• Offshore turbines get approval of seals | Climate News Network

    By Tim Radford

    Researchers tracking the movements of seals in the North Sea reveal that “artificial reefs” created by wind farms and pipelines are becoming attractive as foraging grounds on fishing expeditions.

    LONDON, 25 July, 2014 − Environmental campaigners and countryside conservators aren’t the only fans of those great arrays of turbines, generating renewable energy from the winds at sea. Grey and harbour seals in the North Sea are beginning to show a preference for offshore wind farms as well.

    Deborah Russell, research fellow at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, and colleagues tracked the movements of both the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) and the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus).

    #climat #énergie_renouvelable

  • Once a month Hipsters don’t Dance will bless us with their top 5 World Carnival tunes

    Africa is a Country is proud to present a new partnership with London-based DJ crew Hipster’s Don’t Dance. The British DJ duo with Trinidadian and Nigerian origins are doing an amazing job representing the Atlantic #MUSIC world to the London massive with their regular parties, and reflecting back their London scene to the world with their outstanding blog, DJ […]

    #DJ_Hassan #Dr_Sid #Edem #Giggs #Hipsters_Don't_Dance #Moelogo #Show_You_The_Money #The_Baddest #Wicked_and_Bad #Wizkid

  • Ukraine-based wood firm extends reach to Canada

    Active Energy Group, a Ukraine-based supplier of wood chip and timber products traded on London’s Alternative Investment Market, on July 15 started a landmark forestry joint venture with three indigenous aboriginal groups in Alberta.

    The business  has the exclusive right to commercialize more than 100,000 hectares of mature forests belonging to Metis Settlements, descendants of European fur traders and aboriginal peoples.

    The Métis Settlements and Active Energy Group will each hold a 45 percent equity interest in the project, which will be incorporated in Canada and headquartered in Kelowna, British Columbia, with the remaining equity to be held by Ronald M. Derrickson. He and Active Energy CEO Richard Spinks of England met in Ukraine in 2008 when they were both involved in agriculture.

    Active Energy Group will commit to commercialize the forestry assets in exchange for its equity stake. According to the firm’s statement, the forests are primarily composed of mature standing aspen and poplar hardwood and spruce, pine and fir softwood species. The joint venture will be allowed to enter into subleases with third parties for approximately 200 years to help the “long-term economic development for the Metis peoples, in collaboration with international investors and commercial partners,” the statement says.
    Who owns the company isn’t as clear as its financial figures and operations. Spinks declined to say who actually owns Active Energy. According to its annual report, its largest shareholders are Gravendonck Private Foundation (Holland) with 30.5 percent, Eastwood SA (Luxembourg) with 12.22 percent, Windstar Investment SA (Panama) with 11.38 percent, Brahma Finance Limited (Monaco) with 3.89 percent, and Otkritie Securities Ltd (U.K.) with 3.4 percent
    Incorporation information of the shareholders was provided by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, a Kyiv Post partner.

    One shareholder, Otkritie, is Russia’s largest independent financial group by assets, which exceed $51 billion. Otkritie’s major shareholders currently include Vadim Belyaev of IFD Kapital Group, Ruben Aganbegyan of ICT Group, LUKOIL-GARANT Private Pension Fund, Alexander Mamut, and Sergey Gordeev, according to company information.

  • Jeremy Bowen’s Gaza notebook: I saw no evidence of Hamas using Palestinians as human shields

    I was back in London for my son’s 11th birthday party by the time all those people were killed in Shejaiya. But my impression of Hamas is different from Netanyahu’s. I saw no evidence during my week in Gaza of Israel’s accusation that Hamas uses Palestinians as human shields. I saw men from Hamas on street corners, keeping an eye on what was happening. They were local people and everyone knew them, even the young boys. Raji Sourani, the director of the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights in Gaza, told me that Hamas, whatever you think of it, is part of the Palestinian DNA.


    But it is wrong to suggest that Israeli civilians near Gaza suffer as much as Palestinians. It is much, much worse in Gaza. I defy anyone with an ounce of human feeling not to feel the same after ten minutes in Gaza’s Shifa Hospital with wounded and dying civilians. In the mortuary, it’s so overcrowded that the bodies of two children are crammed on to a single shelf. One day, they had only found enough of the remains of six women and children to fill a single stretcher.

