• Israel Dismisses 2 Officers Over Deadly Drone Strikes On Aid Workers In Gaza | HuffPost Latest News

    The army declined to answer questions about whether similar violations of rules of engagement have taken place during the war — in which Palestinians, aid workers and international rights groups have repeatedly accused the army of recklessly striking civilians. More than 220 humanitarian workers have been killed in the conflict, according to the U.N.


    “Let’s be very clear. This is tragic, but it is not an anomaly,” Scott Paul, of Oxfam, said Thursday in a briefing with other relief organizations before the results of Israel’s investigation were released. “The killing of aid workers in Gaza has been systemic.”

  • VIDÉO. #Mongolie : près de cinq millions d’animaux tués à cause de l’hiver le plus froid depuis 50 ans - Le Parisien

    Si ce phénomène n’est pas nouveau en Mongolie, il est de plus en plus fréquent à cause du dérèglement climatique. Cela fait deux hivers d’affilée que le « #dzud » frappe le pays, le 6e en 10 d’après Alexander Matheou, directeur de l’IFRC pour l’Asie Pacifique (Fédération internationale des sociétés de la Croix Rouge et du Croissant Rouge), interrogé par CNN.


    These extreme seasons used to come once a decade.



  • Mardi 20/03/2024:

    U.S. Ambassador Claims Israel Is Abiding By American, International Law | HuffPost Latest News

    A U.S. official who read Lew’s cable told HuffPost that it made “an absurd argument.”

    “As Senator [Chris] Van Hollen [D-Md.] and other senators have tirelessly pointed out, the Israeli government is clearly in blatant violation of the requirements on NSM-20 and 620I,” the official said, referring respectively to Biden’s February policy and the older aid statute. The official cited ”the record-breaking rates of children killed and starved to death in Gaza.”

    Brian Finucane, a former State Department lawyer, reacted to Tuesday’s revelation by deeming Lew’s assessment almost comical.

    “I used to advise the State Department on law of war assurances,” Finucane wrote on X, formerly Twitter. “If Ambassador Lew buys these Israeli assurances, I have a bridge he’ll also be interested in purchasing.”


    Tuesday’s developments suggest the Biden administration is strongly committed to sustaining its Israel-Gaza policy […]

    #genocide_joe #états-unis #génocidaires

  • Biden Official Pushing Controversial Post-Gaza Plan | HuffPost Latest News

    100 jours plus tard, ils n’ont pas la moindre idée raisonnable de ce qu’ils veulent faire...

    Top White House official Brett McGurk is quietly floating a controversial plan to reconstruct Gaza after Israel’s assault concludes, HuffPost has learned, despite serious concerns from some officials inside the administration that it would sow the seeds for future instability in the region.

    In recent weeks, McGurk has been pitching national security officials on a plan suggesting an approximately 90-day timeline for what should happen once active fighting in Gaza ends, three U.S. officials said. It argues that stability can be achieved in the devastated Palestinian region if American, Israeli, Palestinian and Saudi officials launch an urgent diplomatic effort that prioritizes the establishment of Israel-Saudi ties, the officials continued. Such a development is widely referred to as “normalization,” given Saudi Arabia’s refusal to recognize Israel since its founding in 1948.

    There is a widespread belief that similar U.S.-led deals that involved Israel and other regional Arab governments — and that downplayed Palestinian concerns — have fueled anger and violence, including the Oct. 7 attack by Hamas and other Palestinian militants inside Israel.

    Still, U.S. President Joe Biden has echoed his predecessor Donald Trump in arguing that those agreements are vital for the region’s future. Biden’s focus on an Israel-Saudi pact has been especially alarming for Palestinians and officials working on Israeli-Palestinian peace. And McGurk’s accelerated timeline has only caused more concern.

    McGurk’s plan would use the incentive of aid for reconstruction from Saudi Arabia and possibly other wealthy Gulf countries like Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to pressure both the Palestinians and the Israelis, per the officials. In this vision, Palestinian leaders would agree to a new government for both Gaza and the occupied West Bank and to ratchet down their criticisms of Israel, while Israel would accept limited influence in Gaza.

    Foreign policy experts in the U.S. and global governments say that they understand the logic of uniting U.S. partners in the region who share a deep skepticism of Iran, a U.S. foe. Given Arab solidarity with Palestinians and its stature as the most influential country in the Muslim-majority world, Saudi Arabia would find it hard to publicly embrace Israel without being able to say that it helps the Palestinians. Meanwhile, building closer ties with historic enemies has long been a top Israeli objective, and the Palestinians have few options for and limited leverage over their international backers.

    But for years in the run-up to Oct. 7, experts were warning that the key to any settlement is meaningful progress for Palestinians toward statehood, not simply promises of additional economic support or limited Israeli concessions. Skeptics of McGurk’s effort to craft an Israel-Saudi deal said that Palestinian frustration over such an agreement could doom it and prompt cycles of unprecedented violence, and noted that Biden had refused to take even minimal steps to build U.S. credibility in the Palestinian territories, like reversing precedent-shattering pro-Israel moves by Trump.

    McGurk is leading post-war Gaza planning in Washington, and his proposal comes after initial discussions among a broad range of U.S. officials that did not so heavily emphasize a Saudi angle. McGurk’s suggestions reflect the Biden administration’s pre-Oct. 7 approach of treating the Palestinians as an afterthought, argued all three officials, who requested anonymity to describe sensitive internal discussions.

