where there is no other available means to prevent the harm.”

    The “Israeli example” refers to the conclusions of the Landau Commission in 1987 and subsequent Supreme Court rulings that forbid Israel’s security services from using torture in interrogation of terror suspects, but allows the use of “moderate physical pressure” in cases which are classified as a “ticking bomb,” when there is an urgent need to obtain information which could prevent an imminent terror attack.

    Over the years, Israeli human rights organizations led by the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel have petitioned the Supreme Court a number of times, and succeeded in outlawing various interrogation methods which the Shin Bet continued to use.

    In 2005, as members of the U.S. Congress began asking more questions regarding the CIA’s “enhanced interrogation techniques,” the intelligence agency began planning a public-relations campaign to drum up support for its methods.

    According to the Senate Intelligence Committee, the CIA attorney preparing the campaign “described the ’striking’ similarities between the public debate surrounding the McCain amendment (a congressional act passed in December 2005 regulating interrogation methods) and the situation in Israel in 1999, in which the Israeli Supreme Court had ’ruled that several... techniques were possibly permissible, but require some form of legislative sanction,’ and that the Israeli government ultimately got limited legislative authority for a few specific techniques.”

    The CIA attorney also referred to the Israeli Supreme Court’s “ticking time bomb” scenario and said that “enhanced techniques could not be preapproved for such situations, but that if worse came to worse, an officer who engaged in such activities could assert a common-law necessity defense, if he were ever prosecuted.”

    An Al-Qaida plot? 

    Israel is mentioned in one other connection in the redacted version of the report. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the Al-Qaida operative who planned the 9/11 attacks, was captured by the CIA and the Pakistani intelligence service and was tortured in his interrogations. According to the report, Mohammed told his interrogators about plans by Al-Qaida to carry out attacks on various targets including “an Israeli embassy in the Middle East,” among other information. 

    While Israel has Middle East embassies only in Egypt and Jordan, in another place, the report says that Mohammed spoke of “a terrorist plot in Saudi Arabia against Israel.” Israel has no diplomatic relations with the Saudis, though there is a great deal of coordination between the two countries beneath the radar. It is unclear what Israeli target the CIA claim that Al-Qaida were planning to attack, but the report also says that “much of this (Mohammed’s) information was inaccurate.”


  • The goal: to expel as many Palestinians from their land as possible -
    Forced relocation plan decrees overcrowding for West Bank Bedouin. Nearby Jewish settlements, meanwhile, sprawl free.
    By Amira Hass | Dec. 8, 2014 |Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/.premium-1.630522

    Pages upon pages came out of the fax machine at the Civil Administration’s Central Planning Bureau on Wednesday. They contained objections to the establishment of a Bedouin township to be named Talet Nueima (in Hebrew, Ramat Nueima) north of Jericho, which is slated for 12,500 people. This comes on top of objections sent in by registered mail and email.

    The Civil Administration subcommittee that deals with such objections will have to read more than 200 objections. Opponents of the plan include Bedouin from the Kaabneh and Jahalin tribes, whom the Civil Administration plans to expel from their homes and resettle in the township together with the Rashaida tribe which is already based in the area. Jericho and nearby Palestinian villages object to the plan as well.

    The objectors are represented by the Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Center; Bimkom – Planners for Planning Rights; the Association for Civil Rights in Israel; and attorneys Sliman Shahin, Basem Karajeh, Tawfek Jabarin and Shlomo Lecker.

    An oft-repeated objection is that the Civil Administration drafted the Talet Nueima plan without consulting the Bedouin or the Palestinian communities in the area, and without taking their needs into consideration.

    Dozens of private individuals and activists in Israel/Palestine and abroad have also sent in standard objections to the plan.

    The Hebrew standard objection states, among other things, that: “The plan disregards the cultural characteristics of Bedouin society – including the division of the family complex, to which entrance is highly restricted.” The objections note that the families “take great care to guard their privacy, and the privacy of women in particular.”

    According to this argument: “Allowing this part of their culture to exist requires spatial planning that completely contradicts what the plan contains. Instead of small two-family lots of a half dunam each, the lots must be much larger and include a residential portion alongside a large area that will let family members keep their flocks near their places of residence.” This means at least three dunams (0.7 acres), instead of a quarter dunam, per family.