    Before Gaza, I’d spent most of the past two months in Baghdad, Beirut, Jerusalem, Aleppo and Damascus. The Middle East is on fire. I haven’t seen anything like it since my first reporting trip to the region in 1990. I don’t think anyone knows how to put the fire out.

  • Substituting the Arab world’s international placenta with internal arteries

    The idea of the “international” has become a parody of its own self. This is not a recently unearthed fact; just one that comes to my attention every time we wait for verdicts of the international community, apply our massacres to international courts or when international solidarity becomes applause-worthy. A tens-of-thousands-of-people protest in London in support of the Palestinian cause is hailed as something significant. It is so because that means that the general public is somehow against war. It is shameful that this is considered significant. It is disgraceful that we don’t expect human solidarity from the general public, international or otherwise, as something natural. read (...)

  • Climate data shows clear signs of warming | Climate News Network

    By Alex Kirby

    Hundreds of scientists from 57 countries have fed evidence into a new report that provides a clear picture of how patterns, changes, and trends of the global climate system show that our planet is becoming a warmer place.

    LONDON, 24 July, 2014 − However you view the evidence, whatever set of measurements you examine, the picture that emerges is consistent: the Earth is heating up.

    The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports: “In 2013, the vast majority of worldwide climate indicators − greenhouse gases, sea levels, global temperatures, etc − continued to reflect trends of a warmer planet.”

  • Ukraine crisis puts Britain’s Cameron on spot over Russian donations - Yahoo News

    British Prime Minister David Cameron came under pressure over the Ukraine crisis on Wednesday after he was forced to defend a party political donation from the wife of a former minister in Russian President Vladimir Putin’s government.

    Lyubov Chernukhina, the wife of Vladimir Chernukhin, a former deputy finance minister in Putin’s government, agreed to pay 160,000 pounds ($272,500) to Cameron’s Conservative Party at a fund-raising gala this month in exchange for a game of tennis with Cameron and Boris Johnson, the mayor of London.

    But that and other donations to Cameron’s party to fund its campaign for re-election in 2015 have come under scrutiny after the British leader called for sanctions on Putin’s “cronies and oligarchs” following the downing of a Malaysian plane in eastern Ukraine last week.

    The opposition Labour Party has questioned Cameron’s credibility to talk tough on the issue at the same time as his party is taking donations from people with links to the Russian government, which it said were worth 910,000 pounds.

    And abroad, French politicians have accused Cameron of hypocrisy for criticizing France’s sale of two Mistral warships to Russia, while doing nothing that would affect Russian interests in Britain, home to many wealthy Russians.

    Cameron, who lawmakers queried on Wednesday on why Britain had granted licenses to sell arms to Russia, said criticism of his party’s funding was misplaced and that it would not be handing back Chernukhina’s donation.

    Of course I wouldn’t accept money from someone who is a Putin crony but my understanding is that this person certainly isn’t that and has lived in Britain for many years and is now actually a British citizen so I don’t think that would be the right approach,” Cameron told British TV.

    A source close to Cameron’s party said Chernukhina’s husband had been sacked by Putin and could not be credibly described as having any links with the Russia’s government.

    Documents from Britain’s electoral watchdog show that Chernukhina had made three previous cash donations to the Conservative Party totaling 5,500 pounds since August 2012. Another donation of 10,000 pounds, in April 2012, was rejected because she was not eligible to vote at the time.

    Labour called on Cameron to be honest about Russia-linked party donations.

    People will be surprised at the extent of Russian wealth bankrolling David Cameron’s re-election fund,” Sheila Gilmore, a Labour member of parliament, said in a statement.

    There can be no impression of conflicts of interest or hypocrisy at such an important time.

    Johnson told Sky News that he would not play tennis with any crony of Putin’s.

  • In limbo : Inside Britain’s detention system

    #Bedfordshire, United Kingdom - On the wall at the visitor’s reception room at the Yarl’s Wood Immigration Removal Centre, a row of clocks display the time in various countries around the world.

    But for many of those detained here, time seems to stands still.

    Yarl’s Wood is located one hour north of London, at the back of an industrial estate in rural Bedfordshire between a drone manufacturer and a pet crematorium. At first glance, it resembles a motel. Surprisingly clean and modern, the centre had a facelift in 2002 after most of the building was reduced to a smoking ruin after a riot by inmates.

