.:Middle East Online:: :.
The Middle East, largely defined by Britain and France, the victors of the first world war, is falling apart as the region is consumed by unrivalled conflicts and political upheaval. It is splintering along religious and tribal lines — the very ones that the colonial powers failed to recognise — in large part a consequence of the calamitous Anglo-American invasion of Iraq in March 2003.
“We’re seeing the centrifugal forces of tribal or religious or ethnically divided societies coming apart because the old guard has lost influence and credibility due to the passage of time, grass-roots forces empowered by new technologies and the deep frustrations and disengagement of outside powers,” explained David Rothkopf, editor-at-large of the journal Foreign Policy.
Syria lies at the apex of this disintegration, splintered by a 7-year-old war that has come to involve the entire region along with the United States, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
The country that was once an Arab powerhouse is likely to fragment into at least three sect-based entities: Iran-backed minority Shias on the north-eastern border with Shia-dominated Iraq along with a minority Alawite statelet and a majority Sunni region. It is possible there would also be self-ruling Kurdish and Druze enclaves.
The breakup of Syria is widely seen to be inevitable because most people refuse to be ruled by the harsh, Alawite-dominated regime under the Assad dynasty, which since 1971 had become a dynastic republic through a smothering network of institutionalised corruption, fear and terror.
The region has never been stable since the Ottomans were crushed in world war one after ruling the region for some 400 years. The subsequent collapse of their empire and the artificial division of Arab lands between the wartime victors Britain and France doomed the region to decades of death and destruction.
Un festival que je me suis permis de grasser par endroit tellement c’est magnifique ! Même BHL n’arriverait pas à faire aussi bien.