News | Asylum Information Database


  • ECtHR blocks push back of Somali migrants from Malta to Libya following outcry from civil society

    On Tuesday, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) handed the Maltese government a Rule 39 interim order blocking the return of around 45 Somali migrants from Malta to Libya. The decision was prompted by an application brought by the Jesuit Refugee Service and People for Change Foundation, together with a number of supporting organisations. The ECtHR has given the Maltese government one month in which to give a full and individual consideration to the asylum applications of the migrants.
    #Malte #refoulement #renvois #expulsions #push-back #réfugiés_somaliens #justice #asile #migrations #réfugiés #CEDH

  • ODAE romand | La Suisse doit respecter les délais Dublin conformément à la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne de justice

    Dans un arrêt du 21 décembre 2017 (E-1998/2016), le TAF a admis le recours d’une famille irakienne renvoyée en Allemagne en application du Règlement Dublin. L’Allemagne avait certes accepté de les reprendre en charge, mais le SEM avait dépassé le délai de trois mois pour adresser la demande de réadmission à l’Allemagne. Ce grief a […]

    • Switzerland: Landmark ruling on asylum seekers’ right of appeal against Dublin III transfers brings Swiss court in line with CJEU practice

      The Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland (FAC) has departed from its previous case law concerning the right of asylum seekers to challenge the incorrect application of responsibility criteria under the Dublin III Regulation, thereby aligning the court’s practice with recent jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).

      In a landmark ruling released on 12 January 2018, the FAC approved the appeal of an Iraqi family whose asylum application in Switzerland had been dismissed on the grounds that they had previously filed an application for asylum in Germany. The State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) had concluded that Germany was the State responsible for processing the application after receiving confirmation of acceptance from the German authorities. The family had lodged a complaint against this decision, asserting that the responsibility criteria set forth in the Dublin III Regulation had been incorrectly applied as the SEM had missed the three-month deadline for submitting a take-charge request to the German authorities. The SEM had thus become responsible for the examination of the family’s asylum requests, and could not return the family to Germany.

      The basis for this decision lay in the controversial question of the admissibility of appeals regarding the incorrect application of responsibility criteria in the Dublin III Regulation. Previously, the FAC had distinguished between directly applicable and indirectly applicable responsibility criteria, with complaints relating to the latter being dismissed outright because these criteria were technical in nature and did not affect the individual legal positions of asylum seekers.

      However, in its judgments in Ghezelbash and Karim, the CJEU concluded that the right to an effective remedy under Article 27(1) of the Dublin III Regulation covers an asylum seeker’s right to appeal against a transfer decision by pleading the incorrect application of one of the criteria for determining responsibility.

      The Swiss judges stated in their judgment that Switzerland is not, in principle, bound by the jurisprudence of the CJEU concerning the Dublin III Regulation. However, they added that all signatories to the Regulation are obliged to strive towards the uniform application and interpretation of the legislation. To this end, under established case-law, departures from CJEU practice may only be made if there are strong grounds for doing so. In this case, the FAC concluded that no such grounds existed.
      #Dublin #délais_dublin #suisse #jurisprudence

  • Richiedenti asilo ed esiti in Europa: per gli afghani è “asylum lottery”

    Come è possibile che i richiedenti asilo afghani in Francia ottengano protezione nell’80% dei casi, mentre in Belgio solo il 60% scarso, in Germania meno del 50% e nella civile Norvegia meno del 40%, per non parlare del 30% che la medesima nazionalità ottiene in Bulgaria, dove le richieste di protezione presentate da cittadini afghani vengono ritenute «manifestamente infondate»?
    #2017 #loterie_De_l'asile #asile #migrations #réfugiés #statistiques #taux_De_reconnaissance #chiffres #réfugiés_afghans

  • Hungary: Dublin transfers suspended by Germany

    The German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) has suspended transfers to Hungary under the Dublin Regulation until further notice, on account of systematic detention, push backs and the lack of integration perspectives in the country.

