• Apple CEO Tim Cook made $11.6 million in the company’s last fiscal year — 200 times more than its median employee

    Apple CEO Tim Cook brought in just shy of $11.6 million in total compensation during the company’s 2019 fiscal year, Apple said in its annual proxy statement Friday. That hefty pay package is about 200 times more than the median Apple employee earned in compensation during the same time period, the company noted. According to Apple, the median compensation among its global workforce of more than 130,000 full time employees and of its staff of part-time employees was $57,596 during the 2019 (...)

    #Apple #bénéfices #travail


  • Arabe, Maghrébin / Synonyme | ABC de la langue française

    ce tableau liste la synonymie établie dans le dictionnaire d’argot pour : Arabe, Maghrébin. Le dictionnaire se trouve dans Bob.

    bicot - arbi - moricaud - bougnoule - sidi - turco - beur - arbico - bique - rebeu - raton - crouille - fell -crouillat - nordaf - beurette - melon - tronc de figuier - tronc - kroumir - gris - blédard - basané - rat - rabza - barbu - Bédouin - tchouktchouk - arbiche - couscouss - sidi ben quéquette - bouc - Chraouet et Cie - iaouldi - pinson - Mohamed Ben couillon - Mohammed - boucaque - rabzouille - arabicot - C.P.F. - n.a. - zien - Indien - rabzouz - arlbouche - figue - moraille - marchand de tapis

    On sent beaucoup d’amour dans tout ça...

    • Et personne n’a relevé la tragédie des SNP (sans nom patronymique) connu, qui a transformé en cauchemar la vie de dizaines de milliers de ressortissants de notre ex-département d’Algérie ; Un beau sujet de thèse dans le registre des études décoloniales...

  • CES 2020 : comment une pomme de terre connectée (française) a piégé le prestigieux salon de l’électronique

    “POTATO décode le langage de la pomme de terre et peut le traduire via une connexion Bluetooth”, avance le communiqué de presse présent sur l’unique table du stand. Autour de lui, les curieux se pressent et écoutent attentivement le pitch autour du légume connecté, sans broncher.

    En dehors de quelques regards amusés et de réactions surprises, personne ne s’étonne réellement de l’existence d’une telle création. Ni même de son prix : 34 dollars, sur une bien connue plateforme de financement participatif, avec une remise de cinq dollars pour les mille premiers acheteurs. Le texte précise que l’initiative ne fait nullement partie de la délégation French Tech, qui rassemble une sélection de start-up françaises.


  • THE ANGRY ARAB : The NGO Invasion of the Arab World – Consortiumnews

    Angry Arab propose une première approche d’une question rarement traitée. Il faudrait compléter cette première approche du rôle politique des #ONG par toutes celles qui s’occupent de « culture »...

    During the last few decades the number of Western-supported NGOs has substantially increased in all Arab countries. In 2015, the Palestinian prime minister estimated that the West spent $800 million on funding 2882 NGOs in the West Bank alone.

    This investment has brought good returns to Western governments in the form of significant changes in the dominant political culture.

    During the Cold War, Western policies focused on supporting regimes and political parties to thwart communism, socialism and Arab nationalism. But Western governments seem to have lost faith in political parties, probably because younger Arabs are less likely to join them.

    Recent protests in Iraq, Lebanon and Sudan revealed a diminished — almost non-existent — role for political parties. Older generations of Arabs flocked to the ranks of the Muslim Brotherhood, Arab nationalist parties and leftist parties and organizations. This is no longer the case. It is probably because political parties are associated with a corrupt order that Arab youth forswear them in favor of membership in Facebook and Whatsapp groups.

    Western governments are aware of this change and have increased their funding for NGOs — and always in the name of human rights, women’s rights, and “democracy promotion.” Local governments — even allies and clients of the U.S. — are quite cognizant of the increased roles of NGOs and they are not reluctant to arrest and harass members of local NGOs.

    The rise in the role of NGOs coincided with the end of the Cold War; it was the time when Western academics were obsessed with the concept of civil society. Academic conferences and workshops were held to discuss the role of civil society and NGOs began to sprout throughout the region.

    But there was something suspicious about that: While there are no reliable numbers for NGOs in the Middle East region, Western governments seem to have invested in NGOs in the areas surrounding Israel (especially in Lebanon, Palestine, and Jordan). NGOs dealt with issues in ways that have been instrumental in changing the political culture of the Arab world.

