country:egypt

  • Avec l’aide de la Russie, l’Egypte lance la construction d’un nouveau canal de Suez
    http://www.brujitafr.fr/article-avec-l-aide-de-la-russie-l-egypte-lance-la-construction-d-un-nouve

    http://www.solidariteetprogres.org/local/cache-vignettes/L602xH396/httpenglish.ahram.org.eg-174ae.jpg

    Le 5 août, le président égyptien à lancé les travaux pour le creusement d’un nouveau canal de Suez. L’Egypte cherche définitivement à rejoindre la dynamique des BRICS. Après avoir boudé le sommet africain d’Obama du 4 août, où le président américain n’avait de toute façon prévu aucun moment pour s’entretenir directement avec les chefs d’Etats africains, le président Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi s’est rendu le 12 août à Sotchi en Russie pour y conclure des accords majeurs de coopération avec Poutine. Le chef de l’État égyptien a également envoyé une lettre de soutien à l’Argentine dans son combat contre les fonds vautours et le Fonds monétaire international (FMI), dont les exigences avaient provoqué des émeutes de la faim en Égypte en (...)


  • How Egypt Prolonged the Gaza War
    http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/08/18/how_egypt_prolonged_the_gaza_war_israel_ceasefire

    This process has also shattered another myth — that the primary game in town is about how to achieve a two-state solution between Israel and the PLO. Today, two-state diplomacy seems to be at best in hibernation. The talks in Cairo, on the other hand, are substantial. They cover violence, security, reconstruction, living conditions in Gaza, movement and access to the territory, Hamas-Fatah reconciliation, and internal Palestinian governance.

    (...)

    There is one more troubling aspect of Cairo’s diplomacy that has largely escaped notice. While Egyptian mediators were forced in the end to deal directly with Hamas’s leadership in order to reach a cease-fire, they have tried to mitigate this unpleasant reality in two ways. They have not only been seeking to enhance the role of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas — something Mubarak always did in his day — but may also be flirting with Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), a group far more committed to violence against Israel than Hamas. PIJ leaders such as Khaled al-Batsh have been quoted in the Egyptian government-owned media recently insisting that no other state can take Egypt’s place as mediator.

    Egypt’s military-dominated regime, then, has proved that it is not against forging alliances with violent Islamists; its only feud is with those allied with the Muslim Brotherhood. The apparent Egypt-PIJ flirtation highlights how the country’s highly polarized politics might cause Cairo’s military-dominated leadership to cultivate clients that are hardly in the interests of the United States or Israel. An Egypt that looks and acts more and more like Pakistan is not something to celebrate.



  • #Israel bars Amnesty, Human Rights Watch workers from #Gaza
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.611015

    Human Right Watch investigators have been barred from entering Gaza via the #Erez crossing since 2006, while Amnesty’s people have been barred since June 2012. Until the Morsi government in Egypt was brought down, they would enter Gaza from Egyptian territory through the #Rafah crossing.

    #Egypte


  • Translating “Frozen” Into Arabic - Elias Muhanna
    http://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/translating-frozen-into-arabic
    @gonzo : je ne sais pas si tu avais vu cela...

    The Arabic of “Frozen” is frozen in time, as “localized” to contemporary Middle Eastern youth culture as Latin quatrains in French rap.

    Why Disney decided to abandon dialectal Arabic for “Frozen” is perplexing, and the reaction has been mixed. Many YouTube viewers are annoyed, with some fans recording their own versions of the songs in dialect. An online petition has called for Disney to switch its dubbing back to Egyptian Arabic, plaintively wondering, “How can we watch ‘Monsters University’ in the Heavy Modern Arabic while we saw the first one in Egyptian accent that everybody loved…?”

    How indeed? Or perhaps the real question is: Why? Why is Disney willing to commission separate translations of its films for speakers of Castilian Spanish and Latin American Spanish, European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese, European French and Canadian French, but is moving in the opposite direction when it comes to Arabic? The answer cannot be that the dialect markets are too small. The population of all of Scandinavia is less than a third of Egypt’s, but is represented by five different translations of “Frozen.” There are nearly ten times as many Moroccans living in Casablanca alone as there are Icelanders in the whole world. The markets are there. What is missing is a constituency for cultural production in dialectal Arabic.

    Of course, it isn’t Disney’s job to cultivate such a constituency. Nor is its assumption that Modern Standard Arabic is a lingua franca suitable for all forms of literature and all Arab audiences a species of Orientalism. It reflects, rather, an ideology propagated by linguistic purists in the region, rooted in many centuries of literary and religious history. The Arab world, however, is no longer culturally unipolar, with most of its films and music originating in Egypt. The most popular soap operas of the region are Syrian, North African films are staples of the festival circuits, and some of the largest media conglomerates are based in the Gulf. This is to say nothing of the effect that the Web and social media are having on the penetration of Arabic dialects into written communication, which is incalculable.

    The age of the Arabic vernacular is here; someone just needs to tell the talking snowman.


