• Vaex: Out of Core Dataframes for Python and Fast Visualization
    https://towardsdatascience.com/vaex-out-of-core-dataframes-for-python-and-fast-visualization-12

    Wouldn’t it be great if you could load a 1 TB data file instantly.

    All this is possible with memory mapping, which is a technique where you tell the operating system that you want a piece of memory to be in sync with the content on disk. It is technically quite similar to a swap disk. If a piece of memory isn’t modified, or not used for a while, the kernel will discard it so that RAM can be reused.

    #python #pandas dépassé par #vaex? @lazuly



  • Comixify
    https://comixify.ii.pw.edu.pl

    In our project, we present a Web-based working solution for video comixification - a task of converting a video into a comics. We split this task into two separate problems: (a) frame extraction and (b) style transfer.

    (le site le plus naze qui soit, pour un outil bluffant)



  • The Cost of Non-Europe in Asylum Policy

    Current structural weaknesses and shortcomings in the design and implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) have a cost of EUR 50.5 billion per year, including costs due to irregular migration, lack of accountability in external action, inefficiencies in asylum procedures, poor living conditions and health, and dimmer employment prospects leading to lower generation of tax revenue. Seven policy options for the EU to tackle the identified gaps and barriers would bring about many benefits including better compliance with international and EU norms and values, lower levels of irregular migration to the EU and costs of border security and surveillance, increased effectiveness and efficiency of the asylum process, faster socio-economic integration of asylum-seekers, increased employment and tax revenues and reinforced protection of human rights in countries of return. Once, considered the costs, the net benefits of these policy options would be at least EUR 23.5 billion per year.

    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_STU(2018)627117
    #rapport #externalisation #contrôles_frontaliers #droits_humains #Dublin #Règlement_Dublin

    Ici une estimation des coûts liés à la perte de vies en Méditerranée :

    “To estimate the loss of life, we considered a hypothetical scenario where the asylum-seekers who died managed to survive and subsequently applied for asylum in the EU. A share of these asylum-seekers would receive a positive decision on their asylum application and could remain in the EU. The remainder would receive a negative decision and be ordered to leave the EU. We applied a VSL to each of these two groups drawing from a base value of USD 9.6 million (Viscusi and Masterman, 2017)153. Through this approach we estimated the loss of life to be 15 billion in 2016 and 9 billion in 2017.”

    #mourir_en_mer #coût #estimation #asile #migrations #réfugiés #décès #Méditerranée #économie #politique_migratoire #politiques_restrictives #prix

    En fait, il faudrait le lire dans les détails ce rapport...

    ping @reka @fil


  • Un « principe d’innovation » porté par l’industrie chimique pourrait entrer dans le droit européen
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2018/12/10/un-principe-d-innovation-porte-par-l-industrie-chimique-pourrait-entrer-dans

    Instaurer un « principe d’innovation ». L’idée sonne comme une belle promesse, innocente comme le bon sens. Elle pourrait pourtant gravement saper la protection de l’environnement et de la santé publique. Car ce concept qui s’apprête à faire une entrée officielle dans la législation européenne n’a pas été élaboré par des responsables publics. Il a été imaginé par des industriels soumis à des réglementations très strictes : tabac, pesticides, substances chimiques ou pétrole.

    Ce « #principe_d’innovation » figure en effet en préambule du texte établissant le prochain programme de recherche de l’UE qui distribuera près de 100 milliards d’euros en six ans. Appelé « Horizon Europe », il doit être discuté et mis au vote mercredi 12 décembre au Parlement européen en séance plénière. Que dit ce « principe » ? En des termes très généraux, que « l’impact sur l’#innovation devrait être pleinement évalué et pris en compte » à l’occasion de chaque initiative législative.

    « Aucune personne sensée ne pourrait s’y opposer. C’est le génie de cette opération de lobbying », décrypte Kathleen Garnett, une chercheuse indépendante, coauteure d’un article sur le sujet dans une revue académique de droit. Mais ce que ce concept, flou et consensuel en apparence, cible en réalité, explique-t-elle, ce sont les réglementations environnementales de l’UE, et en particulier celles qui encadrent l’usage des produits chimiques – comme le règlement Reach –, des #pesticides, des #OGM ou encore des nano et biotechnologies. Intégré à la loi, le « principe d’innovation » permettrait de faire contrepoids à ce que ces industriels estiment être un obstacle majeur à leurs affaires : le principe de précaution.

    et #paywall

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17579961.2018.1455023?journalCode=rlit20

    • Un « principe d’innovation » porté par l’industrie chimique pourrait entrer dans le droit européen

      En apparence anodin, le concept a été imaginé pour neutraliser le principe de précaution par un think tank issu de la pétrochimie et du tabac.

      Instaurer un « principe d’innovation ». L’idée sonne comme une belle promesse, innocente comme le bon sens. Elle pourrait pourtant gravement saper la protection de l’environnement et de la santé publique. Car ce concept qui s’apprête à faire une entrée officielle dans la législation européenne n’a pas été élaboré par des responsables publics. Il a été imaginé par des industriels soumis à des réglementations très strictes : tabac, pesticides, substances chimiques ou pétrole.

