New Labour Party Leader Jeremy Corbyn Faces Special Guilt-by-Association Standard

https://theintercept.com

  • Yellen Celebrated Unemployment as a “Worker-Discipline Device”
    https://theintercept.com/2023/01/24/unemployment-inflation-janet-yellen

    In June 1996, Janet Yellen — then a member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, later chair of the Fed herself, and currently secretary of the Treasury — wrote an extraordinary memo to then-Fed Chair Alan Greenspan. Anyone who wants to understand how the world works should read it, and thank Tim Barker, a historian who obtained it via the Freedom of Information Act.

    • Ce qui rend ce mémo si révélateur est triple.

      Premièrement, bien qu’elle soit exprimée dans un langage technique abscons, elle partage une perspective avec les critiques de gauche les plus radicales du capitalisme. Yellen va jusqu’à proclamer à 90 % : « L’histoire de toute société ayant existé jusqu’à présent est l’histoire des luttes de classes. »

      Deuxièmement, Yellen n’appelle pas, bien sûr, à une révolution prolétarienne. Au contraire, comme l’a souligné Noam Chomsky, « la rhétorique marxiste vulgaire n’est pas inhabituelle dans les documents internes du gouvernement », mais « avec des valeurs inversées ». Dans le cas de Mme Yellen, elle défend, comme elle l’écrit, l’"impact positif d’une plus grande insécurité de l’emploi". Une augmentation de l’insécurité des travailleurs au milieu des années 1990 signifiait que tout le monde avait trop peur pour demander des augmentations, ce qui signifiait que les entreprises n’auraient pas besoin d’augmenter les prix, ce qui signifiait que même avec la baisse du chômage à l’époque, la Fed n’avait pas besoin d’augmenter les taux d’intérêt pour ralentir l’économie et mettre les gens au chômage.

      Troisièmement, Yellen n’est pas un monstre. En effet, du point de vue des Américains ordinaires, elle est aussi bonne que possible au sommet du pouvoir. Le problème, pour ceux d’entre nous qui sont ici sur le terrain, est sa vision globale du monde. Elle pourrait souhaiter personnellement que les choses soient plus agréables, mais elle est certaine que la science de l’économie impose des limites incroyablement strictes au possible, et que tout ce que nous pouvons faire est d’essayer d’apporter de petites améliorations dans le cadre de ces limites.

      Traduit avec www.DeepL.com/Translator (version gratuite)

  • « Twitter files », deuxième épisode : le réseau social aurait arbitrairement limité la visibilité de certains comptes conservateurs
    https://www.lefigaro.fr/secteur/high-tech/twitter-files-deuxieme-episode-le-reseau-social-aurait-arbitrairement-limit

    Relayée par Elon Musk, une journaliste révèle la mise sur « liste noire » de certains comptes Twitter, à l’insu des utilisateurs du réseau.

    Cette journaliste là 👇

    New York Times’s Bari Weiss Denies Attacks on Arab Scholars Who Criticize Israel
    https://theintercept.com/2018/03/08/the-nyts-bari-weiss-falsely-denies-her-years-of-attacks-on-the-academi

    The New York Times columnist and editor spent years crusading for the type of censorship she claims to loathe. Instead of acknowledging this, she denies it.

    #sans_vergogne

  • Addressing Climate Change Will Not “Save the Planet”
    https://theintercept.com/2022/12/03/climate-biodiversity-green-energy

    « Sauver la planète » c-à-d freiner l’extinction des espèces

    Mainstream climate activism of the Bill McKibben variety points toward a grandly hopeful end within the confines of acceptable capitalist discourse: decarbonization of the global economy, with technologies driven by profit-seeking corporations subsidized by governments. Taking up this banner of optimistic can-do-ism, the environmental movement has convinced itself, and sought to convince the public, that with a worldwide build-out of renewable energy systems, humanity will power its dynamic industrial civilization with jobs-producing green machines while also — somehow — rescuing countless species from the brink.

    “But this happens to be a lie,” Ashe told me. “The lie is that if we address the climate crisis, we will also solve the biodiversity crisis.”

    […]

    Yes, a warmed atmosphere is projected to be a significant factor in the #extinction crisis in future decades, but what’s destroying species today is habitat fragmentation and loss, overhunting and overexploitation, agricultural expansion, pollution, and industrial development. It isn’t climate change that caused a 69 percent loss in total wildlife populations between 1970 and 2018, according to a World Wildlife Fund study published this year. The cause is too many people demanding too much from ecosystems, or human overshoot of the biophysical carrying capacity of the Earth.

  • Nina Turner, Operation Varsity Blues & Black Student Debt
    https://www.mydylarama.org.uk/Nina-Turner-Operation-Varsity-Blues-Black-Student-Debt

    “What unites these documentaries is that they both believe in a meritocracy” Summer break is officially over... In this episode, we discuss the problem of student debt in the US, the very specific ways it affects Black Americans and the elitism of higher education, through: The Intercept documentary Freedom Dreams: Black Women and the Student Debt Crisis, narrated by former Ohio state Sen. Nina Turner, a longtime ally of the growing debt abolition movement, which looks at the crippling (...) #Podcast

    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/22/student-debt-cancellation-black-women

  • The Origin of Student Debt: Reagan Adviser Warned Free College Would Create a Dangerous “Educated Proletariat”

    In 1970, #Roger_Freeman, who also worked for Nixon, revealed the right’s motivation for coming decades of attacks on higher education.

