/news

  • Republicans oust Ilhan Omar from powerful House committee
    By Kayla Epstein – BBC News, New York – 2 février 2023
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-64493018

    Republicans have ousted Democrat Ilhan Omar from her committee post in a sign of escalating tensions in the US Congress.

    They voted to remove Ms Omar from the House Foreign Affairs Committee over her past comments about Israel.

    Republicans said the move sent a strong statement against antisemitism.

    But Democrats and Ms Omar said it was revenge after two Republicans were ousted from committees in 2020 when Democrats held a House majority.

    Ms Omar also suggested she was being removed due to her being a Muslim woman who immigrated to the US as a refugee. “Is anyone surprised that I am somehow deemed unworthy to speak about American foreign policy?” she said shortly before the vote.

    Republicans secured a majority in the House of Representatives following the midterm elections in November, and members voted along party lines to remove Ms Omar on Thursday.

    She is one of three high-profile Democrats to lose a committee assignment under the new House majority, which is led by Speaker Kevin McCarthy.

    Some Republicans - including Mr McCarthy - argued Ms Omar should not serve on the powerful foreign affairs committee owing to her past comments about Israel that have, at times, been criticised by members from both parties. (...)

  • Thread by C_A_Gustave on Thread Reader App – Thread Reader App
    https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1619421520631300096.html