  • An afternoon on Syrian displacement, and protection in Europe

    There are currently more than 2.8 million registered refugees from Syria. Ninety-six percent of these refugees are hosted by neighbouring countries – Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. With the exception of Germany and a few other limited initiatives, the primary aim of the European response has been to contain the crisis in the Syrian region and to reinforce Europe’s borders.

    http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/events/an-afternoon-on-syrian-displacement-and-protection-in-europe

    #Syrie #réfugiés #asile #migration #Europe #témoignage


  • Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah: The Resistance in Gaza is on quest for tangible victory | Al Akhbar English
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/sayyed-hassan-nasrallah-resistance-gaza-quest-tangible-victory

    want to borrow the words of one of the leaders of the Palestinian Resistance that Gaza’s problem is that it is caught between a problem of confidence with Israel on one hand – a fundamental and substantial problem – and between two axes on the other, the Qatari-Turkish axis and the Egyptian-Saudi-Emirati axis. The reasons for this division are understandable and well-known, but unfortunately it is a sharp and jarring division at a time when this division should be overcome one way or another. We, for example, after consultations with the brothers in the Palestinian factions and the brothers in Iran, suggested to the Iranians to get in touch with the Turks, Qataris, Egyptians and Saudis even if it is through the United Arab Emirates or Oman. As far as the Resistance axis is concerned, we are not concerned with scoring points or using the Resistance movement in internal and regional considerations. There is a fundamental goal, and that is stopping the war on Gaza and lifting the siege. When there are clashes, the priority is for people to talk to each other. But in the midst of the events, the Egyptian position, for example, was difficult as Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan attacked Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi personally. Even the Qatari position towards Egypt, through Al-Jazeera, was negative. If you want to help Gaza, then you should talk to Egypt. The Palestinians themselves say that any solution or compromise is not possible without Egypt. This requires the two competing axes to give priority to Gaza over all the other discussions and conflicts, which has still not happened in an appropriate manner.


  • La police de Ferguson gaze une équipe de journalistes puis démonte leur matériel. (Il se dit par ailleurs qu’il s’agit de l’équipe d’Al Jazeera.)

    Ahmadiyya Times :
    https://twitter.com/ahmadiyyatimes/status/499823896879579136

    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Bu-dIwICIAEWGXY.jpg

    ’Cops in #ferguson are quite literally rolling up to reporters & tear gassing them to keep reports from getting out

    Andrew W. Challand :
    https://twitter.com/andrewchalland/status/499817840149794816

    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Bu-lkolCAAIwyN0.jpg

    […] here is a picture of the #Ferguson police LITERALLY dismantling the First Amendment.

    Clay Perry :
    https://twitter.com/clayperrymusic/status/499576743967993856

    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Bu7aZqPCAAA8mRo.jpg

    Realist picture you will see today.. #Ferguson


  • LIVE UPDATES : Lieberman : No truce with Hamas until soldiers’ bodies are returned - Diplomacy and Defense Israel News | Haaretz

    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.610283

    A défaut de tuer le Hamas, Lieberman et ses petits copains fascistes vont finir par vraiment tuer Israël (ou ce qu’il en reste).

    Egypt presented a cease-fire proposal to both parties early Wednesday, aimed at ending the five-week long Gaza conflict, according to Palestinian officials.

    http://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.609907.1407706102!/image/1043342023.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_640/1043342023.jpg

    The three-day cease-fire, currently in its final day, appeared to be stalled on Tuesday, after an Israeli official made clear that large gaps between the sides remain to be bridged. The announcement came after it emerged on Monday that Israel has agreed during the negotiations in Cairo to ease conditions in the Gaza Strip.

    #israël #fascisation (nouveau tag pour référencer les articles qui analysent la fascisation d’Israël)


  • La spéculation internationale s’intéresse à nouveau à la dette égyptienne

    Egypt sees foreign buyers in July’s T-bills auction for 1st time since 2011 - Economy - Business - Ahram Online
    http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/3/12/108292/Business/Economy/Egypt-sees-foreign-buyers-in-Julys-Tbills-auction-.aspx

    Central bank governor Hisham Ramez says foreign purchases of T-bills show Egypt is beginning to recover after years of turmoil
    Ahram Online, Tuesday 12 Aug 2014
    Print Send

    Egypt’s Central Bank Governor Hisham Ramez speaks during the opening session of the “Egypt/GCC Investment Forum - Strategic Partnerships, Economic Synergies” in Cairo December 4, 2013 (Photo: Reuters)
    Egypt saw foreign bidders in one of the Central Bank’s treasury bill auctions in July for first time in years, the Cabinet stated on Monday.

    “Foreigners bought T-bills through the auction and this is a very positive indicator on Egyptian economy’s recovery, proving that the latest governmental decisions have put the country on the right path,” Hisham Ramez, the CBE’s governor said in the statement.

    According to the finance ministry’s data, foreign bidders bought in July some $40 million (LE284 million) worth of T-bills.

    Foreigners had been keen buyers of T-bills, attracted by Egypt’s reputation for political stability and encouraged by sturdy growth that was running at about 6 percent a year before unrest hit key revenue earners such as the tourism industry.

    The Egyptian government introduced the T-bill auctions as a tool to borrow from banks in an attempt to trim the budget deficit with 3-month, 6-month, 9-month and one-year maturities.❞



  • MÉDIAS FRANCAIS ET DÉMOCRATIE : CHERCHER L’ERREUR !
    MACHÉRAL SISSI : ARRIVÉ AU POUVOIR PAR UN COUP D’ÉTAT SANGLANT = GRAND DÉMOCRATE
    TAYYIP ERDOGAN : ÉLU PAR LE PEUPLE AU SUFFRAGE UNIVERSEL = GRAND DICTATEUR

    Je n’ai aucune sympathie personnelle pour Tayyip Erdogan et son parti, l’AKP. Comme beaucoup d’observateurs de la vie politique, je pense que la longévité du pouvoir finit par produire des effets pervers, comme nous l’avons connu en France avec le règne sans partage de la droite sous la Cinquième République (1958-1981) ou la présidence socialiste de François Mitterrand (1981-1995).