    With the vociferous debate over President Joe Biden’s announcement that the federal government will cancel a portion of outstanding student debt, it’s important to understand how Americans came to owe the current cumulative total of more than $1.6 trillion for higher education.

    In 1970, Ronald Reagan was running for reelection as governor of California. He had first won in 1966 with confrontational rhetoric toward the University of California public college system and executed confrontational policies when in office. In May 1970, Reagan had shut down all 28 UC and Cal State campuses in the midst of student protests against the Vietnam War and the U.S. bombing of Cambodia. On October 29, less than a week before the election, his education adviser Roger A. Freeman spoke at a press conference to defend him.

    reeman’s remarks were reported the next day in the San Francisco Chronicle under the headline “Professor Sees Peril in Education.” According to the Chronicle article, Freeman said, “We are in danger of producing an educated proletariat. … That’s dynamite! We have to be selective on who we allow [to go to college].”

    “If not,” Freeman continued, “we will have a large number of highly trained and unemployed people.” Freeman also said — taking a highly idiosyncratic perspective on the cause of fascism —“that’s what happened in Germany. I saw it happen.”

    Freeman was born in 1904 in Vienna, Austria, and emigrated to the United States after the rise of Hitler. An economist who became a longtime fixture in conservative politics, he served on the White House staff during both the Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon administrations. In 1970 he was seconded from the Nixon administration to work on Reagan’s campaign. He was also a senior fellow at Stanford’s conservative Hoover Institution. In one of his books, he asked “can Western Civilization survive” what he believed to be excessive government spending on education, Social Security, etc.

    A core theme of Reagan’s first gubernatorial campaign in 1966 was resentment toward California’s public colleges, in particular UC Berkeley, with Reagan repeatedly vowing “to clean up the mess” there. Berkeley, then nearly free to attend for California residents, had become a national center of organizing against the Vietnam War. Deep anxiety about this reached the highest levels of the U.S. government. John McCone, the head of the CIA, requested a meeting with J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI, to discuss “communist influence” at Berkeley, a situation that “definitely required some corrective action.”

    During the 1966 campaign, Reagan regularly communicated with the FBI about its concerns about Clark Kerr, the president of the entire University of California system. Despite requests from Hoover, Kerr had not cracked down on Berkeley protesters. Within weeks of Reagan taking office, Kerr was fired. A subsequent FBI memo stated that Reagan was “dedicated to the destruction of disruptive elements on California campuses.”

    Reagan pushed to cut state funding for California’s public colleges but did not reveal his ideological motivation. Rather, he said, the state simply needed to save money. To cover the funding shortfall, Reagan suggested that California public colleges could charge residents tuition for the first time. This, he complained, “resulted in the almost hysterical charge that this would deny educational opportunities to those of the most moderate means. This is obviously untrue. … We made it plain that tuition must be accompanied by adequate loans to be paid back after graduation.”

    The success of Reagan’s attacks on California public colleges inspired conservative politicians across the U.S. Nixon decried “campus revolt.” Spiro Agnew, his vice president, proclaimed that thanks to open admissions policies, “unqualified students are being swept into college on the wave of the new socialism.”

    Prominent conservative intellectuals also took up the charge. Privately one worried that free education “may be producing a positively dangerous class situation” by raising the expectations of working-class students. Another referred to college students as “a parasite feeding on the rest of society” who exhibited a “failure to understand and to appreciate the crucial role played [by] the reward-punishment structure of the market.” The answer was “to close off the parasitic option.”

    In practice, this meant to the National Review, a “system of full tuition charges supplemented by loans which students must pay out of their future income.”

    In retrospect, this period was the clear turning point in America’s policies toward higher education. For decades, there had been enthusiastic bipartisan agreement that states should fund high-quality public colleges so that their youth could receive higher education for free or nearly so. That has now vanished. In 1968, California residents paid a $300 yearly fee to attend Berkeley, the equivalent of about $2,000 now. Now tuition at Berkeley is $15,000, with total yearly student costs reaching almost $40,000.

    Student debt, which had played a minor role in American life through the 1960s, increased during the Reagan administration and then shot up after the 2007-2009 Great Recession as states made huge cuts to funding for their college systems.

    That brings us to today. Biden’s actions, while positive, are merely a Band-Aid on a crisis 50 years in the making. In 1822, founding father James Madison wrote to a friend that “the liberal appropriations made by the Legislature of Kentucky for a general system of Education cannot be too much applauded. … Enlightened patriotism … is now providing for the State a Plan of Education embracing every class of Citizens.”