    “It misses the point,” one U.S. official said of the plan. Another said that McGurk has laid out his vision in a top-secret document shared in some circles of the Washington national security establishment — a plan that envisions Biden traveling to the region in the coming months on “a victory tour” to claim credit for an Israel-Saudi deal as an answer to Gaza’s pain. The document references a preliminary deal called “the Jerusalem-Jeddah Pact,” the official told HuffPost.

    “The clock [for the 90 days] starts when you can say, ‘Saudi and Israel have agreed on X,’” the first official added.

    “They really think they can utilize the reconstruction portion of this to ease the pain of normalizing with Saudi,” said a third official who works on regional policy, referring to the wariness of the Saudi public over a deal with Israel and the prospect of pro-Palestinian activism scuttling the agreement. “They want to show that Israel is giving more than they have before.”

    A recently conducted poll of Saudis by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy found that nearly 96% believe Arab states should cut any ties with Israel over its conduct in Gaza, and Saudi Arabia has long maintained that it will not establish ties with Israel unless the Israelis permit the establishment of a Palestinian state.

    Meanwhile, a host of other forces in the region would rage against an agreement perceived as sidelining Palestinians. That group includes the Houthis — the Yemeni militia that has crippled Red Sea shipping, citing concern for Gaza, and that the U.S. and allies launched airstrikes against on Thursday. “These plans are delusionally optimistic and have numerous spoilers and parties that will be unlikely to cooperate or do what the U.S. plans,” one U.S. official said, pointing to the Houthis but also Palestinians and Israelis

    “It seems to lack a lot of reality on where the Israeli government is headed,” the official working on regional policy continued, in a reference to hard-line statements from right-wing Israeli ministers and the country’s unprecedented crackdown on Palestinians both in Gaza and the occupied West Bank. “This is what happens when you put people at the top who lack a lot of historical and cultural context in the region.”

    Another U.S. official shared a similar view, telling HuffPost, “I’m not sure this is realistic with the Israelis,” though they noted Saudi “eagerness.” Secretary of State Antony Blinken this week told Israeli counterparts that he expects them to do more to achieve a Saudi-Israel pact than they would have had to do prior to their campaign in Gaza, The Times of Israel reported.

    A spokesperson for the U.S. National Security Council declined to provide comment for this story.

    Outside experts and some American and foreign officials are extremely skeptical that the U.S. will be able to win real support for a Saudi-Israel agreement from Palestinians, given the community’s horror over the Gaza crisis and Washington’s reported focus on reengineering Palestinian leadership from the outside with help from Arab partners.

    “There’s a lot of deja vu in what we’re hearing about the allegedly new thinking,” said Khaled Elgindy, an analyst at the Middle East Institute think tank and former adviser to the Palestinian leadership in Ramallah. “I have a hard time believing that the administration that misread the region for three years before Oct. 7 and certainly deprioritized the Palestinians … can understand Palestinian aspirations.”

    “Even if they did understand what was required, would any Palestinian leader be willing to trust them after they have facilitated the annihilation of Gaza?” Elgindy added.

    Biden administration officials are focused on bolstering the Palestinian Authority, which controls parts of the West Bank and works closely with Israel and the U.S., although it has not controlled Gaza since 2007 and is led by officials whom many Palestinians disdain. McGurk’s plan calls for developing a new cabinet for the body, one U.S. official said, and Washington is widely understood to be attempting to loosen the hold of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.

    “When they talk about revitalized leadership, someone other than Mahmoud Abbas but very, very similar in almost every other way” — in terms of ties to Israel and the U.S. — “the echoes of 2002 and 2003 are quite loud because it was exactly that thinking: If we could just reengineer Palestinian politics to diminish [Palestinian leader Yasser] Arafat’s power, all would be well,” Elgindy said. Abbas became the Palestinian Authority’s first prime minister in 2003, before becoming its president in 2005 and since then intensely centralizing his own power.

    Elgindy challenged the idea that the U.S. could seriously address Palestinian discontent by staffing the Palestinian Authority with more effective leaders, such as those seen as mostly focused on technical matters rather than politics like Salam Fayyad and Mohammad Mustafa. Technocratic experience “is important but what Palestinians are looking for is leadership. That is not Abbas; it is not these people,” he added. He envisions a figure who could have appeal across the spectrum of Palestinian politics, from the left to Hamas, but said that is “a disincentive for Israel” and that the U.S. would be “ambivalent” on the importance of that influence.

    “They’re just going to fall back on simple power: We can control the flow of funds, we’re the only ones who can convince Israel to do anything. That’s been the modus operandi of the U.S.-led peace process all along, but look where it’s gotten us,” Elgindy said.

    Blinken raised the idea of a new Palestinian Authority cabinet with Abbas this week and the Palestinian leader’s response was “poor,” a U.S. official told HuffPost. State Department spokesperson Matthew Miller disputed that presentation in an email to HuffPost, writing, “This account is false in every respect.”

    Beyond the McGurk gambit’s questionable chances of winning real Palestinian backing, the bid would likely face serious challenges on Capitol Hill.

    Lawmakers have repeatedly said their interest in helping Israel make friends in its neighborhood does not outweigh their concerns about what the U.S. would need to commit to in diplomacy for a Saudi-Israel pact — likely a binding American defense treaty with Saudi Arabia and U.S. assistance with a Saudi nuclear program, among other enticements. Congress would have to approve a treaty and could also scrutinize or bar other U.S.-Saudi deals.

    Calling Saudi Arabia “an authoritarian regime which regularly undermines U.S. interests in the region, has a deeply concerning human rights record, and has pursued an aggressive and reckless foreign policy agenda,” 20 senators urged Biden in an Oct. 4 letter to tread carefully in pursuing a Saudi-Israel agreement.