    Against Arab Unity

    Firstly, NGOs operate against the very principle of Arab nationalism and unity. Instead of treating the Arab people as one — as they see themselves — NGOs commonly refer to the Arab world as “the MENA (Middle East-North Africa) region.” The term erases any political identity that excludes the Israeli occupation state. The MENA region has become the standard lexicon of NGOs in the Arab world.

    Secondly, NGOs deal primarily with issues where Arabs are victims of other Arabs but never when they are victims of Westerners. There are NGOs that deal with “honor crimes” and with “domestic violence” but Western governments won’t be interested in funding NGOs that track the number of deaths caused by Western and Israeli bombs. It is very much the mentality of white supremacist racists who refer to “black-on-black crime” but who are not bothered by police shooting of blacks.

    Thirdly, NGOs in the Arab world routinely promote peace, pacifism, and “acceptance of the other.” While those ideals may sound laudable, they also happen to suit the Western agenda of pushing for normalization with Israel. Arab lands are still occupied by Israel (in Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and it is questionable that Egypt has sovereignty over territories that Israel vacated in the Sinai according to the terms of the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty). Israel continues to commit aggression against Arabs.

    In the last few years alone, Israel has bombed targets in Sudan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, and perpetrated assassination against Arabs and Iranians worldwide. The notion that Arabs should adhere to non-violence when they face not only Israeli occupation but also Western invasions of their lands (from Libya to Iraq) is a recipe for surrender to foreign rule. How would the French resistance against Nazi occupation have dealt with calls for pacifism? And how would the Americans in the Revolutionary War deal with those who were preaching “acceptance of the other” and non-violent struggle?

    New Rhetoric Required

    Fourthly, the staff of NGOs all fall under strict guidelines and political parameters. When radicals or leftists join NGO ranks, they change. Talk of radical change is replaced with Western rhetoric about political liberalization. (This holds true as long as the governments are not clients of the U.S. You don’t see Western NGOs operating in any of the Gulf countries. The only human rights organization permitted in Saudi Arabia is government-created and never faults the regime for its human rights violations.) The political language of the NGOs becomes adopted by the educated urban youth who parrot the vocabulary of Western foreign ministries. The Arab-Israeli conflict becomes the “Palestinian-Israeli conflict.”

    Fifthly, the roles of Arab NGOs are reliably situated within the spectrum of a right-wing reactionary political coalition. All Western NGOs in Lebanon, for example, operate as an appendage of the right-wing pro-Saudi/pro-U.S. camp, and Western human rights organizations (like Human Rights Watch or Amnesty International) are almost non-declared members of the right-wing establishment in the country. In Lebanon, the Rene Moawad Foundation has emerged as a favorite recipient of U.S. funds, and its annual galas at five-star hotels in Washington, D.C., attract such local luminaries as Paul Wolfowitz.

    But within Lebanon, the foundation is associated with its founder, Nayla Moawad, a former MP who is on the far right of the March 14 right-wing collation (with the ultimate focus being the need to disarm Hizbullah, which stands as the only deterrent against Israeli aggression on Lebanon). In his recent trip to Lebanon, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited the home of only one person, Michel Moawad, the son of Nayla Moawad, who spoke about longtime friendship with Pompeo.

    It is not clear why U.S. officials are so pleased with the work of this foundation since NGOs, for all their touting of openness, operate very opaquely and don’t release specifics about either their funding or actual programs. It is not unreasonable to assume that local NGOs are assigned political roles by Western funders. U.S. funding to the American University of Beirut is so tied to its political agenda that the U.S. government, a few years ago, actually asked the administration there to investigate the political leanings of the parents of every student who receives a U.S.-funded scholarship at the university. (The administration at the time refused.)

    Sixthly, in the age of high unemployment among the Arab youth, the salaries of Western-funded NGOs are highly prized. When local journalists rise in their profession, they dream of securing an NGO job. For that, young Arab journalists adhere to political standards that are favored by NGOs. Few for example dare to support resistance to Israel, knowing that it would be a disqualifier. And few dare to question the wisdom of capitalism or of Western wars on terrorism.

    Seventhly, Western governments are not the only players in funding of Arab NGOs. Private funders are active as well. The Soros foundation has become quite active in the Arab world and funds a variety of organizations and even Arabic news websites. While anti-Semitic European rightists are obsessed with George Soros, the roles of Soros in funding reactionary Arab groups is undeniable.

