country:germany

  • La transition énergétique allemande,

    Germany’s energy mix : Getting out of gas | The Economist
    http://www.economist.com/news/business-and-finance/21620080-germanys-reliance-russian-gas-fallingbut-not-sustainably-going-o

    GERMANY’S Energiewende, or energy transition, is an ambitious policy aiming to move the country’s electricity generation away from both nuclear and fossil-fuel sources. More a slogan than a coherent plan, the term represents the German government’s desire to cut carbon emissions by 70% from 1990 levels by 2040, while switching off all the country’s nuclear-power plants by 2022. In the long term that means generating more energy from renewable sources. But more energy from dirty fossil fuels, such as coal and natural gas, will be needed in the meantime. Yet so far this year, it seems that one of the policy’s unintended consequences has been to put cleaner gas-powered plants out of business.

    At first glance, the new policy should have encouraged the use of gas over coal. But the German government’s hasty decision in 2011 to close down eight nuclear reactors in the wake of the Fukushima disaster in Japan left a gap in the country’s energy mix that was soon filled by coal. Over the next two years the amount of electricity generated from the sooty fuel increased by 11%; in total, more than 45% of Germany’s electricity supplies are now produced by burning coal.

    At first glance, the new policy should have encouraged the use of gas over coal. But the German government’s hasty decision in 2011 to close down eight nuclear reactors in the wake of the Fukushima disaster in Japan left a gap in the country’s energy mix that was soon filled by coal. Over the next two years the amount of electricity generated from the sooty fuel increased by 11%; in total, more than 45% of Germany’s electricity supplies are now produced by burning coal.

    Et donc, comment assurer à long terme la stabilité des approvisionnements nécessaires : gaz russe, GNL états-uniens, hydroélectrique scandinave,…

    (je ne mets pas la suite, sinon tout l’article va y passer…)


  • Sun and Wind Alter Global Landscape, Leaving Utilities Behind - NYTimes.com

    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/14/science/earth/sun-and-wind-alter-german-landscape-leaving-utilities-behind.html?_r=0

    HELIGOLAND, Germany — Of all the developed nations, few have pushed harder than Germany to find a solution to global warming. And towering symbols of that drive are appearing in the middle of the North Sea.

    http://static01.nyt.com/images/2014/09/14/science/renewables-1410567791614/renewables-1410567791614-articleLarge.png

    They are wind turbines, standing as far as 60 miles from the mainland, stretching as high as 60-story buildings and costing up to $30 million apiece. On some of these giant machines, a single blade roughly equals the wingspan of the largest airliner in the sky, the Airbus A380. By year’s end, scores of new turbines will be sending low-emission electricity to German cities hundreds of miles to the south.

    It will be another milestone in Germany’s costly attempt to remake its electricity system, an ambitious project that has already produced striking results: Germans will soon be getting 30 percent of their power from renewable energy sources. Many smaller countries are beating that, but Germany is by far the largest industrial power to reach that level in the modern era. It is more than twice the percentage in the United States.

    #énergie #énergie_renouvelable #bilan_énergérique


  • Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2014
    http://www.digitalnewsreport.org

    This year’s report reveals new insights about digital #news consumption based on a YouGov survey of over 18,000 online news consumers in the UK, US, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Brazil, Japan, Denmark and Finland.

    This website contains data about the growth of tablets and smartphones, generational and country based differences in media usage. Also analysis on the role of impartial news in a digital world and the role of social media in finding and distributing news.

    #médias #presse #sites_d'information #Internet etc.


  • L’étonnante (ou pas) économie des réseaux sociaux : ici Wer-kennt-wen, « l’un des plus gros succès du Web allemand », « fermé en juin 2014 ».
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wer-kennt-wen

    Wer-kennt-wen (English: Who-knows-whom) was a popular German social networking site. […] According to Alexa Internet in July 2011, wer-kennt-wen had a world-wide traffic rank of 959 and was one of the most successful websites in Germany.

    […] The RTL Group decided to withdraw the site’s services by the beginning of June 2014.


  • Aerial Adria : An Italian Beach Resort Photographed from Above by Bernhard Lang

    Several years ago, Munich-based photographer Bernhard Lang vacationed at a seaside resort in Adria, Italy and was struck by the perfectly uniform arrangements of colored umbrellas used by each hotel. Last month he returned, this time by air, and shot for several hours on the coastline between Ravenna and Rimini. Lang is well known for his aerial photography of locations around Germany including coal mines, residential life, and industrial sites. You can see more over on Behance, and all of his work is available as fine art prints. All photos courtesy the photographer. (via This Isn’t Happiness)

    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bernhard-4.jpg
    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bernhard-1.jpg
    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bernhard-3.jpg
    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bernhard-6.jpg
    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bernhard-7.jpg
    http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2014/09/bernhard-lang-aerial-italy

    #Italie #photographie #plage #Adria #parasol #mer
    cc @albertocampiphoto


  • Israel Foreign Ministry proposes international force in Gaza, favors EU troops Document formulated in the context of ideas received by Germany, Britain, France and other European countries during the war in Gaza.
    By Barak Ravid | Sep. 7, 2014 Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.614455

    The Foreign Ministry submitted a classified document to the security cabinet two weeks ago with a proposal for stationing an international force in the Gaza Strip to monitor rehabilitation and prevent the rearming of Hamas and other terror groups. The Foreign Ministry believes that such a force could serve Israel’s interest if it carries out effective security work in Gaza.

