Enduring CSS: writing style sheets for rapidly changing, long-lived projects - Author and responsive web developer Ben Frain
Enduring CSS: writing style sheets for rapidly changing, long-lived projects - Author and responsive web developer Ben Frain
[ORGCon 2010] James Boyle : The Incredible Shrinking Public Domain
James Boyle, author of ‘Public Domain’, on why the public domain is so vital to art and society as a whole. What state is it in today, and what does the future hold ?
James Boyle is the William Neal Reynolds Professor of Law and co-founder of the Center for the Study of the Public Domain at Duke Law School.
la transcription et le soutitrage anglais sont dispo sur amara.org :
J’avais effectué une première traduction en français en partant des soutitres originaux, en gros achevé à 80%, il restait des expressions que je n’avais pas pu traduire. S’il y a des intéressés pour relire, améliorer ou travailler sur le soutitrage français ...
Amazon lance un appel par email à ses auteurs d’ebook pour qu’ils harcèlent Hachette ! Et ils ont le culot d’enrôler George Orwell (dont ils avaient déjà censuré 1984 pour une sombre histoire de droits d’auteurs)…
From: Kindle Direct Publishing <firstname.lastname@example.org>
8:55 AM (4 minutes ago)
Dear KDP Author,
Just ahead of World War II, there was a radical invention that shook the foundations of book publishing. It was the paperback book. This was a time when movie tickets cost 10 or 20 cents, and books cost $2.50. The new paperback cost 25 cents – it was ten times cheaper. Readers loved the paperback and millions of copies were sold in just the first year.
With it being so inexpensive and with so many more people able to afford to buy and read books, you would think the literary establishment of the day would have celebrated the invention of the paperback, yes? Nope. Instead, they dug in and circled the wagons. They believed low cost paperbacks would destroy literary culture and harm the industry (not to mention their own bank accounts). Many bookstores refused to stock them, and the early paperback publishers had to use unconventional methods of distribution – places like newsstands and drugstores. The famous author George Orwell came out publicly and said about the new paperback format, if “publishers had any sense, they would combine against them and suppress them.” Yes, George Orwell was suggesting collusion.
We will never give up our fight for reasonable e-book prices. We know making books more affordable is good for book culture. We’d like your help. Please email Hachette and copy us.
Hachette CEO, Michael Pietsch: Michael.Pietsch@hbgusa.com
Copy us at: email@example.com
Please consider including these points:
– We have noted your illegal collusion. Please stop working so hard to overcharge for ebooks. They can and should be less expensive.
– Lowering e-book prices will help – not hurt – the reading culture, just like paperbacks did.
– Stop using your authors as leverage and accept one of Amazon’s offers to take them out of the middle.
– Especially if you’re an author yourself: Remind them that authors are not united on this issue.
Thanks for your support.
The Amazon Books Team
Amazon lutte contre le méchant cartellisateur Orwell.
On trouve la citation sur le site de Penguin
Et une version longue comme énoncé de problème dans les annexes du manuel de Milton Friedman, Price Theory
avec la référence complète du texte
Review of Penguin Books, George Orwell, in New English Weekly, 5 mars 1936, repris dans The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell – Volume 1 : An Age Like This 1920–1940
Orwell estate hits back at Amazon’s corporate ’doublespeak’
Internet retailer accused of using tactics from Orwell’s 1984 in war of words with the publisher Hachette
Bill Hamilton, a literary agent at AM Heath and the executor of the Orwell estate, has now written to the New York Times to say that “Amazon is using George Orwell’s name in vain”.
“It quotes Orwell out of context as supporting a campaign to suppress paperbacks, to give specious authority to its campaign against publishers over ebook pricing; and having gotten as much capital as it can out of waving around Orwell’s name, Amazon then dismisses what was an ironic comment without engaging with Orwell’s own detailed arguments, which eloquently contradict Amazon’s,” wrote Hamilton in his letter, calling the move “about as close as one can get to the Ministry of Truth and its doublespeak: turning the facts inside out to get a piece of propaganda across”
Hamilton described himself as “both appalled and wryly amused” by the situation, and added: “It doesn’t say much for Amazon’s regard for truth, or its powers of literary understanding. Or perhaps Amazon just doesn’t care about the authors it is selling. If that’s the case, why should we listen to a word it says about the value of books?”
