Tells the Facts, Names the Names

/2014

  • Un éclairage (documenté) sur les derniers assassinats commis par les « forces de l’ordre » aux Etats-Unis parmi la population noire — la plus pauvre du pays —, et sur le racisme qui imprègne depuis toujours la société américaine :

    « Indict the System » | CounterPunch

    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/12/08/indict-the-system


    Unfortunately, this is only scratching the surface. There have been more black Americans whose lives have been taken from them—so many, many more. (...)

    Racism never went away. Signing a piece of paper that purports to guarantee equal rights to all citizens, regardless of race and ethnicity, does not magically whisk away the white supremacist accretions that have been embedded into the very substrata of the fundamental institutions upon which the present economic, social, and political order has been constructed. To those at the receiving end of racial oppression, the fantastical nature of Post-Racial America™ has always been obvious. In the past few months, however, many more Americans have gotten their first glimpse of this grotesque racism, manifest in a multitude of murders of unarmed black men at the hands of white police.

    #US #violence #police #Afro-Américains #racisme #inégalités

  • War by Media and the Triumph of Propaganda » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/12/05/war-by-media-and-the-triumph-of-propaganda

    In 2003, I filmed an interview in Washington with Charles Lewis, the distinguished American investigative journalist. We discussed the invasion of Iraq a few months earlier. I asked him, “What if the freest media in the world had seriously challenged George Bush and Donald Rumsfeld and investigated their claims, instead of channeling what turned out to be crude propaganda?”

    He replied that if we journalists had done our job “there is a very, very good chance we would have not gone to war in Iraq.”

    That’s a shocking statement, and one supported by other famous journalists to whom I put the same question. Dan Rather, formerly of CBS, gave me the same answer. David Rose of the Observer and senior journalists and producers in the BBC, who wished to remain anonymous, gave me the same answer.

    In other words, had journalists done their job, had they questioned and investigated the propaganda instead of amplifying it, hundreds of thousands of men, women and children might be alive today; and millions might not have fled their homes; the sectarian war between Sunni and Shia might not have ignited, and the infamous Islamic State might not now exist.

    (...)

    The main whistleblower during this terrible, silent period was Denis Halliday. Then Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations and the senior UN official in Iraq, Halliday resigned rather than implement policies he described as genocidal. He estimates that sanctions killed more than a million Iraqis.

    What then happened to Halliday was instructive. He was airbrushed. Or he was vilified. On the BBC’s Newsnight programme, the presenter Jeremy Paxman shouted at him: “Aren’t you just an apologist for Saddam Hussein?” The Guardian recently described this as one of Paxman’s “memorable moments”. Last week, Paxman signed a £1 million book deal.

    #propagande #média

  • Shlomo Sand to secular Jews: I’m not Jewish and neither are you - Books Israel News | Haaretz

    http://www.haaretz.com/life/books/.premium-1.626312

    Shlomo Sand to secular Jews: I’m not Jewish and neither are you
    In his new book, the controversial historian challenges secular and anti-Zionist Jews to define their identity.

    #shlomo_sand for ever

    • Missing in Action After the Storm Over the « Invention of the Jewish People »
      Whatever Happened to Shlomo Sand ?
      by PAUL ATWOOD
      http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/02/14/whatever-happened-to-shlomo-sand

      Since publication (of The Invention of the Jewish People ) Sand appears to have gone underground. I, at least, have tried to find an address whereby to contact him but have been unable to do so and this causes me to wonder whether the extremely hostile response he has engendered has forced him to bunker down.

      En Allemagne nous sommes confrontés à la diffamation systématique de tout et chacun défendant des thèses qui ressemblent seulement de loin à celles de Sand : Tu parles sur un ton un peu engagé en faveur des droit humains pour les palestiniens, tu es journaliste, ta carrière est finie. Tu es un invité étranger à une discussion publique, on annule la réservation de la salle sur intervention d’un politicien haut placé du parti ... (mettez ici le nom du parti qui vous convient, le résultat sera le même).

      Bref critiquer sérieusement Israel en Allemagne équivaut à se situer hors du context politique et journalistique officiel. Ton audience se limite désormais aux quelques radicaux et libre-penseurs convaincus du bien fondé de tes arguments.

