World news and comment from the Guardian

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  • Les États-Unis mettent hors service une société israélienne de logiciels d’espionnage Moon of Alabama
    https://www.moonofalabama.org/2021/07/us-takes-down-israeli-spy-software-company.html#more
    https://lesakerfrancophone.fr/les-etats-unis-mettent-hors-service-une-societe-israelienne-de-lo

    Un certain nombre de journaux, dans le monde entier, parlent aujourd’hui https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jul/18/revealed-leak-uncovers-global-abuse-of-cyber-surveillance-weapon-nso-gr de la société de piratage israélienne NSO qui vend des logiciels d’espionnage [nommés Pegasus, NdT] à divers régimes. Ce logiciel est ensuite utilisé pour espionner les téléphones des ennemis du régime, des adversaires politiques ou des journalistes qui déplaisent. Tout cela était déjà bien connu, mais l’histoire a pris un nouvel essor puisque plusieurs centaines de personnes qui sont espionnées peuvent maintenant être nommées.

    La façon dont cela s’est produit est intéressante https://www.washingtonpost.com/gdpr-consent/?next_url=https%3a%2f%2fwww.washingtonpost.com%2finvestigations%2fin :

    Les téléphones sont apparus sur une liste de plus de 50 000 numéros concentrés dans des pays connus pour surveiller leurs citoyens et également connus pour avoir été clients de la société israélienne NSO Group, un leader mondial dans le secteur, en pleine expansion et largement non réglementé, des logiciels d’espionnage privés, selon l’enquête.

    La liste ne permet pas de savoir qui y a inscrit les numéros, ni pourquoi, et on ignore combien de téléphones ont été ciblés ou surveillés. Mais l’analyse technique de 37 smartphones montre que beaucoup d’entre eux présentent une corrélation étroite entre les horodatages associés à un numéro de la liste et le déclenchement de la surveillance, dans certains cas aussi brève que quelques secondes.

    Forbidden Stories, une organisation de journalisme à but non lucratif basée à Paris, et Amnesty International, une organisation de défense des droits de l’homme, ont eu accès à cette liste et l’ont partagée avec certains journaux, qui ont effectué des recherches et des analyses supplémentaires. Le Security Lab d’Amnesty International a effectué les analyses techniques des smartphones.

    Les chiffres figurant sur la liste ne sont pas attribués, mais les journalistes ont pu identifier plus de 1 000 personnes dans plus de 50 pays grâce à des recherches et des entretiens sur quatre continents.

    Qui aurait pu dresser une telle liste pour la donner à Amnesty et à Forbidden Stories ?

    NSO est l’une des sociétés israéliennes utilisées pour mettre sur le marché le travail de l’unité de renseignement militaire israélienne, 8200. Les « anciens » membres de 8200 sont employés par NSO pour produire des outils d’espionnage qui sont ensuite vendus à des gouvernements étrangers. Le prix de la licence est de 7 à 8 millions de dollars pour 50 téléphones à espionner. C’est une affaire louche mais lucrative pour cette société et pour l’État d’Israël.

    NSO nie les allégations selon lesquelles son logiciel est utilisé pour des objectifs malsains en racontant beaucoup de conneries https://www.nsogroup.com/Newses/following-the-publication-of-the-recent-article-by-forbidden-stories-we-wa :

    Le rapport de Forbidden Stories est rempli d’hypothèses erronées et de théories non corroborées qui soulèvent de sérieux doutes sur la fiabilité et les intérêts de leurs sources. Il semble que ces "sources non identifiées" aient fourni des informations qui n’ont aucune base factuelle et sont loin de la réalité.

    Après avoir vérifié leurs affirmations, nous démentons fermement les fausses allégations faites dans leur rapport. Leurs sources leur ont fourni des informations qui n’ont aucune base factuelle, comme le montre l’absence de documentation à l’appui de nombre de leurs affirmations. En fait, ces allégations sont tellement scandaleuses et éloignées de la réalité que NSO envisage de porter plainte pour diffamation.

    Les rapports affirment, par exemple, que le gouvernement indien du Premier ministre Narendra Modi a utilisé le logiciel de NSO pour espionner https://thewire.in/government/rahul-gandhi-pegasus-spyware-target-2019-polls le chef du parti d’opposition, Rahul Gandhi.

    Comment NSO pourrait-elle nier cette allégation ? Elle ne le peut pas.

    Plus loin dans la déclaration de NSO, la société se contredit https://www.nsogroup.com/Newses/following-the-publication-of-the-recent-article-by-forbidden-stories-we-wa sur ces questions :

    Comme NSO l’a déclaré précédemment, notre technologie n’a été associée en aucune façon au meurtre odieux de Jamal Khashoggi. Nous pouvons confirmer que notre technologie n’a pas été utilisée pour écouter, surveiller, suivre ou collecter des informations le concernant ou concernant les membres de sa famille mentionnés dans l’enquête. Nous avons déjà enquêté sur cette allégation, qui, une fois encore, est faite sans validation.

    Nous tenons à souligner que NSO vend ses technologies uniquement aux services de police et aux agences de renseignement de gouvernements contrôlés dans le seul but de sauver des vies en prévenant la criminalité et les actes terroristes. NSO n’exploite pas le système et n’a aucune visibilité sur les données.

    Comment NSO peut-elle nier que le gouvernement saoudien, l’un de ses clients reconnus, a utilisé son logiciel pour espionner Jamal Khashoggi, puis l’assassiner, en disant qu’il « n’exploite pas le système » et « n’a aucune visibilité sur les données » ?

    Vous ne pouvez pas prétendre à la fois a. recueillir des informations et b. n’avoir aucun moyen de les recueillir.

    Mais revenons à la vraie question :
    • Qui a la capacité de dresser une liste de 50 000 numéros de téléphone dont au moins 1 000 ont été espionnés avec le logiciel de NSO ?
    • Qui peut faire « fuiter » une telle liste à ONG et s’assurer que de nombreux médias « occidentaux » s’en emparent ?
    • Qui a intérêt à faire fermer NSO ou du moins à rendre ses activités plus difficiles ?

    La concurrence, je dirais. Et le seul véritable concurrent dans ce domaine est l’Agence nationale de sécurité [la NSA, NdT] étatsunienne.

    Les États-Unis utilisent souvent le « renseignement » comme une sorte de monnaie diplomatique pour maintenir les autres pays dans une situation de dépendance. Si les Saoudiens sont obligés de demander aux États-Unis d’espionner quelqu’un, il est beaucoup plus facile d’avoir de l’influence sur eux. Le NSO gêne cette activité. Il y a aussi le problème que ce logiciel d’espionnage de première classe que NSO vend à des clients un peu louches pourrait bien tomber entre les mains d’un adversaire des États-Unis.

    La « fuite » à Amnesty et Forbidden Stories est donc un moyen de conserver un certain contrôle monopolistique sur les régimes clients et sur les technologies d’espionnage. (Les Panama Papers étaient un type similaire de « fuite » parrainée par les États-Unis, mais dans le domaine financier).

    Edward Snowden, qui était autrefois un partisan convaincu de la NSA mais qui en a divulgué des documents parce qu’il voulait qu’elle respecte la loi, soutient cette campagne :

    Edward Snowden @Snowden - 16:28 UTC - 18 juil. 2021 https://twitter.com/Snowden/status/1416797153524174854

    Arrêtez ce que vous êtes en train de faire et lisez ceci. Cette fuite va être l’histoire de l’année : https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jul/18/revealed-leak-uncovers-global-abuse-of-cyber-surveillance-weapon-nso-gr

    Edward Snowden @Snowden - 15:23 UTC - 19 juil. 2021 https://twitter.com/Snowden/status/1417143168752095239

    Il y a certaines industries, certains secteurs, contre lesquels il n’y a aucune protection. Nous n’autorisons pas un marché commercial pour les armes nucléaires. Si vous voulez vous protéger, vous devez changer la donne, et la façon dont nous le faisons est de mettre fin à ce commerce.
    Guardian : Edward Snowden demande l’interdiction du commerce de logiciels espions dans le cadre des révélations sur Pegasus https://www.theguardian.com/news/2021/jul/19/edward-snowden-calls-spyware-trade-ban-pegasus-revelations

    Edward Snowden semble vouloir dire https://www.theguardian.com/news/2021/jul/19/edward-snowden-calls-spyware-trade-ban-pegasus-revelations que NSO, qui ne vend ses logiciels qu’aux gouvernements, devrait cesser de le faire mais que la NSA devrait continuer à utiliser cet instrument d’espionnage :

    Dans une interview accordée au Guardian, M. Snowden a déclaré que les conclusions du consortium illustraient la manière dont les logiciels malveillants commerciaux avaient permis aux régimes répressifs de placer beaucoup plus de personnes sous une surveillance invasive.

    L’opinion de Snowden à ce sujet est plutôt étrange :
    chinahand @chinahand - 17:28 UTC - 19 juil. 2021 https://twitter.com/chinahand/status/1417174487678656527

    Fascinant de voir comment M."La surveillance étatique américaine est la plus grande menace pour l’humanité" s’énerve sur le fait qu’un peu de surveillance étatique est apparemment externalisée à un entrepreneur privé par des acteurs étatiques de niveau moyen et bas.

