Low wages are passé - #Shenzhen is about know-how. Key manufacturing knowledge may currently exist only there: ▻http://joi.ito.com/weblog/2014/09/01/shenzhen-trip-r.html #China #manufacturing
"While intellectual property seems to be mostly ignored, tradecraft and trade secrets seem to be shared selectively in a complex network of family, friends and trusted colleagues. This feels a lot like open source, but it’s not. The pivot from piracy to staking out intellectual property rights isn’t a new thing. The United States blatantly stole book copyright until it developed it’s own publishing very early in US history. The Japanese copied US auto companies until it found itself in a leadership position. It feels like Shenzhen is also at this critical point where a country/ecosystem goes from follower to leader"
These shops have a lot of great stories as to how they came across these goods and you would be forgiven for believing one of them to be honest, they can tell a good story.
When this container of incredibly priced shoes arrives at customs and you are getting them inspected before they clear through and can be delivered to your warehouse what will happen when they ask to see your documentation allowing you to import a trademarked brand? You guessed it. Best case scenario you lose the goods, worst case you lose a lot more. In fact so many shipping companies are sick of this headache they may ask to see your trademark rights documentation before shipping the goods.
Les produits refurbished :
These are “genuine products” which did actually start life as a factory original item. They are then stripped down with the internals removed and replaced with Chinese copy parts. Hard drives, screen, processors, camera lenses, and casings are all stripped off and sold for a profit then replaced with inferior, but working replacements.
avec un effet contre-intuitif sur la destination géographique de ces produits :
These places are becoming more and more popular now as countless foreign markets emerge where branded originals are extremely expensive. Not for instance in the UK and USA where branded originals are actually quite good value. I am talking about African, Middle East and South American countries where high demand and low supply for genuine branded goods means that these lower quality refurbished models have a good market.
I have met a lot of interesting people from African countries who are opening hotels or bars there and come here to buy the products that just aren’t available back home.
Like this guy below who has travelled here to buy two hundred 32” lcd tv’s his boss needs for the hotel bed rooms in his latest development because there is no place where they come from to buy such things. Many times I have shown them the price in the UK on my ipad and they have been close to jumping on a plane to make a call into an Argos store.
Déjà en 2009 j’avais vu au Ghana des hotels intégralement équipés en matériel Chinois - de la plomberie au papier toilettes en passant par les télévisions... Probablement sans compter les matériaux de constructions - comme le mentionne cet article: ►http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/article/1521076/afro-chinese-marriages-boom-guangzhou-will-it-be-til-death - “Today, he owns a five million yuan (HK$6.3 million) flat in Zhujiang New Town, Guangzhou’s smartest district, drives a car worth US$64,000 and speaks Putonghua. Issa ships 50 to 200 containers home per year - full of construction materials, because ’they’re the most lucrative’ - and makes an average US$2,000 on each container”.
Oui... Bizarre cette vague Chinoise chez moi ces derniers temps... Ca doit probablement avoir quelque chose à voir avec l’intérêt croissant de ma femme à trouver des fournisseurs de mèches Africaines directement là-bas... Je suis contaminé par la curiosité !
New Facts Revealed on 2010 Ousting of Australian PM
Interviews with senior Labor Party figures, both past and present, published in the new book Triumph and Demise by the Australian newspaper’s leading political journalist Paul Kelly, cast a further revealing light on the circumstances surrounding the June 23-24, 2010 coup that ousted Labor leader Kevin Rudd as prime minister and installed Julia Gillard.
Kelly does not delve into the driving forces of the coup, in particular the role played by the United States as the Obama administration set in place the anti-China “#pivot” to Asia. However, what he does present demolishes the fiction that Rudd’s removal was about poor public opinion poll ratings or his dysfunctional management style.
Kelly concludes: “The argument of the anti-Rudd faction chiefs that Rudd was in an irrecoverable position is unpersuasive. Former Prime Minister John Howard and his deputy, Peter Costello, said later they believed Rudd would have won any 2010 election against Tony Abbott.”
Polls, however, did play an important part in creating the conditions for carrying out the coup. But they were not those conducted by established polling organisations and published in the daily newspapers. These were “internal” polls conducted by the right-wing leadership of the New South Wales branch of the Labor Party, which had a leading role in the coup. They purportedly showed a 7 percent swing against Labor in four marginal seats and that the party was heading for a major electoral defeat.
