From Britain to Beijing: how governments manipulate the internet | World news | The Guardian
Moscow has been accused of financing an “army of trolls” to post pro-Russian opinions across the internet, The Kremlin, however, is not the only government intent on using the web to promote a particular point of view. Here is what some of the others are doing:
In files leaked by Edward Snowden last year, GCHQ was shown to have developed tools to influence online debates, change the outcome of polls, “amplify” sanctioned messages on YouTube and send spoof emails from registered accounts.
Ukraine also employs internet manipulation as a tactic, albeit a little more publicly.
In December 2014 the information ministry was launched to counter Russian propaganda, and it was quickly dubbed the “ministry of truth” by those making allusions to its Orwellian nature.
In the run up to India’s 2014 elections, both the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) and the Congress party were were accused of hiring “political trolls” to talk favourably about them on blogs and social media.
The Chinese government is also believed to run an army of netizens to reinforce favourable opinion towards it and the Communist Party of China (CCP), dubbed the “50-cent army” in reference to how much they are said to paid.
The human rights watchdog Freedom House described the effort as “a comprehensive CCP policy, accompanied by a vast system of trainings and rewards.”
Noooon !? Y a pas qu’en Russie ou en Chine qu’il y a des élevages de trolls ?