    Edward Snowden @Snowden - 17:06 UTC - 19 juil. 2021 https://twitter.com/Snowden/status/1417168921472405504

    Lisez les articles sur les fonctionnaires de Biden, Trump et Obama qui ont accepté de l’argent du groupe NSO pour enterrer toute responsabilité, même après leur implication dans la mort et la détention de journalistes et de défenseurs des droits dans le monde entier !
    WaPo : Comment les assoiffés de pouvoir de Washington ont profité des ambitions de NSO en matière d’espionnage https://www.washingtonpost.com/gdpr-consent/?next_url=https%3a%2f%2fwww.washingtonpost.com%2ftechnology%2f2021%2

    Le tumulte créé dans les médias par les révélations concernant NSO a déjà eu l’effet escompté https://www.vice.com/en/article/xgx5bw/amazon-aws-shuts-down-nso-group-infrastructure :

    Amazon Web Services (AWS) a fermé l’infrastructure et les comptes liés au fournisseur israélien de logiciels de surveillance NSO Group, a déclaré Amazon dans un communiqué.

    Cette mesure intervient alors que des médias et des organisations militantes ont publié de nouvelles recherches sur les logiciels malveillants de NSO et les numéros de téléphone potentiellement sélectionnés pour être ciblés par les gouvernements clients de NSO.

    "Lorsque nous avons appris cette activité, nous avons agi rapidement pour fermer l’infrastructure et les comptes concernés", a déclaré, dans un courriel, un porte-parole d’AWS à Motherboard.
    Cela fait des années qu’AWS est au courant des activités de NSO. NSO a utilisé CloudFront, un réseau de diffusion de contenu appartenant à Amazon :

    L’infrastructure de CloudFront a été utilisée pour déployer les logiciels malveillants de NSO contre des cibles, notamment sur le téléphone d’un avocat français spécialisé dans les droits de l’homme, selon le rapport d’Amnesty. Le passage à CloudFront protège aussi quelque peu NSO contre des enquêteurs ou d’autres tiers qui tenteraient de découvrir l’infrastructure de l’entreprise.

    "L’utilisation de services en nuage protège NSO Group de certaines techniques de balayage d’Internet", ajoute le rapport d’Amnesty.

    Cette protection n’est plus valable. NSO aura bien du mal à remplacer un service aussi pratique.

    Israël s’en plaindra, mais il me semble que les États-Unis ont décidé de faire fermer NSO.

    Pour vous et moi, cela ne réduira que marginalement le risque d’être espionné.
    Moon of Alabama
    Traduit par Wayan, relu par Hervé, pour le Saker Francophone

    #nso #NSA #israel #Amnesty #police #agences_de_renseignement #Edward_Snowden #CloudFront #surveillance #pegasus #spyware #écoutes #smartphone #journalisme #hacking #sécuritaire #espionnage #géolocalisation #jamal_khashoggi #Forbidden_Stories #Amazon #Amazon_Web_Services #AWS
    #USA #CloudFront

    • La firme derrière Pegasus est liée au Luxembourg
      http://www.lessentiel.lu/fr/luxembourg/story/la-firme-derriere-pegasus-est-liee-au-luxembourg-15258218

      Jean Asselborn, ministre des Affaires étrangères, a confirmé l’existence au Luxembourg de deux bureaux de la firme israélienne NSO Group, qui a conçu le logiciel Pegasus, accusé d’avoir été utilisé par plusieurs États pour espionner les téléphones de journalistes et de dissidents.

      Selon le ministre, les bureaux luxembourgeois servent au back office, c’est-à-dire au contrôle des opérations financières de l’entreprise. Un communiqué de l’entreprise datant de 2019 précise que le siège social se trouve au Luxembourg. « NSO développe des technologies qui aident les services de renseignements et les agences étatiques à prévenir et enquêter sur le terrorisme et le crime », indique l’entreprise, dans sa présentation. Il serait même « un leader mondial » en la matière, générant « 250 millions de dollars de revenus en 2018 ». NSO affirme aussi s’être passé de clients à cause d’un non-respect des droits de l’homme.

      Un tour politique
      Mais la nature des activités au Grand-Duché reste floue. D’après Amnesty International, le logiciel Pegasus n’a pas été conçu au Grand-Duché. Aucune demande d’exportation de produit n’a d’ailleurs été formulée. « Je ne peux dire qu’une chose. S’il s’avère que le groupe NSO au Luxembourg a commis des violations des droits de l’homme, alors le Luxembourg doit réagir et réagira », a déclaré Asselborn. Ce dernier a envoyé une lettre aux dirigeants concernés pour rappeler les obligations en matière de droits de l’homme.

      Le sujet n’a pas encore été évoqué en commission des Affaires étrangères à la Chambre, expliquent des députés concernés. L’affaire a cependant vite pris un tour politique, avec d’abord une question parlementaire urgente du parti Pirates, sommant le gouvernement d’indiquer si des journalistes, politiciens ou militants au Luxembourg sont concernés par le scandale d’espionnage et quels sont les liens entre NSO et le Grand-Duché. Le parti déi Lénk demande aux autorités de réagir, bien au-delà du « Pacte national entreprises et droits de l’homme », avec une « loi opposable et munie des moyens financiers et personnels permettant d’intervenir pour mettre fin au mépris envers les droits humains ».

    • Hilarants ces politiques et ces journalistes choqués par leur surveillance !

      On n’a pas arrêté, ces dernières années, d’étendre toujours plus la surveillance du citoyen, depuis l’extension des caméras de surveillance partout sur le territoire jusqu’à la reconnaissance faciale qui ne cesse de progresser, y compris en France, jamais en retard d’une idée pour nous pister, nous surveiller, nous fliquer.

      Une surveillance active, intrusive, poussée, de plus en plus vicelarde, de certaines cibles aisément identifiées par ceux qui sont pouvoir, pour le profit personnel des politiciens et de leurs amis.

      Pour elles et eux, les drones qui seront sans nul doute utilisés pour mieux canaliser les mouvements de foule, les manifestations, pas de problème.
      Pour elles et eux, la loi européenne « ePrivacy » qui instaure de manière dérogatoire une surveillance automatisée de masse des échanges numériques sur internet en Europe, pas de problème.
      Le smartphone obligatoire, pas de problème.

      Ne parlons pas des données sur nos enfants, envoyées directement chez microsoft, education nationale, santé . . .
      Ne parlons pas non plus de toutes les informations possibles et imaginables que les gafam nous volent, de façon de plus en plus vicieuse.

      Pegasus, ePrivacy, pass sanitaire, la société qui se dessine ces dernières semaines devient véritablement cauchemardesque.
      Bon, d’après Edward Snowden la NSA n’aimait pas la concurrence pour ce qui est de nous espionner, et Julian Assange est toujours en prison, en Angleterre, sans aucun motif.

      Pour le reste, l’essentiel, c’est de monter à dessein les habitants de ce pays les uns contre les autres, et c’est une réussite.

  • Covid live news: accinated UK travellers returning to England from all amber list countries except France will not need to quarantine on arrival | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2021/jul/17/covid-live-news-beta-variant-may-evade-vaccines-say-experts-as-uk-faces
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ca20b990d1a98167a0b47a54a00957bbcf1f0b1b/0_106_2961_1776/master/2961.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    From Monday, vaccinated UK travellers returning to England from all amber list countries except France will not need to quarantine on arrival if they have been double vaccinated or are under the age of 18.
    The France announcement underlines the uncertainty in some areas over the lifting of lockdown restrictions in England from 19 July, PA Media reports.It also marks another hit to the fortunes of the travel sector, with industry body Abta saying it was a further setback for hopes of a “meaningful recovery”.It also came just two days after the Spanish holiday islands of Ibiza, Mallorca and Menorca were moved from green to amber, meaning anyone over 18 who is not fully vaccinated must quarantine on their return.The UK health secretary. Sajid Javid, said the government had always been clear it would take rapid action at the borders to “protect the gains made by our successful vaccination programme”, while Labour accused ministers of creating holiday “chaos”.
    Ministers are making up rules on the hoof and causing chaos. They have never had a proper strategy in place - once again the travel industry and the British people are paying the price.Meanwhile, the French tourism minister, Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, tweeted on Saturday morning that France was adapting its border measures to require non-vaccinated travellers arriving from the UK, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, the Netherlands and Portugal to complete an antigen or PCR test less than 24 hours before departure.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#france#grandebretagne#quarantaine#vaccination#paysarisque#travailleur#retour

  • Coronavirus live: China could keep border restrictions for a year, report says; Italy to lift outdoor mask rules | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2021/jun/22/coronavirus-live-news-scotland-to-announce-life-beyond-level-zero-north
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/f34bc1df3cf2a1dc41a47daf114a529a7cd340fd/0_44_3000_1800/master/3000.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    China plans to retain border restrictions for another year - report. The Wall Street Journal reports that China could keep its border restrictions to control the pandemic for another year amid variant fears and a desire to protect important events from any potential disruption. The Winter Olympics is to take place in the country in February, while there will also be a once-a-decade power transition within the ruling party that is set to be less transitional than usual as leader Xi Jinping is expected to seek an additional term, past the two-term limit.The provisional timeline of the second half of 2022 was set during a mid-May meeting of the country’s state council, the WSJ reported, citing a person familiar with the matter.
    New visas to enter China are mostly restricted to those who have received a Chinese jab, while arrivals also have to spend at least a fortnight in hotel quarantine. China has not yet approved any of the WHO-approved western vaccines, and vice versa. It is as yet unclear whether China will follow Japan and not allow foreign spectators for the February games, with only Japanese residents permitted to attend the Tokyo games next month. Last month, Australia said it would gradually begin to open its borders in mid-2022

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#chine#frontiere#circulation#sante#fermeture#variant#pandemie

  • The short life and long journey of Artin, found dead on Norway beach | Refugees | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jun/08/artins-journey-asylum-seeker-speaks-of-the-smuggling-trade-that-killed-


    L’article affiche ce graphique avec sa légende. Cette version brute représente l’itinéraire tragique de beaucoup dont le dernier point constitue sa qualité unique. La majorité des disparus restent sans sépulture.

