• Une corona et deux morts subites

    Louis

    http://en-finir-avec-ce-monde.over-blog.com/2020/04/une-corona-et-deux-morts-subites.html

    https://lavoiedujaguar.net/Une-corona-et-deux-morts-subites

    Alors que la grippe de Hongkong est passée totalement inaperçue, ce qui se passe aujourd’hui, un demi-siècle plus tard, avec le Covid-19 interroge d’autant plus : jamais encore la moitié de la population mondiale n’a été confinée, et jamais encore la production mondiale n’avait été mise quasiment à l’arrêt, le tout en quelques semaines, prenant presque absolument tout le monde de court. Relevons tout de suite que les très rares pays qui étaient préparés à une nouvelle pandémie — Corée, Hongkong, Taïwan… — avaient déjà été malmenés gravement par deux autres pandémies en moins de vingt ans (SRAS de 2003 et MERS de 2015), et qu’ils n’ont évité le présent confinement appliqué ailleurs qu’au prix d’un dépistage médical massif, directement associé à un dépistage néopolicier tout aussi massif à coup de Big Data. (Plus généralement, pourrait-on voir une corrélation au fait que les pays les plus rétifs au confinement sont également ceux qui sont aussi parmi les moins rétifs au néolibéralisme ? — je pose en tout cas la question.)

    Ce qui interroge, c’est donc ce qui pourrait expliquer cette différence de traitement entre ce qui se passe aujourd’hui et la façon dont les pandémies étaient traitées il y a encore quelques décennies. (...)

    #pandémies #Covid-19 #BigData #stratégies #anticipation #échec #crise #État #irresponsabilité #complotisme #résilience

  • U.S. ’wasted’ months before preparing for virus pandemic
    https://apnews.com/090600c299a8cf07f5b44d92534856bc

    WASHINGTON (AP) — As the first alarms sounded in early January that an outbreak of a novel coronavirus in China might ignite a global pandemic, the Trump administration squandered nearly two months that could have been used to bolster the federal stockpile of critically needed medical supplies and equipment.

    A review of federal purchasing contracts by The Associated Press shows federal agencies largely waited until mid-March to begin placing bulk orders of N95 respirator masks, mechanical ventilators and other equipment needed by front-line health care workers.

    #in_retrospect #états-unis

    • C’est pas exactement la meme chose pour les administrations @monolecte à moins que tu bosse pour l’OMS ou que tu sois une responsable au niveau gouvernemental. Comment aurais tu peu imaginé un truc pareil ? Même si c’etais pas la première fois, tu ne pouvais pas deviné. On etait sur la loi retraite et les violences policères et la guerre aux pauvre de macron dans cette époque qui semble lointaine.

    • J’ai pas encore lu mais je prend pas de risque à mette #stratégie_du_choc #charognage #dictature vu que ca sort du cerveau décomposé des walking deads

      edit - je laisse les tags mais j’ai ecrit trop vite ^^ il est question de l’autorisation après 2 semaines de perdu de faire des tests du covid-19 dans les labos
      #300000_tests_de_perdu

      L’article 12-1 du décret du 23 mars 2020 susvisé est complété par un VII ainsi rédigé :
      « VII. - Lorsque les laboratoires de biologie médicale ne sont pas en mesure d’effectuer l’examen de “détection du génome du SARS-CoV-2 par RT PCR” inscrit à la nomenclature des actes de biologie médicale ou d’en réaliser en nombre suffisant pour faire face à la crise sanitaire, le représentant de l’Etat dans le département est habilité à ordonner, par des mesures générales ou individuelles, soit la réquisition des autres laboratoires autorisés à réaliser cet examen ainsi que les équipements et personnels nécessaires à leur fonctionnement, soit la réquisition des équipements et des personnels de ces mêmes laboratoires nécessaires au fonctionnement des laboratoires de biologie médicale qui réalisent cet examen ».

  • #Giorgio_Agamben, “The state of exception provoked by an unmotivated emergency”

    This is a translation of an article that first appeared as “Lo stato d’eccezione provocato da un’emergenza immotivata,” in il manifesto, 26 Feb, 2020.

    In order to make sense of the frantic, irrational, and absolutely unwarranted emergency measures adopted for a supposed epidemic of coronavirus, we must begin from the declaration of the Italian National Research Council (NRC), according to which “there is no SARS-CoV2 epidemic in Italy.”

    It continues: in any case “the infection, according to the epidemiological data available as of today and based on tens of thousands of cases, causes light/moderate symptoms (a variant of flu) in 80-90% of cases. In 10-15%, there is a chance of pneumonia, but which also has a benign outcome in the large majority of cases. We estimate that only 4% of patients require intensive therapy.”

    If this is the real situation, why do the media and the authorities do their utmost to create a climate of panic, thus provoking a true state of exception, with severe limitations on movement and the suspension of daily life and work activities for entire regions?

    Two factors can help explain such a disproportionate response.

    First and foremost, what is once again manifest here is the growing tendency to use the state of exception as a normal governing paradigm. The executive decree (decreto legge), approved by the government “for reasons of hygiene and public safety,” produces a real militarization “of those municipalities and areas in which there is at least one person who tests positive and for whom the source of the infection is unknown, or in which there is a least one case that is not connected to a person who recently traveled from an area affected by the contagion.”

    Such a vague and indeterminate formula will allow [the government] to rapidly extend the state of exception to all regions, as it is practically impossible that other cases will not appear elsewhere.

    Let us consider the serious limitations of freedom imposed by the executive decree:

    A prohibition against leaving the affected municipality or area for all people in that municipality or area.
    A prohibition against entering the affected municipality or area
    The suspension of all events or initiatives (regardless of whether they are related to culture, sport, religion, or entertainment), and a suspension of meetings in any private or public space, including enclosed spaces if they are open to the public.
    The suspension of educational services in kindergartens and schools at every level, including higher education and excluding only distance learning.
    The closure of museums and other cultural institutions as listed in article 101 of the Statute on cultural heritage and landscape, and in executive decree number 42 from 01/22/2004. All regulations on free access to those institutions are also suspended.
    The suspension of all kinds of educational travel, in Italy and abroad.
    The suspension of all publicly held exams and all activities of public offices, except essential services or public utility services.
    The enforcement of quarantine and active surveillance on individuals who had close contact with confirmed cases of infection.