    The two-page document, entitled “Principles and Parameters for Deployment of an International Force in Gaza,” was given to the ministers of the security cabinet on August 21, by Foreign Minister director-general Nissim Ben-Sheetrit. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s senior advisers read the document and discussed it with Foreign Ministry officials. The ministers also read the document, but have not met to discuss it.

    A senior Foreign Ministry official said the document was formulated in the context of ideas received by Germany, Britain, France and other European countries during the war in Gaza, to establish an international monitoring force in Gaza that would be based on an upgrading of the European monitoring force stationed at the Rafah crossing between 2005 and 2007.

    A few weeks ago, the Foreign Ministry established a 10-person team to formulate the principles for possible deployment of such a force. The team was headed by the Foreign Ministry’s deputy director general for diplomacy, Alon Ushpiz. A senior Foreign Ministry official said the document, which was formulated after a series of discussions, stated that an international force in Gaza could serve the Israeli interest if it effectively implemented security activities in the realm of demilitarization and preventing Hamas from gaining strength.

    According to the document, Israel should aspire for the international force to act according to the following principles:

    1. Makeup of the force: The document presents four alternatives – a European Union force; a Western force with membership of European countries as well as the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand; a United Nations force; and a NATO force. The Foreign Ministry recommended the EU option to the cabinet, because that was the most available force and because the Europeans have already shown willingness in principle for such a force.

    2. Powers: The Foreign Ministry believes the force’s powers should derive from the tasks of rehabilitation and disarmament. According to the document, the force should be armed and given enforcement powers that will “allow it to deal with threats from Hamas and other terror organizations.” The Foreign Ministry believes the force should carry out enforcement, monitoring and reporting at border crossings. It should have the power to prevent arms from entering the Gaza Strip, and to confiscate arms and other prohibited materials. It should also have powers in the realm of humanitarian aid and rehabilitation, and should be able to inspect UN facilities and schools in the Gaza Strip to ensure they are not concealing weapons.

    3. Deployment: The Foreign Ministry recommended that the force be deployed on the Palestinian side of the Rafah crossing and along the border between the Gaza Strip and Sinai – known as the Philadelphi strip – as well as certain areas inside the Gaza Strip, such as UN installations, in keeping with the force’s mandate.

    4. The force’s mandate and legal framework: The Foreign Office recommended to the cabinet that the force operate in the Gaza Strip by virtue of a UN Security Council resolution, or by virtue of an agreement between Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, the United States and the EU that would be backed by a UN Security Council resolution. The Foreign Ministry recommended that the force operate for at least a year, with an option to extend for another year. The Foreign Ministry also recommended that the force operate according to Chapter 6 of the UN Charter, as does UNIFIL in southern Lebanon. This means that all parties involved – Israel, the Palestinians and Egypt – would have to agree to its deployment. The Foreign Ministry does not recommend that the force operate according to Chapter 7 of the Charter – that is, a force that is imposed on the parties.

    A senior Foreign Ministry official said that deployment of an international force could become a very relevant possibility when talks on a long-term cease-fire are renewed in Cairo between Israel and Hamas and the other Palestinian factions. One of the issues that will be raised, mainly between Egypt and the Palestinians, is the permanent opening of the Rafah crossing.

    The Egyptians are demanding that the Rafah crossing be opened only with the presence of the Palestinian Presidential Guard, without Hamas forces. According to the agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority from 2005, the Rafah crossing can be opened only with the involvement of EU monitors.

    The senior Foreign Ministry official said that Egypt will have to be a key partner to all discussion of an international force in Gaza, and that coordination with Egypt is critical in this matter. According to the official, some European countries had broached the issue with Egypt even during the war in Gaza, but so far the Egyptians have not been enthusiastic.

    The senior official said that, in talks with some European countries, Israel presented a number of questions regarding the willingness of the EU to send a significant force that would carry out effective security work and could protect itself, in case it was attacked. “We brought up a number of questions, but so far the Europeans have not gotten back to us with a solid proposal regarding what they think such an international force should do in Gaza,” the senior Foreign Ministry official said.


  • Des agents secrets américains publient une lettre ouverte à Angela Merkel

    Offener Brief an Angela Merkel
    http://www.heise.de/tp/artikel/42/42680/1.html

    Amerikanische Ex-Geheimdienstmitarbeiter warnen vor Behauptungen der Geheimdienste zur Ukraine und erinnern an die irakischen Massenvernichtungswaffen

    Wir, die Unterzeichner, sind langjährige Veteranen der US-Nachrichtendienste. Wir unternehmen den außergewöhnlichen Schritt, diesen offenen Brief an Sie zu schreiben, um Ihnen die Gelegenheit zu geben, vor dem NATO-Gipfel am 4. und 5. September Einblick in unsere Sicht der Dinge zu bekommen.

    Et voici l’original en anglais : http://www.opednews.com/articles/Memorandum-For-Angela-Mer-by-Coleen-Rowley-Angela-Merkel_Ukraine_Ukraine_V

    Memorandum For: Angela Merkel: Beware of Fixed Intelligence on Ukraine— Think WMDs

    MEMORANDUM FOR: Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany

    FROM: Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity (VIPS)

    SUBJECT: Ukraine and NATO

    We the undersigned are long-time veterans of U.S. intelligence. We take the unusual step of writing this open letter to you to ensure that you have an opportunity to be briefed on our views prior to the NATO summit on September 4-5.