    Friend of 15-month-old’s family reveals details of Channel smuggling trade that led to their deaths

    The authorities in Norway did not have much to go on when they found the body on the shore on New Year’s Day. But the baby boy was wearing a jacket – navy blue with white stitching.

    And that helped them solve the mystery of what had happened to 15-month-old Artin Iran Nezhad, who had last been seen weeks before and hundreds of miles away.

    The toddler had been photographed wearing the same coat in a refugee camp in Calais, not long before he and his family boarded an overcrowded boat to cross the Channel that then capsized.

    All five members of Artin’s Kurdish Iranian family were lost in the incident on 27 October 2020 – his mother, Shiva Mohammad Panahi, his father, Rasul Iran Nezhad, his sister, Anita, nine, and brother, Armin, six.

    But while the bodies of the others were recovered quite soon, Artin was not found. He was listed as missing, until a formal identification followed on Monday this week.

    The announcement by Norwegian police was the final chapter in a short life that had been marked by many long and difficult journeys – trips he had taken oblivious to government restrictions at borders and hostile environments for refugees across Europe.

    After crossing the Iranian border on 7 August 2020, from their home in Sardasht, the family moved through Turkey then went by boat to Italy before reaching the refugee camp in Calais.

    Tens of thousands of other refugees make similar high-risk journeys every year underlining the enormAfter crossing the Iranian border on 7 August 2020, from their home in Sardasht, the family moved through Turkey then went by boat to Italy before reaching the refugee camp in Calais.

    Tens of thousands of other refugees make similar high-risk journeys every year underlining the enormous risks people take to save their lives.

    An asylum seeker who crossed the Channel from Calais just a few weeks ago and is now accommodated in a hotel in London by the Home Office told the Guardian he knew the family well. He said he had lived alongside them in Calais in the days before they attempted the fateful crossing. He told how the family had come under extraordinary pressure from smugglers to cross the Channel.

    Had the family had money to pay a more expensive smuggler, he believes they might all still be alive today. “If you don’t have money you cannot save your life. You must die,” he said.ous risks people take to save their lives.

    An asylum seeker who crossed the Channel from Calais just a few weeks ago and is now accommodated in a hotel in London by the Home Office told the Guardian he knew the family well. He said he had lived alongside them in Calais in the days before they attempted the fateful crossing. He told how the family had come under extraordinary pressure from smugglers to cross the Channel.

    Had the family had money to pay a more expensive smuggler, he believes they might all still be alive today. “If you don’t have money you cannot save your life. You must die,” he said.

    The asylum seeker said that he had bonded with Artin and spent a lot of time with him in the camp. “I played with him every day. He was so sweet and lovely and playful. He particularly loved playing with a drinking water fountain in the camp and always wanted to go there so he could play with the water.”

    He said the family lived in poverty in Iran, where Kurds are a persecuted minority. Rasul Iran Nezhad sometimes worked carrying goods such as household appliances on his back across the mountainous border area where many Iranian Kurds live. The work was difficult and high risk. Those who are caught can face severe penalties.

    The family decided to leave in the hope of finding safety for themselves and their children. “They had a lot of hope about making a new life in the UK. Shiva had many beautiful dreams for the children,” he said. “She wanted them to get a good education at schools in the UK and then go on to university. Anita wanted to become an actress and had already passed some acting screen tests. Of course Artin did not understand about crossing the Channel and reaching the UK, but the two older children did.”

    The friend added: “They understood that since they had left their home city of Sardasht travelling through Turkey, Italy and France they had become homeless. They believed that if they could reach the UK they would no longer be in that situation.”

    He explained that the smugglers in northern France used different systems. He said that in Calais the majority of the smugglers were Kurdish Iranian, in nearby Dunkirk many were Kurdish Iraqi.

    Asylum seekers with greater financial resources can deposit their money in an informal, clandestine, money “exchange”, sometimes in a supermarket or small shop. It works as a kind of underground international money transfer system.

    If people arrive successfully to the UK they call the exchange and ask for money to be transferred to the smuggler organising the crossing. If the crossing fails the money is not transferred.

    Those with no money at all are forced to work for the smugglers, helping them with between three and 10 crossings before they have “earned” free passage in a flimsy boat.

    Those with some money but not enough for the “exchange” pay low-ranking smugglers slightly less money than the going rate to travel in a relatively good boat with a new engine motor that is not dangerously overcrowded.
    Four Iranians who died crossing Channel were part of same family
    Read more

    According to the asylum seeker, Artin’s family had originally approached a smuggler offering a relatively safe passage but that person had rejected them because they could not afford to pay him what he wanted.

    “They had very little money,” said the asylum seeker. “They begged family and friends to sell their gold so they could pay the smuggler and managed to raise €5,000 to pay for the whole family to cross. But the smuggler said this was not enough.”

    He said he had kept a voice message from Shiva saying the smuggler had rejected them for lack of funds. “The smugglers are very dishonest. They did not take us … They took some of our friends who had paid more money,” Shiva said in a flat, despairing tone in the voicemail message.

    “Shiva was hopeless and disappointed and they gave the money to another smuggler who was charging less,” said the asylum seeker. “But he forced them to cross when the weather was bad, in an overcrowded boat. He said the family needed to cross to help him because he was in debt to another smuggler he needed to repay.”

    He said some of the asylum seekers had a rule that they would not attempt to cross the Channel if the waves were higher than 10 to 20cm. “That night the waves were 70cm. Many smugglers were not doing crossings then because the weather was too bad.”

    He said the family was faced with an impossible choice. “The smuggler said to them, ‘if you don’t cross tonight just go away, you will not get your money back’.”

    The BBC reported that Shiva had sent a text shortly before their fateful final journey saying: “If we want to go with a lorry we might need more money that we don’t have.”

    The asylum seeker said a demand by the home secretary, Priti Patel, telling social media companies to remove online posts from smugglers about crossings, was pointless. With or without smugglers posting on social media desperate asylum seekers would contact them to cross the Channel.

    “If we as asylum seekers have no legal way to reach safety we have no choice but to use the illegal way. That is what the family who drowned were forced to do. I wish they can rest in peace in the next world.”

    Though Artin’s body was discovered on 1 January near Karmøy, in south-west Norway, it took the Norweigan authorities more than five months from that date to confirm his identity. The identification was made through retrieving and matching DNA, with the help of specialists from Oslo University hospital.

    “We didn’t have a missing baby reported in Norway, and no family had contacted the police,” said Camilla Tjelle Waage, the head of police investigations. “The blue overall wasn’t a Norwegian brand either [and] that indicated the baby was not from Norway.”

    Artin’s remaining family have reportedly been notified and his remains are to be flown back to Iran to be buried.

    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/1973b6e4a89ae233820f65a578aeab1799e963b2/16_19_883_530/master/883.jpg

    #frontières

  • The short life and long journey of Artin, found dead on Norway beach | Refugees | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jun/08/artins-journey-asylum-seeker-speaks-of-the-smuggling-trade-that-killed-

    Friend of 15-month-old’s family reveals details of Channel smuggling trade that led to their deaths

    The authorities in Norway did not have much to go on when they found the body on the shore on New Year’s Day. But the baby boy was wearing a jacket – navy blue with white stitching.

    And that helped them solve the mystery of what had happened to 15-month-old Artin Iran Nezhad, who had last been seen weeks before and hundreds of miles away.

    The toddler had been photographed wearing the same coat in a refugee camp in Calais, not long before he and his family boarded an overcrowded boat to cross the Channel that then capsized.

    All five members of Artin’s Kurdish Iranian family were lost in the incident on 27 October 2020 – his mother, Shiva Mohammad Panahi, his father, Rasul Iran Nezhad, his sister, Anita, nine, and brother, Armin, six.

    But while the bodies of the others were recovered quite soon, Artin was not found. He was listed as missing, until a formal identification followed on Monday this week.

    The announcement by Norwegian police was the final chapter in a short life that had been marked by many long and difficult journeys – trips he had taken oblivious to government restrictions at borders and hostile environments for refugees across Europe.

    After crossing the Iranian border on 7 August 2020, from their home in Sardasht, the family moved through Turkey then went by boat to Italy before reaching the refugee camp in Calais.

    Tens of thousands of other refugees make similar high-risk journeys every year underlining the enormAfter crossing the Iranian border on 7 August 2020, from their home in Sardasht, the family moved through Turkey then went by boat to Italy before reaching the refugee camp in Calais.