Le texte entier de la lettre se trouve ici : ▻http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/opinion/the-war-of-words-over-amazon.html
Geography and global order - The Hindu
A thesis that explains how the Cold War, origins of the UN and decolonisation were mutually implicated processes
Mapping the End of Empire by U.S. State Department historian Aiyaz Husain embodies a project that the author himself describes as ‘ambitious’. Aiming to offer a fresh perspective on the end of European colonialism and the attendant rebuilding of the global order at the end of World War II is ambitious indeed. And Husain’s core insight — that policy-framing and diplomacy in London and Washington were shaped as much by material factors as by the mental geographies of the East nurtured by strategists and academics — is so original as to run the risk of appearing eccentric. That hazard is avoided, though, as Husain adequately convinces the reader of the tenability of his thesis that in the post-war period ‘perceptions of geography’ came to shape Anglo-American foreign policy agendas, especially on the question of refugee settlement, drove organisational changes, and ultimately ‘congealed into international bodies like the U.N. Security Council’.
Journey of the Universe
Re-imagine the universe’s story and see the human connection to the cosmos in new ways. Author and evolutionary philosopher Brian Thomas Swimme shares his infectious curiosity about life’s biggest...
Displacement and dispossession through land grabbing in #Mozambique: the limits of international and national legal instruments
A debate exists regarding the limits of international law to influence state behaviour. Some attribute these limits to the inability of law to compel states to incorporate norms into domestic legal frameworks. Others maintain that even if institutionalised, the incapacity of states to put those norms into action is where the problem lies. In examining displacement and dispossession through land grabbing in Mozambique, the author investigates what limits the ability of international and national law to address displacement and dispossession. She argues that the limits of law to address displacement and dispossession are not due to a lack of institutionalising international good governance norms into domestic-level legal frameworks. Rather, the limits of law lie within the norm implementation process, wherein norms are conditioned by the local Mozambican governance context to serve domestic interests. As such, the other frequently cited reason of lack of state capacity is not to blame. The author explains the gap between law and practice by examining the role that a decentralised land governance structure has had upon shaping the norm implementation process. The evidence points to a state that devolves power over norm implementation to local actors, who frequently interpret them to their advantage. This co-option cannot be attributed to a lack of state capacity, as the material benefits the state accrues in the process point to a state that is disinterested in seeing the norms implemented and has devised decentralisation as a strategic governance strategy to accumulate these benefits.
Bad habits of ‘international speak’, by Talha Jalal
Ask Edward St. Aubyn, the author of the highly acclaimed Melrose novels, and he will tell you that words are a hindrance more than a means of expression: “In a way things were more perfect when you couldn’t describe anything ... Once you locked into language, all you could do was shuffle the greasy pack of a few thousand words that millions of people had used before.”
2012 Time for Change
“2012: Time for Change” presents an optimistic alternative to apocalyptic doom and gloom. Directed by Emmy Award nominee João Amorim, the film follows journalist Daniel Pinchbeck, author of the...
Les préfixes liés à internet
Companies could cause their stock prices to increase by simply adding an “e-” prefix to their name or a “.com” to the end, which one author called “prefix investing.”
The Palestinian Dilemma: PLO Policy after Lebanon Author(s): Rashid Khalidi
Source: Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Autumn, 1985), pp. 88-103 Published by: University of California Press on behalf of the Institute for Palestine Studies Stable URL: ▻http://www.jstor.org/stable/2536578 .
Alarm Over Istanbul’s Building Boom
We are invading Istanbul again,” the real estate agent said enthusiastically as she ticked off the selling points of Turkey’s most ambitious development extravaganza to date: Maslak 1453.
According to research by Mustafa Sonmez, author of numerous books on the Turkish economy, Mr. Erdogan has favored the construction and real estate sectors at the expense of important export sectors.
“It’s a shame,” said Mr. Sonmez, who calculates that construction spending is now about 9 percent of the overall economy, a level that the International Monetary Fund has found to be associated with problems in other countries. “We have used all this free money to build houses and feed the domestic market.”
To date, the local market had been remarkably resilient, overcoming a global rise in interest rates caused by last year’s “taper tantrum” surrounding the Federal Reserve’s decision to begin cutting back on stimulus, and the anti-government, anti-development street protests at Taksim Square here in Istanbul.
