• #Palestine #2008 - #2009 / Gaza 22 (pendant #Plomb_durci)
    http://www.larevuedesressources.org/palestine-2008-2009-gaza-22-pendant-plomb-durci,2739.html

    Gaza 22 est chronologiquement la première des deux œuvres co-réalisées sur la Palestine occupée et sur Gaza par le vidéaste italien #Simone_Camilli, à la fois artiste et journaliste. Celle-ci est un documentaire de création qui compose des prises des deux camps en train de s’affronter et selon les divers endroits de la Palestine et de Gaza les réactions, pendant l’offensive Plomb durci, en 2008-2009, (la plus meurtrière de toutes jusqu’à #Bordure_protectrice, cette année). Simone Camilli était aussi le (...)

    Productions Vidéo & Cinéma

    / #Cinéma_documentaire, #Hommage, #Journalisme, Palestine, #Israël, #Guerre_coloniale, 2008, Bordure protectrice, Simone Camilli, #Ali_Abu_Afash, #Rahed_Taysir_al-Hom, Associated Press (AP), Dan Balilty, #Arts_visuels, 2009, #Jérusalem_Est, #East_Jabalya, Gaza (...)

    #Productions_Vidéo_&_Cinéma_ #Associated_Press_AP_ #_Dan_Balilty #Gaza_ville #Bande_de_Gaza #Apartheid #ArtLab


  • # PALESTINE /// When the Walls Fall: A Lexicon for a Future Palestinian Narrative

    I started writing this article when the ceasefire in #Gaza was still active and that, for the first time in 4 weeks, no one was killed for three days. As argued in a recent article, we need to put as much energy in critiquing the ordinary violence of the blockade on Gaza and the occupation in East Jerusalem and the West Bank than the one we have spent in our outrage to the recent massacre. The language we use for our political struggles informs the degree of resistance that it offers to the dominant narrative as Mimi Thi Nguyen have been arguing in the determining of figures of innocence (see past article and conversation on Archipelago). The Palestinian narrative for the future therefore needs to be carefully constructed depending on the vision at which it is aiming. Such prospects are always problematic, as they touch the delicate realms of “solutions,” which should be thought not as “ends of history,” but rather, within their own reconfiguration of relations of power. Since I already presented a speculative map of what the future of the region could (should?) be like, I would like to complement it now by proposing an inventory of terms we would need to use (i.e. the narrative we would need to convey) if we were to move towards such a future.

    http://thefunambulistdotnet.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/when-the-walls-fall-leopold-lambert-funambulist-2014.jpg
    http://thefunambulist.net/2014/08/08/palestine-when-the-walls-fall-a-lexicon-for-a-future-palestinian-nar

    #mur #barrière_frontalière #Israël #Gaza #Palestine #Cisjordanie #apartheid #ségrégation #racisme #état_d'émergence


  • « Israël vise l’annexion de la Cisjordanie et la consolidation du système d’apartheid » | L’Humanité
    http://www.humanite.fr/israel-vise-lannexion-de-la-cisjordanie-et-la-consolidation-du-systeme-dapa
    Samedi, 2 Août, 2014

    Que change cette nouvelle guerre contre Gaza dans l’esprit des Palestiniens ?

    Dr Mustapha Barghouti. Rien ne sera plus comme avant. Israël est en train de commettre à Gaza le pire des crimes humanitaires. Le problème ne se pose pas seulement avec Israël, il se pose avec tous les pays qui se rendent complices de ces crimes. C’est honteux, inacceptable. Les dirigeants du monde devraient venir constater par eux-mêmes qu’Israël a le droit de se défendre, tandis que les Palestiniens ne peuvent exercer ce droit. Ce sont eux, pourtant, qui sont opprimés depuis plus de 70 ans par l’occupation et par un système de ségrégation. Nous assistons aujourd’hui à la fin d’une ère, celle du processus d’Oslo. L’approche des Palestiniens est désormais complètement différente, ils réalisent qu’Israël ne comprend malheureusement que le langage de la force. D’importants efforts seront déployés à l’avenir, pour adopter une nouvelle stratégie unifiée, basée sur la résistance, que nous espérons non violente. Il nous faudra aussi renforcer la campagne en faveur du boycott et des sanctions. Enfin, les Palestiniens doivent impérativement s’unir. Les trois formations qui sont encore à l’extérieur de l’OLP, le Hamas, le Jihad islamique et l’Initiative nationale devront y entrer. La direction palestinienne devra être rajeunie et plus attentive aux besoins de notre peuple. Avec cette agression, Benyamin Netanyahou a tenté de faire voler en éclat nos efforts d’unification. Jusqu’ici, nos divisions lui permettaient d’affirmer qu’aucune force n’était représentative des Palestiniens. La constitution d’un gouvernement d’entente nationale l’a rendu fou. Avec le Hamas, nous avons de profonds désaccords idéologiques. Mais ils sont issus de notre peuple, c’est aux Palestiniens de choisir qui les représente. Ces évènements ne feront en définitive que renforcer le Hamas. Il incarne désormais la résistance, au détriment du Fatah, qui apparaît comme incapable de combattre l’occupation.

    Comment expliquez-vous la complaisance qui permet à l’armée et au gouvernement israéliens de violer le droit international, le droit humanitaire, en toute impunité ?