    Tens of thousands of other refugees make similar high-risk journeys every year underlining the enormous risks people take to save their lives.

    An asylum seeker who crossed the Channel from Calais just a few weeks ago and is now accommodated in a hotel in London by the Home Office told the Guardian he knew the family well. He said he had lived alongside them in Calais in the days before they attempted the fateful crossing. He told how the family had come under extraordinary pressure from smugglers to cross the Channel.

    Had the family had money to pay a more expensive smuggler, he believes they might all still be alive today. “If you don’t have money you cannot save your life. You must die,” he said.ous risks people take to save their lives.

    An asylum seeker who crossed the Channel from Calais just a few weeks ago and is now accommodated in a hotel in London by the Home Office told the Guardian he knew the family well. He said he had lived alongside them in Calais in the days before they attempted the fateful crossing. He told how the family had come under extraordinary pressure from smugglers to cross the Channel.

    Had the family had money to pay a more expensive smuggler, he believes they might all still be alive today. “If you don’t have money you cannot save your life. You must die,” he said.

    The asylum seeker said that he had bonded with Artin and spent a lot of time with him in the camp. “I played with him every day. He was so sweet and lovely and playful. He particularly loved playing with a drinking water fountain in the camp and always wanted to go there so he could play with the water.”

    He said the family lived in poverty in Iran, where Kurds are a persecuted minority. Rasul Iran Nezhad sometimes worked carrying goods such as household appliances on his back across the mountainous border area where many Iranian Kurds live. The work was difficult and high risk. Those who are caught can face severe penalties.

    The family decided to leave in the hope of finding safety for themselves and their children. “They had a lot of hope about making a new life in the UK. Shiva had many beautiful dreams for the children,” he said. “She wanted them to get a good education at schools in the UK and then go on to university. Anita wanted to become an actress and had already passed some acting screen tests. Of course Artin did not understand about crossing the Channel and reaching the UK, but the two older children did.”

    The friend added: “They understood that since they had left their home city of Sardasht travelling through Turkey, Italy and France they had become homeless. They believed that if they could reach the UK they would no longer be in that situation.”

    He explained that the smugglers in northern France used different systems. He said that in Calais the majority of the smugglers were Kurdish Iranian, in nearby Dunkirk many were Kurdish Iraqi.

    Asylum seekers with greater financial resources can deposit their money in an informal, clandestine, money “exchange”, sometimes in a supermarket or small shop. It works as a kind of underground international money transfer system.

    If people arrive successfully to the UK they call the exchange and ask for money to be transferred to the smuggler organising the crossing. If the crossing fails the money is not transferred.

    Those with no money at all are forced to work for the smugglers, helping them with between three and 10 crossings before they have “earned” free passage in a flimsy boat.

    Those with some money but not enough for the “exchange” pay low-ranking smugglers slightly less money than the going rate to travel in a relatively good boat with a new engine motor that is not dangerously overcrowded.
    Four Iranians who died crossing Channel were part of same family
    Read more

    According to the asylum seeker, Artin’s family had originally approached a smuggler offering a relatively safe passage but that person had rejected them because they could not afford to pay him what he wanted.

    “They had very little money,” said the asylum seeker. “They begged family and friends to sell their gold so they could pay the smuggler and managed to raise €5,000 to pay for the whole family to cross. But the smuggler said this was not enough.”

    He said he had kept a voice message from Shiva saying the smuggler had rejected them for lack of funds. “The smugglers are very dishonest. They did not take us … They took some of our friends who had paid more money,” Shiva said in a flat, despairing tone in the voicemail message.

    “Shiva was hopeless and disappointed and they gave the money to another smuggler who was charging less,” said the asylum seeker. “But he forced them to cross when the weather was bad, in an overcrowded boat. He said the family needed to cross to help him because he was in debt to another smuggler he needed to repay.”

    He said some of the asylum seekers had a rule that they would not attempt to cross the Channel if the waves were higher than 10 to 20cm. “That night the waves were 70cm. Many smugglers were not doing crossings then because the weather was too bad.”

    He said the family was faced with an impossible choice. “The smuggler said to them, ‘if you don’t cross tonight just go away, you will not get your money back’.”

    The BBC reported that Shiva had sent a text shortly before their fateful final journey saying: “If we want to go with a lorry we might need more money that we don’t have.”

    The asylum seeker said a demand by the home secretary, Priti Patel, telling social media companies to remove online posts from smugglers about crossings, was pointless. With or without smugglers posting on social media desperate asylum seekers would contact them to cross the Channel.

    “If we as asylum seekers have no legal way to reach safety we have no choice but to use the illegal way. That is what the family who drowned were forced to do. I wish they can rest in peace in the next world.”

    Though Artin’s body was discovered on 1 January near Karmøy, in south-west Norway, it took the Norweigan authorities more than five months from that date to confirm his identity. The identification was made through retrieving and matching DNA, with the help of specialists from Oslo University hospital.

    “We didn’t have a missing baby reported in Norway, and no family had contacted the police,” said Camilla Tjelle Waage, the head of police investigations. “The blue overall wasn’t a Norwegian brand either [and] that indicated the baby was not from Norway.”

    Artin’s remaining family have reportedly been notified and his remains are to be flown back to Iran to be buried.

    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/1973b6e4a89ae233820f65a578aeab1799e963b2/16_19_883_530/master/883.jpg?width=620&quality=85&auto=format&fit=max&s=175dc7af476c6d6262799d3

    #frontières

  • Coronavirus live news: Heathrow opens separate ‘red list’ terminal | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2021/jun/01/coronavirus-live-news-peru-death-toll-more-than-doubles-after-review-wh
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/55d2eb3289b6f55e804361c0458374a58f1479cb/0_835_4440_2663/master/4440.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Coronavirus live news: Heathrow opens separate ‘red list’ terminal.
    Heathrow airport begins processing arrivals from ‘red list’ countries in separate terminal. Heathrow airport in London has begun processing arrivals from red list countries in a dedicated terminal following concerns about them mixing with other passengers. Travellers arriving from red list nations on direct flights are being taken to Terminal 3.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#frontiere#circulation#sante#zonearisque#triage

  • Popularity of far-right topics on France’s CNews sparks election concern | France | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/may/28/popularity-far-right-topics-france-cnews-election-concern

    Nedjar said a recent CSA poll for the channel found that 27% of its viewers identified with the left, 9% with the centre and 24% with the right, including 9% who identified with Le Pen’s far-right Rassemblement National party. A total of 40% of viewers either did not identify with a party or did not say.

  • Bélarus : un opposant arrêté après le détournement de son avion sur Minsk – Libération

    https://www.liberation.fr/international/europe/belarus-un-opposant-arrete-apres-le-detournement-de-son-avion-sur-minsk-2

    https://www.liberation.fr/resizer/SEXCFQYjH41zlRPVYMXXJA0FHCo=/1200x630/cloudfront-eu-central-1.images.arcpublishing.com/liberation/J3ZNXNLX7BA3VCKFQAZ4NL47BA.JPG

    Un peu de cartographie radicale puisqu’on est en train d’en faire un livre à paraître dans pas longtemps. On me demande souvent ce qui peut être « radical » dans la cartographie, c’est une question à laquelle il est difficile de répondre tant ce domaine est complexe et multiparamétrique. Mais on pourrait dire que la cartographie qui illustre cette histoire est de la cartographie radicale, surtout si elle rend visible l’ensemble du paysage (l’espace) dans lequel cette affaire se déroule et montre qu’il y a un truc qui cloche

    Loukachenko détourne un vol de la Ryanair reliant Athènes à Vilnius et arrête un journaliste exilé.

    Qui nous explique pourquoi - alors que les biélorusses ont leurré le pilote en prétextant une menace (une bombe ?) à bord - l’avion est contraint d’atterrir sur un aéroport qui est à presque trois fois la distance du plus proche qu’il est supposé choisir ? et qui parcourt quatre fois la distance de vol qu’il aurait eu à faire si il avait poursuivi sa route jusqu’à Vilnius ?

    Bélarus : un opposant arrêté après le détournement de son avion sur Minsk

    Un vol Ryanair entre Athènes et Vilnius a été intercepté par des avions de chasse qui l’ont contraint à se détourner pour atterrir sur l’aéroport de Minsk au Bélarus, où un journaliste opposant au régime d’Alexandre Loukachenko qui se trouvait à bord a été arrêté

  • En Belgique, la police traque un militaire, sympathisant de l’ultra-droite et en guerre contre « le régime »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2021/05/20/la-police-belge-traque-un-militaire-en-guerre-contre-le-regime_6080913_3210.

    La Belgique n’avait plus connu une telle mobilisation policière depuis mars 2016 et l’arrestation de Salah Abdeslam, impliqué dans les attentats du 13 novembre 2015 à Paris et Saint-Denis. Quelque 250 policiers, une centaine de militaires, des membres des forces spéciales, tous lourdement armés et appuyés par des véhicules blindés, étaient massés, jeudi 20 mai, autour du parc national de la Haute Campine, dans la province de Limbourg.

    C’est dans cette vaste zone de 12 000 hectares de forêts et de landes, survolée par un hélicoptère et fermée aux promeneurs, que les forces de l’ordre traquaient Jürgen Conings, un militaire de 46 ans, tireur d’élite fiché depuis 2020 comme sympathisant de l’ultra-droite.