    It is blatantly evident that these restrictions are disproportionate to the threat from what is, according to the NRC, a normal flu, not much different from those that affect us every year.

    We might say that once terrorism was exhausted as a justification for exceptional measures, the invention of an epidemic could offer the ideal pretext for broadening such measures beyond any limitation.

    The other factor, no less disquieting, is the state of fear, which in recent years has diffused into individual consciousnesses and which translates into a real need for states of collective panic, for which the epidemic once again offers the ideal pretext.

    Therefore, in a perverse vicious circle, the limitation of freedom imposed by governments is accepted in the name of a desire for safety, which has been created by the same governments who now intervene to satisfy it.

    http://positionswebsite.org/giorgio-agamben-the-state-of-exception-provoked-by-an-unmotivated-
    #état_d'exception #exception #coronavirus #covid-19 #Agamben #urgence

    • Eccezione virale

      Giorgio Agamben, un vecchio amico, sostiene che il coronavirus differisce appena da una semplice influenza. Dimentica che per la «normale » influenza disponiamo di un vaccino di provata efficacia. E anche questo va ogni anno riadattato alle mutazioni virali. Nonostante ciò la «normale» influenza uccide sempre diverse persone e il coronavirus per il quale non esiste alcun vaccino è capace di una mortalità evidentemente ben superiore. La differenza (secondo fonti dello stesso genere di quelle di Agamben) è di circa 1 a 30: non mi pare una differenza da poco.

      Giorgio afferma che i governi si appropriano di ogni sorta di pretesto per instaurare continui stati di eccezione. Ma non nota che l’eccezione diviene, in realtà, la regola in un mondo in cui le interconnessioni tecniche di ogni specie (spostamenti, trasferimenti di ogni sorta, esposizioni o diffusioni di sostanze, ecc.) raggiungono un’intensità fin qui sconosciuta e che cresce di pari passo alla popolazione. Il moltiplicarsi di quest’ultima comporta anche nei paesi ricchi l’allungarsi della vita e l’aumento del numero di persone anziane e in generale di persone a rischio.

      Non bisogna sbagliare il bersaglio: una civiltà intera è messa in questione, su questo non ci sono dubbi. Esiste una sorta di eccezione virale – biologica, informatica, culturale – che ci pandemizza. I governi non ne sono che dei tristi esecutori e prendersela con loro assomiglia più a una manovra diversiva che a una riflessione politica.

      Ho ricordato che Giorgio è un vecchio amico. Mi spiace tirare in ballo un ricordo personale, ma non mi allontano, in fondo, da un registro di riflessione generale. Quasi trent’anni fa, i medici hanno giudicato che dovessi sottopormi a un trapianto di cuore. Giorgio fu una delle poche persone che mi consigliò di non ascoltarli. Se avessi seguito il suo consiglio probabilmente sarei morto ben presto. Ci si può sbagliare. Giorgio resta uno spirito di una finezza e una gentilezza che si possono definire – senza alcuna ironia – eccezionali.

      https://antinomie.it/index.php/2020/02/27/eccezione-virale

    • Giorgio Agamben : “Clarifications”

      Translator’s Note: Giorgio Agamben asked me to translate this brief essay, which serves as an indirect response to the controversy surrounding his article about the response to coronavirus in Italy (see here for the original Italian piece and here for an English translation).

      Fear is a poor advisor, but it causes many things to appear that one pretended not to see. The problem is not to give opinions on the gravity of the disease, but to ask about the ethical and political consequences of the epidemic. The first thing that the wave of panic that has paralyzed the country obviously shows is that our society no longer believes in anything but bare life. It is obvious that Italians are disposed to sacrifice practically everything — the normal conditions of life, social relationships, work, even friendships, affections, and religious and political convictions — to the danger of getting sick. Bare life — and the danger of losing it — is not something that unites people, but blinds and separates them. Other human beings, as in the plague described in Alessandro Manzoni’s novel, are now seen solely as possible spreaders of the plague whom one must avoid at all costs and from whom one needs to keep oneself at a distance of at least a meter. The dead — our dead — do not have a right to a funeral and it is not clear what will happen to the bodies of our loved ones. Our neighbor has been cancelled and it is curious that churches remain silent on the subject. What do human relationships become in a country that habituates itself to live in this way for who knows how long? And what is a society that has no value other than survival?

      The other thing, no less disquieting than the first, that the epidemic has caused to appear with clarity is that the state of exception, to which governments have habituated us for some time, has truly become the normal condition. There have been more serious epidemics in the past, but no one ever thought for that reason to declare a state of emergency like the current one, which prevents us even from moving. People have been so habituated to live in conditions of perennial crisis and perennial emergency that they don’t seem to notice that their life has been reduced to a purely biological condition and has not only every social and political dimension, but also human and affective. A society that lives in a perennial state of emergency cannot be a free society. We in fact live in a society that has sacrificed freedom to so-called “reasons of security” and has therefore condemned itself to live in a perennial state of fear and insecurity.

      It is not surprising that for the virus one speaks of war. The emergency measures obligate us in fact to life in conditions of curfew. But a war with an invisible enemy that can lurk in every other person is the most absurd of wars. It is, in reality, a civil war. The enemy is not outside, it is within us.

      What is worrisome is not so much or not only the present, but what comes after. Just as wars have left as a legacy to peace a series of inauspicious technologies, from barbed wire to nuclear power plants, so it is also very likely that one will seek to continue even after the health emergency experiments that governments did not manage to bring to reality before: closing universities and schools and doing lessons only online, putting a stop once and for all to meeting together and speaking for political or cultural reasons and exchanging only digital messages with each other, wherever possible substituting machines for every contact — every contagion — between human beings.

      https://itself.blog/2020/03/17/giorgio-agamben-clarifications

    • Must Society be Defended from Agamben?