    To visit a detainee (or “resident”, to use the parlance of the authorities), one has to surrender all possessions and submit to an airport-security-style pat-down.

    #détention #rétention #détention_administrative #UK #Angleterre #migration #asile #réfugiés

  • Meet the Somalis | Open Society Foundations (OSF)

    Meet the Somalis is a collection of 14 illustrated stories depicting the real life experiences of Somalis in seven cities in Europe: Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Leicester, London, Malmö, and Oslo. The stories allow readers a unique insight into what everyday life is like as a Somali in Europe. Meet the Somalis is based on the firsthand testimonies of Somalis in Europe interviewed during six months in 2013.

  • Is the New BRICS Bank a Challenge to US Global Financial Power? | TRNN 2014-07-18

    Michael Hudson and Leo Panitch discuss and debate the significance of the new international development bank created by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

    La trace écrite chez


    JAY: Okay. So, Michael, if I understand, your main argument is—in some ways it’s not that different, in some respects, from what Leo was saying. You’re not saying they’re getting off the whole capitalist bandwagon. What you’re saying they’re doing is buying themselves a little more room in terms of their foreign policy.

    HUDSON: There is a very broad range over what they can do. And if you look at what is the most likely of common denominator, it’s exactly what Leo said. The common denominator is it’s their capitalists against the U.S. capitalists, it’s their saying, what can we do to be free of the U.S. banks and Wall Street and the City of London and the financial extractive loans. At least the neoliberal plans today have gone beyond trying to finance infrastructure development. The financial system in the West is almost entirely extractive now, not productive. The capitalist class in the countries that Leo’s mentioned want at least some bank to do some productive loans that they can benefit from, rather than having the U.S. come in and grab everything for itself like a privatization on behalf of the U.S. You see this kind of fight going on in Greece right now, where the eurozone said, Greece as to privatize its natural resources to pay the debt. Half the privatization last year was to be the sale of its gas rights.


    PANITCH: So, I’m sorry, I don’t see the world in terms of competition amongst the capitalist classes of the world in the sense you’re speaking of. I think there is a very deep integration on the part of the leading capitalists in these countries, including the domestic ones, into globalization. I think that’s true of Vale in Brazil.

    JAY: That’s the world’s largest iron ore company.

    PANITCH: That’s the world’s largest iron ore company, which, sure, is competing with other iron ore companies. But it doesn’t see itself as aligned against the American bourgeoisie or the American capitalist class. This is not right.
    And moreover, I think that these capitalist classes very much want access to the deep financial markets of London and New York. They don’t want to leave them; they want to be part of them. They want access to them. Indeed, they’ve been floating bond us in those markets—dangerously, in terms of volatility. So I think—and it has to be said the reason they do so is that their financial markets, their bond markets, even the European bond market relative to the London/New York access, remain extremely weak, extremely vulnerable. So it’s also a matter of where the deep institutional strength of capitalism is.
    I would make one other point. I don’t think that finance, even Wall Street and London—the City of London finance is merely parasitic. I think it facilitates, it underwrites, it’s very important in terms of hedging for all of the integrated production that goes on between China and the United States, between South Africa and Europe. This plays a functional role for all these value chains. Of course there’s loads of speculation in this, but it means that industry is linked up with this speculation. These aren’t separated compartments. And you can’t unscramble them.

    HUDSON: I see that I’m emphasizing the geopolitical much more than you of nobody’s talking about Brazil and other countries not interacting with the London and New York money markets. What they don’t want to do is to have the U.S. government and U.S. banks act as a threat, a threat against their countries. And of course they’re trying to keep their—have other options apart from being tied into the U.S. as a system of control. They want to break free of U.S. control, basically, and European control is a satellite of the United States.

    PANITCH: Yeah. But since politics and economics aren’t so easily separated, their continuing interest and increased interest in being linked economically and financially means that the American state, given its superintending role of Wall Street and the City of London, will continue to have power vis-à-vis them. They would like to, as we’ve agreed, they’d like to have more room for maneuver in the face of that enormous power of the American Empire, but they are not interested in breaking from it.