    Dr Mustapha Barghouti. Les Israéliens laisseront derrière eux, à Gaza, un désastre. Toutes les infrastructures sont détruites. Les pertes humaines sont au-delà de toute description. Des civils, des femmes, des enfants sont massacrés. Comment l’armée israélienne aurait-elle pu se permettre de bombarder une école de l’ONU où des civils étaient réfugiés, sans la complicité, sans le silence du monde ? Je constate toutefois qu’il y a un abîme entre les peuples, révoltés par ce massacre, et les gouvernements, soumis aux pressions des lobbies pro-israéliens. Selon la propagande israélienne, cette offensive militaire serait dirigée contre le seul Hamas, qualifié d’organisation terroriste. Mais cette agression vise en réalité tous les Palestiniens ! C’est toute la population qui souffre aujourd’hui à Gaza ! Tous ceux qui se taisent devant cette catastrophe devront rendre, un jour, des comptes. Nous exhortons le président Abbas à porter l’affaire devant la justice internationale et je ne doute pas que des démarches en ce sens seront engagées dans les heures qui viennent. Des commissions d’enquête internationales feront, j’en suis sûr, la lumière sur ces crimes de guerre.

    Vous parlez d’un soulèvement populaire en Cisjordanie…

    Dr Mustapha Barghouti. Ceux qui pensaient que la Cisjordanie resterait calme et silencieuse devant le spectacle du massacre à Gaza se trompaient. La manifestation durement réprimée qui a réuni près de 30 000 personnes à Qalandiya le 24 juillet a marqué un tournant. Mais ce qui se passe aujourd’hui à Gaza révolte le monde entier. Aux antipodes des positions honteuses de certains pays, États-Unis en tête, et du silence des Européens, il y a aussi la réaction de ces huit pays d’Amérique latine qui ont rappelé leurs ambassadeurs en Israël. Quant à la plupart des dirigeants arabes, c’est peu dire qu’ils se sont mal comportés.

    #Palestine #Gaza


  • With Zoabi’s suspension, Knesset moves toward fascism - Opinion Israel News | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.607924

    On Monday, Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein decided not to open criminal proceedings against MK Haneen Zoabi (Balad) for saying that the kidnappers of Eyal Yifrah, Gilad Shaar and Naftali Fraenkel weren’t terrorists. Weinstein noted that in that same interview she voiced her objection to the kidnapping, creating a “real doubt” about whether her statement broke the law; moreover, he said, indictments that restrict speech should be rare. But he added that his decision dealt only with the criminal aspects, and not the administrative or ethical ones.

    Yesterday, the Knesset Ethics Committee used that statement to justify its decision to suspend Zoabi from plenum debates for six months, based on a law allowing MKs who violate the Knesset’s code of ethics to be suspended. Usually this panel only discusses statements made within the Knesset itself. It’s not the committee’s job to punish an MK for making political statements, however unpopular, and especially not when they were made outside the Knesset.

    The committee based itself on a rule stating that an MK “is a public trustee whose duty is to represent his electorate in a way that promotes human dignity, social progress and the good of the state.” Though MKs can act on their own interpretation of the good of the state, it said, Zoabi’s statement, made at a very sensitive time, did not promote the good of the state, violated her obligation as a public trustee and undermined public faith in the Knesset.

    In short, Knesset members believe there’s only one permissible view of what constitutes the good of the state, and not only does the majority determine what it is, but it also tries to prevent anyone with a different view from expressing it. This reveals a lack of understanding of substantive democracy and effectively replaces it with a dictatorship of the majority. There’s no one view of “the good of the state” in controversial issues, and anyone who says there is, while denying others the right to differ, is paving the way to fascism and tyranny.

    One can disagree with Zoabi’s statement, but it was legal. Since she didn’t voice support for the abduction, she wasn’t supporting terror. Nor did another statement cited by the committee, one in favor of “popular resistance,” constitute a call for violence; as Zoabi has stressed repeatedly, it’s a call for nonviolent resistance.

    The Ethics Committee must not become a forum for political persecution where the majority imposes its views on the minority. Letting the panel punish MKs for their views may well violate their substantive parliamentary immunity, which is supposed to protect them from legal repercussions for voicing opinions in the fulfillment of their parliamentary duties. Initially, this immunity was granted to protect MKs from political persecution by the executive, but today, protecting them from persecution by their colleagues is no less important. The High Court of Justice has stressed the importance of this immunity in preserving MKs’ independence, and especially in protecting the minority from the majority.

    The last Knesset also stripped Zoabi of some of her parliamentary privileges, including her diplomatic passport, over her participation in a Turkish-sponsored flotilla to Gaza that turned violent. This decision was challenged in a High Court petition which argued that substantive immunity protects MKs not only against indictment, but also against sanctions imposed by the Knesset. The deliberations lasted three years, until the 18th Knesset was dissolved in 2013, at which point the court dismissed the petition on the grounds that it was now purely theoretical. It thereby missed an opportunity to state explicitly that the Knesset can’t punish MKs for political statements. It must be hoped that this time, it will overturn the Ethics Committee’s decision swiftly.

    This decision appears to be part of a broader persecution of Israel’s Arab minority. The committee was used to delegitimize certain views, while not imposing sanctions on other MKs who made offensive statements – like Avigdor Lieberman, who called for boycotting Arab businesses, or Miri Regev, who called asylum seekers a “cancer.” The severity of the punishment also bolsters this contention. When former MK Menachem Porush termed Justice Mishael Cheshin “a pig,” the committee made do with a reprimand, and when former MK Aryeh Eldad said that anyone who cedes territory deserves death, he was suspended for just one day.

    It’s regrettable that Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein – unlike his predecessor Reuven Rivlin, now the president, who spoke out against political persecution of Arab MKs in general and Zoabi in particular – was the person who led this latest move against Zoabi. This unacceptable and discriminatory decision, which seeks to impose artificial boundaries on the political discourse, is another stage in the dismantling of Israeli democracy.