    The plan was preceded by the state’s decades-old policy of uprooting the Bedouin in the West Bank (most of them refugees expelled from the Negev after 1948) by reducing the space available to them, demolishing their shacks and blocking their access to water and markets. The Civil Administration even considers the tarps that protect them from the rain illegal construction and confiscates them.

    To solve the problem of the Bedouin’s subhuman living conditions, which as everybody knows came out of the blue, along comes the compassionate Talet Nueima plan (which is comprised of four detailed master plans and two additional plans for roads).

    In a letter to attorney Shlomo Lecker, Capt. Yaniv Ya’ari, a consulting officer in the military legal adviser’s office in the West Bank, wrote: “The plan ... was prepared to create a suitable planning solution that took the population’s needs into account ... in accordance with proper planning principles .... Contrary to your claim, several meetings and hearings have taken place in recent years in which your clients and you were given full opportunity to have your say to present alternative solutions for the area’s inhabitants – the members of the Bedouin population.

    According to Ya’ari, “As far as we are concerned, the fact that these talks did not result in agreements is no indication of unwillingness to include the community in the planning process, but only of the regional authorities’ position that the rationale and planning of the proposed programs was preferable to those that you proposed.”

    The objection by Bimkom reveals significant shortcomings in planning (on top of the original sin of forced relocation).

    It’s possible these shortcomings are innocent mistakes – such as the assumption that the Bedouin’s basic organizational unit is the nuclear, not the extended family, or that the size of the average Bedouin nuclear family is 5.6 people, not the actual 7.1. It’s also possible that because of human error, there are crude discrepancies in the various parts of the plan, which also includes the demolition of already-existing homes of the Rashaida tribe.

    Plans ‘lack of sensitivity’

    But is the planning of a very wide road right through a village, to be used mainly for military purposes (access to the nearby army base or training ground) a mistake?

    Bimkom says this road “embodies the plan’s lack of sensitivity and brings into sharp focus the plan’s functionalist aspect, which justifies the substandard planning that forces the Bedouin, with their families and flocks, to crowd into closed and narrow boxes stuck close together, and puts a military road, on which weapons of war will be traveling, in the middle.”

    Are the tiny lots allocated for the construction of public buildings a “mistake” as well? According to Bimkom experts, the plan allocates 3.4 square meters of public buildings per person: roughly one-third of the 10 square meters accepted for ultra-Orthodox Jewish families – and ultra-Orthodox and Bedouin families are about the same size.

    By comparison, the new plans for the two settlements in the area has set aside several times more space for public buildings: 80.7 square meters per person in Beit Ha’arava and 449 (!) square meters per person in Almog’s new neighborhood.

    This “mistake” reflects the Civil Administration’s raison d’etre and activity in the West Bank: to expel as many Palestinians as possible from as much Palestinian land as possible. Then crowd them into as tiny an area as possible to give Jews as much space, comfort, convenience and quality of life as possible.


  • Sur les ailes du dragon | Lieve Joris
    http://www.actes-sud.fr/catalogue/litterature-etrangere/sur-les-ailes-du-dragon

    http://www.actes-sud.fr/sites/default/files/couv_jpg/9782330034733.jpg

    va-et-vient entre #Dubaï, la #Chine, l’#Afrique_du_Sud et le #Congo afin de rencontrer Africains et Chinois – pour tenter de comprendre leurs échanges, leurs singulières trajectoires de commerce, qui depuis des années se prolongent, se complexifient, s’affinent et s’étendent de Kinshasa et Lagos à Guangzhou et Beijing en passant par Dubaï, construisant le nouvel empire de la mondialisation


  • Il faut parler d’antisémitisme avec rigueur
    Le Monde.fr | 05.12.2014 à 15h40 | Par Nonna Mayer (Politiste et sociologue, Centre d’études européennes - Sciences Po - Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
    En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2014/12/05/il-faut-parler-d-antisemitisme-avec-rigueur_4535515_3232.html#XTOsIZQxy4AHEA
    http://abonnes.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2014/12/05/il-faut-parler-d-antisemitisme-avec-rigueur_4535515_3232.html?xtmc=i