      C’est malheureux pour les Allemands qui par manque de connaissances en langues étrangères ne lisent que des publications en allemand, c’est malheureux pour la culture politique en Allemagne où les idées discutées en public se développent dans un sens rétrograde depuis l’éradication de la concurrence idéologique par la RDA, depuis la récupération du mouvement populaire à l’Est par la droite et depuis les purges chez les verts il y a vingt ans environ.

      Heureusement chez nous les dissidents critiques à la ligne officielle ne sont pas encore obligés de choisir la clandestinité pour se protéger contre les atteintes à leur intégrité physique.

      #allemagne #israel #dissidence

  • The #CIA and Drugs, Inc.: a Covert History » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/11/07/the-cia-and-drugs-inc-a-covert-history

    The CIA’s involvement in the Far East drug trade began with its predecessor organization, the Office of Strategic Services, which supplied Iranian opium to Burmese guerrillas fighting the Japanese. This is no secret: General William Peers, commander of #OSS Detachment 101 in Burma, confessed in his autobiography: “If opium could be useful in achieving victory, the pattern was clear. We would use opium.”

    #Etats-Unis #drogues #exceptionnalisme ##leadership#nos_valeurs

  • War in Whose Interest?
    by CONN HALLINAN
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/09/19/war-in-whose-interest

    What is going on? Did some Greek open a box she shouldn’t have? Is the Obama administration—take your choice—incompetent? Trying to wind down two of America’s longest wars? Giving liberal cover to a neo-conservative strategy to re-institute a new cold war? Following an agenda?

    How about all of them?

    There certainly has been #incompetence. The 2009 surge into Afghanistan did nothing but kill a lot of people, and the Libya intervention substituted #Chaos Theory for diplomacy.

    It is also true that old wars are winding down. In 2008 there were 110,000 U.S. troops in Afghanistan and 182,000 in Iraq. By the end of 2014 there will be no U.S. troops in Afghanistan, and—at this time—only a handful in Iraq.

    Cover for the #neo-cons? The Obama administration did help engineer the coup in Ukraine, and Assistant Secretary of State #Victoria_Nuland —who oversaw the action and handpicked the interim coup president—was Dick Cheney’s principle foreign policy advisor.

    And the U.S. certainly has an #agenda, which may best be summed up by 19th century British Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary Henry Lord Palmerston—England’s hammer of empire, who oversaw the Opium Wars with China and the Crimean War with Russia: “We have no eternal allies and we have no eternal enemies. Our interests are eternal and perpetual, and these interests it is our duty to follow.”

    #intérêts

  • Comment la populaire #Marche pour le #Climat est devenue une campagne de relations publiques d’entreprises
    (et comment ça fait curieusement penser à ce qui se dénonce autour d’ #Alternatiba : en fait si on dénonce les supermarchés depuis longtemps, c’est p’t’être pas pour voir la même chose dans les causes ou campagnes !)

    #best_quote : "Néanmoins, pour citer Han Solo, « J’ai un mauvais pré-sentiment à ce sujet. » "

    « L’image (et non l’idéologie) vient en premier et façonne la réalité. Le PR et de marketing détermine les tactiques, la messagerie, l’organisation, et la stratégie. Que cela puisse avoir un effet positif est une question différente, et c’est pourquoi je vous encourage tous à participer. L’avenir est inconnaissable. »

    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/09/19/how-the-peoples-climate-march-became-a-corporate-pr-campaign

  • A Response to #Elie_Wiesel
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/09/09/a-response-to-elie-wiesel

    Mr. Wiesel,

    I read your statement about Palestinians, which appeared in The New York Times on August 4th. I cannot help feeling that your attack against Hamas and stunning accusations of child sacrifice are really an attack, carefully veiled but unmistakable, against all Palestinians, their children included.

    As a child of Holocaust survivors—both my parents survived Auschwitz—I am appalled by your anti-Palestinian position, one I know you have long held. I have always wanted to ask you, why? What crime have Palestinians committed in your eyes? Exposing #Israel as an occupier and themselves as its nearly defenseless victims? Resisting a near half century of #oppression imposed by Jews and through such #resistance forcing us as a people to confront our lost #innocence (to which you so tenaciously cling)?

