Penser le numérique : dix questions, dix débats, dix livres
Penser le numérique : dix questions, dix débats, dix livres
Opinion | Democracy Is Weakening Right in Front of Us - The New York Times
Pandemic privatization and digitalization in higher education | code acts in education
Although we recognize that digital technologies and private or commercial organizations can bring many benefits to HE, they also raise significant challenges with long-term implications for HE staff, students and institutions. Many of these challenges are long-term political and economic matters as much as they are short-term practical matters of online teaching
Intéressant échange entre Laurence Devillers et Yann Le Cun. Deux visions de l’IA. « On est encore loin de l’intelligence humaine ou animale » ▻https://www.la-croix.com/Sciences-et-ethique/On-encore-loin-lintelligence-humaine-animale-2021-02-01-1201138254
Un réseau d’eau potable victime d’un piratage informatique en Floride
Birmanie : face à la junte, la résistance numérique tient bon
Un signal faible de plus sur le fait que le modèle de la publicité numérique est en vraie difficulté. Plan social chez Criteo
Police Say They Can Use Facial Recognition, Despite Bans – The Markup
🚨 The battle inside Signal - Platformer
But Signal’s rapid growth has also been a cause for concern. In the months leading up to and following the 2020 US presidential election, Signal employees raised questions about the development and addition of new features that they fear will lead the platform to be used in dangerous and even harmful ways. But those warnings have largely gone unheeded, they told me, as the company has pursued a goal to hit 100 million active users and generate enough donations to secure Signal’s long-term future.
Employees have been told that for Signal to become self-sustaining, it will need to reach 100 million users. At that level, executives expect that donations will cover its costs and support the development of additional products that the company has considered, such as email or file storage.
Google pledges grants and facilities for COVID-19 vaccine programs | TechCrunch
Encore de la philanthropie pour Google, mais on préfèrerait qu’ils payent leurs impôts et que les représentants élus dépensent allouent l’argent...
Au Brésil, une fuite de données critiques déballe la vie de la quasi-totalité des citoyens - Cyberguerre
Les piratages de données représentent un risque numérique énorme et sous-estimé, il faut commencer par s’en rendre compte pour s’en protéger.
Témoignage : Cinq idées pour enseigner à distance autrement
After Covid, will digital learning be the new normal ? | Schools | The Guardian
For some, the resulting global edtech boom is long overdue. Andreas Schleicher, head of education at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), has described the pandemic as creating “a great moment” for learning. In May, New York governor Andrew Cuomo publicly questioned why physical classrooms still exist at all, as he announced that former Google CEO Eric Schmidt and Bill Gates would help rethink education in the state.
Sceptics, however, warn that a “digital divide” further widens existing attainment gaps and inequalities faced by disadvantaged children. Others say schools are ill-equipped to protect their pupils’ data, and that the growing role of commercial interests both within state education and through a booming direct-to-consumer edtech market amounts to privatisation by stealth.
Le covid ou la stratégie du choc
Critics like the writer Naomi Klein say the tech giants were quick to see Covid-19 as an opportunity to accelerate their ambitions in education. In June, for example, Microsoft published a position paper called Education Reimagined. It starts: “The fallout from Covid-19, continuing advances in digital technology, and intensifying pent-up demand for student-centred learning have combined to present an unprecedented opportunity to transform education across whole systems.”
Big data de l’éducation
Schleicher dismisses such fears. “When you watch Netflix you contribute to the data systems and that will help with customisation. That’s how big data works. I don’t think we should put education in a different box.”
Privatisation progressive de l’école
Edtech companies, both large and small, have seen major user number growth thanks to Covid-19. Critics fear this could lead to the erosion of some core principles of state provision. “If we understand privatisation as the provision by the private sector of services traditionally provided by the state, then during the pandemic, a vast part of schooling in the UK has been privatised,” says Ben Williamson, an education researcher at the University of Edinburgh. “Getting into schools, at very large scale, positions Google, Microsoft and others to keep rolling out their new model of ever-more digital schooling, based on data analytics, artificial intelligence and automated, adaptive functions.”
La voie du milieu : les technocritiques
Those voicing concerns stress they are not against digital tools per se. Rather they question the growing role of those with financial interests in edtech in determining how they are used and in shaping the way schools are run. “Big-tech billionaires have an oversized influence in shaping education policy,” says Watters. “Some of these companies pay very, very low taxes, and their responsibilities are to start contributing properly in taxes, not to provide free Chromebooks. We need schools to be more about what the public wants and not what edtech companies want them to look like.”
Facebook Is a Doomsday Machine - The Atlantic
Facebook’s megascale gives Zuckerberg an unprecedented degree of influence over the global population. If he isn’t the most powerful person on the planet, he’s very near the top. “It’s insane to have that much speechifying, silencing, and permitting power, not to mention being the ultimate holder of algorithms that determine the virality of anything on the internet,” Geltzer told me. “The thing he oversees has such an effect on cognition and people’s beliefs, which can change what they do with their nuclear weapons or their dollars.”
Facebook’s new oversight board, formed in response to backlash against the platform and tasked with making decisions concerning moderation and free expression, is an extension of that power. “The first 10 decisions they make will have more effect on speech in the country and the world than the next 10 decisions rendered by the U.S. Supreme Court,” Geltzer said. “That’s power. That’s real power.”
Digital 2021 Global Overview Report (January 2021) v01
Quelques notes :
– Pourquoi les gens utilisent internet (63% pour trouver de l’info, 56% pour garder contact avec famille et amis, 51% pour apprendre comment faire des choses)