position:president

  • Poroshenko defends his peace plan
    http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/poroshenko-ukraine-stands-for-peace-and-this-is-not-news-365432.html

    Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko, in a Sept. 21 interview with major local television channels, defended his controversial peace plan that includes ceding control over large parts of Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region to Kremlin-backed separatists.

    I presented my peace plan yet when I was elected as president (in May) and that plan included amnesty and decentralization of power, which is why now I’m surprised to hear all these questions regarding why we’ve passed the laws regulating these issues,” Poroshenko said.
    (…)
    When asked to comment on the special status for the parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts which remain under the control of Russian combatants and their proxies, Poroshenko said: “There’s no special status for these regions in the law, but a special regime of self-governing.

    If they don’t want to have a Ukrainian flag on their public offices, they will not be forced to have them, president added.
    (…)
    Poroshenko also lamented that the Western media is prone to making money on Russia’s desire to publish anti-Ukrainian propaganda in globally read outlets. “The Washington Times had their cover totally devoted to an advertisement that was saying what is wrong in what Poroshenko does,” he said and showed a copy of the newspaper’s issue. “Moreover, the Washington Post published a story which was ordered (by Russians).

    When Oleg Panyuta, anchor for the weekly news program at Ukrayina television station, asked the president whether he’s able to find common language with Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, “who stands for the violent resolution of the conflict,” Poroshenko said: “The president, the Cabinet of Ministers and the Verkhovna Rada are unanimous in their peace effort.



  • Support For Ukraine’s Pro-War Parties Keeps Plunging - Business Insider
    http://www.businessinsider.com/support-for-ukraines-pro-war-parties-keeps-plunging-2014-9

    Polling of Ukrainian voters since the ceasefire in the civil war was negotiated on September 5 reveals that large, growing majorities of Ukrainians throughout the country are in favour of keeping to the ceasefire terms and stopping hostilities. The only political party Ukrainian voters say they support to do this is President Petro Poroshenko’s Solidarity bloc, an alliance with Vitaily Klitschko, Yury Lutsenko and Olga Bogomolets.

    Ukrainian politicians, including the current Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk and former prime minister Yulia Timoshenko, are losing support, the voters say, because they favour war in the Donbass, sanctions against Russia, and military intervention of NATO on Ukrainian territory. Yatseniuk and Timoshenko are leading blocs they are calling Patriots of Ukraine and Fatherland in the campaign for parliamentary seats to be decided on October 26. On current polling trends, their voters across the country will number less than 5%, the threshold for winning party seats in the new Verkhovna Rada.

    Also tested in last week’s polling are figures from western Ukraine, who have dominated the military and police ministries in Kiev until recently, and who are calling for NATO arms and US sanctions to fight Russia until President Vladimir Putin is toppled. They include Oleg Lyashko and his Radical Party; Oleg Tyagnibok’s Svoboda (“Freedom”), and Dmitry Yarosh’s Pravy Sektor (“Right Sector”).

    The new poll results show that voter support for them is evaporating since the ceasefire – in the case of Tyagnibok and Yarosh (Svoboda, Pravy Sektor) dwindling to single-digit numbers not larger than the pollster’s measure of statistical error. More than three-quarters of Ukrainian voters, including those who condemn the separatist movement in the Donbass, want a negotiated peace and end to war.

    http://static4.businessinsider.com/image/541ae0ee6da8117608bb3e12-519-569/poll_table.jpg
    la première colonne donne le pourcentage des répondants, la seconde en pourcentage des opinions exprimées (sans les sans-opinions et indécis)

    Rappel : il y a autour de 200 partis… la moitié des députés est élue au scrutin uninominal à un tour, l’autre à la proportionnelle, avec un seuil de 5% (des suffrages exprimés, je crois, mais n’arrive pas à en trouver confirmation)

    Évolution dans le temps
    http://static2.businessinsider.com/image/541ae12769beddd0672c5ca9-1021-634/twlo3cj.png
    Se reporter au tableau précédent pour la légende de l’image, les courbes des listes étant présentées par résultats décroissants.

    La dynamique actuelle est massivement pro-Porochenko. Son discours très belliciste de Washington est destiné à l’exportation : c’est ce que les « alliés » attendent de lui, mais va clairement à l’encontre de ses intérêts électoraux.

    Pour les circonscriptions locales et vu le système, difficile d’imaginer qu’il n’en sortent pas un bon nombre de potentats locaux ou leurs affidés plutôt représentatifs donc de la politique « à l’ancienne »…

    source : sondage SOCIS du 5 au 10 septembre
    http://www.socis.kiev.ua/ua/press/rezultaty-sotsiolohichnoho-doslidzhennja-ukrajina-na-starti-vyborchoji-ka

    • D’après vous, quelle est la façon acceptable de régler la situation dans le Donbas ?
      • 23,2% en reprenant le contrôle par des opérations militaires
      • 36,4% en accordant un statut spécial à la région du Donbas
      • 19,6% en considérant la région comme occupée et en attendant l’aide internationale pour la libérer de la Russie
      • 20,8% ne sait pas ou refus de répondre

      2800 répondants, mais pas dans les zones séparatistes.

      http://static2.businessinsider.com/image/541ae14feab8eaf4122c5ca4-480-360/socis_table.png

      Les colonnes de la table : de gauche à droite,
      Kiev, est, Donbas, ouest, centre, nord, sud et la dernière en jaune, ensemble de l’Ukraine (résultats ci-dessus)

    • Sondage précédent (23/08-02/09/14, auprès de 2040 répondants) par l’autre institut de sondage, KIIS
      http://www.kiis.com.ua/?lang=rus&cat=reports&id=391

      Opinions brutes
       21,5% Porochenko (Lutsenko, V. Klitschko, A. Pilgrim)
       7,6% Parti radical A. Liachko,
       5,6% Mouvement civique (Gritsenko)
       4,5% « Ukraine forte » (Tigipko)
       3,7% « Patriotes de l’Ukraine » (A. Iatseniouk, Turchynov)
       3,5% « Patrie » (I. Timochenko)
       2,7% Parti communiste d’Ukraine (P. Symonenko)
       2,5% Svoboda (« Liberté ») (O. Tyahnibok)
       2,2% Parti des régions (Efremov)
       1,7% Auto-défense (A. Sadoviy)
       1,0% « Secteur Droit » (D. Iaroch)
       1,3% autres partis
       2,3% suppression de tous les partis ?
       14,9% ont décidé de ne pas participer au vote,
       24,9% n’ont pas décidé pour qui voter.