But in the first three months of the year, unit sales for new apartments were down about 60 percent compared to the same period last year, according to Emlak Konut, the country’s largest real estate investment company.
Moreover, Mr. Eren said, the inventory of unsold housing units has risen to 1.5 million, compared to levels close to zero several years ago, a clear sign that the slowing economy and higher interest rates are cutting into demand.
The potential for a real estate crash highlights the role of the relatively obscure Housing Development Administration, commonly known as Toki, in fueling the boom.
Traditionally a bureaucratic backwater with a mandate to push for more affordable homes, Toki emerged as a housing power center when its bylaws were changed in January 2004 to bring it under the direct control of Mr. Erdogan less than a year after he was elected. Under his sponsorship, Toki amassed choice properties at little or no cost, auctioned them off to developers and took a cut of the profits.
According to Mr. Sonmez, Toki has been particularly aggressive in backing high-end projects undertaken by developers with ties to Mr. Erdogan. They include Ali Agaoglu, the billionaire businessman behind Maslak 1453, who late last year was one of a number of business executives, bankers and politicians questioned by the police as part of a broad corruption investigation. Also questioned were two Toki board members.
Writers Feel an Amazon-Hachette Spat - NYTimes.com
Among Amazon’s tactics against Hachette, some of which it has been employing for months, are charging more for its books and suggesting that readers might enjoy instead a book from another author. If customers for some reason persist and buy a Hachette book anyway, #Amazon is saying it will take weeks to deliver it.
Why Everything You Think You Know about Jesus is Wrong | Interview with Author Reza Aslan
Abby Martin interviews Reza Aslan, historian and author of the best-selling book ’Zealot: the Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth’, discussing how he arrived at the conclusion that Jesus was a...
Austria’s Ahead-of-Its-Time Institute That Was Lost to Nazis - Facts So Romantic
In 1911, Popular Science Monthly published an enthusiastic description of a young, private experimental-biology institute in Vienna, lauding its “remarkable scientific productivity resulting from only eight years of research.”The author, zoologist Charles Lincoln Edwards, attributed the success of the Biologische Versuchsanstalt (Insitute of Experimental Biology) to its many advanced experimental devices. The institute, popularly known as the Vivarium, boasted a wide range of terrariums, which housed hundreds of organisms, from glow-worms to kangaroos, at strictly controlled temperatures, humidity, pressure, and light levels. That wasn’t always easy—the Vivarium had to adopt or invent many cutting-edge technologies, including an early air-conditioning system. It was “a pioneer in the use (...)
Patrick Seale, the eminent Middle East journalist, historian and scholar, has died in London at the age of 83. He wrote and broadcast on the Middle East for five decades and was the author (among other books) of a remarkable trilogy: The Struggle for Syria (1965), The Struggle for the Middle East (1988) on the Hafez al-Assad leadership, and The Struggle for Arab Independence (2010), a biography of Lebanon’s first post-Independence prime minister, Riad el-Solh. Seale was above all known for his intimate knowledge of #Syria. He wrote this article for Le Monde diplomatique in 2011, analysing the Assad dynasty and its likely response to Syria’s uprising as the violence took hold.
« Fatal aveuglement de la famille Al-Assad en Syrie »
There’s lots of documentation in the “#svn-#bisect” file. Author, usage,
screenshot, license, it’s all in there. Please run “perldoc svn-bisect” to
read it. If you don’t have a “perldoc” command, you can just open it in your
favorite pager or text editor, or maybe even your web browser. Or, if it has
been installed properly, you could try “svn-bisect help”.
The Worst Places To Get Stung By A Bee : Nostril, Lip, Penis – Phenomena : Not Exactly Rocket Science
He administered five stings a day, always between 9 and 10am, and always starting and ending with “test stings” on his forearm to calibrate the ratings. He kept this up for 38 days, stinging himself three times each on 25 different body parts. “Some locations required the use of a mirror and an erect posture during stinging (e.g., buttocks),” he wrote. If you are chuckling at the image of a man twisting around in front of a mirror to apply an agitated bee to his butt, I assure you that you are not alone.
