organization:royal society

  • Computer simulating 13-year-old boy becomes first to pass #Turing test | Technology | theguardian.com
    http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/08/super-computer-simulates-13-year-old-boy-passes-turing-test?CMP=fb_gu

    A “super computer” has duped humans into thinking it was a 13-year-old boy to become the first machine to pass the Turing test, experts have said. Five machines were tested at the Royal Society in central London to see if they could fool people into thinking they were humans during text-based conversations.

    #ordinateurs via @opironet


  • Kenneth Goldsmith Printed Out 33 GB Of The Internet In Support of Aaron Swartz
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/05/19/kenneth-goldsmith-printed_n_5352203.html

    Currently sitting in a gallery in Dusseldorf, Germany is a print out of Papers from Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society. This was Kenneth Goldsmith’s idea, and it resulted in the printing of around 250,000 sheets of paper. (...) 33 gigabytes made physical, the 33 GB of JStor documents legally obtained and then uploaded to The Pirate Bay by Greg Maxwell on the day after Reddit co-founder Aaron Swartz was indicted by the US Attorney General’s office for his attempt to rip JStor’s content out from its pay wall.

    http://i0.huffpost.com/gen/1804125/thumbs/n-PAPER-large570.jpg

    cf. http://seenthis.net/messages/28667


  • Introduction to Traditional Peer Review | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network
    http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/information-culture/2014/04/19/introduction-to-traditional-peer-review

    Raffa

    Introduction to Traditional Peer Review | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network - http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/informa...

    2 minutes ago

    from Bookmarklet

    Comment

    Like

    "Peer review was introduced to scholarly publication in 1731 by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, which published a collection of peer-reviewed medical articles. Despite this early start, in many scientific journal publications the editors had the only say on whether an article will be published or not until after World War II. “Science and The Journal of the American Medical Association did not use outside reviewers until after 1940, “(Spier, 2002). The Lancet did not implement peer-review until 1976 (Benos et al., 2006). After the war and into the fifties and sixties, the specialization of (...)

    http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/wp-content/themes/default-enhanced/images/information-culture.jpg


  • The Alan Turing Year - 2012 Turing Centenary
    http://www.mathcomp.leeds.ac.uk/turing2012

    Turing Year logo

    Centenary Events

    ATY EVENTS OVERVIEW

    ATY ... 2013 EVENTS OVERVIEW

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    AI at Donetsk, Ukraine

    AI*IA Symp. Artificial Intelligence

    Alan Mathison Turing, Roma

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    AMS Special Session, USA

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    Andrew Hodges @ Royal Society

    Animation12, Manchester

    Año Turing (ASCIE/CODDii)

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    Artificial General Intelligence

    ATY at University of Bari, Italy

    Bangalore Turing Year event

    Barriers in Complexity Workshop

    BCTCS 2012, Manchester

    Bernard Richards@Man Lit & Phil

    BLINC Digital Arts Festival Conwy

    Bogota: Legacy of Alan Turing

    Brazilian Alan Turing Year

    Brazilian Logic Conference

    British Logic Colloquium 2012

    British Mathematical Coll 2012

    BSHM/OUDCE: ’Turing’s Worlds’

    Bulgarian Mathematicians Union

    Andrew Hodges@Canadian SHPM

    CCA 2012 in Cambridge

    CCR/Randomness Workshop

    Cesena/Urbino Celebrations

    Challenging Turing, Stanford

    CIAA 2012, Porto, Portugal

    City Univ. Edwards Lecture

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    CMC13/Membrane Comp Hungary

    Coimbatore Turing Celebrations

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    Computational Complexity ’12

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    CONCUR 2012, Newcastle

    Days in Logic 2012, Portugal

    DCM 2012 in Cambridge

    ECAI 2012 Turing Session

    Encyclopedia Show, Chicago

    Edinburgh Turing Festival

    INFTY courses at ESSLLI 2012

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    European Congress Mathematics

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    Haifa Verification Conference

    Hodges in Manchester

    Human Complexity 2012, USA

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    THE INCOMPUTABLE, UK

    Int. Mathematica Symposium

    Informatik 2012, Germany

    IJCAR 2012, Manchester

    ISCS/Complex Systems, Kos

    ISR 2012 in the ATY

    Kanpur: Turing Centenary event

    Kerala Turing Centenary day

    ITiCSE 2012, Haifa, Israel

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    Lectio Magistralis di Judea Pearl

    LGBT History Month, Bletchley

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    Limits of Theorem Proving, Rome

    LOGIC COLLOQUIUM 2012

    Madrid: The Alan Turing Legacy

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    A Computable Universe

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    NATURE - ’Alan Turing At 100’

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    Computer Journal Special Iss.

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    Alan Turing Bibliography - BibTeX

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    Rudy Rucker: Turing & Burroughs

    Quadrature No.84 features Turing

    Cryptograph Museum Catalogue

    White Cat Black Cat comic

    Blue Sky Kids, pp.46-47

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    Incomputability After Alan Turing

    Alan Turing illustrated

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    Westminster debate transcript

    the making of Alan Turing

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    Tom Vickers recalls Alan Turing

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    ’We need more oddballs’

    Computer Education, Tsinghua

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    La strana vita di Alan Turing

    Jack Copeland: Big Question 1

    Jack Copeland: Big Question 2

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    Play: A Most Secret War

    Intuition & Ingenuity Catalogue

    Davis: Il Calcolatore Universale

    The Foresight of Alan Turing

    Turing at ’Gay to Z’

    AT and Enigmatic Statistics New!

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    Historia y Vida article New!

    Capt. Jerry Roberts stamps New!

    SAPERE: Computing Nature New!

    IJSE: Turing on Emotions New!

