organization:royal society

  • “O, Excellent Air Bag” : Humphry Davy and Nitrous Oxide | The Public Domain Review

    The summer of 1799 saw a new fad take hold in one remarkable circle of British society: the inhalation of “Laughing Gas”. The overseer and pioneer of these experiments was a young Humphry Davy, future President of the Royal Society. Mike Jay explores how Davy’s extreme and near-fatal regime of self-experimentation with the gas not only marked a new era in the history of science but a turn toward the philosophical and literary romanticism of the century to come.

    Une expérience crypto-psychédélique en 1799... qui n’est pas sans rappeler l’expérience personnelle de Hoffman découvrant le LSD sur sa bicyclette.
    Avec d’excellent dessins caricaturant ces médecins scientifiques écroulés comme des tordus ;-)

  • Why We Can’t Rule Out Bigfoot - Issue 16: Nothingness

    I recently got an email from an anthropologist commenting on a new report in the Proceedings of the Royal Society. The topic of that report was Bigfoot—or rather, a genetic analysis of hairs that people over the years have claimed belong to a giant, hairy, unidentified primate. The international collaboration of scientists, led by University of Oxford geneticist Bryan Sykes, found no evidence that the DNA from the hairs belonged to a mysterious primate. Instead, for the most part, it belonged to decidedly unmysterious mammals such as porcupines, raccoons, and cows. My correspondent summed up his opinion succinctly: “Well, duh.” This new paper will not go down in history as one of the great scientific studies of all time. It doesn’t change the way we think about the natural world, or (...)

  • Computer simulating 13-year-old boy becomes first to pass #Turing test | Technology |

    A “super computer” has duped humans into thinking it was a 13-year-old boy to become the first machine to pass the Turing test, experts have said. Five machines were tested at the Royal Society in central London to see if they could fool people into thinking they were humans during text-based conversations.

    #ordinateurs via @opironet

  • Kenneth Goldsmith Printed Out 33 GB Of The Internet In Support of Aaron Swartz

    Currently sitting in a gallery in Dusseldorf, Germany is a print out of Papers from Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society. This was Kenneth Goldsmith’s idea, and it resulted in the printing of around 250,000 sheets of paper. (...) 33 gigabytes made physical, the 33 GB of JStor documents legally obtained and then uploaded to The Pirate Bay by Greg Maxwell on the day after Reddit co-founder Aaron Swartz was indicted by the US Attorney General’s office for his attempt to rip JStor’s content out from its pay wall.


  • Introduction to Traditional Peer Review | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network


    Introduction to Traditional Peer Review | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network -

    2 minutes ago

    from Bookmarklet



    "Peer review was introduced to scholarly publication in 1731 by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, which published a collection of peer-reviewed medical articles. Despite this early start, in many scientific journal publications the editors had the only say on whether an article will be published or not until after World War II. “Science and The Journal of the American Medical Association did not use outside reviewers until after 1940, “(Spier, 2002). The Lancet did not implement peer-review until 1976 (Benos et al., 2006). After the war and into the fifties and sixties, the specialization of (...)

  • The Alan Turing Year - 2012 Turing Centenary

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    Espace Turing, France

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    Legacy for Computing & Humanity

    Manchester Walks, June 23

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    Breaking the Code in Europe

    ’Turings Erfenis’ in Amsterdam

    ATY in Hong Kong Exhibition

    NY Consciousness Collective

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    OTHER LIVES in Jerusalem


    Turing Poster Exhibition

    Poem: Enigma Variations

    Alan Turing: The Enigma

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    Alan Turing: His Work and Impact

    A Computable Universe

    Pioneer of the Information Age

    NATURE - ’Alan Turing At 100’


    Computer Journal Special Iss.

    AIECM 2012 book on AI

    Philosophia Scientiæ Spec. Iss.

    The Universal Computer

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    AT & His Contemporaries

    Alan Turing’s Philosophy

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    Der Spiegel: Das Phantom

    CACM: Turing’s Titanic Machine?

    Odyssey mag. special issue

    Wiley Turing Centenary offer

    Artlink Magazine special issue

    Alan Turing Bibliography

    Alan Turing Bibliography - BibTeX

    Alan M Turing by Sara Turing

    ACM interview with Robert Soare

    Rudy Rucker: Turing & Burroughs

    Quadrature No.84 features Turing

    Cryptograph Museum Catalogue

    White Cat Black Cat comic

    Blue Sky Kids, pp.46-47

    Manchester banner

    Incomputability After Alan Turing

    Alan Turing illustrated

    Turing: Phil Trans Royal Soc

    Westminster debate transcript

    the making of Alan Turing

    Computer Journal: Turing Focus

    SITN ’Flash’ Turing Edition

    Bletchley Park Turing Special

    Tom Vickers recalls Alan Turing

    GCHQ & Turing’s Legacy

    ’We need more oddballs’

    Computer Education, Tsinghua

    Take Tea with Turing

    Alan Turing Monopoly board

    Konrad Zuse und die Schweiz

    Bruderer on Turing and Zuse

    Turing & Artificial Languages

    Warren McCulloch & Alan Turing

    La strana vita di Alan Turing

    Jack Copeland: Big Question 1

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    Play: A Most Secret War

    Intuition & Ingenuity Catalogue

    Davis: Il Calcolatore Universale

    The Foresight of Alan Turing

    Turing at ’Gay to Z’

    AT and Enigmatic Statistics New!

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    Historia y Vida article New!

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    SAPERE: Computing Nature New!

    IJSE: Turing on Emotions New!