    “Knowledge will forever govern ignorance,” Madison explained, “and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.” Freeman and Reagan and their compatriots agreed with Madison’s perspective but wanted to prevent Americans from gaining this power. If we want to take another path, the U.S. will have to recover a vision of a well-educated populace not as a terrible threat, but as a positive force that makes the nation better for everyone — and so should largely be paid for by all of us.

    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/25/student-loans-debt-reagan
    #Roland_Reagan #Reagan #USA #Etats-Unis #histoire #origine #université #étudiants #endettement #dette_étudiante #how_it_begun #ESR #prolétariat #prolétariat_éduqué #educated_proletariat #classes_sociales #ascension_sociale #éducation #péril #sélection

  • 𝗥𝗮𝗰𝗶𝘀𝗺𝗼 𝗯𝗶𝗼𝗺𝗲́𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗼, 𝘁𝗲𝗼𝗿𝗶́𝗮 𝗾𝘂𝗲𝗲𝗿 𝘆 𝗹𝗮 𝗲𝗽𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗮 𝗱𝗲 𝘃𝗶𝗿𝘂𝗲𝗹𝗮 𝗱𝗲𝗹 𝗺𝗼𝗻𝗼
    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/11/monkeypox-joseph-osmundson-virology-queer-theory
    𝘜𝘯 𝘤𝘪𝘦𝘯𝘵𝘪́𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘰 𝘦𝘴𝘵𝘢́ 𝘵𝘰𝘮𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘰 𝘶𝘯𝘢 𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘴𝘱𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘷𝘢 𝘯𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘥𝘰𝘴𝘢 𝘥𝘦 𝘭𝘢 𝘳𝘦𝘭𝘢𝘤𝘪𝘰́𝘯 𝘦𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘦 𝘭𝘰𝘴 𝘩𝘶𝘮𝘢𝘯𝘰𝘴 𝘺 𝘭𝘰𝘴 𝘷𝘪𝘳𝘶𝘴

  • 𝗡𝗼𝗮𝗺 𝗖𝗵𝗼𝗺𝘀𝗸𝘆 𝘆 𝗝𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗺𝘆 𝗦𝗰𝗮𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗹 𝘀𝗼𝗯𝗿𝗲 𝗹𝗮 𝗴𝘂𝗲𝗿𝗿𝗮 𝗥𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗮-𝗨𝗰𝗿𝗮𝗻𝗶𝗮, 𝗹𝗼𝘀 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗼𝘀, 𝗹𝗮 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗽𝗮𝗴𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗮 𝘆 𝗹𝗮 𝗿𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗶𝗼́𝗻 𝗱𝗲 𝗰𝘂𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗮𝘀
    https://theintercept.com/2022/04/14/russia-ukraine-noam-chomsky-jeremy-scahill
    𝘕𝘰𝘢𝘮 𝘊𝘩𝘰𝘮𝘴𝘬𝘺 𝘩𝘢𝘣𝘭𝘰́ 𝘤𝘰𝘯 𝘑𝘦𝘳𝘦𝘮𝘺 𝘚𝘤𝘢𝘩𝘪𝘭𝘭 𝘥𝘦 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘐𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘤𝘦𝘱𝘵 𝘦𝘯 𝘶𝘯𝘢 𝘢𝘮𝘱𝘭𝘪𝘢 𝘥𝘪𝘴𝘤𝘶𝘴𝘪𝘰́𝘯 𝘴𝘰𝘣𝘳𝘦 𝘭𝘢 𝘪𝘯𝘷𝘢𝘴𝘪𝘰́𝘯 𝘳𝘶𝘴𝘢 𝘦𝘯 𝘜𝘤𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘪𝘢

  • 𝗘𝗻 𝗖𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗲 𝘀𝗲 𝗽𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘇𝗮 𝗵𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗮 𝗲𝗹 𝗮𝗴𝘂𝗮. 𝗟𝗮 𝗻𝘂𝗲𝘃𝗮 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗶𝘁𝘂𝗰𝗶𝗼́𝗻 𝗰𝗮𝗺𝗯𝗶𝗮𝗿𝗶́𝗮 𝗲𝘀𝗼
    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/12/chile-drought-water-constitution
    𝙀𝙣 𝙢𝙚𝙙𝙞𝙤 𝙙𝙚 𝙪𝙣𝙖 𝙨𝙚𝙦𝙪𝙞́𝙖 𝙙𝙚𝙫𝙖𝙨𝙩𝙖𝙙𝙤𝙧𝙖, 𝙡𝙤𝙨 𝙘𝙝𝙞𝙡𝙚𝙣𝙤𝙨 𝙫𝙤𝙩𝙖𝙣 𝙥𝙖𝙧𝙖 𝙧𝙚𝙚𝙢𝙥𝙡𝙖𝙯𝙖𝙧 𝙡𝙖 𝙘𝙤𝙣𝙨𝙩𝙞𝙩𝙪𝙘𝙞𝙤́𝙣 𝙙𝙚 𝙡𝙖 𝙚𝙧𝙖 𝙙𝙚 𝙋𝙞𝙣𝙤𝙘𝙝𝙚𝙩 𝙥𝙤𝙧 𝙪𝙣𝙖 𝙦𝙪𝙚 𝙡𝙡𝙖𝙢𝙖 𝙖𝙡 𝙖𝙜𝙪𝙖 𝙪𝙣 𝙙𝙚𝙧𝙚𝙘𝙝𝙤 𝙝𝙪𝙢𝙖𝙣𝙤