      Part des opinions exprimées
       37,1% Porochenko (Lutsenko, V. Klitschko, A. Pilgrim)
       13,1% Parti radical A. Liachko,
       9,7% Mouvement civique (Gritsenko)
       7,8% « Ukraine forte » (Tigipko)
       6,4% « Patriotes de l’Ukraine » (A. Iatseniouk, Turchynov)
       6,1% « Patrie » (I. Timochenko)
       4,6% Parti communiste d’Ukraine (P. Symonenko)
       4,4% Svoboda (« Liberté ») (O. Tyahnibok)
       3,8% Parti des régions (Efremov)
       2,9% Auto-défense (A. Sadoviy)
       1,8% « Secteur Droit » (D. Iaroch)
       2,3% autres partis
       2,3% suppression de tous les partis ?


  • Ukrainian president delivers bellicose speech to the US Congress - World Socialist Web Site

    http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/09/19/ukra-s19.html

    Ukrainian president delivers bellicose speech to the US Congress
    By Niles Williamson
    19 September 2014

    Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko addressed a joint session of the United States Congress on Thursday morning, calling for increased military assistance from the United States to defeat the pro-Russian separatist movement in the east, and for closer trade relations with the West to limit the economic and political influence of Russia in the country.

    Poroshenko, a billionaire oligarch dubbed the Chocolate King for his wealth derived from the confectionery business, spoke as the representative of a thin layer of Ukrainian society that has enriched itself in the wake of the restoration of capitalism amidst the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Poroshenko is seeking to build closer economic and military ties with the United States, the European Union, and the other Western imperialist powers to the benefit of this corrupt layer of oligarchs.

    #ukraine


  • IT pioneer announces candidacy for parliament with holistic vision for army and economy
    http://www.kyivpost.com/content/politics/it-pioneer-announces-candidacy-for-parliament-with-holistic-vision-for-arm

    The prominent founder of a popular domain name registrar and website hosting company told the Kyiv Post he is running for a seat in parliament as an independent candidate. The information technology pioneer, Oleksandr Olshanskiy, didn’t specify in which of the 225 single-mandate races he would run. Initially, he said he expected to get elected under the UDAR party ticket led by Kyiv mayor and retired boxing champion Vitaliy Klitschko, according to a Sept. 11 interview with the Kyiv Post. 

    Olshanskiy’s announcement comes on the heels of other visible technology business professionals joining politics. Among them are the former head of Microsoft Ukraine Dmytro Shymkiv, who in July became the deputy head of President Petro Poroshenko’s administration, and Viktor Galasyuk, who recently became an economic adviser to Radical Party leader Oleh Lyashko after heading the Bionic Hill innovation park project.

    In addition to them, the CEO and founder of Ukrainian outsourcing software developer ELEKS, Oleksii Skrypnyk, together with entrepreneur and co-founder of Invisible CRM Vlad Voskresenskiy, are parliamentary candidates in Lviv mayor Andriy Sadoviy’s Samopomich party, holding the third and 24th positions on the list, respectively. Elections are scheduled for Oct. 26 with half the 450 seats being allocated to proportional party lists, and the other half in first-past-the-post single-mandate races.

    Après cette revue des candidats issus du monde de l’IT, dont D. Shymkiv, déjà vu ici http://seenthis.net/messages/290320, le journal passe au programme d’Olshanskiy (soit, Alexandre Olchansky) et c’est pas triste !

    Known for his libertarian ideas and outspoken statements regarding politics, especially on taxation issues and the right to bear arms, Olshanskiy expressed caution and flexibility in his plans for working as a lawmaker.

    I’m saying things that are not peculiar to me,” Olshanskiy said. “I’m a libertarian with a right-wing deviation, […] but the situation today is so thin that unity may prove more valuable than radicalism.

    He continued: “Although not being perfect, the president in my opinion has all necessary qualities to do something. And parliament now must help him. It does not mean we don’t need to control him, but we have to give him a chance to do something…Because the country really needs reforms.

    Encore un chaud partisan de l’armée suisse, du port d’armes…

    He wants to help the Ukrainian army adopt a similar structure to that of the Swiss army and on simplifying the tax code. “I don’t want to see the Ukrainian army similar to the Soviet Army. I’m for an army based on contract principles, but also for mandatory short period of military service and regular musters for all citizens,” Olshanskiy explained.
    Other measures he supports are to introduce a system of pre-draft training for the youth, as well as loosening gun control restrictions.

    … et bien sûr, un pourfendeur de l’impôt et de la régulation.

    As for economic reforms, Olshanskiy wants to “stop the war that the government fights against business for the past 23 years.” The IT businessman wants to start with making taxes in Ukraine more transparent by extending the existing simplified taxation scheme, which is now available for certain business activities.

    Staying true to his repeatedly declared values, Olshanskiy said that in the future he will also stand for abandoning the value-added tax altogether.

    VAT is the absolute evil for any economy, as is any implicit tax,” he added. “I think it needs to be canceled, and its propaganda has to be criminally prosecuted.

    Another measure Olshanskiy wants to introduce is a scheme that allows people and companies to pay their taxes directly to state-funded organizations.