      Many European countries have by now been in lockdown for more than a week. This has given everyone ample time to reflect on our current condition. Many of the world’s leading critical thinkers have shared their thoughts with us through op-eds, blog posts, and so on. Among the more troubling are three opinion pieces Giorgio Agamben wrote for his Italian publisher Quodlibet. As one could have expected, Agamben vehemently opposes the use of the state of emergency to control this crisis. For the majority of patients, COVID-19 poses no more trouble than a regular flu. Agamben thus fears that exceptional measures pushed through today are dangerously disproportionate. If the reader thinks that makes Agamben sound like coronavirus denialists such as Bolsonaro or Trump, then I must confess they are right. Just like these authoritarian leaders sacrifice global health to their own egos, it seems like Agamben dangerously underestimates the threat the coronavirus poses. So the question must be asked: must society be defended from Agamben?

      For me, this problem is particularly urgent. I am a graduate student in philosophy writing my dissertation about Agamben’s work. Should I, from now on, excuse myself for mentioning Agamben in my research? Will I have to answer mean questions about him and the coronavirus on my PhD defense? I know I am not accountable for the ramblings of a 77-year old man in Italy, but still, I cannot help but feel a bit responsible for whatever my dissertation topic writes. Taking to heart his own statements about ‘abandonment’ as the exposure of people’s bare life to the decision over life and death, I cannot but wonder whether the proposal of doing nothing – a position Agamben shared with the US, the UK, and the Netherlands until a few days ago – is not more problematic than the lockdown we are now in. Is it not the politicians pleading for sacrificing the weak and vulnerable for the sake of ‘group immunity’ who are abandoning the population to the virus’ sovereign decision over life and death? Is it not obvious to Agamben that, today, going into lockdown is riven with class privilege? Upper and middle classes can work from home, while workers, refugees, and the homeless are left to fend for themselves. To give Agamben a fair chance, I will address each of his three arguments against the deployment of the state of exception separately:

      (1) Agamben, firstly, laments the fact that we value biological survival over all other social concerns at the moment. It seems like populations are willing to give up everything – their jobs, their social life, seeing their families – in order to stay alive. Agamben has a point that this shows just how much we have become permeated by the biopolitical imperative to value life above all else, but so what? There is not much to enjoy from social contacts or seeing your family once you are dead. Biological survival is a necessary condition for the cultivation of other social values, so it seems only appropriate that, in times of need, survival comes first. On the other hand, Agamben’s indictment seems fair once we realize that the coronavirus is, in actual fact, not very lethal. Only a small minority of patients develop strong symptoms and, among them, only a minority dies. Agamben, however, misjudges the threat as one of survival or death. What makes the coronavirus so dangerous is not its lethality, but its impenetrability. The problem with the coronavirus is its opaqueness to the governments trying to control its spread. As Bifo wrote recently on Verso Blogs, “neither the immune system nor medical science know anything about the agent. The unknown stops the machine, the biological agent turns into an info-virus, and the info-virus unchains a psychotic reaction.” COVID-19 operates as an info-virus that upsets governmental plans to keep the population safe. Hospitals and clinics are ill-prepared to face this challenge due to years of budget cuts in health services. In that sense, it is more appropriate to regard the recent declarations of the state of emergency as signs of institutional breakdown rather than as a totalitarian ploy to exert domination over the population.

      (2) Agamben’s second criticism is that the fear of contagion governments promote turns everyone into a potential source of infection. During the War on Terror, everyone suddenly became a potential terrorist and could be treated accordingly; nowadays, people suddenly become a potential health threat to each other. This not only grants governments the authority to impose severe restrictions on even healthy citizens, but it also destroys social bonds. People no longer dare to give each other handshakes and the Internet is bursting of messages from lonely people in quarantine begging for a hug. Agamben is right that physical contact is crucial for social well-being. One of the major consequences of the lockdown will be a mental health crisis of unseen proportions. For many of us, the isolation we experience now will have lasting effects for some time to come. On the other hand, Agamben should also not exaggerate the problem. I do not believe people will hesitate to embrace their loved ones once this crisis is over. The restrictions on social interaction are temporary and there is no reason to assume anything different. In the meantime, solidarity is maintained through other means. Right now, my own university department is setting up a system to put lonely students in lockdown in contact with each other. People incessantly find new ways to help each other through these times, whether it is singing Bella ciao from one’s balcony, sewing mouth caps for the local hospital, or babysitting nurses’ and doctors’ children. Lamenting the breakdown of social bonds, like Agamben does, vastly underestimates the viscosity with which the multitude sticks together.

      (3) Agamben’s strongest argument is that the draconian emergency powers of today could become tomorrow’s apparatuses of oppression. Usually, what starts as an extraordinary measure during a state of exception, becomes a permanent tool in the governmental arsenal once the crisis is over. China is already normalizing some of its emergency measures to spy on its population. It has implemented an app-based system of health codes that assign different colour codes to citizens depending on how closely they have been in contact with corona-affected areas. Access to public transport and job facilities could be linked to this data. Public health can hence quickly serve as a pretext for ‘risk scoring’ citizens or even sabotaging political dissidents. Also in Western countries, a cluster of disaster capitalism is forming around the crisis. Private companies have already started developing apps that combine geolocation data with health scores to monitor public life. As Agamben mentions, universities are also switching to online teaching to minimize contagions, but what hinders them from regularizing online teaching? Rather than investing in proper academic staff and offices, they could find it is much cheaper to pay an expert once for making an online teaching module and afterwards pay a grad student peanuts to answer students’ questions online. Are the academics recording their courses at home right now automating themselves out of a job?