  • 𝗟𝗼𝘀 𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗱𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗻𝘀𝗲𝘀 𝗿𝗮𝗿𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗲 𝘃𝗲𝗻 𝗹𝗮 𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗱𝗮𝗱𝗲𝗿𝗮 𝗰𝗮𝗿𝗮 𝗱𝗲𝗹 𝗯𝗼𝗺𝗯𝗮𝗿𝗱𝗲𝗼 𝗱𝗲 𝗴𝗮𝘇𝗮 𝗽𝗼𝗿 𝗽𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗲 𝗱𝗲 𝗜𝘀𝗿𝗮𝗲𝗹
    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/10/israel-gaza-bombing-death-images
    𝘼𝙡 𝙧𝙚𝙝𝙪𝙞𝙧 𝙡𝙖𝙨 𝙞𝙢𝙖́𝙜𝙚𝙣𝙚𝙨 𝙜𝙧𝙖́𝙛𝙞𝙘𝙖𝙨 𝙙𝙚 𝙡𝙖 𝙢𝙪𝙚𝙧𝙩𝙚, 𝙡𝙖𝙨 𝙤𝙧𝙜𝙖𝙣𝙞𝙯𝙖𝙘𝙞𝙤𝙣𝙚𝙨 𝙙𝙚 𝙣𝙤𝙩𝙞𝙘𝙞𝙖𝙨 𝙨𝙖𝙣𝙚𝙖𝙣 𝙡𝙖 𝙫𝙞𝙤𝙡𝙚𝙣𝙘𝙞𝙖 𝙙𝙚 𝙡𝙖 𝙖𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙨𝙞𝙤́𝙣 𝙞𝙨𝙧𝙖𝙚𝙡𝙞́ 𝙘𝙤𝙣𝙩𝙧𝙖 𝙡𝙤𝙨 𝙥𝙖𝙡𝙚𝙨𝙩𝙞𝙣𝙤𝙨

  • AIPAC Defeats Andy Levin, Most Progressive Jewish Representative
    https://theintercept.com/2022/08/02/michigan-primary-andy-levin-results-aipac

    The American Israel Public Affairs Committee invested heavily in Michigan’s Democratic primaries on Tuesday, dropping over $8 million through its super PAC, United Democracy Project. Almost half of that spending went toward the race to unseat Democratic Rep. Andy Levin, who trailed fellow Rep. Haley Stevens with 40 to her 60 percent of the vote Wednesday morning.

    Other conservative pro-Israel groups with deep ties to AIPAC — like Democratic Majority for Israel, Urban Empowerment Action PAC, and Pro-Israel America PAC — also made substantial financial investments in Michigan races. The right-wing Israel lobby spent over $10 million altogether across the state’s 11th, 12th, and 13th congressional districts, far outpacing any other interest group or the fundraising from the candidates themselves.

    The campaign to defeat Levin marked a significant escalation in AIPAC’s push to quell criticism of Israel from Jewish members of Congress. “I’m really Jewish,” Levin told MSNBC’s Mehdi Hasan last week, “but AIPAC can’t stand the idea that I am the clearest, strongest Jewish voice in Congress standing for a simple proposition: that there is no way to have a secure, democratic homeland for the Jewish people unless we achieve the political and human rights of the Palestinian people.”

    Suite de : https://seenthis.net/messages/969157

    #usa #israël #lobying

  • L’Union européenne a discrètement fourni au Maroc de puissants systèmes de piratage des téléphones
    https://disclose.ngo/fr/article/union-europeenne-a-discretement-fourni-au-maroc-de-puissants-systemes-de-p

    Pour renforcer le contrôle des migrants, l’Union européenne a fourni à la police marocaine des logiciels d’extraction de données des téléphones. Faute de contrôle, ces technologies pourraient servir à accentuer la surveillance des journalistes et défenseurs des droits humains au Maroc. Lire l’article

    • Délits d’opinions, harcèlements, intimidations policières. Au Maroc, la répression contre celles et ceux qui contestent le régime s’est durement intensifiée. Abdellatif Hamamouchi, 28 ans, en a fait les frais. Un soir de juillet 2018, le journaliste et militant de l’Association marocaine des droits humains a fait l’objet d’une violente agression. Des hommes qui appartenaient selon lui à la police politique du régime l’ont « battu et jeté par terre » avant de lui prendre son téléphone portable. « Ils n’ont pris que mon téléphone, se souvient-il. Grâce à lui, ils ont pu avoir accès à mes e-mails, ma liste de contacts, mes échanges avec mes sources. » Comme lui, une dizaine de journalistes et militants marocains dont nous avons recueilli le témoignage expliquent s’être vu confisquer leurs téléphones à la suite d’une arrestation arbitraire. Selon eux, cette pratique obéirait à un unique objectif : renforcer le fichage des opposants présumés en collectant un maximum d’informations personnelles. Un contrôle qui, depuis 2019, pourrait être facilité par le soutien technologique et financier de l’Union européenne.