    Let’s take the army as an example. If I buy them a tank, the army would give me a receipt for the amount I paid for it, and I would be able to reduce my taxes by this sum. It’s not charity, I’d just directly fund the state budget skipping the whole bureaucratic machine.

    In Olshanskiy’s opinion, this scheme can create a competitive alternative to the government apparatus.

    Pour conclure par un hymne aux entrepreneurs des nouvelles technologies et un coup de patte aux politiciens professionnels.

    These people [from the IT business] are self-reliant, they’ve already done many things — and will do more. Their way of thinking is similar to that of today’s volunteer battalions [in the war zone] — if I won’t do it, then who will? Do you think Shymkiv dreamed of working in the president’s administration? I assure you that a seat of the head of Microsoft Ukraine is way more comfortable. If you don’t go to the parliament to steal money, you have to understand that it’s hard work.

    Y a du boulot, en effet !


  • Ukrainian President Poroshenko will visit White House, Congress to seek more aid - The Washington Post
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/ukraine-president-poroshenko-visits-white-house-congress-in-aid-bid/2014/09/17/d8e0e0b5-1917-437d-89ea-88fe8e9e451b_story.html

    Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko will arrive in Washington on Thursday with a simple request: more economic and military aid for a nation that is reeling from an insurgency in the east.

    But amid concerns about Ukraine’s commitment to anti-corruption efforts and Western caution about escalating a military conflict with Russia, it remained far from clear that Ukraine’s leader would leave Washington with a substantial new pledge of support. The Ukrainian candy-magnate-turned-politician plans to talk with President Obama at the White House and will address a joint meeting of Congress.

    Après s’être adressé au parlement canadien hier, P. Porochenko rencontrera B. Obama et s’adressera au Congrès. À Ottawa, il a remporté de vifs applaudissements de la part des honorables parlementaires et peut-être (?) d’autres résultats plus concrets.

    With Poroshenko seeking more aid in Washington, some Ukrainians have questioned whether the country is ready to receive it, given long-running problems with corruption that have plagued Ukraine since it broke from the Soviet Union in 1991.

    Those concerns with corruption were a key focus of the winter pro-European protests in Kiev, but there are increasing worries that little has been done to combat it in the seven months since the pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovych was deposed as president.

    The slow pace of anti-corruption measures has frustrated some activists. Protesters burned tires in front of the Ukrainian parliament this week to demand that it pass legislation to strengthen scrutiny of officials who served under Ukraine’s previous leadership. A version of the measure eventually was approved after several cycles of votes.

    Other attempts at anti-corruption legislation have been rejected, and an ombudsman who was tasked with spearheading a fight against graft resigned in frustration in August.

    The general sense is that corruption is just as bad as before,” said Anders Aslund, an economist at the Peterson Institute for International Economics who has advised Ukrainian leaders on economic issues.

    La corruption en Ukraine ne fait guère de doute, avant, comme maintenant et, probablement après… La lutte contre la corruption est un thème plutôt consensuel, du moins dans les déclarations…, mais aussi un cheval de bataille de l’extrême droite.

    Certes, some activists. Protesters burned tires in front of the Ukrainian parliament this week to demand that it pass legislation to strengthen scrutiny et ont mis à la poubelle un député (triomphe médiatique dans les médias occidentaux). Il faut peut être préciser que le thème de la #lustration est actuellement LE grand thème de #Svoboda et que les « activistes » en question sont des membres de ce parti d’extrême droite.

    Cf. l’article du Kyiv Post sur cette manifestation, le 16 septembre

    http://www.kyivpost.com/media/images/2014/09/16/p191vjavec5371uncsrs1asn3r44/big.jpg
    Svoboda lawmaker Ihor Miroshnychenko (R) during a rally to support the lustration law in front of the parliament building in Kyiv on Sept. 16.
    © Volodymyr Petrov

    Ukrainians rally to support lustration law in parliament
    http://www.kyivpost.com/multimedia/photo/rally-to-support-the-lustration-law-in-front-of-the-parliament-building-in

    About 250 people under the Rada require a law on lustration in Kyiv, on Sept. 16. In front of the Verkhovna Rada activists held a picket demanding passage of the law. There were flags of Ukraine, flags with symbols of the Svoboda party, Right Sector and placards with slogans: “We demand lustration”.



  • Parliament votes to grant self-rule, amnesty to Donbas separatists
    http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/parliament-votes-to-grant-self-rule-amnesty-to-donbas-separatists-364826.h

    Ukraine’s parliament supported on Sept. 16 two draft laws filed by President Petro Poroshenko aimed at temporary settling the conflict in the country’s embattled east by granting special status to the territories occupied by separatists for three years and giving amnesty to some of the Kremlin-backed rebel fighters.
    Poroshenko personally came to parliament and addressed lawmakers to persuade them to vote for the laws in order to secure peace in the eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
    There is no more important task for us than peace now,” Poroshenko said in his address to lawmakers as was posted on his website on Sept. 15. “These are the key points that will insure it.
    Both laws were passed by a majority of lawmakers during a closed session of parliament and were immediately slammed by critics as massive concessions to Russia.

    C’est quand même assez hallucinant la vitesse à laquelle les choses peuvent bouger !

    Mais aussi, il n’est jamais trop tard pour bien faire...

    Evidemment, les va-t-en guerre ne seront pas contents.