    Je suis tout de même frappé de la façon biaisée, dont la majorité des médias français traitent l’élection de Tayyep Erdogan à la présidence de la République turque, la présentant comme une forme de coup de force illégitime, dirigé contre la société.

    Cette même presse française qui, quelques mois plus tôt, avait présenté le coup d’Etat sanglant du Maréchal Sissi en Egypte comme une victoire de la démocratie et du peuple égyptien contre la tyrannie des Frères musulmans. On connaît la suite : des milliers d’arrestations, des centaines de condamnations à mort et des dizaines de personnes décédées sous la torture, sans parler des viols commis sur les femmes, des détentions arbitraires et du verrouillage total de la presse.

    Egypte/Turquie dans le viseur des médias : drôle de conception de la démocratie, non ?

    En tout cas, il est clair que les médias français ont un « gros problème » avec la notion de démocratie dans le « monde musulman », produisant une forme d’inversion des valeurs et des situations : les dictateurs sont proclamés « grand démocrates » et ceux qui osent le suffrage universel « dictateur en puissance ».

    Dans l’esprit de nombreux journalistes français, Tayyip Erdogan est un méchant islamiste, pas barbu mais tout de même moustachu (!), qui rêve de rétablir la charia en Turquie et pourquoi pas, de refaire d’Istanbul, la capitale d’un nouveau Califat ottoman.

    Preuve suprême brandie par les médias français de cette volonté d’Erdogan de restaurer le Califat islamique, le nouveau président est allé prier à la Mosquée Eyüp Soltan, juste après son élection. Quel danger pour la démocratie ! Prier dans une mosquée après une élection présidentielle, n’est-ce pas une atteinte aux droits de l’homme et aux libertés ?

    Comment peut-on être Musulman et Démocrate ? Impossible selon nos journalistes gaulois.

    Il est vrai, que quand on est un vrai président démocrate, digne des valeurs universelles, on choisit de partir faire la fête avec ses copains au restaurant du Fouquet’s plutôt que d’aller prier à la Mosquée, n’est-ce pas ?

    A bon entendeur, salut !
    Fraternellement.

    Vincent Geisser


  • Pour « élire » le Grand mufti du Liban, il faut passer un accord politique et la médiation séoudienne et égyptienne. #même_ça_ça_marche_pas

    Sheikh Abdul Latif Daryan elected as Lebanon’s new Grand Mufti
    http://yalibnan.com/2014/08/10/sheikh-abdul-latif-daryan-elected-lebanons-new-grand-mufti

    Sheikh Abdel-Latif Derian was unanimously elected by the Higher Islamic Council as the new Grand Mufti of the Lebanese Republic after an agreement was reached Thursday that ended a 3-year-old dispute between Grand Mufti Sheikh Mohammad Rashid Qabbani and the Future Movement.

    Under the deal brokered by Egypt and backed by Saudi Arabia, consensus was achieved between March 8 and March 14 Sunni politicians on backing Derian, who currently heads the Higher Sunni Religious Court.

    Devoir passer par des parrains étrangers devient, dans l’article du Daily Star, l’expression de l’« unité des sunnites » : Derian elected Lebanon mufti in show of Sunni unity
    http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Aug-10/266659-grand-mufti-election-begins-at-dar-al-fatwa.ashx

    Consensus among Sunni leaders led Sunday to the election of Sheikh Abdel-Latif Derian as Lebanon’s new grand mufti, while former Prime Minister Saad Hariri praised the move and called on Derian to safeguard Muslim unity and fight extremism.

    “What happened today is an expression of the strong will of all Muslims in Lebanon, to face the problems and reiterate the role of Dar al-Fatwa,” Derian said in his speech after the results were announced.


  • Ministry of Religious Endowments creates plan to face atheism
    http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/ministry-religious-endowments-creates-plan-face-atheism

    Minister of Religious Endowments Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa approved a plan that was prepared by several scholars, sociologists and psychiatrists to confront atheism.

    The measure aims to raise awareness among Egypt’s youth of the dangers of atheism on morals, beliefs and nationalism.

    The plan also entails answering the misconceptions of atheists through workshops, social media and a hotline that offers support to atheists and their families. 

    The project will be supervised through a committee of Al-Azhar scholars.

    Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm

    Ils ont vraiment des « psychiatres » capables de lutter contre l’athéisme ? (Pour la hotline, moi j’embaucherais les gens de Tabac Info Service, mais tu fais comme tu veux.)


  • L’Égypte et l’Arabie séoudite promettent d’« aider le Liban » de la même façon qu’ils ont « aidé » les Palestiniens à Gaza

    Egypt ready to help Lebanon army and security forces
    http://gulfnews.com/news/region/egypt/egypt-ready-to-help-lebanon-army-and-security-forces-1.1370173

    Egypt’s Ambassador to Lebanon Ashraf Hamdi has said that his country is ready to provide “all possible aid” to the Lebanese army and security forces.