      Disclose, en partenariat avec l’hebdomadaire allemand Die Spiegel, révèle que l’UE a livré au Royaume du Maroc des puissants systèmes de surveillance numérique. Des logiciels conçus par deux sociétés spécialisées dans le piratage des téléphones et l’aspiration de données, MSAB et Oxygen forensic, avant d’être livrés aux autorités marocaines par Intertech Lebanon, une société franco-libanaise, sous la supervision du Centre international pour le développement des politiques migratoires (ICMPD). Objectif de ce transfert de technologies financé sur le budget du « programme de gestion des frontières pour la région Maghreb » de l’UE : lutter contre l’immigration irrégulière et le trafic d’êtres humains aux portes de l’UE.

      Selon des documents obtenus par Disclose et Die Spiegel auprès des institutions européennes, la société MSAB, d’origine suédoise, a fourni à la police marocaine un logiciel baptisé XRY capable de déverrouiller tous types de smartphones pour en extraire les données d’appels, de contacts, de localisation, mais aussi les messages envoyés et reçus par SMS, WhatsApp et Signal. Quant à Oxygen forensic, domiciliée pour sa part aux Etats-Unis, elle a livré un système d’extraction et d’analyse de données baptisé « Detective » (https://www.oxygen-forensic.com/uploads/doc_guide/Oxygen_Forensic_Detective_Getting_Started.pdf). Sa spécificité ? Contourner les verrouillages d’écran des appareils mobiles afin d’aspirer les informations stockées dans le cloud (Google, Microsoft ou Apple) ou les applications sécurisées de n’importe quel téléphone ou ordinateur. La différence notable avec le logiciel Pegasus, les deux logiciels nécessitent d’accéder physiquement au mobile à hacker, et ne permet pas de surveillance à distance.
      La police marocaine formée au piratage numérique

      A l’achat des logiciels et des ordinateurs qui vont avec, l’Union européenne a également financé des sessions de formations dispensées aux forces de police marocaine par les collaborateurs d’Intertech et les salariés de MSAB et Oxygen Forensic. Mais ce n’est pas tout. Selon des documents internes obtenus par l’ONG Privacy International, l’Europe a aussi envoyé ses propres experts issus du Collège européen de police, le CEPOL, pour une formation de quatre jours à Rabat entre le 10 et le 14 juin 2019. Au programme : sensibilisation à « la collecte d’information à partir d’Internet » ; « renforcement des capacités d’investigation numérique », introduction au « social hacking », une pratique qui consiste à soutirer des informations à quelqu’un via les réseaux sociaux.
      Contrôle inexistant

      Reste à savoir si ces outils de surveillance sont réellement, et exclusivement, utilisés à des fins de lutte contre l’immigration illégale. Or, d’après notre enquête, aucun contrôle n’a jamais été effectué. Que ce soit de la part des fabricants ou des fonctionnaires européens. Dit autrement, le Maroc pourrait décider d’utiliser ses nouvelles acquisitions à des fins de répression interne sans que l’Union européenne n’en sache rien. Un risque d’autant plus sérieux, selon des chercheurs en sécurité numérique joints par Disclose, que les logiciels XRY et Detective ne laissent pas de traces dans les appareils piratés. A la grande différence d’une autre technologie bien connue des services marocains : le logiciel israélien Pegasus, qui permet de pirater un appareil à distance. Le système Pegasus a été massivement employé par le Maroc dans le but d’espionner des journalistes, des militants des droits humains et des responsables politiques étrangers de premier plan, comme l’a révélé le consortium de journalistes Forbidden Stories (https://forbiddenstories.org/fr/case/le-pegasus-project) en 2021. Avec les solutions XRY et Detective, « dès que vous avez un accès physique à un téléphone, vous avez accès à tout », souligne Edin Omanovic, membre de l’ONG Privacy international. Un élément qu’il estime « inquiétant », poursuit-il, « dans un contexte où les autorités ciblent les défenseurs des droits de l’homme et les journalistes ».

      Afin de garantir que le matériel ne sera pas détourné de son objet officiel, la Commission européenne, sollicitée par Disclose, affirme qu’un document d’engagement a été signé par les autorités marocaines – il ne nous a pas été transmis. D’après un porte-parole, ledit document mentionnerait l’usage de ces technologies dans le seul but de lutter « contre le trafic d’êtres humains ». Rien d’autre ? « L’UE fait confiance à Rabat pour respecter son engagement, c’est de sa responsabilité », élude le porte-parole.En réalité, ce transfert de technologies devrait faire l’objet d’une attention particulièrement accrue. Pour cause : les systèmes fournis par l’UE sont classés dans la catégorie des biens à double usage (BDU), c’est-à-dire des biens qui peuvent être utilisés dans un contexte militaire et civil. Ce type d’exportation est même encadré par une position commune de l’UE, datée de 2008. Celle-ci stipule que le transfert des biens à double usage est interdit dès lors qu’il « existe un risque manifeste » que le matériel livré puisse être utilisé à des fins de « répression interne ». Un risque largement établi dans le cas marocain, comme l’a démontré l’affaire Pegasus.