In December 2010, leaked US diplomatic cables provided by #WikiLeaks showed that the main plotters in the anti-Rudd coup within the Labor Party and the trade unions, including Mark Arbib, David Feeney and the then Australian Workers Union chief Paul Howes, provided the US embassy with regular updates on internal government discussions and were characterised as “protected sources.”
While domestic factors such as the mining companies’ heavily-funded campaign against the proposed resource rent tax undoubtedly helped create an air of “crisis” around the government, the coup was the outcome of geo-political shifts emanating from Washington.
In 2010, the Obama administration was setting in place the foundations for its anti-China pivot to Asia. As events over the past four years have made clear, Australia and Japan are the two major anchor points for US preparations for military activities against China. However, before they could go ahead, political changes had to be carried out.
Para fortalecer reservas, BCRA gatillará swap chino - Ambito.com
El directorio del BCRA ya tiene decidido gatillar el swap de monedas con China, firmado en julio cuando visitó el país el presidente de esa nación, Xi Xinping. La idea es efectivizar la operación en septiembre para evitar que las reservas caigan, en un mes donde habrá vencimientos de deuda y más pagos de energía. Para el primer tramo, se buscaría conseguir el equivalente a u$s 1.000 millones en yuanes convertibles, que luego se convierten en dólares. A cambio, el Gobierno entregaría pesos al tipo de cambio oficial.
Impressionnante image satellite : là où la Chine et le Kazakhstan se rencontrent...
Landsat Image Gallery - Where China and Kazakhstan Meet
While people often say that borders aren’t visible from space, the line between Kazakhstan and China could not be more clear in this satellite image. Acquired by the Landsat 8 satellite on September 9, 2013, the image shows northwestern China around the city of Qoqek and far eastern Kazakhstan near Lake Balqash.
The border between the two countries is defined by land-use policies. In China, land use is intense. Only 11.62 percent of China’s land is arable. Pressed by a need to produce food for 1.3 billion people, China farms just about any land that can be sustained for agriculture. Fields are dark green in contrast to the surrounding arid landscape, a sign that the agriculture is irrigated. As of 2006, about 65 percent of China’s fresh water was used for agriculture, irrigating 629,000 square kilometers (243,000 square miles) of farmland, an area slightly smaller than the state of Texas.
Un chasseur chinois frôle un avion militaire américain
Comme d’habitude on ne connaîtra qu’une seule version,
...l’avion américain, un P8-Poseidon de surveillance maritime (...) effectuait une mission de routine, a déclaré le contre-amiral John Kirby, porte-parole du Pentagone.
China urges U.S. to stop close-in surveillance - Xinhua | English.news.cn
BEIJING, Aug. 23 (Xinhua) — Chinese Defense Ministry here on Saturday urged the U.S. side to stop close-in surveillance of China, and create a sound atmosphere for bilateral military ties.
The ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said in a statement that one U.S. anti-submarine plane and one patrol aircraft flew to an airspace about 220 kilometers east of China’s Hainan Island to conduct close-in surveillance Tuesday morning, and then a Chinese fighter jet took off to make regular identification and verification.
Commenting on relevant criticism made by the U.S. side, Yang said that was “totally groundless,” as the Chinese pilot, with professional operation, kept the jet within a safe distance from the U.S. aircraft.
It was U.S. massive and frequent close-in surveillance of China that endanger the two sides’ air and marine security, and is the root of accidents, he said.
China urged the U.S. side to abide by international law and international practice, respect concerns of the coastal countries, and properly deal with the differences between the two sides on air and marine security issues, he said.
Yang said that the U.S. side should follow the principle of non-conflict, non-confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation, take concrete actions, reduce and finally stop close-in surveillance of China, so as to create a sound atmosphere for bilateral military ties.
Zuunii Medee spoke frankly with with I.K.Azizov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Russia to Mongolia, ahead of President Putin’s upcoming state visit, and discussed bilateral relations and upcoming negotiations.
We have only two neighbor countries and our citizens have always shown a fondness for Russia. Even now, we use the term “brothers”.
It’s probably a tradition from the Soviet Union. I know that in Asia, fraternity is designated as older or younger brothers. I guess that the word “brother” is respectful, but I prohibit using this term, because I don’t want to insult Mongolians by saying something domineering, like “You’re our younger brothers and we are your older brothers.” Therefore, we can’t define our current relations this way.