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    ATY on Audioboo

    Breaking the Code

    Strange Life and Death, Pt.1

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    (part) The Death of Alan Turing

    Radiolab: The Turing Problem

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    Pink Triangle: Dear Alan

    100 Years of Alan Turing

    Alan Turing Codebreaker film

    Decoding Alan Turing

    ATY Lectures from Calgary

    A Turing Phase - podcast

    ’The Creator’ at The Cornerhouse

    Rudy Rucker ’Imitation Game’

    Alan Turing - The Sacred Texts

    IEEE Interview of Andrew Hodges

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    ’Intelligent machines?’ (Spanish)

    IET/BCS Turing Lecture 2012

    Turing Year on Hong Kong radio

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    Hong Kong Speaker Lunch, Pt.1

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    Alan Turing Hong Kong activities

    Turing and his Times

    IEEE Computer at Bletchley Park

    Via Crucis Alan Turing


    THE TURING ENIGMA - trailer

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    Kasparov vs Turing

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    Hong Kong Music tribute to AMT

    Der Urahn aller Computernerds

    blinc 2012 Tribute to Turing

    AT: Strange Oceans of Thought

    Homenaje a Alan Turing

    blinc Portrait in Sound & Visuals

    Turing People in Vienna New!

    Oxford: Centenary Lectures New!

    David Link’s LoveLetters video

    BCS/IET Turing Lecture 2013New!

    B. Randell: Uncovering Colossus

    George Dyson in Italy New!

    BBC Radio4: The Turing Solution

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    June 23, 2012, is the Centenary of Alan Turing’s birth in London. During his relatively brief life, Turing made a unique impact on the history of computing, computer science, artificial intelligence, developmental biology, and the mathematical theory of computability.

    2012 will be a celebration of Turing’s life and scientific impact, with a number of major events taking place throughout the year. Most of these will be linked to places with special significance in Turing’s life, such as Cambridge, Manchester and Bletchley Park.

    The Turing Year is coordinated by the Turing Centenary Advisory Committee (TCAC), representing a range of expertise and organisational involvement in the 2012 celebrations. Organisations and individuals wanting to contribute ideas or support for the Turing Year are invited to contact any of the current TCAC members.


    via @thsutton

    Several years ago I came into possession, through rather boring and lawful means, of a large collection of JSTOR documents.

    These particular documents are the historic back archives of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, a prestigious scientific journal with a history extending back to the 1600s.

    The portion of the collection included in this archive, ones published prior to 1923 and therefore obviously in the public domain, total some 18,592 papers and 33 gigabytes of data.

    The documents are part of the shared heritage of all mankind, and are rightfully in the public domain, but they are not available freely. Instead the articles are available at $19 each—for one month’s viewing, by one person, on one computer. It’s a steal. From you.

    #copyfraud, voir :

    This archive contains 18,592 scientific publications totaling 33GiB, all from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and which should be available to everyone at no cost, but most have previously only been made available at high prices through
    paywall gatekeepers like JSTOR.

    Limited access to the documents here is typically sold for $19 USD per article, though some of the older ones are available as cheaply as $8. Purchasing access to this collection one article at a time would cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

    Also included is the basic factual metadata allowing you to locate works by title, author, or publication date, and a
    checksum file to allow you to check for corruption.

    I’ve had these files for a long time, but I’ve been afraid that if I published them I would be subject to unjust legal harassment by those who profit from controlling access to these works.

    I now feel that I’ve been making the wrong decision.

    On July 19th 2011, Aaron Swartz was criminally charged by the US Attorney General’s office for, effectively, downloading too many academic papers
    from JSTOR.

    Academic publishing is an odd system—the authors are not paid for their writing, nor are the peer reviewers (they’re just more unpaid academics), and in some fields even the journal editors are unpaid. Sometimes the authors must even pay the publishers.

    And yet scientific publications are some of the most outrageously expensive pieces of literature you can buy. In the past, the high access fees supported the costly mechanical reproduction of niche paper journals, but online distribution has mostly made this function obsolete.

    As far as I can tell, the money paid for access today serves little significant purpose except to perpetuate dead business models. The “publish or perish” pressure in academia gives the authors an impossibly weak negotiating position, and the existing system has enormous inertia.


    #JSTOR #TPB #Aaron_Swartz #Greg_Maxwell #publication #science

  • Royal Society frees up journal archive | Nature News Blog

    Ben Franklin’s account of his electric kite experiment (1752) and Isaac Newton’s first ever paper (1672) are among 60,000 historical scientific papers now freely accessible online, after Britain’s Royal Society opened up its journal archive.

    The archive goes all the way back to 1665, when Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first appeared – probably the world’s first peer-reviewed scientific journal. It’s now fully searchable, and all papers published more than 70 years ago are free to view. (You’ll still have to pay for the newer ones). The BBC picks out some weird and wonderful papers, including the woman who swallowed a bullet (in 1668), and an experimental canine blood transfusion (1666).

    #histoire #science #numérisation #archives #internet

    As digitization of print works gets easier and cheaper, “we do not feel it is justifiable to continue charging for access [to out-of-copyright material]”, Taylor said. The Royal Society’s pay-per-view income for the entire archive (including papers after 1941) amounts to less than 0.5% of their total publishing revenues.

  • Thousands of scientific papers uploaded to the Pirate Bay — Tech News and Analysis

    The torrent consists of documents from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, the copyright to which has long since expired. However, the only way to access these documents until now has been via JSTOR, as Maxwell explains in a long and eloquent text on the Pirate Bay, with individual articles costing as much as $19.

    #publication #science #commercialisation