  • UK travellers to France may be asked proof of accommodation as part of post-Brexit changes
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/may/20/uk-travellers-to-france-may-be-asked-proof-of-accommodation-as-part-of-

    Post-Brexit British visitors to France may be asked to show proof of their accommodation, including an official certificate obtained in advance if they are staying with friends or family, once Covid-related travel restrictions are lifted. The rule, which has applied to British travellers since the UK left the EU, requires anyone in France hosting non-EU nationals to complete an attestation d’accueil form and submit it for approval to their town hall, a process that can take up to a month. Source: The Guardian

  • Revealed: 2,000 refugee deaths linked to illegal EU pushbacks

    A Guardian analysis finds EU countries used brutal tactics to stop nearly 40,000 asylum seekers crossing borders

    EU member states have used illegal operations to push back at least 40,000 asylum seekers from Europe’s borders during the pandemic, methods being linked to the death of more than 2,000 people, the Guardian can reveal.

    In one of the biggest mass expulsions in decades, European countries, supported by EU’s border agency #Frontex, has systematically pushed back refugees, including children fleeing from wars, in their thousands, using illegal tactics ranging from assault to brutality during detention or transportation.

    The Guardian’s analysis is based on reports released by UN agencies, combined with a database of incidents collected by non-governmental organisations. According to charities, with the onset of Covid-19, the regularity and brutality of pushback practices has grown.

    “Recent reports suggest an increase of deaths of migrants attempting to reach Europe and, at the same time, an increase of the collaboration between EU countries with non-EU countries such as Libya, which has led to the failure of several rescue operations,’’ said one of Italy’s leading human rights and immigration experts, Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo, professor of asylum law at the University of Palermo. ‘’In this context, deaths at sea since the beginning of the pandemic are directly or indirectly linked to the EU approach aimed at closing all doors to Europe and the increasing externalisation of migration control to countries such as Libya.’’

    The findings come as the EU’s anti-fraud watchdog, Olaf, has launched an investigation into Frontex (https://www.euronews.com/2021/01/20/eu-migration-chief-urges-frontex-to-clarify-pushback-allegations) over allegations of harassment, misconduct and unlawful operations aimed at stopping asylum seekers from reaching EU shores.

    According to the International Organization for Migration (https://migration.iom.int/europe?type=arrivals), in 2020 almost 100,000 immigrants arrived in Europe by sea and by land compared with nearly 130,000 in 2019 and 190,000 in 2017.

    Since January 2020, despite the drop in numbers, Italy, Malta, Greece, Croatia and Spain have accelerated their hardline migration agenda. Since the introduction of partial or complete border closures to halt the outbreak of coronavirus, these countries have paid non-EU states and enlisted private vessels to intercept boats in distress at sea and push back passengers into detention centres. There have been repeated reports of people being beaten, robbed, stripped naked at frontiers or left at sea.

    In 2020 Croatia, whose police patrol the EU’s longest external border, have intensified systemic violence and pushbacks of migrants to Bosnia. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) recorded nearly 18,000 migrants pushed back by Croatia since the start of the pandemic. Over the last year and a half, the Guardian has collected testimonies of migrants who have allegedly been whipped, robbed, sexually abused and stripped naked (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/oct/21/croatian-police-accused-of-sickening-assaults-on-migrants-on-balkans-tr) by members of the Croatian police. Some migrants said they were spray-painted with red crosses on their heads by officers who said the treatment was the “cure against coronavirus” (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/may/28/they-made-crosses-on-our-heads-refugees-report-abuse-by-croatian-police).

    According to an annual report released on Tuesday by the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) (https://www.borderviolence.eu/annual-torture-report-2020), a coalition of 13 NGOs documenting illegal pushbacks in the western Balkans, abuse and disproportionate force was present in nearly 90% of testimonies in 2020 collected from Croatia, a 10% increase on 2019.

    In April, the Guardian revealed how a woman from Afghanistan was allegedly sexually abused (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/apr/07/croatian-border-police-accused-of-sexually-assaulting-afghan-migrant) and held at knifepoint by a Croatian border police officer during a search of migrants on the border with Bosnia.

    “Despite the European Commission’s engagement with Croatian authorities in recent months, we have seen virtually no progress, neither on investigations of the actual reports, nor on the development of independent border monitoring mechanisms,” said Nicola Bay, DRC country director for Bosnia. “Every single pushback represents a violation of international and EU law – whether it involves violence or not.”

    Since January 2020, Greece has pushed back about 6,230 asylum seekers from its shores, according to data from BVMN. The report stated that in 89% of the pushbacks, “BVMN has observed the disproportionate and excessive use of force. This alarming number shows that the use of force in an abusive, and therefore illicit, way has become a normality […]

    “Extremely cruel examples of police violence documented in 2020 included prolonged excessive beatings (often on naked bodies), water immersion, the physical abuse of women and children, the use of metal rods to inflict injury.”

    In testimonies, people described how their hands were tied to the bars of cells and helmets put on their heads before beatings to avoid visible bruising.

    A lawsuit filed against the Greek state in April at the European court of human rights (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/26/greece-accused-of-shocking-pushback-against-refugees-at-sea) accused Athens of abandoning dozens of migrants in life rafts at sea, after some had been beaten. The case claims that Greek patrol boats towed migrants back to Turkish waters and abandoned them at sea without food, water, lifejackets or any means to call for help.

    BVMN said: “Whether it be using the Covid-19 pandemic and the national lockdown to serve as a cover for pushbacks, fashioning open-air prisons, or preventing boats from entering Greek waters by firing warning shots toward boats, the evidence indicates the persistent refusal to uphold democratic values, human rights and international and European law.”

    According to UNHCR data, since the start of the pandemic, Libyan authorities – with Italian support since 2017, when Rome ceded responsibility (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/23/mother-and-child-drown-after-being-abandoned-off-libya-says-ngo) for overseeing Mediterranean rescue operations to Libya – intercepted and pushed back to Tripoli about 15,500 asylum seekers. The controversial strategy has caused the forced return of thousands to Libyan detention centres where, according to first hand reports, they face torture. Hundreds have drowned when neither Libya nor Italy intervened.

    “In 2020 this practice continued, with an increasingly important role being played by Frontex planes, sighting boats at sea and communicating their position to the Libyan coastguard,” said Matteo de Bellis, migration researcher at Amnesty International. “So, while Italy at some point even used the pandemic as an excuse to declare that its ports were not safe for the disembarkation of people rescued at sea, it had no problem with the Libyan coastguard returning people to Tripoli. Even when this was under shelling or when hundreds were forcibly disappeared immediately after disembarkation.”

    In April, Italy and Libya were accused of deliberately ignoring a mayday call (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/apr/25/a-mayday-call-a-dash-across-the-ocean-and-130-souls-lost-at-sea) from a migrant boat in distress in Libyan waters, as waves reached six metres. A few hours later, an NGO rescue boat discovered dozens of bodies (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/apr/25/a-mayday-call-a-dash-across-the-ocean-and-130-souls-lost-at-sea) floating in the waves. That day 130 migrants were lost at sea.

    In April, in a joint investigation with the Italian Rai News and the newspaper Domani, the Guardian saw documents from Italian prosecutors detailing conversations between two commanders of the Libyan coastguard and an Italian coastguard officer in Rome. The transcripts appeared to expose the non-responsive behaviour (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/16/wiretaps-migrant-boats-italy-libya-coastguard-mediterranean) of the Libyan officers and their struggling to answer the distress calls which resulted in hundreds of deaths. At least five NGO boats remain blocked in Italian ports as authorities claim administrative reasons for holding them.

    “Push- and pull-back operations have become routine, as have forms of maritime abandonment where hundreds were left to drown,’’ said a spokesperson at Alarm Phone, a hotline service for migrants in distress at sea. ‘’We have documented so many shipwrecks that were never officially accounted for, and so we know that the real death toll is much higher. In many of the cases, European coastguards have refused to respond – they rather chose to let people drown or to intercept them back to the place they had risked their lives to escape from. Even if all European authorities try to reject responsibility, we know that the mass dying is a direct result of both their actions and inactions. These deaths are on Europe.’’

    Malta, which declared its ports closed early last year, citing the pandemic, has continued to push back hundreds of migrants using two strategies: enlisting private vessels to intercept asylum seekers and force them back to Libya or turning them away with directions to Italy (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/may/20/we-give-you-30-minutes-malta-turns-migrant-boat-away-with-directions-to).

    “Between 2014 and 2017, Malta was able to count on Italy to take responsibility for coordinating rescues and allowing disembarkations,” said De Bellis. “But when Italy and the EU withdrew their ships from the central Mediterranean, to leave it in Libya’s hands, they left Malta more exposed. In response, from early 2020 the Maltese government used tactics to avoid assisting refugees and migrants in danger at sea, including arranging unlawful pushbacks to Libya by private fishing boats, diverting boats rather than rescuing them, illegally detaining hundreds of people on ill-equipped ferries off Malta’s waters, and signing a new agreement with Libya to prevent people from reaching Malta.”