The Schmidt Sting Pain Index rates the painfulness of 78 Hymenoptera species, using the honey bee as a reference point. However, the question of how sting painfulness varies depending on body location remains unanswered. This study rated the painfulness of honey bee stings over 25 body locations in one subject (the author). Pain was rated on a 1–10 scale, relative to an internal standard, the forearm. In the single subject, pain ratings were consistent over three repetitions. Sting location was a significant predictor of the pain rating in a linear model (p < 0.0001, DF = 25, 94, F = 27.4). The three least painful locations were the skull, middle toe tip, and upper arm (all scoring a 2.3). The three most painful locations were the nostril, upper lip, and penis shaft (9.0, 8.7, and 7.3, respectively). This study provides an index of how the painfulness of a honey bee sting varies depending on body location.
“Cornell University’s Human Research Protection Program does not have a policy regarding researcher self-experimentation, so this research was not subject to review from their offices. The methods do not conflict with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised in 1983. The author was the only person stung, was aware of all associated risks therein, gave his consent, and is aware that these results will be made public.”
Cities belong to those who create urban life, expert says
Renowned geographer and political economist David Harvey spoke in a crowded lecture hall at İstanbul’s Boğaziçi University on Thursday, giving a talk on “The Contradictions of Capitalist Urbanization,” which largely drew on the well-known author and professor’s forthcoming book, “Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism.”
Cycles of Hurt
How have generations of hurt affected our friendships today? Our author explores.
I’m kicking rocks down the train tracks, mad at myself and feeling terrible for having just yelled at my friend, who was balancing along the rail nearby. They are my best buddy and lover, and mostly we are really good to each other and work hard to break unhealthy dynamics in our lives. So what’s going on with me right now? Why did I just yell at them? And where does this scary, hopeless feeling come from? It worries me deeply that, despite all we try and how hard we work to break away from the unhealthy things we’ve learned from the media or our parents about what relationships are ‘supposed’ to be like, we somehow repeat these ugly cycles in our relationships.
Chris Hedges | Snowden Debate | Oxford Union
ABOUT CHRIS HEDGES: Christopher Lynn “Chris” Hedges is an American journalist specializing in American politics and society. Hedges is also known as the best-selling author of several books...
Violence Against Women - It’s a Men’s Issue
Jackson Katz, Phd, is an anti-sexist activist and expert on violence, media and masculinities. An author, filmmaker, educator and social theorist, Katz has worked in gender violence prevention...
Why do academics work so much ?
As I am writing this article, I should be writing something else: an email to an editor, an email to an author, a letter of recommendation, notes for tomorrow’s classes, comments on students’ papers, comments on manuscripts, an abstract for an upcoming conference, notes for one of the books I’m working on. I cannot remember the last time I ended a day having crossed everything off my to-do list.
Dark thoughts: why mental illness is on the rise in academia
University staff battling anxiety, poor work-life balance and isolation aren’t finding the support they need
Un prompt Git qui déchire • Git Attitude : formations #Git qualitatives et sympathiques
Cet article vise à vous aider à optimiser votre #prompt quand vous êtes dans vos dépôts Git.
Pretty, minimal and fast ZSH prompt
– Comes with the perfect prompt character. Author went through the whole Unicode range to find it.
– Shows git branch and whether it’s dirty using the fastest method available.
– Prompt character turns red if the last command didn’t exit with 0.
– Command execution time will be displayed if it exceeds the set threshold.
– Username and host is only displayed when in an SSH session.
– Shows the current path in the title and the current directory and command when a process is running.
– Can easily be used as a starting point for your own custom prompt.
Si ça peut aider (il y peut être des choses à y reprendre pour un codeur de prompt)...
Jewish muzzling of pro-BDS speakers only makes them stronger - West of Eden Israel News | Haaretz
By Chemi Shalev | Feb. 25, 2014
Critics, rivals and even outright enemies of Israel can take their shoes off. Relax. They don’ t need to exert themselves. They don’t have to launch recruitment drives. They don’t really require any infusion of funds. They can sit back and let self-professed Israel-defenders do their advertising and marketing work for them.
