Open Source Seed Initiative: “Patents on naturally occurring biodiversity in plant breeding are an abuse of patent law,” the opposition statement read, “because instead of protecting inventions they become an instrument for the misappropriation of natural resources.”
#Amazon #patents studio #photography on seamless white background:
So the next time you post one of your studio shots of a subject against a white background, don’t be surprised if you get a cease and desist letter from Amazon ordering you to stop using Amazon’s novel approach to studio lighting.
Fire in the Blood - Dylan Mohan Gray (2013)
j’ai livetwitté en regardant :
@jamie_love @ZackieAchmat starring in #FireInTheBlood on NRK2 now
FireInTheBlood is a story about statistics — millions of people died
In 1996 Edwin Cameron was saved by ARVs “most astonishing experience of my life”
price of ARVs were set by US markets — unreachably high
@ZackieAchmat and others founded the #TAC to fight pharma apartheid - and illegally imported generic drugs to save lives
“no difference in quality” between expensive patented drugs and generics
@jamie_love in Washington says no one seemed to see the problem… USAID Natsios’ racist comment about Africans and watches
“Where are the drugs? The drugs are where the disease is not. Where is the disease? The disease is where the drugs are not”
“[Big Pharma] would still make a profit at 5c” — even Bill Clinton agrees (now)
@ZackieAchmat announced that he would boycott ARVs until the SA govt would make them available for everyone
“If a few million white people would not have access to treatment, someone would have asked the question” — says @jamie_love
CIPLA was founded because India should be “self-reliant” for medicine - and Indira Gandhi rejected patents at the time
“NO #PATENTS ON LIFESAVING MEDECINES” (poster)
Yusuf Hamied’s extraordinary offer to the UN: drop patents on ARVs and save lives!— hyperprofitable pharma refused
Big Pharma lying on research, costs and just about everything
“those drugs from India”… in fact the US industry was already outsourcing to India
The “counterfeit drugs” argument in pharma is also a way to create FUD
“A dollar a day” — the @jamie_love / CIPLA deal got “clearly the magic number”
With generics finally in, governance became the main issue
“As a doctor it was my job to try and save my patients’ life” — Peter Mugyenyi, Kampala
Ah, the CIPRO story! Double standards to the max!
The Global Fund “was working with drug companies to limit access to drugs", then GW Bush went to invade Iraq & created PEPFAR
“Uncharacteristically the White House had not consulted with Big Pharma” :) didn’t last long!
“Higher price: fewer lives saved.” Generics made the prices plummet. The number of ppl on treatment exploded
What happens “for the next generation of drugs”? … future “genocide” in the making - “We need to do something!”
@jamie_love: “we don’t have to accept this future” “we can act”
“Help prevent a sequel!” — fight TRIPS+ and all the IP shit
@Paul_da_Silva merci pour #IPFuck
If the #TPP has not made you furious yet, here is a proposal to patent medical procedures - I would say that it is inhumane but, until you revolt against it, corporate crap like this shall be the logical thing for politicians to push:
▻http://www.citizen.org/documents/MEDICAL%20PROCEDURE%20PATENTS%20IN%20THE%20TPP.pdf #patents #medecine
Interview with Chris DiBona of Google | opensource.com
we’ve seen a growth in the number of people in companies working on #open_source, and I perceive a slight decline in open source participation in the academy, which I blame on the tech-transfer/bayh-dole patenting process being a real barrier to code licensing. Similarly, some open source coming out of universities and companies simply isn’t open source enough as there is a fair amount of side dealing going around on around #patents.
A startling proportion of today’s scientific papers can’t be replicated:
Good article, but it forgets the impact of patenting in encouraging the use of proprietary protocols that prevent reproduction of the experiments:
#science #research #patents
Vincent’s foray in folding chair design is one more proof that no one creates anything without being influenced by their environment. Think about it when considering how we should manage intellectual property.
▻http://vincentsanders.blogspot.fr/2013/10/if-i-have-style-i-am-not-aware-of-it.html #design #copyright #patents
’Tech’ Is Misnomer for Internet Giants | Business
The British humorist Douglas Adams once summed up the trajectory of computers and the internet in four teleological sentences: "First, we thought the PC was a calculator. Then we found out how to turn numbers into letters with ASCII—and we thought it was a typewriter. Then we discovered graphics, and we thought it was a television." Finally, observed Adams, "with the World Wide Web, we’ve realized it’s a brochure."
They aren’t about math and science and building things. They are about acquiring, processing, and selling information to steer consumers toward a purchase.
Of course, the computer is all these things today, and now with ubiquitous wireless networks, the computer has become the all-in-one mobile device. It’s the phone-camera-computer-walkman-TV-gameboy-GPS all in one.