    BRICS: Progressive Rhetoric, Neoliberal Practice | TRNN 2014-07-14
    Patrick Bond: All the governments behind the New Development Bank practice intense neoliberalism

    La trace écrite chez


    JAY: Okay. So let’s say that they are as neoliberal as they come. But at the geopolitical level—like, for example, let’s take the leadup to the war in Iraq. Now, France is not part of BRICS, but France, for its own reasons, its own interests, stood up to the United States at the UN Security Council in quite an interesting way. So did some of the other countries. I mean, China, I think, actually could’ve been, certainly, bolder than they were, but they couldn’t get—the Americans couldn’t get the votes they wanted to give a clear-cut authorization of the Iraq War. It didn’t stop them from doing it illegally anyway, but it was an important moment. And with an institution like this new bank, and perhaps even building on that—for example, right now there’s the sanctions against Russia over the Ukraine. There’s a story in The New York Times today that it’s not going to have that much effect. One of the major Russian oil companies was targeted for sanctions, and one of the sanctions was going to make it more difficult for it to get capital in the Western capital markets. And now, apparently, they’re just going to borrow the money from the Chinese, and so the sanction’s not going to affect it as much. So I guess my question is is that within this context of global and neoliberal capitalism, getting to a more multipolar world, getting to a point where some of these other bigger powers can push back against the United States, which clearly is the biggest military operation on the planet and is the one that keeps starting major war after major war, is this—whatever room they can create for themselves, isn’t this a good thing?

    BOND: Well, it could be if the modus operandi operates in a way that reduces U.S. power systematically. But as we’ve seen, when there are inter-imperial rivalries, that can often lead to a much more dangerous outcome. For example, the way to handle the kinds of pressures that the U.S. puts on other countries—the coalition of the willing, certainly, in the UN Security Council in 2003, the U.S. was unable to get authorization, because the Chinese and Russians and French wouldn’t support—they would veto the approval. But, you know, in May they then approved that the U.S. could run Iraq, having invaded it.
    What was interesting this week on that front was that the UN Security Council reforms that are being proposed for many years to widen up the permanent members with a veto to move from five to ten by adding three BRICS—South Africa, Brazil, and India, as well as Germany and Japan—those ideas, which you’d have thought perhaps China and Russia would have supported to get more of their allies on board in the Security Council, they didn’t. It was quite a revealing memorandum that was released at the end of the BRICS summit in which the BRICS only said that it would be an increased role for the these other three smaller countries, as opposed to China and Russia.

    JAY: So this inter-imperialist rivalry is even amongst the BRICS countries. And we even saw this with a big fight between China and India about where the bank was going to be—this new bank was going to be based.

    BOND: Well, indeed. There was a lot of face-saving. And I can just imagine these finance ministers, reserve bank governors, and all of their bureaucrats fighting over the fine details. They eloquently and geometrically resolved that by setting up all kinds of mechanisms to appear that each of the five countries got a little piece. For example, in South Africa, Johannesburg will have a branch plant of the BRICS bank, and that will allow South Africa to help control the funding flows in and out of Africa, which is South Africa’s so-called gateway role that they’ve desired, and that would be very much an example of South imperialism insofar as the hinterlands of the BRICS countries are under the thumb of the regional hegemons, South Africa in Africa probably wanting now to have a more regularized extraction system of the valuable member minerals and petroleum from this continent.
    However, I think you’re right that we will probably see the kind of tensions in a logic of expansionism, territorial ambitions of a Russia and China. Well, Russia now, of course, moving to the West to try to capture some of the ground lost when the USSR fell apart, China moving aggressively even into Vietnamese territorial waters to grab islands, of course the conflict with Taiwan and Japan, these are moments where I think there’s a fair bit of danger, and not just in the symbolic sense of territorial expansionism, but actually in potential alliances, that the BRICS will become an inter-imperial force with a more aggressive approach to capital accumulation. And that’s where these two logics come together.



    #Russie #Russland
    #Indes #India
    #Brésil #Brasil
    #Afrique_du_Sud #South_Africa #Südafrika

    #capitalisme #Kapitalismus

    #USA #États-unis

    #Worldbank #Banque_mondiale #Weltbank

  • Major Study: Monsanto GMO Corn Can Cause Damage to Liver and Kidneys, and Severe Hormonal Disruption | Alternet

    A scientific study that identified serious health impacts on rats fed on ’Roundup ready’ GMO maize has been republished following its controversial retraction under strong commercial pressure. Now regulators must respond and review GMO and agro-chemical licenses, and licensing procedures.

