One Year after Morsi’s Ouster, Divides Persist on El-Sisi, Muslim Brotherhood | Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project
One Year after Morsi’s Ouster, Divides Persist on El-Sisi, Muslim Brotherhood | Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project
Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States, 2012
This statistical profile of the Latino population is based on Pew Research Center’s Hispanic Trends Project tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2012 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2012 ACS are based on the latest information from the 2010 Decennial Census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 Decennial Census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 and later ACS and earlier years is discussed in a Hispanic Trends Project 2012 report.
Immigration Facts the Republicans Don’t Want You to Know...
This video lays out the truth about the history of immigration into the United States.
The data used in this video is drawn from page 15 of the Pew Research Center’s report on Second Generation...
Mapping Twitter Topic Networks: From Polarized Crowds to Community Clusters | Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project
Conversations on Twitter create networks with identifiable contours as people reply to and mention one another in their tweets. These conversational structures differ, depending on the subject and the people driving the conversation. Six structures are regularly observed: divided, unified, fragmented, clustered, and inward and outward hub and spoke structures. These are created as individuals choose whom to reply to or mention in their Twitter messages and the structures tell a story about the nature of the conversation.
If a topic is political, it is common to see two separate, polarized crowds take shape. They form two distinct discussion groups that mostly do not interact with each other. Frequently these are recognizably liberal or conservative groups. The participants within each separate group commonly mention very different collections of website URLs and use distinct hashtags and words. The split is clearly evident in many highly controversial discussions: people in clusters that we identified as liberal used URLs for mainstream news websites, while groups we identified as conservative used links to conservative news websites and commentary sources. At the center of each group are discussion leaders, the prominent people who are widely replied to or mentioned in the discussion. In polarized discussions, each group links to a different set of influential people or organizations that can be found at the center of each conversation cluster.
Part 2: Conversational Archetypes: Six Conversation and Group Network Structures in Twitter | Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project
Part 2: Conversational Archetypes: Six Conversation and Group Network Structures in Twitter
By Marc A. Smith, Lee Rainie, Ben Shneiderman and Itai Himelboim
After examining thousands of maps of hundreds of subjects and events we found six distinct network structures in Twitter social networks. Each is profiled below. There is no doubt that there can be other styles and structures of social media networks remaining to discover. The landscape of social media remains a partially undiscovered and poorly mapped terrain. The six network types we describe are intended as initial examples of distinct forms, not as an exhaustive list of all possible forms. It is also important to note that these maps only cover Twitter. Similar structures may occur in similar types of social media services, but it might also be the case that different kinds of social media services may generate different structures of networks.
Take our 13-question quiz to test your knowledge of scientific concepts. Then see how you did in comparison with the 1,006 randomly sampled adults asked the same questions in a national poll conducted by the Pew Research Center and Smithsonian magazine.
The analysis of the findings from the poll can be found in the full report. (No peeking! If you are going to take the quiz, do it first before reading the analysis.)
Chart of the Week: How two decades of globalization have changed the world | Pew Research Center
this chart from Branko Milanovic, lead economist at the World Bank’s research department (as annotated by James Plunkett, policy director at U.K. think tank Resolution Foundation). Milanovic likes to call it, “How the world changed between the fall of the Berlin wall and the fall of Wall Street.”
The vertical axis measures real income growth (measured in constant dollars on a purchasing power parity basis) between 1988 and 2008. The horizontal axis shows not time but income levels, from lowest to highest. For example, the second dot on the chart marks the 10th percentile of income, meaning people who outearned just 10% of the world’s population; that group saw its real income rise more than 40% over that 20-year period.
The top 1% clearly did well during the period under study, but Milanovic notes that the biggest gains occurred further down the income ladder. “It is there…that we find some 200 million Chinese, 90 million Indians, and about 30 million people each from Indonesia, Brazil and Egypt,” he writes. “These two groups — the global top 1% and the middle classes of the emerging market economies — are indeed the main winners of globalization.”
MIDEAST - Majority in Mideast prefer women to wear headscarves: Survey
A recent survey conducted in seven Muslim-majority countries, including Turkey, finds that most people prefer that a woman completely covers her hair, but not necessarily her face.
Only in Turkey and Lebanon do more than 25 percent think it is appropriate for a woman to not cover her head at all in public, a survey conducted by the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research on behalf of the U.S.-based Pew Research Center showed.
The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a full burqa (woman #1), niqab (#2) and chador (#3) to different headscarves (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type.
Overall, most respondents say woman #4, whose hair and ears are completely covered by a white hijab, is the most appropriately dressed for public. This includes 57 percent in Tunisia, 52 percent in
Egypt, 46 percent in Turkey and 44 percent in Iraq. In Iraq and Egypt, woman #3, whose hair and ears are covered by the chador, is the second most popular choice.
The survey was conducted by the University of Michigan’s
Institute for Social Research on behalf of the U.S.-based
Pew Research Center.
In Pakistan, there is an even split (31 percent vs. 32 percent) between woman #3 and woman #2, who is wearing a niqab that exposes only her eyes, while nearly a quarter (24 percent) choose woman #4. In Saudi Arabia, a 63 percent-majority prefer woman #2, while an additional 11 percent say that the burqa worn by woman #1 was the most appropriate style of public dress for women.