Je découvre ces « teleological sentences » de D. Adams et je les trouve belles.
With one #algorithm Google’s Larry Page and Sergey Brin built an advertising giant the likes of which the world has never seen. The first step, in classic Silicon Valley tech form, was to patent the invention in order to create an extremely valuable monopoly. Patent No. 6,285,999, a “method for node ranking in a linked database,” did the trick. Stanford University owned the rights and licensed the invention to Page and Brin (who conveniently put the president of the university on their company’s board of directors). The terms of that license remain undisclosed, but it has #Google paying #Stanford a pretty penny. That single patented equation allowed Google to offer a search engine that provided, on average, search results that were of seemingly higher quality, and more relevant to users.
Then in a flurry of activity that has never stopped, Google’s code writers proceeded to file 228 distinct #patents based directly on the original “method for node ranking in a linked database” invention. On top of this, the company filed another 3,079 patents, the majority of which are intended to monopolize infinitely more clever means of gathering and processing the personal and social information of web users so as to sell ads at higher and higher rates.
So why do we call Google a “tech” company if most of what it does is advertising? (...) Perhaps then #Silicon_Valley ’s finest should be called the new ad industry?
Angry Over U.S. Surveillance, Tech Giants Bolster Defenses - By Claire Cain Miller
New York Times, 1er novembre 2013
companies are building technical fortresses intended to make the private information in which they trade inaccessible to the government and other suspected spies.
Yet even as they take measures against government collection of personal information, their business models rely on collecting that same data, largely to sell personalized ads. So no matter the steps they take, as long as they remain ad companies, they will be gathering a trove of information that will prove tempting to law enforcement and spies.
The New #Mobile Advertising Ecosystem Explained via @opironet que je remercie
Course aux brevets, prime au gâchis, par Dean Baker (#2012/08 en accès libre)
Victoire aigre-douce pour la société Samsung dans le conflit juridique qui l’oppose à Apple : la justice britannique a estimé que sa tablette ne plagiait pas celle de la marque à la pomme puisqu’elle n’était pas « aussi cool ». La guerre des #brevets se poursuivra néanmoins, absorbant des millions de dollars au prétexte de protéger l’#innovation. Mais n’existerait-il pas d’autres moyens de stimuler l’invention de choses utiles ?
The Novartis Decision: A Tale Of Developing Countries, IP, And The Role Of The Judiciary | Intellectual Property Watch
The worldwide attention received by the Indian SC ruling and its global implications could represent a turning point. For decades, scholars and students from all over the world spent a considerable time studying decisions by judicial authorities in industrialised countries, in particular those of the US Supreme Court. Several of these decisions marked the emergence of new trends and approaches to intellectual property that, in some cases, would be subsequently incorporated into international agreements and would also heavily influence intellectual property legislations in developing countries.
The Novartis decision might be spearheading a world where judicial decisions from countries such as China, India and Brazil have an increasing global reach and contribute to shaping global approaches to intellectual property. It is also more generally reflective of the growing assertiveness of developing countries, particularly emerging economies, in the current global intellectual property landscape. In the past two years, opposition from these countries was an important factor in the broader mobilization that led to the de facto demise of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA).
Starting today, the US has a ‘first to file’ patent system, so you can leave that prior art at the door - ▻http://thenextweb.com/insider/2013/03/16/starting-today-the-us-has-a-first-to-file-patent-system-so-you-can-leave
Count on large firms to allocate a yearly budget for obnoxiously filing anything they can think about, just in case they can milk that later. Small firms and individuals can’t do that, so this system is essentially a great way to entrench major firms as patent trolls.
... to sublicense the techniques to any user of VP8, whether the VP8 implementation is by Google or another entity; this means that users can develop independent implementations of VP8 and still enjoy coverage under the sublicenses.
The announcement goes on to make two more important statements. First, Google intends to submit VP8 to MPEG for standardization. This would be a profound change in direction, potentially steering future efforts away from the patent thicket and toward open ground. Second, Google intends to propose V P8 be selected as the “mandatory to implement” codec in the RTCWEB group at IETF that’s defining protocols to enable real-time communications in Web browsers: WebRTC.
If all this were to succeed, it would unlock immense opportunity for open source software and the open Web. Freed from constant rent-seeking by patent owners, open source developers would at last be free to innovate on audio and video applications of all kinds without constantly looking over their shoulders or asking permission to innovate.
À la réunion IETF d’Orlando, qui vient de se terminer, le groupe de travail RTCWEB était à la fois une des vedettes de la réunion (tout le monde en parlait, puisque les travaux de ce groupe pourraient secouer pas mal de positions établies), un des groupes les plus stakhanovistes (plusieurs réunions) et un des moins efficaces : ils ont fini par se séparer sans avoir pu décider d’un codec...