    1/41
    L’INSEE a actualisé les données de mortalité, avec l’année 2022 complète.
    Cela me permet de mettre à jour un précédent thread et de revoir les estimations faites...
    https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/6206305
    2/41
    Les données de mortalité (et excès de mortalité) sont précieuses en cette période de pandémie car :
    A) Aucun pays ne peut documenter la totalité de ses cas de CoVID, et donc des décès qui en découlent
    B) Les définitions des décès CoVID varient+++ dans le temps et entre pays
    3/41
    Il en résulte une SOUS-estimation importante de la mortalité réellement induite par la pandémie.
    Le décompte officiel est à ~6,8 millions de décès depuis 2020, alors que l’excès de mortalité constaté sur la même période varie de 16,6 à 29,9 millions
    economist.com/graphic-detail… Image
    The pandemic’s true death toll
    Our daily estimate of excess deaths around the world
    https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/coronavirus-excess-deaths-estimates
    4/41
    Encore récemment, avec l’exemple de la Chine, l’OMS rappelait le handicap de définitions trop restrictives des décès CoVID, et l’importance de suivre l’excès de mortalité pour évaluer l’impact réel de cet aspect le plus sévère de la pandémie
    bbc.com/news/world-asi… ImageImage
    China Covid : WHO warns about under-representing Covid deaths
    The health body says it is worried about the risk to life and again urges Beijing for better data.
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-64167052
    5/41
    Ou encore plus récemment quand le directeur de l’OMS rappelait le bilan des 8 dernières semaines (>170000 décès recensés), en précisant que la réalité était très supérieure
    who.int/publications/m… Image
    Virtual Press conference on global health issues transcript - 24 January 2023
    CL Christian Lindmeier TAG Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus HB Dr Hanan Balkhy JH Dr Joachim Hombach MK Dr Maria Van Kerkhove MR Dr Mike Ryan TA Dr Tim Armstrong BG Belisa Godinho HE Helen Bransw…
    https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/virtual-press-conference-on-global-health-issues-transcript---24-january-2023
    6/41
    A cela s’ajoute le débat sans fin sur « mort DU ou mort AVEC le CoVID ».
    Exemple d’un patient diabétique (maladie chronique), qui contracte la CoVID, décompense son diabète (acidose sévère, coma hyperosmolaire, défaillance multiviscérale...), et décède...
    7/41
    Est-il mort « du CoVID » ou bien « avec le CoVID » ?
    Il vivait avec son diabète depuis plusieurs années. Sa route n’a pris fin qu’au moment où il a rencontré SARS-CoV-2.
    Certains diront « mais s’il n’était pas diabétique, il ne serait pas mort à ce moment »...
    8/41
    Mais s’il n’avait pas rencontré SARS-CoV-2, il ne serait pas mort non plus à ce moment, et aurait continué à vivre avec son diabète, comme il le faisait depuis de nombreuses années...
    9/41
    Il y a donc un choix à faire pour la cause du décès, et ce choix varie+++ d’un pays à l’autre, d’une période à l’autre, mais aussi d’un praticien à l’autre...
    L’excès de mortalité est beaucoup moins subjectif et moins sujet aux biais de ce genre...
    10/41
    Cependant, d’autres problèmes se posent avec la méthode de l’excès de mortalité.
    Tout d’abord, cet excès ne représente que ce qui dépasse d’un niveau de référence.
    On peut donc sous-estimer la mortalité spécifique totale d’une cause de mortalité donnée
    11/41
    Ensuite, le niveau de référence peut varier++ selon les sources.
    Parfois, mortalité observée durant l’année qui a précédé le début de la pandémie.
    Parfois une moyenne sur plusieurs années précédentes +/- associée à une projection si les conditions restaient inchangées...
    12/41
    Parfois il inclut les années pandémiques.
    Cas du UK 🇬🇧 qui inclut 2021 dans le niveau de référence de mortalité.
    Ceci conduit à inclure une partie de la surmortalité++ de la pandémie, et donc à SOUS-estimer la surmortalité des années suivantes
    ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulati… Image
    https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/monthlymortalityanalysisenglandandwales/november2022#excess-mortality-in-england-and-wales
    13/41
    En France, on a tout d’abord les données INSEE comparées à l’année 2019.
    La comparaison « brute » ne tient pas compte de l’évolution démographique, et donc de l’évolution « attendue » des décès.
    https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/6206305#graphique-figure2
    14/41
    Sur les données consignées par l’INSEE, on remarque que 2020 🔴 a été associée à une surmortalité massive par rapport à 2019 🔵.
    Mais on note que 2021 🟡 et 2022 🟣 suivent une tendance similaire et sont même > à 2020... ImageImage
    15/41
    La répartition de cette surmortalité sur l’année 2022 est assez évocatrice, puisqu’elle est divisée en 5 vagues, qu’on peut superposer aux 5 vagues de CoVID de l’année 2022.
    La concordance est indiscutable 🤷‍♂️ ImageImage
    16/41
    Comme en 2021, on observe à nouveau une importante SURmortalité en 2022, avec des vagues d’excès parfaitement superposables aux vagues de CoVID.
    Mais quelle est l’ampleur de cet excès ?
    Il faut se pencher sur l’évolution ATTENDUE en l’absence de pandémie...
    17/41
    3 facteurs entrent notamment en jeu :
    A) La démographie.
    L’évolution de la répartition des âges (vieillissement de la population), ainsi que du nombre d’habitants, tend à faire ↗️ lentement la mortalité année après année, indépendamment de tout autre facteur...
    18/41
    B) Les quotients de mortalité.
    Ils tendent au contraire à ↘️ d’année en année, sous l’impulsion des progrès de la médecine, de l’hygiène, de niveau socio-économique...
    Cela tend à faire ↘️ la mortalité attendue...
    19/41
    C) « L’effet moisson ».
    La pandémie induit des décès précoces. Or on ne meurt qu’une seule fois. Ces décès qui surviennent plus précocement en raison de la pandémie, son autant de décès qui ne surviendront pas au moment où ils étaient « attendus »...
    20/41
    Il en résulte donc une évolution de mortalité « attendue » (hors pandémie), qu’on peut alors retrancher à la mortalité « observée », et en déduire l’excès de mortalité induit par la pandémie
    insee.fr/fr/statistique… Image
    https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/6445335
    21/41
    En l’occurrence pour 2020, l’INSEE avait calculé une ↗️ de mortalité ATTENDUE (hors pandémie) de +9000 décès :
    +14000 par vieillissement de la population
    +1600 pour le jour supplémentaire en février
    –6900 par évolution des quotients de mortalité Image
    22/41
    Au lieu des +9000 décès attendus, nous avons observé, malgré la lutte contre la transmission de SARS-CoV-2, un excès de +46700 décès !
    Ceci est < au total des décès CoVID car c’est uniquement ce qui « dépasse » du niveau habituel de mortalité... Image
    23/41
    En 2021, avec la même méthode, l’INSEE attendait un excès de +9300 décès par rapport à 2019 :
    +23100 par vieillissement de la population
    – 13800 par évolution des quotients de mortalité.
    En réalité, on a observé un excès +39100 décès ! ImageImage
    24/41
    Pour l’anecdote, dans un précédent thread j’avais été un peu plus « optimiste » que l’INSEE, car avec la tendance des années AVANT pandémie, j’arrivais à un nombre de décès attendus en 2021 > à celui de l’INSEE, et donc un excès de mortalité < à celui de l’INSEE 🔽 ImageImage
    25/41
    Qu’en est-il pour 2022 ?
    Les données 2022 ne sont pas encore consolidées.
    De plus, l’analyse par l’INSEE ne sera pas publiée avant le printemps 2023 car elle nécessite une analyse démographique étendue pour calculer les décès attendus...
    https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/6445335
    26/41
    Ce que je vais faire ci-après, est donc uniquement une estimation/approximation.
    Comme évoqué précédemment, pour l’année 2021, mon estimation était un peu trop « optimiste » avec un excès de mortalité à ~+25000, quand le vrai excès INSEE était finalement à +39100 😅
    27/41
    Comment faire l’estimation pour 2022 ?
    Tout d’abord, reprendre les données de mortalité cumulée pour 2022.
    L’INSEE recense 673637 décès en 2022.
    Il s’agit là des décès OBSERVÉS ; ceci inclut donc l’excès de mortalité 2022 dû à la pandémie (qu’on cherche à calculer)... Image
    28/41
    On peut alors reporter ce cumul des décès observés en 2022 🔴, sur le graphe INSEE qui compare les décès observés 🔵, avec les décès attendus (hors pandémie) 🟢...
    insee.fr/fr/statistique… Image
    https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/6445335
    29/41
    Ensuite, il nous faut estimer les décès attendus pour 2022 (hors impact de la pandémie).
    L’extrapolation linéaire à partir des données INSEE de 2010 à 2021 donne la tendance usuelle (hors pandémie), et aboutit à 628982 décès attendus en 2022.
    Cf. point 🟢 foncé Image
    30/41
    On peut donc estimer la surmortalité 2022 à :
    673637 - 628982 = +44655 décès en excès !
    C’est quasiment la même surmortalité qu’en 2020 !
    Toujours nettement ↗️ par rapport à ce qu’on observerait sans la CoVID.
    Cet écart est de plus apparu/persistant avec la pandémie 🤷‍♂️ Image
    31/41
    Pourquoi ?
    Certains évoquent la canicule de l’été 2022.
    Plusieurs problèmes avec cette hypothèse.
    Tout d’abord, les autorités ne lui attribuent que 2800 décès en excès (2000 à 3500), ce qui
    n’explique pas le gap majeur à +44655.
    H/T @Panda31808732
    Bulletin de santé publique canicule. Bilan été 2022.
    Bulletin de santé publique canicule. Bilan été 2022.
    https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/determinants-de-sante/climat/fortes-chaleurs-canicule/documents/bulletin-national/bulletin-de-sante-publique-canicule.-bilan-ete-2022
    32/41
    De plus, comment peut-on penser que la canicule de 2003, plus intense et plus durable, sans
    « plan canicule », ait fait 19000 morts ; et que la canicule 2022, moins intense et moins
    durable, avec un « plan canicule », puisse en faire >2x plus ? 🤷‍♂️
    meteofrance.com/actualites-et-… Image
    https://meteofrance.com/actualites-et-dossiers/actualites/canicule-intense-et-durable-de-juillet-2022-que-faut-il-retenir
    33/41
    On ne peut pas négliger l’impact de la CoVID durant l’été 2022, puisque la vague estivale
    2022 (BA.5) est :
    A) Synchrone avec la vague de surmortalité
    B) Nettement plus massive que les vagues de 2020/2021 en termes de contaminations 🤷‍♂️
    ImageImage
    34/41
    Ne pas oublier que si Delta pouvait avoir un « excès » de virulence par rapport au variant
    originel, Omicron n’est pas devenu « non-virulent ».
    Il a la même virulence que le SARS-CoV-2 qui a conduit le monde au confinement en 2020
    Cf. tweets 20 à 23 🔽
    Unroll available on Thread Reader
    35/41
    Or contrairement à 2020 ou 2021, l’année 2022 a été caractérisée par la diffusion du lignage
    Omicron, doté d’un échappement immunitaire ↗, et associé à une transmissibilité ↗↗↗.
    2022 a donc connu une prévalence d’infections 🟡 beaucoup plus élevée que 2020 ou 2021 Image
    36/41
    Ainsi, la ↘↘ de létalité obtenue via la vaccination, a été +/- « rongée » par la ↗↗ des
    contaminations.
    Au bilan, il en résulte une mortalité qui ne change pas beaucoup. 🤷‍♂️
    Sans compter que l’adhésion aux rappels vaccinaux a ↘↘ malgré leur nécessité.
    37/41
    En clair, il faut bien plus d’infections pour atteindre le même nombre de morts. Cela permet
    de rouvrir pleinement l’activité économique (fin des restrictions).
    Par contre, comme on laisse les infections ↗↗↗, toujours autant de vies sont perdues
    chaque année.
    38/41
    Le dépistage des infections par SARS-CoV-2 a ↘↘↘ en 2022, rendant le recensement des
    décès induits par la CoVID beaucoup moins exhaustif.
    Or sans test, il est impossible de classer un décès dans la catégorie CoVID (définition étiologique) 🤷‍♂️
    39/41
    C’est le « nouveau normal », qui va mécaniquement impacter l’espérance et qualité de vie dans
    les pays similaires à la France.
    Je rappelle que le titre du rapport 2022 de la DREES ne portait que sur les données allant
    jusqu’à 2019 🤡
    40/41
    Il faut également bien comprendre que nous sommes actuellement dans une période
    « favorable » ou « protégée » car :
    A) Les primo-vaccinations sont encore +/- récentes
    B) Pas encore de variant totalement résistant à l’immunité acquise
    C) Pas de variant à virulence ↗↗
    41/41
    Le bilan de nette surmortalité qu’on observe toujours en 2022 est donc un résultat en
    conditions « favorables » !
    La pandémie est peut-être finie dans votre esprit car vous l’associez aux « restrictions », mais
    son impact sur nos vies ne fait que commencer.