  • ‘War’ and ‘peace’ factions split Ukraine politics - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/37164582-3ce1-11e4-871d-00144feabdc0.html?siteedition=intl

    Since the ceasefire, two camps have materialised – a “party of peace” around President Petro Poroshenko, and the “party of war” associated with Arseniy Yatseniuk, prime minister, and Yulia Tymoshenko, the former premier.
    The divisions may partly reflect competing ambitions ahead of the October 26 parliamentary poll, which is intended to sweep away remaining vestiges of the Yanukovich era.
    Some even suggest Mr Poroshenko and Mr Yatseniuk are in a calculated “good cop, bad cop” act. They may aim to signal to Mr Putin, who is facing deepening western sanctions and a potential backlash over Russian soldiers’ corpses returning from Ukraine, that he is better to deal with Mr Poroshenko than allow the “war” faction to gain ground.
    But the split became concrete last week after Mr Yatseniuk pulled out of talks to stand on the president’s party list in the elections. He unveiled his own “Popular Front” party, including commanders of some volunteer battalions in east Ukraine. These are composed partly of far-right activists who came to the fore when the winter protests turned violent.
    Speaking separately at a weekend conference in Kiev, the two leaders differed sharply in tone. Mr Poroshenko admitted the peace process had its doubters. “But from day to day, more people start to believe that we will be successful [on] this very difficult [path],” he said.
    Mr Yatseniuk said Ukraine could never trust a Russian president whose “goal is to take the entire Ukraine”.

    Intéressante analyse. Une des clés pour expliquer le report de l’application de l’accord d’association avec l’UE ?

    Sur les copains d’extrême-droite de Iatseniouk, voir la jolie brochette pointée hier http://seenthis.net/messages/293493


  • Against tyranny, obscurantism, and invasion
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/against-tyranny-obscurantism-and-invasion

    http://english.al-akhbar.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/4cols/leading_images/708227-01-08.jpg

    Iraqi President Faud Masum (L) listens while French President Francois Hollande speaks during the International Conference on Peace and Security in #Iraq at the Quai d’Orsay on September 15, 2014 in Paris, #France. World leaders are meeting about strategies to address the threat in the Mideast from #ISIS. (Photo: AFP-Brendan Smialowski) Iraqi President Faud Masum (L) listens while French President Francois Hollande speaks during the International Conference on Peace and Security in Iraq at the Quai d’Orsay on September 15, 2014 in Paris, France. World leaders are meeting about strategies to address the threat in the Mideast from ISIS. (Photo: AFP-Brendan Smialowski)

    Did the world suddenly change to believe that the #US, the (...)

    #Opinion #Articles #colonialism #Europe #Free_Syrian_Army #FSA #Hezbollah #IS #Lebanon #Saudi_Arabia #syria



  • Tough time to sell Ukraine president’s “mouthwatering” candy empire: Thomson Reuters Business News - MSN Money
    http://money.msn.com/business-news/article.aspx?feed=OBR&date=20140914&id=17930293

    A chance to buy the candy empire of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko is the kind of opportunity in a fast-growing market that would normally have multinational confectioners - like Nestle or Cadbury’s parent Mondelez - drooling at the prospect.

    But despite owning factories in four countries and making $1.2 billion in annual sales, Ukraine’s “chocolate king” may have a hard time finding a buyer for his company, now that its founder is the leader of a country at war.
    (…)
    Financial sources closely following the deal said that given the tense political situation, any sales process is likely going to be complicated because commercial or strategic logic won’t apply. Large international players are unlikely to table bids before the conflict is clearly over, they said.

    Roshen did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment. ICU could not be reached. Rothschild declined to comment beyond confirming that it had been hired.

    Roshen would be attractive to confectionary companies in the low-to-mid-market chocolate range who are keen on expanding in emerging markets and willing to navigate political interference.

    Mars, the world’s biggest chocolatier, is unlikely to be interested because it only markets its own brands. But in addition to Nestle and Mondelez, interested parties could include Korean firm Lotte which entered the region in 2010 with the purchase of Poland’s Wedel from Kraft Foods, and Turkish food manufacturer Ulker.


  • Obama Met Privately With Top Journalists Before ISIS War Speech
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/13/obama-journalists-isis-speech_n_5816494.html?1410651263

    NEW YORK –- President Barack Obama met with over a dozen prominent columnists and magazine writers Wednesday afternoon before calling for an escalation of the war against the Islamic State, or ISIS, in a primetime address that same night.

    The group, which met in the Roosevelt Room of the White House in an off-the-record session, included New York Times columnists #David_Brooks, #Tom_Friedman and #Frank_Bruni and editorial writer #Carol_Giacomo; The Washington Post’s #David_Ignatius, #Eugene_Robinson and #Ruth_Marcus; The New Yorker’s #Dexter_Filkins and #George_Packer; The Atlantic’s #Jeffrey_Goldberg and #Peter_Beinart; The New Republic’s #Julia_Ioffe; #Columbia_Journalism_School Dean #Steve_Coll; The Wall Street Journal’s #Jerry_Seib; and The Daily Beast’s #Michael_Tomasky, a source familiar with the meeting told The Huffington Post.

    National Security Advisor Susan Rice, Deputy National Security Advisor Ben Rhodes and White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough also attended the meeting, according to the source.

    • Off-the-Record Session With the President on ISIS Raises Concerns
      By MARGARET SULLIVAN SEPTEMBER 17, 2014 3:15 PMSeptember 17, 2014 4:03 pm 3 Comments
      http://publiceditor.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/09/17/off-the-record-session-with-the-president-on-isis-raises

      Tom English of Jackson Heights wrote, “to me, it really looks like the meeting was held to run talking/propaganda points by the media to see how best to sell the war.” Judith Abrams of Newton, Mass., asked, “how can I have confidence in the reporting in the Times when the government and the journalists appear to have such a symbiotic relationship?” And Eric Kodish, chairman of the bioethics department at the Cleveland Clinic, wondered about the ethics of using information from those who were not supposed to talk about what they had heard.

      (...)

      As I noted above, Mr. Obama didn’t invent these off-the-record sessions, not by a long shot. But such meetings shouldn’t be a substitute for allowing news reporters, on behalf of the public, to grill the president on the record – especially on a subject as weighty and important as impending military action. But increasingly, they seem to be just that. Readers are right to be troubled about the implications.