    • NGOs deal primarily with issues where Arabs are victims of other Arabs but never when they are victims of Westerners. There are NGOs that deal with “honor crimes” and with “domestic violence” but Western governments won’t be interested in funding NGOs that track the number of deaths caused by Western and Israeli bombs. It is very much the mentality of white supremacist racists who refer to “black-on-black crime” but who are not bothered by police shooting of blacks.

  • How Ramallah is resolving electricity crisis

    Under the patronage of Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh, the Jerusalem District Electricity Company (JDECO) signed Dec. 29 with eight banks operating in the Palestinian territories a memorandum of understanding under which the banks shall buy JDECO’s entire debt to the Israel Electric Corporation (IEC), which amounts to 670 million shekels ($191.4 million). This is provided that the government pays the banks its financial dues to JDECO in the form of monthly installments.

    This agreement followed Shtayyeh’s remarks Dec. 19 that his government decided to settle the electricity bills on behalf of all Palestinian camps. They include bills that have accumulated over the past years and monthly bills that will be issued in 2020.

    #palestine petit #racket ordinaire

  • Undercover police arrest prominent Israeli anti-occupation activist - +972 Magazine


    Undercover police officers arrested prominent Israeli anti-occupation activist Jonathan Pollak at his workplace Monday morning, after he repeatedly refused to appear in court over a private prosecution filed against him by a far-right organization.

    Witnesses said three officers arrived at the Haaretz building in south Tel Aviv, where Pollak works as a graphic designer, and took him into custody. Pollak later stated that around 15 officers were at the scene.

    In December 2018, Local Call reported that far-right group Ad Kan launched a private prosecution attempt against three Israelis, including Pollak, for participating in protests against the West Bank separation barrier. Ad Kan’s private prosecution, the first of its kind against anti-occupation activists, accused the defendants of “attacking IDF soldiers and Border Police officers.”

    #israël #droits_humains #activisme #résistance

  • Multibillion-dollar lawsuit in Israel against Arab Bank

    The Jordan-based Arab Bank was served with a precedent-setting, 20-billion-shekel ($5.75 billion) lawsuit Dec. 29 in Jerusalem’s District Court. Behind the suit were 1,132 victims and casualties of terrorism and their families, who are accusing the bank of cooperating, supporting, abetting, funding and encouraging terrorist activities, which resulted in thousands of casualties. The plaintiffs claim that the bank was involved in funding terrorist attacks in Israel carried out by Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah and other terrorist organizations.

    Among other things, this lawsuit is based on a similar, successful lawsuit against the Arab Bank in the United States in 2004. Initially, Israeli and American citizens filed the suit together, but the court decided to separate the American and the Israeli plaintiffs. The final compromise ruling covered victims of terrorism, who held American citizenship.

    The plaintiffs proved that the bank cooperated with terrorist organizations by opening private bank accounts for the families of terrorists, with which they could receive money from donors. The bank admitted that it did, in fact, transfer tens of millions of dollars to these accounts, but denied that it had any connection to Palestinian terrorist organizations. After many years of legal wrangling, a federal court in New York found the bank liable for knowingly supporting terrorist factions of Hamas, which were responsible for dozens of terrorist attacks between 2001 and 2004, in which American citizens were among the victims. Then, in August 2015, before the court could rule on the final sum of the compensation, the bank reached a confidential settlement with the American plaintiffs.

    In 2018, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Alien Tort Statute — previously implemented mostly in cases of human rights breach and extreme attacks — does not encompass individuals who are not citizens of the United States when the actions allegedly taken were not committed on American soil. In other words, non-Americans cannot use this law to sue terrorist groups in American courts. This led to the current suit by Israeli victims of terrorism, which was brought before the Jerusalem District Court. In July 2019, the court set a precedent by finding that the Palestinian Authority (PA) was responsible for 17 terrorist attacks during the second intifada (2000-2005), in which 34 Israelis were killed. The plaintiffs demanded about 1 billion shekels ($287 million) in compensation, but the final sum has yet to be determined.

    #palestine #racket

  • Defense Secretary Esper’s chief of staff resigns | Fox News

    Eric Chewning, the chief of staff to Defense Secretary Mark Esper, is resigning and will be leaving his post at the end of January, the Defense Department announced Monday.

    Chewning has been in his role since January 2019, after starting with the Department in October 2017 as the deputy assistant secretary of defense for industrial policy. He now plans on returning to the private sector, according to Pentagon press secretary Alyssa Farah.

    Fin janvier pour que la démission soit effective... Un délai certainement très réfléchi.