  • Biden Official Pushing Controversial Post-Gaza Plan | HuffPost Latest News

    Brett McGurk is pursuing a proposal to rebuild the Palestinian territory that focuses on a deal between Israel and Saudi Arabia, U.S. officials told HuffPost. Many say that plan would sow seeds of future instability in the region.

    […] Another U.S. official shared a similar view, telling HuffPost, “I’m not sure this is realistic with the Israelis,” though they noted Saudi “eagerness.”

  • US pressuring Switzerland to ignore Israeli war crimes | Al Mayadeen English

    #Israël et #conventions_de_Genève

    While “Israel” continues to massacre civilians unpunished, US State Department officials are discreetly attempting to impede efforts to increase global pressure on the occupation.

    State Department documents obtained by HuffPost indicate how US diplomats are finalizing a démarche to Switzerland that Washington hopes will cancel the preparations for an event to discuss Israeli violations of the Geneva Conventions in Palestine.

    Formal rulings that “Israel” breached the treaties in its US-backed war in Gaza would be a severe worldwide condemnation of both parties and would support the accusations of human rights groups that have amassed evidence that stands as proof of such violations.

    Switzerland, which has always been neutral, decides when meetings of the parties concerned to discuss compliance take place.

  • Obama Talks Pete Davidson, Aliens And ’Euphoria’ In PSA For Midterm Elections | HuffPost Latest News

    “We made the biggest investment in history to fight climate change,” said Obama, referring to President Joe Biden’s $369-billion reconciliation package. “We’ve forgiven billions of dollars in student loan debt. And we finally released that huge report about aliens…”

    “Oh, sorry, I mean Unidentified Aerial Phenomena,” Obama joked.

    That modern descriptor recently replaced the old acronym of UFO. In November 2021, the Department of Defense formed a new group for investigating and identifying these objects, with Congress holding the first public hearing on the matter in 50 years in May 2022.

    #UAP #UFO #PAN #Ovnis

  • Pour ceux qui ne lisent pas l’anglais (parce que je n’en ai pas trouvé clairement trace dans les articles français pour l’instant) : le scandale du moment suite à l’acquittement de Trump, c’est le fait que Mitch McConnell, le patron des Républicains au Sénat, qui avait fait savoir à l’avance qu’il voterait l’acquittement, est intervenu à la tribune tout juste dix minutes après avoir justement voté cet acquittement, pour déclarer qu’il considérait Donal Trump indéniablement responsable de l’attaque, c’est-à-dire coupable.

    Outre l’insupportable « incohérence » politicienne que cela dénote, c’est la lâcheté du procédé qui est commentée : si le bonhomme avait fait cette déclaration aussi clairement avant le vote, beaucoup plus de Républicains se seraient sentis contraints de voter la condamnation.

    Pelosi Bashes ’Pathetic’ McConnell For Creating His Own Trump Acquittal Excuse | HuffPost

    After the Senate vote, which was 10 senators short of convicting Trump, McConnell called the former president “practically and morally responsible” for the Capitol siege. Yet he voted to acquit Trump because he believes it is unconstitutional to convict a former president.

    Cependant, dans l’ambiance invraisemblablement polarisée des États-Unis, les Démocrates semblent totalement incapables d’utiliser ce procès et cet épisode comme la démonstration spectaculaire de l’effondrement moral des Républicains.

  • I’m A Scientist. I Can’t Even Get My Own Family And Friends To Follow #COVID-19 Rules. | HuffPost

    They know it’s a real and highly contagious virus, and they know about the guidelines. They’re just deciding not to follow them.

  • The Next Chapter For ’Me Too’ Is Here. Tarana Burke Says ’We All Can Play A Part.’ | HuffPost Australia

    Tarana Burke, the founder of the Me Too movement and a longtime activist, knows people are outraged ― and that many of them are overwhelmed. So she and the Me Too organization, in collaboration with creative data marketing agency FCB/SIX, are launching a new digital platform that allows activists, both longtime and newer to the movement, to educate themselves and get involved.
    Me Too Act Too is a crowd-sourced digital platform that gives “survivors, advocates and allies tools to work toward a world free of sexual violence,” according to the organization. The website is meant to be an accessible tool for people who may not see themselves as career activists or who do not have the ability to devote a large amount of time to this work.

    la plateforme en question : https://acttoo.metoomvmt.org

    #me_too #activisme #millitant

  • Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Gets Just 1 Minute To Deliver Remarks At The DNC
    08/12/2020 09:20 pm | HuffPost

    Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.), one of the most prominent and outspoken progressives in the Democratic Party, will have just one minute to deliver remarks at the virtual Democratic National Convention next week.

    The lawmaker’s address will be 60 seconds long, her spokesperson told HuffPost. She’s scheduled to speak on Tuesday. She will prerecord the address from her base in New York and write it herself with the blessing of the Democratic National Committee, according to Business Insider, which first reported the news.

    Ocasio-Cortez eloquently acknowledged the limited time slot, tweeting a poem by Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, “I have only just a minute.” The late Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-Md.) recited it during his first floor speech to Congress in 1996.

    “I only have a minute.
    Sixty seconds in it.
    Forced upon me, I did not choose it,
    But I know that I must use it.
    Give account if I abuse it.
    Suffer, if I lose it.

    Only a tiny little minute,
    But eternity is in it.”

    - Dr. Benjamin E. Mays
    (and recited by Elijah Cummings) 💜 https://t.co/ul9CE7NriV
    — Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (@AOC) August 12, 2020

    The convention, where presumptive Democratic nominee Joe Biden is slated to formally accept his presidential nomination, will be a dramatically scaled-back version of an event that typically draws tens of thousands of people to mark the start of the general election campaign. (...)