  • The Roots of Police Militarization
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/08/28/the-roots-of-police-militarization

    It’s certainly true that the post-9/11 security state and the Global War on Terror have flooded police forces with surplus military equipment, increased the prevalence of military cross-training (including “counter-terrorism” training by Israeli military personnel encouraging American police forces to view their communities in much the same way Israeli security forces view the Palestinians in Gaza).

    But the roots of police militarization go back way further than 9/11 - all the way back to the aftermath of insurrections by the black populations of major American cities in the 1960s and the American political elite’s desire to ensure that nothing like that ever happened again.

  • Why Washington’s War on Terror Failed » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/08/21/why-washingtons-war-on-terror-failed

    ... Jihadi groups ideologically close to al-Qa‘ida have been relabeled as moderate if their actions are deemed supportive of U.S. policy aims. In Syria, the Americans backed a plan by Saudi Arabia to build up a “Southern Front” based in Jordan that would be hostile to the Assad government in Damascus, and simultaneously hostile to al-Qa‘ida-type rebels in the north and east. The powerful but supposedly moderate Yarmouk Brigade, reportedly the planned recipient of anti-aircraft missiles from Saudi Arabia, was intended to be the leading element in this new formation. But numerous videos show that the Yarmouk Brigade has frequently fought in collaboration with JAN, the official al-Qa‘ida affiliate. Since it was likely that, in the midst of battle, these two groups would share their munitions, Washington was effectively allowing advanced weaponry to be handed over to its deadliest enemy. Iraqi officials confirm that they have captured sophisticated arms from ISIS fighters in Iraq that were originally supplied by outside powers to forces considered to be anti-al-Qa‘ida in Syria.

    The name al-Qa‘ida has always been applied flexibly when identifying an enemy. In 2003 and 2004 in Iraq, as armed Iraqi opposition to the American and British-led occupation mounted, U.S. officials attributed most attacks to al-Qa‘ida, though many were carried out by nationalist and Baathist groups. Propaganda like this helped to persuade nearly 60% of U.S. voters prior to the Iraq invasion that there was a connection between Saddam Hussein and those responsible for 9/11, despite the absence of any evidence for this. In Iraq itself, indeed throughout the entire Muslim world, these accusations have benefited al-Qa‘ida by exaggerating its role in the resistance to the U.S. and British occupation.

    Precisely the opposite PR tactics were employed by Western governments in 2011 in Libya, where any similarity between al-Qa‘ida and the NATO-backed rebels fighting to overthrow the Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, was played down. Only those jihadis who had a direct operational link to the al-Qa‘ida “core” of Osama bin Laden were deemed to be dangerous. The falsity of the pretense that the anti-Gaddafi jihadis in Libya were less threatening than those in direct contact with al-Qa‘ida was forcefully, if tragically, exposed when U.S. ambassador Chris Stevens was killed by jihadi fighters in Benghazi in September 2012. These were the same fighters lauded by Western governments and media for their role in the anti-Gaddafi uprising.

    Al-Qa‘ida is an idea rather than an organization, and this has long been the case. For a five-year period after 1996, it did have cadres, resources, and camps in Afghanistan, but these were eliminated after the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001. Subsequently, al-Qa‘ida’s name became primarily a rallying cry, a set of Islamic beliefs, centering on the creation of an Islamic state, the imposition of sharia, a return to Islamic customs, the subjugation of women, and the waging of holy war against other Muslims, notably the Shia, who are considered heretics worthy of death. At the center of this doctrine for making war is an emphasis on self-sacrifice and martyrdom as a symbol of religious faith and commitment. This has resulted in using untrained but fanatical believers as suicide bombers, to devastating effect.

    It has always been in the interest of the U.S. and other governments that al-Qa‘ida be viewed as having a command-and-control structure like a mini-Pentagon, or like the mafia in America. This is a comforting image for the public because organized groups, however demonic, can be tracked down and eliminated through imprisonment or death. More alarming is the reality of a movement whose adherents are self-recruited and can spring up anywhere.

    • The “war on terror” has failed because it did not target the jihadi movement as a whole and, above all, was not aimed at Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, the two countries that fostered jihadism as a creed and a movement. The U.S. did not do so because these countries were important American allies whom it did not want to offend. Saudi Arabia is an enormous market for American arms, and the Saudis have cultivated, and on occasion purchased, influential members of the American political establishment. Pakistan is a nuclear power with a population of 180 million and a military with close links to the Pentagon.