    Hamdi on Saturday said that the issue would be discussed with Lebanon’s Army Chief Jean Qahwaji on Monday, Xinhua reported.
    “We support Lebanon and its national government in its pursuit of stability, and we will not hesitate in doing anything that serves the country in the future,” Hamdi said.

    Recently, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah entrusted Lebanon’s former Prime Minister Saad Hariri with a $1 billion grant to support the Lebanese armed forces with their immediate needs to fight terrorism.


  • An insane alliance: Israel and Egypt against Gaza
    Despite its mediator role, Egypt is no impartial broker. It shares Israel’s view that Hamas can be crushed and suffocated into submission. Palestinians wonder how their ex-ally can leave Gaza to burn.
    By Khaled Diab | Aug. 8, 2014 Haaretz

    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.609595

    Egypt-Israel-Gaza is possibly one of the most bizarre and perhaps twisted love-hate triangles of recent times. Washington’s credentials as an honest broker have rightly been questioned over the years, and Egypt was traditionally seen as a welcome counterbalance to U.S. bias, but Cairo has lost its pro-Palestinian credentials. It can scarcely be seen as an impartial broker.

    For the past year or so, ever since Abdel-Fatah al-Sissi became the de facto leader and then president of Egypt, his regime has been an enthusiastic accomplice in the Israeli-led blockade against Gaza, completely sealing off the Rafah crossing and destroying hundreds of tunnels into the Sinai which provided the Gazan economy with some respite from the siege.

    Taking a page out of Israel’s handbook, Egyptian officials leaked plans to Reuters earlier this year that Egypt intends to topple Hamas by, among other things, fomenting dissent in Gaza and backing Fatah.

    On top of that, military-aligned television presenters and hosts have been ratcheting up the rhetoric and disinformation against Hamas in Gaza. Despite the continued presence of critical voices, including normally pro-regime anchors, this anti-Hamas propaganda reached fever pitch when hostilities began in early July.

    Tawfik Okasha, the military junta’s leading TV cheerleader, praised Israel’s military campaign in Gaza and mocked Gazans on his show. “Gazans are not men,” he taunted live on air. “If they were men, they would revolt against Hamas.”

    “Bless you, Netanyahu, and may God give us more like you who will rid us of Hamas, the root of corruption, treason and collaboration with the Brotherhood,” tweeted Azza Sami, a journalist with the semi-official Al Ahram newspaper.

    Egypt’s stance has, unsurprisingly, met with much praise in Israel. However, this Egyptian-Israeli love affair has set alarm bells ringing even among normally staunch supporters of Israel. For instance, the conservative, generally pro-Israel Wall Street Journal ran a long feature on this “unlikely alliance” which laid much of the blame for the escalation to open warfare on the excessive “squeezing” of Hamas.

    For their part, Palestinians have generally reacted with bewilderment and anger that a country they regarded as an ally has left Gaza to burn, regardless of what they think about Hamas. Many Palestinians I encounter ask me, with a tone of severe disappointment mixed with betrayal in their voices, what Egypt’s game is and why it is allowing fellow Arabs to die in this way.

    Some Palestinians and Arab sympathizers have gone so far as to see the hidden hand of conspiracy theories at work, and are convinced that al-Sissi and his regime are U.S. and Zionist agents.

    Despite the fact that the al-Sissi regime, under worldwide attack for its lack of democratic legitimacy and widespread human rights abuses, wants Washington onside, this is certainly not the case.

    Egypt’s punitive approach towards Hamas is actually not all that new, though it has become far more severe. The Mubarak regime also distrusted and disliked Hamas and played its part in maintaining the Israeli blockade. Even Morsi, the Muslim Brother, did little to alleviate Gaza’s suffering, though he eased the blockade slightly.

    The Egyptian president’s strident hostility towards Cairo actually stems from al-Sisi’s hatred of the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement he has persecuted since toppling his Brotherhood predecessor, Mohamed Morsi, following massive protests. The Egyptian regime has falsely alleged that Hamas was guilty of stealing Egyptian resources during Morsi’s 12-month term in office and is behind an insurgency in the Sinai.

    This may partly be out of genuine conviction but is also certainly a political ruse to keep popular anti-Brotherhood sentiment and hostility high to justify al-Sissi’s self-declared “war on terrorism”, to manufacture consent, like in Israel, by creating a frightening common enemy, and to crush opposition.

    Where once Arab leaders sometimes used Israel as an excuse to silence dissent and delay reform, al-Sissi has come up with a troublingly innovative new formula: Blame the Palestinians. And a surprisingly large, if dwindling, number of Egyptians are swallowing the rhetoric.

    With all this hostility in the air, Egypt has decided effectively to fight a proxy war against Hamas, by sitting on the sidelines and letting Israel bloody its hands in Gaza, with the trapped civilian population paying a deadly and heavy price, in the hope that its Islamist adversary will collapse.

    However, Israeli-Egyptian calculations that Hamas can be brought down or tamed through violence are enormous miscalculations. Although Hamas’s resorting to rocket attacks after some two years of respecting a ceasefire were disastrous and stupid, and walked straight into the trap set by extremist forces in Israel, the Israeli-Egyptian pincer movement over the past year had so cornered the movement that it is now fighting an existential battle in which it has nothing left to lose and, as it sees it, everything to gain.

    In addition, even if Hamas falls, there is no guarantee that Fatah will take over, and even if it did, many Gazans will view it as a traitor and collaborator. There is also a strong chance that more radical groups will take over control of the Strip.