    A highly controversial paper by Prof Gilles-Eric Séralini and colleagues has been republished after a stringent peer review process.

    The chronic toxicity study examines the health impacts on rats of eating a commercialized genetically modified (GM) maize, Monsanto’s NK603 glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup.

    Dr Michael Antoniou, a molecular geneticist based in London, commented, "Few studies would survive such intensive scrutiny by fellow scientists.

    "The republication of the study after three expert reviews is a testament to its rigour, as well as to the integrity of the researchers. If anyone still doubts the quality of this study, they should simply read the republished paper. The science speaks for itself.

    “If even then they refuse to accept the results, they should launch their own research study on these two toxic products that have now been in the human food and animal feed chain for many years.”

    An ’urgent review’ of pesticide licensing is needed

    Given these concerns, said Holden, “there is a strong case for an urgent review of the regulatory process for licensing both the herbicide Roundup and the neonicotinoid class of insecticides. A fundamental review of the entire process for licensing agricultural chemicals is required to ensure that in future the public interest is better served.”

    Professor Pete Myers, Chief Executive of Environmental Health Sciences and scientific advisor to the SFT points out that only “the tiniest fraction of agricultural chemicals” have been studied for health effects by independent scientists:

    "Over the last two-decades there has been a revolution in environmental health sciences that suggests the proportion of diseases attributable to chemical exposures is far bigger and more significant than previously understood.

    "The tools we have available to us to say what is safe and not safe are deeply flawed. They are not based on two decades of development in the fields of endocrine disruption and epigenetics, but instead on tests developed in the 1950s.

    “They do not reflect the complexity of mixtures, or the way in which chemicals interact.”

  • Bank of England governor warns of a bubble as UK house prices rise 10.5%

    Rising house prices and high levels of household debt could tip the UK back into recession if left unchecked, the Bank of England governor has warned.

    Mark Carney told MPs on the Treasury select committee that the threat of a property bubble was the “biggest risk” to economic recovery over the medium term, as official figures showed house prices rose by 10.5% in the year to May – and more than 20% in London.

    #immobilier #Londres #Royaume-Uni #endettement #économie

  • Critics refute assets claim by ‘Orwellian’ Shell | Climate News Network

    By Alex Kirby

    The world’s biggest oil company has been accused of ‘doublethink’ in claiming that its fossil fuel assets will continue to be highly profitable and in demand, while recognising the need for decisive action on climate change.

    London, 9 July 2014 − Is investment in fossil fuels a prudent bet? For some time, critics have been warning major oil and gas companies that their reserves could soon be worthless if the world acts decisively on climate change.

    The world’s biggest oil company, Shell, recently insisted that its reserves would remain in demand and would continue to sell at a profit, and that no global climate agreement would damage its profits.

    #shell #climat #énergie_fossile

    • Climat : 80 % des réserves de pétrole, de gaz
      et de charbon n’auraient pas la moindre valeur !

      Si l’humanité réussissait (sait-on jamais ?) à réduire suffisamment ses émissions de gaz à effet de serre pour limiter à +2°C le réchauffement
      du climat d’ici à 2050, alors une gigantesque bulle de carbone éclaterait.
      Une bulle financière, s’entend, qui mettrait à genoux toutes les plus grandes firmes mondiales du pétrole, du charbon et du gaz naturel.

      Le raisonnement proposé par la petite ONG britannique Carbon Tracker est aussi simple que vertigineux. Il a retenu l’attention du Financial Times comme celle du Guardian.

      En 2011, l’humanité a déjà relâché dans l’atmosphère un tiers des 886 gigatonnes (Gt) de CO2 auxquelles elle a « droit » d’ici à 2050, si elle veut limiter la hausse globale des températures à +2°C, limite préconisée par les Nations unies.
      Il reste au maximum 565 Gt de CO2 à émettre, en quelque sorte notre extrême crédit climat pour les trente-huit années qui viennent.
      Le total des réserves prouvées d’énergies fossiles encore enfouies sous terre représente un potentiel d’émission de 2 795 Gt de CO2.