    Audio, Video and Film

    ATY on Audioboo

    Breaking the Code

    Strange Life and Death, Pt.1

    Strange Life and Death, Pt.2

    (part) The Death of Alan Turing

    Radiolab: The Turing Problem

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    100 Years of Alan Turing

    Alan Turing Codebreaker film

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    ATY Lectures from Calgary

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    Rudy Rucker ’Imitation Game’

    Alan Turing - The Sacred Texts

    IEEE Interview of Andrew Hodges

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    ’Intelligent machines?’ (Spanish)

    IET/BCS Turing Lecture 2012

    Turing Year on Hong Kong radio

    Public Meeting in Hong Kong, Pt.1

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    Hong Kong Speaker Lunch, Pt.1

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    Alan Turing Hong Kong activities

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    Tartu ATY Conference film

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    Hong Kong Music tribute to AMT

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    Turing People in Vienna New!

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    David Link’s LoveLetters video

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    AT - L’attributo dell’intelligenza

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    Composer Barry Truax work

    Chinese Song for Alan Turing

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    Loke Lay score Alan Turing Song

    Loke Lay score AT Song, Eng. Yb

    Eli Fung sings Alan Turing Song

    Binaerpilot: Songs for Alan Turing

    Barry Truax: Enigma premiere

    Truax: From the Unseen World

    Hong Kong Music tribute to AMT

    PSBs Memory Of The Future

    Supporting Organisations

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    Other External Links

    Alan Turing Home Page

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    June 23, 2012, is the Centenary of Alan Turing’s birth in London. During his relatively brief life, Turing made a unique impact on the history of computing, computer science, artificial intelligence, developmental biology, and the mathematical theory of computability.

    2012 will be a celebration of Turing’s life and scientific impact, with a number of major events taking place throughout the year. Most of these will be linked to places with special significance in Turing’s life, such as Cambridge, Manchester and Bletchley Park.

    The Turing Year is coordinated by the Turing Centenary Advisory Committee (TCAC), representing a range of expertise and organisational involvement in the 2012 celebrations. Organisations and individuals wanting to contribute ideas or support for the Turing Year are invited to contact any of the current TCAC members.


  • https://thepiratebay.se/torrent/6554331

    via @thsutton

    Several years ago I came into possession, through rather boring and lawful means, of a large collection of JSTOR documents.

    These particular documents are the historic back archives of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, a prestigious scientific journal with a history extending back to the 1600s.

    The portion of the collection included in this archive, ones published prior to 1923 and therefore obviously in the public domain, total some 18,592 papers and 33 gigabytes of data.

    The documents are part of the shared heritage of all mankind, and are rightfully in the public domain, but they are not available freely. Instead the articles are available at $19 each—for one month’s viewing, by one person, on one computer. It’s a steal. From you.

    #copyfraud, voir : http://seenthis.net/messages/107455

    This archive contains 18,592 scientific publications totaling 33GiB, all from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and which should be available to everyone at no cost, but most have previously only been made available at high prices through
    paywall gatekeepers like JSTOR.

    Limited access to the documents here is typically sold for $19 USD per article, though some of the older ones are available as cheaply as $8. Purchasing access to this collection one article at a time would cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

    Also included is the basic factual metadata allowing you to locate works by title, author, or publication date, and a
    checksum file to allow you to check for corruption.

    I’ve had these files for a long time, but I’ve been afraid that if I published them I would be subject to unjust legal harassment by those who profit from controlling access to these works.

    I now feel that I’ve been making the wrong decision.

    On July 19th 2011, Aaron Swartz was criminally charged by the US Attorney General’s office for, effectively, downloading too many academic papers
    from JSTOR.

    Academic publishing is an odd system—the authors are not paid for their writing, nor are the peer reviewers (they’re just more unpaid academics), and in some fields even the journal editors are unpaid. Sometimes the authors must even pay the publishers.

    And yet scientific publications are some of the most outrageously expensive pieces of literature you can buy. In the past, the high access fees supported the costly mechanical reproduction of niche paper journals, but online distribution has mostly made this function obsolete.

    As far as I can tell, the money paid for access today serves little significant purpose except to perpetuate dead business models. The “publish or perish” pressure in academia gives the authors an impossibly weak negotiating position, and the existing system has enormous inertia.

    ...

    #JSTOR #TPB #Aaron_Swartz #Greg_Maxwell #publication #science


  • Royal Society frees up journal archive | Nature News Blog
    http://blogs.nature.com/news/2011/10/royal_society_frees_up_journal_1.html

    Ben Franklin’s account of his electric kite experiment (1752) and Isaac Newton’s first ever paper (1672) are among 60,000 historical scientific papers now freely accessible online, after Britain’s Royal Society opened up its journal archive.

    The archive goes all the way back to 1665, when Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first appeared – probably the world’s first peer-reviewed scientific journal. It’s now fully searchable, and all papers published more than 70 years ago are free to view. (You’ll still have to pay for the newer ones). The BBC picks out some weird and wonderful papers, including the woman who swallowed a bullet (in 1668), and an experimental canine blood transfusion (1666).

    #histoire #science #numérisation #archives #internet

    As digitization of print works gets easier and cheaper, “we do not feel it is justifiable to continue charging for access [to out-of-copyright material]”, Taylor said. The Royal Society’s pay-per-view income for the entire archive (including papers after 1941) amounts to less than 0.5% of their total publishing revenues.


  • Thousands of scientific papers uploaded to the Pirate Bay — Tech News and Analysis
    http://gigaom.com/2011/07/21/pirate-bay-jstor

    The torrent consists of documents from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, the copyright to which has long since expired. However, the only way to access these documents until now has been via JSTOR, as Maxwell explains in a long and eloquent text on the Pirate Bay, with individual articles costing as much as $19.

    #publication #science #commercialisation