Réponse très diplomatique, sachant qu’effectivement il y a deux mots frère en mongol selon qu’il s’agit du grand frère (ах) ou du petit frère (дүү)…
Mongolians are expecting so much from Putin’s visit. For example, setting gas lines from Russia to China through Mongolia. Of course, the Ulaanbaatariin Tunkhaglal (UB Declaration) is an important document. However, we can’t see improvements to economic ties and investment issues. We haven’t implemented any major economic projects. Do you think we will establish an agreement on a project which could be an economic boom?
We have been looking for chances to strengthen our friendly relations. I don’t agree with you that there have been no improvements to bilateral relations since 2000. If we want to use the term “boom”, cancelling 97.8 percent of Mongolian debt can apply. This set the Mongolian economy free and positively influenced drawing in external investment for multilateral projects.
Then will the issue on setting up a gas line through Mongolia be approached again? Or has it already been decided that the gas line from Russia to China will not pass through Mongolia?
As President Putin said, setting the gas line to the east is already obvious, but it won’t pass through Mongolia. Also, we are planning to set up a gas line to China in the west. We are actively discussing the operation of those gas lines with the Chinese side.
What is your opinion on bilateral visa exemptions?
We have information that from Mongolia to Russia, 600,000 people travel in duplicated numbers, whereas from Russia to Mongolia, it’s 100,000 people. From our experience, we’ve noticed that after exempting visa requirements, the number of travelers surges. If we reach this agreement on visa exemption, then multilateral relations will improve in business, humanity, culture, science, education, sport and tourism.
Worst drought in half a century hits China’s bread-basket
HONG KONG (MarketWatch) — China’s worst drought in half a century is sweeping across crucial agricultural regions, devastating harvests in its wake and threatening food security.
Comment: See how borders change on Google Maps depending on where you are | SBS News
It’s hard to draw a map without making someone angry. There are 32 countries that Google Maps won’t draw borders around. While the so-called geo-highlighting feature—which Google uses to show a searched area’s borders—is unaffected by the locale of the person looking at them, the borders drawn on Google’s base map will look different depending on where in the world you are.
For example, look at the borders of Arunachal Pradesh—an area administered by India but claimed as a section of Tibet by China (which also claims Tibet). The region is shown as part of India when viewed in India; as part of China when viewed in China; and as distinct from both countries when viewed in the US.
China’s Cartography won’t Change Ground Reality: MEA - The New Indian Express
NEW DELHI: Even as Vice-President Hamid Ansari took part in the 60th anniversary celebrations of Panchsheel in Beijing, India lashed out at a new Chinese map which shows disputed regions, including Arunachal Pradesh as the Communist nation’s sovereign territory.
“The cartographic depictions do not change the reality on the ground,” said Ministry of External Affairs Spokesperson Syed Akbaruddin. “The fact that Arunachal is an integral and inalienable part of India has been conveyed to Chinese authority at several occasions, including at the very highest level,” he added.
Le poisson le plus cher du monde est en voie de disparition.
Yet More Endangered Species On Sale In Hong Kong, This Time The ’Large Croaker’ Fish... | Alex Hofford Photography
According to Yvonne Sadovy, a marine biologist at the University of Hong Kong, “most of the large croakers that we know about are over-fished”. And the ’Chinese Bahaba’ (bahaba taipingensis), otherwise known as a ’Giant Yellow Croaker’ is teetering on the verge of extinction. This fish’s native habitat is in estuarine waters along the coast of southern China, so over-fishing and loss of habitat are the major challenges it faces in its daily struggle to survive. Click here to find out more about how last month one of these huge fish, a 135 kilogram, fifty year old ’Chinese Bahaba’, was caught in China’s Zhejiang Province, and sold for over US$500,000.00. That’s right, half a million dollars. Half a million U.S. dollars, not Hong Kong dollars.
Downcast : Critically endangered bahaba caught and sold for $500,000
According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Bahaba’s swim bladder “is highly appreciated for its medicinal properties and as a general tonic for health.” Its use in traditional Chinese medicine resulted in the species being heavily overfished, to the point where any catch is widely reported in China’s media.
Bahaba are endemic to the East China and South China seas. According to the IUCN, no spawning populations of the fish are known, and “there are likely to be few or no refuges remaining for recovery.”
Les articles datent de 2010 ...
