• Global Trends #2019 – rifugiati e richiedenti asilo: la situazione nell’Unione Europea

    Sono 20 milioni i rifugiati nel mondo nel 2019. L’Unione europea accoglie circa 2 milioni e 700 mila persone, che corrisponde al 13% di tutti coloro che sono accolti negli altri paesi e continenti.

    Secondo l’ultima edizione dei Global Trends (https://www.unhcr.it/news/comunicati-stampa/l1-per-cento-della-popolazione-mondiale-e-in-fuga-secondo-il-rapporto-annuale-) dell’Unhcr vi sono paesi come la Turchia, il Pakistan e l’Uganda che “da soli” riconoscono lo status di rifugiato rispettivamente a 3 milioni e mezzo, 1 milione e 491 mila, 1 milione e 359 mila persone, pari al 31% di tutti coloro che sono accolti negli altri paesi.

    La media Ue (Regno Unito compreso) è di 5 rifugiati ogni 1000 abitanti. In Italia la media è di 3 ogni 1000 abitanti.
    La sfida europea alla solidarietà

    I dati forniti da Unhcr in merito alla situazione dei rifugiati e dei richiedenti asilo nell’Unione europea consentono alcune riflessioni.

    La prima è la sostanziale continuità circa la presenza di rifugiati nei paesi dell’Unione europea: ben lontani dall’emergenza, la presenza di rifugiati nei paesi della Ue è stabile, con un incremento complessivo, rispetto al 2018, pari al 4%.

    La seconda riflessione chiama in causa l’Italia che, tra i paesi europei, è tra i paesi al di sotto della media europea con la presenza di 3 rifugiati ogni 1.000 abitanti.

    La terza riflessione concerne i paesi di provenienza dei rifugiati presenti negli stati europei al 31 dicembre 2019, e le scelte politiche conseguenti tra i paesi cosiddetti di frontiera e quelli di arrivo. Se alcuni paesi come l’Italia, la Grecia, Malta e la Spagna, in quanto paesi di approdo, sono coinvolti per primi nella gestione degli arrivi via mare, vi sono altri stati come la Francia e la Germania che concedono protezione a persone provenienti da una molteplicità di paesi. A questo proposito, colpisce il dato sulla Francia che accoglie rifugiati di 44 nazionalità.

    Queste riflessioni chiamano in causa proprio il ruolo dell’Unione europea e la necessità di policy condivise tra gli stati su una questione che coinvolge tutti i paesi, specifica, e costante. Peraltro alcuni paesi come i Paesi Bassi e la Francia, nel 2019, si sono distinti per la naturalizzazione dei rifugiati: oltre 12mila nei Paesi Bassi e 3mila in Francia.

    “A volte serve una crisi come quella da Covid19 per ricordarci che abbiamo bisogno di essere uniti. In un momento dove il mondo vive un periodo di grande vulnerabilità la nostra forza è la solidarietà: nessuno è al sicuro se non lo siamo tutti. Ognuno di noi può fare la differenza e contribuire a trovare delle soluzioni per andare avanti”, ha dichiarato la Rappresentante per l’Italia, la Santa Sede e San Marino, Chiara Cardoletti, il 20 giugno scorso, in occasione della celebrazione della Giornata Mondiale del Rifugiato.

    A questo proposito, bisogna ricordare che il Portogallo, ha scelto, nella fase di emergenza sanitaria di Covid 19, allo scopo di garantire l’assistenza sanitaria durante la pandemia, di concedere a immigrati e richiedenti asilo con permesso di soggiorno ‘pendente’ l’assistenza sanitaria e l’accesso ai servizi pubblici.

    Sul versante opposto, l’Ungheria ha inasprito ulteriormente le politiche di chiusura, utilizzando le misure di blocco per eseguire respingimenti su larga scala dai campi cittadini e dai centri che ospitano i richiedenti asilo.