      Ce « principe d’innovation » figure en effet en préambule du texte établissant le prochain programme de recherche de l’UE qui distribuera près de 100 milliards d’euros en six ans. Appelé « Horizon Europe », il doit être discuté et mis au vote mercredi 12 décembre au Parlement européen en séance plénière. Que dit ce « principe » ? En des termes très généraux, que « l’impact sur l’innovation devrait être pleinement évalué et pris en compte » à l’occasion de chaque initiative législative.

      « Aucune personne sensée ne pourrait s’y opposer. C’est le génie de cette opération de lobbying », décrypte Kathleen Garnett, une chercheuse indépendante, coauteure d’un article sur le sujet dans une revue académique de droit. Mais ce que ce concept, flou et consensuel en apparence, cible en réalité, explique-t-elle, ce sont les réglementations environnementales de l’UE, et en particulier celles qui encadrent l’usage des produits chimiques – comme le règlement Reach –, des pesticides, des OGM ou encore des nano et biotechnologies. Intégré à la loi, le « principe d’innovation » permettrait de faire contrepoids à ce que ces industriels estiment être un obstacle majeur à leurs affaires : le principe de précaution.
      « Porte dérobée »

      Pour Geert Van Calster, professeur de droit à l’Université de Louvain (Belgique) et coauteur de l’article, « il est tout simplement extraordinaire de voir les institutions européennes se faire complètement avoir par un lobby de l’industrie pour introduire cela dans le droit communautaire ». A ce jour, ce « principe d’innovation » n’est rien qu’un slogan de lobbying : contrairement au principe de précaution, inscrit, lui, dans les traités européens, il n’a aucune existence légale. Or son entrée dans un texte officiel « par une porte dérobée » le « légitimerait ». « Et c’est là le véritable danger : si, en tant que fait accompli, il acquiert le statut de principe, il sera alors très difficile de revenir en arrière », déplore M. Van Calster.

      Le « cerveau » de cet outil d’influence est un think tank bruxellois au fonctionnement opaque, l’European Risk Forum. Créé en 1996 par British American Tobacco (Lucky Strike, Dunhill…), il avait pour objectif initial d’entraver la mise en place de l’interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics, en intervenant sur la conception des politiques de gestion des risques par l’UE. La science documentait alors la nocivité du tabagisme passif. En 2010, le minutieux travail d’enquête d’une équipe de politologues de l’université de Bath (Grande-Bretagne) avait montré comment le cigarettier s’était entouré d’autres industriels, alliés naturels dans la vente de produits dangereux, en particulier le secteur chimique.

      Article réservé à nos abonnés Lire aussi Comment le lobby des implants médicaux a fait plier la Commission européenne
      Au début de l’année, le Risk Forum comptait une vingtaine de membres, comme le numéro un mondial de la chimie, BASF, Bayer (qui vient de racheter Monsanto), le fabricant de détergents Henkel, Philip Morris ou encore les organisations de lobbying des secteurs des énergies fossiles et du plastique. A ses membres, le Forum propose de « contribuer à l’élaboration des règles et procédures utilisées par les institutions de l’UE pour déterminer comment les décisions réglementaires sont prises », en ciblant « les leaders d’opinion et les décideurs » au sein des institutions, ainsi que l’indique son site.

      « Aversion au risque »

      L’histoire publique du « principe d’innovation » a commencé en octobre 2013, quand, à l’initiative du Risk Forum, une vingtaine de PDG de grandes firmes adressaient une lettre aux présidents de la Commission, du Parlement et du Conseil européen. Bruxelles était alors le théâtre d’une offensive de grande ampleur menée par les lobbys des pesticides et de la chimie contre la réglementation des perturbateurs endocriniens. Offensive à laquelle le think tank avait participé.
      Dans ses rapports et livrets publiés au fil des années, les mots du Risk Forum ne trompent pas. Il s’agit bien de systématiquement « soumettre le principe de précaution à une étude d’impact », expliquait-il en 2011. La manière de procéder en Europe actuellement, précisait-il quatre ans plus tard, est « empreinte d’une aversion au risque » et aurait empêché le développement de « la locomotives à vapeur, du four à micro-ondes, du téléphone mobile et de la radiographie ».
      Depuis 2013, le Risk Forum a multiplié les actions de lobbying pour imposer son idée dans les cercles du pouvoir européen. C’est ce que montre un rapport de recherche publié lundi 10 décembre par l’ONG Corporate Europe Observatory. Par le biais d’une demande d’accès aux documents administratifs à la Commission, cette ONG spécialisée dans la surveillance du lobbying à Bruxelles s’est procuré de nombreux documents que Le Monde a pu consulter. « Cet exemple montre bien de quelle manière les intérêts des firmes essaient de capturer les processus de décision européens, analyse Nina Holland, auteure de ce travail. Il fait ressortir un niveau exceptionnel d’accès privilégié » auprès des décideurs.