    • • •

    https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1619421520631300096.html
    https://twitter.com/C_A_Gustave/status/1619421520631300096

  • Londoner solves 20,000-year Ice Age drawings mystery - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-64162799

    A London furniture conservator has been credited with a crucial discovery that has helped understand why Ice Age hunter-gatherers drew cave paintings.

    Ben Bacon analysed 20,000-year-old markings on the drawings, concluding they could refer to a lunar calendar.

    It led to a specialist team proving early Europeans made notes about the timing of animals’ reproductive cycles.

    Mr Bacon said it was “surreal” to work out for the first time what hunter-gatherers were saying.

    Cave paintings of animals such as reindeer, fish and cattle have been found in caves across Europe.

    But archaeologists had been stumped by the meaning of dots and other marks on the paintings. So Mr Bacon decided he would try to decode them.


    Dots like these from 23,000 years ago helped Ice Age hunter-gatherers survive

    He spent numerous hours on the internet and in the British Library consulting pictures of cave paintings and “amassed as much data as possible and began looking for repeating patterns”.

    In particular, he examined a ’Y’ sign on some paintings, which he felt might be a symbol for “giving birth” because it showed one line growing out from another.

    With his research advancing, he brought in friends and senior academics. They encouraged him to continue with his investigations despite Mr Bacon being “effectively a person off the street”.

    He collaborated with a team including two professors from Durham University and one from University College London and, by working out the birth cycles of similar present-day animals, they deduced that the number of marks on the cave paintings was a record, by lunar month, of the animals’ mating seasons.