    Dix ans après le rapport Rufin sur l’antisémitisme, dans un contexte marqué par la recrudescence des violences et des menaces à l’égard des juifs de France, un double sondage, rendu public le 14 novembre, commandé à l’IFOP par la Fondation pour l’innovation politique (Fondapol), entend apporter de « nouveaux éclairages sur l’antisémitisme »(Le Monde du 15 novembre). La première enquête a été administrée en ligne auprès d’un échantillon de 1 005 personnes représentatif des Français âgés de 16 ans et plus ; la seconde, en face-à-face, sur un échantillon de 575 personnes « nées dans une famille de religion musulmane », française ou non, âgées de 16 ans et plus. Pour le directeur général de la Fondapol, Dominique Reynié, les résultats confirment la persistance d’un niveau élevé de préjugés antijuifs chez les électeurs et sympathisants du Front national, battant en brèche l’idée d’une « normalisation du parti », et l’émergence d’un « nouvel antisémitisme » parmi les musulmans vivant en France. L’enquête pose toutefois un certain nombre de problèmes, surtout au niveau du sondage auprès des musulmans.

    Ses effectifs, d’abord, incitent à la prudence. La fiabilité d’un sondage repose sur le nombre de personnes interrogées. Sur un échantillon aléatoire de 4 000, l’intervalle de confiance pour une opinion qui recueillerait 55 % d’approbation est de plus ou moins 1,5 %, il monte à plus ou moins 3,2 % pour un effectif de 1 000, et plus ou moins 4,5 % pour un effectif de 500. Quand une courte majorité des musulmans interrogés (51 %) approuve l’opinion selon laquelle « les juifs ont trop de pouvoir dans le domaine de la politique », la proportion réelle peut varier de 46,5 % à 55,5 %.

    La seconde difficulté tient à la construction d’un échantillon représentatif de la population musulmane. Il existe deux types de techniques : l’échantillonnage aléatoire (tirage au sort de numéros de téléphone, d’adresses, etc.), où toutes les personnes appartenant à la population cible ont les mêmes chances d’être interrogées, ou l’échantillonnage sur quotas. Dans ce dernier cas, il suffit que la structure de l’échantillon (par âge, sexe, profession, catégorie d’agglomération) corresponde à celle de la population cible. Encore faut-il la connaître. Or on ne connaît précisément ni l’effectif ni la structure socio-démographique de la population « musulmane », en raison de l’interdit qui frappe encore la collecte de statistiques dites « ethniques » en France.

    C’est tout sauf clair
    L’IFOP a donc procédé par « quotas indicatifs », en se fondant sur « des statistiques de l’Insee sur l’immigration en France et des données empiriques observées sur la population d’origine musulmane dans ses enquêtes nationales ». C’est tout sauf clair. On voudrait bien connaître ces quotas, et comment on peut extrapoler de la population « immigrée » (définie par l’Insee comme personne née étrangère à l’étranger et résidant en France) à la population « musulmane », notamment ses deuxièmes et troisièmes générations, françaises, car nées en France ?

    Plus préoccupant encore, le fait que le questionnaire ait été administré « dans la rue » contrevient aux règles habituelles de passation d’un sondage. Un entretien exige calme et respect de la confidentialité des propos, surtout sur un sujet aussi sensible. Les personnes qui sont « dans la rue » pendant la journée ont un profil bien particulier – jeunes, retraités, femmes au foyer, inactifs –, non représentatif de celui de la population dans son ensemble. Et s’il s’agit d’interroger des musulmans, comment ces personnes ont-elles été sélectionnées ? Dans certains quartiers ? Sur la base de signes religieux extérieurs (foulard, barbe) ? Au faciès ? Dans tous les cas, cela pose de redoutables problèmes tant méthodologiques qu’éthiques.

    LE CHOIX DE RÉPONSES POSSIBLES DU SONDAGE NE PERMET PAS À LA PERSONNE INTERROGÉE DE NUANCER SON ACCORD
    La manière de formuler les questions est également inhabituelle. Leur indicateur principal d’antisémitisme propose six stéréotypes antisémites pour lesquels la personne interrogée doit juste dire si elle est d’accord ou non (« Les juifs utilisent aujourd’hui dans leur propre intérêt leur statut de victime du génocide nazi pendant la seconde guerre mondiale » ; « Les juifs ont trop de pouvoir dans le domaine de l’économie et de la finance » ; « Les juifs ont trop de pouvoir dans le domaine des médias » ; « Les juifs ont trop de pouvoir dans le domaine de la politique  » ; « Il existe un complot sioniste à l’échelle mondiale » ; « Les juifs, ces responsables de la crise économique actuelle »), et le degré de préjugé est mesuré par le nombre de réponses positives, de 0 (pas du tout antisémite) à 6 (très antisémite).