    You need to know, for example, that accusations of a major Russian “invasion” of Ukraine appear not to be supported by reliable intelligence. Rather, the “intelligence” seems to be of the same dubious, politically “fixed” kind used 12 years ago to “justify” the U.S.-led attack on Iraq. We saw no credible evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq then; we see no credible evidence of a Russian invasion now. Twelve years ago, former Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, mindful of the flimsiness of the evidence on Iraqi WMD, refused to join in the attack on Iraq. In our view, you should be appropriately suspicious of charges made by the U.S. State Department and NATO officials alleging a Russian invasion of Ukraine.

    President Barack Obama tried yesterday to cool the rhetoric of his own senior diplomats and the corporate media, when he publicly described recent activity in the Ukraine, as “a continuation of what’s been taking place for months now ... it’s not really a shift.”

    Obama, however, has only tenuous control over the policymakers in his administration — who, sadly, lack much sense of history, know little of war, and substitute anti-Russian invective for a policy. One year ago, hawkish State Department officials and their friends in the media very nearly got Mr. Obama to launch a major attack on Syria based, once again, on “intelligence” that was dubious, at best.

    Largely because of the growing prominence of, and apparent reliance on, intelligence we believe to be spurious, we think the possibility of hostilities escalating beyond the borders of Ukraine has increased significantly over the past several days. More important, we believe that this likelihood can be avoided, depending on the degree of judicious skepticism you and other European leaders bring to the NATO summit next week.

    Experience With Untruth

    ...


  • To really combat terror, end support for Saudi Arabia | Owen Jones | Comment is free | The Guardian
    http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/aug/31/combat-terror-end-support-saudi-arabia-dictatorships-fundamentalism

    Take Qatar. There is evidence that, as the US magazine The Atlantic puts it, “Qatar’s military and economic largesse has made its way to Jabhat al-Nusra”, an al-Qaida group operating in Syria. Less than two weeks ago, Germany’s development minister, Gerd Mueller, was slapped down after pointing the finger at Qatar for funding Islamic State (Isis).

    While there is no evidence to suggest Qatar’s regime is directly funding Isis, powerful private individuals within the state certainly are, and arms intended for other jihadi groups are likely to have fallen into their hands. According to a secret memo signed by Hillary Clinton, released by Wikileaks, Qatar has the worst record of counter-terrorism cooperation with the US.

    And yet, where are the western demands for Qatar to stop funding international terrorism or being complicit in the rise of jihadi groups? Instead, Britain arms Qatar’s dictatorship, selling it millions of pounds worth of weaponry including “crowd-control ammunition” and missile parts. There are other reasons for Britain to keep stumm, too. Qatar owns lucrative chunks of Britain such as the Shard, a big portion of Sainsbury’s and a slice of the London Stock Exchange.

    Then there’s Kuwait, slammed by Amnesty International for curtailing freedom of expression, beating and torturing demonstrators and discriminating against women. Hundreds of millions have been channelled by wealthy Kuwaitis to Syria, again ending up with groups like Jabhat al-Nusra.

    Kuwait has refused to ban the Revival of Islamic Heritage Society, a supposed charity designated by the US Treasury as an al-Qaida bankroller. David Cohen, the US Treasury’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, has even described Kuwait as the “epicentre of fundraising for terrorist groups in Syria”. As Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, an associate fellow at Chatham House, told me: “High profile Kuwaiti clerics were quite openly supporting groups like al-Nusra, using TV programmes in Kuwait to grandstand on it.” All of this is helped by lax laws on financing and money laundering, he says.

    But don’t expect any concerted action from the British government. Kuwait is “an important British ally in the region”, as the British government officially puts it. Tony Blair has become the must-have accessory of every self-respecting dictator, ranging from Kazakhstan to Egypt; Kuwait was Tony Blair Associates’ first client in a deal worth £27m. Britain has approved hundreds of arms licences to Kuwait since 2003, recently including military software and anti-riot shields.

    And then, of course, there is the dictatorship in Saudi Arabia. Much of the world was rightly repulsed when Isis beheaded the courageous journalist James Foley. Note, then, that Saudi Arabia has beheaded 22 people since 4 August. Among the “crimes” that are punished with beheading are sorcery and drug trafficking.

    Around 2,000 people have been killed since 1985, their decapitated corpses often left in public squares as a warning. According to Amnesty International, the death penalty “is so far removed from any kind of legal parameters that it is almost hard to believe”, with the use of torture to extract confessions commonplace. Shia Muslims are discriminated against and women are deprived of basic rights, having to seek permission from a man before they can even travel or take up paid work.

    Even talking about atheism has been made a terrorist offence and in 2012, 25-year-old Hamza Kashgari was jailed for 20 months for tweeting about the prophet Muhammad. Here are the fruits of the pact between an opulent monarchy and a fanatical clergy.

    This human rights abusing regime is deeply complicit in the rise of Islamist extremism too. Following the Soviet invasion, the export of the fundamentalist Saudi interpretation of Islam – Wahhabism – fused with Afghan Pashtun tribal code and helped to form the Taliban. The Saudi monarchy would end up suffering from blowback as al-Qaida eventually turned against the kingdom.