Cheap drugs a bitter pill for the West | Mail & Guardian
The Ugandan government faced an easy choice when it decided to start producing its own version of a key malaria treatment, rather than continuing to rely on expensive imports. Since the country began making its own medicine in 2007, Uganda has produced not only anti-malarials, but also antiretrovirals (ARVs) used to treat HIV. The public-private company, Quality Chemicals, plans to roll out more ARVs, anti-malarials and antibiotics in the coming months and years.
The venture, a shining example of African pharmaceutical manufacturing, was made possible in part because Uganda is considered a “least-developed country”. As such, it doesn’t yet have to respect international intellectual property laws (...)
But least-developed countries may be running out of time. They have until July to adopt the agreement’s measures into their own laws and a continued extension for pharmaceutical products until 2016.
Brevets logiciels en Europe
La présidence chypriote trouve que c’est le moment de forcer « un peu » la main au Parlement européen : il y tant d’autres préoccupations plus importantes... Et puis ces sales gamin-e-s doivent comprendre que ce qui compte c’est l’économie donc le business non ?
Unitary Patent: Council asks Parliament to sign its death certificate in patent law ===================================================================================
Brussels, 21 November 2012 — This monday, the Cypriot Presidency stated in parliament that they are “aware of concerns that the legislator can be deprived of their legislative competence”. In fact the new patent compromise is similar to the “a death certificate in patent law” for the European Parliament, says Benjamin Henrion, president of the FFII.
According to leaks published by PCinpact, the latest compromise seeks to remove the role of the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice from any power in the proposed patent system (articles 6-8).
Benjamin Henrion, president of FFII, warns: “The Council asks basically to the European Parliament to sign their death certificate in patent law. No part of the proposed system will be under the control of an elected legislator. This is a disaster for all the people that believes in the power of the European Parliament.”
All red lines imposed by the Parliament has been broken by the Council
the enhanced cooperation (art118), with reference to national law,
still does not create a title of the European Union;
the Parliament is deprived of its legislative competence in patent
the European Court of Justice is forbidden to have a say on patent
law, especially on substantive matters, such as software patents.
The Rapporteur and MEP Klaus-Heiner Lehne has been pushing the “death certificate” proposal to be voted for in the next Plenary at the 10th December, refusing any reopening of the discussions at committee level.
Cyprus press release: Unitary patent closer to the finishing line ▻http://www.cy2012.eu/index.php/en/news-categories/areas/competitiveness/press-release-unitary-patent-closer-to-the-finishing-line
PCInpact: Brevet unitaire européen : un compromis veut écarter l’Union européenne ►http://www.pcinpact.com/news/75393-brevet-unitaire-europeen-compromis-veut-ecarter-union-europeenne.htm
Max Planck Institut: The Unitary Patent Package: Twelve Reasons for Concern ▻http://www.ip.mpg.de/files/pdf2/MPI-IP_Twelve-Reasons_2012-10-17_final3.pdf
Permanent link to this press release ▻https://press.ffii.org/Press%20releases/Unitary%20Patent%3A%20Council%20asks%20Parliament%20to%20sign%20its%20de
The FFII is a not-for-profit association active in twenty European countries, dedicated to the development of information goods for the public benefit, based on copyright, free competition, open standards. More than 1000 members, 3,500 companies and 100,000 supporters have entrusted the FFII to act as their voice in public policy questions concerning exclusion rights (intellectual
property) in data processing.
The Case for Abolishing Patents (Yes, All of Them)
A closer look at the historical and international evidence suggests that while weak patent systems may mildly increase innovation with limited side-effects, strong patent systems retard innovation with many negative side-effects.
Samsung Wins a Patent Case Over Apple in Japan - NYTimes.com
While Apple prevailed over Samsung in the United States, [...] the two companies remain neck-and-neck in legal disputes in almost a dozen countries
Revealed : How Giant Patent Troll Intellectual Ventures Does Business
Intellectual Ventures has between 30,000 and 60,000 #patents. That’s a rough estimate. But even the low number makes Intellectual Ventures (IV) the 5th largest patent portfolio of any U.S. company, and 15th in the world. Nearly all of those patents originated elsewhere. IV does very little inventing of its own.
It uses more than 1,200 shell companies.
#Google Wants Huge Royalties Every Time #Apple Sells An #iPhone
#Bill #Gates backs climate scientists lobbying for large-scale #geoengineering | The Guardian
A small group of leading climate scientists, financially supported by billionaires including Bill Gates, are lobbying governments and international bodies to back experiments into manipulating the climate on a global scale to avoid catastrophic climate change.