    With Egypt as mediator and Israel as protagonist on the same misguided line regarding the need to contain, and preferably, topple Hamas, I am skeptical that the current talks in Cairo will lead to a lasting and durable solution, since for that to happen, requires the lifting of the blockade and the reconnecting of Gaza to the West Bank.

    The sad, ironic tragedy is that Hamas could have been “contained” without a single shot being fired now, or in 2012, 2008/9 and 2006. Yes, I find Hamas’s extremist ideology and its past of suicide bombings abhorrent, and, like Israel’s militarism, its swift resorting to violence despite its proven futility has been extremely costly. However, ever since coming to power, Hamas, burdened with the responsibility of governing under siege, has displayed far more pragmatism than Israel.

    Hamas not only dropped its calls for the destruction of Israel from its election manifesto, the party has consistently indicated its willingness to accept a two-state solution along the pre-1967 borders. Before the latest conflict, Hamas even went so far as to cede political control to the PA and a government of technocrats in the desperate hope that this would lead to the lifting of the siege.

    Despite all these clear overtures, Israel’s extremist, jingoistic government, desperate not to give up the territory in the West Bank conquered in 1967 and blinded by ideological hatred towards Hamas (which Israel once misguidedly supported as a counterbalance against the PLO), has refused to play ball and find a way to coexist.

    If Israel and Egypt fail to find a way to live non-violently with Hamas, history will continue to repeat itself, each time more tragically than the preceding time. And Gaza will become not only the graveyard of innocent civilians but also the burial ground for the prospects for peace for generations to come.

    Khaled Diab is an Egyptian-Belgian journalist, blogger and writer who has lived, studied and worked in the Middle East and Europe and is currently based in Jerusalem. His book profiling the ’intimate enemies’, Palestinians and Israelis, is forthcoming at the end of 2014. Follow him on Twitter: @DiabolicalIdea


  • ▶ Open Source Information In Conflict Zones - YouTube

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aBXz7gJswRE

    Signalé par Alain Gresh, un petit film très intéressant qui montre comment on peut retrouver les lieux précis où des vidéos sont prises et postées dans les zones de guerre (Syrie, Libye, Egypte,...)

    Elliot Higgins, a.k.a. Brown Moses, has extended his important work in using social media to source and document military conflicts in the Middle East by opening a website calling Belling Cat.

    Mise en ligne le 17 mai 2014

    Presentation by Eliot Higgins.
    Email - brownmoses@gmail.com
    Skype - brown_moses
    Twitter - @brown_moses https://twitter.com/brown_moses
    Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/brownmosesblog
    Website - http://www.bellingcat.com (coming soon)

    #open_source #libye #syrie #égypte


  • “المخلوع والمعزول” و” 25 يناير و30 يونيو” في المناهج الجديدة لطلاب مصر
    http://www.alquds.co.uk/?p=202939

    Révision des manuels scolaires pour la prochaine rentrée scoalire en Egypte. Entre autres changements, ce paragraphe dans le manuel "d’instruction nationale" (civique) :

    “مصر شهدت في الأعوام الأخيرة ثورتين الأولى 25 يناير/كانون الثاني ووصل بعدها الرئيس المعزول محمد مرسي إلى الحكم، ثم انحرف مثار ثورة يناير عن المسار الصحيح، فثار الشعب في 30 يونيه/حزيران لتعديل مسار الثورة”،

    "L’Egypte a connu deux révolutions durant les dernières années. La première, le 25 janvier, à la suite de quoi est arrivé au pouvoir le prisent destitué (ou révoqué : ma’zoul) Morsi. Puis la marche de la révolution de janvier a dévié de son juste cours. Alors le peuple s’est révolté le 30 juillet pour rectifier les choses."


  • Leaked classified memo reveals U.S.-Israeli intel cooperation on Egypt, Iran
    Top-secret memo, published by Glenn Greenwald, describes deep exchange of information between NSA and IDF Unit 8200; takes pride in ’success stories.’
    By Amir Oren | Aug. 5, 2014
    Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.608802

    After Mohammed Morsi became Egypt’s president in June 2012 with backing from the Muslim Brotherhood, the intelligence communities of the United States and Israel expanded their cooperation to keep an eye on what was happening in Egypt.

    With approval from U.S. National Intelligence Director Lt. Gen. (ret.) James R. Clapper, the National Security Agency’s signals intelligence agency gave the Israel Defense Forces’ intelligence Unit 8200 the task of providing information about “select strategic issues, specifically terrorist elements in the Sinai.”

    This information is included in a highly classified NSA memo from April 2013 published Monday morning on The Intercept, the website run by Glenn Greenwald, a partner of Edward Snowden. Snowden had worked in the service of the NSA, during which he gathered American intelligence documents that he subsequently leaked.

    Since the memo was written during Morsi’s term in office, before the military coup that overthrew him and led to the presidency of Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi, it does not tell us whether the exchanges of information about the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel, and about which Israel’s intelligence-gathering capabilities have been restricted — still continue.

    When the document in question was written, General Keith Alexander was in charge of the NSA, and Brig. Gen. Nadav Zafrir was commander of Unit 8200.

    The memo was only distributed to the two countries that had signed it, and not to other members of the Anglo-Saxon Five Eyes alliance: Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It details the intelligence relationship between the NSA and Israel, and updates a previous version of a document that Snowden published last year.