    Last May, a series of voice messages obtained by the Guardian (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/may/19/exclusive-12-die-as-malta-uses-private-ships-to-push-migrants-back-to-l) confirmed the Maltese government’s strategy to use private vessels, acting at the behest of its armed forces, to intercept crossings and return refugees to Libyan detention centres.

    In February 2020, the European court of human rights was accused of “completely ignoring the reality” after it ruled Spain did not violate the prohibition of collective expulsion (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/13/european-court-under-fire-backing-spain-express-deportations), as asylum applications could be made at the official border crossing point. Relying on this judgment, Spain’s constitutional court upheld “border rejections” provided certain safeguards apply.

    Last week, the bodies of 24 migrants from sub-Saharan Africa were found by Spain’s maritime rescue (https://apnews.com/article/atlantic-ocean-canary-islands-coronavirus-pandemic-africa-migration-5ab68371. They are believed to have died of dehydration while attempting to reach the Canary Islands. In 2020, according to the UNHCR, 788 migrants died trying to reach Spain (https://data2.unhcr.org/en/country/esp).

    Frontex said they couldn’t comment on the total figures without knowing the details of each case, but said various authorities took action to respond to the dinghy that sunk off the coast of Libya (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/apr/25/a-mayday-call-a-dash-across-the-ocean-and-130-souls-lost-at-sea) in April, resulting in the deaths of 130 people.

    “The Italian rescue centre asked Frontex to fly over the area. It’s easy to forget, but the central Mediterranean is massive and it’s not easy or fast to get from one place to another, especially in poor weather. After reaching the area where the boat was suspected to be, they located it after some time and alerted all of the Maritime Rescue and Coordination Centres (MRCCs) in the area. They also issued a mayday call to all boats in the area (Ocean Viking was too far away to receive it).”

    He said the Italian MRCC, asked by the Libyan MRCC, dispatched three merchant vessels in the area to assist. Poor weather made this difficult. “In the meantime, the Frontex plane was running out of fuel and had to return to base. Another plane took off the next morning when the weather allowed, again with the same worries about the safety of the crew.

    “All authorities, certainly Frontex, did all that was humanly possible under the circumstances.”

    He added that, according to media reports, there was a Libyan coast guard vessel in the area, but it was engaged in another rescue operation.

    https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/may/05/revealed-2000-refugee-deaths-linked-to-eu-pushbacks

    #push-backs #refoulements #push-back #mourir_aux_frontières #morts_aux_frontières #décès #morts #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #responsabilité #Croatie #viols #Grèce #Italie #Libye

    ping @isskein

  • Humans already have the tools to combat climate change but we lack leadership | New Zealand | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/may/10/humans-already-have-the-tools-to-combat-climate-change-but-we-lack-lead

    In this extract, top atmospheric scientist Dave Lowe explains why despite political inaction he believes we can build a sustainable future

    When it comes to the political will and leadership needed to drive the world towards a sustainable future, I’m a pessimist. Time and time again, I’ve heard rhetoric from politicians focusing on short-term goals at the expense of planning for the future. In 2021, the mainstream media promote responsible journalism and take a hard line with climate deniers. Many journalists hold governments to account over climate change goals. However, hard scientific data is often still manipulated and cherrypicked by politicians. I’ve spoken to many and liken the experience to walking through treacle.

    Does their bland decision-making have to do with the structure of democracy itself, with its short electoral terms and lack of incentives for incumbent politicians to make hard and binding decisions for the decades ahead?

    As I look around and see New Zealand’s highways, jammed with huge diesel trucks and ever-increasing numbers of petrol-powered SUVs and cars, I feel dread. It doesn’t have to be this way. What is it about living on a finite planet that humans either don’t or won’t understand, after all the studies and warnings show that continuing in this way leads to the inevitable collapse of the planet’s ecosystems?

    When you look at the true cost of the damage to the atmosphere, politicians’ claims that action on carbon reduction is too expensive become bizarre. When we burn fossil fuels, we’ve never factored in the ultimate cost of the damage to the atmosphere caused by excess CO2. In many countries, if you pollute a waterway, you have to clean it up or pay a substantial fee for the damage – that cost has to be factored in to the cost of running your business. In the case of emitting CO2 into the atmosphere, you can do that for little or no upfront and immediate cost. Are we offended by people polluting waterways because it is literally in your face whereas CO2 is a transparent gas?

    For most of the last few decades I have been disappointed with the lack of action on carbon emissions reductions by politicians. But on the other hand, I’m very optimistic when it comes to the extraordinary ingenuity of human beings. We already have the tools to combat climate change. The last two decades have seen massive advances in renewable energy electricity generation to the point where these sources are now cheaper than equivalent coal-burning power plants, even before the cost of damage to the atmosphere is taken into account. The International Energy Agency (IEA) reported that, in 2019, almost 30% of OECD electricity was met by renewable sources including hydro, solar, wind, biomass and geothermal.

    Crucial to the urgent transition towards a low carbon future will be the skills and experience of engineers. Over the years I’ve spoken to many groups of engineers, including oil and gas engineers, about climate change. You’d think that a climate scientist talking to a gas engineer would lead to an argument, but that has not been my experience.

    Those same gas and other engineers who have been so maligned by the green movement have the vital skills needed in a new sustainable economy.

    Their skills are transferable to an economy making widescale use of “green hydrogen”, for example. Green hydrogen, produced by electrolysis of water using excess electricity derived from wind and other renewable energy sources, is already being used in steelmaking, energy storage and transport in Germany and a number of other countries.

    When I talk to people about this technology and its possibilities, they are astonished. They wonder why they have never heard of it. Hydrogen fuel cell technology has been around a long time – I remember first seeing it decades ago. Why hasn’t it been used? Several reasons come to mind, including conspiracy theories about the oil companies, but to me there is a simple answer. It’s because products made from fossil fuels appear to be so much cheaper than sustainable alternatives; the true cost of the climate emergency is never factored in when the products are sold to customers.

    So what is the true cost of the damage to the atmosphere when you emit a couple of tonnes of CO2 into it, perhaps during a longhaul flight between Auckland and London or by running a diesel-powered SUV for a year? There are a lot of different answers to that question depending on whether you ask an economist, politician, engineer or a climate scientist.

    If you ask a chemist how, and how much it would cost, to remove a tonne of CO2 from the atmosphere, they would probably throw up their hands in horror, come up with a figure of NZ$1,000 per tonne and a very complex apparatus. A climate scientist would reply to the question with another, like, “How much do you think the 2020 wildfires in Australia, California, Colorado, Siberia and the Arctic cost?” And a New Zealand economist would quote the current carbon price on the New Zealand emissions trading scheme site, which in early 2021 was about NZ$37 per tonne. To me that sounds ridiculously cheap, measuring in crude economic terms the cost of the damage by carbon emissions into our only atmosphere.

    We’ve been blinkered into thinking that there are no alternatives to fossil fuels for running an economy and society. But engineers and economists can point to several alternatives, and we need to adopt the ones that provide a sustainable future in this decade. A new field has emerged which has come to be known as “transition engineering”, where engineering and scientific principles are used to provide systems which do not compromise the ecological, societal and economic systems that future generations will depend on.

    Engineering solutions will be especially valuable in tackling the rapidly growing emissions from transport. Worldwide, liquid fuels like petrol and diesel for cars and trucks, jet fuel for aviation and bunker fuels for shipping accounted for more than 20% of total CO2 emissions in 2016. Growing at a faster rate than any other sector, transport poses a major challenge to reducing emissions in line with the Paris Agreement. To keep global temperature rise within a range that averts the worst climate impacts, IPCC and other climate modelling show transport emissions must decline. Transitioning to zero-emission transport is crucial. Solutions include clean fuels, improved vehicle efficiency, changes to how we move people and goods, and building sustainable cities.

    Electrification eliminates tailpipe emissions of CO2 and particles that damage our lungs. It harnesses the potential to decarbonise the power grid.

    There is no doubt that reducing carbon emissions to avert disastrous impacts of climate change will be a gigantic undertaking. No single solution to this problem exists. It will require concerted effort from all parts of society, above all governments, but also engineers, scientists, economists, teachers and farmers. We can feel optimistic of the rapidly emerging technologies available to help reduce carbon emissions, among them hydrogen generation and storage from surplus electricity, synthesis of sugars from CO2 and water, information and nanotechnology, bioengineering and educational science to name a few. The challenges ahead are formidable but I truly believe that, given the will and with concerted action, human beings are more than capable of building a sustainable future.

  • Colette: former French resistance member confronts a family tragedy 75 years later | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2020/nov/18/colette-a-former-french-resistance-member-confronts-a-family-tragedy-75
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ad25a661c648f6847705883aad69f735b41ed90d/107_63_1678_1007/master/1678.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    https://youtu.be/J7uBf1gD6JY

    90-year-old Colette Marin-Catherine confronts her past by visiting the German concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora where her brother was killed. As a young girl, she fought Hitler’s Nazis as a member of the French Resistance. For 74 years, she has refused to step foot in Germany, but that changes when a young history student named Lucie enters her life. Prepared to re-open old wounds and revisit the terrors of that time, Marin-Catherine offers important lessons for us all.