      All the while, the main tactic of leftist opposition has become impossible: public manifestations. Believing that socialism is upon us simply because governments are, in times of crisis, considering a universal basic income or universal healthcare, is naïve. If we should have learned one thing from decades of austerity, it is that neoliberals never let a serious crisis go to waste. Keynesian and Neo-Marxist policies might be considered in times of need, but they will quickly disappear in the annals of history if there is no substantial political backdrop to solidify their effects. If the Left fails to grasp this momentum, it will be business as usual once things go back to normal. But how do you organize opposition from the comfort of your home that exceeds free-floating clicktivism? The Left is confronted with a challenge of reconstructing the world after COVID-19 and has lost the most powerful weapon in its arsenal. Corona has hitherto only changed the world in various ways; the point, now, is to give it the correct interpretation to not let it go to waste.

      https://criticallegalthinking.com/2020/03/26/must-society-be-defended-from-agamben

    • Reflections on the Plague (Giorgio Agamben)

      The reflections that follow do not deal with the epidemic itself but with what we can learn from the reactions to it. They are, thus, reflections on the ease with which the whole of society has united in feeling itself afflicted by a plague, has isolated itself in its homes, and has suspended all normal conditions of life — work relationships, friendship, love, and even religious and political beliefs. Why were there no protests and no opposition, as was certainly possible and as is usual in these situations? The hypothesis that I would like to suggest is that somehow, albeit unconsciously, the plague was already present. Conditions of life had evidently become such that a sudden sign was all that it took for the situation to appear for what it was — intolerable, like a plague. In a certain sense, the only positive thing that might be gained from the present situation is this: it is possible that people will begin to ask themselves if the way in which they had previously been living was right.

      We should also reflect upon the need for religion that this situation has made visible. This is indicated by the appearance of terminology from eschatology in the discourse of the media: the obsessive recurrence, above all in the American press, of the word “apocalypse” and other evocations of the end of the world. It is as if the need for religion, no longer finding any satisfaction in the Church, began gropingly to look for another place wherein it could consist, and found it in what has become the religion of our time: science. This, like any religion, can give rise to superstitions and fear — or at least can be used to spread them. Never before have we witnessed such a spectacle of diverse, contradictory opinions and prescriptions — typical of religion in periods of crisis — ranging from minority heretical positions denying the seriousness of the phenomenon (held by some prestigious scientists) up to the dominant orthodox position affirming it, and differing radically on how the situation should be handled. As always in these cases, there are some experts, or self-styled ones, who succeed in securing the favor of the monarchs who, as in the era of the religious disputes that once divided Christianity, side with one current or another according to their own interests and impose measures accordingly.

      Another thing to think about is the obvious collapse of any conviction, or common faith. One could say say that men no longer believe in anything at all — except for bare biological existence which must be saved at any cost. But proceeding from the fear of losing one’s life can only result in tyranny, the monstrous Leviathan with his drawn sword.

      Once the emergency, the plague, has been declared over — if it ever will— I do not believe that it will be possible to return to life as it was before, not for anyone who has maintained a modicum of clarity. And this is perhaps the greatest cause for despair (la cosa più disperante) — even if, as has been said, “Only for those who no longer have hope has hope been given.”*

      *Walter Benjamin. The themes of despair/desperation and hope along with the same quote from Benjamin appear in “The Noonday Demon” in Stanzas.

      https://medium.com/@ddean3000/reflections-on-the-plague-giorgio-agamben-b616763b6259

      Texte original (en italien):
      https://www.quodlibet.it/giorgio-agamben-riflessioni-sulla-peste

  • Early Data Shows African Americans Have Contracted and Died of Coronavirus at an Alarming Rate — ProPublica
    https://www.propublica.org/article/early-data-shows-african-americans-have-contracted-and-died-of-coronavir

    As the disease spread at a higher rate in the black community, it made an even deeper cut. Environmental, economic and political factors have compounded for generations, putting black people at higher risk of chronic conditions that leave lungs weak and immune systems vulnerable: asthma, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes. In Milwaukee, simply being black means your life expectancy is 14 years shorter, on average, than someone white.

    As of Friday morning, African Americans made up almost half of Milwaukee County’s 945 cases and 81% of its 27 deaths in a county whose population is 26% black. Milwaukee is one of the few places in the United States that is tracking the racial breakdown of people who have been infected by the novel coronavirus, offering a glimpse at the disproportionate destruction it is inflicting on black communities nationwide.

    #coronavirus #inégalités

  • What #Wall_Street Doesn’t Want You to Know About Hospital Emergency Rooms | naked capitalism
    https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/04/what-wall-street-doesnt-want-you-to-know-about-hospital-emergency-r

    Doctor Ming Lin is the first emergency room doctor to be fired for going public with his concerns about poor hospital emergency room safety practices and shortages of medical supplies and protective gear for health workers. He won’t be the last.

    Like many hospitals in the US, PeaceHealth St. Joseph Medical Center in Bellingham Washington, where Ming Lin worked for the past 17 years as an emergency room doctor, has outsourced the management and staffing of its emergency rooms. So, Lin works on-site at the hospital’s emergency room, but he is employed by a physician staffing firm that runs the emergency room. These staffing firms are often behind the surprise medical bills for emergency room services that patients receive after their insurance company has paid the hospital and doctors, but not the excessive out-of-network charges billed by these outside staffing firms.

    About a third of hospital emergency rooms are staffed by doctors on the payrolls of two physician staffing companies—TeamHealth and Envision Health—owned by Wall Street investment firms. Envision Healthcare employs 69,000 healthcare workers nationwide while TeamHealth employs 20,000. Private equity firm Blackstone Group owns TeamHealth, Kravis Kohlberg Roberts (KKR) owns Envision.

    #etats-unis #assurance #factures_surprises

  • Pourcentage de PCR SARS-Cov2 positif dans les syndromes grippaux: 5% dans les cas légers.

    Community Prevalence of #SARS-CoV-2 Among Patients With Influenzalike Illnesses Presenting to a Los Angeles Medical Center in March 2020 | Geriatrics | JAMA | JAMA Network
    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2764137

    (”These patients had sufficiently mild illness to be active in the community throughout their illness, increasing the possibility of #transmission.”)

    (PCR for influenza, respiratory syncytial virus and SARS-CoV-2)

    One hundred thirty-one tests for SARS-CoV-2 were obtained and 7 were positive ( 5.3% ; 95% CI, 2.2%-10.7%). The median age of patients who tested positive was 38 years (range, 34-44 years), 3 were male (43%), and the median duration of symptoms was 4 days (range, 2-4 days) at presentation. Six of 7 patients presented with fever, 5 with myalgias, and only 1 with cough. Only 1 patient had a travel history (returned from Miami, Florida). All patients had mild illnesses, and all tested negative for influenza and respiratory syncytial virus.