The scientists, who advocate geoengineering methods such as spraying millions of tonnes of reflective particles of sulphur dioxide 30 miles above earth, argue that a “plan B” for climate change will be needed if the UN and politicians cannot agree to making the necessary cuts in greenhouse gases, and say the US government and others should pay for a major programme of international research.
“We will need to protect ourselves from vested interests [and] be sure that choices are not influenced by parties who might make significant amounts of money through a choice to modify climate, especially using proprietary intellectual property,” said Jane Long, director at large for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the US, in a paper delivered to a recent geoengineering conference on ethics.
Pressure to find a quick technological fix to climate change is growing
As well as Gates, other wealthy individuals including Sir Richard Branson, tar sands magnate Murray Edwards and the co-founder of Skype, Niklas Zennström, have funded a series of official reports into future use of the technology.
Analysis of the eight major national and international inquiries into geoengineering over the past three years shows that Keith and Caldeira, Rasch and Prof Granger Morgan the head of department of engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University where Keith works, have sat on seven panels, including one set up by the UN. Three other strong advocates of solar radiation geoengineering, including Rasch, have sat on national inquiries part-funded by Ficer.
“Regarding my own #patents, I have repeatedly stated that if any patent that I am on is ever used for the purposes of altering climate, then any proceeds that accrue to me for this use will be donated to nonprofit NGOs and charities. I have no expectation or interest in developing a personal revenue stream based upon the use of these patents for climate modification.”.
Linus Torvalds on Oracle-Google dispute
Swapnil: What is your opinion about the whole Oracle Google court battle over Android?
Linus: I don’t really know all that much about that and that is another example of lawsuits not being all that great. It seems to be completely bogus and it is kind of embarrassing. One of the defenses that Google was using was the posting by Jonathan Schwartz’s blog entry saying that he was so happy that Google is using their technology and then the fact that company, after being sold a few years later, turns around and sues Google for using their technology — that kind of tells you that "OK, there is something wrong going on”.
I don’t actually know the details. I mean Java I really don’t care about. What a horrible language. What a horrible VM. So, I am like whatever, you are barking about all this crap, go away. I don’t care.
Brazil Drafts An ’Anti-ACTA’ : A Civil Rights-Based Framework For The Internet | Techdirt
That’s no accident: #ACTA is the last-gasp attempt of the US and the EU to preserve their intellectual monopolies – #copyright and #patents, particularly drug patents – in a world where both are increasingly questioned.
Much of the challenge to the old order is coming from the BRICS group of emerging countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – none of which has been involved in ACTA. Of those, the one in the vanguard of adopting innovative approaches to making knowledge widely accessible in the Internet age is Brazil.
(...) here’s some positive news coming out of the country, in the shape of a draft of a bill for a civil rights-based framework for the #Internet:
dès qu’on a une bonne idée quelqu’un vous la pique, c’est pas juste !
the clone wars will get bloody.
One battleground will be #China. There, opaque rules have kept many American firms at bay, leaving the field open for Chinese ones to develop similar services. Diandian, for example, resembles Tumblr, an American blogging platform. Zhihu, a question-and-answer service, looks a bit like Quora, an American firm.
Another battleground will be #Germany, where three brothers, Alexander, Oliver and Marc Samwer, have become the copycat kings of Europe. The brothers have a knack for spotting good business models in Silicon Valley, and then quickly starting something similar in Europe. They later sell these “clones”, sometimes to the firms on which they were modelled.
Official #Google Blog : When patents attack Android
la guerre des #brevets dans la téléphonie mobile
They’re doing this by banding together to acquire Novell’s old patents (the “CPTN” group including Microsoft and Apple) and Nortel’s old patents (the “Rockstar” group including Microsoft and Apple), to make sure Google didn’t get them; seeking $15 licensing fees for every Android device; attempting to make it more expensive for phone manufacturers to license Android (which we provide free of charge) than Windows Phone 7; and even suing Barnes & Noble, HTC, Motorola, and Samsung. Patents were meant to encourage innovation, but lately they are being used as a weapon to stop it.
A smartphone might involve as many as 250,000 (largely questionable) patent claims, and our competitors want to impose a “tax” for these dubious patents (...)
This anti-competitive strategy is also escalating the cost of patents way beyond what they’re really worth. The winning $4.5 billion for Nortel’s patent portfolio was nearly five times larger than the pre-auction estimate of $1 billion. (...)
(...) We’re encouraged that the Department of Justice forced the group I mentioned earlier to license the former Novell patents on fair terms, and that it’s looking into whether Microsoft and Apple acquired the Nortel patents for anti-competitive means. We’re also looking at other ways to reduce the anti-competitive threats against Android by strengthening our own patent portfolio.
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