“Global Network Interference Detection over the RIPE Atlas Network” de Collin Anderson, Philipp Winter et Roya
Existing censorship measurement platforms frequently suffer from poor
adoption, insufficient geographic coverage, and scalability
problems. In order to outline an analytical framework and data
collection needs for future ubiquitous measurements initiatives, we
build on top of the existent and widely-deployed RIPE Atlas platform.
In particular, we propose methods for monitoring the reachability of
vital services through an algorithm that balances timeliness,
diversity, and cost. We then use Atlas to investigate blocking
events in Turkey and Russia. Our measurements identify under-examined
forms of interference and provide evidence of cooperation between a
well-known blogging platform and government authorities for purposes
of blocking hosted content.
Facebook and Twitter control the news, and this is bad news
Selon Emily Bell du The Guardian, les processus éditoriaux ne devraient pas être contrôlés par des algorithmes.
L’actualité sur beaucoup de plateformes de ce genre est déterminée par l’ampleur des réactions de ses utilisateurs, ce qui pourrait renvoyer à l’ombre d’importantes discussions sociétales.
Un écosystème qui préférencie certaines catégories de news peut être une menace pour la démocratie.
Sociologist Zeynep Tufekci noted after the riots in Ferguson that although many news items were being posted to Facebook, she initially saw none of them in her feed, just ice bucket challenges. That led her to speculate that algorithmic filtering could potentially mute important stories.
Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, WhatsApp and what’s next are and will continue to be making editorial decisions on our behalf. [Dick] Costolo [Twitter CEO] taking his first editorial stance is significant because he was public and unapologetic about removing material that he felt did cultural and economic damage to Twitter. The Facebook algorithm, and other sorting processes, are both more opaque and less accountable. The decline of the newspaper, and the subsequent closure or shrinking of newsrooms, not only leaves news unbound, it also removes the culture of editorial filtering. Centuries of human debate over cultural values, expressed in everything from intrusive splashes to grandiose editorials, are disappearing to be replaced by a black box.
"We can’t let tech giants, like Facebook and Twitter, control our news values" : ▻http://www.theguardian.com/media/media-blog/2014/aug/31/tech-giants-facebook-twitter-algorithm-editorial-values/print
What Happens to #Ferguson Affects Ferguson : — The Message — Medium
Ferguson is about many things, starting first with race and policing in America.
But it’s also about internet, net neutrality and algorithmic filtering.
But those very factors often make it less likely such places make the news, except as trouble spots. Places to be ignored. Avoided. “We” hear it only through official statements, often dismissing local concerns, painting them as looters, thugs, troublemakers.
Yes Ferguson will make news, another friend tweeted, because… well, here you go: Twitter.
This unfolded in real time on my social media feed which was pretty soon taken over by the topic — and yes, it’s a function of who I follow but I follow across the political spectrum, on purpose, and also globally. Egyptians and Turks were tweeting tear gas advice. Journalists with national profiles started going live on TV. And yes, there were people from the left and the right who expressed outrage.
And then I switched to non net-neutral Internet to see what was up. I mostly have a similar a composition of friends on Facebook as I do on Twitter.
Nada, zip, nada.
No Ferguson on Facebook last night. I scrolled. Refreshed.
This morning, though, my Facebook feed is also very heavily dominated by discussion of Ferguson. Many of those posts seem to have been written last night, but I didn’t see them then. Overnight, “edgerank” –or whatever Facebook’s filtering algorithm is called now — seems to have bubbled them up, probably as people engaged them more.
This isn’t about Facebook per se—maybe it will do a good job, maybe not—but the fact that algorithmic filtering, as a layer, controls what you see on the Internet. Net neutrality (or lack thereof) will be yet another layer determining this. This will come on top of existing inequalities in attention, coverage and control.
But maybe in the future, they don’t have to bother to arrest journalists and force cameras off. In California, legislation is being considered for “kill switches” in phones — a feature I honestly cannot imagine a good use for this in the United States.
But keep in mind, Ferguson is also a net neutrality issue. It’s also an algorithmic filtering issue. How the internet is run, governed and filtered is a human rights issue.
Australia bans reporting of multi-nation corruption case involving Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam
Joie de la censure, l’Australie abuse de son système pour plaquer les détails d’une grosse affaire de corruption dans laquelle son gouverment est mouillé.
Today, 29 July 2014, WikiLeaks releases an unprecedented Australian censorship order concerning a multi-million dollar corruption case explicitly naming the current and past heads of state of Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam, their relatives and other senior officials. The super-injunction invokes “national security” grounds to prevent reporting about the case, by anyone, in order to “prevent damage to Australia’s international relations”. The court-issued gag order follows the secret 19 June 2014 indictment of seven senior executives from subsidiaries of Australia’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). The case concerns allegations of multi-million dollar inducements made by agents of the RBA subsidiaries Securency and Note Printing Australia in order to secure contracts for the supply of Australian-style polymer bank notes to the governments of Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and other countries.
