odilon

artiste aux mains pleines de doigts - visionscarto.net

  • Marée noire de 2002 : la justice espagnole ouvre la voie à une indemnisation - Yahoo Actualités France
    https://fr.news.yahoo.com/mar%C3%A9e-noire-2002-justice-espagnole-ouvre-voie-%C3%A0-165519816.h

    Treize ans après la marée noire du Prestige, le capitaine grec du pétrolier a été définitivement condamné mardi à deux ans de prison par la justice espagnole, qui a déclaré civilement responsables le propriétaire libérien et l’assureur britannique du bateau.

    En désignant pour la première fois des responsables civils pour cette catastrophe, la Cour suprême ouvre la voie à une indemnisation des parties lésées par cette catastrophe, l’une des plus graves ayant touché l’environnement en Europe.

    Les dédommagements, concernant essentiellement la France, le Portugal et surtout l’Espagne, pourraient se chiffrer en milliards.

    ...

    Pour la première fois, la plus haute instance judiciaire espagnole a cependant déclaré « la responsabilité civile directe » de l’assureur britannique du bateau, The London P&I Club, « à hauteur d’un milliard de dollars », soit le plafond qui figurait dans le contrat d’assurance.

    Et elle a pointé la « responsabilité subsidiaire » du propriétaire libérien du pétrolier, Mare Shipping Inc., « qui connaissait l’état réel » du pétrolier.

    #marée_noire #pollution #responsabilités #assurances #justice

    • Any Port in a Storm ? - gCaptain
      https://gcaptain.com/any-port-in-a-storm

      Readers may recall that gCaptain recently posted new information on the Prestige disaster aftermath.  In a shameful political episode this past spring, the Spanish Supreme Court overturned a lower court decision absolving Capt. Mangouras of any wrong doing or action in the Prestige disaster. After repeatedly being refused any chance of saving his vessel by multiple countries and staying on his vessel with the Chief Engineer until literally just before she broke in two, the Prestige’s Master, Capt. Mangouras was thrown in prison by the Spanish Supreme Court.  Having acted in the finest traditions of the sea, under extraordinary conditions and tremendous pressure, Capt. Mangouras has been used as a scape goat by the highest court in one of the great sea-going nations of the world. In his eight decade of life he languishes, serving out a two-year sentence.  The message is loud and clear to every professional mariner around the world, it seems we do not matter. The irony? We are likely be the first and last chance of staving off any disasters… given just half of a half of a chance.

      et juste avant…

      The world still has no mandatory operational guidelines on #Ports_of_Refuge, but this was a big step forward none the less as there was virtually nothing in place prior to this. It may seem incredible to the reader that we cannot come to agreement internationally on something as basic as offering “refuge” to vessels in distress, given the alternative is possible environmental catastrophe.

    • Le document de l’UE (novembre 2015)
      Places of Refuge —EU Operational Guidelines
      v.3 final, 13 November 2015

      #port_de_refuge
      http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/digital-services/doc/por-operational-guidelines.pdf

      4.2. Formal Request for a Place of Refuge
      […]
      As a matter of principle, while each state involved in the operation should examine their ability to provide a place of refuge, the final decision on granting a place of refuge is solely the responsibility of the Member State concerned. However, each State should share any information relative to the potential places of refuge they are examining with the other States involved.

      4.3. Member States’ Plans for allocating a Place of Refuge
      To help the efficient management of a PoR request involving more than one state, as the situation may demand or upon request, Member States share the methodology and the relevant parts of their national plan with their neighbouring states.