Week in Photos (July 19-July 25)
China’s Yang Jian dives during the warm up of the men’s 10 metre platform final at the 19th FINA Diving World Cup in Shanghai on July 20, 2014. (Photo: Johannes Eisele-AFP) China’s Yang Jian dives during the warm up of the men’s 10 metre platform final at the 19th FINA Diving World Cup in Shanghai on July 20, 2014. (Photo: Johannes Eisele-AFP) Two women walking in front of Svyato-Dukhov (Holy Spirit ) Orthodox cathedral are reflected in the wet tablets of a roadway in the Belarus capital Minsk, on July 20, 2014. (Photo: Sergei Gapon-AFP) Two women walking in front of Svyato-Dukhov (Holy Spirit ) Orthodox cathedral are reflected in the wet tablets of a (...)
BRICS: Progressive Rhetoric, Neoliberal Practice
So let’s assume that this is not—this BRICS development, the new bank, it’s not anti-capitalist, it’s not anti-neoliberal, it goes along with the current form of global finance capitalism. But that doesn’t mean they don’t want to make some room between themselves and U.S. domination. It doesn’t mean that Russia and China, you know, which are very big economies, especially—as you said, China is number two now, and I guess it’s not going to be that long before it’s the largest economy in the world—don’t want to get pushed around anymore within that system. And this was a bit of what Michael Hudson’s point was. I think it was—we may go back with those two guys again so we can get a chance to develop it further. But, I mean, World War II, the countries that fought World War II were all part of global capitalism. It didn’t stop them from going to war with each other.
Is the New BRICS Bank a Challenge to US Global Financial Power? | TRNN 2014-07-18
Michael Hudson and Leo Panitch discuss and debate the significance of the new international development bank created by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
JAY: Okay. So, Michael, if I understand, your main argument is—in some ways it’s not that different, in some respects, from what Leo was saying. You’re not saying they’re getting off the whole capitalist bandwagon. What you’re saying they’re doing is buying themselves a little more room in terms of their foreign policy.
HUDSON: There is a very broad range over what they can do. And if you look at what is the most likely of common denominator, it’s exactly what Leo said. The common denominator is it’s their capitalists against the U.S. capitalists, it’s their saying, what can we do to be free of the U.S. banks and Wall Street and the City of London and the financial extractive loans. At least the neoliberal plans today have gone beyond trying to finance infrastructure development. The financial system in the West is almost entirely extractive now, not productive. The capitalist class in the countries that Leo’s mentioned want at least some bank to do some productive loans that they can benefit from, rather than having the U.S. come in and grab everything for itself like a privatization on behalf of the U.S. You see this kind of fight going on in Greece right now, where the eurozone said, Greece as to privatize its natural resources to pay the debt. Half the privatization last year was to be the sale of its gas rights.
PANITCH: So, I’m sorry, I don’t see the world in terms of competition amongst the capitalist classes of the world in the sense you’re speaking of. I think there is a very deep integration on the part of the leading capitalists in these countries, including the domestic ones, into globalization. I think that’s true of Vale in Brazil.
JAY: That’s the world’s largest iron ore company.
PANITCH: That’s the world’s largest iron ore company, which, sure, is competing with other iron ore companies. But it doesn’t see itself as aligned against the American bourgeoisie or the American capitalist class. This is not right.
And moreover, I think that these capitalist classes very much want access to the deep financial markets of London and New York. They don’t want to leave them; they want to be part of them. They want access to them. Indeed, they’ve been floating bond us in those markets—dangerously, in terms of volatility. So I think—and it has to be said the reason they do so is that their financial markets, their bond markets, even the European bond market relative to the London/New York access, remain extremely weak, extremely vulnerable. So it’s also a matter of where the deep institutional strength of capitalism is.
I would make one other point. I don’t think that finance, even Wall Street and London—the City of London finance is merely parasitic. I think it facilitates, it underwrites, it’s very important in terms of hedging for all of the integrated production that goes on between China and the United States, between South Africa and Europe. This plays a functional role for all these value chains. Of course there’s loads of speculation in this, but it means that industry is linked up with this speculation. These aren’t separated compartments. And you can’t unscramble them.
HUDSON: I see that I’m emphasizing the geopolitical much more than you of nobody’s talking about Brazil and other countries not interacting with the London and New York money markets. What they don’t want to do is to have the U.S. government and U.S. banks act as a threat, a threat against their countries. And of course they’re trying to keep their—have other options apart from being tied into the U.S. as a system of control. They want to break free of U.S. control, basically, and European control is a satellite of the United States.