    Dots and other markings were used to record animals’ reproductive cycles

    The team’s findings were published in the Cambridge Archeological Journal.

    Prof Paul Pettitt, of Durham University, said he was “glad he took it seriously” when Mr Bacon contacted him.

    “The results show that Ice Age hunter-gatherers were the first to use a systemic calendar and marks to record information about major ecological events within that calendar.”


    These drawings and markings were made 15,000 years ago

    He added: “In turn, we’re able to show that these people, who left a legacy of spectacular art in the caves of Lascaux [in France] and Altamira [in Spain], also left a record of early timekeeping that would eventually become commonplace among our species.”

    Mr Bacon said our ancestors were “a lot more like us than we had previously thought. These people, separated from us by many millennia, are suddenly a lot closer”.

  • Experts claim breakthrough in ancient Stonehenge tool kit puzzle - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-leicestershire-64005054

    Archaeologists say a 4,000-year-old tool kit found among the grave of a Bronze Age spiritual leader was used for working with gold.

    The stone tool kit was found near Stonehenge more than two centuries ago but its use until now has been unknown.

    Researchers at the University of Leicester have re-examined grave goods discovered within the burial and found they were gold-working tools.

    Lead author Dr Rachel Crellin said the discovery was “really exciting”.

    The tools were first found at the Upton Lovell G2a Bronze Age burial, which was excavated in 1801.

    They are now on display at the Wiltshire Museum in Devizes where Dr Christina Tsoraki, from the University of Leicester, carried out wear-analysis of the grave goods.

    She noticed what appeared to be gold residues on their surfaces and concluded the stone tools had been used for a range of different purposes.
    ’Highley skilled craftsman’

    Some were used like hammers and anvils whereas others had been used to smooth other materials, Dr Tsoraki said.

    The University of Leicester also worked alongside experts from the University of Southampton on the project.

    The Wiltshire Museum said the man buried at Upton Lovell near Stonehenge, was a “highly skilled craftsman” who specialised in making gold objects.

    The grave also consisted of a ceremonial cloak decorated with pierced animal bones which the museum say hints that he was a “spiritual leader” and one of the few people in the early Bronze Age who understood the magic of metal-working.

    Dr Crellin, from the University of Leicester, said "At the recent ’World of Stonehenge’ exhibition at the British Museum, we know that the public was blown away by the amazing 4000-year-old goldwork on display.

    “What our work has revealed is the humble stone toolkit that was used to make gold objects thousands of years ago.”

  • Io volcano world comes into view of Juno probe - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-63982190

    Nasa’s Juno probe is bearing down on Io, the most volcanically active world in the Solar System.

    It’s in the process of making a series of ever closer flybys.

    Already, the spacecraft has passed by the Jupiter moon at a distance of 80,000km, to reveal details of its hellish, lava-strewn landscape.

    But Juno will get much, much nearer to Io over the course of the next year, eventually sweeping over the surface at an altitude of just 1,500km.

    It’s more than 20 years since we’ve had such an encounter with the 3,650km-wide object.

    This infrared image of Io from 80,000km reveals hotspots: Volcanoes, lava flows and lava lakes

  • Israeli Soldiers Kill A Palestinian Near Ramallah
    Nov 29, 2022 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-kill-a-palestinian-near-ramallah-11

    On Tuesday evening, Israeli soldiers killed a young Palestinian man after the army invaded the Al-Mughayyir village east of Ramallah, in the central part of the occupied West Bank. The Palestinian is the fourth, including two siblings, to be killed by the soldiers, Tuesday.

    The Palestinian Health Ministry said the soldiers shot Ra’ed Ghazi Na’san, 21, with several live rounds in the chest.

    Local nonviolent activist against the illegal Israeli Annexation Wall and Colonies, Kathem Haj Mohammad, said a large military force invaded the village and fired dozens of live rounds, rubber-coated steel bullets and gas bombs at Palestinian youngsters who protested the invasion.

    He added that Ra’ed suffered serious gunshot wounds to the chest and was rushed to a clinic in the nearby Turmus Ayya town, and received essential first aid, before he was moved to the Istishari Hospital in Ramallah, where he was officially pronounced dead. (...)

    #Palestine_assassinée

    • Palestine: New video footage contradicts Israeli claim on civilian killing
      By MEE staff - Published date: 4 December 2022

      Israeli military says forces killed a Palestinian youth for throwing Molotov cocktail, a claim refuted by video

      https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/israel-palestine-video-contradicts-claims-civilian-killing

      The killing of 21-year-old Palestinian Raed al-Naasan at the hands of Israeli troops has been laid bare by new video evidence published by the BBC that contradicts Israel’s account of his murder.

      Naasan was one of five Palestinians killed by Israeli forces on 29 November.

      Israeli occupation forces initially claimed that Naasan was killed while throwing a Molotov cocktail.

      Israeli troops entered the village of al-Mughayyir in the occupied West Bank to demolish a Palestinian home that Israel claims was built illegally.

      Newly released footage of the minutes leading to Naasan’s killing reveals him and others throwing rocks at Israeli forces before two shots ring out, the second of which fatally wounds him.

      In his last moments, captured on camera, Naasan is seen running around a corner before stumbling to the ground just as emergency services arrive at the scene.

      Following Naasan’s death, the Israeli army said its soldiers responded with live ammunition after a suspect “spotted hurling Molotov cocktails [petrol bombs]” at them. 