    #covid-19 #coronavirus #etats-unis

    • Dans les cas un peu plus sévères, 8%,

      Rapid Sentinel Surveillance for COVID-19 — Santa Clara County, California, March 2020 | MMWR
      https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6914e3.htm

      Among 226 patients who met the inclusion criteria [patients with respiratory symptoms (e.g., fever, cough, or shortness of breath)], 23% had positive test results for influenza. Among patients who had negative test results for influenza, 79 specimens were tested for SARS-CoV-2, and 11% had evidence of infection.

      [...]

      If it is assumed there were no influenza and SARS-CoV-2 coinfections and that persons with negative test results for influenza and not tested for SARS-CoV-2 were similar to those who were tested, then an estimated 8% (19 of 226) of persons seen at participating urgent care centers with respiratory symptoms had COVID-19. This is similar to the 5% SARS-CoV-2 infection rate identified among patients evaluated for mild influenza-like illness at one Los Angeles medical center during a similar time frame (étude du JAMA).

  • MIGRANTS AND STATE OF EMERGENCY IN SERBIA

    <iframe src='https://seenthis.net/https://www.facebook.com/plugins/post.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Finfoparkserbia%2Fposts%2F27" width="500" height="713" style="border:none;overflow:hidden" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" allowTransparency="true" allow="encrypted-media"></iframe>

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Infopark #Etatdurgence #Camp

  • #Coronavirus : « Il n’y a pas à s’inquiéter de la facture », selon la Nobel d’#économie

    L’économiste #Esther_Duflo, prix Nobel d’économie 2019, a appelé mardi à ouvrir grand les vannes de la #dépense_publique pour restreindre les ravages économiques de la pandémie de #coronavirus, estimant qu’il “n’y a absolument pas à s’inquiéter de la facture” face à la crise sanitaire.

    Elle a aussi plaidé pour un système d’#imposition “extrêmement progressif” , c’est-à-dire devenant plus lourd au fur et à mesure que les revenus s’élèvent, afin de financer les systèmes de santé, et de soutenir les ménages modestes. “Quand on a une grosse crise de demande comme aujourd’hui, il faut injecter des ressources dans l’économie”, ce qui suppose pour les gouvernements qui le peuvent “d’emprunter massivement et de #stimuler_l’économie autant que possible”, a insisté sur la radio France Inter Mme Duflo.

    La professeure au prestigieux MIT (États-Unis) a estimé que “c’est vraiment le #moment_keynésien par excellence”, en référence à l’économiste anglais John Maynard #Keynes qui avait prôné l’#interventionnisme de l’#État tous azimuts après la crise financière de 1929. “Il s’agit de savoir si on aura plutôt la crise de 2008 ou celle de 1929”, qui avait durablement plombé l’économie mondiale, et “la différence viendra de la volonté de dépenser beaucoup d’argent aujourd’hui, de manière juste”.

    « #Dépenser_plus » maintenant, « cela fait économiser de l’argent »

    Selon elle, “dépenser plus d’argent à la fois pour lutter contre le virus (…) et pour essayer de mitiger au maximum l’impact économique, cela fait économiser de l’argent en fait”. Faute de quoi, la crise risque de devenir “plus mortelle, et d’un point de vue strictement financier, plus grave”, avec un “#effet_boule_de_neige”, et dans ce cas “on passe d’une #récession à une #dépression, dont les #ravages_économiques sont beaucoup plus forts et plus longs”.

    L’économiste, spécialiste de la pauvreté, encourage les pays du G20 à soutenir les pays moins développés, moins armés face à l’#épidémie, et pointe les incertitudes sur la “#sortie_de_crise”, notamment sur la vigueur de la #reprise de la #consommation, facteur qui déterminera “l’ampleur finale du #désastre_économique”.

    Pour un #système_d’imposition « extrêmement progressif »

    Esther Duflo a par ailleurs balayé les craintes sur l’#endettement_public : pour l’heure, les gouvernements “peuvent emprunter à taux extrêmement faibles” et “si on a beaucoup d’argent à dépenser, on a aussi beaucoup de temps pour rembourser”. “Il n’y a absolument pas à s’inquiéter de la facture pour l’instant, c’est le dernier de nos soucis”, insiste-t-elle, mettant en garde contre un retour prématuré à “une #orthodoxie un peu frileuse” sur les déficits.

    Pour Mme Duflo, la crise serait l’occasion d’encourager un système d’imposition “extrêmement progressif” dans les pays développés : “Comment financer à la fois les transferts aux plus pauvres, qui leur permettront de soutenir leur consommation, et les #systèmes_de_santé qu’il va falloir reconstruire ? Le financer par l’#impôt sur les #hauts_revenus (…) semble le moyen le plus raisonnable et le plus réaliste”.

    https://www.lequotidien.lu/economie/coronavirus-il-ny-a-pas-a-sinquieter-de-la-facture-selon-la-nobel-decono

    • « C’est la première fois depuis la loi des suspects de 1793 que l’on ordonne que des gens restent en prison sans l’intervention d’un juge », dénonce Louis Boré, président de l’ordre des avocats au Conseil d’Etat et à la Cour de cassation. Il défendait le recours déposé par le Conseil national des barreaux, la Conférence des bâtonniers et le bâtonnier de Paris.

      Les avocats sont unanimes pour dénoncer ces mesures. La plus haute juridiction administrative a ainsi également été saisie par l’Association des avocats pénalistes, l’Union des jeunes avocats, le Syndicat des avocats de France. Ils ont été rejoints par le Syndicat de la magistrature, la Ligue des droits de l’homme et l’Observatoire international des prisons.

      Le reste derrière paywall. @colporteur ?

    • C’est un peu comme si Macron se vengeai des soignantes, des avocates et des gilets jaunes et qu’il butait les veilles pour économiser des retraites avant celles nées avant 1975 dont il fait aussi l’économie à coup de 49.3.

    • Le ministère de la justice a fait savoir vendredi 3 avril que le nombre de personnes détenues dans les prisons a baissé de 6 266 entre le 16 mars et le 1er avril. Mais ceux qui sont présumés innocents parce qu’ils n’ont pas encore été jugés ne sont pas près de sortir.