  • Pourquoi l’Iran risque de fermer complètement la parenthèse révolutionnaire - Soulayma MARDAM BEY - L’Orient-Le Jour

    Quoi qu’il fasse l’Iran sera donc toujours coupable ! Si les soulèvements ne se poursuivent pas au Liban, en Irak « et même en Iran » (!), ce sera de la faute des mollah qui ont bêtement laissé assassiner un de leurs hauts-militaires, nous explique gentiment la dame de l’Orient-Le Jour !


  • La Grèce cherche du soutien pour son projet de gazoduc

    Le premier ministre Kyriakos Mitsotakis va prochainement rencontrer Donald Trump et Emmanuel Macron avec comme principal sujet de discussion, l’exploitation et le transport du gaz de Méditerranée orientale

    Thomas Jacobi, de notre correspondant à Athènes, le 06/01/2020 à 06:33

    Rien n’était trop beau à Athènes ce 2 janvier pour l’accord tripartite sur le gazoduc Eastmed signé entre la Grèce, Chypre et Israël.
    (...) L’Italie soutient ce traité. Elle y a participé dès la première heure puisque c’est une société italienne, ENI, qui mène depuis des années, avec d’autres, les forages au large de Chypre. Aussi Kyriakos Mistotakis a tenu par deux fois à rappeler dans son allocution que « l’Italie va bientôt signer elle aussi cet accord ». Un accord « ouvert à tous les pays riverains », a-t-il tenu à préciser, soutenu par son homologue israélien Benyamin Netanyahou et le président Chypriote Nikos Anastasiades, « pour autant qu’ils respectent les règles de bon voisinage, le droit international, et les droits souverains des États indépendants », message clairement destiné au président turc Recip Tayip Erdogan pour qui cet accord est une « provocation ». (...)


    • Large march in Athens confronts Netanyahu, demands end to Greece-Israel gas pipeline deal
      3 January 2020

      Large crowds marched through the streets of Athens to the Israeli embassy on Thursday, 2 January 2020 to declare that Israeli Prime Minister, war criminal Benjamin Netanyahu, was not welcome in Greece and to demand the cancellation of the “EastMed” pipeline deal. This pipeline, which aims to ship natural gas, extracted – and stolen – by the Israeli occupation from the natural resources of the indigenous Palestinian people, to Europe via Greece and Cyprus, chaining the Greek economy to the Israeli state.

      Samidoun Network – Greece organized the protest with many other Greek organizations who joined in the demonstration, including the Network of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, EEK, NAR, KKE (M-L), Intifada Front and the Network to Support Palestinian Resistance.

      The Ghassan Kanafani Front for Palestine launched a protest call that was supported by Open Road, OPAM, LAE and more.

      All of these organizations came together to confront Netanyahu and the Greek and Cypriot governments on the creation of a dangerous axis in the region that aims to break the historical solidarity between the Greek and Palestinian people by placing Greece as a partner in the theft of Palestinian resources for the benefit of Israeli and U.S. corporations. (...)

  • Dans un jeu où il y a beaucoup de menteurs, le PM irakien accuse les USA de l’avoir trompé en le faisant inviter Qassem Soleimani au prétexte d’une négociation, voyage qui allait permettre l’assassinat du responsable iranien...

    Joshua Landis sur Twitter : “Iraqi Prime Minister AbdulMahdi accuses Trump of deceiving him in order to assassinate Suleimani. Trump, according to P.M. lied about wanting a diplomatic solution in order to get Suleimani on a plane to Baghdad in the open, where he was summarily executed.… https://t.co/MhJoQknUsC

    #irak #terrorisme_US

  • Turkey transfers Ottoman archives to the PA to counter “Israel’s” land claims
    January 2, 2020 - Quds News Network

    Ankara (QNN) – Turkey has given a copy of Ottoman-era archived documents to the Palestinian Authority (PA) to help Palestinians legally counter the Israeli occupation’s land claims, according to Hebrew news sources.

    The archives include tens of thousands of land registries from the Palestinian territories under the Ottoman Empire’s control between the years 1516 to 1917.

    “Lawyers from the PA are already using the materials in the archive, in order to undermine Israel’s claim on land around Israel,” and especially in occupied Jerusalem and West Bank, according to “Israel National News.”

    Turkish authorities delivered the archives to representatives of the PA in Ankara last year and a part of the archives was later transferred to Bethlehem.

    Though the documents in the archives have the potential to shake up the occupation state’s real estate market, nothing has happened so far, it said.