      The new video evidence shows that neither Naasan nor any of the people around him were throwing any Molotov cocktails.

      In response to the killing, the Israeli human rights group B’Tselem said, “There are many cases of protests where the Palestinians are using rocks, stones and sometimes other means, and Israel’s army almost always uses disproportionate force.” (...)

    • West Bank footage throws spotlight on Israel’s use of lethal force
      Published 2 days ago By Tom Bateman - BBC Middle East Correspondent
      https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-63834683

      Israeli troops had entered the village warning of plans to demolish a Palestinian home.

      Footage shows a group of men and teenagers throwing rocks - then pulling back - as two shots ring out.

      Raed al-Naasan runs around a corner and collapses, blood seeping into his top, fatally wounded.

      He was killed on Tuesday - one of four Palestinians shot dead by Israeli troops during confrontations in different villages that day in the occupied West Bank.

      And now that footage of his killing is throwing a fresh spotlight on Israel’s use of lethal force, as violence in the region reaches levels unmatched in years.

      In the hours after his death the army said soldiers used live ammunition in response to a suspect “spotted hurling Molotov cocktails [petrol bombs]” at them. 

      But video evidence and eyewitnesses suggest this wasn’t the case when he was struck. (...)

  • #nécrologie
    Wilko Johnson, mort du plus punk des guitar heroes
    https://www.telerama.fr/musique/wilko-johnson-mort-du-plus-punk-des-guitar-heroes-7013112.php

    Neuf ans de sursis. Lorsque Wilko Johnson, guitariste fondateur et légendaire de Dr. Feelgood, annonça en 2013 qu’on lui avait diagnostiqué un cancer du pancréas en phase terminale, on pensait, lui le premier, que ses jours étaient comptés. Après tout, les médecins lui donnaient, au mieux, encore dix mois à vivre. Il ne s’est éteint finalement que le 21 novembre dernier, à 75 ans. Autant dire que pendant près de dix ans, refusant de capituler, en tournant régulièrement avec une énergie insolente, Johnson a tenu du miraculé.

    https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-63728503

    #punk_rock #rock'n'roll #rythm'n'blues

  • Migrants : l’« Ocean Viking » sera accueilli demain dans le sud de la France - RFI
    https://www.rfi.fr/fr/en-bref/20221110-migrants-l-ocean-viking-sera-accueilli-vendredi-dans-le-sud-de-la-franc

    Le navire humanitaire sera accueilli par la France au port de Toulon et « un tiers » des passagers migrants seront « relocalisés » en France, a déclaré jeudi le ministre de l’Intérieur Gérald Darmanin, à l’issue du Conseil des ministres. Gérald Darmanin a également dénoncé le « choix incompréhensible » de l’Italie de ne pas accueillir l’« Ocean Viking », qui compte à son bord 231 migrants toujours bloqués en Méditerranée.

    merci les migrant.es, ne nous laissé pas seul avec ce triste con !

    https://sosmediterranee.fr/communiques-et-declarations/230-rescapes-a-bord-de-locean-viking-debarqueront-finalement-a-toulo

    _Un lieu sûr a enfin été attribué pour permettre le débarquement des 230 rescapés encore à bord secourus au cours de six sauvetages entre le 22 et 26 octobre. Trois personnes dans un état de santé critique et un proche ont du être évacuées ce matin pour recevoir des soins d’urgence à l’hôpital de Bastia, Corse. Les rescapés sont enfin autorisés à débarquer à Toulon, dans le Sud de la France. L’Ocean Viking est en route. Au vu des prévisions météo instables qui s’annoncent, notre navire prévoit d’arriver au port vendredi en fin de matinée.

    C’est avec un mélange de soulagement et de colère que nous accueillons cette nouvelle.

    “Nous sommes extrêmement soulagés de ce dénouement à venir grâce à l’attribution d’un port en France, qui met fin à une situation critique sur notre navire. Mais cette solution à un goût amer : les 230 femmes, enfants et hommes à bord de l’Ocean Viking viennent de vivre un véritable calvaire et sont épuisés, tout comme nos équipes. Débarquer près de trois semaines après les sauvetages, si loin de la zone d’opération en #Méditerranée centrale est le résultat d’un échec dramatique de la part de l’ensemble des Etats européens, qui ont bafoué le #droit_maritime d’une manière inédite”, déclare Sophie Beau, co-fondatrice et Directrice Générale de SOS MEDITERRANEE France.

    Les bateaux de sauvetage citoyens, portés par des ONG comme SOS MEDITERRANEE, ne font que pallier le désengagement grave et mortel des Etats Européens en Méditerranée centrale. Comme le rappelle la Commission Européenne hier (9 novembre) : “L’obligation légale de secourir et d’assurer la sauvegarde de la vie en mer est claire et sans équivoque, quelles que soient les circonstances qui conduisent les personnes à se trouver dans une situation de détresse […] Le caractère sacré de la vie étant de la plus haute importance et de la plus haute considération.”

    L’instrumentalisation politique du devoir d’assistance en mer, à laquelle nous avons assisté ces dernières semaines, est inacceptable : c’est un renoncement cynique à un impératif moral, légal et universel. Nous appelons urgemment les Etats membres de l’Union européenne et Etats associés, avec la Commission européenne, à établir enfin un mécanisme de débarquement prévisible en lieu sûr des rescapés, là où leur sécurité n’est plus menacée et où leurs besoins humains fondamentaux peuvent être satisfaits._

  • Nigeria floods : ’Overwhelming’ disaster leaves more than 600 people dead - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-63280518

    Recent flooding in Nigeria has become an “overwhelming” disaster, and many states were not properly prepared for them despite warnings, the minister for disaster management has said.