  • #livre Unwanted. Muslim Immigrants, Dignity and Drug Dealing

    The immigration of Muslims to Europe and the integration of later generations presents many challenges to European societies. Unwanted builds on five years of ethnographic research with a group of fifty-five second-generation Muslim immigrant drug dealers in Frankfurt, Germany to examine the relationship between immigration, social exclusion, and the informal economy. Having spent countless hours with these young men, hanging out in the streets, in cafes or bars and at the local community center, Sandra Bucerius explores the intimate aspects of their, one of the most discriminated and excluded populations in Germany. Bucerius looks at how the young men negotiate their participation in the drug market while still trying to adhere to their cultural and religious obligations and how they struggle to find a place within German society. The young men considered their involvement in the drug trade a response to their exclusion at the same time that it provides a means of forging an identity and a place within German society. The insights into the lives, hopes, and dreams of these young men, who serve as an example for many Muslim and otherwise marginalized immigrant youth groups in Western countries, provides the context necessary to understand their actions while never obscuring the many contradictory facets of their lives.

    http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/images/en_US/covers/medium/9780199856473_140.jpg
    http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199856473.do

    #migration #islam #drogue #Allemagne


  • La tombe de Stepan #Bandera à Munich vandalisée
    Stepan Bandera: Grab auf Münchner Waldfriedhof verwüstet - SPIEGEL ONLINE
    http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/stepan-bandera-grab-auf-muenchner-waldfriedhof-verwuestet-a-986581.html

    München - Unbekannte haben das Grab des umstrittenen ukrainischen Politikers Stepan Bandera in München verwüstet. Der oder die Täter rissen ein menschengroßes Kreuz vom Sockel des Grabmals auf dem Münchner Waldfriedhof, wie eine Sprecherin der Polizei bestätigte. Zudem wurden Blumenvasen umgeworfen und Graberde entnommen.

    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/BvPnHu4IcAA0TVM.jpg
    (photo twittée par le ministre ukrainien des Affaires étrangères, Pavlo Klimkin)

    >>>>>

    Grave of Ukrainian Nationalist Stepan Bandera Vandalized in Germany - NYTimes.com
    http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2014/08/17/world/europe/17reuters-germany-bandera.html

    MUNICH — The grave of Stepan Bandera, a leader of Ukrainian fighters who fought both Nazi and Soviet forces during World War Two and after, was vandalized in a German cemetery overnight, police said on Sunday.

    A marble cross about 1.80 meters high was torn down from his grave in Munich and left lying behind it, soil was removed from the grave and vases of flowers were overturned, police said in a statement.

    Bandera, who fought Soviet rule well into the 1950s and was assassinated by a KGB agent in 1959, is regarded as a hero by many in western Ukraine but in the Russian-speaking east of the country many take the Soviet view that he was a terrorist.

    http://www.kyivpost.com/media/images/2014/08/18/p18visd7ojbci4oh1v95ullfsa4/big.jpg
    A vandalized grave of Ukrainian political activist and nationalist movement leader Stepan Bandera is pictured on Aug. 17, 2014 at the Waldfriedhof cemetery in Munich, southern Germany. The grave of the controversial Ukrainian politician in Munich has been damaged by unidentified persons. Munich’s police confirmed on Sunday that a cross was removed from the base of the grave probably on early Sunday morning.
    © AFP

    Sur http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine-abroad/reuters-grave-of-ukrainian-nationalist-stepan-bandera-vandalized-in-german


  • A European green light to kill, destroy and pulverize Gaza
    If the security of Jews in the Mideast were of real interest to European countries like Germany and Austria, they wouldn’t continue subsidizing the Israeli occupation.
    By Amira Hass | Aug. 11, 2014 | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.609866

    In its ongoing silence, official Germany is collaborating with Israel on its journey of destruction and death, waged against the Palestinian people in Gaza. Germany isn’t alone – Austria’s silence is also deafening.

    Actually, why single out these two countries? On the second or third day of the war, Chancellor Angela Merkel wasn’t the only one to declare that she stood beside Israel. The entire European Union supported Israel and its right “to defend itself.”

    Yes, France and Britain did some squirming last week, making a few feeble sounds of protest. But the EU’s original stance, stated on July 22, still resounds. It accused the side under prolonged Israeli siege of causing the escalation. This is the side that, despite all the European declarations on its right to self-determination and an independent state in the West Bank and Gaza, is still under Israeli occupation after 47 years.

    EU member states and, obviously, the United States, gave Israel a green light to kill, destroy and pulverize. They placed the brunt of the blame on the people launching the rockets, the Palestinians. The rockets are disrupting the “order” and the “quiet,” endangering the security of Israel, which is so weak and vulnerable, always attacked for no reason whatsoever.

    Basically, the United States and Europe are endorsing the status quo under which the Gaza Strip is severed from the West Bank. The Israeli siege of Gaza and the oppression of the Palestinian population in the West Bank are Israel’s quiet, order and security. Whoever dares to violate this must be punished. In their passionate declarations on Israel’s right to defend itself, EU officials fail to mention the Palestinians’ right to security or protection from the Israeli army.

    Europe and the United States didn’t give Israel the green light to escalate — to destroy, kill and inflict suffering on an unprecedented scale — at the outbreak of the current hostilities. They already gave it back in 2006, when they spearheaded the boycott of the Hamas government, elected in a democratic vote.

    Even then they chose to collectively punish the entire occupied Palestinian population while ignoring the main reason this organization had won a majority: the pet Palestinian regime that Europe had fostered — the Palestinian Authority. This regime remains tarnished by two evils – corruption and the failure of its diplomatic tactics to achieve independence.

    The PA’s conduct has led to a situation in which negotiations, a willingness to reach a peace deal with Israel and even opposition to an armed struggle for moral and practical reasons have become synonymous with the enrichment of a small group — alongside its cynical disregard for the rights and conditions of most of the population.