      « Evangéliste de l’innovation bien encadrée »

      Les courriels et notes internes ont permis à la chercheuse-militante de retracer précisément le parcours du « principe » : essentiellement des rendez-vous et interactions avec les hauts fonctionnaires de plusieurs directions générales (DG) de la Commission (recherche, industrie et santé). En juin 2015, la démarche était soutenue par Carlos Moedas, le commissaire à la recherche, et en février 2017 une « Task Force » dédiée était créée au sein de la DG recherche. Le Risk Forum a également ciblé les Etats membres ayant assumé la présidence de l’UE comme Malte, la Bulgarie ou les Pays-Bas. En janvier 2016, la présidence néerlandaise a même coorganisé une conférence sur le sujet avec le Risk Forum et les deux principales organisations industrielles, BusinessEurope et European Roundtable of Industrialists.

      Tous ces efforts d’influence ont également bénéficié de la bienveillance d’un homme-clé. Robert Madelin a exercé plusieurs fois la fonction de directeur général, poste parmi les plus importants dans la hiérarchie administrative de la Commission, avant de devenir conseiller spécial pour l’innovation du président Juncker en 2015. Le Britannique produisait l’année suivante une « note stratégique » faisant la promotion d’un « principe d’innovation ». Trois mois après sa publication, il basculait vers une activité de lobbyiste : M. Madelin est désormais consultant pour Fipra, un cabinet influent dont il est aussi président et qui est également… membre du Risk Forum. « Je suis un évangéliste de l’innovation bien encadrée, explique Robert Madelin, interrogé par Le Monde. Alors je pense que ce serait tragique d’oublier qu’on doit la soutenir en Europe à cause de l’historique d’un think tank. »




  • Widespread Blurring of Satellite Images Reveals Secret Facilities – Federation Of American Scientists
    https://fas.org/blogs/security/2018/12/widespread-blurring-of-satellite-images-reveals-secret-facilities

    Yandex Maps—Russia’s foremost mapping service—has also agreed to selectively blur out specific sites beyond recognition; however, it has done so for just two countries: Israel and Turkey. The areas of these blurred sites range from large complexes—such as airfields or munitions storage bunkers—to small, nondescript buildings within city blocks.

    (...) By complying with requests to selectively obscure military facilities, the mapping service has actually revealed their precise locations, perimeters, and potential function to anyone curious enough to find them all.

    #satellite #flou #secret #armée

    • Le billet de Matt Korda est fort intéressant.

      Although blurring out specific sites is certainly unusual, it is not uncommon for satellite imagery companies to downgrade the resolution of certain sets of imagery before releasing them to viewing platforms like Yandex or Google Earth; in fact, if you trawl around the globe using these platforms, you’ll notice that different locations will be rendered in a variety of resolutions. Downtown Toronto, for example, is always visible at an extremely high resolution; looking closely, you can spot my bike parked outside my old apartment. By contrast, imagery of downtown Jerusalem is always significantly blurrier; you can just barely make out cars parked on the side of the road.

      As I explained in my previous piece about geolocating Israeli Patriot batteries, a 1997 US law known as the Kyl-Bingaman Amendment (KBA) prohibits US companies from publishing satellite imagery of Israel at a Ground Sampling Distance lower than what is commercially available. This generally means that US-based satellite companies like DigitalGlobe and viewing platforms like Google Earth won’t publish any images of Israel that are better than 2m resolution.

      Foreign mapping services like Russia’s Yandex are legally not subject to the KBA, but they tend to stick to the 2m resolution rule regardless, likely for two reasons. Firstly, after 20 years the KBA standard has become somewhat institutionalized within the satellite imagery industry. And secondly, Russian companies (and the Russian state) are surely wary of doing anything to sour Russia’s critical relationship with Israel.
      […]
      My complete list of blurred sites in both Israel and Turkey totals over 300 distinct buildings, airfields, ports, bunkers, storage sites, bases, barracks, nuclear facilities, and random buildings—prompting several intriguing points of consideration:

      • Included in the list of Yandex’s blurred sites are at least two NATO facilities: Allied Land Command (LANDCOM) in Izmir, and Incirlik Air Base, which hosts the largest contingent of US B61 nuclear gravity bombs at any single NATO base.
      • Strangely, no Russian facilities have been blurred—including its nuclear facilities, submarine bases, air bases, launch sites, or numerous foreign military bases in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, or the Middle East.
      • Although none of Russia’s permanent military installations in Syria have been blurred, almost the entirety of Syria is depicted in extremely low resolution, making it nearly impossible to utilize Yandex for analyses of Syrian imagery. By contrast, both Crimea and the entire Donbass region are visible at very high resolutions, so this blurring standard applies only selectively to Russia’s foreign adventures.
      • All four Israeli Patriot batteries that I identified using radar interference in my previous post have been blurred out, confirming that these sites do indeed have a military function.

      lien vers le billet mentionné dans le dernier paragraphe : repérage des sites de batteries de Patriot en Israel https://seenthis.net/messages/743998


  • 30 years on since first migrant death, still no end to tragedies at sea

    When the body of a Moroccan man washed up on a beach in #Tarifa in 1988, no one knew that it would be the first of more than 6,700 fatalities.

