• The Northwest Passage: Navigating Old Beliefs and New Realities

    One of the greatest stories of exploration and discovery is the quest for the Northwest Passage, an oceanic shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific across the top of North America. Tempted with the prospect of wealth and glory, countless seafarers gambled—and occasionally lost—their lives in pursuit of a route through the frozen bays and rivers at the farthest reaches of Arctic North America. Early interest in the Northwest Passage was spurred by the allure of trade goods from regions accessible via the Pacific Ocean, such as China and Spice Islands. Given the Spanish and Portuguese control of the trade routes around the tips of South America and Africa, the search for Northern passages to the Pacific was an obvious undertaking for European countries like Great Britain and the Netherlands.

    #passage_du_nord_ouest #cartographie #histoire #cartographie_historique #navigation #arctique
    via @jcfichet

  • Celebrating 400 Years of Women in Cartography – Globemakers


    Une initiative vraiment très importante sur les femmes cartographes (oubliées, niées, cachées)

    Celebrating 400 Years of Women in Cartography
    June 1, 2015 Leave a Comment
    Celebrating 400 Years of Women in Cartography
    Osher Map Library & Smith Center for Cartographic Education

    There is an exhibition going on now for those of you who might be passing through…. Maine. Women in Cartography recognises and celebrates the long overlooked role of women in the world of mapping; bringing their stories, accomplishments, and most importantly their maps to light. Curated by Alice Hudson, former Chief of the Map Division at the New York Public Library, Women in Cartography showcases the works of better-known women cartographers such as Marie Tharp, who, in partnership with Bruce Heezen, created the first scientific map of the entire ocean floor, and, Agnes Sinclair Holbrook who created the Hull-House maps, statistical cartographic presentations of social data from the immigrant rich Near West Side neighbourhoods of Chicago.

    You can see the exhibition from March 26th – October 22nd 2015.


    Women have had many cartographic roles, depending on social and economic circumstances. Before 1800, women were integral, if generally obscure, members of the map trade; however, the industrialisation and corporatisation of the print trades led women to be excluded from the economic sphere of cartography. At the same time, the growth of Western economies gave new opportunities for women. However, they often thought it necessary to use only their initials rather than their full, feminine names. The growth of public education in the early nineteenth century, particularly in the U.S., included the formation of schools for young girls, where in addition to home-skills they were taught geography, often by drawing and embroidering maps and globes; women increasingly wrote school textbooks and often designed their maps as well. Women actively participated in the creation of maps for newly developing markets associated with automobile travel and tourism, preparing pictorial tourist maps and city guides. In academia, women have made ground-breaking maps of social, physical, and historical phenomena, using both traditional and now digital techniques. And, during World War II, when women filled the labor shortages created by mass conscription of men, thousands of women made maps for the U.S. military, only to leave the field after the war’s end.

    #cartographie #femmes #discriminations #inégalités #histoire