      Le Conseil d’Etat a rendu le même jour en référé une décision qui fait grand bruit en validant l’une des mesures les plus contestées prises par le gouvernement dans le cadre des ordonnances de l’état d’urgence sanitaire : la prolongation de plein droit et sans débat des détentions provisoires.

      « C’est la première fois depuis la loi des suspects de 1793 que l’on ordonne que des gens restent en prison sans l’intervention d’un juge », dénonce Louis Boré, président de l’ordre des avocats au Conseil d’Etat et à la Cour de cassation. Il défendait le recours déposé par le Conseil national des barreaux, la Conférence des bâtonniers et le bâtonnier de Paris.

      Limiter les extractions de détenus

      L’ordonnance du 25 mars modifiant la procédure pénale adapte ses dispositions au confinement qui impose aux magistrats comme à l’ensemble des citoyens de rester chez eux, sauf urgence. Pour limiter les audiences dans les cours et tribunaux et les extractions de détenus pour y assister d’une part, et limiter le risque d’annulation de procédures ou de libération de personnes considérées comme dangereuses ou susceptibles de faire pression sur des témoins, faute, pour les juridictions, d’avoir pu tenir une audience dans les délais d’autre part, l’article 16 de l’ordonnance prolonge de deux ou trois mois, selon les cas, la durée maximale des détentions provisoires ordonnées lors d’informations judiciaires sur des délits. Le délai supplémentaire est de six mois pour les procédures criminelles. La circulaire de la garde des sceaux, Nicole Belloubet, diffusée le 26 mars en application de cette ordonnance, précise qu’ « il n’est pas nécessaire que des prolongations soient ordonnées par la juridiction compétente pour prolonger la détention en cours » .

      Les avocats sont unanimes pour dénoncer ces mesures. La plus haute juridiction administrative a ainsi également été saisie par l’Association des avocats pénalistes, l’Union des jeunes avocats, le Syndicat des avocats de France. Ils ont été rejoints par le Syndicat de la magistrature, la Ligue des droits de l’homme et l’Observatoire international des prisons.

      Pourtant, le Conseil d’Etat les a éconduits sans même tenir d’audience. Il juge tout simplement « manifeste que les demandes en référé ne sont pas fondées » . Le président de la section du contentieux, Jean-Denis Combrexelle, a en effet le pouvoir de choisir les référés qui viennent à l’audience devant le juge et ceux qu’il rejettera sans débat. La juridiction suprême de l’ordre administratif juge en l’occurrence que l’ordonnance allongeant les délais de détention provisoire « ne peut être regardée, eu égard à l’évolution de l’épidémie, à la situation sanitaire et aux conséquences des mesures prises pour lutter contre la propagation du Covid-19 sur le fonctionnement des juridictions, (…) comme portant une atteinte manifestement illégale aux libertés fondamentales ».

      « En temps ordinaire, cette affaire serait venue à l’audience », affirme Louis Boré. Mais en ce temps d’état d’urgence sanitaire, le Conseil d’Etat croule sous les procédures. Pas moins de 56 demandes de référés ont été enregistrées depuis 16 mars et 27 ordonnances rendues sur des sujets liés à l’épidémie de Covid-19, apprend-on auprès de l’institution du Palais-Royal.
      Christian Saint-Palais, président de l’Association des avocats pénalistes (ADAP), se dit inquiet que le Conseil d’Etat rejette le recours sans répondre complètement aux arguments déposés.

      « Nous ne sommes pas fermés aux adaptations aux circonstances de la crise sanitaire, ni dans une posture contre la possibilité d’allonger les délais de détention provisoire, mais nous sommes opposés à ce que cela se puisse se faire sans débat devant un juge », dit-il. Une solution comme des audiences par visioconférence, contre laquelle est ordinairement l’ADAP, aurait pu être retenue, plaide son président.

      « Pressions hiérarchiques inhabituelles »

      M. Saint-Palais relate le cas d’un avocat qui, accompagné d’un détenu extrait de sa cellule, attendait lundi 30 mars une audience devant le juge des libertés et de la détention (JLD) de Nanterre. « Le JLD leur a dit de repartir, la détention provisoire étant prolongée sans débat », raconte l’avocat, qui souligne l’absurdité de l’application d’une disposition exceptionnelle censée éviter les extractions judiciaires… alors que le détenu était présent.

      La décision du Conseil d’Etat crée aussi des remous parmi les juges d’instruction, pourtant souvent les premiers demandeurs d’un maintien en détention provisoire des personnes qu’ils ont mises en examen. « Nous sommes inquiets d’une application extensive et systématique de cette mesure alors que, d’après le texte, le débat devant le JLD reste possible », affirme Marion Cackel, juge d’instruction à Lille et présidente de l’Association française des magistrats instructeurs.

      « Les juges ne sont pas d’accord entre eux. Certains estiment que la circulaire de la chancellerie interprète de façon extensive l’ordonnance du 25 mars, alors que c’est au juge d’interpréter la loi, pas au ministre », dénonce un juge d’instruction, qui ne souhaite pas être cité. Il affirme qu’au sein de sa juridiction des « pressions hiérarchiques totalement inhabituelles sont venues pour convaincre les JLD de se ranger derrière l’interprétation de la chancellerie ».

      Une telle situation interdit les recours. Les JLD préviennent ainsi les maisons d’arrêt et les avocats par téléphone que la détention est prolongée, sans débat. Il n’y a pas, comme en temps normal, d’ordonnance du juge, un acte susceptible de recours devant les chambres de l’instruction des cours d’appel.
      Certains juges des libertés choisissent néanmoins de prolonger les détentions au moyen d’une ordonnance. Plusieurs font déjà l’objet de contestations en appel. Il est probable que certaines de ces procédures finissent devant la chambre criminelle de la Cour de cassation. Celle-ci n’est en rien tenue par la décision du Conseil d’Etat de vendredi.