    #Israël #Fascisme #Totalitarisme #Discrimination #Apartheid #Gaza #Palestine


  • Professor #Ilan_Pappé: Israel Has Chosen to be a “Racist #Apartheid State” with U.S. Support

    As the Palestinian death toll tops 1,000 in #Gaza, we are joined from Haifa by Israeli professor and historian Ilan Pappé. “I think Israel in 2014 made a decision that it prefers to be a racist apartheid state and not a democracy,” Pappé says. “It still hopes that the United States will license this decision and provide it with the immunity to continue, with the necessary implication of such a policy vis-à-vis the Palestinians wherever they are.” A professor of history and the director of the European Centre for Palestine Studies at the University of Exeter, Pappé is the author of several books, including most recently, “The Idea of Israel: A History of Power and Knowledge.”

    http://m.democracynow.org/stories/14533

    #Israël #Palestine #USA #Etats-Unis



  • « Notre ami, c’est le terrorisme, le bon terrorisme » - Serge Quadruppani
    http://quadruppani.blogspot.fr/2014/07/notre-ami-cest-le-terrorisme-le-bon.html

    Appliqué à réaliser le scénario mis au point par la très fasciste Ligue de Défense Juive (provocation sur le net, exactions protégés par les CRS, hurlements à l’antisémitisme) et tandis que la justice applique avec détermination l’habituel « deux poids deux mesures » (aucune poursuite contre les fachos à kipa, lourde condamnation, dans des conditions ignobles http://www.liberation.fr/societe/2014/07/16/un-manifestant-propalestinien-consamne-a-quatre-mois-ferme-pour-rebellion, d’un manifestant pro-palestinien) Manuel Valls fait interdire la manifestation en soutien à #Gaza de samedi. Comme l’a fait remarquer l’UJFP par la voix de sa présidente http://www.ujfp.org/spip.php?article3345, en aucun autre pays au monde, on ne voit une telle interdiction. L’infernale ritournelle de l’antisémitisme collée à toute manifestation contre la politique criminelle de l’Etat colonialiste qui a volé le beau nom d’#Israël a encore fait ses preuves. Entre les massives manifs du peuple de gauche d’il y a vingt ou trente ans, et les effectifs des quelques milliers de courageux d’aujourd’hui, il y a eu ce bulldozer idéologique, bien aidé aussi par la haine djihadiste de quelques sectes obscurantistes dont la naissance fut, en son temps, largement encouragée par les gouvernants, d’Alger à Jérusalem en passant par le Caire (sans parler de notre ami le roi d’Arabie).
    Les canons qui tuent des enfants sur une plage sont un exemple de ce #terrorisme_étatique qui, autrefois, suscitait autre chose qu’une larme humanitaire : on ne s’arrêtait pas au pathos, on discutait politique, il pouvait arriver de lire des articles critiques envers le léninisme armé et la corruption des organisations palestiniennes, mais qui restaient capables de distinguer en ceux qui subissent l’#apartheid et ceux qui l’appliquent. Aujourd’hui, le principal terroriste, Nétanyahou, et son quarteron de ministres drogués à la #haine_anti-arabe http://www.france24.com/fr/20130730-naftali-bennett-ministre-israel-jai-tue-pleins-arabes-aucun-probl peuvent tuer par centaines, blesser par milliers, faire vivre dans des conditions carcérales des millions de palestiniens, ils ne suscitent plus que des regards énamourés de la Sarkhollandie et l’infini respect des médias dominants - capables, au maximum de leur courage, de renvoyer dos à dos massacreurs et massacrés http://lemonde.fr/idees/article/2014/07/18/a-gaza-le-cycle-des-guerres-et-de-la-haine_4459609_3232.html.
    Telle est notre époque. Espérons qu’il viendra vite, le jour où on la considèrera massivement avec les sentiments qu’elle mérite.

    http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Ejb4BkzBNME/U8kiO6B17xI/AAAAAAAAGyM/ighOQ2H4l24/s500/10478662_781670471884038_1175174161671591971_n.jpg


  • Dixième anniversaire de l’avis de la Cour Internationale de Justice sur le mur dit « de séparation » en territoire palestinien occupé
    AURDIP | 10 juillet 2014 |
    http://www.aurdip.fr/Dixieme-anniversaire-de-l-avis-de.html

    – Palestine : Faudra-t-il attendre encore dix ans ?
    Jean-Claude Lefort, Ancien président de l’Association France Palestine Solidarité et député honoraire ; Ghislain Poissonnier, Magistrat ; Antoine Comte, Avocat ; (L’Humanité, le 8 Juillet 2014).
    http://www.humanite.fr/palestine-faudra-t-il-attendre-encore-dix-ans-546826

    – Quel bilan pour la France de l’avis de la Cour internationale de justice sur le mur construit en territoire palestinien ?
    Ghislain Poissonnier ; (JOL press, le 9 Juillet 2014)
    http://www.jolpress.com/france-cour-internationale-de-justice-mur-israel-27026.html

    – Cesser toute forme de soutien à la colonisation israélienne
    William Bourdon, avocat ; Monique Cerisier ben-Guiga, sénatrice honoraire ; François Dubuisson, juriste ; Jean-Claude Lefort (AFPS) ; Ghislain Poissonnier, magistrat ; Dominique Vidal, journaliste et historien ; (Médiapart, le 9 Juillet 2014).
    http://blogs.mediapart.fr/edition/les-invites-de-mediapart/article/090714/cesser-toute-forme-de-soutien-la-colonisation-israelienne

    – Fausse impartialité de la Haute Cour de justice israélienne
    Sharon Weill ; (Orient XXI, le 9 juillet 2014).
    http://orientxxi.info/magazine/fausse-impartialite-de-la-haute,0631

    – La Cour internationale de justice, combien de divisions ?
    Ivar Ekeland, ancien président de l’université Paris-Dauphine, président de l’association des universitaires pour le respect du droit international en Palestine ; Joseph Oesterlé, professeur à l’université Pierre et Marie Curie, ancien directeur de l’institut Henri Poincaré ; Laurent Sermet, professeur à l’université de l’île de La Réunion ; Ghislain Poissonnier, magistrat ; Antoine Comte, avocat ; (La Croix, le 9 juillet 2014).
    http://www.aurdip.fr/La-Cour-internationale-de-justice.html