  • le Caire renoue avec le FMI après 4 ans d’interruption

    Egypt to ask IMF for first ‘Article IV’ consultations in 3 years

    Reuters
    http://english.alarabiya.net/en Saturday, 13 September 2014

    Egypt will ask the IMF for a long-delayed economic assessment in the hope of improving the country’s image before a February investment conference, the finance ministry said in a statement.
    The government said it wants the results published before the Egypt Economic Summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, a conference to boost investment in an economy battered by years of political turmoil and a lack of investor confidence.
    “ We hope that the (IMF) report comes in favour of Egypt and contributes to the return of foreign flows, either directly as investments in the real economy or indirectly by improving the stock market,” the finance ministry statement said.

    Egypt has not held Article IV consultations, where IMF experts assess a country’s financial and economic state of affairs, since March 2010, according to the IMF.
    The consultations scheduled for a year later were postponed after President Hosni Mubarak was overthrown in February 2011.
    Mubarak’s ouster and the political turmoil that followed it triggered a sharp decline in foreign investment and tourism revenues, hammering the country’s economy.
    The unemployment rate is 13.4 %, up from 9 % in 2010, and 60 % of youth are unemployed, the government said last week.

    Officials forecast economic growth at just 3.2 % in the fiscal year that began July 1, well below levels needed to create enough jobs for a rapidly growing population and ease widespread poverty.
    A successful investment conference might help the government push through reforms needed to reach agreement on a loan package with the International Monetary Fund.
    An IMF deal could then improve confidence among investors, who have been unnerved both by years of turmoil and by a host of other problems, ranging from costly energy subsidies to lack of transparency in economic management.
    Gulf states, which have been planning the conference since April, have taken a keen interest in seeing Egypt, the largest Arab state, get back on its feet.
    The UAE, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait have provided more than $12 billion in cash and petroleum products to prop up Egypt’s economy since the ouster of Islamist President Mohammad Mursi last year.
    They see Egypt as the front line in the battle against the Muslim Brotherhood, and want to see the current government of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi succeed after he toppled Mursi.
    The Brotherhood’s populist platform helped it triumph in post-Mubarak elections, but its political Islam puts the group directly at odds with the Gulf monarchies’ dynastic rule.
    Gulf countries also want to ensure aid and investment are spent efficiently in a country where past leaders with military backgrounds have often mismanaged the economy.


  • Perpetual War, and Shame, Is Our Policy
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/matthew-hoh/isis-iraq-perpetual-war_b_5801952.html

    Towards Iraq, the president offered familiar axioms about the necessity of a political resolution, but he gave no assurances that Sunni grievances would be addressed nor did he explain how the United States would force the government in Baghdad to make much needed concessions in order to achieve political order. Rather, the reality of what America has pledged to do in Iraq is to assist in Shia subjugation of the Sunnis by U.S. bombing of Sunni villages, towns and cities. The American military will also ensure the Kurds keep the oil fields they seized this summer in Northern Iraq, effectively strangling the Sunnis economically. In turn, the Sunnis, in existential desperation, will give full support to the Islamic State. How this does not bring Iraq back to the violence of 2006, or worse, I do not know.

    With regards to Syria, the president did not even attempt to make comments towards a political process to end the fighting and the killing. The United States will simply add more to Syria’s death and destruction. Yes, that is all; we will simply add more to it.

    #Etats-Unis #guerre_perpétuelle


  • Moscow kicks regional development out of ministry | Barentsobserver

    http://barentsobserver.com/en/politics/2014/09/moscow-kicks-regional-development-out-ministry-11-09

    Russian government management of High North developments, indigenous peoples and cross-border cooperation faces a reshuffle as President Putin abolishes the Ministry of Regional development.

    By
    Atle Staalesen
    September 11, 2014

    http://barentsobserver.com/sites/barentsobserver.com/files/styles/grid_8/public/main/articles/medvedev-government-government.ru_.jpg?itok=r5X9bECG

    There is no more need for the ministry, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev told Putin in a meeting this week. According to the cabinet leader, the recent establishment of specialized ministries for the Crimea, the Far East and the North Caucasus has made the Regional Development Ministry superfluous.

    With the abolishment of the ministry follows a scattering of ministry responsibilities. Among the ministry’s key areas of work has been issues related to social and economic development of federal subects and municipalities, the High North and the Arctic, as well as minorities and indigenous peoples. The ministry has also been responsible for Russia’s cross-border cooperation programmes with neighboring countries.

    #russie #arctique #nations_premières


    • CIA Agent: Come in please, I’m agent Johnson and this is agent Johnson. And you are?

      Syrian rebel: Mohamed Asa’ad.

      CIA Agent: Asa’ad? Like the president?

      Syrian rebel: No, no, in Arabic it’s different, it’s Asa’ad, not Assad.

      CIA Agent: It sounds the same to me.

      Syrian rebel: No, it’s Ayen, not A, say Ayen. Asa’ad.

      CIA Agent: Assad.

      Syrian rebel: No, you’re not doing it right. Asa’ad.

      CIA Agent: ok, never mind, I’ll call you Mohamed. Would you like a beer?

      Syrian rebel: No, thank you.

      CIA Agent: Is that for religious reasons?

      Syrian rebel: No, but it’s 9 in the morning and I have a long day ahead.

      CIA Agent: So you do drink beer?

      Syrian rebel: Beer, whiskey, vodka, whatever. Although I drive the tank so I have to watch my drinking.

      CIA Agent: What do you think of drugs Mr…er, Mohamed?

      Syrian rebel: I tried some marijuana at college but I didn’t inhale.

      CIA Agent: Is that for religious reasons?

      Syrian rebel: No, I got a little bit nauseous to be honest and didn’t want to look soft. Have you had any?