  • The Far-Right Helped Create The World’s Most Powerful Facial Recognition Technology | HuffPost

    Advanced facial recognition technology poses a mortal threat to privacy. It could grant the government, corporations and even average citizens the ability to capture a photo of anybody and, with a few keystrokes, uncover all kinds of personal details. So when The New York Times published an exposé about a shadowy facial recognition firm called Clearview AI in January, it seemed like the worst nightmare of privacy advocates had arrived. Clearview is the most powerful form of facial (...)

    #Clearview #Palantir #Paypal #algorithme #biométrie #manipulation #élections #facial #reconnaissance (...)


  • Why Gen X Women Aren’t Sleeping | HuffPost

    Hundreds of women wrote to me and said, me too! There was this looming sense that there was something wrong, and that they didn’t have a name for it. I was like, you’re all not crazy.

    You didn’t imagine that housing costs are really high. You didn’t imagine that you’re facing a much tougher economy than your parents did when they were your age. One statistic that stood out was that we only have a one in four chance of out-earning our boomer fathers. One in four? With all this education and Title IX and our mothers being like, you go be a doctor, it still didn’t happen for us. It’s not happening. So it’s not like we just individually failed. It’s like, there were some forces at work.

    It’s funny, I wrote this question down before I got to the part in the book when you meet a woman who goes to Sweden and discovers midlife utopia. I feel like every article about Scandinavia is about how perfect it is for families and women in general. Do you ever feel like the systems in place there are replicable here? I feel like the Gen X experience is very specific to America.

    I think so. I don’t know enough about other countries and how they work, but I do know it’s hard to pull off the things Gen X women are trying to pull off, and if they had any support at all from any corner, it would probably make things a little better. The friend who went to Sweden got there and found she didn’t have to worry about health care or child care. I think that wherever the support comes from, getting support is always good because the burden can be so big. It definitely doesn’t get rid of menopause, it doesn’t get rid of feeling like we are becoming more invisible or feeling things narrowing, but if you take a couple things off the plate, it gets a little more manageable.

    #sommeil #pauvreté #femmes #travailleuses #famille
    @touti @monolecte ça devrait vous intéresser... @reka pour la partie sur la Scandinavie, que je poste pour illustrer les causes sociales et politiques de ces problèmes « intimes » ou « psychologiques ».

    • Elizabeth Wurtzel and the Illusion of Gen-X Success - The New York Times

      In the early 1990s, when Elizabeth went from Harvard to The New Yorker to the outsize success of her first memoir, “Prozac Nation,’’ it was still reasonable to believe that the right combination of talent, drive and intellectual privilege would sustain a long, materially comfortable New York life in the arts, in publishing, in the academy. This was not merely youthful delusion; there were validating examples everywhere.

      Book parties, then the center of literary social life, dependably provided them. Invariably, they were thrown at the large apartments of marginally older writers, editors, agents, humanities professors — people who managed to parlay an early interest in Willa Cather or the Franco-Prussian War into a bohemian affluence that seemed to operate at a level of cruise control.

      The stressors now so palpably afflicting the creative class — how to pay for a child’s college education, or clarinet lessons, or a party without plastic cups — were nowhere in evidence. In the last decades of the 20th century, you were more likely to encounter a meerkat on West Broadway than a cash bar at a party for a hot first novel. It was easy to assume that real adulthood would take care of itself.

      Technology changed everything, of course. Magazines disappeared; editorial contracts shrunk; streaming meant that writing for film or television was no longer likely to make you rich. Writing books was just going to make you poor. Fashion, once the purview of art, became the property of Instagram. All of these profound reversals crashed up against the hard metrics of the city’s soaring housing market.

      In her new book, “Why We Can’t Sleep: Women’s New Midlife Crisis,’’ the writer Ada Calhoun delves into the professional and financial anxieties of women in their 40s and 50s, beginning with an account of her own challenges. Faced with the high cost of her family’s third-tier health care plan, the untenable nature of freelance life and mounting credit-card debt, she goes out looking for a “job-job,’’ only to find a teaching position for a six-week class that pays $600.

      These dispiriting stories are everywhere.

      Now in her 50s, she was living with her parents and working as a sales assistant at a J. Crew in a mall in New Jersey for minimum wage. She felt lucky.

      After “Prozac Nation’’ sold many thousands of copies and was adapted into a movie, and after she followed up with two more memoirs, Elizabeth Wurtzel went to law school in her 30s. Along with so many others on the same path, she amassed debt doing it.

  • The Minnesota Congresswoman Who Can Criticize Israel
    By Jessica Schulberg | 10/11/2019 | HuffPost

    Over the past few years, one member of Congress has stood up to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), denounced Israel’s policies, which she likened to “apartheid,” and pushed laws that would place humanitarian conditions on U.S. military aid to Israel. Human rights advocates praise her, and she is popular in her progressive district. But she is neither the face of the progressive left nor the bogeyman of Fox News. Unless you’ve lived in Minnesota — or read MinnPost — there’s a good chance you’ve never heard of her.

    Her name is Betty McCollum, and she has represented St. Paul for almost 20 years.

    President Donald Trump — who loves to attack Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.), one of the first Muslim congresswomen, for her criticism of Israel — has never once tweeted McCollum’s name. That the Democratic congresswoman who leads the vanguard of progressive U.S. policy toward Israel in Congress is not the subject of constant bad-faith attacks from the right is a testament to her pragmatism. But it also exposes the inconsistency of the outrage campaign directed at Omar and the other members of the so-called “Squad,” a group of progressive first-term lawmakers who are all women of color.