    – Ten years ago today, Israel’s separation wall was ruled illegal by the International Court of Justice
    More than 60 Canadian intellectuals ; (Rabble, July 9, 2014).
    http://rabble.ca/news/2014/07/ten-years-ago-today-israels-separation-wall-was-ruled-illegal-international-c

    Le mur d’Israël : quelles perspectives ?
    Imen Habib, membre de la Campagne BDS France ; Anne Spagnoli, membre de la Campagne BDS Suisse
    Politis (Paris), Huffington Post (Paris), le Courrier (Geneve), le 10 juillet 2014
    http://www.politis.fr/Un-droit-international-sans-cesse,27666.html
    http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/imen-habib/mur-israel-perspectives_b_5557477.html
    http://www.lecourrier.ch/edition_du_jeudi_10_juillet_2014_1_sommaire


  • Growing Up Privileged in Apartheid, Colonial Israel - Shir Hever on Reality Asserts Itself (1/5) | TRNN 2014-07-09

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1BqNlSpD7g

    La trace écrite via http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=12088

    Shir Hever is an economic researcher in the Alternative Information Center, a Palestinian-Israeli organization active in Jerusalem and Beit-Sahour. Hever researches the economic aspect of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territory, some of his research topics include the international aid to the Palestinians and to Israel, the effects of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories on the Israeli economy, and the boycott, divestment and sanctions campaigns against Israel. His work also includes giving lectures and presentations on the economy of the occupation. He is a graduate student at the Freie Universitat in Berlin, and researches the privatization of security in Israel. His first book: Political Economy of Israel’s Occupation: Repression Beyond Exploitation, was published by Pluto Press.

    [...]

    HEVER: I was born in Jerusalem, and I was born into a lefty household, a critical household. And the most important thing that I think my parents taught me and raised me with is this idea that I have to be aware of my own privileges and to take responsibility for them, because Israeli society is extremely divided and extremely hierarchical, and I am lucky to have been born male, white, Jewish, Ashkenazi, so in all of these categories in which I had an advantage, and my parents told me this is an unfair advantage.

    [...]

    JAY: Now, just because it’s an interesting kind of historical note, there’s kind of two types of Zionist fascists. There are Zionists who are simply very aggressive against Palestinians and people called them fascists, and then there are Zionists who loved Mussolini.

    HEVER: Yeah, I’m talking about the second kind. I’m talking about real—people who really adopt this kind of Zionist—or this kind of fascist ideology that the state is above everything, and that we all have to conform to a certain idea, and that we should find our great leader. So that kind of Zionism is not mainstream, actually, and it’s not in power. In many demonstrations that I had the chance to go to, people tend to shout that fascism will not pass.But, of course, when you look at it from a more academic point of view, there’s a difference between fascism and other kinds of repressive regimes, and I would say Israel is a colonial regime, a colonialist regime, in which there’s apartheid, there’s very deep entrenched repression.

    But in a colonialist system there’s always fear. And you grow up with this fear also. You always know—.

    JAY: Did you?

    HEVER: Yeah, yeah. I mean, when I would go to certain areas or when I took a taxi with a Palestinian driver, then even my closest family would get nervous about it. And then it made me wonder: how come you taught me that everybody’s equal but you’re still afraid of Palestinians?

    [...]

    (M)y close family, my immediate family, they were very supportive of my opinions. And we had many political debates at home—sometimes arguments, but in the end I think for the outsider it doesn’t seem like we’re that much far apart. When you go a little bit further to the extended family, then that’s a whole different story. And most of the family on my mother’s side stopped speaking with me after I decided not to go to the army. And so, yeah, my mother’s parents, who were fighters in the Palmach, they had a completely different worldview and a very Zionist right-wing perspective in which they believe that all of these policies against Palestinians were completely justified.

    JAY: And your grandparents, were any of them—when did they come to Israel? Did you have direct family that were killed during World War II?

    HEVER: Yeah. So this is actually the exact—the interesting intersection of two stories, because my mother’s side of the family came to Palestine before the Holocaust, before the Second World War, and participated in the Nakba against Palestinians. And my father’s family—.

    JAY: So they came during the ’30s or ’20s?

    HEVER: Yeah, over some time, but yeah. And my father’s family came right after the war. They escaped from the Nazis in Poland. And the vast majority of the family in Poland was exterminated by the Nazis. So they escaped to the Soviet Union, where they lived pretty harsh years during the war. And then the family scattered again, and that part of the family that chose to go to Palestine, to Israel, happened to be my side of the family.

    [...]

    HEVER: That is a concept called Hebrew labor, and it was done very openly and without shame because there was at that point of time no concept that such structural and comprehensive racism against a particular group of people is something that Jews should also be worried about. I mean, it wasn’t something that was even in people’s minds so much, because Palestinians were part of the scenery, part of the background, and not treated as the native inhabitants of Palestine. But it has to be said also that during those fights it wasn’t—even though it was a colonial situation, in which Zionists were supported by foreign powers in coming and colonizing Palestine, it wasn’t clear if they were going to succeed or not, and it wasn’t clear until 1948 whether they would succeed or not. So from the personal stories of these people, they saw themselves as heroes or as overcoming a great adversity, and not as people who had all their options and decided that here’s a little piece of land that we want to add to our collection. From their point of view, this was their chance to have their own piece of land, and when looking at the colonial powers, the European colonial powers operating all of the world, they didn’t think that what they were doing was so strange or peculiar.

    [...]