      CIA Agent: I’m the one asking questions. So are you a jihadi?

      Syrian rebel: Ha, clever one. You nearly tripped me up there.

      CIA Agent: So you are?!

      Syrian rebel: No, that was a joke. Do you people not get sarcasm?

      CIA Agent: We are trained to respect all cultures. It’s not something we do, but we will respect your right to be sarcastic. But please keep it to a minimum because it makes our job difficult.

      Syrian rebel: This is going to be harder than the mukhabrat interrogation.

      CIA Agent: What does that mean?

      Syrian rebel: Sarcasm again.

      CIA Agent: oh, I see. So I notice you have a beard, is that because you are a salafi?

      (...)

      CIA Agent: No, I don’t know him either. So would you shave your beard?

      Syrian rebel: I don’t know, would you grow a ponytail?

      CIA Agent: It’s against CIA regulations.

      Syrian rebel: Sarcasm, again. Sorry.


  • Obama’s speech on ISIS: Perpetual war in Iraq, Syria and beyond - World Socialist Web Site

    http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/09/12/pers-s12.html

    Obama’s speech on ISIS: Perpetual war in Iraq, Syria and beyond
    12 September 2014

    In his speech Wednesday night to the American people, President Obama presented a perspective of open-ended and unlimited military conflict throughout the Middle East and beyond.

    The threat of a terrorist group that few Americans could identify six months ago, Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS, also known as ISIL), is supposedly so great that it requires a major mobilization of US military and intelligence assets.

    “This counterterrorism campaign will be waged through a steady, relentless effort to take out ISIL wherever they exist,” Obama said, thereby declaring that there is no geographical limitation to the new US military intervention. Besides Iraq and Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are all potential arenas for battle.

    #états-unis #obama #irak #syrie #isis


  • Ukraine president says Russia moves most forces back across border | Reuters
    http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/09/10/uk-ukraine-crisis-poroshenko-russia-idUKKBN0H50OW20140910

    According to the latest information that I have received from our intelligence, 70 percent of Russian troops have been moved back across the border,” Poroshenko told a government meeting.

    This further strengthens our hope that the peace initiatives have good prospects.


  • Marine Le Pen: False messiah for the Jews of France
    There’s not common cause enough either for a shidduch between American conservatives and French nationalists.
    By Seth Lipsky | Sep. 9, 2014 | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.614808

    The new poll showing that Marine Le Pen would defeat Francois Hollande in a run-off election for president of France raises an ironic question. Is it conceivable that the daughter of a rightist demagogue who rose to prominence making remarks at the expense of the Jews, an agitator who called the Nazi gas chambers “a detail in the history of World War II,” could emerge, as Marine Le Pen says she will, as a protector of the last Jews of France?

    If there is a basis for the question it is that the National Front is the nemesis of France’s Arab immigrants, from whose ranks sprang the latest attacks on French Jews. This was underscored during the fighting in the Gaza Strip, when pro-Palestinian protesters attacked the synagogue on Rue de la Roquette. The demonstration of violence horrified at least some of the constituencies that are important to the National Front, I was told by the premier French reporter on the beat, Michel Gurfinkiel.

    This is showing up in two ways. One is that it at least partly contributes to Marine Le Pen’s growing strength. Another is that even within the Jewish community of France there is growing sympathy for the National Front. The numbers are still tiny — moving to 10% from 5%. But that’s a doubling of the number of French Jews inclining toward the National Front. And I’m told that Marine Le Pen’s key foreign policy aide, Aymeric Chauprade, who has a record as being pro-Arab and anti-American, is now saying that “Israel is not the enemy of France,” while radical Islam is.

    “During the last summer,” Gurfinkiel tells me, “the National Front has taken a much more pro-Israel line than it used to. The constituencies — these 30% to 35% of the people who do vote for the National Front — have been instinctively more supportive of Israel this time for two reasons: There has been a revulsion regarding the Islamic State and the feeling that Hamas and the Islamic State are the same thing; and those people likely to vote for the National Front have been shocked by the pro-Palestinian demonstrations.”

    Gurfinkiel and I mark that trend for its newsworthiness. But can one put much stock in it? My own reservations go back to a lunch I had a generation ago with Marine Le Pen’s father, Jean-Marie Le Pen. At the time I was based in Brussels and editing the editorial pages of the Wall Street Journal’s European edition. We were getting queries about whether Le Pen, then leading the National Front, could be an ideological partner for the Reaganite revolution, and I invited him to lunch.

    This took place in May 1986 at an elegant eatery near the Hotel La Madeleine. In my naiveté I nursed doubts about whether the rightist firebrand would be even welcome in the restaurant. But, as Le Pen’s car arrived, the restaurant’s entire staff formed a receiving line. It extended the length of the restaurant, and as Le Pan passed, they bowed. I witnessed that myself. Then we repaired to a private dining room, where, at a round table for four, we opened up all the questions, starting with immigration.

    The Wall Street Journal was — and still is — the most pro-immigration newspaper in America (and probably the world). The idea is that if one is for, as we were, the free movement of capital and the free movement of trade one also has to have the free movement of labor. This cut no mustard with Le Pen. His central point, I later wrote, was that he was in favor of France — the nation, its culture and its language.

    Le Pen insisted that immigration itself was not what bothered him, but the rejection by North African Arab immigrants of assimilation. He argued that it was not racist to want to preserve a national culture and identity. He said, as I later summarized his argument, that this should no less true of France, say, than Israel. He made his case in a cheerful, friendly way. It was the following year that he made his notorious remark about the Nazi gas chambers.