  • Spreading faster, hitting harder – why young Brazilians are dying of Covid | Coronavirus | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/16/spreading-faster-hitting-harder-why-young-brazilians-are-dying-of-covid
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/248d01b68f9d9c9c0fb18beff820df37904dec47/0_48_4674_2805/master/4674.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    “I saw everything in there. Children, adults, young people, bodybuilders – the lot. All of them going through the same thing,” Castro recalled, rubbishing the idea that only elderly people were in danger. “If you’re a human being you’re at risk,” he said. “This disease is a total game of Russian roulette.”

    When Covid first hit Brazil last February it was, as elsewhere, considered mainly a threat to the ageing or infirm. A year later, as Brazil grapples with by far the most traumatic phase of its epidemic, a troubling trend has emerged, as intensive care units fill with younger patients such as Castro, some seemingly battling more severe forms of the disease. An unusually high number of infant fatalities has also been reported with more than 1,000 Brazilian babies dying last year compared with 43 in the US.

    Brazilians have been particularly shocked by the case of Paulo Gustavo, a 42-year-old television star who has spent the past month fighting for his life in a Rio ICU despite being previously fit and healthy. Last week, the Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine said that for the first time, most Covid patients in ICU were under 40 – a finding echoed by frontline doctors.

    • Boulos said the vaccination of older Brazilians partly explained the increasing proportion of younger patients in ICU. “But there’s no doubt young people are being [physically] more affected by this new variant. It’s unquestionable.”

      “Sometimes … these young people will die after just a few hours or days with very acute, severe illnesses – and you won’t find any comorbidity or factor to explain why. It’s dramatic,” added Boulos, pointing to similar suspicions that the South African variant might be affecting the young more.

      Bressan suspected behavioural factors were also at play, with younger Brazilians more likely to be frequenting places where they might be exposed to greater doses of the virus, more often. “It’s younger people who are going out to work, to parties, restaurants and nightclubs,” said Bressan, adding that many of the patients she was now seeing in their 40s were domestic workers, cleaners, retail workers and waiters. “People who absolutely have to leave home to work.”

  • Turkey’s economic turmoil drives Bitcoin frenzy | Turkey | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/13/turkeys-economic-turmoil-drives-bitcoin-frenzy

    The Turkish lira slumped dramatically last month after President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s shock decision to fire the central bank governor, Naci Ağbal. The reserve is now on its fourth governor in less than two years, and the lira has lost half its value since a 2018 currency crisis.

    Inflation reached a six-month high in March of 16.19%, well above a 5% target, and unemployment remains high, at 13.4%.

    The latest economic turmoil has led to a surge in cryptocurrency trading in the country, with investors hoping to gain from bitcoin’s recent rally and shelter against inflation.

    Data from the US researcher Chainalysis analysed by Reuters showed that trading volumes between the start of February and 24 March hit 218bn lira (£19bn) with a spike on the weekend Ağbal was sacked, up from just over 7bn lira in the same period a year earlier. Cryptocurrency worth 23bn lira was traded in the first few days after the shock announcement, the data showed, versus 1bn lira in the same timespan in 2020.

  • All countries should pursue a Covid-19 elimination strategy: here are 16 reasons why | New Zealand | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2021/jan/28/all-countries-should-pursue-a-covid-19-elimination-strategy-here-are-16
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/951197ac7332c48511417bf31afbe96c4a8f8f92/0_182_5472_3283/master/5472.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    The past year of Covid-19 has taught us that it is the behaviour of governments, more than the behaviour of the virus or individuals, that shapes countries’ experience of the crisis. Talking about pandemic waves has given the virus far too much agency: until quite recently the apparent waves of infection were driven by government action and inaction. It is only now with the emergence of more infectious variants that it might be appropriate to talk about a true second wave.

    As governments draw up their battle plans for year two, we might expect them to base their strategies on the wealth of data about what works best. And the evidence to date suggests that countries pursuing elimination of Covid-19 are performing much better than those trying to suppress the virus. Aiming for zero-Covid is producing more positive results than trying to “live with the virus”.

    #zero_covid

    • Suppression du virus plutôt que le « vivre avec » : c’est aussi l’avis de l’épidémiologiste Antoine Flahault qui accorde un entretien au JDD, entretien relayé ici :

      https://www.lefigaro.fr/sciences/covid-19-le-vaccin-ne-suffira-pas-a-contrer-le-virus-estime-antoine-flahaul

      La campagne de vaccination ne suffira pas à elle seule à endiguer l’épidémie de Covid-19, à cause du risque de variants résistants ou des lacunes de cette campagne, a affirmé l’épidémiologiste Antoine Flahault au Journal du dimanche .Interrogé par l’hebdomadaire sur le choix de « tout miser sur le vaccin pour sortir de la crise », le directeur de l’Institut de santé globale de l’université de Genève répond : « Cela me paraît un pari hasardeux. Et risqué ». Il voit trois hypothèses qui pourraient limiter l’efficacité de cette stratégie : « Si de nouveaux variants émergent et mettent en péril l’efficacité des vaccins ; si l’acheminement ne se fait pas au rythme voulu ; si les problèmes rencontrés par le vaccin AstraZeneca se posaient avec d’autres vaccins et remettaient en question l’adhésion de la population ».

  • ‘A system of #global_apartheid’ : author #Harsha_Walia on why the border crisis is a myth

    The Canadian organizer says the actual crises are capitalism, war and the climate emergency, which drive mass migration.

    The rising number of migrant children and families seeking to cross the US border with Mexico is emerging as one of the most serious political challenges for Joe Biden’s new administration.

    That’s exactly what Donald Trump wants: he and other Republicans believe that Americans’ concerns about a supposed “border crisis” will help Republicans win back political power.

    But Harsha Walia, the author of two books about border politics, argues that there is no “border crisis,” in the United States or anywhere else. Instead, there are the “actual crises” that drive mass migration – such as capitalism, war and the climate emergency – and “imagined crises” at political borders, which are used to justify further border securitization and violence.

    Walia, a Canadian organizer who helped found No One Is Illegal, which advocates for migrants, refugees and undocumented people, talked to the Guardian about Border and Rule, her new book on global migration, border politics and the rise of what she calls “racist nationalism.” The conversation has been edited for length and clarity.

    Last month, a young white gunman was charged with murdering eight people, most of them Asian women, at several spas around Atlanta, Georgia. Around the same time, there was increasing political attention to the higher numbers of migrants and refugees showing up at the US-Mexico border. Do you see any connection between these different events?

    I think they are deeply connected. The newest invocation of a “border surge” and a “border crisis” is again creating the spectre of immigrants and refugees “taking over.” This seemingly race neutral language – we are told there’s nothing inherently racist about saying “border surge”– is actually deeply racially coded. It invokes a flood of black and brown people taking over a so-called white man’s country. That is the basis of historic immigrant exclusion, both anti-Asian exclusion in the 19th century, which very explicitly excluded Chinese laborers and especially Chinese women presumed to be sex workers, and anti-Latinx exclusion. If we were to think about one situation as anti-Asian racism and one as anti-Latinx racism, they might seem disconnected. But both forms of racism are fundamentally anti-immigrant. Racial violence is connected to the idea of who belongs and who doesn’t. Whose humanity is questioned in a moment of crisis. Who is scapegoated in a moment of crisis.

    How do you understand the rise of white supremacist violence, particularly anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim violence, that we are seeing around the world?

    The rise in white supremacy is a feedback loop between individual rightwing vigilantes and state rhetoric and state policy. When it comes to the Georgia shootings, we can’t ignore the fact that the criminalization of sex work makes sex workers targets. It’s not sex work itself, it’s the social condition of criminalization that creates that vulnerability. It’s similar to the ways in which border vigilantes have targeted immigrants: the Minutemen who show up at the border and harass migrants, or the kidnapping of migrants by the United Constitutional Patriots at gunpoint. We can’t dissociate that kind of violence from state policies that vilify migrants and refugees, or newspapers that continue to use the word “illegal alien”.

    National borders are often described as protecting citizens, or as protecting workers at home from lower-paid workers in other countries. You argue that borders actually serve a very different purpose.

    Borders maintain a massive system of global apartheid. They are preventing, on a scale we’ve never seen before, the free movement of people who are trying to search for a better life.

    There’s been a lot of emphasis on the ways in which Donald Trump was enacting very exclusionary immigration policies. But border securitization and border controls have been bipartisan practices in the United States. We saw the first policies of militarization at the border with Mexico under Bill Clinton in the late 90s.

    In the European context, the death of [three-year-old Syrian toddler] Alan Kurdi, all of these images of migrants drowning in the Mediterranean, didn’t actually lead to an immigration policy that was more welcoming. Billions of euros are going to drones in the Mediterranean, war ships in the Mediterranean. We’re seeing the EU making trade and aid agreements it has with countries in the Sahel region of Africa and the Middle East contingent on migration control. They are relying on countries in the global south as the frontiers of border militarization. All of this is really a crisis of immobility. The whole world is increasingly becoming fortified.

    What are the root causes of these ‘migration crises’? Why is this happening?

    What we need to understand is that migration is a form of reparations. Migration is an accounting for global violence. It’s not a coincidence that the vast number of people who are migrants and refugees in the world today are black and brown people from poor countries that have been made poor because of centuries of imperialism, of empire, of exploitation and deliberate underdevelopment. It’s those same fault lines of plunder around the world that are the fault lines of migration. More and more people are being forced out of their land because of trade agreements, mining extraction, deforestation, climate change. Iraq and Afghanistan have been for decades on the top of the UN list for displaced people and that has been linked to the US and Nato’s occupations of those countries.