    #Dublin #renvois #expulsions #Allemagne #renvois_Dublin #Hongrie #règlement_Dublin #asile #migrations #réfugiés

  • Amnesty | La détention d’une famille de réfugiés jugée contraire aux droits humains

    En mettant en détention un couple afghan et en plaçant leurs enfants en foyer, les autorités zougoises ont violé la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH). Le Tribunal fédéral a admis la plainte d’une famille de réfugiés pour violation du droit à la vie privée et familiale selon l’article 8 de la CEDH. Ce […]

  • Turkey : 2016 asylum statistics in DGMM annual report

    The Turkish Directorate-General of Migration Management (DGMM) has published its Annual Migration Report for 2016, which provides information inter alia on its international protection procedure established by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP) and on its temporary protection regime for persons fleeing Syria.
    #rapport #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Turquie #statistiques #chiffres #2016

    Lien vers le rapport (en turc) :

  • AIDA 2016 Update : Greece

    The updated country report on Greece provides a thorough analysis of the transformation of the Greek asylum system in the light of the closure of the Western Balkan route and the EU-Turkey statement. The report offers detailed statistics and practical insights into the workings of the asylum procedure, reception and detention of asylum seekers, as well as content of international protection.

    Substantial asylum reforms, many of which driven by the implementation of the EU-Turkey statement, took place in 2016. Law (L) 4375/2016, adopted in April 2016 and transposing the recast Asylum Procedures Directive into Greek law, was subsequently amended in June 2016 and March 2017, while a draft law transposing the recast Reception Conditions Directive has not been adopted yet.

    The impact of the EU-Turkey statement has been a de facto divide in the asylum procedures applied in Greece. Asylum seekers arriving after 20 March 2016 are subject to a fast-track border procedure and excluded from relocation in practice.

    Fast-track border procedure: One of the main modifications brought about by L 4375/2016 has been the establishment of an extremely truncated fast-track border procedure, applicable in exceptional cases. As underlined the fast-track procedure under derogation provisions in Law 4375/2016 does not provide adequate safeguards. In practice, fast-track border procedure applies to arrivals after 20 March 2016 and takes place in the Reception and Identification Centres (RIC) of Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Leros and Kos. Under the fast-track border procedure, which does not apply to Dublin family cases and vulnerable cases, interviews are also conducted by EASO staff, while the entire procedure at first and second instance has to be completed within 14 days. The procedure has predominantly taken the form of an admissibility procedure to examine whether applications may be dismissed on the ground that Turkey is a “safe third country” or a “first country of asylum”; although these concepts already existed in Greek law, they have only been applied following the EU-Turkey statement. The admissibility procedure started being applied to Syrian nationals in April 2016 and was only applied to other nationalities with a rate over 25% (e.g. Afghans, Iraqis) since the beginning of 2017. In the meantime, for nationalities with a rate below 25%, the procedure entails an examination of the application on the merits without prior admissibility assessment as of July 2016. A Joint Action Plan of the EU Coordinator on the implementation of certain provisions of the EU-Turkey statement recommends that Dublin family reunification cases be included in the fast-track border procedure and vulnerable cases be examined under an admissibility procedure.

    Appeals Committees reform: The composition of the Appeals Committees competent for examining appeals was modified by a June 2016 amendment to the April 2016 law, following reported EU pressure on Greece to respond to an overwhelming majority of decisions rebutting the presumption that Turkey is a “safe third country” or “first country of asylum” for asylum seekers. The June 2016 reform also deleted a previous possibility for the appellant to obtain an oral hearing before the Appeals Committees upon request. Applications for annulment have been submitted before the Council of State, invoking inter alia issues with regard to the constitutionality of the amendment. A recent reform in March 2017 enabled EASO staff to assist the Appeals Committees in the examination of appeals, despite criticism from civil society organisations. Since the operation of the (new) Appeals Committees on 21 July and until 31 December 2016, the recognition rate of international protection is no more than 0.4%. This may be an alarming finding as to the operation of an efficient and fair asylum procedure in Greece. Respectively, by 19 February 2017, 21 decisions on admissibility had been issued by the new Appeals Committees. As far as GCR is aware, all 21 decisions of the new Appeals Committees have confirmed the first-instance inadmissibility decision.