      Contactés, MSAB et Oxygen Forensic ont refusé de nous répondre. Même chose du côté des régulateurs suédois et américains sur les exportations de biens à double usage. Alexandre Taleb, le PDG d’Intertech, la société responsable du déploiement des technologies, a été plus loquace. « Mes clients savent ce qu’ils achètent, je n’ai pas à les juger. Ils ont plus de 400 millions d’habitants qui peuvent s’en charger, déclare-t-il. Si le Maroc a des problèmes démocratiques, c’est une chose, mais nos outils ne sont pas la cause de ces problèmes ». Pour ce marché, Intertech a empoché près de 400 000 euros.

      Au parlement européen, ces exportations sont loin de faire l’unanimité. « Sous prétexte de sécuriser nos frontières, nous ne pouvons pas nous contenter des promesses d’un régime autoritaire, déplore ainsi l’eurodéputée Markéta Gregorová (groupe des Verts). C’est une négligence délibérée et moralement inacceptable de la part de l’Europe ». Une négligence qui passe d’autant plus mal que la société MSAB a été accusée (https://theintercept.com/2021/06/14/myanmar-msab-eu-technology-regulation) d’avoir équipé la police birmane en 2019, à un moment où des exactions contre des civils étaient connues et documentées.

      #externalisation #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Maroc #UE #EU #surveillance_numérique #complexe_militaro-industriel #surveillance #répression #logiciels #aspiration_des_données #piratage_des_téléphones #MSAB #Oxygen_forensic #Intertech_Lebanon #Centre_international_pour_le_développement_des_politiques_migratoires (#ICMPD) #technologie #transfert_de_technologies #gestion_des_frontières #frontières #contrôles_frontaliers #programme_de_gestion_des_frontières_pour_la_région_Maghreb #XRY #detective #Pegasus #téléphones_portables #smartphone #piratage_numérique #Collège_européen_de_police (#CEPOL) #formation #police #social_hacking #hacking #réseaux_sociaux #biens_à_double_usage (#BDU) #répression_interne #Alexandre_Taleb

  • Foreign Fighters in Ukraine Could Be Time Bomb for Their Home Countries
    https://theintercept.com/2022/06/30/ukraine-azov-neo-nazi-foreign-fighter

    The real question, when it comes to Ukraine’s foreign legion and some of the more distasteful characters that its international call-to-arms has attracted, is how much of a threat they pose to their countries of origin. The loosely organized International Legion, which may not have any central command, is limited in its ability to vet volunteers. Radical miscreants from all over the world who subscribe to the blood-and-soil ideology of neo-Nazi subcultures like the Misanthropic Division have a very real opportunity to travel to Ukraine, get military training, and participate in intense armed conflict against a technologically advanced enemy. If they survive, their combat experience could give them the confidence and ability to carry out acts of political violence in their home countries. This is clearly cause for concern at a time when incidents of hate crimes and domestic terrorism are on the rise.

    Note : l’article prend soin de réfuter l’idée que toute l’Ukraine (ou ses forces armées) serait gangrenée par les néo-nazis. En revanche, la question du retour des éléments extrémistes qui vont faire leurs classes au combat est préoccupante. (Vu qu’on cause en ce moment de jihadistes revenus de Syrie et des crimes qu’ils ont commis en France…)

  • Cops Didn’t Stop the Uvalde, Texas, School Shooting
    https://theintercept.com/2022/05/25/texas-uvalde-shooting-school-police

    The Associated Press reported Thursday morning that parents urged police on the scene to follow the shooter into the school after seeing him rush inside with his rifle. When they didn’t, some parents attempted to enter themselves, but the police stopped them. A video from the scene shows one cop pinning a person to the ground while another brandishes a stun gun. One of the children who survived told local news station KENS 5 that an officer instructed them to yell “help” if they needed it — and one of the kids who did was discovered and killed by the shooter.

    As the number of school resource officers has ballooned over the last two decades, so has the number of school shootings. There is no evidence that police have the ability to stop these shootings from happening. “The idea that a standard armed school police officer is gonna stop someone in that situation has proven not to be true, time and time again,” said Alex Vitale, a sociologist at the City University of New York and the author of “The End of Policing,” who noted that police and security guards are often the first casualties in mass shooting events.

    • Vu d’autres articles là-dessus, qui indiquent qu’en multipliant les flics dans les écoles, ces flics n’ont absolument pas amélioré la sécurité (contre les massacres), mais ont passé leur temps à faire chier les gamins pour des questions de discipline.