    The depth of the bilateral cooperation is reflected, among other things, in a term used to describe Unit 8200’s task to carry out espionage in Egypt: “tasking” – meaning collection of vital information, as is usual among agencies belonging to the same intelligence community.

    According to the document, which describes significant, joint intelligence successes such as those involving the Iranian nuclear program, “NSA maintains a far-reaching technical and analytic relationship with the Israeli SIGINT National Unit [i.e., Unit 2800], sharing information on access, intercept, targeting, language, analysis and reporting. This SIGINT relationship has increasingly been the catalyst for a broader intelligence relationship between the United States and Israel. Significant changes in the way NSA and ISNU have traditionally approached SIGINT have prompted an expansion to include other Israeli and U.S. intelligence organizations such as CIA, Mossad, and Special Operation Division (SOD)" – the latter is evidently a reference to the Pentagon term for the special operations department of Israel’s Military Intelligence Directorate.

    Most of the bilateral intelligence cooperation, if not all of it, concentrates on “targets in the Middle East which constitute strategic threats to U.S. and Israeli interests. Building upon a robust analytic exchange, NSA and ISNU also have explored and executed unique opportunities to gain access to high priority targets. The mutually agreed upon geographic targets include the countries of North Africa, the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, South Asia, and the Islamic republics of the Former Soviet Union," according to the memo.

    "Within that set of countries, cooperation covers the exploitation of internal government, military, civil, and diplomatic communications; and external security/intelligence organizations. Regional Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and ’Stateless’/International Terrorism comprise the exchanged transnational target set. A dedicated communications line between NSA and ISNU supports the exchange of raw material, as well as daily analytic and technical correspondence. Both NSA and ISNU have liaison officers, who conduct foreign relations functions, stationed at their respective embassies [Washington and Tel Aviv].”

    The memo continues: “The Israeli side enjoys the benefits of expanded geographic access to world-class NSA cryptanalytic and SIGINT engineering expertise, and also gains controlled access to advanced U.S. technology and equipment via accommodation buys and foreign military sales.

    “Benefits to the U.S. include expanded geographic access to high priority SIGINT targets, access to world-class Israeli cryptanalytic and SIGINT engineering expertise, and access to a large pool of highly qualified analysts.”

    The author of the memo — the country desk officer of the NSA’s Foreign Affairs Directorate — took pride in what he called “success stories.” First among them was “the Iranian nuclear development program, followed by Syrian nuclear efforts, Lebanese Hezbollah plans and intentions, Palestinian terrorism, and Global Jihad. Several recent and successful joint operations between NSA and ISNU have broadened both organizations’ ability to target and exploit Iranian nuclear efforts. In addition, a robust and dynamic crypanalytic relationship has enabled breakthroughs on high priority Iranian targets.

    “NSA and ISNU continue to initiate joint targeting of Syrian and Iranian leadership and nuclear development programs with CIA, ISNU, SOD and Mossad. This exchange has been particularly important as unrest in Syria continues, and both sides work together to identify threats to regional stability. NSA’s cyber partnerships expanded beyond ISNU to include Israeli Defense Intelligence’s SOD and Mossad, resulting in unprecedented access and collection breakthroughs that all sides acknowledge would not have been possible to achieve without the others.”

    In September 2011, NSA and Unit 8200 also signed a memo of understanding for cooperation in communications and cyber realms. In January 2012, one of Gen. Alexander’s deputies visited Tel Aviv and specified the NSA’s targets in those fields: cyber threats from Iran, Hezbollah and other elements in the region. In exchange, the NSA would provide Israel with “limited, focused support on specific Russian and Chinese cyber threats.” Additional talks “to further develop this partnership” were held in May and December 2012.

    Moreover, under the heads of NSA and Unit 8200, encrypted video communication was inaugurated between both intelligence communities “that allows both sides to broaden and accelerate the pace of collaboration against targets’ use of advanced telecommunications. Target sets include, but are not limited to, Iran nuclear, Syrian foreign fighter movements, Lebanese Hezbollah and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps activities.”

    According to the section of the memo entitled “Problems/Challenges:” “The three most common concerns raised by ISNU regarding the partnership with NSA is NSA’s reluctance to share on technology that is not directly related to a specific target, the ISNU’s perceived reduction in the amount and degree of cooperation in certain areas, and the length of time NSA takes to decide on ISNU proposals. Efforts in these three areas have been addressed with the partner and NSA continues to work to increase cooperation with ISNU, where appropriate and mindful of U.S. policy and equity concerns.”


  • Revue de presse - - - - - - - - - Fil continu du 12.07 au 30.08.14

    https://collectiflieuxcommuns.fr/spip/672-revue-de-presse-semaine-du-05-07

    L’Egypte dans le rouge

    Orwell : l’exigence critique et le monde contemporain

    L’attention, un bien précieux

    Bientôt des mines près de chez vous

    La France n’a pas le monopole des manifestations anti-israéliennes

    Les historiens ont-ils les idées courtes ?

    La guerre et le gaz naturel : l’invasion israélienne et les gisements de Gaza en mer

    Enquête : le changement de comportement des consommateurs français

    Climat : 80 % des réserves de pétrole, de gaz et de charbon n’auraient pas la moindre valeur !

    Derrière les manifestations pour Gaza, le malaise des Français

    Irak : l’ONU s’inquiète d’un possible « crime contre l’humanité »

    USA : une catastrophe nucléaire en cours à 655 mètres sous terre au centre de stockage de déchets radioactifs du Nouveau Mexique ?