  • #Palestine, #Israel and #CNN » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/08/19/palestine-israel-and-cnn

    An article in the August 18 edition of CNN indicates clearly the kind of misinformation the news media is presenting about the situation, with much of it including half-truths, omissions and distortions that may be more damaging that outright lies. The following are some examples, with commentary.

    It’s unclear how many of the dead were militants. The United Nations has estimated that about 70% were civilians, but Israel has estimated a higher number of militants .”

    Note that CNN did not include any comment on Palestinian estimates, which state that far more than 70% of the victims were civilians. In the view of CNN, only United Nations and Israeli estimates are worth reporting.

    Israel blames Hamas for civilian deaths, saying militants fire rockets from civilian areas and encourage people to stay despite Israeli warnings of impending attacks.

    There is no rebuttal from Palestine; CNN didn’t bother to say that Palestinians deny these charges.

    From the first day, the Israeli delegation to Cairo has worked under very clear instructions, to remain steadfast on Israel’s security needs,’ Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Sunday.

    CNN continues to foster the fantasy that the very existence of a poor, vulnerable little Israel is in grave danger from big, bad Palestine. It makes no mention of the fact that Israel has the most modern weaponry on the planet, provided by the United States, or that Israel receives $3 billion a year in aid from the U.S., while Palestine receives nothing. It also doesn’t mention that many of the weapons used against Palestinians citizens are in violation of international law.

    Palestinians say they want an end to Israel’s blockade of Gaza, which they say is suffocating the economy of the small, impoverished strip of land and the lives of its inhabitants.

    Note the phrase ‘they say’, as if there is some doubt about this. The United Nations has condemned this blockade, because it is, indeed, suffocating the economy in the Gaza Strip.

    But Israeli authorities — who retain control of Gaza’s airspace, Mediterranean waters and their shared border — say that releasing their grip on what goes into and out of the territory is too risky as things stand.

    CNN fails to mention that the only border not mentioned in this sentence, that with Egypt, is controlled by Egypt, which does Israel’s bidding. So, in effect, Israel controls all the borders of the Gaza Stip.

    Israel and Hamas, which have fought three major conflicts in the past six years, both seem to be dug in, refusing to give ground on their key demands.

    It isn’t Israel and Hamas; it is Israel and Palestine. If CNN insists in referring to the Palestinians as ‘Hamas’, then it must refer to Israel as ‘Likud’. Hamas is the party in control of the Gaza Strip; Likud is the party in control of Israel.

    Also, to say that they ‘have fought three major conflicts’ is also untrue. The Gaza Strip has suffered and endured three major bombardments by Israel, killing thousands of Palestinians. Genocide is not a ‘conflict’. It is a crime against humanity.

    Without a deal out of the negotiations in Cairo, the stage seems set for further confrontation.

    To call genocide a ‘confrontation’ is an insult not only to the Palestinians, but to anyone who is concerned about human rights anywhere in the world. Over 2,000 Palestinians have been killed; tens of thousands rendered homeless. Hundreds of the dead and homeless are children, many as young as newborns. The death toll of Israelis is 70, with all but three of them soldiers invading Gaza.

    One need not look to the news media for information about the Israeli #massacre of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, or for information about its ongoing #crimes against Palestinians in the West Bank. It is all part of the ongoing genocide of the Palestinian people that Israel has engaged in since its bloody establishment, founded on the ethnic cleansing of at least 750,000 Palestinians in 1947 – 1948. But information is readily available to anyone with access to the Internet. There one can see the reality of life and death for Palestinians. Mangled bodies; anguished, grief-stricken parents; destroyed homes; blood and horror are all there for the world to see, and more and more the world is taking note.

    As mentioned previously, this writer has a young friend who has lived his life in the Gaza Strip. He and this writer are in contact when his friend has electricity, and when he is able to access a computer. This is not frequent; much of his time is spent in trying to obtain shelter, food and water for himself and his family. Their home was destroyed by U.S.-made bombs, delivered by Israel. He also spends time tending to three younger brothers, the youngest only nine, who were seriously injured by Israeli bombs. Such information is not part of CNN’s news reporting.