    “Rep. Omar has a history of launching virulent anti-Semitic screeds,” Trump claimed at a campaign rally in Minneapolis on Thursday. “She is a disgrace to our country and she is one of the big reasons that I am going to win and the Republican Party is going to win Minnesota in 13 months,” he continued.

    Trump’s attacks on the Squad, which also includes Reps. Rashida Tlaib (D-Mich.), Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) and Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.), “are intentionally done to rile up the racist instincts of a portion of his base,” said Dylan Williams, of the left-leaning pro-Israel group J Street. “This double standard that’s being applied to these congresswomen is very clear, and it’s not a standard that has been applied to other congressional critics of Israeli policy and the occupation.” Omar, who is Black, Muslim and an immigrant from Somalia, represents “a perfect storm of characteristics that they could try to attack and portray as the problem to a white evangelical base,” said Yousef Munayyer, the executive director of the U.S. Campaign for Palestinian Rights.

    “Rep. McCollum,” Munayyer added, “didn’t fit the poster.” (...)


  • Je fais appel aux magnifiques seenthisien·nes !

    Je me rappelle d’une #carte, que mon cher copain a prêté à quelqu’un et qui ne lui a jamais été retournée (sic), de #Sarajevo... une carte où on montrait la ville assiégée et les #jardins_potagers qui y étaient cultivés pour survivre...

    La question est la suivante : savez-vous si peut-être je peux retrouver cette carte quelque part ?
    Et autre question : je pense que ce phénomène de transformer les #parcs_urbains en jardins potagers lors de moments de crises n’est pas une spécialité de Sarajevo... Avez-vous d’autres exemples ? Dans d’autres lieux et/ou d’autres époques ?

    Merci !

    #alimentation #guerre #jardinage

    @simplicissimus @reka @odilon @fil

    • Je n’ai pas le temps de chercher @cdb_77 mais j’ai en tête des cas de sécheresse sévère où les éleveurs sont tentés d’emmener leurs troupeaux dans les parcs protégés pour qu’ils puissent s’alimenter. C’était l’an passé, au Kenya je crois, mais je ne sais pas s’ils ont obtenu satisfaction. Et en France aussi, certains éleveurs avaient exprimé une demande dans ce sens. Peut-être peut faire une recherche sur cette base.

    • Dans pas mal de villes, les interstices ont été utilisés pour une agriculture de subsistance. Marion Ernwein saura peut-être te donner des exemples. Baltimore et Detroit,...
      Pour la carte de Sarajevo, peut-être que Béatrice Tratnjek, qui a pas mal bossé sur la géo de la ville en guerre dans les Balkans, pourra t’aider ? http://geographie-ville-en-guerre.blogspot.com


    • Je ne sais pas s’il y a un rapport mais c’est intéressant :
      Inside London’s first underground farm | The Independent

      At a time when UK supermarkets haven taken to rationing vegetables as a result of a poor harvest in Southern Europe, one green-fingered duo have found a new solution to the healthy-eating problem: Grow your own greens, deep down below the City of London.

      If you get off the tube at Clapham Common and then step into a cage-like lift that takes you about 100ft below the bustling streets of South London, you’ll find yourself in Growing Underground, an urban farm, housed in a network of dark and dingy tunnels originally built as air-raid shelters during World War II.

    • A #Lisbonne, les parcs deviennent des #potagers_urbains

      A Lisbonne, la municipalité a réagi à la #crise en faisant le pari que l’agriculture urbaine pouvait avoir un rôle social. Des hectares d’espaces verts sont devenus des potagers urbains, et les parcelles attribuées sur critères sociaux à 500 familles. Une façon d’augmenter leurs revenus, tout en améliorant la résilience de la ville et en répondant au changement climatique.

      Et si l’agriculture urbaine pouvait avoir un rôle social ? C’est le pari qu’a fait la mairie de Lisbonne. Car avec la crise, « les gens quittaient la ville et la qualité de vie baissait », observe Duarte Mata, architecte et conseiller auprès du maire en espaces verts et développement durable.

      Depuis 2008, la municipalité a décidé de revoir son approche. Au programme : jardins, vergers et potagers urbains, parcs, corridors verts et pistes cyclables pour relier tous ces espaces de respiration.

      Sur 32 hectares d’espaces verts, 7 sont devenus des potagers ou des jardins urbains. Des parcelles de 50 mètres carrés pour les plus petites, 1500 mètres carrés pour les plus grandes, ont été attribuées à 500 familles. Le but est de doubler ce chiffre d’ici 2017.

      Compléter les revenus, améliorer l’alimentation

      Les plus grandes parcelles sont distribuées en priorité aux chômeurs ou personnes habitant des logements sociaux. « Elles ont vraiment un rôle social, insiste Duarte Mata. Elles permettent de compléter des revenus insuffisants et d’améliorer la qualité de l’alimentation de la famille. »

      Mais cela a aussi transformé le visage de la ville. Les pelouses vertes laissent peu à peu place à des jardins riches en biodiversité. Les occupants de parcelles ont l’obligation de laisser le passage aux promeneurs dans les allées. « Les parcs ont désormais plusieurs fonctions : récréative, mais aussi de production alimentaire, se félicite l’architecte. Et la présence de personnes dans les jardins crée un sentiment de sécurité pour tous. »

      Forte de ce succès, la ville est donc en train d’augmenter la surface des parcs, tout en diminuant les coûts d’entretien. Plus besoin d’arroser les pelouses tout l’été pour les garder bien vertes, ou d’arroser d’herbicides les allées. « Désormais, ce sont les citoyens qui s’occupent des parcs », se réjouit Duarte Mata. Des formations à l’agriculture biologique sont même proposées aux heureux occupants de parcelles.
      Faire face aux pénuries alimentaires et au changement climatique