PANITCH: Yeah. But since politics and economics aren’t so easily separated, their continuing interest and increased interest in being linked economically and financially means that the American state, given its superintending role of Wall Street and the City of London, will continue to have power vis-à-vis them. They would like to, as we’ve agreed, they’d like to have more room for maneuver in the face of that enormous power of the American Empire, but they are not interested in breaking from it.
BRICS: Progressive Rhetoric, Neoliberal Practice | TRNN 2014-07-14
Patrick Bond: All the governments behind the New Development Bank practice intense neoliberalism
JAY: Okay. So let’s say that they are as neoliberal as they come. But at the geopolitical level—like, for example, let’s take the leadup to the war in Iraq. Now, France is not part of BRICS, but France, for its own reasons, its own interests, stood up to the United States at the UN Security Council in quite an interesting way. So did some of the other countries. I mean, China, I think, actually could’ve been, certainly, bolder than they were, but they couldn’t get—the Americans couldn’t get the votes they wanted to give a clear-cut authorization of the Iraq War. It didn’t stop them from doing it illegally anyway, but it was an important moment. And with an institution like this new bank, and perhaps even building on that—for example, right now there’s the sanctions against Russia over the Ukraine. There’s a story in The New York Times today that it’s not going to have that much effect. One of the major Russian oil companies was targeted for sanctions, and one of the sanctions was going to make it more difficult for it to get capital in the Western capital markets. And now, apparently, they’re just going to borrow the money from the Chinese, and so the sanction’s not going to affect it as much. So I guess my question is is that within this context of global and neoliberal capitalism, getting to a more multipolar world, getting to a point where some of these other bigger powers can push back against the United States, which clearly is the biggest military operation on the planet and is the one that keeps starting major war after major war, is this—whatever room they can create for themselves, isn’t this a good thing?
BOND: Well, it could be if the modus operandi operates in a way that reduces U.S. power systematically. But as we’ve seen, when there are inter-imperial rivalries, that can often lead to a much more dangerous outcome. For example, the way to handle the kinds of pressures that the U.S. puts on other countries—the coalition of the willing, certainly, in the UN Security Council in 2003, the U.S. was unable to get authorization, because the Chinese and Russians and French wouldn’t support—they would veto the approval. But, you know, in May they then approved that the U.S. could run Iraq, having invaded it.
What was interesting this week on that front was that the UN Security Council reforms that are being proposed for many years to widen up the permanent members with a veto to move from five to ten by adding three BRICS—South Africa, Brazil, and India, as well as Germany and Japan—those ideas, which you’d have thought perhaps China and Russia would have supported to get more of their allies on board in the Security Council, they didn’t. It was quite a revealing memorandum that was released at the end of the BRICS summit in which the BRICS only said that it would be an increased role for the these other three smaller countries, as opposed to China and Russia.
JAY: So this inter-imperialist rivalry is even amongst the BRICS countries. And we even saw this with a big fight between China and India about where the bank was going to be—this new bank was going to be based.
BOND: Well, indeed. There was a lot of face-saving. And I can just imagine these finance ministers, reserve bank governors, and all of their bureaucrats fighting over the fine details. They eloquently and geometrically resolved that by setting up all kinds of mechanisms to appear that each of the five countries got a little piece. For example, in South Africa, Johannesburg will have a branch plant of the BRICS bank, and that will allow South Africa to help control the funding flows in and out of Africa, which is South Africa’s so-called gateway role that they’ve desired, and that would be very much an example of South imperialism insofar as the hinterlands of the BRICS countries are under the thumb of the regional hegemons, South Africa in Africa probably wanting now to have a more regularized extraction system of the valuable member minerals and petroleum from this continent.
However, I think you’re right that we will probably see the kind of tensions in a logic of expansionism, territorial ambitions of a Russia and China. Well, Russia now, of course, moving to the West to try to capture some of the ground lost when the USSR fell apart, China moving aggressively even into Vietnamese territorial waters to grab islands, of course the conflict with Taiwan and Japan, these are moments where I think there’s a fair bit of danger, and not just in the symbolic sense of territorial expansionism, but actually in potential alliances, that the BRICS will become an inter-imperial force with a more aggressive approach to capital accumulation. And that’s where these two logics come together.