    HEVER: And during the ’90s there was—the Oslo process began. There was a coalition between Yitzhak Rabin from the Labor Party and Meretz, which was the part that they supported. Meretz was the liberal party for human rights, but still a Zionist party. And this coalition started to negotiate with Yasser Arafat and to start the Oslo process. But at the same time, they would implement these policies that were just completely undemocratic and—for example, to take 400 people who were suspected of being members of the Hamas Party without a trial and just deport them. And at that point my parents had a kind of crisis of faith and they decided not to support his party anymore. And I would say this is the moment where Zionism was no longer accepted.

    [...]

    HEVER: I think the moment that I made that choice is actually much later, because it’s possible to have all these opinions but still play the game and go to any regular career path. But after I decided not to go into the army and after I decided to go to university, in the university I experienced something that changed my mind.

    JAY: But back up one moment. You decide not to go into the army. (...) That’s a big decision in Israel.

    HEVER: Well, I was again lucky to be in this very interesting time period where Netanyahu just became prime minister, and he was being very bombastic about his announcements, and a lot of people started doubting the good sense of going into the army. So it was a time where it was relatively easy to get out. At first I thought, I will go into the army, because I went to a very militaristic school. My school was very proud of all the intelligence officers that used to come out of it. So I thought, okay, I don’t want to be an occupier, I don’t want to be a combat soldier in the occupied territory, but if I’ll find some some kind of loophole that I can be a teacher or do some kind of noncombat work for the army, I’ll do that.

    [...]

    And I used to support the Oslo process, because I used to read the Israeli newspapers, and it seemed like Israel is being very generous and willing to negotiate, when in fact—. But my mother, I said that she was working for the government. She would bring me some documents about the Oslo process, and there I would be able to read about the water allocation and about land allocation and say, well, this is certainly not a fair kind of negotiation. But then, when the Second Intifada started, it was repressed with extreme violence by the Israeli military, by the Israeli police. And that was also a moment in which I felt that even living in Israel is becoming unbearable for me. But there’s always kind of the worry, is it going to get to the next step? I think this immediate tendency to compare it with the ’30s in Germany is because it’s a Jewish society.

    [...]

    –-----

    oAnth :

    Palmach

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palmach

    The Palmach (Hebrew: פלמ"ח, acronym for Plugot Maḥatz (Hebrew: פלוגות מחץ), lit. “strike forces”) was the elite fighting force of the Haganah, the underground army of the Yishuv (Jewish community) during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine. The Palmach was established on 15 May 1941. By the outbreak of the Israeli War for Independence in 1948 it consisted of over 2,000 men and women in three fighting brigades and auxiliary aerial, naval and intelligence units. With the creation of Israel’s army, the three Palmach Brigades were disbanded. This and political reasons led to many of the senior Palmach officers resigning in 1950.

    Hebrew Labor

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_labor#Terminology

    "Hebrew labor" is often also referred to as “Jewish labor” although the former is the literal translation of “avoda ivrit”. According to Even-Zohar the immigrants of the Second Aliyah preferred to use the word “Hebrew” because they wanted to emphasize the difference between their “new Hebrew” identity and the “old Diaspora Jewish” identity. For them the word “Hebrew” had romantic connotations with the “purity” and “authenticity” of the existence of the “Hebrew nation in its land”, like it had been in the past.

    Related to the concept of “Hebrew labor” was the concept of “alien labor”. Ben-Gurion wrote about the settlers of the First Aliyah: “They introduced the idol of exile to the temple of national rebirth, and the creation of the new homeland was desecrated by avodah zara”. According to Shapira avodah zara means both “alien labor” and, in a religious sense, “idol worship”. Along with bloodshed and incest this is one of the three worst sins in Judaism. Application of this concept to the employment of Arab workers by Jews depicted this as a taboo.

    Meretz

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meretz#Ideology

    Meretz defines itself as a Zionist, left-wing, social-democratic party. The party is a member of the Socialist International and an observer member of the Party of European Socialists. It sees itself as the political representative of the Israeli Peace movement in the Knesset – as well as municipal councils and other local political bodies.
    In the international media it has been described as left-wing, social-democratic, dovish, secular, civil libertarian, and anti-occupation.

    –----------------------------------

    #Palestine #Palästina
    #Israel

    #histoire #Gechichte #history
    #20e_siècle #20th_c

    #Meretz #Palmach #Hebrew_Labor
    #Intifada
    #Apartheid

    • Fear and Loathing in Israel- Shir Hever on Reality Asserts Itself (2/5) | TRNN 2014-07-10
      http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=12093

      HEVER: I think there’s something to be said about stereotypes, and there is a kind of stereotype about Jews that—there used to be a stereotype about Jews as being a very weak and frail kind of people who are supporting human rights because they don’t have the strength to defend themselves. And that’s obviously a racist stereotype, just as much as the stereotype that says that Jews are violent brutes that just want to kill Palestinians and are inherently hateful towards Palestinians. And this is something—I mean, I grew up, like anyone in Israel, learning the story of the Holocaust and repeating it year after year. But I learned it in the sense of the Holocaust is a universal story. So the Germans were not particularly evil. They were—these were circumstances that made a certain atrocity come into this world. And it’s unfortunately not unique. This kind of dark side exists in all human beings.

      And so the Zionist movement has attracted some of the worst Jews around the world, those people who wanted to use force to get more property and more land. It also attracted people of completely different ideals; it also attracted very progressive people; but those were, unfortunately, somewhat sidelined, because Israel became this kind of very authoritative country—state in which Palestinians have very little if any rights.

    • [ @Kassem, merci pour avoir continué les extraits! ]

      Israel, World Capital of Homeland Security Industries - Shir Hever on Reality Asserts Itself (3/4) | TRNN 2014-07-10

      "... so the attacks become demos ..."

      http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=12101

      [...]