    Nor is coverage of the thousands of people in various cities around the world, including Tel Aviv, who demonstrate against Israeli crimes. But tens of millions of people on Twitter, Facebook and other social media sites are getting this information. People like this writer’s friend are sending pictures and information about their experiences, and such information is being widely disseminated. Finally, the world is taking notice, becoming more aware of Palestinian oppression and Israeli lies, and seeing genocide happening in front of them.

    Palestinians can have no hope of justice from any U.S.-brokered agreement; the Israeli lobby in the U.S. is too strong. But the growing ostracism of Israel by academics, entertainers and others, and the boycotting of Israeli products by ever-increasing numbers of people the world over, will bring positive results for Palestinians, as these actions did a generation ago for South Africans. One hopes the results will soon be seen, so the horrific suffering of the Palestinian people can end.

    #Médias #désinformation #manipulation

  • Tariq Ali rappelle l’importance du rapport Henry Campbell-Bannerman de 1907 : Blinded by Israel, Visionless in Gaza. Si tu ne le connais pas, c’est un document incontournable :
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/07/22/blinded-by-israel-visionless-in-gaza

    Few British citizens are aware of the role their own country played in creating this mess. It was a long time ago when Britain was an Empire and not a vassal, but the echoes of history never fade away. It was not by accident, but by design that the British decided to create a new state and it wasn’t Balfour alone. The Alternate Information Center in Beit Sahour, a joint Palestinian-Israeli organization promoting justice, equality and peace for Palestinians and Israelis recently put up a post. It was a quote from The Bannerman Report written in 1907 by the Prime Minister of Great Britain, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, and, as it was strategically important it was suppressed and was never released to the public until many years later:

    “There are people (the Arabs, Editor’s Note) who control spacious territories teeming with manifest and hidden resources. They dominate the intersections of world routes. Their lands were the cradles of human civilizations and religions. These people have one faith, one language, one history and the same aspirations. No natural barriers can isolate these people from one another … if, per chance, this nation were to be unified into one state, it would then take the fate of the world into its hands and would separate Europe from the rest of the world. Taking these considerations seriously, a foreign body should be planted in the heart of this nation to prevent the convergence of its wings in such a way that it could exhaust its powers in never-ending wars. It could also serve as a springboard for the West to gain its coveted objects.”

  • What is Clintonism?
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/07/25/what-is-clintonism

    Reaganism took hold almost immediately upon the turn in capitalism’s trajectory. Thus Jimmy Carter was America’s first Reaganite president. But Carter only got on the track half-heartedly, and not before the final years of his presidency.

    Reagan was not even the most important Reaganite leader in the early days. That dubious honor falls to Margaret Thatcher. It was within the government she led in Great Britain that Reaganite theory and practice fully took shape.

    This is why, in the Anglophone world outside the United States, Reaganism is called “Thatcherism.”

    Americans are too provincial to follow suit, but this isn’t the only reason for naming the phenomenon after the Gipper. Since the end of the Second World War, Britain has been America’s junior partner — unable, on its own, to lead a change in the course of world events. Even the Iron Lady could not have done all the harm she did had we Yankees not helped her out.

    And so, Reaganism it is.

    (...)

    “Bushism” is (...) a non-starter, no matter which Bush one has in mind. “Clintonism,” however, is something else.

    The term has been in circulation for some time. People know how to use it because, as Justice Potter Stewart said of obscenity, you know it when you see it.

  • Israeli #Crimes and World Hypocrisy
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/07/22/israeli-crimes-and-world-hypocrisy

    Now let’s see what some of the world’s leaders have said about all this.

    Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper: “The indiscriminate rocket attacks from Gaza on Israel are terrorist acts, for which there is no justification.”

    U.S. President Barack Obama reaffirmed Israel’s right to defend itself from rocket attacks by Hamas militants.

    U.S. secretary of State John Kerry said no country can accept such rocket attacks, adding that de-escalating the crisis is ultimately in everyone’s interests.

    German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said, “The missile attack on Israel from the Gaza Strip has created a situation which threatens a spiraling process of violence and violent counter measures. Israel of course has the right to protect its citizens from rocket attacks.”

    Stephane Dujarric, a spokesman for United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, said that Ban Ki-moon “condemns the recent multiple rocket attacks on Israel from Gaza” and that “these indiscriminate attacks on civilian areas must stop.”