“Germany has a censorship federal agency called BPjM which maintains a secret list of about 3000 URLs. To keep the list secret it is distributed in the form of md5 or sha1 hashes as the ‘BPJM-Modul’. They think this is safe. This leak explains in detail that it is in fact very easy to extract the hashed censorship list from home routers or child protection software and calculate the cleartext entries. It provides a first analysis of the sometimes absurd entries on such a governmental Internet censorship list.”
A screen capture of the first Youtube episode of BanaTube. A screen capture of the first Youtube episode of BanaTube.
YouTube shows represent a healthy trend in #Saudi_Arabia. Though content creators are often harassed, their innovative ideas are finding their way to the famous video-sharing website.
A caricuture showing a computer upside down with “the truth” on the screen and “deceptive media” next to it. (Photo: Mohammed Sabra) A caricuture showing a computer upside down with “the truth” on the screen and “deceptive media” next to it. (Photo: Mohammed Sabra)
What happens when the media becomes intricately linked to one of the warring sides of a conflict, so much so that it becomes indistinguishable from one political party or its opposition?
Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks to members of parliament from his ruling Justice and Development (AKP) Party during a meeting at the Turkish parliament in Ankara on April 8, 2014. (Photo: AFP - Adem Altan)
Turkish authorities defied court orders and reaffirmed a ban on YouTube imposed after the posting of illicit recordings of top secret security talks that was cited by Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan as part of a “dirty campaign” to topple him. Authorities imposed the ban on Google’s video-sharing site on March 27 in the build-up to local elections, after weeks of leaked wiretaps which had emerged online, allegedly uncovering corruption in Erdogan’s inner circle. Erdogan emerged from the polls with his popularity largely intact. read (...)
Turkish court: #Youtube to remain banned until #syria recordings removed
A file photo taken on March 27, 2014 shows a view of a computer screen showing a digital portrait of the Turkish Prime Minister and text reading “Yes we ban” on a laptop computer screen, in front of graffiti in Istanbul. (Photo: AFP - Ozan Kose) A file photo taken on March 27, 2014 shows a view of a computer screen showing a digital portrait of the Turkish Prime Minister and text reading “Yes we ban” on a laptop computer screen, in front of graffiti in Istanbul. (Photo: AFP - Ozan Kose)
YouTube will remain blocked in #turkey, despite the end to a similar controversial ban on #Twitter, after a court backtracked on an earlier ruling to grant access to the video-sharing site. The court in the capital Ankara on Friday lifted a (...)
“A new step in the fight between the turkish government and the Internet occurred recently when the access providers in #Turkey started, not only to install lying #DNS resolvers, but also to hijack the IP addresses of some popular open DNS resolvers, like Google Public DNS.”
The republic and the flood
Fetih 1453, a movie portraying the Turkish conquest of Constantinople, was banned in #Lebanon on grounds of inciting sectarian tensions. Fetih 1453, a movie portraying the Turkish conquest of Constantinople, was banned in Lebanon on grounds of inciting sectarian tensions.
Darren Aronofsky’s #Noah is expected to be released in Lebanese theaters next month. According to its distributor, it was approved by the #Censorship bureau with “reservations,” since it might distress religious figures, as occurred in Egypt. But Beirut is not Cairo.
Turkey’s president criticizes #Twitter ban in tweet
Turkish President Abdullah #Gul tweeted on Friday to denounce the government’s ban on Twitter, which had been introduced just hours earlier. “A complete ban on social media platforms cannot be approved,” tweeted the president to his more than four million followers. Gul, a frequent user of social media, said it was not “technically possible to totally block access to platforms used all over the world.” read more
#syria detains prominent #filmmaker at Lebanese border
Syria’s best-known filmmaker was taken in for questioning by Syrian intelligence forces at the Lebanese border as he made his way to a Geneva film festival Tuesday, a friend told AFP. Mohammed Malas was travelling to Beirut to take a flight to Geneva, where his latest film “Ladder to Damascus” is set to feature in the Swiss city’s upcoming film festival. Malas “phoned me to tell me he is being held for questioning by Syrian intelligence at the Syrian-Lebanese border,” his friend said on condition of anonymity. read more
#turkey submits #Internet #Censorship and monitoring bill
The Turkish government has moved to impose strict controls on the Internet by monitoring the activities of online users and blocking certain keywords, a parliamentary source said on Thursday. A bill has been submitted to parliament in the latest in a string of government moves testing freedom of expression in the aspiring EU member state. The proposed legislation will allow the authorities to block keywords deemed problematic and limit access to video-sharing websites that include them, the source said. read more
Broadcast cut after Turkish minister calls on PM to resign
Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip #erdogan acknowledges his supporters upon his arrival at Esenboga Airport in Ankara December 24, 2013. (Photo: AFP - Adem Altan)
#turkey's environment minister stepped down on Wednesday over a #Corruption probe, with his live broadcast being cut after calling on the prime minister to follow suit. “I am stepping down as minister and lawmaker,” Erdogan Bayraktar told the private NTV television. “I believe the prime minister should also resign,” he added before the television network cut the live broadcast in a move that immediately raised a stir on Twitter, with critics slamming it as #Censorship. Bayraktar was the third in the cabinet to resign Wednesday over an anti-graft probe that has roiled the government. read (...)