This, after all, is probably the most lingering effect of the ever-expanding onslaught against proponents of Boycott, Disinvestment (BDS), Israel-bashers, anti-Zionists and others of their ilk. By closing the door on BDS supporters - and, more importantly, by chucking them out after they’ve already gained entry - these self-anointed guardians of the gate are providing their enemies with the kind of free publicity, automatic sympathy and sexy allure that money just can’t buy.
Take Franz Kafka, for example. Were it not for Israel’s hyperactive and overzealous chaperones, no one but his most loyal fans would have known or cared that BDS champion Judith Butler had been invited to participate in a March 6 New York Jewish Museum discussion about the early-20th Century Prague-born author. Butler, after all, is a widely respected philosopher and literary theorist who is eminently qualified to speak about Kafka, while Israel, BDS and the future of Zionism were not supposed to be on the agenda for the March 6 event.
Nonetheless, an anti-Butler campaign was launched, a brouhaha ensued, angry letters were written, donors got annoyed and Butler was duly axed. “While her political views were not a factor in her participation, the debates about her politics have become a distraction making it impossible to present the conversation about Kafka as intended”, the museum said in a statement.
And what were the spoils of this big victory? The Jewish Museum was humiliated, those supposedly acting in Israel’s name were seen as intellectual-muzzling brutes, BDS received tons of exposure and free publicity it did nothing to deserve and Butler was cast as an heroic academic victim persecuted for sins she did not commit. The next time she comes to town, even for BDS, you can rest assured that her star power will be greater than ever – especially in the eyes of the young and impressionable.
It is the Book of Genesis, remember, that shows us the seductive taste of forbidden fruit, even in the Garden of Eden, while the Book of Proverbs extols the unbearable sweetness of stolen waters. Things that are considered boring and humdrum when they are conducted freely and out in the open turn alluring and enticing when they are prohibited or censured or hidden from view. Younger people are inevitably drawn to the values their elders eschew: maintaining the status quo is usually considered tedious as hell.
Jewish groups and organizations are under no obligation to invite anti-Israel speakers to their forums, but once they do so, they should stick to their guns. Succumbing to outside pressure casts their own management in a bad light, tarnishes the image of the pro-Israel community and puts a powerful spotlight on the very issues that their critics wish to suppress.
This was true last year, when a BDS debate at Brooklyn College that no one had heard of turned into a national cause celebre because of ill conceived, politically motivated attempts to shut it down. It was true last month, when the Jewish Community Center of Washington D.C. disinvited David Harris-Gershon, author of What Do You Buy the Children of the Terrorist Who Tried to Kill Your Wife? because he had once said something vaguely supportive of BDS.
And, in a prime example of zealous overreach and the slippery slope of stifling free speech, New York’s Museum of Jewish Heritage this week invited then disinvited then once again re-invited journalist/historian John Judis. What was his sin? He has written a new, revisionist history book about Harry Truman’s attitude towards Israel. You know who isn’t complaining about the kerfuffle? Judis’ bank manager and Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, who published his book.
The same dynamic is playing out in college campuses across the U.S., where the Hillel powers that be are trying to clamp down on rogue Hillel chapters that have chosen to invite BDS supporters to speak. Whatever the merits of a Hillel-wide policy of refraining from inviting BDS supporters – and there are such merits – this is a faceoff that the “establishment” can only lose, especially if it maintains its heavy-handed my way or the highway tactics: it comes across as authoritative and narrow-minded, the renegade Hillel chapters are viewed as daring and non-conformist and the entire Judeo-Israeli complex is seen as being too defensive and too weak to withstand a few rounds of healthy debate.
As the wily dwarf Tyrion Lannister says, in brutal Game of Thrones style, in George R. R. Martin’s A Clash of Kings: “When you tear out a man’s tongue, you are not proving him a liar, you’re only telling the world that you fear what he might say.”
The New Weapons of Mass Detection | Shoshana Zuboff’s Response to Martin Schulz
Shoshana Zuboff, author of The Summons: Our Fight for the Soul of an Information Civilization (Forthcoming, 2015), is the Charles Edward Wilson Professor of Business Administration (retired) at the Harvard Business School.
The challenge I see is that, thanks to Edward #Snowden, we know that the technology revolution has once again been hijacked by the dream of perfect control. It’s being used as a Trojan horse for a still poorly understood convergence of public and private institutions that wield unprecedented power over information. This new power bloc operates outside our control as citizens and consumers. I’m calling it the military-informational complex, because its power derives from the production and deployment of what I call new weapons of mass detection composed of information and the technical apparatus required for its access, analysis, and storage.