      HEVER: [A]ctually, Israel is now the world capital of homeland security industries. They’re selling security cameras, surveillance equipments, drones, riot gear. That is the sort of technology that governments need in order to control their citizens. And it comes not just with the actual technology; it comes also with an ideology. It comes with the ideology that, look what Israel is doing, how Israel is controlling Palestinians and every aspect of their lives, and decides who can pass and who gets a permit and so on, and uses this technology to leave Palestinians no option to resist, and why don’t we sell that to other governments around the world. For example, Brazil bought a lot of that technology in order to repress the favelas in preparation for the World Cup. We see that in India, not just in the area of Kashmir, but mainly there along the border with Pakistan, and in East Europe. And we also see that with extreme-right governments, like Berlusconi in Italy that was worried about asylum-seekers coming from Africa, and using Israeli drones and Israeli technology to try to block that, but also not just buying the technology, but also buying the legitimacy, saying Israel is a wonderful country. Berlusconi was a big pro-Israeli spokesman. And if Israel is allowed to do it, we can do it too.

      [...]

      Ehud Barak, he has done many political mistakes in the last couple of years, and it seemed that he is not going to be able to get into the government again. So he said, I’m now going to do what I actually like to do best: I am going to the private sector. And then it becomes apparent that he has many friends who own these security companies, and he can open doors for them, and he can get a lot of money from them. So, obviously, these security companies’ business model is built on the occupation. These are companies that their motto when they go to arms trade shows and show their equipment, they say, this has already been tested by the Israeli army on actual people. You can only have that because of the occupation. So every new weapon is first sold to the Israeli army, shot at Palestinians. Then you can sell it.

      JAY: Yeah, and they probably have nice little sales videos showing how this all works.

      HEVER: Of course. Yeah. After this invasion of Gaza that we were talking about, there was a trade show that the Israeli army did where they showed how each and every of these new inventions were used in the attack on Gaza, completely shamelessly.

      JAY: So the attacks become demos.

      HEVER: The attacks become demos, and these companies make a profit out of it, and then these companies are hiring senior Israeli officials. I don’t think that means that they want to end the peace process or sabotage the peace process; it means they want to continue it forever, because as long as it continues, they can continue these periodic attacks and they can continue the occupation.

      JAY: Yeah, ’cause the peace process is a process of never come to an agreement about peace.

      [...]

    • An Occupier’s Peace or a Just Peace - Shir Hever on Reality Asserts Itself (4/4) | TRNN 2014-07-13
      Mr. Hever says the occupiers always want peace - one that strengthens the status quo

      http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=12105

      [...]

      HEVER: I think the vast majority of the Israeli public wants peace. But a famous German military thinker, Clausewitz, has once said the occupier always wants peace. Peace means the status quo. That’s why Palestinians don’t call for peace, they call for a just peace. And that’s also why the Israeli peace movement has collapsed, because the peace movement had this kind of idea that if Palestinians would be offered peace, they would just accept that the current situation will continue. And, of course, that’s a completely false premise. But there are, of course, people in Israel who do have an incentive to end the occupation and to end the injustice. A lot of Israelis are suffering because of the massive cost of security that is needed to repress the Palestinians. I would say the majority of Israelis are losing in their standard of living because of this continued repression of Palestinians, because of the continued conflict. So they have a real interest even in a just peace, but their voices are not heard and they cannot be heard within this kind of colonial system, which is dominated by those elites who are actually profiting

      [...]

      Jay: [I]f you were going to try to create a model that would be, one, sellable, not just just. I mean, you can imagine a just model, which is pretty straightforward. It’s a Democratic, single secular state and everybody gets to vote and it’s, you know, a modern country. But right now that’s not a sellable proposition. So some people, like, just as example, some people have talked a possible federated state, where you have a province or a state within a Federation which is primarily Jewish. Hebrew would be the language. You would have another one, another state, which is primarily—Arabic is the primary language, and so on, or some configuration. You must have thought about this. What might be possible?

      HEVER: It’s not only that I’ve thought about it, that this is also almost an obsession, but not just for me, but for political activists, for leftists for years. But I want to answer you in two parts. The first part, I have to say, again I have to be very sensitive to my own position of privilege. Being an Israeli Jew and saying well, this is the solution is not going to work, and it shouldn’t be, it shouldn’t work. Palestinians should not get their solution from some Israeli. They have to come up with their own platform for political change. And therefore I have to be very careful in how I answer that sort of question.Having said that, let me tell you what voices I hear from my Palestinian friends about what they’re saying. And among these voices, you can hear a lot of those ideas of a federation, a confederation, two separate states, three separate states, one democratic state, joining with Egypt. You can hear a lot of interesting ideas. But the voice that comes out the clearest in the last few years is the voice that says, we don’t care about that. All of these ideas are legal demarcations, are some kind of—where you put the border here or there. That’s not important. The important thing is to talk about rights, talk about how we have the right to move wherever we want, to say whatever we want, to have a government that represents us, to organize, to practice our religion, to trade freely. That’s what it means to be free. And then it doesn’t matter so much exactly how many borders you’re going to stretch across this territory. If we’re practical about it, historically Palestine is a country that was divided by the UN, but in fact there has never been a Palestinian state there. There’s always been one powerful force of Israel and some areas that were temporarily held by Egypt and Jordan, and then Israel occupied these parts as well. Now we have a situation in which there’s one state under Israeli domination with a population of 12 million, 49 percent Jews, 49 percent Palestinians, 2 percent others. And it’s an apartheid state.

      [...]