    The body lay face up in the sand with its arms in a cross. It was swollen but clothed. The small boat had run aground and swept up on the shores of a beach in Tarifa, a town in Spain’s southern province of Cádiz. Four survivors recounted in French the story of the shipwreck that “froze the heart.”

    It was November 1, 1988, a date that continues to haunt journalist Ildefonso Sena. He took 10 photos of the scene with his Nikon compact camera but only one was needed for the incident to send shock waves through Europe. Without intending to, he had immortalized the first migrant death in the Strait of Gibraltar.

    “I wasn’t aware of the number of deaths that would follow,” Sena told the local newspaper Diario de Cádiz. Two bodies were found the following day, another two on November 3 and one more in Ceuta, the Spanish exclave city in North Africa. A total of 11 people died and seven disappeared. It was the first time a migrant boat had shipwrecked off Spain’s southern border. Thirty years on, there is no sign of an end to the deaths. “There has not been one single year where there have not been deadly tragedies,” says Gabriel Delgado, who has been director of the Migration Office of the Cádiz and Ceuta Diocese since 1993.

    Since November 1, 1988, 6,714 migrants have died or gone missing in the Strait of Gibraltar, according to a report by the migrant support group Andalucía Acoge. As the sun sets one afternoon in late October, Antonio Ruiz and his son Francisco Ruiz visit the graves at Tarifa cemetery. Antonio was mayor for the Socialist Party (PSOE) when Tarifa was shocked by the first migrant death. Now his son is the mayor and the people of the town, home to 118,116 residents, jump into action to lend a hand and provide resources to hundreds of migrants when the system is unable to cope.

    In Tarifa, they now know that when the wind is calm or gently blowing from the west, boats will arrive to the shore. And, if there is a sudden easterly gust, that there will be more deaths at sea. “We have 30 years of experience. We have been living with this situation for many years and are used to it. You have to normalize providing shelter, but you must never normalize death,” says Francisco Ruiz.

    This is the unwritten wisdom of a town committed to solidarity at all costs – a hundred or so locals spent their summer helping migrants sheltered in the municipal pavilion – and one that is becoming increasingly more familiar with the arrival of bodies of North African and Sub-Saharan migrants to their shores.

    It was not like this in the 1980s, when the town had no idea about the scope of the problem. “We could not imagine that this was going to lead to what it has led to,” explains Antonio Ruiz. Sena agrees: “The migration phenomena was gradually revealed. Between 1982 and 1983, boats began to arrive and the Civil Guard thought at first they were bringing in drugs. Later it happened more frequently but nobody gave it any importance until November 1, 1988.” That was the day the journalist was told by a Civil Guard officer: “Go to Los Lances beach, a body has appeared.”

    Sena remembers the scene when he arrived: “There was an infernal wind. The dead young man was two meters from the bow of the boat. He was around 25 years old and covered with grime from the sea.”

    He squatted down to take the photos. An officer then approached him and asked if he could interpret from French for the four Moroccan survivors. “They told me that 23 of them had set sail at 12 from a beach in Tangier. Halfway into the trip, they were surprised by a very strong easterly wind. They got close to the coast but the ship capsized,” recalls the 67-year-old, who has now retired.

    The 11 migrants who were found dead in the following days had no name, affiliation or known family – a pattern that would become all too familiar. Their bodies were moved from the morgue to a common grave in Tarifa cemetery, which is marked by a simple tombstone: “In memory of the migrants who died in the Strait of Gibraltar.” Delgado placed the tombstone when he took office. Since then, he and his team have discovered that, unlike other dioceses, the brunt of their work is in assisting migrants, not emigrants.

    Delgado has 25 years of bittersweet experiences, of migrants who were able to move forward and others who became just another anonymous legal process of a tomb in the cemeteries of Tarifa, Barbate and Conil de la Frontera in Cádiz, and in Ceuta. In these years, Delgado has seen blood trails on beaches and dead children, like Samuel, who was found at the beginning of 2017 in Barbate. “Fatal tragedies hit me very hard. I cannot get used to it,” explains the priest, who has officiated dozens of migrant burials.

    Every second Wednesday of the month, Delgado organizes Circles of Silence meetings in cities in Ceuta and Cádiz. “We don’t want anyone to get used to tragedy. Now I fear that, what’s more, we have gone from the globalization of indifference to the globalization of rejection,” he says in a serious tone.

    Every date marks the death of a migrant at sea. But back on November 1, 1988, it was difficult to imagine the Strait of Gibraltar would become the mass grave it is today. That windy morning was just a day when Sena pressed the shutter on his camera, “without calibrating the importance the photo would have.”


    https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/11/01/inenglish/1541074865_689521.html?id_externo_rsoc=TW_CC
    #Etroit_de_Gibraltar #mourir_en_mer #30_ans triste (#anniversaire) #histoire #photographie #migrations #frontières #fermeture_des_frontières #Espagne #Méditerranée #Forteresse_Europe #1988

    ping @reka


  • Europe is using smartphone data as a weapon to deport refugees

    European leaders need to bring immigration numbers down, and #metadata on smartphones could be just what they need to start sending migrants back.