    Bonus


  • #Egypt extends presidential vote to Wednesday amid low turnout
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/19922

    http://english.al-akhbar.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/4cols/leading_images/016418-01-08.jpg

    Egypt’s #presidential_election was extended by a day on Tuesday in an effort to boost lower than expected turnout that threatened to undermine the credibility of the front-runner, former army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. After #Sisi called for record voter participation, low turnout would be seen at home and abroad as an immediate setback for the field marshal who toppled Egypt’s first freely elected leader, the #Muslim_Brotherhood's Mohammed Mursi.

    #April_6 #Articles #Boycott


    • Les autoritaires et les islamistes ont mené depuis trois ans une bataille acharnée et meurtrière pour le contrôle de l’Egypte. Après la printemps arabe, les Islamistes (les Frères Musulmans) ont pour un temps pris le dessus, mais quand l’armée a repris le pouvoir la répression a été sanglante et 95% des tunnels entre Gaza, dirigé par le Hamas issu des Frères Musulmans égyptiens, et l’Egypte ont été fermés. Une décision qui a mis le Hamas dans une situation impossible et a conduit à la guerre avec Israël.
      Pour Richard Brooks, « La décision égyptienne était volontairement économiquement dévastatrice pour le Hamas qui retirait 40% de ses revenus des taxes sur les biens qui passaient dans ces tunnels. Un économiste a évalué les pertes à 460 millions de dollars par an, un cinquième du Pib de Gaza. Le Hamas avait donc besoin de mettre fin au blocus, mais il ne pouvait attaquer l’Egypte et a donc attaqué Israël. Si le Hamas peut en sortir comme le combattant héroïque dans un défi à mort contre l’Etat hébreu, si les télévisions arabes sont pleines de civils palestiniens tués, alors l’outrage public sera tel qu’il contraindra l’Egype a lever le blocus. Moussa Abou Marzook, chef-adjoint de l’aile politique du Hamas, a donné les clés en rejetant une offre de cessez-le-feu il y a quelques jours en posant cette question : « que sont 200 martyrs en comparaison de faire lever le siège ? ».

      … le Hamas a attaqué Israël !?
      La fin du blocus, une simple histoire de revenus (mafieux) ?


  • Apparently #PalestinianAuthority & #Hamas agreed on new #ceasefire conditions handed to #Egypt, will follow with translation of demands.
    https://twitter.com/mmsabry

    1- Immediate ceasefire and full Israeli withdrawal.
    2- Ending blockade & full opening of borders.
    3- Reactivating Shalit Agreement & releasing prisoners.
    4- Reopening airport and building sea port.
    5- Cancellation of the security buffer zone.
    6- Expanding fishing zone to 12 nautical miles.
    7- Reconstruction and securing immediate rescue through PalestinianAuthority.
    8- Holding an international #Gaza reconstruction fund in cooperation with PalestinianAuthority.
    9- Releasing fourth phase of pre-Oslo prisoners.
    10- Ending settler violations and releasing post-June12 prisoners.


  • La lettre et promesse de protection du prophète Muhammad aux chrétiens

    http://www.sinaimonastery.com/en/index.php?lid=76

    En 628, une délégation de moines du monastère Sainte-Catherine (Egypte) se rendit auprès du prophète pour lui demander sa protection. Celui-ci leur octroya une charte leur garantissant des droits "jusqu’à la fin du monde". Le monastère est situé au pied du Mont Sinaï en Egypte.

    « Ceci est un message de Muhammed ibn Abdoullah, constituant une alliance avec ceux dont la religion est le christianisme ; que nous soyons proches ou éloignés, nous sommes avec eux. Moi-même, les auxiliaires [de Médine] et mes fidèles, nous nous portons à leur défense, car les chrétiens sont mes citoyens. Et par Dieu, je résisterai contre quoi que ce soit qui les contrarie. Nulle contrainte sur eux, à aucun moment. Leurs juges ne seront point démis de leurs fonctions ni leurs moines expulsés de leurs monastères. Nul ne doit jamais détruire un édifice religieux leur appartenant ni l’endommager ni en voler quoi que ce soit pour ensuite l’apporter chez les musulmans. Quiconque en vole quoi que ce soit viole l’alliance de Dieu et désobéit à Son prophète. En vérité, les chrétiens sont mes alliés et sont assurés de mon soutien contre tout ce qui les indispose. Nul ne doit les forcer à voyager ou à se battre contre leur gré. Les musulmans doivent se battre pour eux si besoin est. Si une femme chrétienne est mariée à un musulman, ce mariage ne doit pas avoir lieu sans son approbation. Une fois mariée, nul ne doit l’empêcher d’aller prier à l’église. Leurs églises sont sous la protection des musulmans. Nul ne doit les empêcher de les réparer ou de les rénover, et le caractère sacré de leur alliance ne doit être violé en aucun cas. Nul musulman ne doit violer cette alliance jusqu’au Jour du Jugement Dernier (fin du monde). »

    Vidéo du monastère et de la lettre https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u0SsRmC6O5k


  • Hamas’s Chances
    Nathan Thrall
    http://www.lrb.co.uk/v36/n16/nathan-thrall/hamass-chances

    Après les accords de cessez-le-feu du 21 Novembre 2012 non respectés par Israël, l’éloignement de l’axe Syrie Iran Hezbollah, le renversement de Morsi, l’activisme forcené anti frères musulmans de l’Arabie Saoudite et assimilés, l’impuissance de la Turquie et du Qatar, il ne restait plus au #Hamas, non sans appréhension, que de confier les clés de Gaza à #Mahmoud_Abbas. Et de fait, les coups bas de Abbas sous pression étasunienne, et cela avant même le meurtre des 3 Israéliens, ne se sont pas fait attendre.