    Neither quiet nor order

    One can understand that Israeli security experts repeatedly misread both open and subterranean currents coursing through Palestinian society, which again and again disrupt the “quiet.” Those experts’ brains aren’t programmed to understand that the quiet and order they’re supposed to preserve are neither quiet nor order.

    Two weeks ago, Jacob Perry, the public’s darling and a key figure in the documentary “The Gatekeepers,” said he hoped the security establishment would be able to contain the latest wave of demonstrations in the West Bank.

    “These demonstrations are bad for them and for us,” said the former head of the Shin Bet security service in a typically paternalistic manner. Indeed, the army, which did not wait for his advice, continues to kill demonstrators who do not endanger soldiers’ lives. They do this every week and wound dozens of others (two more were killed this weekend). Even after 47 years, security officials don’t get it that oppression does not lead to submission. At most it only postpones a much bloodier confrontation — as is now happening in Gaza.

    But what of Europe’s experts, aid workers, diplomats and civilian and military advisers, and the lessons accumulated over the many years of colonialism? One would have thought that all these people and events would have prevented Europe from making such an egregious mistake in 2006, from which arose all the escalations soaked in Palestinian blood.

    The boycott of Hamas, which in effect was a political boycott of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories, encouraged Fatah and PA President Mahmoud Abbas to overturn the election results by nondemocratic means. The boycott and Western contempt for the election result only goaded Hamas into extreme and desperate channels, turning it into a martyr and a respectable alternative in the public mind.

    In fact, this wasn’t a “mistake” but rather a conscious decision. European countries and the United States are willing to invest billions of dollars in the Palestinian territories for the reconstruction of rubble created using American, and probably European, arms. These dollars address humanitarian disasters caused by the Israeli occupation.

    Europe and the United States are willing to fund tents, food and water in order to domesticate a leadership held captive by these donations. These leaders therefore promise not to disrupt the quiet and order. It’s not justice and the Palestinians’ rights that the West holds dear, it’s the maintaining of “stability.”

    Germany and Austria are particularly noteworthy. Because of them there’s the impression that the European Union is so supportive of Israel due to guilt feelings over the murder of Europe’s Jews under German occupation, and due to a moral commitment to the direct offshoot of that chapter in history, the State of Israel.

    Shielded by the Holocaust, there is no need to discuss Western interests, whether American or European. These include the continued control, through trusted agents, of oil and gas resources, the protection of markets and the safeguarding of the “security” of Israel as a Western power, perceived as a stable entity that can contain and counter the changes in the region.

    If the security of Jews in the Middle East were of real interest to European countries, especially Germany and Austria, they would not continue subsidizing the Israeli occupation. They would not give Israel a permanent green light to kill and destroy.


  • UN names Gaza probe panel, headed by harsh Israel critic
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/israel-gaza-conflict-2014/.premium-1.610046

    Senior officials in the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem said that for the two weeks following UNHRC’s decision to establish the commission, Israel has attempted to influence its composition. Israel asked the United States, Australia, Germany, Britain and other allies to help make the commission more balanced. According to senior ministry officials, Israel made clear that if the commission is balanced, Israel would not completely boycott it, and would be prepared to hold a dialogue with it and convey information relevant to the probe.

    However, the Israeli efforts failed and the composition of the commission leans significantly toward the Palestinians.

    Senior officials in the Foreign Ministry said that Israel could use the commission’s lack of balance to delegitimize it internationally, as was previously tried with the Goldstone Commission in 2009.

    Israel started its delegitimization attempts less than an hour after the current appointments were announced.


  • Long et intéressant article sur le conflit UE-Gazprom

    Stalled Gazprom Antitrust Case May Suggest Unease for Energy Sanctions - NYTimes.com
    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/11/business/international/stalled-gazprom-antitrust-case-may-signal-unease-in-eu-for-energy-sanctions

    Even as Russia and the West keep raising the stakes in their economic sanctions battle, the one commodity that could matter most — Russian natural gas — seems still to be off limits.

    And that is all the more notable because long before Ukraine erupted as a geopolitical crisis, the European Union was aggressively pressing an antitrust case against the Russian state-controlled gas giant, Gazprom. If Europe has grounds to punish Moscow economically, the Gazprom antitrust case might seem to be a prime opportunity.

    Gazprom is suspected of inflating prices and imposing unfair restrictions on gas distribution within Europe, which is heavily reliant on Russian natural gas.

    As recently as last winter, Russia and the European Union’s competition commissioner, Joaquín Almunia, seemed on the verge of settling. But now the case appears to be languishing. And people close to the inquiry are uncertain whether it will be revived before the autumn, when Mr. Almunia is scheduled to leave office.

    While that prospect is disappointing to small European Union countries like Lithuania that are particularly dependent on Gazprom for their energy needs, the lost momentum of the antitrust case seems to underscore a reality: So far the sanctions war may be more about symbolic actions than imposing far-reaching economic pain on either side.

    Les accusations

    The antitrust investigation began in September 2011 with surprise raids by European officials on Gazprom offices and those of several of its customers in Germany and across Central and Eastern Europe.

    A year later Mr. Almunia opened a formal antitrust case asking three main questions:
    – Was Gazprom blocking gas flows in some parts of Europe?
    – Was the company thwarting its European customers’ efforts to diversify sources of supply?
    – And was it imposing unfairly high charges by linking gas prices to those of oil, rather than basing prices on global natural gas market rates?

    The case concentrated on Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

    Comment déterminer le « prix juste » (ie du marché) en situation d’exclusivité et d’absence d’alternative ?

