Conflit israélo-arabe. Télégramme diplomatique américain diffusé par WikiLeaks.
Intéressante reprise de commentaires faits par Kissinger en 1975. Depuis l’Arabie saoudite, il y fait montre de compréhension à l’égard des positions arabes et critique la direction israélienne – Rabin est alors premier ministre – qui reste sourde aux évolutions des pays arabes et à leur désir de paix. Kissinger parle d’arrangement pacifique (peaceful accomodation) qu’Israël aurait pu aisément accepté si le pays ne souffrait pas des « complexes de Massada et de Samson ».
WikiLeaks: US blamed Israel for holding back peace in 1975
By ARIEL BEN SOLOMON
“The ’Post’ uncovers WikiLeak’s ’Kissinger cables’ from US Embassy in Saudi Arabia analyzing Israeli-Arab conflict, sympathizing with Arab position; Israel depicted as panicky and suffering from a Samson complex.
WikiLeaks has published 1.7 million US diplomatic documents ranging from 1973-1976 online. It is their largest release to date and it is named after the former US secretary of state Henry Kissinger because many of the documents were addressed to or written by him.
The Jerusalem Post has uncovered a cable sent from the US Embassy in Saudi Arabia on January 9, 1975, which analyzed the Israeli-Arab conflict. It was concluded that it was Israel’s stubborn position that was holding back peace.
At one point the cable stated, “Nevertheless, viewed from here, the Israeli pessimism seems largely if not entirely unwarranted. It seems based on an extraordinary lack of understanding of what happened in the Arab world in the last year and a half. Rather than girding their loins for the fifth, sixth, seventh Israeli-Arab wars. The Israelis might examine more carefully than they seem to have done so far the alternative of a peaceful accommodation with the Arabs.” (…) The report goes on to make stinging criticism against the Israeli position.
“Before talking about extermination, and before allowing either the Masada or the Samson complex to progress to obsession, the Israelis might usefully examine their own position and that of the Arabs,” the report stated, adding that Cairo and Damascus strongly yearn for peace.
“All reports we have heard and read from Egypt and Syria lead us to believe that those two countries strongly yearn for peace and that they would like to devote their energies to reconstruction of their countries.” Then-prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, the cables continued, was not helping the Arab leaders who sought peace.
“The advocates of this approach, however, have not been helped by statements of Rabin and others in Israel that the next withdrawal will be the last for several years.” The report concluded with a policy prediction reminiscent of contemporary arguments.
“The Palestinians might consider a demilitarized state as humiliating or detracting from their sovereignty, but it is unlikely they would get much sympathy or help from the Saudis if they tried to spoil a settlement. If they agreed they could expect massive Saudi financial support to make their tiny new state viable. Jordan and Israel would benefit vicariously.”