      De quoi créer une ville plus verte, mais aussi plus résiliente. C’est ce que souligne un article des Centres de ressource en agriculture urbaine, qui résume le plan stratégique d’Agriculture urbaine de la capitale portugaise :

      « Ce plan souligne combien l’agriculture urbaine est importante pour une ville, principalement à cause de sa dépendance aux légumes frais, de la montée des cours internationaux, et du revenu supplémentaire que cela apporte aux familles. Un autre facteur (…) est que cela permet de faire face aux éventuelles pénuries alimentaires. (…) Vous ne savez jamais ce qui peut arriver – événements soudains, catastrophes naturelles ou guerres (…). Par exemple, Lisbonne est située dans une région sismique et subit fréquemment des tremblements de terre, dont un en 1755 qui fût l’un des pires de l’histoire humaine. »

      Résilience, et donc également adaptation au changement climatique. « Chaque année les pluies sont plus intenses, nous avons eu cinq inondations rien que cet hiver », souligne Duarte Mata. Les sols cultivés permettent d’absorber le trop plein d’eau et d’atténuer les conséquences des fortes averses. L’été, les jardins permettent à l’inverse de lutter contre les vagues de chaleur, elles aussi de plus en plus fréquentes.

      Lisbonne n’a donc pas l’intention de s’arrêter en si bon chemin. Trois hectares de vigne, situés dans la ville, sont entretenus par un vigneron de la région. « C’est beau, c’est agréable pour la population, et cela permet à la mairie de produire du vin de la ville », explique le conseiller.

      Mais surtout, d’ici un an c’est carrément une ferme urbaine qui devrait voir le jour. Six hectares de maraîchage seront consacrés à la formation des chômeurs. La production sera vendue sur le marché local.

      De quoi transformer le paysage social de la ville, mais aussi de « faire vivre les gens au rythme des saisons, de la nature », espère l’architecte.


    • Benjamin Vanderlick sur FB:

      je trouve une photo de terrasse potager à Sarajevo pendant le siège (mais n’ai pas de connaissance de carte qui les mentionnait). On a eu assez peu de sièges aussi long ces derniers temps pour qu’une agriculture urbaine s’organise au niveau urbain. Au moment de la 2e Guerre mondiale, il j’ai aussi eu des témoignages d’augmentation de surfaces cultivés dans les jardins, peut être même que cela était l’occasion de faire aussi un peu de business quand les revenus avaient chutés


    • Damascus Residents Build Gardens To Feed Themselves

      Disease and malnutrition run rampant and food is scarce in many rebel-held areas blockaded by the Syrian government.

      Green rooftops are popping up across Damascus in neighborhoods under government siege. With no sign of the blockade letting up and no available agricultural land, residents in the rebel-held areas of the capital are making use of open roofs, sunlight and seeds to feed their families

      Rebel-held areas on the outskirts of Damascus have endured more than two years of government blockades aimed at making them surrender or face the prospect of starvation. Disease and malnutrition run rampant and food is scarce.

      Like in many other such areas across the country, some residents of these besieged areas have mustered the will and energy to adapt and survive, often in ingeniously creative ways.

      Notably, rooftop gardens are popping up across the towns that are allowing people to find new ways of feeding themselves and their families. Green patches now dot the rooftops of southern Damascus neighborhoods like Yelda, Babila and Beit Sahem, areas of the capital that have been under government-imposed siege for nearly 24 months.


      #Syrie #Damas

    • "They tried to bury us, but they didn’t know we were SEEDS"

      The 15th Garden, a cross-border movement for food sovereignty in Syria

      Report of two presentations about “The 15th Garden” by Ansar Hevi. This report combines the presentation and discussions during a workshop at Reclaim the Seeds in Nijmegen on March 4 and a meeting in Amsterdam on March 6 2017.

      Ansar Hevi shared with us her story about the 15th Garden, a beautiful, inspiring project for food sovereignty in Syria, where people show their strength via self-organization in a country in war. “In order to understand this project, we have to understand what is happening in Syria”.

      Ansar showed a map of Syria - not one with occupied areas, which we always see in the news - but showing the agricultural produce. Based on this map the political situation and start of the was in Syria was explained. The media in Europe write about the violence and cruelties, but meanwhile the life goes on and so does the revolution. We were the first to watch the latest movie Field of Battle by Abou Naddara where we see farmers continuing their everyday work on the field, with the sounds of war - bombs and gunshots - close by. “They have to, because they are the ones who feed the people. If they stop farming, their community has no food.” and “Farming is about long term planning. Your work for the next 6 month.” Ansar explained how food is used as a weapon. But, as always, there is resistance from the people. She shows a picture from the south of Damascus which states: “One day we will blast the soil open with flowers. The Revolution continues.”

      In 2011, the uprising started in the countryside. On the 15th of March there was a demonstration in Damascus in solidarity with the people in Egypt. On the 18th of March, there were also demonstrations in the south. People were angry at the police. Children had sprayed graffiti on the walls of their schools with sentences they’d seen in Egypt. These children were taken away, tortured. Their parents protested and screamed hopelessly, but the governor told them: “Go home, and make new children.”

      It is remarkable that this were often regions were the Baath party from Assads father had been popular in the past because land reforms of this regime that was relatively socialistic in the ’70s. People had free health insurance, free education etc., but no political rights whatsoever. The government employed half of the working class. But in the meantime there were 17 secret services to control the population and each other. Also the agriculture sector was controlled by the state which is one of the reasons that it is so hard right now to start up local and an independent food production.