    Reception capacity: Despite the commitment of the Greek authorities to meet a target of 2,500 reception places dedicated to asylum seekers under the coordination of the National Centre for Social Solidarity (EKKA) by the end of 2014, this number has not been reached to date. As of January 2017, a total 1,896 places were available in 64 reception facilities mainly run by NGOs, out of which 1,312 are dedicated to unaccompanied children. As of 13 January 2017, 1,312 unaccompanied children were accommodated in long-term and transit shelters, while 1,301 unaccompanied children were waiting for a place. Out of the unaccompanied children on the waitlist, 277 were in closed reception facilities (RIC) and 18 detained in police stations under “protective custody”. A number of 20,000 accommodation places were gradually made available under a UNHCR accommodation scheme dedicated initially to relocation candidates and since July 2016 extended also to Dublin family reunification candidates and applicants belonging to vulnerable groups.

    Temporary accommodation sites: A number of temporary accommodation places were created on the mainland in order to address the pressing needs created after the imposition of border restrictions. However, the majority of these places consists of encampments and the conditions in temporary facilities on the mainland have been sharply criticised, as of the widely varying and often inadequate standards prevailing, both in terms of material conditions and security.

    Automatic detention policy: Following a change of policy announced at the beginning of 2015, the numbers of detained people have been reduced significantly during 2015. The launch of the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement has had an important impact on detention, resulting in a significant toughening of detention policy and the establishment of blanket detention of all newly arrived third-country nationals after 20 March 2016, followed by the imposition of an obligation to remain on the island, known as “geographical restriction”.

    Detention on “law-breaking conduct” grounds: A Police Circular issued on 18 June 2016 provided that third-country nationals residing on the islands with “law-breaking conduct” (παραβατική συμπεριφορά), will be transferred, on the basis of a decision of the local Director of the Police, approved by the Directorate of the Police, to pre-removal detention centers in the mainland where they will remain detained. Serious objections as raised as to whether in this case the administrative measure of immigration detention is used with a view to circumventing procedural safeguards established by criminal law. Moreover, GCR findings on-site do not confirm allegations of “law-breaking conduct” in the vast majority of the cases. A total 1,626 people had been transferred to mainland detention centres by the end of 2016.

    Humanitarian status for old procedure backlog: Article 22 L 4375/2016 provides that appellants who have lodged their asylum applications up to five years before the entry into force of L 4375/2016 (3 April 2016), and their examination is pending before the Backlog Committees, shall be granted a two-years residence status on humanitarian grounds, which can be renewed. Appellants granted with residence status on humanitarian grounds have the right to ask within two months from the notification of the decision for their asylum application to be examined in view of fulfilling the requirements international protection. Under Article 22 L 4375/2016, a total 4,935 decisions granting humanitarian residence permits have been issued by the end of 2016.
    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Grèce #fast-track #procédures_accélérées #logement #hébergement #procédure_d'asile #détention_administrative #rétention #accord_UE-Turquie #statistiques #chiffres

  • AIDA 2016 Update : Croatia

    The updated Country Report on Croatia documents the transformation of the Croatian asylum system following the closure of the Western Balkan route and the exponential rise in the number of asylum seekers entering Croatia compared to previous years. The closure of the route has also led to a substantial increase in incoming #Dublin requests and transfers, mainly from Austria, Switzerland and Germany.

    Due to the increase in the number of arrivals, the Reception Centres for Asylum Seekers in #Zagreb and #Kutina have reached close to, or in the case of Kutina full, capacity. A total 2,002 persons have been placed in accommodation in the centres in the course of last year. If the trend continues, reception capacities would be soon be full.

    Several organisations, including UNICEF, Doctors of the World (MdM), the Rehabilitation Centre for Stress and Trauma, the Croatian Red Cross, the Society for Psychological Assistance (SPA) and the Centre for Peace Studies, have reported great problems and major deficiencies in the provision of health care for asylum seekers and refugees. Due to deficiencies in the system, many organisations have targeted their activities in that direction.

    In relation to integration of refugees and foreigners under subsidiary protection into Croatian society, as in previous years, the greatest problems still relate to learning the Croatian language, healthcare, employment, education and accommodation. No language course has been organised throughout 2016.

    Beyond challenges facing those arriving in Croatia, a number of organisations, including ECRE, the “Welcome” Initiative, Are You Syrious, Human Rights Watch and Save the Children have reported that push backs from the Croatian territory to Serbia have occurred during 2016 and early 2017.
    #Croatie #asile #migrations #réfugiés #santé

  • AIDA 2016 Update : United Kingdom

    The updated Country Report on the United Kingdom tracks recent developments in practice and case law governing asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of protection.