A total of 3,019 people were asked to respond to questions between April and June 2013, but only 62 percent gave answer to the survey.
In several countries, substantial minorities say it is acceptable for a woman to not cover her hair in public. Roughly a third (32 percent) of Turks take this view, as do 15 percent of Tunisians. Nearly half (49 percent) in Lebanon also agree that it is acceptable for a woman to appear in public without a head covering, although this may partly reflect the fact that the sample in Lebanon was 27 percent Christian. Demographic information, including results by gender, were not included in the public release of the survey.
Even as publics in many of the surveyed countries express a clear preference for women to dress conservatively, many also say women should be able to decide for themselves what to wear. This attitude is most prevalent in Tunisia (56 percent), Turkey (52 percent) and Lebanon (49 percent). But nearly as many in Saudi Arabia (47 percent) also say a women should be free to choose how she dresses. Smaller, but sizable percentages agree in Iraq (27 percent), Pakistan (22 percent) and Egypt (14 percent).
Linking dress and modernity ’difficult’
“Based on these findings, it would be hard to connect women’s style of dress on the aggregate level to a country’s level of development and modernity,” the report said.
“Saudi Arabia, which is economically more developed, is most conservative in terms of women’s style of dress. Rather, it reflects a country’s orientations toward liberal values as well as the level of freedom people enjoy. In Lebanon, Tunisia, and Turkey, where people tend to be less conservative than the other four countries, the preferable style for women also tend to be much less conservative than the other four countries,” it said.
What the survey leaves unanswered is whether respondents think social or cultural norms will guide women in their choice to wear more conservative or less conservative attire in public.
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Au Liban, le pourcentage d’opinions favorables concernant l’Arabie séoudite s’effondre de 82% à 51% entre 2007 et 2013.
However, a Pew Research Center survey reveals that Saudi Arabia’s standing has slipped substantially among key Middle Eastern publics, including in Lebanon where favorable opinion has plummeted 31 percentage points since 2007. In contrast, opinion of Saudi Arabia has not soured in other predominately Muslim countries outside of the region.
The reasons for Saudi Arabia’s worsening image in the Middle East are likely multiple. Criticism of the influence the Saudis wield in the Middle East is significant in Lebanon, Tunisia and Turkey. And substantial disapproval of the Saudi government’s track record on protecting the personal freedoms of its citizens is evident in Turkey, Lebanon, the Palestinian territories and Tunisia, as it is in much of the world.
Opinion of Saudi Arabia is nearly evenly split in Lebanon, where 51% see their neighbor in a positive light and 49% see it negatively. Again, religious differences are evident, with roughly eight-in-ten Lebanese Sunni Muslims (82%) expressing a favorable view of the Saudi kingdom, compared with just 6% of Lebanese Shia. Lebanese Christians occupy the middle ground, with 52% favorable and 48% unfavorable toward Saudi Arabia.
A Portrait of Jewish Americans | Pew Research Center’s Religion & Public Life Project
Étude (par sondage) très intéressante sur l’identité juive aux É.-U.
(via @dedefensa : ►http://www.dedefensa.org/article-l_humeur_de_netanyahu_15_10_2013.html
American Jews overwhelmingly say they are proud to be Jewish and have a strong sense of belonging to the Jewish people, according to a major new survey by the Pew Research Center. But the survey also suggests that Jewish identity is changing in America, where one-in-five Jews (22%) now describe themselves as having no religion.
Mariages mixtes par génération
Attachement et attitudes vis-à-vis d’Israel
A Rise in Wealth for the Wealthy; Declines for the Lower 93% | Pew Social & Demographic Trends
During the first two years of the nation’s economic recovery, the mean net worth of households in the upper 7% of the wealth distribution rose by an estimated 28%, while the mean net worth of households in the lower 93% dropped by 4%, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly released Census Bureau data.
These wide variances were driven by the fact that the stock and bond market rallied during the 2009 to 2011 period while the housing market remained flat.
Affluent households typically have their assets concentrated in stocks and other financial holdings, while less affluent households typically have their wealth more heavily concentrated in the value of their home.
The different performance of financial asset and housing markets from 2009 to 2011 explains virtually all of the variances in the trajectories of wealth holdings among affluent and less affluent households during this period. Among households with net worth of $500,000 or more, 65% of their wealth comes from financial holdings, such as stocks, bonds and 401(k) accounts, and 17% comes from their home. Among households with net worth of less than $500,000, just 33% of their wealth comes from financial assets and 50% comes from their home.
Public Attitudes toward Gun Control | Pew Research Center for the People and the Press
The Pew Research Center has been tracking attitudes about gun control for nearly 20 years. Our question asks whether it is more important to protect the right of Americans to own guns, or to control gun ownership .
Our most recent survey on the issue, conducted July 26-29, 2012, shortly after a gunman killed 12 people at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, found that 47% said it was more important to control gun ownership, while 46% said it was more important to protect the rights of Americans to own guns. Opinions were largely unchanged from April 2012, when 45% prioritized gun control and 49% gun rights.