Les grands pays émergents se dotent d’un outil financier à côté de la Banque mondiale et du FMI
BRICS for a new bank - The Hindu
What might have been dismissed as an impossibility just five years ago is now a reality. Defying sceptics and critics, five countries that between them account for 40 per cent of the world’s population and 20 per cent of its GDP have signed an agreement to create a development bank to provide financial assistance to developing countries and emerging market economies, mainly for infrastructure projects. As its name implies, the agreement for the New Development Bank, signed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa at their sixth BRICS summit in Brazil, signals the start of a new global financial order that aims to be more inclusive than the Western-focussed International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The $100 billion bank will have an initial subscribed capital of $50 billion. The five members managed to iron out their differences to agree on an equal share for each in the bank, so no one member dominates the institution. India and South Africa both wanted to host the headquarters. The eventual decision to locate it in Shanghai was an acknowledgement that China’s is the biggest economy in the grouping. The Bank will also have an African Regional Centre in South Africa and India will assume the first presidency of the bank. First mooted at the fourth BRICS summit in New Delhi in 2012, the Bank will certainly have an impact on the existing arrangements put in place by the Bretton Woods institutions, and will give more say to smaller countries. But BRICS also appears to recognise that the NDB cannot replace the IMF, the World Bank or the regional development banks. Thus, the Fortaleza Declaration describes the NDB as a “supplement to the efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global development.”
A second financial instrument, the Contingency Reserve Arrangement of $100 billion, has been set up to help developing economies tide over “short-term liquidity pressures, promote further BRICS cooperation, strengthen the global financial safety net and complement existing international arrangements.” In its sixth year, BRICS has a new confidence, and it was more than apparent at the summit. The only world grouping that is not region, security or trade-based, its members have come together with the determination to create a more multilateral global order. China and Russia have backed the other three BRICS members on the issue of UN reform and Security Council expansion. But the grouping needs to find a stronger political voice. The Declaration came in the midst of the bombardment, even if under grave provocation, of Gaza by Israel, but it is silent on this while calling for Israel and Palestine to resume negotiations towards a two-state solution.
EU’s Anti-Open Source Approach to Procurement
In recent posts, I’ve looked at the increasing use of open source software by governments in countries as diverse as China, Russia, India and Germany. Here I want to contrast those moves with the continuing failure of the European Commission to embrace free software - with huge costs for European citizens as a result, to say nothing of lost sovereignty.
#US blacklists companies accused of #Hezbollah ties
The #united_states moved Thursday to blacklist a group of companies it claimed covertly helped #Lebanon's powerful Hezbollah movement acquire components for surveillance #drones. The US Treasury placed sanctions on Beirut-based Stars Group Holding, which it said purchased electronics and other technology via offices in China and Dubai to support Hezbollah’s military operations. That included the development of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that the Treasury claimed were used against rebels in Syria and for surveillance of Israeli sites. read more
Daily chart: Start me up | The Economist
EVEN Luddites know that the largest internet firms reside in America. The upcoming public offering of Alibaba, an e-commerce giant, will drive home the point that China is catching up fast. But what about the rest of the world? The latest numbers from World Startup Report, a market researcher, gives an answer. Of the 50 countries they examined, 30 have at least one internet company worth more than $1 billion. Firms outside America and China are still relatively small: Google’s market capitalisation, for instance, is bigger than the value of the top internet firms in all other 48 countries combined. And worryingly for Europe, of the top five countries with firms with the highest valuations, none is European—but three are Asian.
75% of Mali’s population are farmers, but rich nations like China and Saudi Arabia are leasing their land in order to establish large agribusinesses. Many Malian peasants do not welcome these efforts, seeing them as yet another manifestation of imperialism.
The documentary follows American sugar developer Mima Nedelcovych’s Sosumar scheme – a $600 million partnership between the Government of Mali to lease 200-square kilometers of prime agricultural land for a plantation and factory.
Mali land grabs: ’You can take everything from a farmer but not his land’ – video
An estimated 90% of land in Africa has no registered owner, including areas farmed for generations by the same families in Mali. Multinational companies see opportunities to develop these areas, and governments in Mali and elsewhere hail such projects as bringers of progress. But for villagers who lose their ancestral lands – not just where they have farmed, but where many have buried their forebears – such advances are a catastrophe. In these scenes from Hugo Berkeley and Osvalde Levat’s documentary Land Rush, Malians battle to prevent the increasing acquisition of their land.
A propos de Foxcon
China may be far away but Foxconn is on our doorstep | openDemocracy
The best dormitory in town bears the evocative name of Hotel Harmony and houses several hundred migrant workers recruited almost exclusively by Xawax, one of the country’s 1,300 or so recruitment agencies. The Express People agency, on the other hand, puts its workers up in a third-rate bed and breakfast, the Veselka, a stone’s throw from the railway station.