    In the aftermath of a report by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England and a judgment of the Court of Appeal, the authorities issued a new policy guidance in July 2016 on the treatment of unaccompanied children. At the screening stage, where a person appears to an immigration officer or the Home Office caseworker to be under 18, policy guidance is that they are to be treated as a child. In case of doubt, the person should be treated as if are under 18 until there is sufficient evidence to the contrary. Where their appearance strongly suggests to the officer that they are significantly over 18, a second opinion must be sought from a senior officer. If they agree that the person is over 18, the asylum seeker is treated as an adult. In this case, an age assessment can be triggered by the young person or any third party referring to the local authority. However, the result of immediate treatment as an adult while this process is ongoing means that people who are in fact under 18 may be detained. New guidelines were also issued on family tracing. In addition to this, a new transfer scheme was introduced to share responsibility for the care of unaccompanied children across a greater number of local authorities. Although the Immigration Act 2016 allows for the scheme to be mandatory, it remains a voluntary process at the time of writing.

    The Immigration Act 2016 has introduced an obligation on the Home Office to issue guidance on the detention of vulnerable groups. Following a January 2016 report on the review of detention policy with regard to vulnerable groups (“#Shaw_review”) and calls to end the detention of pregnant women, the Immigration Act 2016 introduced a time limit for the detention of pregnant women and children. The Home Office published specific guidance concerning the detention of pregnant women in July 2016.

    A report issued by the Refugee Council named ‘England’s forgotten refugees’ has highlighted the fact that after the right to reception ends, many recognised beneficiaries of international protection end up in precarious situations marked by homelessness and destitution. It is acknowledged in the report that many refugees may not be aware that claims for welfare benefits usually take weeks to process and may not apply as soon as they are eligible, but recent reports show that in many cases the people advising them, employed by the department that processes claims, to advise that refugees are not able to make welfare benefits applications whilst still receiving asylum support. Additional barriers exist for refugees who have not opened a bank account; unable to do this without a regular income, they then face additional delays in welfare benefits payments which are usually made directly into a claimant’s bank account. Unless eligible for public housing, refugees’ access to the private rental sector is impeded in practice because of the lack of funds. Without specific schemes such as one operated by the Refugee Council in London, refugees are reliant on family, friends, refugee hosting schemes or members of their community to avoid street homelessness.

    The report also contains information on the new Immigration Act 2016, the interim instruction replacing the suspended Detained Fast Track procedure, the extended contracts for providers of reception, the Asylum Accommodation report of January 2017 and several other legal and policy developments.
    #UK #Angleterre #asile #migrations #réfugiés #détention_administrative #rétention #enfants #enfance #MNA #mineurs_non_accompagnés #vulnérabilité

  • AIDA 2016 Update : Poland

    The updated AIDA Country Report on Poland documents legislative reforms and developments throughout 2016 in relation to the asylum procedure, reception and detention, as well as content of protection.

    In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland. In August, representatives of the Polish Ombudsman conducted an unannounced inspection of the railway border crossing point in Terespol and stated that 5 families had explicitly declared their intention to apply for international protection, yet only one of them was admitted. During other interviews foreigners were describing situations or events which could indicate forced migration but again only in one case were the foreigners admitted.

    Problems with identification of vulnerabilities are reported both during the asylum procedure and during detention. During the asylum procedure a new vulnerability assessment is carried out by a Border Guard at the time of lodging an application. The officer screens the applicants to identify victims of trafficking in human beings or persons subject to torture. NGOs point out that this preliminary identification is conducted at the time of lodging asylum application, so often at the border, where the conditions are difficult. Some are of the opinion, that the questions from the application for international protection cannot be considered an early identification at all. Clear evidence that vulnerable persons are not identified correctly stems from the fact that victims of violence are still placed in detention, while the law prohibits the detention of such applicants. NGOs generally confirm that the system of identification envisaged in the law does not work in practice.

    In addition to this, 292 children were placed in detention in 2016. The best interests of the child is generally not taken into account in detention decisions. Children in detention in Poland have no access to adequate education.

    Poland did not relocate a single asylum seekers in 2016 and has repeatedly declared that it opposes the EU’s relocation mechanism. Since the last AIDA update, legislative reforms have taken place with respect to the provision of legal assistance, the rules of stay in reception centres and the amount of assistance for asylum seekers.