    But lawyers from Jerusalem’s Arab neighbourhoods are regularly turning to the archive to find documents that help them in legal battles over claims to many properties, mostly in the Jerusalem area, “Israel National News” said.

  • WATCH Terrifying moment Iran unveils red flag at Mosque warning of severe battle to come | World | News | Express.co.uk

    Toujours dans les #clichés_arabes, ce drapeau rouge hissé « pour la première fois de l’histoire » nous dit-on sur la mosquée de Jamarakan près de Qom, en signe de vengeance inexorable, qui ne permet pas le deuil tant qu’elle n’est pas accomplie...

    #vexillologie #drapeau #islam #chiites

    (Curieusement, les médias francophones n’en font pas des tonnes à ce sujet, mais j’ai peut-être mal cherché.)

  • جدل واسع عبر مواقع التواصل بسبب صورة « الحسين يحتضن سليماني ».. ورد أمريكي سريع – (تغريدات) | القدس العربي

    Ali Khamenei, le Guide suprême de la révolution, a publié cette image dans laquelle Husein, petit-fils du prophète, étreint le général Soleimani.
    (La prétendue « doctrine » de la non-représentation de figures saintes en islam (wahhabite) n’a pas cours de la même façon dans le monde chiite...)
    Débats fournis sur les médias sociaux de la région, de nombreux propagandistes du régime du roi de la découpe saoudien affirmant qu’il s’agit d’un abominable crime d’associationnisme, à savoir une remise en cause de l’unicité de Dieu...

    #wahhabisme #clichés_arabes

  • Le site de conscription de l’armée américaine saturé après la menace d’un conflit avec l’Iran — RT en français

    Le site du Selective Service System est resté inaccessible en raison d’un trafic trop important après l’opération américaine menée en Irak le 3 janvier. Une conscription d’office ne semble néanmoins pas envisageable.

    La panique serait-elle en train de gagner les Etats-Unis ? En effet, après l’opération menée par les Etats-Unis en Irak le 3 janvier – au cours de laquelle le général Qassem Soleimani, chef de la force al-Qods (branche des Gardiens de la Révolution chargée des opérations extérieures), a trouvé la mort – le site du Selective Service System (SSS), agence gouvernementale gérant la conscription aux Etats-Unis, était inaccessible.

    Sur Twitter, le SSS a affirmé que « à la suite de la propagation de la désinformation, notre site connaît actuellement un trafic très élevé », précisant que « si vous essayez de vous inscrire ou de vérifier votre inscription, merci de revenir plus tard dans la journée car nous travaillons à la résolution de ce problème ».


  • Irak : l’influent général iranien Qassem Soleimani tué dans un bombardement ordonné par Donald Trump

    La tension entre Etats-Unis et Iran grimpe encore en Irak. Le Pentagone a confirmé jeudi 2 janvier avoir, sur ordre du président Donald Trump, mené une frappe aérienne à Bagdad qui a tué l’influent général iranien Qassem Soleimani.

  • La nouvelle bombe !

    Elisabeth Borne, ministre des transports, a « oublié » de déclarer à la HATVP son poste d’administratrice au CA d’un lobby de multinationales, l’IGD, spécialisé dans la délégation de services publics comme Bouygues, Vinci ou Eiffage. (Institut pour la gestion déléguée).

    Alors qu’elle dirigeait la RATP.

    Aujourd’hui dans un gouvernement voulant privatiser la SNCF et la RATP !

    C’est un mode de vie...

  • Remi Brulin sur Twitter : "January 1, #1982: Lebanon. A packed stadium. Bombs have been positioned where the PLO leaders will be seated. Bigger bombs are outside, ready to target panicked survivors This is #Olympia_2. One crazy operation in the Greatest “Terrorist” Campaign You Never Heard About

    #THREAD" / Twitter

    #Liban #sionisme #terrorisme #massacre #civils #victimes_civiles #impunité #silence #complicité « #communauté_internationale »
    #mensonges #propagandes #chutzpah #sans_vergogne #miroir_de_la_jungle

  • Shin Bet claimed she was behind Israeli teen’s murder. Her indictment says otherwise - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    The re-arrest of Palestinian lawmaker Khalida Jarrar sparked a media campaign accusing her of alleged involvement in the murder of Israeli teen Rena Shnerb. No one took an interest in the actual indictment
    Gideon Levy and Alex Levac Dec 27, 2019

    Indictment: “Military prosecutor vs. Khalida Jarrar. Nature of the offense: holding a position in an illegal association. Offense under article 85(b) of the Defense (Emergency) Regulations of 1945.” This charge sheet, which has one clause and takes up just one page, is mandatory reading. It exposes the naked – and disturbing – truth about Israel’s occupation authorities and security apparatuses, but also about the country’s media, their bonded lackey.