    French Ambassador to Israel Patrick Maisonnave said on Tuesday, “When one is here [Ashdod, Israel], 30 kilometers [19 miles] from Gaza, you can feel up close the constant anxiety and fear which the families in the south live with, who find themselves yet again hostage to the violence. I would like to say to these families that we are not forgetting them and that France stands alongside them.”

    * The UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon told an emergency meeting of the Security Council that Israel and Hamas “must exercise maximum restraint” to end the fighting.

    It might be helpful to look at each of these statements in some detail, to understand how blatantly and unfairly each one favors Israel.

    (...)

  • The Invisible Deaths of Lebanon’s Migrant Domestic Workers
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/07/09/the-invisible-deaths-of-lebanons-migrant-domestic-workers

    Last 12th June, Nahar newspaper reported that an Ethiopian maid was found dead at her employer’s house, in Koura, Lebanon, strangled with a hair tie. The news was reported in only one sentence.

    Earlier in May, hundreds of migrant domestic workers in Lebanon raised their voices against the daily abuse of their rights at an annual workers’ day event, calling for better legal protection for the more than 200,000 domestic workers in Lebanon.

    Migrant domestic workers generally get very little protection from the Lebanese government and remain under-reported in the media, while the deaths of these workers are rarely discussed in the news. Despite the high incidence, domestic workers’ deaths are not investigated or documented by the Lebanese authorities.

    “A range of abuses are experienced by migrant domestic workers in Lebanon. These may include verbal, physical and sexual abuse, as well as poor working conditions and violations of labour rights,” Zeina Mezher, project manager at the International Labour Organisation (ILO), said.

  • The Other Buffett Takes on Hunger, by RALPH NADER » CounterPunch
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/06/26/the-other-buffett-takes-on-hunger

    Years ago (he is 59 years old) Howard Buffett started his travels as an experienced photographer of endangered species, such as the cheetah and the mountain gorilla. These adventures in wilderness habitats and the “experiences of the poor,” introduced him to his more recent calling, to take on world hunger.

    #agriculture #faim #terres #milliardaire_(fils_de)

  • The Real Cost of a Hamburger » CounterPunch : Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/05/09/the-real-cost-of-a-hamburger

    Quelques constats assez intéressants sur le coût écologique de l’élevage extensif de #montagne, dans les Rocheuses aux USA. Ou comment le caractère extensif et non industriel de l’#élevage n’est aucunement en soi une garantie qu’il soit soutenable.

    The American West is a grand landscape. It is also an arid, rugged, and unproductive landscape. Aridity is important to ponder. The West’s public lands are dominated by North America’s four or five major desert regions – the Sonoran, Mojave, Chihuahuan, Great Basin, and some include the Colorado Plateau as a fifth. Deserts are defined as regions with minimum precipitation and high evaporation – in other words, they are characterized by siring heat, cloud-less cerulean skies, minimum precipitation, and sparse vegetation. Now add in the fact that moisture roughly correlates with forage production – the less wetness a region receives the more land it takes to support a single cow or sheep.

    In the West, it takes a lot of land to raise one cow – and it takes even more of the public lands to provide enough forage to sustain a livestock operation. For instance, you can reasonably expect to raise a cow year round on a couple of acres of land in someplace wet and relatively flat, like Georgia, but in the arid and mountainous West you may need 200-300 acres to sustain a cow.

    Unfortunately if you are removing enough forage to economically sustain a ranching business, you are not leaving enough to sustain the land’s native wildlife or ecological processes, nor to provide protection for the fragile soils and plant communities. And therein is the problem. It’s ecologically impossible to economically sustain a livestock operation in most of the West if you consider the full ecological costs – statements by livestock advocates to the contrary.

    Some may ask how ranching has survived for multiple generations if it has been destroying the West? The answer is complex. First, ranching isn’t surviving – it has been in decline for decades. There are fewer ranchers today than any time since the West was first settled. The land simply can’t sustain as many livestock operations, in part because overall productivity of western landscapes has declined due to the long term degradation by livestock. And many of the ranchers that have remained in business have succeeded by taking on outside employment. The majority of small and medium size livestock operations today can more accurately be characterized as “hobby ranching” since the real income for most livestock operators comes from a job in town.