The military-information complex is a convergence of public and private expertise in the control and analysis of information camouflaged by a forest of excuses. The official story is that these growing powers are a necessary response to forces beyond control: technological requirements, digital proliferation, autonomous market dynamics, and security imperatives.
Rewind for a moment to 1961 and President Eisenhower’s farewell address to the American people. He had revised the speech many times over a two year period. In each draft he insisted on retaining a crucial passage, as if he was determined to send a message in a bottle to be discovered, read, and grasped by future generations. American society was under threat from a new “military-industrial complex,” he warned, and only “an alert and knowledgeable citizenry” could ensure that “security and liberty” would both prosper. Guardian readers will recognize the phrase “security and liberty” as the tag line on Glen Greenwald’s now immortal series. Greenwald found the bottle.
Five years later economist John Kenneth Galbraith, elaborated his concept of the “technostructure” in The New Industrial State. “Power,” he wrote, had “passed to...a new production function... men of diverse technical knowledge, experience or other talent, which modern industrial technology and planning require.” Galbraith’s book celebrated an industrial oligarchy at the heart of the military-industrial complex, enmeshed in state functions and protected by state power, insulated from public accountability, and innocent of responsibility. Why? Because it promoted itself as the inevitable expression of technology’s indisputable “requirements.” Galbraith had fallen under the spell of technological determinism.
«I’m all about demilitarization»
Demilitarization had been essential for what Harvard Law Professor Jonathan Zittrain calls the “generative” capabilities of the Internet –– the ways it lends itself to trust, interaction, invention, and creativity. Militarization is already having the opposite effect, as firms withdraw their data from cloud servers and governments explore new regulations and infrastructures that enable nation-specific privacy controls.
Of equal concern are the economic effects of information militarization. It suppresses the creative adaptation to human needs that is #capitalism’s greatest strength . In the annals of capitalism, the production of prosperity and well-being have depended on a steady flow of commercial “mutations” that better align business with the changing needs of people.
In at least two cases, at Google and Facebook, one of the plans discussed was to build separate secure portals...in some instances on company servers.” In some cases, the New York Times reported, tech company employees have national security clearance. In others, NSA agents installed their own software on company servers, and even hung out at the company for days or weeks of system monitoring.
Had Google and Facebook learned surveillance tactics from the NSA in the first place? Or was it the other way around? The identity of the military-informational complex was taking shape along with its assumptions, attitudes, interests, and perspectives. Armaments production was well underway.
That self-censorship is a life sentence to an endlessly repeating present. Nothing new can happen once we curb our thoughts.
Je parlais plus haut d’Oppenheimer. Il faut comprendre que les grandes inventions réalisées durant la Seconde guerre mondiale, le radar, la pénicilline, la bombe atomique, les microfilms, les servo-mécanismes... étaient portés par des scientifiques et des techniciens auxquels les militaires donnaient à la fois de l’argent et des objectifs mobilisateurs. Ces scientifiques n’étaient pas a priori des techniciens des armées. Peut-on imaginer Einstein ou Wiener sous un uniforme ? Les militaires avaient les objectifs, et les scientifiques les méthodes, notamment une dont on a encore du mal à mesurer l’importance, qui est l’interdisciplinarité. Mais comme toujours avec les militaires, les objectifs prennent le pas sur les acteurs. Même Eisenhower l’a souligné dans son « testament ».
Dans l’esprit de Brand, mais aussi des autres acteurs de la Silicon Valley, et cela dès les années cinquante, la technique et les méthodes scientifiques avaient une autonomie qui permettrait de les retourner contre les objectifs premiers des militaires et de leur appareil productif centralisé. C’était réellement une utopie, et encore une fois la surveillance généralisée exercée par la NSA vient nous le rappeler. Mais elle a joué son rôle, en produisant une forme de « démocratie technique », c’est-à-dire une méritocratie, dans laquelle les individus chercheurs ou informaticiens sont évalués en fonction de leurs apports et non des objectifs assignés. Que l’on regarde la teneur du culte de Steve Jobs au lendemain de son décès.