Recent mass shootings have had little impact on the public’s attitudes toward gun control.
Les événements n’influent quasiment pas sur les opinions.
Les opinions sont tranchées entre républicains et démocrates ; depuis 20 ans, l’opinion des démocrates évolue peu, alors que les républicains sont de plus en plus favorables au port d’arme.
The partisan gap in attitudes about gun control has widened considerably in recent years. In July, following the shootings in Colorado, 71% of Republicans said it was more important to protect the right of Americans to own guns while just 26% said it was more important to control gun ownership. Among Democrats, opinion was roughly the reverse: 72% said it was more important to control gun ownership while 21% prioritized gun rights. Independents were divided:50% said it was more important to protect gun rights; 43% said gun control was more important.
In 1993, fewer than half of Republicans (45%) prioritized gun rights over gun control. Democrats’ views over the past two decades, by contrast, have changed very little.
(article publié le 14/12, jour du massacre de Newton)
Behind Gay Marriage Momentum, Regional Gaps Persist | Pew Research Center for the People and the Press
One of the striking results in the 2012 exit polls was the support for legalizing gay marriage among black voters.
par ailleurs ça devient presque banal comme idée :)
New poll, data point to vast social polarization in US
Pew Research: “Fewer, Poorer, Gloomier: The Lost Decade of the Middle Class”
New poll, data point to vast social polarization in US
By David Walsh
24 August 2012
A survey released August 22 by the Pew Research Center in Washington, D.C. adds details to the picture of an American society divided sharply along class lines and dominated by growing social inequality.
“Fewer, Poorer, Gloomier: The Lost Decade of the Middle Class” is based on the results of a national poll supplemented by data from the US Census Bureau and Federal Reserve Board of Governors.
If the 2012 election were decided on Twitter, Ron Paul would be our next president | The Cutline - Yahoo! News
Ron Paul would win the Republican nomination by a landslide and unseat Barack Obama to become the 45th President of the United States—if the 2012 presidential race were held on Twitter.
That’s according to a new study by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism, which examined more than 20 million tweets about the 2012 campaign published between May 2 and November 27.
Paul “has enjoyed the most favorable tone on Twitter of all candidates examined,” the study found. Since May, more than half (55 percent) of tweets about the Republican hopeful have been positive—the highest percentage of any candidate in the GOP field. And just 15 percent of tweets about Paul have been negative—the lowest percentage of any candidate.
Compare that treatment to, say, Newt Gingrich, who has been subject to more negative tweets (40 percent) than positive (21 percent) by nearly a 2-to-1 margin. However, the study noted, Gingrich has seen his positive tweet stock rise in recent weeks, an effect (and, perhaps in part, cause) of the former House speaker’s rise in the polls.
President Barack Obama—who, in terms of sheer volume, is the most talked about 2012 candidate on social media platforms—has been pummeled on Twitter. More than half (51 percent) the tweets about Obama have been negative, while just 17 percent have been positive, according to the study. Still, Obama’s “most sharply negative assessment has come from the news media, not social media.”
twitter instrument de mesure pour la campagne américaine...
Hispanics Lost Two-Thirds Of Household Wealth In Recession: Study
Wealth disparities between white households and black and Hispanic households are greater than they’ve been in the past 25 years, a new study from the Pew Research Center has found.
The report, released Tuesday, shows that median wealth declined by 66 percent among Hispanic households between 2005 and 2009. For black households during the same time period, median wealth fell by 53 percent, while white households experienced a decline of only 16 percent.
The changes in median wealth over the four-year period measured mean that as of 2009, the average black household had only $5,677 in wealth — that is, assets minus debts — and the average Hispanic household had only $6,325. The average white household had $113,149 in wealth — 18 times that of Hispanic households, and 20 times that of black households.
Egyptians Embrace Revolt Leaders, Religious Parties and Military, As Well - Pew Research Center
Israel fares even more poorly. By a 54%-to-36% margin, Egyptians want the peace treaty with that country annulled.
Les égyptiens sont donc favorables - carrément - à l’annulation du traité de paix avec Israël. Et ça n’est pas une histoire d’islamisme :
Those who disagree with fundamentalists are almost evenly divided on whether the treaty with Israel should be annulled, while others favor ending the pact by a goodly margin.
Le New York Times commente cette enquête d’opinion.
Commentaires sans grand intérêt, mais qui contient au détour d’une phrase cette information :
Mr. Saleh of the Muslim Brotherhood, however, said he supported maintaining the treaty.
“There is a difference between the people’s feelings toward Israel and their political assessment,” he said “Those who want to maintain the treaty are motivated by Egypt’s interest. It is not because they accept Israel.”
Et voilà, les Frères musulmans égyptiens souhaitent, eux, maintenir le traité de paix avec Israël, contrairement à la majorité des égyptiens.
Ces Frères musulmans égyptiens sont vraiment des gens très bien. Presque aussi bien que les Frères musulmans syriens, que Saad Hariri essayait de vendre aux Américains avec cet argument :
They even support peace with Israel.
New Media, Old Media - Pew Research Center