    Smartphones have helped tens of thousands of migrants travel to Europe. A phone means you can stay in touch with your family – or with people smugglers. On the road, you can check Facebook groups that warn of border closures, policy changes or scams to watch out for. Advice on how to avoid border police spreads via WhatsApp.

    Now, governments are using migrants’ smartphones to deport them.

    Across the continent, migrants are being confronted by a booming mobile forensics industry that specialises in extracting a smartphone’s messages, location history, and even #WhatsApp data. That information can potentially be turned against the phone owners themselves.

    In 2017 both Germany and Denmark expanded laws that enabled immigration officials to extract data from asylum seekers’ phones. Similar legislation has been proposed in Belgium and Austria, while the UK and Norway have been searching asylum seekers’ devices for years.

    Following right-wing gains across the EU, beleaguered governments are scrambling to bring immigration numbers down. Tackling fraudulent asylum applications seems like an easy way to do that. As European leaders met in Brussels last week to thrash out a new, tougher framework to manage migration —which nevertheless seems insufficient to placate Angela Merkel’s critics in Germany— immigration agencies across Europe are showing new enthusiasm for laws and software that enable phone data to be used in deportation cases.

    Admittedly, some refugees do lie on their asylum applications. Omar – not his real name – certainly did. He travelled to Germany via Greece. Even for Syrians like him there were few legal alternatives into the EU. But his route meant he could face deportation under the EU’s Dublin regulation, which dictates that asylum seekers must claim refugee status in the first EU country they arrive in. For Omar, that would mean settling in Greece – hardly an attractive destination considering its high unemployment and stretched social services.

    Last year, more than 7,000 people were deported from Germany according to the Dublin regulation. If Omar’s phone were searched, he could have become one of them, as his location history would have revealed his route through Europe, including his arrival in Greece.

    But before his asylum interview, he met Lena – also not her real name. A refugee advocate and businesswoman, Lena had read about Germany’s new surveillance laws. She encouraged Omar to throw his phone away and tell immigration officials it had been stolen in the refugee camp where he was staying. “This camp was well-known for crime,” says Lena, “so the story seemed believable.” His application is still pending.

    Omar is not the only asylum seeker to hide phone data from state officials. When sociology professor Marie Gillespie researched phone use among migrants travelling to Europe in 2016, she encountered widespread fear of mobile phone surveillance. “Mobile phones were facilitators and enablers of their journeys, but they also posed a threat,” she says. In response, she saw migrants who kept up to 13 different #SIM cards, hiding them in different parts of their bodies as they travelled.

    This could become a problem for immigration officials, who are increasingly using mobile phones to verify migrants’ identities, and ascertain whether they qualify for asylum. (That is: whether they are fleeing countries where they risk facing violence or persecution.) In Germany, only 40 per cent of asylum applicants in 2016 could provide official identification documents. In their absence, the nationalities of the other 60 per cent were verified through a mixture of language analysis — using human translators and computers to confirm whether their accent is authentic — and mobile phone data.

    Over the six months after Germany’s phone search law came into force, immigration officials searched 8,000 phones. If they doubted an asylum seeker’s story, they would extract their phone’s metadata – digital information that can reveal the user’s language settings and the locations where they made calls or took pictures.

    To do this, German authorities are using a computer programme, called Atos, that combines technology made by two mobile forensic companies – T3K and MSAB. It takes just a few minutes to download metadata. “The analysis of mobile phone data is never the sole basis on which a decision about the application for asylum is made,” says a spokesperson for BAMF, Germany’s immigration agency. But they do use the data to look for inconsistencies in an applicant’s story. If a person says they were in Turkey in September, for example, but phone data shows they were actually in Syria, they can see more investigation is needed.

    Denmark is taking this a step further, by asking migrants for their Facebook passwords. Refugee groups note how the platform is being used more and more to verify an asylum seeker’s identity.

    It recently happened to Assem, a 36-year-old refugee from Syria. Five minutes on his public Facebook profile will tell you two things about him: first, he supports a revolution against Syria’s Assad regime and, second, he is a devoted fan of Barcelona football club. When Danish immigration officials asked him for his password, he gave it to them willingly. “At that time, I didn’t care what they were doing. I just wanted to leave the asylum center,” he says. While Assem was not happy about the request, he now has refugee status.

    The Danish immigration agency confirmed they do ask asylum applicants to see their Facebook profiles. While it is not standard procedure, it can be used if a caseworker feels they need more information. If the applicant refused their consent, they would tell them they are obliged under Danish law. Right now, they only use Facebook – not Instagram or other social platforms.

    Across the EU, rights groups and opposition parties have questioned whether these searches are constitutional, raising concerns over their infringement of privacy and the effect of searching migrants like criminals.