      #état_d’urgence_sanitaire #ordonnance #circulaire #justice (pas de ) #principe_du_contradictoire (pas de) #Conseil_d’Etat #détention_provisoire #prison #juge_des_libertés_et_de_la_détention

  • Il Comune di #Bologna rimuove la targa in memoria di Lorenzo «Orso» Orsetti

    Il 7 novembre 2019 pubblicavamo il comunicato (https://www.wumingfoundation.com/giap/2019/11/lorenzo-orsetti-in-cirenaica) col quale il «collettivo di collettivi» Resistenze in Cirenaica rivendicava l’intitolazione dal basso di un giardino pubblico ancora senza nome al compagno Lorenzo Orsetti detto «Orso», nome di battaglia «#Tekosher», caduto in Siria nella lotta contro l’ISIS.

    Oggi, 31 gennaio 2020, la targa è stata rimossa. Ora il giardino ha un altro nome, un nome «con tutti i crismi» burocratici e amministrativi.

    La targa in memoria di Orso sarebbe potuta rimanere, perché no? Tanti luoghi delle nostre città hanno un nome ufficioso e uno ufficiale, coesistenti e mai confusi l’uno con l’altro. Tantopiù che parliamo di un giardino pubblico, senza numeri civici, dove non poteva sorgere alcun equivoco o disguido. E invece no, il nome di Orso lo si è voluto rimuovere ed è stato rimosso, senza alcuna remora.

    RIC ha appena pubblicato sul proprio blog alcune considerazioni sull’episodio: https://resistenzeincirenaica.com/2020/01/31/odomen-omen



    https://www.wumingfoundation.com/giap/2020/01/rimossa-targa-ilorenzo-orsetti
    #Bologne #toponymie #Lorenzo_Orsetti #mémoire #plaque_commémorative #Italie #toponymie_politique

    #partisans #ISIS #Etat_islamique #nouveaux_partisans #Syrie

    ping @albertocampiphoto @wizo @reka

    • Un nuovo partigiano in Cirenaica: RIC intitola un giardino pubblico a Lorenzo Orsetti

      La sera del 7 novembre 2019 Resistenze In Cirenaica ha reso omaggio al combattente internazionalista Lorenzo Orsetti, caduto in Siria il 18 marzo 2019. Abbiamo dato il suo nome a un giardino ancora privo di intitolazione all’inizio di via Sante Vincenzi. Ora si chiama Giardino Lorenzo Orsetti detto Orso – Partigiano (1986 – 2019).

      Nel rione Cirenaica di Bologna la maggior parte delle vie porta nomi di partigiani caduti per la Liberazione; anche Lorenzo è stato un partigiano ed è così che lo ricordiamo, tra le combattenti e i combattenti di tutte le liberazioni.

      “Orso” stava dando il proprio contributo alla lotta contro l’ISIS e alla rivoluzione del confederalismo democratico, un esempio di società laica, antisessista e antifascista in pieno Medio Oriente.

      In diverse città – Roma, Torino, Palermo, Firenze… – piazze e parchi portano già il nome di questo nostro compagno.

      Dal 2014 Resistenze In Cirenaica lavora per fare dell’intero rione un grande luogo di memoria, raccontando le storie di resistenza al colonialismo e al fascismo incastonate nei nomi delle vie e nel nome stesso del quartiere; organizzando trekking urbani e performance; realizzando murales e curando libri autoprodotti. L’azione che ha tenuto a battesimo il progetto RIC è stata l’intitolazione dal basso al ferroviere anarchico Lorenzo Giusti del giardino pubblico di via Barontini.

      Durante un trekking urbano abbiamo anche reintitolato via Libia alla partigiana Vinka Kitarovic e via De Amicis alla partigiana Tolmina Guazzaloca.

      Le nostre azioni hanno ispirato le ignote che l’8 marzo scorso hanno ribattezzato la piazzetta degli Umarells «piazzetta delle Partigiane», così come molte altre performance nel resto d’Italia.

      Quella di ieri sera non era dunque la prima azione di guerriglia odonomastica e non sarà l’ultima.

      In Siria del Nord si continua a combattere e morire e dopo l’invasione turca la situazione si è fatta ancora più grave. In questi anni migliaia di persone provenienti da tutta la Siria e da tutto il mondo sono cadute per difendere la rivoluzione del Rojava. Questo cartello non è solo per Orso ma per tutte e tutti loro.

      Della situazione in Siria si parlerà questa sera al Vag61 di via Paolo Fabbri 110.

      Alle 19:30 ci sarà una cena a sostegno della Mezzaluna Rossa Kurdistan Italia Onlus.
      Alle 21 si svolgerà l’incontro con il regista Luigi D’Alife, autore del documentario Binxet – Sotto il confine, per un aggiornamento sulla situazione della Siria del Nord.
      A seguire, la proiezione del documentario Radio Kobani di Reber Dosky.

      https://www.wumingfoundation.com/giap/2019/11/lorenzo-orsetti-in-cirenaica

  • What To Do If You Just Lost Health Insurance With Your Job : NPR
    https://www.npr.org/2020/04/02/826187831/what-to-do-if-you-just-lost-health-insurance-with-your-job

    KELLY: So for the millions of people who have just filed for unemployment, what are their coverage options?

    SIMMONS-DUFFIN [NPR health policy reporter]: So like all things health insurance, it’s a bit complicated. It depends on where you live, but there are three big buckets to look at. And the first is COBRA; so if you worked for an employer with 20 or more workers, you have access to COBRA. It’s basically exactly the same coverage that you had before, but it can be really expensive - hundreds of dollars in premiums - and your employer isn’t chipping in to defray that.

    Then the second thing is Obamacare insurance exchanges. Losing job-based coverage is a qualifying event, so you can shop for a plan there. The third option is Medicaid, so the rules about who qualifies varies from state to state, but it’s based on monthly income. You have to make less than $1,400 a month for yourself or $3,000 a month for a family of four in most states to qualify.

    #assurance #santé #etats-unis

  • La sécurité du Dr Fauci renforcée après des attaques en ligne
    https://www.lapresse.ca/international/etats-unis/202004/02/01-5267617-la-securite-du-dr-fauci-renforcee-apres-des-attaques-en-ligne.ph

    Très attaché aux faits, l’épidémiologiste a parfois contredit le milliardaire républicain, tout en prenant soin de ne pas l’attaquer frontalement.