    More than 600 people have died in the worst flooding the West African nation has seen in a decade.

    Some 1.3 million people have been displaced, and more than 200,000 homes have been destroyed.

    Flooding is expected to continue until the end of November.

    Je vous parlais la semaine dernière de la Syrie où les attentats et bombardements continuent quotidiennement.

    Cette semaine, on peut parler du monde entier, où les inondations provoquent les déplacements de populations annoncés par le GIEC depuis 20 ou 30 ans...

    Ici le Nigéria. Pas le plus pauvre des pays de la région...

    Mais on n’en parle pas dans nos flux importants où on vous parle des choses importantes. Les faits divers sanglants, et les grévistes qui cassent les vitrines (ce WE) et les manifs qui prennent en otage le peuple (dans les raffineries) et les députés qui prétendent commettre des injustices en taxant les dividendes durement gagnés par les transnationales (Lemaire ce matin).

    Je vous ais dit que la crèche privée en dessous de mes bureaux, là, ça ne cesse de tousser depuis un mois ? Les gamins doivent avoir des petits rhumes... Au moins, depuis la semaine dernière, une des salariées porte un masque... en tissu :-)))

    Ceci dit, le plus urgent cette année était d’attiser la guerre en Ukraine et de faire en sorte que ça se passe le plus mal possible. Car comprenez bien que les accords de Minsk étaient inapplicables, car, bon, c’était déjà, au moins, les Sudètes et le Cheval de Troie réunis. Il paraît qu’à Washington et en Chine, on s’est aperçu qu’un des piliers de la consommation mondiale, je veux parler de l’Europe, est en train de se casser douloureusement la gueule, et qu’il conviendrait peut-être de trouver une vraie solution. Pas certain qu’ils la trouvent rapidement. Mais qui sait.

  • Nicole Mann: Astronaut becomes first Native American woman in space - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-63147956

    Marine Colonel Nicole Mann, 45, is one of four astronauts who blasted off from Florida at midday bound for the International Space Station (ISS).

    The SpaceX Falcon rocket put them on a path to catch the orbiting outpost in about 29 hours’ time.

    Col Mann told the BBC that she hoped the mission would inspire future generations of Native Americans.

    “[I hope it] will inspire young Native American children to follow their dreams and realise that some of those barriers that are there or used to be there are being broken down,” she said.

    “Anytime we are able to do something that is a first, or wasn’t done in the past, it’s so important,” she added. “They have these opportunities.”

    A registered member of the Wailacki of the Round Valley Indian Tribes, Col Mann has extensive experience flying a variety of aircraft for the US Marine Corps. She has been awarded six medals for her service and has deployed to both Iraq and Afghanistan.

    Tribes have long reported societal discrimination resulting in economic hardship and underfunding of their schools. In 2017, only 27% of Native Americans attained an associate degree or higher compared to 54% of white students, according to the US National Centre for Education Statistics.

    Col Mann has had to wait to make her debut in space, having completed her astronaut training in 2015.

    She’d previously been assigned to a mission in Boeing’s Starliner capsule, but the vehicle is so late getting into service that Nasa decided to pull her across to “Crew 5”, as the quartet is known in Nasa/SpaceX parlance.

    Once aboard the ISS, Col Mann said that the team has about 250 scientific investigations that are planned. These include helping 3D print human cells to growing tomatoes and potentially conducting space walks.

    Despite only being allowed to bring a limited amount of personal items - such as her wedding ring and photographs - Col Mann told the BBC that that she planned on bringing a reminder of her family’s Native American roots.

    “I also have a special dreamcatcher that my mother gave me which will be another little piece of my family to carry with me,” she said, referring to a traditional Native American decoration.

    Crew 5 will temporarily boost the number of people living on the ISS to 14.

    The remaining members of the crew include another American, John Cassada, as well as Japan’s Koichi Wakta and Russian cosmonaut Anna Kikina.

    The participation of Ms Kikina - the only woman currently in the Russian space agency’s cosmonaut corps - continues the existing ride share agreement between Russia and the US.

    The two countries have promised to keep carrying each other’s spacefarers to orbit, despite tensions over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

    While Col Man, Mr Cassada and Ms Kikina have never been to space before, Japan’s Mr Wakata is a hugely experienced flyer, having been to orbit four times already.

    Having previously gone up in three space shuttles and a Russian Soyuz capsule, he now joins a select group of spacefarers who’ve occupied seats on three different crew vehicles.

    The foursome are set to spend six months on the ISS.

    Their first week will be spent getting a hand-over from Crew 4, who will then depart for Earth on 12 October.

    The returning astronauts include Samantha Cristoforetti, Europe’s first female commander of the International Space Station.

  • Israeli rules say West Bank visitors must declare love interest - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-62730164

    Foreigners must tell the Israeli defence ministry if they fall in love with a Palestinian in the occupied West Bank, according to new rules.
    If they marry, they will be required to leave after 27 months for a cooling-off period of at least half a year.