    This is not only a story about tyranny in the territories, not only about the fact that Jarrar, like thousands of other Palestinians, is a political prisoner in every respect – as the military prosecution itself admits this time. Nor is it only about the fact that Israel allows itself to arrest Palestinian elected officials without any inhibition. Equally disturbing is the blind, knee-jerk mobilization of the Israeli media in the service of the security establishment’s propaganda. The Shin Bet dictates the narrative, the media repeat and declaim it, no one checks, no one asks, no one presses for more information – and that, too, is called journalism. That’s the left-wing media for you, after all.

    Khalida Jarrar was arrested on the evening of October 31 at home in El Bireh, in the central West Bank. Last week, the Shin Bet briefed military correspondents about the widespread arrests it had made of members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, in connection with investigation of the murder of Rena Shnerb in August, at a spring in the West Bank that settlers have forcibly taken over. The day after the briefing nearly all the newspapers ran screaming headlines about Jarrar’s supposed involvement in the killing. Yedioth Ahronoth: “Shin Bet arrests Khalida Jarrar, responsible for murdering Rena Shnerb”; Israel Hayom: “Among those responsible for murder of Rena Shnerb: ‘Human rights activist’ of 56.” The other media outlets – with the notable exception of Haaretz – followed suit in their coverage: Jarrar murdered Shnerb – or at least gave the order for her to be killed.

    No one took an interest in the actual indictment. It contains not a word about Shnerb’s murder, about any sort of murder, not even about any acts of violence to which Jarrar can be linked. The charge sheet, signed by the military prosecutor, Maj. Tal Ziskovich, states that Jarrar is accused of being a “director or assistant to the administration of an illegal association, or held a position or standing of some kind in an illegal association or under its auspices.” This feeble wording was the best the military prosecution could do. But the media were convinced: Jarrar committed murder.

    The indictment also reveals information about a meeting of three Palestinian figures, mentioned by name, that took place in 2014, “or at a proximate date,” in which the three discussed the situation of the PFLP. The conversation’s participants, it was stated, decided “to renew and implement activity of the Front in the region and to serve as leaders of the organization.”

    Moreover, the document states: “In this meeting the three agreed on a division of the tasks among themselves. According to the division, the accused is responsible for the PFLP’s national and political activity, and for the official connection with the Palestinian Authority and the organizations.”

    It follows that Jarrar is in charge of the PFLP’s political activity and of that alone – even according to the army’s indictment. The indictment reveals that the accused continued to meet with the two others, and reported to them about her political activity. At a meeting in June 2019, “the accused provided an update about the national and political situation. By so doing, the accused held a position in an illegal association until the day of her arrest.”

    No murder, no terrorism, no Rena Shnerb, no violence – only political activity in a movement that Israel decided to place outside the law of the occupation.

    The PFLP is a political movement with an ideology and a platform, which also has a separate and compartmentalized military wing. But the Israeli lexicon contains no entry under “Palestinian political movement” or “Palestinian political party” – only “terror organization.”

    Thus, Jarrar, a secular woman, a feminist, a human rights activist and an opponent of the occupation who was elected on behalf of the PFLP to the Palestinian Legislative Council in 2006 – was transformed into a terrorist, and not for the first time. From July 2017 until February 2019 she was held in “administrative detention,” arrest without trial, under a military order that stated that she is a political activist “who endangers the security of the region.” That followed about a year after she finished a 14-month prison term after admitting to political activity on behalf of the PFLP. Among the absurd counts in that earlier indictment, in 2015: Jarrar visited the home of mourners and had given a talk in a library. Initially, after her arrest, an administrative detention order was issued against her; after 13 days the powers-that-be had a change of heart: The military prosecution issued an indictment against her on 12 counts, which a month later had been reduced to two: “membership in an illegal association” and “incitement.”

    From February to October this year Jarrar was left alone, eight months of freedom and euphoria – we met her in her home the day after her release – but then came her rearrest just under two months ago. Her husband, Ghassan, 60, who owns a factory that makes children’s furniture and colorful stuffed animals, was in Jordan at the time. At home in El Bireh one evening this week, he joked that the most distant destination he had reached in his life was the Ketziot Prison in the Negev, even though he holds a diplomatic passport by virtue of his wife’s status.

