What Technologies Will Crowdfunding Create? - Technology Review
Makers are a breed of super-hobbyists who have been coalescing into a social movement around technologies like 3-D printing. Because of the availability of crowdfunding, their projects are becoming more ambitious, and some are turning into companies. One project called Ninja Blocks—the invention is a rubbery block of sensors that uploads reports to the Internet—raised $102,000 on Kickstarter, generating attention that allowed its creators pull in another $1 million from investors.
bars, bakeries, and technologies that are fun or solve social problems are likely to be popular categories.
Much of the money may flow to what are known as “user innovators”—people who invent products they need or want, initially for their own use. (...) A study by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation released in February estimated that 47 percent of startups pursuing innovative products had been created by people who fit this profile
"A lot of breakthroughs are created by product users, not in centralized R&D labs. And #crowdfunding will be a new way to pay for that
#Stuxnet Tricks Copied by Computer Criminals - Technology Review
Techniques used by government-backed malware are surfacing in the code used by ordinary cyber criminals.
(...) the techniques used in sophisticated, state-backed malware are trickling down to less-skilled programmers who target regular Web users and their online accounts or credit card details.
“Cybercriminals read the news as well,” says Roel Schouwenberg, a security researcher with Russian computer security company Kaspersky. Schouwenberg adds that sophisticated, state-sponsored “cyberweapons and targeted attacks now give us some insight into what will be coming into the mainstream.”
Facebook Considers Mobile Ads That Know What You’re Doing - Technology Review
“Maybe you’re walking past somewhere we know you’ll like and it tells you there’s a deal you can get,” says Bosworth. “Ads don’t have to be a distraction.” To illustrate the potential of using smartphones’ sensors, he suggests it would be plausible for a phone’s microphone to identify nearby sounds. If it recognized music playing or even a person humming a tune, for example, it could suggest relevant online content or media purchases, he says.
J’aime de plus en plus le monde qui se prépare...
The Curious Case of Internet Privacy - Technology Review
Free services in exchange for personal information. That’s the “privacy bargain” we all strike on the Web. It could be the worst deal ever.
Très bon article sur le débat apps vs. site Web, tiré de l’expérience d’un éditeur :
Personnellement, j’attends toujours un navigateur web qui « pré-charge » les pages pour que je puisse lire en déconnecté, comme je le fais avec l’excellente application Android de #Rue89. Le site Web, pour l’instant, n’est accessible qu’aux riches avec connexion 3G permanente.
Space over Time - Technology Review
Human exploration is the most visible use of spaceflight, but business and defense satellites fill the sky. By Mike Orcutt
The retirement of the space shuttles marks the end of NASA’s human spaceflight program, at least for now. But human missions funded by the U.S. government have represented only a small part of the action in space.
Of the 7,000 spacecraft that have been launched into orbit or beyond, more than half were defense satellites used for such purposes as communication, navigation, and imaging. (The Soviet Union sent up a huge number, partly because its satellites tended to be much shorter-lived than those from the United States.) In the 1970s, private companies began increasingly adding to the mix, launching satellites for telecommunications and broadcasting.
What It Takes to Power Google - Technology Review
Google uses 260 million watts continuously across the globe, the company reported on Wednesday. This is equivalent to the power used by all the homes in Richmond, Virginia, or Irvine, California (around 200,000 homes), and roughly a quarter of the output of a standard nuclear power plant.
On est quand même loin de faire bouillir une tasse de thé à chaque requête, comme annoncé par des Cassandres il y a quelques années.
J’ai commis un article sur l’énergie et l’internet dans le dernier numéro de Ecorev’ (http://ecorev.org)
Lessons From the #Gutenberg Bible for #Publishers Going #Digital - Technology Review
You’d think that the inventor of the printing press, which revolutionized all media after it, forever, would have reaped great riches from his invention, but that wasn’t the case. It turned out that everything else that went into creating a book — the paper, binding, transportation to book sellers, etc. — was so expensive that you might as well copy them by hand.
Gutenberg had solved the wrong problem.
What kept the early publishing industry afloat was something quite unexpected, from a modern perspective: the printing of Papal indulgences. That’s right: the birth of movable type was sheets of paper telling sinners they were absolved of their transgressions.
A Cloud over Ownership - Technology Review
When those belongings reside in Netflix’s video service, Amazon’s Kindle bookstore, or Apple’s coming iCloud service, they become impossible to misplace, and easier to organize and access than before. They also gain new powers over us, and slip free of powers we once held over them—powers that have shaped our thinking and behavior for centuries. One consequence is to give the companies that provide cloud services tremendous amounts of unchecked control over these possessions. In some cases, that control has already been abused.
The Cause Of Riots And The Price of Food - Technology Review
But what’s interesting about this analysis is that Lagi and co say that high food prices don’t necessarily trigger riots themselves, they simply create the conditions in which social unrest can flourish. “These observations are consistent with a hypothesis that high global food prices are a precipitating condition for social unrest,” say Lagi and co.
In other words, high food prices lead to a kind of tipping point when almost anything can trigger a riot, like a lighted match in a dry forest.
This is important to bear in mind, because rising food prices have historically been the trigger for political revolutions. The three
revolutions that made the modern world, in France, Russia, and China, all had their immediate origins in food shortages, fear of hunger, and disputes about food pricing.
The panic about bread that swept France in 1789, and the inability of the government to guarantee supplies, destroyed the ancien regime. Louis XVI was contemptuously called “le boulanger,” the baker. Wartime inflation destroyed stability in the Russian empire in 1917, as farmers, worried about the declining value of their money, hoarded their output and let the cities starve. The Bolsheviks came to power on a promise of bread (and peace). China, too, was paralyzed by inflation after the Second World War, leaving it vulnerable to food panics.
Food prices are usually not limited in their effects to one country alone. Simultaneous revolutions swept Europe in 1848, in the aftermath of crop failures whose most notorious manifestation was the Irish famine. Price rises have been a major trigger of the discontent this year in the Middle East and North Africa. Though the Egyptian and Tunisian economies were expanding quite satisfactorily, people had to pay much more for food.
le 5 juin 2011