    • Selon le rapport du GIEC et ce qui n’a pas été dit officiellement, c’est que nous avons atteint le point de non-retour et ce ne sera pas de +2°C de plus qu’il y aura d’ici 2050, mais +4°C...J’ai fait un article là faudrait que je le retrouve, Bigre !

  • Waste problems still haunt nuclear option | Climate News Network

    By Paul Brown

    Nuclear power is seen as one of the possible solutions to climate change, but the recent closure of five US power stations is forcing the industry to face up at last to the damaging legacy of how to deal with radioactive waste.

    LONDON, 15 July, 2014 − Long-term employment is hard to find these days, but one career that can be guaranteed to last a lifetime is dealing with nuclear waste.

    #nucléaire #états-unis

    • Nom d’un chien ! Mais ils ne peuvent pas arrêter les centrales nucléaires et la gestion des déchets radioactifs en une seule vie. Fukushima et dernièrement, l’effondrement d’une galerie de déchets radioactifs aux USA (suite à un forage pour gaz de schiste) montrent que le nucléaire n’est de loin pas une énergie propre.
      Il faut subventionner la recherche sur l’énergie alternative.

  • Europe faces deadly cost for climate inaction | Climate News Network

    By Tim Radford

    A failure to act to reduce the impacts of climate change could cost Europe dear in lives lost and economic damage, according to a European Commission study.

    LONDON, 13 July 2014 − Inaction over climate change costs lives. And in the case of European inaction, it is estimated that this could one day cost 200,000 lives a year.

    That is the warning in a new European Commission (EC) study, which also says that failing to take the necessary action could burn 8,000 square kilometres of forest, and commit European taxpayers to at least €190 billion (US$259 bn) a year in economic losses.

    #climat #europe

    • J’ai entendu environ 30’000 morts par année, seulement en Suisse. Car même si on est les champions du recyclage, on stocke la pollution des particules fines et autres bidules grâce à nos montagnes qui arrêtent la pollution venant de l’Ouest.
      Sans compter notre smog autour des lacs...

      Et ça, ce n’est que pour les problèmes respiratoires...

  • Atlases reveal climate and weather impacts | Climate News Network

    By Alex Kirby

    Two new atlases provide clear visual evidence of the effect climate change and extreme weather can have on people and property.

    LONDON, 12 July 2014 – For people who find it hard to believe the Earth really is warming, new visual evidence will soon be available – two atlases, one showing graphically the retreat of Arctic ice, the other the human and economic price exacted by extreme weather.

    The 10th edition of the National Geographic Atlas of the World is to be published on 30 September. The publication’s geographer, Juan José Valdés, says the reduction in multi-year ice – ice that has survived for two summers – is so noticeable compared with previous editions that it is the biggest visible change since the breakup of the USSR.

    #arctique #climat

  • ISIS in control of 60 percent of Syrian oil: sources « ASHARQ AL-AWSAT

    ISIS in control of 60 percent of Syrian oil: sources
    Al-Qaeda-splinter group expanding oil production efforts in Syria

    London, Asharq Al-Awsat—The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is preparing to seize one of the few remaining major oil production centers in Syria not under its control, according to Syrian opposition officials.

    “ISIS is already in control of more than 60 percent of Syria’s oil, with a total production rate of 180, 0000 barrel per day” and now plans to seize facilities in the northern province of Hassakah, an official from the Ministry of Energy in the interim Syrian opposition government, Yamin Al-Shami, told Asharq Al-Awsat.

    Having seized control of the majority of oil fields in Raqqa province, in central Syria, and Deir Ezzor province, along the Iraqi border, ISIS is preparing to mobilize fighters in a new push towards the town of Rmelan, home to the largest oil fields in Hassakah. Rmealn is under the control of Kurdish People’s Protection Units, or YPG.

    Shami warned that oil production constitutes a significant source of revenue for ISIS, adding that the Islamist militant group is able to sell a barrel of crude oil for around 18 US dollars. Brent crude, a global benchmark, currently sells at around 107 US dollars.

    Oil is transported from ISIS-held areas with the help of local and foreign brokers, Shami said.