This #FILM Has Been Banned
Following what transpired at the opening night of the 2013 #Durban_International_Film_Festival (DIFF), director #Jahmil_X.T._Qubeka’s “#Of_Good_Report” will go down in history as one of the most spectacular opening night films seen by almost no one. After the obligatory opening night speeches–many of them evoking Nelson Mandela on his birthday, the pre-1994 [...]
The #Singapore way of #censorship : a blog must be licensed and a license costs $39500 - effectively killing freedom of speech:
The head of Saudi Arabia’s religious police has warned citizens against using Twitter, which is rising in popularity among Saudis. Sheikh Abdul Latif Abdul Aziz al-Sheikh said anyone using social media sites, and especially Twitter, “has lost this world and his afterlife”.
I’m on the Hiiiighway to Hell !
As expected, the #DCRI's attempt at #Wikipedia #Censorship turns into a firework of #Streisand effect :
The proliferation of the Autocomplete function on popular Web sites is a case in point. Nominally, all it does is complete your search query - on YouTube, on Google, on Amazon - before you’ve finished typing, using an algorithm to predict what you’re most likely typing. A nifty feature - but it, too, reinforces primness.
How so? Consider George Carlin’s classic comedy routine “Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television.” See how many of those words would autocomplete on your favorite Web site. In my case, YouTube would autocomplete none. Amazon almost none (it also hates “penis” and “vagina”). Of Carlin’s seven words, Google would autocomplete only “piss.”
très bonne idée @stephane, d’autant que si l’on canonicalise en utilisant canonical, ça marcherait, pour le cas cité puisque les deux pages référencées indiquent le même :
<link rel="canonical" href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/18/opinion/sunday/you-cant-say-that-on-the-internet.html?pagewanted=all">
(ainsi que pour tous les SPIP modernes d’ailleurs)
The Darknet Project: netroots activists dream of global mesh network
A group of Internet activists gathered last week in an Internet Relay Chat (IRC) channel to begin planning an ambitious project—they hope to overcome electronic surveillance and censorship by creating a whole new Internet. The group, which coordinates its efforts through the Reddit social networking site, calls its endeavor The Darknet Project (TDP).
#Bahrain: Where a Facebook “like” gets you expelled | Index on #Censorship
31 students permanently expelled from Bahrain Polytechnic for allegedly being involved in pro-democracy protests in February.
65 students were initially investigated, and in June, 63 students were eventually expelled for “participating in unlicensed gatherings and marches” based on evidence mostly obtained from social media pages like Facebook. After an external review of the case, 32 of the expelled students were allowed to return to Bahrain Polytechnic.
On Tuesday 21st June 2011, @wikileaks said:
The Atlantic is opportunistically trying to spread fear, uncertainty and doubt about Bitcoin. We have spent our Bitcoins on our work, and not as a result of speculation.
#WikiLeaks believes that #Bitcoin is a very promising #censorship resistant currency and that people should support it in practice and in principle. Bitcoin will eventually need to be augmented with a sub currency that has fixed time spend retractability if it is to be successful as a safe storage (as well as exchange) #currency for the average person, but this is a minor criticism compared to Bitcoins many emancipating benefits.
je pense qu’Assange fait référence à ▻http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/06/after-the-crash-whats-next-for-bitcoin/240696
J’ai l’impression en effet d’une vraie campagne anti-Bitcoin. Je ne parle pas des critiques techniques (il y en a des tas de légitimes) mais d’une vraie haine, comme si ce projet gênait.
Un bon exemple est le piratage récent d’une place de marché Bitcoin. Si je me fais voler mon portefeuille et que je ne récupère pas mes billets, personne ne dit que c’est de la faute du système d’argent liquide. Alors, pourquoi utiliser ce piratage comme argument anti-Bitcoin ?
Vol de portefeuille, casse de banque, emploi d’armes de guerre contre les transports de fonds : bien sûr que ce sont des bugs de l’argent liquide… si un nouvel entrant sur le marché présente les mêmes problèmes, c’est normal de le lui reprocher.
Sinon, le système bitcoin est complexe, et comme la campagne pro-bitcoin a beaucoup de succès, il est normal que fleurissent aussi les critiques ; je vois de tout sur le tag #bitcoin : des gens totalement pour, d’autres totalement contre, d’autres encore essayant de voir où ça peut mener sans être totalement l’un ou l’autre.