Une nouvelle #revue sur les #migrations (avec des textes qui peuvent être soumis en beaucoup de langues, mais pour cette première édition c’est surtout l’allemand qui domine —> pour en savoir plus sur la revue : ▻http://movements-journal.org/issues/01.grenzregime/01.editorial.html) :
Les articles de ce premier numéro (sommaire ici : ▻http://movements-journal.org/issues/01.grenzregime) :
Editorial : Europäisches Grenzregime
Back to the future :
Abstract: This article discusses the current and on-going crisis of Schengen in the context of the economic and financial crisis in Europe, the uprisings in Northern Africa and the crisis of legitimacy after the 3rd of October 2013 of Lampedusa. The irreversibility and openness of the Schengen process is demonstrated with two examples, #Frontex/#Eurosur and #Dublin/#Eurodac. We end with a discussion of the current developments of the European Border Regime.
Reflections on Migration and Governmentality
Abstract: This paper seeks to advance the already productive encounter between governmentality-oriented research and migration studies. It makes three arguments. First, the article calls for a more variegated and recombinant understanding of the governmentality of migration. Second, it takes issue with the rather automatic way in which questions of migration and borders have become woven together, and calls for a more eventalized and contingent understanding of bordering. Finally, it reflects on the rather presentist focus of much governmentality scholarship about migration, while joining others who call for the inscription of migration research in genealogies of postcolonial government. The paper concludes that as an inessentialist and flexible framework of power analysis governmentality is well suited to making sense of the new territories of power that migration is bringing into the world.
Fremde — eine europäische Obsession
Kämpfe ums Recht
Abstract: The struggle for and against migration in the european context is not least reflected in the written law and its interpretation of authoritites and courts. This also can be shown by the recent reform program of the common european asylum system. On the one hand different progressive improvements can be stated for example in the reform of the Qualification Directive, the Asylum Procedure Directive, the Reception Directive. On the other hand the abolition or a real reform of the Dublin system could not be enforced. Especially the reform of the Eurodac regulation and the amendments of the border regulation norms are, in addition to that, legalizing a strong criminalization and illegalization of migration and migrants. Besides the objective of really harmonizing the European Asylum Policy is still very far away as lots of norms are still giving a wide leeway to the member states by executing the european standards.
Zwischen nützlichen und bedrohlichen Subjekten
Abstract Starting from the perspective of critical migration regime studies, this article analyzes the Stockholm Programme, a five-year plan outlining the EU’s justice and home affairs policy from 2010 to 2014. Inspired by studies of governmentality and their focus on the relation of power/knowledge, the article elaborates on the ways in which mobility is problematized in order to make it an object of government. It argues that by producing different categories and ‘figures of migration’ as other, an EU citizen is created as a subject, while at the same time a need to regulate migration is presented as a necessary measure. It further contends that the authors of the Stockholm Programme aim at installing a differentiated regime of regulation, combining juridical, neoliberal and humanitarian rationales under the label of ‘migration management’. After pointing out some key technologies of government, the article finishes with the assumption that the EU document is driven by a strategy of de-indivualizing a proclaimed ‘illegal migration’, thus legitimizing restrictive migration controls.
Remote Control ?
Abstract: European Migration management has been extended from the control of the own territory to countries of origin and transit, thus creating new spaces of border surveillance and the disciplining of migrants and migration in Africa. This also remodeled the relations between Europe and the sending or transit states concerned, and left traces in the social, political and economic life of these countries, as well as the ways people conceive and organize mobility. Bargaining over bordering practices increasingly conditions development assistance, soft tools like visa facilitation and circular migration schemes are used both as incentives and to keep targeted groups in their place. Though with the Global Approach on Migration Europe brought forward a comprehensive framework, the practical outcomes in terms of agreements, inter-state cooperation and consequences on the societal level show remarkable differences.
Wissen, (Selbst)Management, (Re)territorialisierung
Abstract The aim of this article is to highlight the discursive lines that structure the current hype about migration&development. It is argued that there are three lines. Knowledge, management and reterritorialization and that the notion of development is strikingly mostly underdefined within the hype. The three discursive lines furthermore add up to one single effect — the notion of migration is further pushed into and reduced to an economic dimension.
#frontière #régime_frontalier #gouvernance #Etienne_Balibar #Balibar #étranger #altérité #droit #système_d'asile_européen #directive_qualification #criminalisation #illégalisation #externalisation #Mali #Mauritanie