    C’est aussi ce qu’il se passait autour de chez moi dans ce qu’était la paysannerie juqu’aux années 1970 (aujourd’hui la donne est faussée par l’industrialisation et les subventions, aujourd’hui si les éleveurs en chient c’est en plus par abandon public et concurrence déloyale) : un élevage très consommateur de ressources et de temps de travail paysan, peu rentable écologiquement et économiquement, et obligeant à bosser à l’extérieur pour compléter les revenus, au détriment de la santé, de la vie familiale et sociale.

    En revanche je passe sur son discours libéral craignos dans les paragraphes suivants où il parle du coût pour la collectivité de maintenir des services public en zones de montagne peu peuplées. Peut-être que ça peut se justifier si les gros ranchers de là-bas sont comparables à nos céréaliers de la Beauce en terme d’usage de fonds publics, mais ça ne saurait se transposer à ce qui se passe ici dans les Pyrénées ou le Massif Central (voir entre autres http://seenthis.net/messages/263430 ).

    Sa conclusion aussi me semble triste, avec encore le modèle de la #wilderness sous-entendant que l’humain ne saurait vivre dans des zones montagneuses, qui seraient entièrement dévolues à la faune sauvage.
    Je trouve l’exemple d’Helen Atthowe http://seenthis.net/messages/261830 bien plus porteur en termes d’#écoumène montagnard (ça se passe dans le Montana à 1000m d’altitude), de vie en bonne entente avec les écosystèmes environnants et leurs ressources, et avec les animaux (sauvages) présents sur la ferme.

    • En matière d’#élevage il faut sortir du dualisme extensif/intensif. Toute la thèse de l’Holistic management (et d’autres courants) c’est de dire que l’extensif c’est une mauvaise gestion du broutage, et que la dynamique des écosystèmes paturés inclue un broutage sous forme de pulsation (broutage fort, rapide, et espacé dans le temps).

      Mais dans tous les cas je pense que les herbivores prennent de la place, et donc ils n’ont pas leur place partout. Près des zones habitées, les volailles et les porcs ont l’avantage de nécessiter moins d’espace et de se rapprocher du régime alimentaire humain car ils sont monogastriques et donc sont tout a fait pourvus pour absorber les déchets. je trouve que le cochon c’est l’exemple même de l’animal qui ne posait pas de soucis pour un gain maximal, contrairement aux vaches laitières, même si cette efficacité se faisait en partie au détriment du bien être de l’animal. Mais dans les zones moins peuplées, plus escarpées, les herbivores me semblent intéressants, et complémentaires aux forêts dans leurs productions (http://seenthis.net/messages/254739#message254751).

  • Beware of Kicking the Dragon and Bear! » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/06/06/beware-of-kicking-dragon-and-bear

    The anti-Chinese and anti-Russian propaganda howl is reaching a deafening crescendo, especially in Asia. Western media outlets are in the highest gear, spreading propaganda through both their own outlets and through their local media affiliates in the client states, mostly owned by big business.

    China and Russia are now vilified, openly insulted, and blamed for the escalation of tensions in the Asia-Pacific region, and for the military build up. The entire mighty Western propaganda machine is now at work, demonizing China, Russia and other independent countries.

    It is because the West is obviously pushing this planet towards the war. Not to see it would require truly great discipline.

    #propagande #Russie #Chine #atlantisme

  • The #Chilcot Inquiry as Comic Opera » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
    by PATRICK COCKBURN
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/06/02/the-chilquit-inquiry-as-comic-opera

    To give the Chilcot inquiry contemporary relevance, it should extend its brief to cover British military interventions, both small and large scale, conducted subsequent to Iraq but along very much the same lines. Otherwise, the traditional British court of inquiry, so brazenly designed to get the establishment off the hook, will become one more colourful relic of Britain’s past, like Beefeaters or clog dancing.

    The agreement of Sir John Chilcot and Sir Jeremy Heywood to censor the #Bush-#Blair papers comes just as President Obama was spelling out to cadets at West Point his thoughts about America’s role in the world. His speech, at least, had the advantage of looking with attempted realism at contemporary events, such as the civil war in Syria, which David Cameron and William Hague were so willing to join in lock-step with the US last year – until blocked by Parliament which had been soured by past disasters.