  • Linus Torvalds: Linux succeeded thanks to selfishness and trust
    https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-18419231

    Vor zehn Jahren sprach der Erfinder des heute als Linux bekannten Betriebssystems über die Gründe für den enormen Erfolg seines Projekts. Der BBC Reporter und Thorvalds sind sich einig darin, dass mephistophelischer Eigennutz kombiniert mit gegenseitigem Vertrauen der beteiligten Entwickler, von weiblichen „contributors“ ist nicht die Rede und braucht es grammatikalisch betrachtet im Englischen auch nicht, zwei wichtige und widersprüchliche Faktoren für den Siegeszug des freien Betriebssystems sind.

    Wir finden hier Hinweise darauf, wie eine besser als im Taxigewerbe organisierte #verteilte_Arbeit aussehen kann. Auch der Hinweis auf den #Arbeitsvertrag von Thorvalds und seiner Stiftung ist eine interessante Anregung für die Entwicklung neuartiger, menschenwürdiger Arbeitsverhältnisse. Bei genauem Hinschauen zeigt sich, dass die im Titel beschworene Selbstsucht nur unter kapitalistischen Bedingungen eine solche ist.

    Ein erhellendes Interview, das Kernfragen der Bewegung für freie Software berührt.

    13.6.2012 by Leo Kelion - Linus Torvalds developed Linux in 1991 while at the University of Helsinki, Finland. He became a US citizen in 2010.

    Linux creator Linus Torvalds has won the Millennium Technology Prize and an accompanying cheque for 600,000 euros ($756,000; £486,000) from the Technology Academy of Finland.

    He was nominated for the award in recognition of the fact he had created the original Linux operating system and has continued to decide what modifications should be made to the Linux kernel - the code that lets software and hardware work together.

    Today a variety of Linux-based systems power much of the world’s computer servers, set-top boxes, smartphones, tablets, network routers, PCs and supercomputers.

    Ahead of the announcement Mr Torvalds gave a rare interview to the BBC.

    When you posted about the original system kernel on Usenet in 1991 what did you think would happen to it?

    I think your question assumes a level of planning that simply didn’t really exist. It wasn’t so much about me having any particular expectations of what would happen when I made the original kernel sources available: a lot of the impetus for releasing it was simply a kind of “hey, look at what I’ve done”.

    I was definitely not expecting people to help me with the project, but I was hoping for some feedback about what I’d done, and looking for ideas of what else people would think was a good idea.

    The success of Linux is in large part due to its open source nature. Why do you think people have been willing to give up so much time without financial reward?

    In many ways, I actually think the real idea of open source is for it to allow everybody to be “selfish”, not about trying to get everybody to contribute to some common good.

    In other words, I do not see open source as some big goody-goody “let’s all sing kumbaya around the campfire and make the world a better place”. No, open source only really works if everybody is contributing for their own selfish reasons.

    Now, those selfish reasons by no means need to be about “financial reward”, though.

    The early “selfish” reasons to do Linux tended to be centred about just the pleasure of tinkering. That was why I did it - programming was my hobby - passion, really - and learning how to control the hardware was my own selfish goal. And it turned out that I was not all that alone in that.

    Big universities with computer science departments had people who were interested in the same kinds of things.

    And most people like that may not be crazy enough to start writing their own operating system from scratch, but there were certainly people around who found this kind of tinkering with hardware interesting, and who were interested enough to start playing around with the system and making suggestions on improvements, and eventually even making those improvements themselves and sending them back to me.

    And the copyright protected those kinds of people. If you’re a person who is interested in operating systems, and you see this project that does this, you don’t want to get involved if you feel like your contributions would be somehow “taken advantage of”, but with the GPLv2 [licence], that simply was never an issue.

    The fundamental property of the GPLv2 is a very simple “tit-for-tat” model: I’ll give you my improvements, if you promise to give your improvements back.

    It’s a fundamentally fair licence, and you don’t have to worry about somebody else then coming along and taking advantage of your work.

    And the thing that then seemed to surprise people, is that that notion of “fairness” actually scales very well.

    Sure, a lot of companies were initially fairly leery about a licence that they weren’t all that used to, and sometimes doubly so because some portions of the free software camp had been very vocally anti-commercial and expected companies to overnight turn everything into free software.

    But really, the whole “tit-for-tat” model isn’t just fair on an individual scale, it’s fair on a company scale, and it’s fair on a global scale.

    Once people and companies got over their hang-ups - renaming it “open source” and just making it clear that this was not some kind of anti-commercial endeavour definitely helped - things just kind of exploded.

    And the thing is, if your competition doesn’t put in the same kind of effort that you do, then they can’t reap the same kinds of rewards you can: if they don’t contribute, they don’t get to control the direction of the project, and they won’t have the same kind of knowledge and understanding of it that you do.

    So there really are big advantages to being actively involved - you can’t just coast along on somebody else’s work.

    7,800 developers across 80 countries contributed to the last version of the Linux kernel. But as it becomes more complex is there a danger it become less accessible for new people to get involved?

    So the kernel has definitely grown more complex, and certain core areas in particular are things that a new developer should absolutely not expect to just come in and start messing around with.

    People get very nervous when somebody they don’t see as having a solid track record starts sending patches to core - and complex - code like the VM subsystem.

    So it’s absolutely much harder to become a core developer today than it was 15 years ago.