    “The refusal to participate in the EU’s relocation mechanism combined with problems to access the asylum procedure an even refoulement point towards a tendency to keep asylum seekers out of Poland. Added to this, problems such as malfunctioning vulnerability assessments and systematic detention of children show the asylum system in Poland to be excessively harsh for the weakest among the asylum seekers arriving in Poland,” says Ruben Fierens, AIDA Legal Officer.

    #Pologne #asile #migrations #réfugiés #procédure_d'asile #accueil #détention_administrative #rétention

  • AIDA 2016 Update : Belgium

    The updated Country Report on Belgium contains information on recent developments in case law and policy related to asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of international protection.

    Belgium not only increased its use of the #Dublin Regulation in 2016, but also repeatedly stated its intention to reinstate Dublin transfers to Greece in 2017, a practice halted in 2011 after Belgium was condemned by the European Court of Human Rights for a violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The State Secretary sees this measure as the “only way for candidate applicants to understand that they may not choose their country of asylum.”

    Belgium expanded its list of safe countries of origin to include Georgia and Albania, despite a ruling of the Council of State declaring the designation of Albania unlawful. A further extension of this list is to be expected with State Secretary of Asylum and Migration reiterating plans to take other EU Member States’ designations of safe countries into account.

    The pressure on the reception network in Belgium was artificially maintained by closing down multiple reception capacities in 2016 thereby reducing the reception capacity from 35,697 places in May 2016 to 26,362 places in January 2017.

    The increased use of detention on grounds of protection of public order has led to multiple occasions where detention was based on accusations that were later deemed untrue or which the judiciary decided not to prosecute. When courts later reviewed the legality of detention orders, they regularly ruled that they were illegal. On top of this, the State Secretary announced the establishment of closed centres for families close to the 127-Bis Repatriation Centre near the Brussels National Airport, with a view to carrying out returns, even though detaining children is currently prohibited under Belgian legislation.

    In April 2016 the Aliens Act was amended to restrict the duration of residence permits for beneficiaries of international protection. According to the new provision beneficiaries of international protection no longer receive permanent residence upon recognition, but a temporary right of residence of five years. Amendments also facilitated revoking the right to residence in Belgium.

    “The developments in 2016 clearly show the intent to discourage people from seeking asylum in Belgium as far as possible by lowering protection standards, shortening procedures and increasing the use of detention and Dublin. The government’s intention to detain children, add countries to the safe countries of origin list and apply the barely used cessation clauses more strictly, already offers a view on the future of Belgium’s asylum system,” says Ruben Fierens, AIDA Legal Officer.
    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Belgique #Grèce #renvois #expulsions #renvois_Dublin #pays_sûrs #liste_des_pays_sûrs #Albanie #Géorgie #logement #hébergement #détention_administrative #rétention

  • AIDA 2016 Update : Bulgaria

    The updated AIDA Country Report on Bulgaria documents recent legislative reforms and developments in relation to the asylum procedure, reception and detention, as well as integration.

    Bulgaria registered 19,418 asylum applications last year, mainly from Afghan, Syrians and Iraqi nationals. Yet Afghans have overwhelmingly seen their claims rejected, as they have been treated as a “manifestly unfounded” nationality by the State Agency for Refugees (SAR) in 2016. Only 2.5% of Afghan asylum seekers received a positive decision in Bulgaria.

    Single asylum procedure: Several major changes were introduced into the national asylum system in the end of 2015 as a result of the still ongoing transposition of recast EU Directives, The most important change relates to the unification of asylum procedure stages in one, single regular procedure. Dublin and accelerated procedures are now considered as non-mandatory phases of the status determination.

    Access to the territory: Regarding asylum seekers’ access to territory and procedure, the national situation has remained unchanged. The Bulgarian police continue to apprehend irregular arrivals, to fingerprint and detain them for deportation.

    Accommodation: Until mid-2016 the national reception centres’ population gradually increased from 12% of occupancy as of 31 January 2016 to reach a 35% occupancy as of 31 July 2016. This situation remained until the beginning of August 2016 when the Serbian border authorities fully closed their border with Bulgaria. This resulted in a gradual increase of the reception centres population, reaching by the end of September 2016 an occupancy of 110%. It resulted in overcrowded facilities and additional deterioration of already poor sanitary and living conditions in the majority of the centres.