    “In my view, it’s a violation of ethics on privacy to ask for a password to Facebook or open somebody’s mobile phone,” says Michala Clante Bendixen of Denmark’s Refugees Welcome movement. “For an asylum seeker, this is often the only piece of personal and private space he or she has left.”

    Information sourced from phones and social media offers an alternative reality that can compete with an asylum seeker’s own testimony. “They’re holding the phone to be a stronger testament to their history than what the person is ready to disclose,” says Gus Hosein, executive director of Privacy International. “That’s unprecedented.”
    Read next

    Everything we know about the UK’s plan to block online porn
    Everything we know about the UK’s plan to block online porn

    By WIRED

    Privacy campaigners note how digital information might not reflect a person’s character accurately. “Because there is so much data on a person’s phone, you can make quite sweeping judgements that might not necessarily be true,” says Christopher Weatherhead, technologist at Privacy International.

    Bendixen cites the case of one man whose asylum application was rejected after Danish authorities examined his phone and saw his Facebook account had left comments during a time he said he was in prison. He explained that his brother also had access to his account, but the authorities did not believe him; he is currently waiting for appeal.

    A spokesperson for the UK’s Home Office told me they don’t check the social media of asylum seekers unless they are suspected of a crime. Nonetheless, British lawyers and social workers have reported that social media searches do take place, although it is unclear whether they reflect official policy. The Home Office did not respond to requests for clarification on that matter.

    Privacy International has investigated the UK police’s ability to search phones, indicating that immigration officials could possess similar powers. “What surprised us was the level of detail of these phone searches. Police could access information even you don’t have access to, such as deleted messages,” Weatherhead says.

    His team found that British police are aided by Israeli mobile forensic company Cellebrite. Using their software, officials can access search history, including deleted browsing history. It can also extract WhatsApp messages from some Android phones.

    There is a crippling irony that the smartphone, for so long a tool of liberation, has become a digital Judas. If you had stood in Athens’ Victoria Square in 2015, at the height of the refugee crisis, you would have noticed the “smartphone stoop”: hundreds of Syrians, Iraqis, and Afghans standing or sitting about this sun-baked patch of grass and concrete, were bending their heads, looking into their phones.

    The smartphone has become the essential accessory for modern migration. Travelling to Europe as an asylum seeker is expensive. People who can’t afford phones typically can’t afford the journey either. Phones became a constant feature along the route to Northern Europe: young men would line the pavements outside reception centres in Berlin, hunched over their screens. In Calais, groups would crowd around charging points. In 2016, the UN refugee agency reported that phones were so important to migrants moving across Europe, that they were spending up to one third of their income on phone credit.

    Now, migrants are being forced to confront a more dangerous reality, as governments worldwide expand their abilities to search asylum seekers’ phones. While European countries were relaxing their laws on metadata search, last year US immigration spent $2.2 million on phone hacking software. But asylum seekers too are changing their behaviour as they become more aware that the smartphone, the very device that has bought them so much freedom, could be the very thing used to unravel their hope of a new life.

    https://www.wired.co.uk/article/europe-immigration-refugees-smartphone-metadata-deportations
    #smartphone #smartphones #données #big_data #expulsions #Allemagne #Danemark #renvois #carte_SIM #Belgique #Autriche


  • Five hundred glass negatives by Lucia Moholy | The Charnel-House
    https://thecharnelhouse.org/2018/12/07/five-hundred-glass-negatives-by-lucia-moholy

    In 1915, twenty-one-year-old #Lucia_Schulz wrote in her journal that she could imagine herself using photography as “a passive artist,” recording everything from the best perspective, putting the film through the chemical processes she’d learned, and adding to the image her sense of “how the objects act on me.”

    On her twenty-seventh birthday, at the Registry Office in Charlottenburg, a borough of Berlin, she married the Hungarian Constructivist painter #Lászlo_Moholy-Nagy and became, in the blink of a bureaucratic instant, #Lucia_Moholy. A few years later, when Moholy-Nagy was recruited to teach as a master at the #Bauhaus school, Lucia went with him — she, her camera, her technical skills, and her knowledge of the darkroom.

    #photographie


    • Intéréssant !

      En 2006, un groupe d’expérimentation urbaine, les Untergunther, avait réparé clandestinement l’horloge du Panthéon. Plus d’une décennie plus tard, le Centre des monuments nationaux va achever de restaurer cette horloge Wagner du XIXe siècle.

      L’histoire, rocambolesque, va connaître une fin heureuse. En 2005 et pendant un an, les Untergunther, un groupe d’expérimentation urbaine de spécialistes de l’infiltration et de la restauration du patrimoine, avaient discrètement réparé l’horloge Wagner du XIXe siècle, en passe d’être abîmée irrémédiablement, avant d’informer le Panthéon de leur opération clandestine. Las, l’administration du Centre des Monuments Nationaux (CMN), peu enthousiaste à l’idée que l’affaire mette sur le devant de la scène des lacunes en matière de sécurité, avait préféré déposer plainte contre le groupe Untergunther, sans succès, et laissé l’horloge en l’état.