      Au bout d’un moment les parents se seraient tellement plaints qu’on leur a interdit de faire de la discipline, et du coup au lieu de faire de la discipline ils se sont mis à faire ce qu’ils savent faire : coller des amendes à tire-larigot aux gamins pour le moindre truc.

      Et du coup maintenant ils ont des collégiens au tribunal pour se défendre parce qu’on a ainsi criminalisé ce qui normalement relève de questions de discipline dans une école, pas des tribunaux.

      Donc mettre des flics dans les écoles n’a pas du tout protégé les écoles, mais a au contraire criminaliser le moindre comportement adolescent.

  • Palestinian Poem Sets Off Antisemitism Fight at Georgetown
    Murtaza Hussain - April 29 2022 - The Intercept
    https://theintercept.com/2022/04/29/palestine-poem-antisemitism-adl-mohammed-el-kurd

    Controversy erupted this week over a young Palestinian activist’s invitation to speak at Georgetown Law School. In advance of the event, the Anti-Defamation League, or ADL, accused 23-year-old Palestinian writer Mohammed El-Kurd of being antisemitic — an allegation that was echoed by conservative media outlets. Though the event on Tuesday went ahead as planned, Georgetown has come under pressure in the media, as well as from some students and faculty, to condemn El-Kurd and disavow the event.

    The war of words began a few days before the Georgetown event, when Jonathan Greenblatt, the liberal head of the ADL, shared a dossier accusing El-Kurd of antisemitism based on a selection of his tweets and past writing. Most of the accusations were based on social media posts from El-Kurd loudly chastising Israel and Zionism.

    One item from the ADL dossier, however, has become the centerpiece of the campaign against the writer: a line from a poem he wrote that is now being alleged to echo a medieval antisemitic trope known as the “blood libel,” an accusation originated in medieval Europe that Jews consumed the blood of non-Jews for ritual purposes.

    The passage in question came from El-Kurd’s book of poetry published last year, “Rifqa.” In one of the poems, El-Kurd, who denies the charges of antisemitism, wrote, “They harvest organs of the martyred, feed their warriors our own.”

    The line includes one of the few footnotes in the volume of poetry, directing the reader to a decade-old news story in which the Israeli government admitted to harvesting organs from bodies of Palestinians, as well as some Israelis, without their families’ consent in the 1990s.

    El-Kurd denied that the line from the poem had anything to do with the “blood libel” trope, saying in an interview that until very recently he had not been familiar with it. “When I wrote this poem, I was like 14 or 15 years old,” El-Kurd said. “I literally only understood what blood libel was like two months ago. I’d never in my life even heard of this concept.” (...)

  • New Amazon Worker Chat App Would Ban Words Like “Union”
    https://theintercept.com/2022/04/04/amazon-union-living-wage-restrooms-chat-app

    Orwellien !!!

    Also: “Grievance,” “slave labor,” “This is dumb,” “living wage,” “diversity,” “vaccine,” and others.
    Ken Klippenstein
    Ken Klippenstein

    April 4 2022, 9:27 p.m.

    Amazon will block and flag employee posts on a planned internal messaging app that contain keywords pertaining to labor unions, according to internal company documents reviewed by The Intercept. An automatic word monitor would also block a variety of terms that could represent potential critiques of Amazon’s working conditions, like “slave labor,” “prison,” and “plantation,” as well as “restrooms” — presumably related to reports of Amazon employees relieving themselves in bottles to meet punishing quotas.

    “Our teams are always thinking about new ways to help employees engage with each other,” said Amazon spokesperson Barbara M. Agrait. “This particular program has not been approved yet and may change significantly or even never launch at all.”

    In November 2021, Amazon convened a high-level meeting in which top executives discussed plans to create an internal social media program that would let employees recognize co-workers’ performance with posts called “Shout-Outs,” according to a source with direct knowledge.
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    The major goal of the program, Amazon’s head of worldwide consumer business, Dave Clark, said, was to reduce employee attrition by fostering happiness among workers — and also productivity. Shout-Outs would be part of a gamified rewards system in which employees are awarded virtual stars and badges for activities that “add direct business value,” documents state. At the meeting, Clark remarked that “some people are insane star collectors.”

    But company officials also warned of what they called “the dark side of social media” and decided to actively monitor posts in order to ensure a “positive community.” At the meeting, Clark suggested that the program should resemble an online dating app like Bumble, which allows individuals to engage one on one, rather than a more forum-like platform like Facebook.
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    Following the meeting, an “auto bad word monitor” was devised, constituting a blacklist that would flag and automatically block employees from sending a message that contains any profane or inappropriate keywords. In addition to profanities, however, the terms include many relevant to organized labor, including “union,” “grievance,” “pay raise,” and “compensation.” Other banned keywords include terms like “ethics,” “unfair,” “slave,” “master,” “freedom,” “diversity,” “injustice,” and “fairness.” Even some phrases like “This is concerning” will be banned.
    Do you work for Amazon? Text tips to Ken Klippenstein via Signal at 202-510-1268.

    “With free text, we risk people writing Shout-Outs that generate negative sentiments among the viewers and the receivers,” a document summarizing the program states. “We want to lean towards being restrictive on the content that can be posted to prevent a negative associate experience.”