    Obama has considered seriously how the world is changing, most especially in Syria, where he said that “as the Syrian civil war spills across borders, the capacity of battle-hardened extremist groups to come after us only increases”. He noted that a new strategy was needed because “today’s principal threat no longer comes from a centralized al-Qa’ida leadership. Instead it comes from decentralised al-Qa’ida affiliates.”

    (...)

    Obama sees the problem, but his prescription of what to do is only going to exacerbate it. He will avoid direct US military action, but will outsource support for the rebels – now too toxic for the US to arm directly – to countries such as Turkey, across whose 510-mile-long border with Syria extreme jihadis pass without hindrance. The situation is not without precedent: after the overthrow in Cambodia of the Khmer Rouge, the murderers of more than a million of their own people, by the Vietnamese army in 1979, the US, China and Britain backed Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge leader, and recognised his government as Cambodia’s true representative at the UN. It was subsequently revealed that the British covertly gave military training to armed groups associated with the Khmer Rouge.

    The jihadi insurgent movements in Syria are the Islamic version of the Khmer Rouge who, like their Cambodian predecessors, dominate the rebel-held enclaves. Moreover, #Isis has seized much of western Iraq right up to the western outskirts of Baghdad. Iraqi security forces are capturing sophisticated weapons from Isis originally supplied by US and British allies to supposed moderate rebels in Syria.

    The potential for disaster in Syria in 2014 is, in many ways, greater than in Iraq in 2003. In this growing crisis, the Chilcot inquiry comic opera is playing a small but ignoble role.

    #Etats-Unis #Turquie #Syrie #Irak

  • Sabu, le meilleur ennemi d’Anonymous

    http://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2014/05/30/sabu-le-meilleur-ennemi-d-anonymous_4429261_4408996.html

    Or, en juin 2011, la police annonce qu’elle a arrêté une quinzaine de hackers, présentés comme des membres d’Anonymous, et publie leurs véritables identités. Seule l’arrestation de Sabu reste secrète, car il accepte tout de suite de collaborer avec le FBI. 

    Selon la justice, il aurait été identifié après avoir commis des erreurs de débutant – en se connectant sur une messagerie sans prendre de précaution, ou en étant trop bavard à propos de sites web dont il avait le contrôle.

    Mais sur Internet, une autre version circule. Au printemps 2011, il aurait été démasqué à plusieurs reprises par des groupes rivaux de Lulzsec. Ainsi, le hacker Hex00010, qui appartenait à l’époque à une petite bande baptisée TeaMp0isoN, affirme avoir découvert et publié en juin 2011 les identités de plusieurs membres de Lulzsec, dont Sabu.

    Sur le site de discussions Softpedia, Hex00010 explique avoir agi pour punir Sabu, coupable selon lui d’avoir dévoilé l’identité de personnes vulnérables, ce qui est contraire à l’éthique des hackers – le mal par le mal.

    TeaMp0isoN accuse aussi Lulzsec d’être un groupe médiocre, utilisant des logiciels pirates prêts à l’emploi au lieu de créer ses propres outils. Entre les lignes, on comprend surtout que TeaMp0isoN était simplement jaloux, car Lulzsec faisait la une des médias du monde entier. Puis Hex00010 explique qu’il a identifié Sabu grâce à une enquête minutieuse, par recoupements, en visitant des serveurs de mails, de MySpace, du jeu Counterstrike, de Google Groups, puis ceux du département de l’éducation de New York, où Sabu avait étudié…

    Pour authentifier son exploit, Hex00010 envoie des documents permettant de déduire la véritable identité de Sabu à un journaliste de la chaîne de télévision Fox News. Toujours selon Hex00010, Fox aurait alors prévenu le FBI – ce que les jeunes hackers n’avaient pas prévu.

    A posteriori, des membres d’Anonymous remarquent que Sabu a surtout piégé des pirates inexpérimentés, tandis que de nombreux hackers plus aguerris ou plus doués échappent toujours au FBI. Depuis sa prison, Jeremy Hammond explique qu’il a été doublement piégé : il a piraté Stratfor, une société dont il n’avait jamais entendu parler, uniquement parce que Sabu lui en a donné l’ordre, de façon insistante. Certains se demandent même si les attaques contre des cibles étrangères (par exemple la compagnie pétrolière brésilienne Petrobras) n’ont pas été commanditées par le gouvernement américain.