The fox at Europe’s door: Foxconn in Turkey | openDemocracy
Foxconn came under the global media spotlight a few years ago when nearly twenty workers at its Chinese factory killed themselves by jumping off their dormitory roofs. This is an investigation into their new factory in western Turkey.
How To Travel the World Without Jet lag
Now that we know when to apply bright light or give melatonin pills to get the largest phase shifts, how can we help Henry minimize or avoid jet lag? Figure 4 shows one possibility. Henry uses a bright light box in the 2 h before sleep the 2 nights before the flight to China. Note that commercially available light boxes are usually advertised for the treatment of winter depression or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), but these boxes are also useful for helping to phase shift the circadian clock, and therefore for minimizing or avoiding jet lag. In addition to using the light box, Henry also goes to bed 2.5 h later on day -1 which helps place the bright light exposure closer to the Tmin and into a higher amplitude part of the phase delay portion of the light PRC (see Fig. 2). He delays bedtime by 2 h for the next 2 nights to keep up with the phase delaying circadian clock and its PRC, which is also phase delaying, so that the bright light will continue to coincide with the delay portion of the light PRC. The bright light on day -1 helps push the Tmin 2 h later, from 4:00 to 6:00 am, and the bright light on day 0 helps phase delay the Tmin another 2 h to 8:00 am. Bright light is avoided after waking (indicated by the Ds) because it could coincide with the phase advance portion of the light PRC. Thus during this time Henry would do well to wear very dark sunglasses if he needed to go outside. For the same reason, it is necessary to sleep in a dark bedroom, or if that is not possible to use an eye mask while in bed. An early study in which the sleep schedule was delayed 2 h/day and bright light from light boxes (about 2000–4000 lux) was used in the 2 h before bed showed that the Tmin of most subjects entrained to the 26 h day, i.e., they phase delayed by 2 h/day , so a phase delay of 2 h/day is a reasonable estimate when a light box is used. After landing, the light exposure that Henry receives (days 1–3) is unpredictable and dependent on his activities, the weather and temperature in Beijing. So we show his Tmin phase delaying by only 1 h/day. A study of subjects kept in room light (70 lux) showed that the circadian clock phase delayed by about 1 h/day with a sleep schedule delay of 2 h/day , so we think that 1 h/day is a reasonable estimate for how Henry’s circadian clock will phase delay after landing. If Henry happens to be exposed to enough bright light before bed, his circadian clock might phase delay even faster. The phase delays stop when complete re-entrainment is reached.
Russian Gas : How Much Is That ?
A study of publicly available data shows that West European countries pay less to Gazprom, the Russian state-run gas giant, than do poorer Central and East European countries.
Prices European countries paid for gas from Russia in 2013
Seuls les prix sont comparés, sans considération sur les natures des contrats (long terme, engagement de quantité, clause take or pay…)
Le prix du gaz de l’accord avec la Chine vient de fuiter.
Gazprom Gas Price in China Deal Said to Be Near German Level - Businessweek
OAO Gazprom (OGZD), the world largest natural-gas producer, will supply fuel to China at a price close to Germany’s, according to Russian officials.
Keeping parity between Germany and China, which will be Gazprom’s two largest customers after shipments to the Asian country start, may reassure investors that Russia didn’t offer excessive discounts to win a deal that had been sought for more than a decade.
The base price for China National Petroleum Corp. is about $360 per 1,000 cubic meters, two government officials in Moscow said, asking not to be identified because the information is confidential. That’s near the average $366 that Gazprom charged Germany last year, which pays one of the lowest prices in Europe, one of the officials said.
Un peu de temps libre, cet été : le congrès de l’IFRAO à Guiyang (Guizhou) en Chine
With the rapid economic development in China and the increasing influence of the Chinese culture, China is ready to be the new host of the IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) world Congress. Congress Date: July 16-18, 2014 (July 15 for registration). Congress Venue: Guiyang Pullman Hotel. Guizhou Province, located in the center of the Southwestern China, is rich in the resources of rock art and facilitates rock art investigation with its convenient transport.
Rock art in inner Mongolia
Rock art in Lianyunguang
Rock art in Yunnan Province
L’IFRAO sur WP [en] (rien en français) ▻http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Federation_of_Rock_Art_Organizations