    Asylum detention: As of 1 January 2016, the law allows for detention of asylum seekers in accordance with the recast Reception Conditions Directive. Following riots in Harmanli in August and November 2016, two “closed reception centres” have been opened with a view to detaining asylum seekers.

    Integration support: Following a third “zero integration” year since the end of 2013, in December 2016 the government finally introduced a long-expected Integration Decree, with respect to integration of recognised individuals. It envisage funding for municipalities to which the integration of refugees and subsidiary protection holders is entrusted. However, these legal provisions remain futile and out of use as none of 265 local municipalities nationwide has so far applied for such funding in order to commence the integration process with any of those granted in Bulgaria either of the two international protection types.
    #Bulgarie #asile #migrations #réfugiés #rétention #détention_administrative #logement #hébergement #accueil #procédure_d'asile

  • Greece : New report on detention monitoring

    A new report published by Aitima today documents developments in relation to detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in Greece. The report compiles findings of detention monitoring conducted by Aitima from September 2015 to September 2016.

    #rapport #asile #migrations #réfugiés #détention_administrative #rétention #Grèce

    Lien pour télécharger le rapport :

  • Communiqué | Le Conseil fédéral adopte le rapport sur l’admission provisoire et les personnes à protéger

    Le Conseil fédéral a adopté ce mercredi 12 octobre le rapport « Admission provisoire et personnes à protéger : analyse et possibilités d’action ». Établi en réponse à trois postulats, ce document décrit la situation actuelle et ouvre des pistes pour améliorer le statut de l’admission provisoire, que beaucoup perçoivent comme insatisfaisant.

  • Length of asylum procedures : new AIDA briefing

    A new legal briefing published today examines the length of asylum procedures across 20 European countries. The recent rise in large-scale arrivals in Europe has fuelled debates on the rapidity and efficiency of the Common European Asylum System and Member States’ migration management efforts. It is, however, doubtful whether speed is appropriate, or even realistic, as a criterion of efficiency for asylum procedures, in isolation from questions of quality.

    #procédure_d'asile #comparaison #durée #rapport #durée_des_procédures_d'asile #EU #Europe #durée_de_la_procédure_d'asile #UE

    Pour télécharger le rapport :

  • Greece: asylum reform in the wake of the EU-Turkey deal

    Greek Law 4375/2016 was adopted under urgent procedure on Friday and entered into force yesterday, amid debate and speculation around the legal reforms needed for the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal of 18 March. The Law introduces a considerable number of changes to the institutional framework, the first reception procedures, the asylum procedure, the labour rights of beneficiaries of international protection, as well as the management of refugee flows in Greece.
    #Grèce #asile #migrations #réfugiés #droit_d'asile

  • AIDA Report Serbia : Transit for many, asylum for a handful

    AIDA has published a new country report on Serbia, written by the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights. Serbia is the 19th European country to join AIDA.

    The report details the workings of the Serbian asylum system, set out by the Law on Asylum of 2007 and relevant legislation. While legislation is deemed to be generally in line with international standards, its poor implementation accounts for deficiencies in the procedure and treatment of asylum seekers.

    Throughout the summer, there was a significant rise in the number of persons “expressing the intention to seek asylum” in Serbia. This status requires prospective applicants to report to one of the five Asylum Centres in the country within 72 hours, with a view to undergoing registration and submitting their asylum application. Out of 577,995 intentions to seek asylum expressed in 2015, only 583 resulted in submitted applications.

    However, in September 2015, Serbia introduced a special legal status for persons transiting through the country with the intention of travelling on to other countries. These people were issued with “certificates for migrants coming from countries where their lives are in danger”. This measure has visibly led to a decrease in the number of persons expressing the intention to seek asylum in Serbia, as only 475 such intentions were expressed in the course of January 2016.

    Serbia has offered limited protection to those fleeing persecution or serious harm so far. Since the establishment of the Asylum Office in 2008, only 48 persons have been granted international protection; 30 of those were recognised in 2015. International protection has been granted mainly to Syrian, Libyan and Ukrainian nationals. The report also mentions barriers to access to the protection, including denial of access to the procedure for asylum seekers returned from Hungary.

    #Serbie #asile #migrations #réfugiés #procédure_d'asile