    Khalida’s photo, with the caption “Freedom,” is again on display in the living room on the second floor of the handsome stone house. The troops treated his wife gently this time, Ghassan relates; they didn’t even bind her hands or blindfold her. The only other person in the house at the time was their daughter Suha, a climate scientist who works for the human rights organization Al Haq. The couple’s other daughter, Yafa, who has a law degree, lives in Canada. Ghassan watched her wedding in Ottawa some years ago, in which she married a Canadian man, via the internet together with friends. Khalida was in jail at the time, as usual, and he was not allowed to leave the country, as usual.

    The arrest this time around took him by surprise, he tells us. Since her release, Khalida tended to her health and looked after her aging mother, who lives in Nablus (her father died while she was in prison), and had received a teaching position at Bir Zeit University. She had intended to give a course on human rights and began preparing for it, but it’s unlikely now that the course will start as scheduled, during the second semester, in February.

    Ghassan recalls that Khalida told him upon her release earlier this year, “They don’t want to see me outside. I am going to resign from all my activities and focus on teaching at the university, at least temporarily.” But then he adds, with a smile, “But you know how hard it is for a politician to retire.”

    In late October, Ghassan received a permit to leave the territories for the first time in his life. He went to Jordan, to see his two brothers, four sisters, three aunts and 22 cousins who live there. Some of the younger relatives he had never seen before. He hadn’t seen his brother Hussam for 50 years; the last time he saw his brother Zuheir was in 1998. The rare family reunion was emotional – a video clip captures the embraces and outpouring of tears. Suddenly, he says, he got a call from an employee at his factory in Beit Furik, near Nablus. “I’m so sorry about what happened to Khalida,” she said. That was the first he heard about the arrest. He dropped everything and was in Ramallah within hours. The family gathering, planned to last two weeks, ended abruptly after two days.

    Khalida is incarcerated in Damon Prison, near Haifa. Her trial is scheduled to resume next Monday in the military court at the Ofer base, near Ramallah. She was interrogated for 20 days in a Shin Bet facility, and the results of the interrogation appear in the indictment. According to her husband, she wasn’t even asked about the fatal incident that took place at the West Bank spring in August. During her remand hearing, Ghassan managed to ask her a quick question: “Did you get your medications?” From past experience with his wife’s arrests, he’s always concerned about her getting her medicine; she suffers from blood-clotting problems.

    Why was she arrested again? Ghassan is convinced that Israel has decided to uproot the PFLP and imprison all its activists. For her part, her attorney, Sahar Francis, is certain the arrest is a political ploy aimed at vilifying human rights organizations that are still operating in the territories.

    Initially, a gag order, valid until December 31, was placed on the arrest of Jarrar and the other PFLP officials. The Shin Bet briefing that linked Jarrar to the killing of Shnerb took place on December 18; the gag order was lifted in its honor, ahead of schedule. Attorney Francis believes that there is a connection between the briefing about Jarrar’s supposed complicity in the murder and the fact that the day before, the American organization Human Rights Watch published a sharply worded report about the situation in the territories.

    Entitled “Born Without Civil Rights: Israel’s Use of Draconian Military Orders to Repress Palestinians in the West Bank,” the HRW report devotes a chapter to Khalida Jarrar and the history of her imprisonments. It concludes with a list of recommendations, among them that Israel should provide full protection of the human rights of Palestinians living in the West Bank. As for the Israeli army, it should “cease arresting and detaining people for their nonviolent exercise of their rights to free assembly, association and expression.” The report also recommends that Israeli military prosecutors stop charging persons under the Defense (Emergency) Regulations of 1945.

    The author of the report, Omar Shakir, director of the Israel-Palestine branch of HRW, was recently expelled from Israel.


  • En Libye, un échec européen

    Editorial. La spirale des ingérences étrangères dans le conflit libyen menace les équilibres maritimes en Méditerranée orientale, et la stabilité de l’Afrique du Nord et du Sahel. L’Europe, en étalant ses divisions, se prive de toute action efficace.

    Editorial du « Monde ». Un désastre géopolitique est en train d’ébranler les marches méridionales de l’Europe sous le regard impuissant d’une communauté internationale – et en particulier l’Union européenne – qui a lourdement failli. Le théâtre libyen, déjà en proie à un chaos récurrent depuis 2011, menace d’exploser en une conflagration régionale aux conséquences imprévisibles pour l’aire méditerranéenne. Comme pour la crise syrienne, les fractures internes du géant d’Afrique du Nord, grosso modo divisé entre deux pouvoirs régionaux rivaux – Tripolitaine (ouest) contre Cyrénaïque (est) –, sont exploitées et approfondies par des ingérences étrangères en pleine escalade.