    Where our conversation found its dead end was economics. Le Pen, I wrote, may be an anticommunist, but he was not pursuing economic liberty. The idea of free movement of people, goods and capital, he just had no feel for it, and I doubt he would even accept it in principle. In the event, no common cause was ever made between American free market conservatives and Jean-Marie Le Pen, and if there’s sympathy among American conservatives even for Marine Le Pen’s National Front, I’ve been unable to detect it. A shidduch between American conservatives and the French nationalists, I suspect, will have to await a party that gives a central role to the principles of economic liberty as an engine of growth — and assimilation.


  • Palestinian Authority President Abbas to Qatari Emir Tamim: Meshaal is lying
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/palestinian-authority-president-abbas-qatari-emir-tamim-meshaal-l

    The emir said he understood where the president of the Palestinian Authority was coming from, adding, “You have provided information sourced from Israel, (then) it is definitely correct.” Moments later, Khaled Mehsaal and Hamas’s delegation enter the hall. Abbas’s contagious tension spreads to his “opponents.” Abbas then made a statement that he concluded thus, “You have carried out the coup in agreement with Dahlan, and to this moment, you still have ties with him.” At this point, Hamas leader Musa Abu Marzouk interjects and says, “You still believe this story?” Abu Mazen replies, “Don’t interrupt me; don’t provoke me Abu Omar.” The “provocations” and accusations then continue, until the emir decides to end the meeting until a later time when Abbas has calmed down.

    Al-Akhbar has obtained a copy of the minutes of the meeting, excerpts of which are published below.


  • Four NATO Allies Deny Ukraine Statement on Providing Arms - NYTimes.com
    http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2014/09/07/world/europe/07reuters-ukraine-crisis-nato-arms.html?ref=world&_r=0

    A senior aide to Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko said on Sunday that Kiev had agreed at the NATO summit in Wales on the provision of weapons and military advisers from five NATO member states, but four of the five swiftly denied any such deal had been reached.
    (…)
    At the NATO summit agreements were reached on the provision of military advisers and supplies of modern armaments from the United States, France, Italy, Poland and Norway,” Poroshenko aide Yuri Lytsenko said on his Facebook page.
    (…)
    A senior U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity, denied that the United States had made such a pledge. The official told Reuters, “No U.S. offer of lethal assistance has been made to Ukraine.”

    Asked about Lytsenko’s comments, defense ministry officials in Italy, Poland and Norway also denied plans to provide arms.

    In France, an aide at the Elysee palace declined to comment.

    L’article a fusionné l’annonce et le démenti.

    J’ai vu l’annonce sur Le Monde, mais elle a disparu.


  • Obama commits US to war against Russia in defense of Baltic states - World Socialist Web Site

    http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/09/08/pers-s08.html

    In a series of speeches and press conferences in connection with last week’s NATO summit in Wales, President Barack Obama publicly declared that the United States military will maintain a permanent presence in the Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, which border Russia. He vowed that US air and ground forces will remain poised forevermore to respond to claims of Russian aggression by the governments of these countries by attacking Moscow.

    In appearances in the Estonian capital of Tallinn and later in Wales, Obama announced a series of military moves against Russia by the United States and NATO as well as expanded economic sanctions and pledges to bolster the military forces of the former Soviet republics of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova. He made clear in addition that Washington will push for all three countries to join the US-dominated NATO military alliance.

    #pays_baltes #otan #états-unis #russie

    • Violant ainsi les accords faits en 1991 avec Gorbatchev ! Cela peut être compris comme une trahison supplémentaire, la première ayant été faite avec Khrouchtchev, voire une provocation.
      On appelle cela aussi de l’escalade !


  • Palestinian president’s speech interrupted in Cairo, journalists asked to leave

    At 1122 gmt, Palestine TV breaks from its regular programming to show a live feed from the Arab foreign minister meeting in Cairo. At 1124 PNA President Mahmud Abbas starts delivering a speech.

    He says he wishes to talk about three issues. The first is the “unjust” war in Gaza that lasted 51 days. The second issue is where the political process is going. The third issue is “the local and regional terrorism, that the Arab and Islamic nations are facing”.

    Regarding Gaza, he says “as you know, 29 March we decided to restore Palestinian national unity after we tried several times since 2007 after the coup in Gaza. These past attempts did not succeed. The most important of these attempts is the one that took place in the Saudi kingdom and the blessed Ka’abah when we went to carry out this reconciliation.”

    At this point a man approaches Abbas and passes him a note. Whispering can be heard on the microphones. Abbas asks “you mean, close it?”

    Another person takes the microphone and says “excuse me, I would like to ask the journalists to leave the hall. Guests and journalists should leave the hall”.

    The Palestine TV anchorwomen says the meeting will be closed for the media, and the channel resumes it regular programming.

    Source: Palestinian Satellite Channel TV, Ramallah, in Arabic 0000 gmt 7 Sep 14

    • Hamas to Abbas: Stop conducting dialogue through media
      http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=725846

      Speaking to a group of Egyptian journalists and scholars in Cairo on the first day of a three-day visit, Abbas said that the Palestinian Authority “would not accept the situation in Gaza to continue as it is now and in this shape.”
      Hamas to Abbas: Stop conducting dialogue through media

      “There are 27 undersecretaries of ministries who are running the Gaza Strip, and the national consensus government cannot do anything on the ground,” Abbas said, referring to the officials of the former Hamas government who continue to maintain power in Gaza despite an April agreement that led to a government of national reconciliation between PLO and Hamas.

      Abbas also spoke about the war in Gaza, claiming that only 50 of the fighters killed during the war were affiliated to Hamas, while 861 were affiliated to Fatah.


  • Tensions between Hamas and Fatah overshadow work of reconciliation government -
    Rivalry between Palestinian groups grows with mutual recriminations, perhaps fanned by recent poll showing huge popularity boost for Hamas.
    By Amira Hass | Sep. 6, 2014 |Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/.premium-1.614333

    The regular tension, hostility and suspicion between the two largest Palestinian factions, Hamas and Fatah, have resurfaced strongly again in recent days, despite declared intentions by both sides to maintain the reconciliation government of technocrats.