      Since the 1990s, Syria had become more and more liberal economically. There was a dictatorship with neo-liberal policies that aligned with the bourgeoisie elites of the country. Because of reduced financial support from abroad the regime had to reduce its expenses. This resulted in the dismantling of the social system. Still, Syria was food sovereign, but farmers had to produce more export, water-intense crops instead of food for the own population. Up until 2011, agriculture was the most important pillar of the economy with 27% of the GDP (in comparison with the industry, only 7% of the GDP). Before 2011, roughly 37% of the country was used for agriculture.

      But after the uprising in the countryside in 2011, everything changed. From the beginning food has been used as weapon to control the people. Around the first besieged cities the agricultural land was ruined. The army of Assad wrote on the walls “Starve or go down on your knees”. They started to undertake all kinds of methods to starve people and make them surrender. Food is used as weapon in various ways:

      – bakeries are bombed;
      – people in prison are starved;
      – fields are burned, right before harvest time;
      – seed banks are bombed, which makes many varieties, adapted to that specific climate over thousands of years, lost for ever;
      – agricultural fields around Kobani are mined;
      – fruit trees are cut and burned;
      – urban and rural communities are sieged;
      – ’policy of scorched earth’: the army goes to an area, burns the soil and forbids access to the area.

      In this way, farmers have been pushed to the cities more and more. They are unable to leave the city, and so they have no other option than to start urban city farms, often on a roof. “If you’re lucky, you have a taller building next to you, so you are protected against gunfire.” Syrians are proud people. “They don’t want to be objects of development aid - they want to be in charge of their own lives: that is food sovereignty.” In besieged areas, people even exchange their car for a kilo of rice.

      People do anything to obtain seeds, which they can sow in their (urban) gardens. These seeds have to be open pollinated seeds, so that the people can save more seeds for the next planting period.

      While the news is extensively covering the international refugee crisis, there is less attention to the people who remain in Syria, many of whom are living under siege. With their cities under attack, it can be extremely difficult to get basic necessities, like food and fresh products. The short movie ’Love during the siege’ gives a good impression of the life in a besieged neighbourhood.

      The 15th Garden is bringing life and vivacity back to these war-torn cities across Syria. It supports locals starting gardens in empty lots, teaching them skills, and provides assistance to existing urban and rural farms. Two main goals of 15th Garden is to get food to those trapped in cities while raising awareness about food sovereignty.

      In Europe the 15th Garden still has to explain people about the cruel situation in Syria. There is a lot of attention for IS. “But there is an important difference between IS and regime: IS is proud about their cruelties while the regime is hiding it. In the past years many more people have been killed and injured by the regime.” There are about 50 communities besieged by the regime and 2 by IS, in one case even together with the regime.

      One major obstacle has been the acquisition of seeds to get the garden projects started. The regime has always been centralised the distribution of seeds; farmers had to hand in their harvest and received new seeds the next season. And obviously the war situation and sieges made it even harder to get access the right seeds.

      Another problem at the start was the lack of knowledge. Many people in the urban areas didn’t know how to grow food. And this resulted in some disappointments as well. To spread the knowledge and to educate gardeners people in Syria publish and distribute newspapers, add tutorial on Youtube and use the radio to reach people.

      Ansar: “It’s beautiful to see the creativity of people, their passion, their will to make it work, and they manage!” Currently, the 15th Garden is also thinking on setting up ways to teach farmers to make and repair their own tools and machines. There are still many challenges, everybody in the network wants food sovereignty, during and after the war: decide about what you want to eat. access to land and to seeds.
      Support the 15th Garden

      In Amsterdam the presentation resulted in a talk about how people in the Netherlands can help and contribute to the network. Some ideas that have been mentioned:

      – Collect seeds to send to Syria. It is important to collect the right seeds: open pollinated, from crops that do grow in the Syrian climate and soil, preferably crops that people like to grow. It is better to have larger quantities of a few good crop than many small bags of many different crops. It would be best to organise the packaging and transport of the seeds before we start to collect them.

      – Help with the production of tutorials for the Syrian gardeners. A lot of info has already been shared on Youtube. There are still some topics uncovered.
      Similar support is also organised for other professions like fire fighters and doctors.

      – Spread the critical news about Syria. Also in the Netherlands people see the IS as the main problem in Syria while many more people are killed by the Assad regime. It would be good to spread the message that also Assad has to go to make peace possible. This can be done by contacting the media but as well by organising solidarity protests in the streets when something happened (again) in Syria and join Syrian protests in the cities in the Netherlands.
      At the meeting in Amsterdam there were as well people who could help with awareness programmes for schools or raise the topic within Syrian women organisations.

      – Raise money for the 15th Garden network. The network is doing a lot of good work but for some of their activities they need some money. A fundraiser can go well together with spreading information about the continuous struggle and revolution in Syria. This could for example be done by organising a benefit dinner. It is already possible to donate. Transfer money to:

      Bassateen e.V.
      IBAN: DE27 4306 0967 1182 7353 00 / BIC: GENODEM1GLS / GLS Bank
      (It is a German bank account. So it could be the case that there will be charges for international charges. Please check this with your bank!)

      – Invite Syrian refugees (and other refugees) to your existing garden project or start a new project with refugees. There are concrete plans to do this at a garden project at a refugees centre at the former Bijlmer Bajes.

      Please contact 15thgarden-nl@aseed.net if you would like to help with one of those ideas or if you have another idea to support the 15th Garden in the Netherlands.