    L’un des protagonistes de cette internationalisation du conflit libyen est la Turquie de Recep Tayyip Erdogan, qui conjugue sa dérive autoritaire avec une tentation expansionniste en Méditerranée orientale de plus en plus affirmée. Le chef d’Etat turc a multiplié ces derniers jours les déclarations martiales sur la Libye, menaçant de dépêcher des troupes à la rescousse du gouvernement d’accord national (GAN) de Faïez Sarraj, basé à Tripoli. Déjà, des informations plausibles font état de l’acheminement vers Tripoli de miliciens syriens proturcs, prélude à un possible envoi de troupes d’Ankara en janvier.
    Il faut sonner l’alarme face à cette poudrière qu’est devenue la Libye. La spirale des ingérences étrangères menace non seulement les équilibres maritimes en Méditerranée orientale, mais aussi la stabilité de l’Afrique du Nord et du Sahel. Il faut être lucide sur les responsabilités.
    Si un condominium turco-russe parvient à s’imposer en Libye, à l’instar de ce qui s’est produit dans le nord de la Syrie, l’Europe, aux premières loges, paiera le prix de son propre échec.

    • Le Monde dans toute son crétinisme partisan et de connivence…

      Il faut être lucide sur les responsabilités … pour le passé, c’est simple, c’est l’Union européenne qui a lourdement failli… Pas d’autre détail et donc rigoureusement AUCUNE mention du chantre de l’intervention en Libye.

      Pour le présent, c’est le grand méchant du moment, RTE qui est responsable. Faut-il rappeler que ça fait un tout petit peu plus d’un siècle que la Libye n’est plus ottomane ?

      Et dans la conclusion, l’autre grand croque-mitaine qui concourrait au condominium turco-russe. Bref, n’importe quoi, mais pas Poutine-Erdoğan !

  • La Bolivie expulse l’ambassadrice du Mexique et deux diplomates espagnols. Ils auraient préparé l’exfiltration de deux ministres du gouvernement Morales réfugiés à la résidence de l’ambassadrice.

    Presidencia interina de Bolivia expulsó a diplomáticos de México y España


    El gobierno interino de Bolivia declaró este lunes personas no gratas a la embajadora de México en Bolivia, María Teresa Mercado. También a los diplomáticos españoles Cristina Borreguero y Álvaro Fernández, junto a otro grupo de funcionarios.

    Jeanine Áñez, presidente interina de Bolivia, dio 72 horas a los diplomáticos para dejar el país luego de un reciente incidente.

    «Este grupo de representantes de los gobiernos de México y España ha lesionado gravemente la soberanía del pueblo y del gobierno constitucional de Bolivia», aseguró Áñez en una rueda de prensa.

    La medida llega después de que Bolivia denunció el viernes que funcionarios de la Embajada de Españaa acudieron acompañados de encapuchados a la residencia de Mercado. En ese lugar se encuentran algunos antiguos ministros de la etapa del ex presidente Evo Morales, procesados por acusaciones como terrorismo.

    Los encapuchados serían agentes especiales españoles. De acuerdo con las autoridades bolivianas se disponían a sacar clandestinamente de la legación diplomática mexicana a los ex funcionarios del gobierno de Morales.

    El objetivo principal de los agentes serían los ex ministros de Presidencia y Cultura, Juan Ramón Quintana y Wilma Alacona, respetivamente, contra quienes se han dictado órdenes de búsqueda y captura.

  • Le chinois Casil vend l’aéroport de Toulouse à Eiffage et réalise une grosse plus-value


    A l’automne, les actionnaires locaux avaient encore évoqué une « gestion strictement mercantile et à court terme » de la part du groupe chinois.

    Près de 200 millions d’euros : c’est la plus-value réalisée par le chinois Casil sur l’aéroport de Toulouse-Blagnac. Le groupe français Eiffage a en effet conclu, lundi 30 décembre, le rachat pour presque 500 millions d’euros des parts du groupe chinois dans l’aéroport du Sud-Ouest, le troisième du pays en matière de fréquentation.

    Cette acquisition vient conclure un feuilleton économico-diplomatique qui dure depuis 2015. A cette date, l’aéroport avait été privatisé et acheté à hauteur de 49,9 % par le groupe chinois Casil, pour un montant de 308 millions d’euros.