    In addition to the automated system, managers will have the authority to flag or suppress any Shout-Outs that they find inappropriate, the documents show.

    A pilot program is slated to launch later this month. In addition to slurs and swear words, the planned list includes the following words:

    I hate
    Union
    Fire
    Terminated
    Compensation
    Pay Raise
    Bullying
    Harassment
    I don’t care
    Rude
    This is concerning
    Stupid
    This is dumb
    Prison
    Threat
    Petition
    Grievance
    Injustice
    Diversity
    Ethics
    Fairness

    Accessibility
    Vaccine
    Senior Ops
    Living Wage
    Representation
    Unfair
    Favoritism
    Rate
    TOT
    Unite/unity
    Plantation
    Slave
    Slave labor
    Master
    Concerned
    Freedom
    Restrooms
    Robots
    Trash
    Committee
    Coalition

    “If it does launch at some point down the road,” said the Amazon spokesperson, “there are no plans for many of the words you’re calling out to be screened. The only kinds of words that may be screened are ones that are offensive or harassing, which is intended to protect our team.”

    Amazon has experimented with social media programs in the past. In 2018, the company launched a pilot program in which employees were handpicked to form a Twitter army advocating for the company, as The Intercept reported. The workers were selected for their “great sense of humor,” leaked documents showed.

    On Friday, Amazon workers at a fulfillment center in Staten Island, New York, stunned the nation by becoming the first Amazon location to successfully unionize. This came as a shock to many because it was achieved by an independent union not affiliated with an established union and that operated on a shoestring budget. With a budget of $120,000, the Amazon Labor Union managed to defeat the $1.5 trillion behemoth, which spent $4.3 million on anti-union consultants in 2021 alone.
    Related
    Amazon Did Everything It Could to Bust the Staten Island Union. They Overcame It All.

    Adding to the David-and-Goliath overtones, the Amazon Labor Union’s president, Christian Smalls, a 33-year old former rapper, had been fired by the company after leading a small walkout calling for better workplace protections against the coronavirus in 2020. Amazon executives denigrated Smalls, who is Black, as “not smart or articulate” during a meeting with then-CEO Jeff Bezos, according to leaked memo reported by Vice News.

    Safety issues have been a perennial concern for Amazon workers. In December, a tornado killed six Amazon employees in a warehouse in Edwardsville, Illinois. Many employees said that they had received virtually no emergency training, as The Intercept reported. (The House Oversight Committee recently launched an investigation into Amazon’s workplace safety policies.)

    In 2020, workers at an Amazon fulfillment center in Bessemer, Alabama, tried to join the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union. The attempt became unusually high-profile, attracting the attention of President Joe Biden, who released a statement saying, “Every worker should have a free and fair choice to join a union … without intimidation or threats by employers.”

    The Bessemer vote failed, but the National Labor Relations Board ordered a new election, citing undue interference by Amazon. The Bessemer warehouse held a second vote that was also counted last week, and while the initial tally favored Amazon, the vote was much closer than the previous one and will ultimately depend on the results of challenged ballots.

    Amazon released a statement Friday saying that it is considering filing an objection to the Staten Island union vote, alleging interference by the NLRB.

    Update: April 4, 2022, 5:17 p.m. ET
    The headline and article have been updated to emphasize that the app is still in the planning phase and has not yet launched. It has also been updated to include comment from Amazon denying that “many” of the words obtained by The Intercept would be screened out.

    #Amazon #Orwell #Surveillance #Psychologie_comportementale

  • Une analyse de #Naomi_Klein parue dans The Intercept le 1er mars dans laquelle elle dénonce un climat de nostalgie toxique qui profite aux pourvoyeurs de sources d’#énergies_fossiles. Pour elle, l’unique planche de salut sera l’abandon de ces sources d’énergie (dont le #pétrole) ainsi que la remise en cause du concept de #croissance puisque « la guerre refaçonne notre monde mais l’urgence climatique aussi ». Mais quid de la place du nucléaire dit « civil » dans cet avenir ? Car dans ce domaine, le diable se cache souvent dans l’absence de détail ...

    https://theintercept.com/2022/03/01/war-climate-crisis-putin-trump-oil-gas

    et sa traduction (pour AOC) par Hélène Borraz :

    https://justpaste.it/84lgt

    Nostalgia for empire is what seems to drive Vladimir Putin — that and a desire to overcome the shame of punishing economic shock therapy imposed on Russia at the end of the Cold War. Nostalgia for American “greatness” is part of what drives the movement Donald Trump still leads — that and a desire to overcome the shame of having to face the villainy of white supremacy that shaped the founding of the United States and mutilates it still. Nostalgia is also what animates the Canadian truckers who occupied Ottawa for the better part of a month, wielding their red-and-white flags like a conquering army, evoking a simpler time when their consciences were undisturbed by thoughts of the bodies of Indigenous children, whose remains are still being discovered on the grounds of those genocidal institutions that once dared to call themselves “schools.”