    Despite its recent advances in Iraq, ISIS has been unable to take control of oil resources comparable to those it holds in Syria, and its recent attempt to capture the key Baiji refinery was successfully deterred by Iraqi forces. But Iraq’s oil infrastructure is far from secure, and there are frequent reports that huge amounts of crude oil are being smuggled out of the country by militants.

    “Militant groups, along with ISIS, are stealing crude oil from fields near the Hamrin mountains” in northeastern Iraq, a local administrative official, Shallal Abdool, told Asharq Al-Awsat.

    “Kurdish Peshmerga forces that control the area have seized more than 50 tankers loaded with stolen crude oil,” he added.

    When asked about the destination to which oil is being taken, Abdool said: “There are many sides inside and outside Iraq that buy crude oil . . . and there are smugglers and brokers in Iraq who buy it for a cheap price in order to sell it abroad.”

    Valerie Marcel, of London-based Chatham House think tank, said: “Fighters from ISIS can sell oil on the black market to buyers from Turkey, the Kurdistan region and Iran.”

    “ISIS’s use of temporary refineries allows them to sell oil more easily.”

    But, pointing to the fact that oil smuggling has been a problem for decades, others played down worries about ISIS’s oil activities.

    “Oil smuggling operations from these sites exist and have been taking place for a long time before ISIS took over Nineveh province,” the governor of Salah Al-Din province, Ahmed Abdullah Al-Jubouri, told Asharq Al-Awsat.

  • Rapid Price Increases for Some Generic Drugs Catch Users by Surprise

    What the cardiologist did not know then was that the price of generic digoxin was rapidly rising. The three companies selling the drug in the United States had increased the price they charge pharmacies, at least nearly doubling it since late last year, according to EvaluatePharma, a London-based consulting firm.

    #pharma #génériques

  • Arctic warming upsets birds’ breeding calendar | Climate News Network

    By Tim Radford

    As global warming increasingly causes Arctic snow to melt earlier, researchers warn that it could have a long-term adverse effect on the breeding success of migrant birds.

    LONDON, 8 July, 2014 − Arctic migrants are nesting up to seven days earlier as the world warms. The sandpiper makes a beeline for the Alaskan shores, to join the phalarope on the beach and the songbirds in the woods − and all because the winter snows are melting earlier.

    #climat #arctique #biodiversité #oiseaux
    Conservation scientists Joe Liebezeit and Steve Zack – both then of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) – and colleagues report in the journal Polar Biology that they looked into nearly 2,500 nests of four shorebird species in Alaska – two sandpipers, two phalaropes − and a songbird called the Lapland songspur over a nine-year period.

  • Quick fixes won’t solve CO2 danger | Climate News Network

    By Tim Radford

    New research backs up the growing body of evidence that the only way to limit global warming in the long term is a serious cut in carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels.

    LONDON, 6 July, 2014 − Once again, US scientists have come to the same conclusion: there really is no alternative. The only way to contain climate change and limit global warming, they say, is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

    It won’t really help to concentrate on limiting methane emissions, or even potent greenhouse gases such as hydrofluorcarbons, or nitrous oxide, or the soot and black carbon that also contribute to global warming. Containing all or any of them would make a temporary difference, but the only thing that can work in the long run is a serious cut in carbon dioxide emissions.

    #climat #co2

  • Whalers tale sheds new light on Arctic ice | Climate News Network

    Vital data on the Arctic ice sheet before extensive fossil fuel use began to impact on climate has been gleaned from a new study analysing the log books of British whaling ships’ journeys more than 200 years ago.

    LONDON, 5 July, 2014 − British whaling ships from Tyneside in the north-east of England made 458 trips to the edge of the Arctic ice between 1750 and 1850. Their log books contained detailed records of perilous journeys, whales caught, and the tons of blubber and barrels of oil they brought home.

    #climat #arctique

  • Climate puts US at risk of multi-billion bill | Climate News Network

    A study of the possible cost of climate change to the US economy warns government and business that billions of dollars could be at risk through damage to property, reduced harvests and workers incapacitated by extreme heat.

    LONDON, 29 June, 2014 − The sheer economic cost of climate change to Americans could be far greater than many realise, an influential study says.

    The study was commissioned by the Risky Business Project, a research organisation chaired by a bi-partisan panel and supported by several former US Treasury Secretaries.

    #climat #états-unis #économie