    Tensions ramped up even more Thursday as anonymous gunmen fired on Hassan Khreisheh, a member of Hamas’ Change and Reform faction in the legislative council – the Palestinian Parliament – and its second deputy speaker. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas was quick to announce an investigation into the attacks.

    Mutual accusations, reports on arrests and persecution of activists from the other faction, and fierce rhetoric are now serving as the chilling background music as the first postwar aid attempts get underway: Care for the wounded; distribution of emergency aid funds to the needy; talks on rebuilding Gaza; and creating the committees necessary for assessing the damage and long-term planning.

    The Fatah Central Committee accused Hamas this week of targeting and persecuting activists in the Gaza Strip during the fighting, and putting them under house arrest. It also claimed that Hamas government security personnel shot activists in the legs (the Hamas government has been officially dismantled, save for its Interior Ministry, which is responsible for security issues).

    A source in Gaza told Haaretz that some 300 individuals – not just Fatah activists – were targeted for daring to express opposition to Hamas, and were quieted by gunfire in attempts to deter and silence others. Fatah has not published the names of its members that were attacked.

    Palestinian human-rights field researchers have tried to obtain more information – names, dates and types of injuries – but their efforts have so far proved futile. One Fatah member from the West Bank told Haaretz that he knows for certain that the reports are true, from colleagues in Gaza, and that the movement apparently did not want word to get out during the fighting, to avoid harming public morale.

    During the fighting, the same Fatah member stated that his Fatah contacts in Gaza all expressed support for the armed struggle led by Hamas and Islamic Jihad, and even complained that Hamas did not allow them to join in the fighting.

    Fatah’s central committee also accused Hamas authorities in Gaza of confiscating donated materials coming in from the West Bank (clothing, mattresses, water, food, etc.) and distributing them alone. At least during the fighting, Hamas complained that aid distribution was not coordinated with high-ranking officials that were nominated during its single rule and are now officially part of the reconciliation government, but rather with Palestinian Authority officials who had been inactive during the seven years of Hamas government. Therefore, officials from the former Hamas Social Affairs Ministry took charge of the distribution of aid.

    Behind the mutual recriminations is both sides’ desire to monopolize the role of aid distributors and benefactors, though the accusations also reflect the political-bureaucratic difficulties facing the government of technocrats.

    Hamas spokespersons have repeatedly stated that the reconciliation government is responsible for rebuilding the Gaza Strip, and that it is dragging its feet. In response, government officials have complained that Hamas has not allowed four ministers – all Gaza residents – to fulfill their duties in accordance with their appointment and in coordination with Ramallah. Meanwhile, many in Gaza – not only Hamas supporters – are wondering why Abbas and Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah have not yet gone to Gaza.

    In recent weeks, Palestinian Authority security personnel have forcefully dispersed Hamas protests in Gaza, which have been marked by an abundance of green separatist flags. Over the last week, Palestinian security forces in the West Bank arrested 10 Hamas activists – some of them university students; broke into Islamists’ homes and offices, including the offices for the student movement associated with Hamas at Al-Quds University; and summoned another seven activists for questioning.

    Hamas has claimed this constitutes political persecution. A statement published on Wednesday read, “These arrests and attacks are done as part of Fatah and Palestinian Authority attempts to slander and distort the victory of the resistance [the armed factions] in the Gaza Strip, and an attempt to steal from it [the resistance] the fruits of victory.”

    There may be a connection between the heightened tensions and a poll released this week by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PCPSR), attesting to a drastic increase in public support for Hamas and its leaders.

    Based on interviews with 1,270 men and women, Fatah representatives and PA officials received the lowest ratings in the poll. Only 35 percent rated Hamdallah positively, with 39 percent positive for Abbas and 36 percent for the Palestinian Authority in general. On the other hand, 78 percent of respondents rated positively the performance of exiled Hamas leader Khaled Meshal, 88 percent rated Hamas positively, and 94 percent expressed satisfaction with Hamas’ military performance.

    If an election was held today, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh would be voted president, defeating both Abbas and imprisoned Fatah leader Marwan Barghouti, and Hamas would defeat Fatah in a parliamentary election. At the same time, a press release from PCPSR highlighted that previous wars also led to increases in support for Hamas that eventually returned to their preconflict levels.

    Most of the respondents – 72 percent – believe that the armed struggle in Gaza should be replicated in the West Bank in order to achieve statehood.

    According to the poll, the public is showing more support and optimism regarding the reconciliation government than it did during a similar poll in June about its chances of survival (69 percent today, as opposed to 26 percent then).

    Every day, the PA “Voice of Palestine” radio station devotes two hours to a program called “Bridges to Gaza.” Various experts are interviewed about the aftermath of the war, and they highlight the damage, destruction, loss of life and psychological damage, particularly among children, rather than victory.

    According to the poll, 79 percent of the Palestinian public believe that Hamas defeated Israel during the war, 3 percent believe that the victory was Israel’s, and 17 percent believe that both sides lost.

    The poll was conducted in the West Bank and Gaza, starting on the last day of the war, August 26, until August 30, when Hamas media outlets and Al Jazeera hailed the cease-fire agreements as victory. But even then, respondents’ answers about the cease-fire were more reserved: 63 percent believed the cease-fire was in line with Palestinian interests, and 34 percent believed the opposite. Fifty-nine percent of respondents stated that the balance between the agreement’s achievements and the loss of life and property in Gaza was reasonable, while 31 percent said it was not. At the same time, 86 percent would support renewed rocket fire on Israel if the blockade on Gaza is not lifted.

    It is difficult to reconcile this last response with reports coming from Gaza residents, especially as the heightened tension between the two factions in the Strip adds to the harsh prevailing mood there and increases fears of renewed warfare.