    At the same time, I do think it’s pretty easy to get into kernel development if you don’t go for the most complex and central parts first. The fact that I do a kernel release roughly every three months, and each of those releases generally have over 1,000 people involved in it, says that we certainly aren’t lacking for contributors.

    You have previously mentioned that you can’t check that all the code that gets submitted will work across all hardware - how big an issue is trust in an open source project like this?

    Oh, trust is the most important thing. And it’s a two-way street.

    It’s not just that I can trust some sub-lieutenant to do the right thing, it’s that they in turn can trust me to be impartial and do the right thing.

    We certainly don’t always agree, and sometimes the arguments can get quite heated, but at the end of the day, you may not even always like each other, if you can at least trust that people aren’t trying to screw you over.

    And this trust issue is why I didn’t want to ever work for a commercial Linux company, for example.

    I simply do not want people to have even the appearance of bias - I want people to be able to trust that I’m impartial not only because they’ve seen me maintain the kernel over the years, but because they know that I simply don’t have any incentives where I might want to support one Linux company over another.

    These days, I do work full-time on Linux, and I’m paid to do it, but that didn’t happen until I felt comfortable that there was a way that could be pretty obviously neutral, through a industry non-profit that doesn’t really sell Linux itself.

    And even then, in order to allay all fears, we actually made sure that my contract explicitly says that my employment does not mean that the Linux Foundation can tell me what to do.

    So exactly because I think these kinds of trust issues are so important, I have one of the oddest employment contracts you’ve ever heard of.

    It’s basically one paragraph talking about what I’m supposed to do - it basically boils down to the fact that everything I do has to be open source - and the rest of the contract is about all the ways that the company I work for cannot influence me.

    “Trust” is not about some kind of absolute neutrality, or anything like that, but it’s about a certain level of predictability and about knowing that you won’t be shafted.

    Linux is popular in many areas of computing including smartphones and servers, but it has never had quite the same breakthrough on desktops - do you think it will ever happen?

    So I think that in order to make it in a consumer market, you really do need to be pre-installed. And as Android has shown, Linux really can be very much a consumer product. So it’s not that the consumer market itself would necessarily be a fundamentally hard nut to crack, but the “you need to come preinstalled” thing is a big thing.

    And on the laptop and desktop market, we just haven’t ever had any company making that kind of play. And don’t get me wrong - it’s not an easy play to make.

    That said, I wouldn’t dismiss it either. The whole “ubiquitous web browser” thing has made that kind of consumer play be more realistic, and I think that Google’s Chrome push (Chromebox and Chromebooks) is clearly aiming towards that.

    So I’m still hopeful. For me, Linux on the desktop is where I started, and Linux on the desktop is literally what I still use today primarily - although I obviously do have other Linux devices, including an Android phone - so I’d personally really love for it to take over in that market too.

    But I guess that in the meantime I can’t really complain about the successes in other markets.

    Steve Ballmer once described Linux as a “cancer”, but in recent months we’ve heard that Microsoft is running its Skype division off Linux boxes, and it’s now offering a Linux-based version of its Azure cloud service - does this give you satisfaction?

    Well, let’s say that I’m relieved that Microsoft seems to have at least to some degree stopped seeing Linux as the enemy. The whole “cancer” and “un-American” thing was really pretty embarrassing.

    The recent launch of the Raspberry Pi, running on Linux, has attracted a lot of attention. Are you hopeful it will inspire another generation of programmers who can contribute to the Linux kernel?

    So I personally come from a “tinkering with computers” background, and yes, as a result I find things like Raspberry Pi to be an important thing: trying to make it possible for a wider group of people to tinker with computers and just playing around.

    And making the computers cheap enough that you really can not only afford the hardware at a big scale, but perhaps more important, also “afford failure”.

    By that I mean that I suspect a lot of them will go to kids who play with them a bit, but then decide that they just can’t care.

    But that’s OK. If it’s cheap enough, you can afford to have a lot of “don’t cares” if then every once in a while you end up triggering even a fairly rare “do care” case.

    So I actually think that if you make these kinds of platforms cheap enough - really “throw-away cheap” in a sense - the fact that you can be wasteful can be a good thing, if it means that you will reach a few kids you wouldn’t otherwise have reached.

    You work from home - how hard is it to avoid being distracted by family life and focusing on what must be very abstract concepts?

    Oh, I’m sure it can be hard for some people. It’s never been a problem for me.
    Linus Torvalds in front of computers
    Image caption,
    Mr Torvalds works on the Linux kernel in his office at home in Oregon

    I’ve always tended to find computers fascinating, often to the point where I just go off and do my own thing and am not very social.

    Having a family doesn’t seem to have made that character trait really any different.

    I’ll happily sit in front of the computer the whole day, and if the kids distract me when I’m in the middle of something, a certain amount of cursing might happen.

    In other words: what could be seen as a socially debilitating failure of character can certainly work to your advantage too.

    .

    #Linux #FLOSS #Software #Arbeit #Kapitalismus #open_source #USA

  • Japanese Red Army Founder Shigenobu Freed From Prison
    https://www.voanews.com/a/japanese-red-army-founder-shigenobu-freed-from-prison-/6593275.html

    Fusako Shigenobu, the 76-year-old female founder of the once-feared Japanese Red Army, walked free from prison Saturday after completing a 20-year sentence for a 1974 embassy siege.

    Shigenobu was one of the world’s most notorious women during the 1970s and 1980s, when her radical leftist group carried out armed attacks worldwide in support of the Palestinian cause.