    • Dig for Victory! New histories of wartime gardening in Britain

      Prompted by the curious fact that both progressive environmentalists and Conservative Party politicians have recently drawn on popular understandings of austerity associated with Britain?s wartime domestic gardening campaign, this article broadens the range of histories associated with #Dig_for_Victory. It suggests firstly that far from simply encouraging self-sufficiency, the government conceptualised Dig for Victory as requiring the extension of order and control into the domestic sphere. Second, it shows how the ideal figure of a national citizen digging for victory elided differentiated gender and class experiences of gardening, and finally the article demonstrates that statistics of food production were more about fostering trust than picturing the realities of vegetable growing. By so doing the paper illuminates the particular ways in which present-day articulations of Dig for Victory?s history are partial and selective.


      #UK #Angleterre

    • The kitchen garden movement on the Soviet home front, 1941–1945

      During World War II, Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union had thriving domestic gardening movements. Actively promoted by their governments, gardening was supposed to supplement diets and nourish the patriotic spirit. In the Soviet Union, however, gardening was much more than a patriotic duty; it was often a matter of survival, the primary means of supplementing near starvation bread rations. Amidst incomparable, catastrophic wartime conditions, the huge Soviet gardening movement was distinguished by the speed with which it was implemented and taken up, predominantly by women. Based on original archival and published sources, this article examines in depth the Soviet wartime legislative framework, material resources and propaganda that promoted individual kitchen gardens. The article analyzes the way the state organized and promoted individualist, small-scale urban horticulture – a politically risky initiative given that it conflicted with the Stalinist model of large-scale, industrialized agriculture – and argues that in promoting gardening self-sufficiency, the Soviet socialist state shifted much of its responsibilities for food production onto its citizenry. The article not only aims to shed new light on the crucial role gardening played in feeding a famished citizenry but also the distinctive way in which Soviet propaganda, in giving voice to the psychological satisfaction of gardening, tapped into women’s commitments to the family, in intimate alignment with patriotic, home front defence of the Soviet Motherland.


  • These Seesaws Were Built Across The U.S.-Mexico Border To Let Children Play Together
    By Alanna Vagianos | 07/30/2019 10:21 am | HuffPost

    Two California professors unveiled three pink seesaws that rest on the U.S.-Mexico border wall ― a playful and fun way to bring “joy, excitement and togetherness” to families on both sides of the border.

    Ronald Rael, an architecture professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and Virginia San Fratello, an associate professor of design at San Jose State, unveiled the three pink teeter-totters on Monday in an Instagram post. The installation was built in a slatted border fence that separates Sunland Park, New Mexico, and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, according to the University of California Press.

    • Border becomes backyard as Mexican kids and US playmates see-saw through fence

      A group of artists balanced children’s see-saws between the slats of the border fence which divides Ciudad Juarez in Chihuahua and Sunland Park in New Mexico on Sunday.

      Kids bounced up and down with playmates from the other side of the border while soldiers looked on.

      “Using the seesaw shows that we are equal and we can play together and enjoy ourselves, but also that the wall cuts the relationship between us. What happens in one place has an impact in the other and that’s what a seesaw does,” said Colorado-native Ronald Rael, the artist behind the installation.

      Rael, who works as a professor of architecture at the University of California, first came up with the idea eight years ago.

      The border has become an increasingly contentious topic since US President Donald Trump took office after he repeatedly pledged during his campaign to build a wall and make Mexico pay for it.

    • Usar un subibaja muestra que somos iguales. Y podemos estar juntos, jugando y divirtiéndonos. Y también, el muro corta estas relaciones que tenemos.

      Y, bueno, también mira,…

      Lo que hace alguien de un lado tiene impacto en el otro. Y eso es lo que es un semibaja. Exactamente eso.

      Hace como ocho años, diez años que me ocurrí esta idea. Y tengo dibujos. Y un dia dije : vamos à hacerlo, y… así.

      Yo soy de Colorado. Yo soy profesor en la Universidad de California. Yo soy profesor de arquitectura.

  • Nearly All U.S. Visa Applicants Now Required To Submit 5-Year Social Media History | HuffPost

    Hina Shamsi, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s National Security Project, said the new policy was a “dangerous and problematic proposal.”

    It “does nothing to protect security concerns but raises significant privacy concerns and First Amendment issues for citizens and immigrants,” Shamsi told the Times. “Research shows that this kind of monitoring has chilling effects, meaning that people are less likely to speak freely and connect with each other in online communities that are now essential to modern life.”

    #etats-unis #visas#démocratie#leadership #monde_libre

  • Land Grabs Are Partly To Blame For Skyrocketing Violence In Central America | HuffPost

    onduras is not the only country where this is happening. Large corporations have been taking control of rural land in many parts of the world over the last decade. That access is sometimes lawful but other times shadowy, and it is sometimes accompanied by brutal armed conflict against unarmed peasants. Globally, land grabs accelerated in the mid-2000s, putting a large number of smallholders in crisis. Large foreign corporations joined in, and there have been killings and terrorizing of smallholders who fight back.

    #landgrabing #honduras #accumulation_primitive

  • Facebook, Axios And NBC Paid This Guy To Whitewash #Wikipedia Pages | HuffPost

    The vast majority of the people who propose and make changes to Wikipedia are volunteers. A few people, however, have figured out how to manipulate Wikipedia’s supposedly neutral system to turn a profit.

    That’s Sussman’s business. And in just the past few years, companies including Axios, NBC, Nextdoor and Facebook’s PR firm have all paid him to manipulate public perception using a tool most people would never think to check.