    But the current case is a challenge to the way Gazprom links its gas prices to oil. That is a hugely sensitive issue for Mr. Putin and Russia, where a significant chunk of the national budget depends on the company’s energy export earnings.

    Oil-linked pricing in Europe goes back decades to the development of gas fields in countries like the Netherlands. Gas was pegged to the price of oil, which gas was replacing for uses like heating.

    But linked pricing began breaking down in Western Europe with deregulation of energy markets and with the availability of new supplies like liquefied natural gas, or L.N.G. But pricing still can be opaque, even in Western Europe, where a complete break of the oil-gas price link has proved difficult for big buyers in countries including Italy.

    Energy experts said Mr. Almunia would be on firm legal ground in demanding that Gazprom rid contracts of clauses that limit Eastern and Central European countries from shipping Russian gas to other destinations within the European Union. But many say that Mr. Almunia may have less standing to challenge Gazprom’s pricing practices.

    “For the Baltic States and Poland I think the commission is on difficult ground,” said Jonathan Stern, the chairman of a natural gas research program at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. He said the only viable alternative source of supply for those countries was L.N.G., which usually comes by ship from countries like Qatar and Norway and still is generally more costly than Russian gas carried by pipeline.

    “It’s very unlikely that either the Poles or the Lithuanians or anyone in the Baltics currently and historically could have obtained gas at a cheaper price than the Russians are selling it to them,” Mr. Stern said. “Politicians and people high up in the commission say the fact that prices charged to the Baltic States are higher than the prices charged to Germany proves those prices are anticompetitive. But that is not proof.”


  • A European green light to kill, destroy and pulverize Gaza
    If the security of Jews in the Mideast were of real interest to European countries like Germany and Austria, they wouldn’t continue subsidizing the Israeli occupation.
    By Amira Hass | Aug. 11, 2014 | 3:55 AM
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.609866

    In its ongoing silence, official Germany is collaborating with Israel on its journey of destruction and death, waged against the Palestinian people in Gaza. Germany isn’t alone – Austria’s silence is also deafening.

    Actually, why single out these two countries? On the second or third day of the war, Chancellor Angela Merkel wasn’t the only one to declare that she stood beside Israel. The entire European Union supported Israel and its right “to defend itself.”

    Yes, France and Britain did some squirming last week, making a few feeble sounds of protest. But the EU’s original stance, stated on July 22, still resounds. It accused the side under prolonged Israeli siege of causing the escalation. This is the side that, despite all the European declarations on its right to self-determination and an independent state in the West Bank and Gaza, is still under Israeli occupation after 47 years.

    EU member states and, obviously, the United States, gave Israel a green light to kill, destroy and pulverize. They placed the brunt of the blame on the people launching the rockets, the Palestinians. The rockets are disrupting the “order” and the “quiet,” endangering the security of Israel, which is so weak and vulnerable, always attacked for no reason whatsoever.

    Basically, the United States and Europe are endorsing the status quo under which the Gaza Strip is severed from the West Bank. The Israeli siege of Gaza and the oppression of the Palestinian population in the West Bank are Israel’s quiet, order and security. Whoever dares to violate this must be punished. In their passionate declarations on Israel’s right to defend itself, EU officials fail to mention the Palestinians’ right to security or protection from the Israeli army.

    Europe and the United States didn’t give Israel the green light to escalate — to destroy, kill and inflict suffering on an unprecedented scale — at the outbreak of the current hostilities. They already gave it back in 2006, when they spearheaded the boycott of the Hamas government, elected in a democratic vote.


  • Pilots’ union raps Lufthansa move to resume Israel route | Reuters
    http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/26/us-pilots-lufthansa-tech-israel-idUSKBN0FV0HX20140726

    Germany’s pilots’ union criticized a decision by Air Berlin and Lufthansa to resume flights to Israel, ending a ban imposed in response to fears that rockets fired from the Gaza Strip may hit aircraft.

    Lufthansa and Air Berlin said they will resume flights to Israel’s Ben Gurion Airport on Saturday, the same day a 12-hour humanitarian truce agreed by Israel and Hamas began.
    (…)
    Joerg Handwerg, a board member at German pilots’ union Vereinigung Cockpit said the decision seemed driven by political and economic factors rather than by security reasons.

    We should not be flying to locations where shots are being fired,” Handwerg said. The truce was only temporary and Israel’s rocket defense system appeared unable to hold up all rockets, he said.


  • Politics does not need to be full of hypocrisy- #Conor_Gearty
    http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/politics-does-not-need-to-be-full-of-hypocrisy-1.1862177

    We profess a belief in the power of nationalism, while all about us global pressures make a mockery of the power our leaders claim on our behalf.

    In Europe this demands the double standard of, on the one hand, claiming that our destiny lies in our own hands while, on the other, scrambling desperately (and sensibly) to do what Germany requires.

    (...)

    Beyond Europe, countries have become simulacra of nation states, compensating with ostentatious shows of pseudo-strength for the real power that has ebbed away – to other, more powerful countries; to multinational corporations; to international bodies such as the World Trade Organisation.

    (...) The democratic form of government has grown to pre-eminence at exactly the moment those “representing the people” have less and less to decide. National assemblies more resemble local authorities meeting the demands of capital than national legislatures controlling their own destiny (...)

    The larger lies are to do with who we are, where we are going and what can be achieved.

    The electorates of the democratic states demand to be told they are citizens of free, independent nations run by powerful but accountable leaders because this is what they were brought up to believe matters, a propaganda rooted in past achievement in which the pseudo-political elite colludes for its own purposes (“pseudo” because there is no hierarchy of importance among the powerless).