    La méthode a le mérite de la simplicité, mais elle a deux défauts. Tous les stéréotypes sont formulés sur le mode négatif. Or on sait depuis l’étude pionnière de Theodor Adorno sur La Personnalité autoritaire (Allia, 2007) qu’il faut présenter en alternance opinions négatives et positives sur la minorité dont on étudie l’image, pour éviter le biais d’acquiescement systématique (« yes saying »). D’autre part, le choix de réponses possibles ne permet pas à la personne interrogée de nuancer son accord. On ne peut donc saisir une dimension essentielle de toute attitude, son intensité, comme le permet la formulation habituelle : « Diriez-vous que vous êtes tout à fait d’accord, plutôt d’accord, plutôt pas d’accord ou pas d’accord du tout avec l’opinion suivante ? »

    Enfin, les données de sondages ne livrent leur sens que dans le croisement systématique des questions entre elles. La méthodologie adoptée interdit d’estimer le niveau d’antisémitisme des musulmans toutes choses égales par ailleurs, par comparaison avec celui des non-musulmans, à sexe, âge, diplôme équivalents. Et la faiblesse des effectifs interdit d’explorer systématiquement la diversité interne de cette population, en fonction de la nationalité, du pays d’origine des parents, de la génération, du milieu social.

    De vieux clichés qui perdurent
    A ces critiques d’ordre méthodologique s’ajoute une interrogation plus générale sur la pertinence du concept de « nouvel antisémitisme ». Central dans la note, il n’est défini que par allusion au rapport Rufin (« Chantier sur la lutte contre le racisme et l’antisémitisme, 2004 ») et aux travaux de Pierre-André Taguieff. Si l’on se fie à l’ouvrage de ce dernier sur La Nouvelle Judéophobie (Mille et une nuits, 2002), il y voit un antisémitisme masqué derrière la critique d’Israël et du sionisme, au nom de l’antiracisme et des droits de l’homme, et porté tant par l’islamisme radical que par les idéologies tiers-mondistes d’extrême gauche.

    TOUS LES STÉRÉOTYPES ANTISÉMITES SONT FORMULÉS SUR LE MODE NÉGATIF
    Or l’enquête de la Fondapol montre le contraire. Comme le souligne déjà le sondage annuel de la Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme sur le racisme, l’antisémitisme et la xénophobie, c’est à l’extrême droite que le niveau d’antisémitisme reste le plus élevé ; chez les sympathisants des Verts qu’il est le plus bas. Quant aux questions sur le sionisme, elles n’évoquent rien pour une part importante des personnes interrogées, si l’on en juge par le niveau particulièrement élevé des « sans-réponse » (de 42 % à 46 %). Ce sont les vieux clichés sur les juifs liés au pouvoir et plus encore à l’argent qui perdurent, tant dans la population musulmane que non musulmane.

    Un sujet aussi sensible exigeait la plus grande rigueur. Loin d’éclairer les transformations de l’antisémitisme en France, ce sondage les obscurcit. C’est d’autant plus dommage que d’autres méthodes existent dont il aurait pu s’inspirer. Pourquoi ne pas avoir répliqué plutôt avec l’enquête pionnière de Sylvain Brouard et Vincent Tiberj, Français comme les autres ? (Presses de Sciences Po, 2005) ? A partir d’un tirage aléatoire de 28 000 numéros de téléphone, elle sélectionne un échantillon représentatif de trois générations de Français issus de l’immigration maghrébine, africaine et turque, soit 1 003 personnes dont 60 % se définissent comme musulmanes, et un échantillon miroir représentatif de la population française. La comparaison des réponses, notamment sur l’image d’Israël et des juifs, l’antisémitisme, est passionnante et la méthodologie autrement plus robuste !

    Nonna Mayer (Politiste et sociologue, Centre d’études européennes - Sciences Po - Centre national de la recherche scientifique)


  • Un vendredi en Palestine

    Les forces israéliennes tirent et blessent deux Palestiniens à Gaza
    | Maan News Agency - 05/12/2014
    http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=745054

    GAZA CITY (Ma’an) — Israeli forces shot and injured two Palestinians Friday evening in the northern Gaza Strip, a health official said.