      Dix ans après (et deux ans après la publication de notre article sur le sujet), le CMN est revenu sur sa décision : l’horloge Wagner a été restaurée, officiellement cette fois, au cours de l’été dernier.

      . . . . .



  • Une action en Sarthe devant l’usine de bombes lacrymo
    https://www.ouest-france.fr/societe/gilets-jaunes/gilets-jaunes-une-action-en-sarthe-devant-l-usine-de-bombes-lacrymo-611

    C’était hier

    Une cinquantaine de #Gilets_jaunes s’est postée devant l’usine Alsetex, à Précigné (Sarthe), ce vendredi 7 décembre. Aucun bloquage, mais une présence pour dénoncer les violences et soutenir les personnes blessées lors les manifestations.

    «  C’est un site très sécurisé, sensible, on connaît son importance et on sait ce qu’ils font », assène Patrick. Comme une cinquantaine d’autres Gilets jaunes, il a mené une action éclair, ce vendredi 7 décembre, dans l’après-midi, devant #Alsetex, près de #Sablé-sur-Sarthe.

    L’entreprise, classée Seveso (site industriel présentant des risques d’accident majeur), fabrique notamment des #grenades_assourdissantes et #lacrymogènes pour les forces de l’ordre.



  • How to walk to LaGuardia Airport in New York City - Curbed NY
    https://ny.curbed.com/2018/12/6/18128031/how-to-walk-to-laguardia-airport-queens

    n a crisp and sunny autumn day, not long ago, I walked to LaGuardia Airport. I wasn’t one of those people you’ve seen on the news who get so panicked by gridlock on the Grand Central Parkway that they abandon their taxis and drag their wheelies across eight lanes of traffic and up the exit ramps to their terminals. I wasn’t even in a hurry. I didn’t have a plane to catch.

    I wasn’t going anywhere except the airport.

    Accompanied by Stanley Greenberg, a photographer whose primary interest is urban infrastructure, I walked to the airport simply to see if it could be done. It was an expedition, like Magellan circumnavigating the earth or Lewis and Clark trekking to the Pacific Ocean

    #photographie #aéroports un autre angle du #DFS


  • It’s about time #OpenStreetMap showed native lands on the map
    https://hi.stamen.com/its-about-time-openstreetmap-showed-native-lands-on-the-map-cfc56e92b2ac

    We often say that OSM is a collaborative map of the world, but in reality, it’s a collaborative database of map features. There is only one database, but there are many possible maps that can be made from that data. But when it comes down to it, there’s still one map that matters most to the OSM community, and that’s the “default” map that you see on the OpenStreetMap website.

    One thing that’s always frustrated me about that map is that it doesn’t include native reservations. You can add reservations to the database, (and many of us have been doing just that) but they don’t show up on the default map.


  • CIMON, the International Space Station’s artificial intelligence, has turned belligerent - NZ Herald
    https://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2

    CIMON was programmed to be the physical embodiment of the likes of ’nice’ robots such as Robby, R2D2, Wall-E, Johnny 5 … and so on.

    Instead, CIMON appears to be adopting characteristics closer to Marvin the Paranoid Android of the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy — though hopefully not yet the psychotic HAL of 2001: A Space Oddysey infamy.

    Put simply, CIMON appears to have decided he doesn’t like the whole personal assistant thing.

    He’s turned uncooperative.

    Open the pod bay doors, HAL?

    No. Not quite. Not yet.

    In this case, the free-floating IBM artificial intelligence was — for the first time — interacting with ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst.

    Watch the whole interaction here - the creepiness factor ramps up from 3 minutes 30.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=133&v=3_2Jy1Ur0js

    #IA #robot #kubrick


  • SPK: Turn Illness into a Weapon
    https://archive.org/details/SPKTurnIllnessIntoAWeapon

    Author(s): Socialist Patients’ Collective, Sozialistisches Patientenkollektiv

    Publisher: KRRIM, Year: 2002

    ISBN: 3926491175,9783926491176

    Description:
    This text, if it should result in being completely undigestible not able to beconsumed, then the consequence of this experience can only exist in negating it (negieren!), which means to abolish it into practice dialectically (ihninder Praxis dialektisch aufheben). This text itself is the abolition (Negation) representing the practising of the SPK.

    Startling book on the SPK, (Sozialistisches Patienten Kollektiv), including theses and principles, chronology of events, essays and an introduction by Jean-Paul Sartre.

    During the times more remote there existed astrological maps in which the governors of your brain took names like moon (luna) or cancer, the governors of your muscles Mars and so on. Those oldy names which nevertheless represent still existing pathways and exchange banks for other demons and devils, possessing and obsessing, interested in imperialism, but enemies of every kind of revolution concerning both, namely cosmic and social matters, for sure (kosmisch-soziale Revolution).