    Ses positions et sa visibilité en ont fait une cible des milieux d’#extrême_droite, qui multiplient les attaques contre lui sur les réseaux sociaux.

    #coronavirus #etats-unis

  • Mesures annoncées par le #Conseil_fédéral sur l’asile : de la poudre aux yeux !

    Hier, mercredi 1er avril, le Conseil fédéral a annoncé des mesures censées rendre possible et acceptable le maintien du traitement des procédures d’asile, malgré l’#état_d’urgence et les recommandations de “rester à la maison” qu’il a lui-même décrétés pour lutter contre la pandémie de coronavirus. Pour le Centre social protestant de Genève, qui avec d’autres associations a interpelé les autorités ces derniers jours à ce sujet, ces mesures constituent de la poudre aux yeux. Le traitement des demandes d’asile est contraire aux recommandations sanitaires, affaiblit les efforts de #confinement fournis par la population et doit être immédiatement suspendu.

    Les mesures adoptées hier ne résolvent ni le fait que de nombreuses procédures impliquent des déplacements de personnes à travers toute la Suisse pour préparer et mener des auditions, notamment à Berne ou dans des centres fédéraux d’asile, ni le fait que les procédures vont mobiliser des médecins pour établir des certificats médicaux. Pire, elles induisent une restriction disproportionnée à une procédure équitable, puisque le Secrétariat d’Etat aux Migrations (SEM) est désormais autorisé à mener des auditions même en l’absence d’un représentant juridique. Cette possibilité laissée au SEM de maintenir les auditions même en l’absence d’un représentant juridique en raison du coronavirus est choquante. Les prolongations de quelques délais de recours et de départ n’apportent pas plus de réponses aux enjeux sanitaires qui devraient être jugés prépondérants.

    Surtout, les mesures annoncées par le Conseil fédéral concernent le traitement des procédures d’asile accélérées dans les centres fédéraux d’asile. Or, toutes les autres étapes de procédure, qui génèrent des déplacements, des consultations juridiques et mobilisent des ressources médicales, sont maintenues. Les requérants d’asile et leurs mandataires continuent de les recevoir et de devoir y répondre :

    – convocations pour des auditions à Berne pour les procédures d’asile traitées selon l’ancien droit.
    – décisions négatives de première instance nécessitant cas échéant la rédaction d’un recours dans les trente jours.
    – menaces de levée d’admission provisoire pour celles et ceux qui en étaient bénéficiaires depuis plusieurs années.
    – exercices du droit d’être entendu ou décisions finales du Tribunal administratif fédéral.
    – etc.

    Les déplacements et les contacts entre demandeurs d’asile, assistants sociaux, mandataires juridiques, interprètes, et fonctionnaires du SEM que ces procédures impliquent représentent un risque de contagion alors qu’elles ne revêtent pas un caractère urgent. C’est pourquoi elles doivent êtres suspendues jusqu’à la fin de l’état d’urgence.

    https://csp.ch/geneve/mesures-annoncees-par-le-conseil-federal-sur-lasile-de-la-poudre-aux-yeux

    #procédure_d'asile #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Suisse #auditions #coronavirus #suspension

    –—

    voir aussi :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/833574

    Et la métaliste :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/834052

    ping @thomas_lacroix @isskein

  • Revealed: #Monsanto predicted crop system would damage US farms | US news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/mar/30/monsanto-crop-system-damage-us-farms-documents

    The US #agriculture giant Monsanto and the German chemical giant #BASF were aware for years that their plan to introduce a new agricultural seed and chemical system would probably lead to damage on many US farms, internal documents seen by the Guardian show.

    Risks were downplayed even while they planned how to profit off farmers who would buy Monsanto’s new seeds just to avoid damage, according to documents unearthed during a recent successful $265m lawsuit brought against both firms by a Missouri farmer.

    #etats-unis #pesticides #ogm

  • ’Sailors do not need to die,’ warns captain of coronavirus-hit U.S. aircraft carrier - Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-usa-navy-idUSKBN21I2SV

    The captain of the U.S. aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt, in a blunt letter, has called on Navy leadership for stronger measures to save the lives of his sailors and stop the spread of the coronavirus aboard the huge ship.

    The four-page letter, the contents of which were confirmed by U.S. officials to Reuters on Tuesday, described a bleak situation onboard the nuclear-powered carrier as more sailors test positive for the virus.

    The Navy puts the ship’s complement at 5,000, the equivalent of a small American town.

    The letter was first reported by the San Francisco Chronicle.

    Captain Brett Crozier, the ship’s commanding officer, wrote that the carrier lacked enough quarantine and isolation facilities and warned the current strategy would slow but fail to eradicate the highly contagious respiratory virus.

    In the letter dated Monday, he called for “decisive action” and removing over 4,000 sailors from the ship and isolating them. Along with the ship’s crew, naval aviators and others serve aboard the Roosevelt.

    We are not at war. Sailors do not need to die. If we do not act now, we are failing to properly take care of our most trusted asset - our sailors,” Crozier wrote.

    U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Reuters that nearly 80 people aboard the ship had tested positive for the coronavirus, a number likely to increase as all personnel on the ship are tested.

  • If you’re hospitalized with #COVID-19 and don’t have insurance, you’ll likely owe $73,000. One chart shows how broken the system is for the most vulnerable.
    https://www.businessinsider.fr/us/coronavirus-covid-19-treatment-testing-costs-2020-3

    Those with insurance are estimated to have an average medical bill for the same duration stay of $38,221, but that doesn’t mean that’s how much they’ll pay. That is the rate negotiated between your insurance plan and your in-network health providers. How much you’d actually pay depends on your insurance plan.

    #états-unis #assurance #santé

  • #COVID-19 Restrictions

    In response to COVID-19, national governments have introduced a series of restrictions to slow the spread of the virus. Below is a map showing various constraints implemented by countries across Europe.


    https://frontex.europa.eu/media-centre/news-release/covid-19-restrictions-4IdY3J
    #mobilité #fermeture_des_frontières #Europe #migrations #frontières #coronavirus #cartographie #visualisation #état_d'urgence #liberté_de_circulation #liberté_de_mouvement #Schengen (fin de -)
    ping @karine4 @reka @thomas_lacroix @isskein