    Ashraf al-Qidra, spokesman for the Ministry of Health, said two men in their twenties suffered moderate injuries after being shot in the legs by Israeli soldiers east of Jabalia.

    They were taken to the Kamal Adwan hospital in Beit Lahiya for treatment.

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    Des colons abattent 50 oliviers dans un village proche de Naplouse
    05/12/2014- http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=745034

    NABLUS (Ma’an) — Settlers cut down over 50 olive trees in the Nablus village of Aqraba on Friday, Palestinian official Ghassan Daghlas said.

    Settlers from Elon Moreh, located east of Nablus, attacked Aqraba and cut down 50 olive trees from the Juhr al-Dik area of the village.

    The trees belonged to Said Bani Jame.

    Several other trees were damaged during the attack, Daghlas added.

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    Un adolescent de Gaza grièvement blessé par l’explosion de munitions israéliennes
    05/12/2014 - http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=745020

    GAZA CITY (Ma’an) — A Palestinian teenager in Gaza was injured on Friday after an Israeli ordnance exploded near Rafah, a health ministry official said.

    Ashraf al-Qidra, spokesman of the Ministry of Health, told Ma’an that the unidentified 14-year-old had surgery to amputate the fingers on his right hand following the explosion.

    He is now in a stable condition at hospital.

    “““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    Un cameraman palestinien blessé par un tir des forces israéliennes lors d’une manifestation à Qalqiliya

    QALQILIYA (Ma’an) — A Palestinian cameraman was shot in the leg on Friday by Israeli forces while covering clashes in the Qalqiliya village of Kafr Qaddum.

    Bashar Nazzal, a cameraman with Palestine TV, was hit in the leg by live fire and taken to a local hospital for treatment.

    The bullet reportedly shattered the bone in his leg.

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    .......

    Israeli forces raid home of Ma’an reporter in Jerusalem
    http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=744731


  • Qu’est-ce que la Palestine ?
    En maximum 2.000 signes, pas évident... Voici l’essai
    De quoi la Palestine est-elle le nom ? De la dépossession, d’abord. Entre les deux guerres mondiales, on a « vendu » aux Juifs de la diaspora en proie à l’antisémitisme et en quête d’un Etat « une terre sans peuple pour un peuple sans terre ». Sauf qu’il y avait un peuple, les Palestiniens. Dont l’identité nationale n’était certes pas affirmée à 100%. Le mandat britannique (1920-1948) et l’immigration juive vont ancrer, galvaniser cette identité, que seuls quelques extrémistes osent encore nier.
    D’exil forcé en défaites militaires arabes, les Palestiniens sous l’égide de l’Organisation de libération de la Palestine ont finalement accepté en 1988 de ne réclamer pour bâtir leur Etat que 22% de la Palestine historique, à savoir les territoires conquis par Israël en 1967 (Jérusalem-Est, la Cisjordanie et la bande de Gaza).
    Mais face à la toute-puissance militaire et économique d’Israël, Etat conforté par l’aide des Etats-Unis et la bienveillance de l’Europe, les Palestiniens en sont réduits, depuis 1991, à négocier ce qu’ils pourraient sauver de ces 22%. Car Israël, pour des raisons dites de sécurité mais souvent aussi religieuses, n’entend céder que le minimum dans tous les dossiers comme le retour des réfugiés (c’est un « niet » israélien total, mais le droit international dit autre chose), le partage de Jérusalem (idem) ou les colonies (illégales, elles grignotent et rongent les territoires occupés, rendant l’émergence d’un Etat palestinien quasiment impossible).
    Malgré la radicalisation d’une partie non négligeable du public palestinien frustré qui entend les sirènes islamistes parfois extrémistes, l’ensemble de la planète Terre s’est résolu au XXIe siècle à soutenir la création d’un Etat palestinien. Avec l’injustice fondamentale du sort des Palestiniens de plus en plus difficile à cacher, les excès israéliens sont largement responsables de cette prise de conscience : des interventions armées aux moyens disproportionnés ont choqué le monde au Liban (1982), face aux intifadas (révoltes) des populations occupées (celle de 1987 et celle de 2000), à Gaza en 2008 et 2014.
    En l’absence de pressions dignes de ce nom sur l’occupant israélien, la question palestinienne continuera longtemps encore à hanter les esprits.
    BAUDOUIN LOOS
    "Le Soir" du 4 décembre 2014
    #BaudouinLoos #journalisme #Palestine #Freepalestine