    (...)

    And yet when the facts collide with the national self-image (in Ireland, a visiting troika or a corporation demanding a tax break; in Britain the total unimportance of its view on, say, Iraq or Juncker; in France the inability of a president to deliver on his campaign promises; and so on), we react by condemning the politician for not doing what we knew in our heart of hearts was impossible, punishing him or her for being caught out by truth.

    In this process there are invariably rows of fantasy politicians lining up to lead the attack – the Farages, the Sinn Féiners, the Le Pens – all protected by their status as “opposition” from the responsibility of delivering what, were they in “power”, would prove to be entirely impossible.

    We are in this current predicament because our training as citizens has been overtaken by unpalatable facts on the ground, huge economic and technological changes that are wreaking havoc with our understanding of ourselves.

    Conor Gearty is professor of human rights law at the London School of Economics and director of its Institute of Public Affairs

    Money and power have only grudgingly yielded to the democratic agenda
    http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/money-and-power-have-only-grudgingly-yielded-to-the-democratic-agenda-1.

    With the Soviet threat gone, the field was clear for a frontal assault on the social justice that had been brokered by fear of revolution. Freedom became what markets delivered, not what humans aspired to. A new imperialism (“humanitarian intervention”) generated opportunities for freedom (aka the market) while dazzling the populace with the patriotism of war. Al-Qaeda’s exhibitionist violence kept fear at the front of “democratic” debate, using up space that might have been deployed to swing the political conversation more towards equality and justice.

    The structures of international capital, created largely outside democratic control after 1945, became increasingly confident in their global interventions on behalf of wealth and privilege. Social democratic forces have buckled before the assault, their arguments about solidarity, trade unions and co-operation seeming quaint and out-of-date. The democratic left did not realise until too late how much of its apparent power had been down to fear of Soviet-style revolution.

    True, national democracy survives, but in a hollow way, mocking the ambition that each term used to signal. It is this #mismatch – between claim and reality – that explains the perpetual anger (discussed last week) of our current politics, both in old and new democracies. Wealth has no intention of forgoing either term: they are useful illusions under which to rework the world to reflect the pre-democratic “Gilded Age” arrangements of opulence within, police guards and gated communities without and all under cover of a supposed democratic will, but one now damaged almost beyond repair by the pre- and anti-democratic forces ranged against it.

    Law can hold power to promises it never meant to keep
    http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/law-can-hold-power-to-promises-it-never-meant-to-keep-1.1877116

    ... it is in exactly this space between facts and theory (between what we are and what we think we were, and can be again) that opportunity is to be found. The memory of democracy’s egalitarian promise survives. So too do those other bequests of modernism, “the rule of law” and “respect for human rights”. The last two of these in particular have grown lives of their own which neo-democracy cannot always be sure to control and which it is not (yet?) strong enough to destroy.

    (...)

    In times of radical progress this judicial independence can be barrier to social improvement – but in these neo-democratic days it is an important defence against double standards. For all its faults the courtroom remains a protected space where discourse gives truth a chance to shine. Its presiding judges have the capability of holding power to promises it never meant to keep, and sometimes makes the powerful do so.

    (...)

    It is important not to exaggerate. Neither the judges nor human rights are a cavalry riding over the hill to rescue the democratic convoy from its enemies. Judges can – and sometimes are – co-opted by elite interests, becoming tools and propagators of neo-democracy, rather than challengers of it. Governments respond to the risks of litigation by trying to ensure that only the rich can access the courts.

    (...)

    Populist political leaders
    In subtler places they are condemned by populist political leaders as “undemocratic” and “out-of-touch” – for the crime of taking seriously what the society says it wants (human rights) but which in a neo-democratic world is impossible truly to have.

    All this explains the turn to law that we have seen in all democratic cultures recently. The shift entails a move to the courts as centres of opposition to initiatives intended to benefit the rich, the “haves” of power and other crucial societal resources, but which are at odds with what society – through its laws; through its constitution; through its rights guarantees – declares itself to be committed to achieve.

    But neither law nor human rights can on their own revive democratic culture.
    Next week, in the final article in this series, we focus on democratic revival.

    #démocratie #décalage


  • Merkel stands by Israel even when it kills Germans
    http://electronicintifada.net/blogs/david-cronin/merkel-stands-israel-even-when-it-kills-germans

    Earlier this year Angela Merkel was awarded Israel’s “presidential medal of distinction.” The German chancellor merited this honor, some journalists dutifully reported, because of her “unwavering commitment to Israel’s security.”

    That “unwavering commitment” might help explain why Merkel does not appear perturbed by what happened to Ibrahim al-Kilani. He had spent twenty years in Germany, qualifying there as a civil engineer, before returning to Gaza in 2001, where he had married and started raising a family. On Monday, Ibrahim, his wife Taghreed and their five children were wiped out in an Israeli attack.


  • Germany sees asylum requests soar in 2014

    In Germany, asylum applications rose by 59% in the first six months of 2014, reaching 77.109 requests. According to data released by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, the large majority of asylum seekers come from Syria, nearly 13,000 people (as triple as they were in the first semester of the last year). On the other hand, the number of those from Russia sharply decreased from 10,000 down to 2,865. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees processed over 60,000 requests and e granted 11,828 persons the status of political refugee, however 112,000 requests are still to process. The number of so-called ‘welfare tourists’ (people from safe countries who try to get benefits from German welfare) remains high, with around 20,000 asylum seekers from Serbia, Albania, Croatia and Bosnia.

    http://www.west-info.eu/germany-sees-asylum-requests-soar-in-2014/?ref=feed

    #Allemagne #asile #migration #réfugiés #statistiques #chiffres


  • Germany Sends 3000 Asylum Seekers Back to Bulgaria

    Nearly 3000 people are to return to Bulgaria from Germany, authorities in Berlin have warned.