  • Buckingham Palace, #Cape_Town
    http://africasacountry.com/buckingham-palace

    My Word! Redesigning Buckingham Palace, is a one-man play, written by SylviaVollenhoven and performed by co-writer and actor, Basil Appollis. It is based on the life and work of the writer, #Richard_Rive, who grew up in #District_Six and wrote about the community and it’s characters such as Mary Bruintjies, who ran a brothel […]

    #THEATER #Apartheid #National_Arts_Festival #South_Africa


  • Understand the Israeli – Palestinian Apartheid In 11 Images
    http://thrivalroom.com/understand-israeli-palestinian-apartheid-11-graphics

    http://i936.photobucket.com/albums/ad207/grevertegat/vp-olive-harvest-final-2013-10-10.jpg

    “All the graphics are from the site Visualizing Palestine, a site dedicated to creating informative and impactful graphics about the troubled region. Check out many more of these images on their site”
    #conflit #israelo_palestinien #data_deprime #apartheid #visualisation


  • # #PALESTINE /// Punitive Home Demolition Is an Act of War: Collectivization of Punishment and Apartheid Logic

    As I have been writing in the past, I try to refrain myself from writing about the phenomenal aspects of the Palestinian struggle against the occupation to concentrate on the structural aspects. Sometimes, it is particularly difficult to exercise such refrain, like it is now when one sees the wave of anti-Arab racism that seems to currently materialize in Israel; however, we would condemn ourselves to perpetuate the effects if we just focus on them without examining their structural causes. The legal and political organization of the apartheid in Palestine needs to be continuously addressed.

    http://thefunambulist.net/2014/07/04/palestine-punitive-home-demolition-is-an-act-of-war-collectivization

    #Israël #démolition #occupation #apartheid


  • The work of the late artist #Peter_Clarke
    http://africasacountry.com/the-work-of-the-late-artist-peter-clarke

    Influenced by the Mexican muralists of the 1930s and ‘40s, and also by the German Expressionists, the South African artist Peter Clarke (who passed away at the age of 85 on April 13, 2104)  built his reputation as a narrative artist with a distinctive, bold graphic style and is best known for his subtle depictions […]

    #ART #Alan_Paton #Apartheid #Chris_van_Wyk #Es’kia_Mphahlele #James_Matthews #Ocean_View #Simon's_Town #South_Africa


  • 5 Reasons Why Israel is an Apartheid State | Weapons of Mass Distraction
    http://www.filmsforaction.org/watch/5-reasons-why-israel-is-an-apartheid-state-weapons-of-mass-distracti

    Abby Martin calls out the corporate media’s visceral coverage of Secretary of State John Kerry’s remarks on concern the danger of Israel becoming an “Apartheid State”, citing several examples of...


  • Israeli state water company loses #Portugal deal and faces global protests | BDSmovement.net
    http://www.bdsmovement.net/2014/mekorot-loses-portugal-deal-11985

    Lisbon’s water company EPAL has announced that it terminated a technology exchange deal with Israeli state water company #Mekorot following protests over Mekorot’s role in Israel’s ‘water #apartheid ’ over Palestinians.

    Portuguese MPs and campaign groups had argued that the deal amounted to support for Mekorot’s role in the theft of Palestinian water.

    #Israël #vol #eau #Palestine #bds


  • Cinquante ans depuis la #Loi sur les #droits civiques au États-Unis
    http://www.wsws.org//fr/articles/2014/avr2014/civi-a14.shtml

    Aucun des quatre conférenciers présidentiels n’a de lien véritable avec le mouvement de masse de millions de jeunes et de travailleurs afro-américains largement appuyé par les travailleurs de toute origine ethnique – qui a ébranlé et finalement mis fin au semi-#apartheid légal du sud des États-Unis connu sous le nom de Jim Crow. Tous les quatre présidents représentent, à leur manière, les efforts de la classe dirigeante américaine pour renverser les gains faits par les travailleurs dans les années 1960 et pour attaquer de plus en plus leurs conditions de vie et leurs droits démocratiques.


  • En #Afrique_du_Sud, l’enfance violée - Libération
    http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2014/03/25/afrique-du-sud-l-enfance-violee_990117

    Pourquoi les agressions sexuelles sur les enfants sont-elles si nombreuses dans ce pays ? Séquelles de l’#apartheid, machisme, promiscuité ? Reportage dans une clinique qui accueille les jeunes victimes.

    #viols #violences_sexuelles #pédophilie #sociologie #culture_du_viol


  • Israël : La politique dans les territoires palestiniens occupés assimilée à de l’apartheid et du nettoyage ethnique - 20 minutes

    L’expert indépendant du Conseil des Droits de l’Homme des Nations Unies pour les territoires palestiniens occupés, l’Américain Richard Falk, a une nouvelle fois dénoncé ce vendredi la politique d’Israël dans ces territoires, affirmant qu’elle présente les caractéristiques de « l’apartheid » et du « nettoyage éthnique ».

    « La réalité sur le terrain s’aggrave aussi bien du point de vue du droit international que du point de vue du peuple palestinien », a-t-il dit aux journalistes à Genève. Il a notamment accusé Israël « d’efforts systématiques et continus pour changer la composition ethnique de Jérusalem Est », de « recours excessif à la force », de « punition collective » à Gaza, de destructions d’habitations et de construire de plus en plus de colonies.

    Discrimination systématique

    « Il y a une discrimination systématique sur la base de l’identité ethnique, avec l’objectif de changer la démographie de Jérusalem », a-t-il affirmé, appelant cela une forme « de nettoyage ethnique ». Depuis 1996 plus de 11.000 Palestiniens ont perdu leur droit de vivre à Jérusalem, a souligné Richard Falk. « Ce que nous appelons occupation est maintenant de plus en plus compris comme une forme d’annexion, une base pour un apartheid dans le sens où il y a un double système légal discriminatoire », a-t-il ajouté.

    Le mandat de Richard Falk expire dans quelques jours, après une mission de six ans qui lui a valu de polémiquer vivement et régulièrement avec Israël et ses soutiens, notamment les Etats-Unis et le Canada. Ce professeur emeritus de l’Université de Princeton, âgé de 82 ans, est lui même juif, ce qui lui permet de balayer toutes les accusations d’antisémitisme dont il a fait souvent l’objet. Il considère que ces attaques visent « à dévier la conversation du message vers le messager ».