    Hamas paid a high price, acceding to nearly all of Fatah’s demands. The new PA government didn’t contain a single Hamas member or ally, and its senior figures remained unchanged. Hamas agreed to allow the PA to move several thousand members of its security forces back to Gaza, and to place its guards at borders and crossings, with no reciprocal positions for Hamas in the West Bank security apparatus. Most important, the government said it would comply with the three conditions for Western aid long demanded by the US and its European allies: non-violence, adherence to past agreements and recognition of Israel. Though the agreement stipulated that the PA government refrain from politics, Abbas said it would pursue his political programme. Hamas barely protested.

    (...)

    The fears of Hamas activists were confirmed after the government was formed. The terms of the agreement were not only unfavourable but unimplemented. The most basic conditions of the deal – payment of the government employees who run Gaza and an opening of the crossing with Egypt – were not fulfilled. For years Gazans had been told that the cause of their immiseration was Hamas rule. Now it was over, their conditions only got worse.

    On 12 June, ten days after the new government was formed, an unexpected event radically changed Hamas’s fortunes. Three Israeli students at yeshivas in the West Bank were kidnapped and murdered. When their bodies were found, a group of Israeli Jews abducted a 16-year-old Palestinian outside his East Jerusalem home, doused him in petrol, and burned him alive. Protests erupted among Palestinians in Jerusalem, the Negev and Galilee, while the West Bank remained relatively quiet. Israel blamed Hamas for the murders of the yeshiva students, though several Israeli security officials have said they believe that the perpetrators didn’t act on orders from above.

    In its search for the suspected murderers, Israel carried out its largest West Bank campaign against Hamas since the Second Intifada, closing its offices and arresting hundreds of members at all levels. Hamas denied responsibility for the abductions and said Israel’s accusations were a pretext to launch a new offensive against it. Among those arrested were more than fifty of the 1027 security prisoners released in 2011 by Israel in exchange for the Hamas-held Israeli soldier, Gilad Shalit. Hamas saw the arrests as another violation of the Shalit agreement, which had named conditions under which the released prisoners could be re-arrested and contained unfulfilled commitments by Israel to improve conditions and visitation rights for other Palestinian prisoners.

    *The Palestinian leadership in Ramallah worked closely with Israel to catch the militants, and had rarely been so discredited among its constituents, many of whom believe abducting Israelis has proved the only effective means of gaining the release of prisoners widely regarded as national heroes. In several West Bank cities, residents protested against the PA’s security co-operation with Israel. A former minister of religious affairs who is close to Abbas went with his bodyguards to al-Aqsa Mosque; worshippers assaulted them, and they had to be hospitalised. When an Abbas emissary was dispatched to visit the murdered Palestinian boy’s grieving family, he was shouted off the premises.

    As protests spread through Israel and Jerusalem, militants in Gaza from non-Hamas factions began firing rockets and mortars in solidarity. Sensing Israel’s vulnerability and the Ramallah leadership’s weakness, Hamas leaders called for the protests to grow into a third intifada. When the rocket fire increased, they found themselves drawn into a new confrontation: they couldn’t be seen suppressing the rocket attacks while calling for a mass uprising. Israel’s retaliation culminated in the 6 July bombings that killed seven Hamas militants, the largest number of fatalities inflicted on the group in several months. The next day Hamas began taking responsibility for the rockets. Israel then announced Operation Protective Edge.

    Les #Etats-Unis et leur protégé semblent maintenant faire marche arrière, après des centaines de #morts #innocents.

    ... there are growing signs that Hamas stands a good chance of achieving some of [its goals]. Obama and Kerry have said they believe a ceasefire should be based on the November 2012 agreement. The US also changed its position on the payment of salaries, proposing in a draft framework for a ceasefire submitted to Israel on 25 July that funds be transferred to Gazan employees. Over the course of the war, Israel decided that it could solve its Gaza problem with help from the new government in Ramallah that it had formally boycotted. The Israeli defence minister said he hoped a ceasefire would place the new government’s security forces at Gaza’s border crossings. Netanyahu has begun to soften his tone towards Abbas. Near the end of the third week of fighting, Israel and the US quietly looked away as the Palestinian government made payments to all employees in Gaza for the first time. Israeli officials across the political spectrum have begun to admit privately that the previous policy towards Gaza was a mistake. All parties involved in mediating a ceasefire envision postwar arrangements that effectively strengthen the new Palestinian government and its role in Gaza – and by extension Gaza itself.

    (...)

    The obvious solution is to let the new Palestinian government return to Gaza and reconstruct it. Israel can claim it is weakening Hamas by strengthening its enemies. Hamas can claim it won the recognition of the new government and a significant lifting of the blockade. This solution would of course have been available to Israel, the US, Egypt and the PA in the weeks and months before the war began, before so many lives were shattered .

    #honte #victimes_civiles, #crimes #Israel #Israël