  • ▶ FRANCE 24 The Interview - Yehuda Shaul, Co-founder, ’Breaking the Silence’ - YouTube

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXiMyQkCPfI#t=107

    It’s not easy being a whistleblower; least of all an Israeli soldier who decides to go public about his or her time serving in the Palestinian Territories. “Breaking the Silence” is an Israeli organisation that offers soldiers the opportunity to voice their testimonies. Its co-founder, Yehuda Shaul, talks to Annette Young about how they aim to expose the harsh realities of the Occupation to fellow Israelis.

    #breaking_the_silence


  • Elbit Systems perd un marché essentiel après des manifestations pour la Palestine au Brésil

    http://www.bdsfrance.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3438%3Aelbit-systems-perd-un

    L’État brésilien du Rio Grande do Sul a annulé un important accord de coopération avec la société militaire israélienne Elbit Systems, suite à des manifestations dénonçant le rôle de l’entreprise dans l’oppression des Palestiniens.

    Les mouvements sociaux et les syndicats brésiliens, avec des groupes palestiniens, ont demandé aux autorités d’annuler l’accord en raison du rôle d’Elbit dans la construction par Israël du Mur illégal d’apartheid en Cisjordanie occupée et de sa relation étroite avec l’armée israélienne.

    Tarson Nuñéz, coordinateur du département Relations internationales du gouvernement du Rio Grande do Sul, a présenté ainsi cette décision du gouvernement :

    « Notre gouvernement a toujours donné une place centrale à la promotion de la paix et des droits de l’homme, et il considère que les exigences des mouvements sociaux et de voix importantes doivent être entendues. L’annonce d’aujourd’hui en est une conséquence logique. »

    Les drones fournis par Elbit Systems ont été testés pendant l’agression récente d’Israël contre Gaza qui a tué plus de 2100 Palestiniens, et le prix de l’action Elbit est monté depuis le massacre, les investisseurs anticipant une hausse des commandes d’une technologie qui fut utilisée pour la première fois durant les attaques.

    Le gouverneur du Rio Grande do Suyl, Tarso Genro, avait signé en avril 2013 un accord de coopération en matière de recherche qui faisait d’Elbit la première société militaire israélienne à diriger des projets militaires brésiliens. Elbit devait avoir accès à un financement public et à des technologies produites par quatre universités locales. Les manifestations qui se sont déroulées et le manque de soutien fédéral ont affaibli le projet. Dans sa lettre ouverte, Genro déclare le protocole d’entente « vide de sens ».

    Un projet de 17 millions de dollars pour la construction d’un satellite militaire fait partie des projets annulés par l’annonce de mardi.

    L’annonce a été reçue comme une victoire essentielle pour le mouvement de boycott, désinvestissement et sanctions (BDS), une campagne à direction palestinienne qui recherche l’isolement d’Israël sur le plan international, du style de celui de l’Afrique du Sud.

    #BDS


  • The Palestinian left straddled between Fatah’s ‘paradise’ and Hamas’ ‘fire’ | Al Akhbar English
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/palestinian-left-straddled-between-fatah%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%98parad

    Most left-wing factions have laid down their arms, though they were the pioneers of armed resistance from the early 1960s. However, the PFLP’s alignment with the armed resistance was demonstrated clearly in the recent war on Gaza. Years had passed since its attempt to assassinate Israeli Tourism Minister Reham Zeevi (October 17, 2001), but the PFLP was the first to break the truce and respond to the Occupation’s assaults, with al-Quds Brigades (Islamic Jihad), before the outbreak of war.

    Rabah Muhanna explains that that the PFLP in the recent round took part in resistance using appropriate tactics commensurate with its limited financial capabilities, saying these need to be expanded as the PFLP has proven it had not abandoned armed resistance. Muhanna recalled that the seventh national conference had stressed the rejection of the Oslo regime, its repercussions, and current political polarization.