    In future there will exist more and more groups formed by special forces of illness, developing real in-dividuation (MFE). A special force of illness is mania which, if developed collectively, works like a musical species (Musikgattungswesen, nicht harmlos) killing all discipline, by transcendence. The same about a collective which develops its self-chosen addictions (Körpersüchte) exercised body by body, for addiction then is a deadly weapon against drugs, while turning all bodies to a well tempered species (Wärmekörper, wild), thus by immanence. Did you ever divide a melody, a lot of warmth, an illness or some other species? Of course not, for such individualities are either individuals or divisible, thus no individuals.

    Perhaps Plato and Bergson forgot to mention it in the completeness, now necessary to enable the doing it, and Pluto, grouping the imponderable into weight, the weight into imponderability, therefore now is mad at them and resorting to earthquakes. Make use of your own experiences about illnesses and put fantasy into action.

    Those things are meant if there is the question about how to be up to date. SPK - TURN ILLNESS INTO A WEAPON is the first glance to a future to be done free of (Endlösungs-) names, governors, health factories and so on. We call it Utopathie.


  • What explains variations in journey to work mode shares between and within Australian cities? | Charting Transport
    https://chartingtransport.com/2018/12/06/what-explains-variations-in-journey-to-work-mode-shares-between-a

    Private and public transport journey to work mode shares vary considerably both between Australian cities and within them. Are these differences related to factors such as population density, motor vehicle ownership, employment density, proximity to train stations, proximity to busway stations, jobs within walking distance of homes, and distance from the city centre?

    #transport #urban_matter


  • ’The Pirate Bay of Science’ Continues to Get Attacked Around the World
    After publishers sued #Sci-Hub, Russian ISPs are now preventing users from accessing the valuable scientific data repository and paywall killer.

    https://motherboard.vice.com/amp/en_us/article/gy7d7j/sci-hub-and-lib-gen-continue-to-get-attacked-around-the-world

    Sci-Hub has shown time and again that it’s better at cat-and-mouse than the giant science publishing monopolies it undermines,” activist and author Cory Doctorow said in an email exchange with Motherboard.

    “That said, unless your science is public, it’s not science, it’s just alchemy,” Doctorow added. “With the major science funders around the world declaring war on the likes of Springer, it’s bizarre that they’re focused on Sci-Hub, rather than addressing the fact that the entire world of science practitioners and funders thinks that they’re useless and greedy parasites.”

    https://telegram.me/scihubot


  • « Le dernier combat des Capitaines de Guyane » un film de Erwan Le Guillermic et David Morvan
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QSuLMR0JlMw

    Il ne manquait plus que ça à la Guyane ! Après l’orpaillage illégal qui détruit son environnement depuis des décennies, voici que des projets de mines d’or industrielles voient le jour.

    Face à ce qu’ils considèrent comme un nouveau cataclysme aux portes de leurs villages, les Amérindiens ont décidé de résister.

    Les chefs coutumiers, que la France a longtemps appelé « Capitaines » en leur offrant un uniforme et une modeste rétribution, sont unanimes. Tous refusent de voir la forêt et la terre de leurs ancêtres sacrifiées.

    Sur fond de crise identitaire, la lutte contre les projets industriels de mine d’or cristallise une absence de reconnaissance de plus en plus mal supportée par la jeunesse amérindienne.

    En rejouant David contre Goliath, le film plonge dans les tourments de la Guyane et du peuple premier de cette contrée lointaine de la République.

    #Guyane #amérindiens #Montagne_d'or #colonialisme


  • Sur le style académique – Contagions

    https://contagions.hypotheses.org/1343

    Une réflexion intéressante - ce n’est pas fréquent - sur le style d’écriture (mal écrit, bien écrit, quels critères ?)

    Le beau #style

    Le beau style dans les articles académiques me laisse souvent de marbre. Je n’ai pas besoin qu’un article soit joliment écrit. Mais c’est une question qu’il est en réalité assez difficile de bien expliquer.

    D’abord, je ne crois pas que le genre de langue standardisée et sans ressource stylistique qu’on appelle l’anglais académique soit très profitable à l’enrichissement de nos idées. J’ai entendu des histoires de certains auteurs dont on lissait le style en anglais, pour en retirer des expressions idiomatiques, des tournures un peu compliquées ou des mots trop éloignés des internationalismes, et si de semblables corrections sont souvent justifiées, elles conduisent parfois à un assèchement préoccupant de nos ressources linguistiques.

    Ensuite, j’aime bien quand un article est parfois drôle. Parfois seulement. Les articles qui tentent de me faire rire de bout en bout me gênent, à la fois parce qu’ils ne réussissent presque jamais, et que c’est très embarrassant d’être le spectateur de blagues qui tombent à plat, et parce que j’ai l’impression qu’ils sont pour ainsi dire impolis, c’est-à-dire qu’ils n’ont pas bien jugé des circonstances sociales dans lesquelles ils s’exprimaient et de ce qui y était le plus utile à tous. C’est un peu le même problème avec les auteurs qui veulent avoir l’air très élégant, ou très intelligent, ou très instruit.

    #écriture