    Most of those to be sent back here have been granted either humanitarian or refugee status, but some of them have managed to illegally cross Bulgaria’s borders and reach Western Europe, State Agency for Refugees (DAB) chief Nikolay Chirpanliev told Bulgarian daily Sega.

    http://www.novinite.com/articles/162089/Germany+Sends+3000+Asylum+Seekers+Back+to+Bulgaria

    #Dublin #règlement_Dublin #réfugiés #asile #migration #Allemagne #Bulgarie #renvoi


  • Attacks in Israel weigh heavily on lacrosse team
    http://www.haaretz.com/mobile/1.605479

    AP - Israeli forward Noach Miller is leading his team on quite a run at the world lacrosse championships, even if his mind is thousands of miles away.

    His squad, the one formed only four years ago, advanced to the quarterfinals with a 15-1 win over Germany on Tuesday. However, it’s hard for him and his teammates to bask in the moment as loved ones back home deal with rocket attacks from Gaza.

    #indécence extrême


  • METEO : niveau record d’ultra violet dans l’Amérique du Sud + tempête et foudre sur Washington DC
    http://www.brujitafr.fr/article-meteo-niveau-record-d-ultra-violet-dans-l-amerique-du-sud-tempete-

    Storms roll through D.C. region with heavy rain, strong wind and lots of lightning Dérive des pôles magnétiques : Il neige en Juillet ! ( en Russie + Pologne + France + Angleterre + Belgique + vortex polaire aux USA ) Record levels of solar ultraviolet measured in South America A team of researchers in the U.S. and Germany has measured the highest level of ultraviolet radiation ever recorded on the Earth’s surface. The extraordinary UV fluxes, (...)

    #NATURE_/_ECOLOGIE


  • Wall on wall
    Il y a eu pour ce travail, il y a un peu plus d’un an, une exposition à la East Side Gallery à Berlin.

    “Since 2006 Kai Wiedenhöfer has photographed eight border and separation walls:

    Baghdad [700 km]
    South-Korea | North-Korea [248 km]
    Cyprus | Greenline [180 km]
    USA | Mexico [3141 km]
    Ceuta and Melilla, Spain | Marocco [8+13 km]
    Israel | Occupied Palestinian Territories [703 km]
    Belfast | Peace Lines [15 km]
    The Iron Curtain | former German – German border [1378 km]”

    http://www.wallonwall.org

    http://vimeo.com/74916959

    http://www.fondation-carmignac.com/fr/le-prix-du-photojournalisme/les-prix/1ere-edition

    http://www.vice.com/fr/read/kai-wiedenhofer-hait-les-murs-mais-il-les-photographie-quand-meme

    #photographie #monde #murs #frontieres

    “Kai Wiedenhöfer, born in Germany in 1966, received a MA in photography and editorial design from the Folkwang School in Essen and studied Arabic in Damascus, Syria. Since 1989 the focus of his work is mainly the Middle East. He has received numerous awards, as the Leica Medal of Excellence, the Alexia Grant for World Peace and Cultural Understanding, World Press Photo Awards, the Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography and lately the Carmignac Gestion Photojournalism Award. He has published three books with Steidl “Perfect Peace“ (2002) , “Wall“ (2007) and “The Book of Destruction“ (2010) which was exhibited as a solo exhibtition in the Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.”


  • EU’s Anti-Open Source Approach to Procurement
    http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/2014/07/european-commissions-anti-open-source-approach-to-software-procurement/index.htm

    In recent posts, I’ve looked at the increasing use of open source software by governments in countries as diverse as China, Russia, India and Germany. Here I want to contrast those moves with the continuing failure of the European Commission to embrace free software - with huge costs for European citizens as a result, to say nothing of lost sovereignty.

    #open_source


  • Can You Die From a Broken Heart ? - Issue 15 : Turbulence
    http://nautil.us/issue/15/turbulence/can-you-die-from-a-broken-heart

    http://static.nautil.us/3697_0b105cf1504c4e241fcc6d519ea962fb.png

    Ruth and Harold “Doc” Knapke met in elementary school. They exchanged letters during the war, when Doc was stationed in Germany. After he returned their romance began in earnest. They married, raised six children and celebrated 65 anniversaries together. And then on a single day in August 2013, in the room they shared in an Ohio nursing home, they died. “No relationship was ever perfect, but theirs was one of the better relationships I ever observed,” says their daughter Margaret Knapke, 61, a somatic therapist. “They were always like Velcro. They couldn’t stand to be separated.” For years, Knapke says, she and her siblings watched their father’s health crumble. He suffered from longstanding heart problems and had begun showing signs of dementia. He lost interest in things he once enjoyed, (...)


  • “Germany has a censorship federal agency called BPjM which maintains a secret list of about 3000 URLs. To keep the list secret it is distributed in the form of md5 or sha1 hashes as the ‘BPJM-Modul’. They think this is safe. This leak explains in detail that it is in fact very easy to extract the hashed censorship list from home routers or child protection software and calculate the cleartext entries. It provides a first analysis of the sometimes absurd entries on such a governmental Internet censorship list.”

    https://bpjmleak.neocities.org

    #censorship #Germany