    Regarding the absence of the left, Muhanna attributes this to the lack of a unified leftist framework with a clear vision versus the bipolarity of Fatah and Hamas as well as other factors. He continued, “As is known, the influential leaders of the left are in the prisons of the occupation. But internal change is happening, albeit slowly.”


  • Update: Prosecutor accuses MB of faking leaked SCAF recording |
    Friday, December 5, 2014 Mada Masr
    http://www.madamasr.com/news/update-prosecutor-accuses-mb-faking-leaked-scaf-recording

    Audio recordings of a purported phone conversation between Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) members Mamdouh Shahin and Osama al-Gendy were circulated on the Islamist Mekameleen (We shall continue) channel and the pro-Brotherhood Al Jazeera Mubasher Misr satellite channel.

    In the conversation, Shahin tells Gendy that the criminal charges against ousted President Mohamed Morsi could be dismissed, because he was illegally detained by the Armed Forces between July 3 and July 7, 2013 as the military announced his deposition from power.

    After massive protests calling for the end of Morsi’s rule on June 30, 2013, the military stepped in to announce his ouster and the appointment of an alternative government on July 4. Since then, Morsi and a number of his aides were held incommunicado at an undisclosed military premise. He only emerged publicly months later, appearing in court to face several charges in different cases, most notably an espionage case and a case of killing protesters near the Ettehadiya Presidential Palace during anti-regime protests in 2012.


  • No matter how far right Israel moves, Abbas stays the course - Palestinian leader’s gradualist strategy, blocking nonviolent protest against occupation, is endlessly adaptable to Israeli radicalization.
    By Amira Hass | Dec. 5, 2014 |Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.630120

    The growing extremism in Israel and the assumption that the next government will be even more rightist and extreme than the outgoing one are not likely to change the Palestinian leadership’s positions and tactics. Nor is the prevalent assumption that the caretaker government will take a harsher line against the Palestinians expected to encourage the leadership in Ramallah to change the rules that have developed over the 21 years of the Oslo process.

    Since Yigal Amir murdered Yitzhak Rabin in 1995, the Palestinian leadership has distinguished between the Israeli government and the public, believing Israelis to be peace seekers. Now the Palestinian leadership recognizes that most Jewish Israelis have rightist or extreme rightist inclinations. This constitutes a dramatic change in the discourse at the top.

    Palestinian Authority Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki predicted that the changes in Israel will bring other states or parliaments to recognize the Palestinian state. In an interview with the official daily Al Ayyam this week, Maliki said the Palestinian leadership will continue efforts to have the UN Security Council set a timetable to end the occupation.

    Palestinian official Saeb Erekat, who attended a debate organized by Masarat – the Palestinian Center for Policy Research and Strategic Studies in Ramallah, also spoke of the diplomatic UN track. This includes bringing the occupation to UN votes and getting the nearly 200 states that have signed the Geneva Convention to take up the Palestinian issue.

    He said Palestinian officials were engaged in talks with France about advancing the latter’s initiative to set principles for ending the occupation and concluding peace negotiations within two years.

    According to the Masarat report, participants noted the contradiction between setting a schedule to conclude the negotiations and setting a schedule in the United Nations to end the occupation. The two senior officials in fact spoke of contradictory tracks. The Palestinians see negotiations as synonymous with preserving the status quo, postponing any decisions and giving up on real international pressure on Israel.

    On the other hand, the diplomatic route – “setting a timetable to end the occupation” – as is practiced by the Palestinian leadership, excludes other ways of defying the occupation that would bind the leadership and public.

    The policy led by PA President Mahmoud Abbas is based on several foundations. These include running the PA and its institutions as the “state in progress”; dependence on international – mainly Western – assistance and faith in the United States’ support for establishing a Palestinian state; an authoritarian government that restricts criticism; opposing any military escalation and the use of arms against the occupation; paying lip service to an unarmed popular struggle while in fact restricting it and promoting a diplomatic strategy in the United Nations and the world.

    These foundations fit in with the Palestinians’ adjustment to living in the enclaves (areas A and B in the West Bank and Gaza) and bolster the de facto renunciation of East Jerusalem and Area C (which includes the settlements). Combined, the foundations are conducive to a high level of adjustment – of both the official leadership and the public – to any Israeli right-wing radicalization.