    Il a affirmé que la Cour Internationale de Justice devrait examiner le statut légal de cette occupation prolongée par Israël des territoires palestiniens et il a rappelé que cette cour avait en 2004 déclaré illégale la construction de la barrière par Israël isolant ces territoires occupés en 1967 ce qui n’a pas empêché l’Etat hébreu de poursuivre ses travaux.


  • UN rights investigator accuses Israel of ’ethnic cleansing’ -
    Haaretz
    By Reuters | Mar. 21, 2014
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.581248

    Richard Falk, United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in the Palestinian territories, told a news conference that Israeli policies bore “unacceptable characteristics of colonialism, apartheid and ethnic cleansing”.

    “Every increment of enlarging the settlements or every incident of house demolition is a way of worsening the situation confronting the Palestinian people and reducing what prospects they might have as the outcome of supposed peace negotiations.”

    Asked about his accusation of ethnic cleansing, Falk said that more than 11,000 Palestinians had lost their right to live in Jerusalem since 1996 due to Israel imposing residency laws favoring Jews and revoking Palestinian residence permits.

    “The 11,000 is just the tip of the iceberg because many more are faced with possible challenges to their residency rights.”

    This compounded the “ordeal of this extended, prolonged occupation”, according to Falk, an international law expert and professor emeritus at Princeton University in the United States.


  • #WhiteHistoryMonth : Counter-Revolutionary Agents in #Apartheid #South_Africa
    http://africasacountry.com/whitehistorymonth-counter-revolutionary-agents-in-apartheid-south-a

    The covert nature of the apartheid regime’s “total strategy” to combat revolution rendered much of South Africa’s deadliest years of history in the passive voice. Griffiths Mxenge: discovered dead by the side of the road. Sizwe Khondile: disappeared. The Cradock Four: burnt bodies found. Inkosi Mhlabunzima Maphumulo: murdered by “persons unknown.”

    #Dirk_Coetzee #Eugene_de_Kock #PW_Botha


  • Israeli soldiers shoot dead Palestinian teen
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/israeli-soldiers-shoot-dead-palestinian-teen

    Israeli occupation forces shot dead a Palestinian teenager in the southern West Bank on Wednesday, Palestinian security sources said and local media said. “Yussef Sami Shawamreh, 15, was killed by the Israeli army near the separation barrier, close to Al-Ramadin village,” the source told AFP, indicating that the body was still with the army. He had no further details. Palestinian news agency put the victim’s age at 19, saying he was shot dead after attempting to cross the #apartheid_wall. It added that Israeli forces fired no “warning shots” before killing him. read more

    #Israel #Palestine #Top_News #Wet_Bank


  • #Ruud_Gullit and the Struggle for South African Freedom
    http://africasacountry.com/ruud-gullit-and-the-struggle-for-south-african-freedom

    Ruud Gullit was more than a total footballer. It was not for no reason that the late #Nelson_Mandela praised him as ‘a source of tremendous inspiration for young people, not only in Holland or Europe, but throughout the world.’ More than a footballer, he was a musician (although not anywhere as accomplished in the latter field as he was the former). And more than a musician, he was a voice.

    #Football_is_a_Country #AC_Milan #Apartheid #South_Africa #Suriname


  • #12_Years_a_Slave: A view from the Other South
    http://africasacountry.com/12-years-a-slave-a-view-from-the-other-south

    A grossly detestable subjection of one human being by another, slavery was a structural guarantor of white control of blacks in the Americas. It was to whites in that part of the world and other parts of the world including the Cape Colony in South Africa, what colonial subjugation and #Apartheid would later be to whites in the rest of Africa. There is no longer slavery in the Americas. However, white supremacy is still around, not only in the United States but also in many recently colonized societies. On what structural ropes then does white supremacy hang today? Even then, does it still need an institutional apparatus of dominance for its (...)

    #FILM


  • Israël coupe l’eau à 45 000 palestiniens.
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article2100

    La compagnie israélienne des eaux de Gihon Israël a commencé par réduire progressivement l’approvisionnement en eau, il y a près de deux semaines jusqu’à ce qu’elle s’arrête complètement. En plein Jérusalem, seuls les palestiniens ont subi cet acte d’apartheid dans l’indifférence des atlantistes parlant au de la communauté internationale. Gihôn est le fleuve mythique mentionné dans la Bible, dans le deuxième chapitre de la Genèse (Gn 2,11 & 12). En sumérien son signifie « Les Grands Ancêtres » ou bien « (...)

    Internet et entreprises qui soumettent des articles pour des liens retours.

    / #diplomatie,_sécurité,_commerce,_économie_mondiale, Israël, Proche-Orient, EPU, droits de l’homme, (...)

    #Internet_et_entreprises_qui_soumettent_des_articles_pour_des_liens_retours. #Israël,_Proche-Orient,_EPU,_droits_de_l’homme,_ONU


  • #Elizabeth_Barrett’s house on #Harrington_Street, #Cape_Town
    http://africasacountry.com/elizabeth-barretts-house-on-harrington-street-cape-town

    I find #Nicholas_Eppel’s photographs of Elizabeth Barrett striking because it reveals the intimate details of the on-going, ordinary life of a woman in urban Cape Town. That she dedicated herself and her meagre resources to philanthropic work of caring for orphaned children makes her story particularly heart-warming. But it’s the way the images bring home the frailty and sensitivity of her world, of her home, that quietly stood as a buffer against #Apartheid and later, the grand schemes of ‘improvement through creative design’ that is the vogue in contemporary Cape Town, that make for compelling viewing. Having been incinerated, raised tragically before Christmas, the images hark hauntingly to a world, a home that is no longer (...)

    #PHOTOGRAPHY #gentrification #The_Fringe