    Why would governments have any interest in violence at borders? Why spend so much money on security and militarization?

    The border does not only serve to exclude immigrants and refugees, but also to create conditions of hyper exploitation, where some immigrants and refugees do enter, but in a situation of extreme precarity. If you’re undocumented, you will work for less than minimum wage. If you attempt to unionize, you will face the threat of deportation. You will not feel you can access public services, or in some cases you will be denied public services. Borders maintain racial citizenship and create a pool of hyper-exploitable cheapened labor. People who are never a full part of the community, always living in fear, constantly on guard.

    Why do you choose to put your focus on governments and their policies, rather than narratives of migrants themselves?

    Border deaths are presented as passive occurrences, as if people just happen to die, as if there’s something inherently dangerous about being on the move, which we know is not the case. Many people move with immense privilege, even luxury. It’s more accurate to call what is happening to migrants and refugees around the world as border killings. People are being killed by policies that are intended to kill. Literally, governments are hoping people will die, are deliberating creating conditions of death, in order to create deterrence.

    It is very important to hold the states accountable, instead of narratives where migrants are blamed for their own deaths: ‘They knew it was going to be dangerous, why did they move?’ Which to me mimics the very horrible tropes of survivors in rape culture.

    You live in Canada. Especially in the United States, many people think of Canada as this inherently nice place. Less racist, less violent, more supportive of refugees and immigrants. Is that the reality?

    It’s totally false. Part of the incentive of writing this second book was being on a book tour in the US and constantly hearing, ‘At least in Canada it can’t be as bad as in the US.’ ‘Your prime minister says refugees are welcome.’ That masks the violence of how unfree the conditions of migration are, with the temporary foreign worker program, which is a form of indentureship. Workers are forced to live in the home of their employer, if you’re a domestic worker, or forced to live in a labor camp, crammed with hundreds of people. When your labor is no longer needed, you’re deported, often with your wages unpaid. There is nothing nice about it. It just means Canada has perfected a model of exploitation. The US and other countries in Europe are increasingly looking to this model, because it works perfectly to serve both the state and capital interests. Capital wants cheapened labor and the state doesn’t want people with full citizenship rights.

    You wrote recently that ‘Escalating white supremacy cannot be dealt with through anti-terror or hate crime laws.’ Why?

    Terrorism is not a colorblind phenomena. The global war on terror for the past 20 years was predicated around deeply Islamophobic rhetoric that has had devastating impact on Black and Brown Muslims and Muslim-majority countries around the world. I think it is implausible and naive to assume that the national security infrastructure, or the criminal legal system, which is also built on racialized logics, especially anti-black racism – that we can somehow subvert these systems to protect racialized communities. It’s not going to work.

    One of the things that happened when the Proud Boys were designated as a terrorist organization in Canada is that it provided cover to expand this terror list that communities have been fighting against for decades. On the day the Proud Boys were listed, a number of other organizations were added which were part of the Muslim community. That was the concern that many of us had: will this just become an excuse to expand the terrorist list rather than dismantle it? In the long run, what’s going to happen? Even if in some miraculous world the Proud Boys and its members are dismantled, what’s going to happen to all the other organizations on the list? They’re still being criminalized, they’re still being terrorized, they’re still being surveilled.

    So if you don’t think the logics of national security or criminal justice will work, what do you think should be done about escalating white supremacist violence?

    I think that’s the question: what do we need to be doing? It’s not about one arm of the state, it’s about all of us. What’s happening in our neighborhoods, in our school systems, in the media? There’s not one simple fix. We need to keep each other safe. We need to make sure we’re intervening whenever we see racial violence, everything from not letting racist jokes off the hook to fighting for systemic change. Anti-war work is racial justice work. Anti-capitalist work is racial justice work.

    You advocate for ending border imperialism, and ending racial capitalism. Those are big goals. How do you break that down into things that one person can actually do?

    I actually found it harder before, because I would try things that I thought were simple and would change the world, and they wouldn’t. For me, understanding how violences are connected, and really understanding the immensity of the problem, was less overwhelming. It motivated me to think in bigger ways, to organize with other people. To understand this is fundamentally about radical, massive collective action. It can’t rely on one person or even one place.

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/07/us-border-immigration-harsha-walia
    #apartheid #inégalités #monde #migrations #frontières #réfugiés #capitalisme #guerres #conflits #climat #changement_climatique #crises #crise #fermeture_des_frontières #crises_frontalières #violence #racisme #discriminations #exclusion #anti-migrants #violence_raciale #suprématisme_blanc #prostitution #criminalisation #vulnérabilité #minutemen #militarisation_des_frontières #USA #Mexique #Etats-Unis #politique_migratoire #politiques_migratoires #Kurdi #Aylan_Kurdi #Alan_Kurdi #impérialisme #colonialisme #colonisation #mourir_aux_frontières #décès #morts

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • Global rollout of vaccines is no longer a guarantee of victory over Covid-19 | Coronavirus | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/06/global-rollout-of-vaccines-is-no-longer-a-guarantee-of-victory-over-cov
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/71e1522fa5cbac44972ffbca4f687b12a77b7822/0_0_4482_2689/master/4482.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    At the end of 2020, there was a strong hope that high levels of vaccination would see humanity finally gain the upper hand over Sars-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19. In an ideal scenario, the virus would then be contained at very low levels without further societal disruption or significant numbers of deaths.

    But since then, new “variants of concern” have emerged and spread worldwide, putting current pandemic control efforts, including vaccination, at risk of being derailed.

    Put simply, the game has changed, and a successful global rollout of current vaccines by itself is no longer a guarantee of victory.

    No one is truly safe from Covid-19 until everyone is safe. We are in a race against time to get global transmission rates low enough to prevent the emergence and spread of new variants. The danger is that variants will arise that can overcome the immunity conferred by vaccinations or prior infection.

  • Covid certificates on the cards for use in England since December | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/04/covid-certificates-on-the-cards-for-use-in-england-since-december
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ea4b3b850c3869c32ef749807cc850e32245878b/0_184_5300_3181/master/5300.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Covid certificates on the cards for use in England since December.Report shows government was considering plan months before ministers went public. A government-commissioned report in December examined how Covid certificates could be used to decide whether people should be allowed into sports events, pubs and other crowded spaces, months before ministers publicly confirmed the plan.A document prepared for NHS test and trace and seen by the Guardian shows that the research also looked into whether certificates could be made a condition of entry for family events such as weddings or even small casual gatherings.The report, dated 17 December, was prepared by staff working for Zühlke Engineering, a Swiss-based consultancy that has worked closely on the UK’s Covid contact-tracing app, and has a number of staff embedded within the test-and-trace team. It details research into possible public attitudes to a Covid certificate, sometimes called a domestic Covid passport. This would use vaccination status, a recent negative Covid test or proof of coronavirus antibodies to allow people into potentially packed places when the country opens up.
    The document includes mock-up pictures of how an app-based Covid certificate might work, using scannable QR codes. One shows this on the main NHS app, with a countdown showing when the pass expires. Another shows the certificate attached to the NHS test and trace app. This option is seen as unlikely, because the test and trace app is anonymous while the certificate involves personal information. Covid certificates are enormously controversial. At least 40 Conservative backbenchers are among 70-plus MPs who announced last week that they would oppose them.There has been considerable speculation about the use of such certificates, but as recently as February the vaccines minister, Nadhim Zahawi, said the government was “not looking at a vaccine passport for our domestic economy”.
    Boris Johnson is expected to announce the initial findings of a review into the subject on Monday, but not to say categorically whether or not they will be introduced.The December document uses focus group research to highlight public attitudes towards the idea. It found that people considered them potentially useful for events such as football matches and even weddings, but not for smaller family gatherings.If you have been affected or have any information, we’d like to hear from you. You can get in touch by filling in the form below, anonymously if you wish or contact us via WhatsApp by clicking here or adding the contact +44(0)7867825056. Only the Guardian can see your contributions and one of our journalists may contact you to discuss further. Concerns raised included the amount of planning needed, whether test results would arrive on time and worries that people might act more recklessly if they had a certificate.Civil liberties groups have spoken out against the idea of Covid certificates. Silkie Carlo, the director of Big Brother Watch, said they would be “the first attempt at a segregation policy in Britain for decades”. She said: “They would exclude and disadvantage the most marginalised people in our country, dividing communities without reducing risks.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#sante#passeportvaccinal#circulation#droit#liberte#discrimination

  • Seeing stones: pandemic reveals Palantir’s troubling reach in Europe, Daniel Howden, Apostolis Fotiadis, Ludek Stavinoha, Ben Holst, 2 Apr 2021, The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/02/seeing-stones-pandemic-reveals-palantirs-troubling-reach-in-europe

    serious questions over the way public agencies work with Palantir and whether its software can work within the bounds of European laws in the sensitive areas where it is being used, or perform in the way the company promises.

    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/f0958e27ccc9fd0c36296651025b6ba5601a4bdf/0_116_3500_2101/master/3500.jpg?width=620&quality=45&auto=format&fit=max&dpr=2&s=15e590ed344a5917