    The Palestinian public is skeptical about its leadership’s goals and intentions. The question always hovering in the air is whether Abbas’ diplomatic strategy is intended to end the occupation, or to prolong the PA life and justify its existence, with all the perks for the ruling strata that this involves.

    The same questions were posed regarding the leadership’s long-standing adherence to the negotiations with Israel, even after reaching the conclusion that Israel was using the talks not to reach an agreement but to expand the annexation and thwart a Palestinian state.

    Pinning hopes on diplomacy, UN

    Indeed, the Palestinian leadership is pinning its hopes on diplomacy and the United Nations. It is striving to take the “Palestinian cause” (rather, the problem of Israeli occupation and oppression) out of the bilateral Israeli-Palestinian route and return it to the international arena. So every ceremonial vote on recognizing its statehood is presented as a great Palestinian achievement.

    The leadership believes the diplomatic course is working and advancing the Palestinians toward statehood. At the same time, the diplomatic strategy is a substitute for unarmed civilian rebellion in the occupied territories.

    Advancing a diplomatic strategy while maintaining ambiguity about resuming the negotiations with Israel enables the PA to continue to receive international assistance, albeit reduced. The assistance balances and neutralizes the economic and humanitarian disasters caused by the occupation and its draconian restrictions on freedom of movement between the West Bank and Gaza and the use of Palestinian territory and natural resources.

    The financial assistance softens and contains the impact of poverty and unemployment. The money also enables the Western states to make do with verbal warnings to Israel, while refraining from actually imposing sanctions on it.

    The international funds maintain the Palestinian middle classes and public sector that are directly and indirectly affiliated with the PA. Like the official leadership, these groups know full well that civilian rebellion will bring an end to their lifestyle, which includes freedom of movement in the West Bank and travel abroad, leisure activities, study options, social and political gatherings, limited economic enterprises and more.

    Such a way of life is based on basic human rights. But since the PA is in fact a protectorate that depends on Israel, Israel holds this way of life hostage, seeing these human rights as “gestures” that depend, as in prison, on the prisoners’ good behavior.

    Any changes the Palestinians can make in the long overdue Oslo agreements to reflect their resistance to the occupation will evoke immediate Israeli retaliation against the Palestinian leaders and the normal lifestyle of the middle class, which is the authority’s backbone. Such changes by the PA may include ending the security coordination with the IDF and Shin Bet, building in Area C, drilling for water in the western areas of the West Bank or organizing mass processions to Jerusalem headed by Palestinian elders.

    So the PA leadership’s declarations about continuing the diplomatic course in the United Nations should be seen in the shadow of a collective Israeli revenge and the prospect of the PA’s collapse. The UN diplomatic course indicates that even when an extreme-right wing is taking over in Israel, the Palestinian leadership is still adhering to the reality created by the Oslo process.


  • The Battle of Egyptian Football Fans Against Dullness |
    by Dalia Abd El-Hameed | published December 3, 2014 Middle East Research and Information Project

    http://www.merip.org/battle-egyptian-football-fans-against-dullness

    Ultras, or organized groups of football fans, represented an influential faction of the Egyptian revolutionary multitude in 2011. The ultras’ long experience of street fights with police at stadiums aided the revolutionaries in achieving many victories over riot cops in the early days of the January 25 uprising and subsequently. And the ultras’ combat prowess was not their only contribution to the uprising. More important was the carnivalesque character of their resistance, which transformed the protest scene into something more colorful, vital, choreographed and performative.

    In the years since the January 25 uprising, the state has taken punitive measures against all of the main participants. Journalists find themselves persecuted, detained and even killed; human rights defenders are defamed and threatened, their activities restricted; political activists are detained without charge or, when indicted, subjected to harsh penalties in trials described as travesties of justice. All of this is happening amidst a sweeping crackdown on gender and religious non-conformists.


  • Fallait-il tuer Kadhafi ?, par Jean Ping
    http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2014/08/PING/50709

    L’élimination de Mouammar Kadhafi, le 20 octobre 2011, a signifié la fin de son régime despotique, mais pas celle du chaos en Libye. Les dégâts collatéraux des raids aériens occidentaux affectent aujourd’hui tous les riverains du Sahara. Afin d’éviter un tel désastre, l’Union africaine avait proposé une solution politique, en passe d’aboutir au moment de l’intervention étrangère ; ce dont témoigne un acteur de premier plan.