    Una questione cruciale, la protezione sociale e sanitaria, che si sovrappone a un altro dato emerso dal Global Trends 2019. La portavoce di Unchr Italia, Carlotta Sami, in occasione della presentazione dei dati, ci ha ricordato che “la possibilità per Unhcr di organizzare i rientri a casa, che negli anni novanta corrispondeva ad una media di 1 milione e mezzo di persone all’anno, è crollata a 385 mila”e ha ricordato “che solo il 5% dei rifugiati ha potuto usufruire di una soluzione stabile come il reinsediamento”.

    Difficoltà a ritornare a casa e necessità di protezione sociale in fasi delicate come quelle della emergenza sanitaria sono due questioni sulle quali l’Unione europea è chiamata a intervenire.

    Nell’ormai lontano 1994, Alexander Langer, nel discorso pronunciato in occasione delle elezioni europee, invocò la necessità di una priorità politica nel trattare alcune questioni: “Finora l’Europa comunitaria si è preoccupata molto delle aziende, delle merci, dei capitali, dei tassi di inflazione. Ora si tratta di varare un corpo comune di leggi di cittadinanza e di democrazia europea, a garanzia di eguali diritti e uguale protezione in tutta l’Unione, a garanzia dell’apertura agli altri. La difesa e la promozione dei diritti umani all’interno e all’esterno dell’Unione deve diventare una priorità politica oltre che morale”.

    In un contesto come quello attuale, gli stati dell’Unione europea – su una questione cruciale come quella migratoria – dovrebbero raccogliere la sfida di trovare un accordo comune che riesca a superare interessi divergenti.

    https://www.cartadiroma.org/osservatorio/factchecking/global-trends-2019-rifugiati-e-richiedenti-asilo-la-situazione-nellunione-europea/amp/?__twitter_impression=true
    #statistiques #chiffres #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Europe #UE #EU #visualisation

    ping @karine4 @reka @isskein

  • ASDN #28 / Stéphane Bortzmeyer - « Cyberstructure » (30 janvier 2019) • Aux sources du numérique ( - Podcast Addict
    https://podcastaddict.com/episode/78154372
    https://image.ausha.co/u85Qi3N04Q5PXU3wRbPmfqih07AZMOXqKA92Koxv_1400x1400.jpeg?t=1559846276

    Mar 01 2019 79 mins 5
    Stéphane Bortzmeyer, ingénieur en réseaux informatiques à l’AFNIC, était l’invité de Spintank et Renaissance Numérique pour la 28e édition d’ASDN à l’occasion de la parution de son ouvrage « Cyberstructure. L’Internet, un espace politique » (C&F éditions, 2018).

    #Stéphane_Bortzmeyer #C&F_éditions #Podcast

  • Aux Etats-Unis, des profils ADN très peu confidentiels
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2018/06/09/aux-etats-unis-des-profils-adn-tres-peu-confidentiels_5312037_3232.html

    Les résultats des tests « maison », dont raffolent les particuliers américains, forment de colossales bases de données génétiques. Si mal protégées que même la police s’en sert… Joseph James DeAngelo et William Earl Talbott II n’avaient sans doute jamais entendu ­parler de GEDmatch. Située en Floride, cette ­entreprise de taille modeste spécialisée dans les recherches généalogiques n’avait non plus jamais eu affaire à eux. A la surprise générale et à leur insu, leurs routes se sont pourtant croisées ces (...)

    #FamilyTreeDNA #AncestryDNA #23andMe #GEDmatch #MyHeritage #génétique #police #données #prédiction #BigData #hacking #santé (...)

    ##santé ##AfricanAncestry

  • Rapport 2019 sur les #incidents_racistes recensés par les #centres_de_conseil

    La plupart des incidents racistes recensés par les centres de conseil en 2019 sont survenus dans l’#espace_public et sur le #lieu_de_travail, le plus souvent sous la forme d’#inégalités_de_traitement ou d’#insultes. Pour ce qui est des motifs de #discrimination, la #xénophobie vient en tête, suivie par le #racisme_anti-Noirs et l’#hostilité à l’égard des personnes musulmanes. Le rapport révèle aussi une augmentation des incidents relevant de l’#extrémisme_de_droite.

    La plupart des #discriminations signalées en 2019 se sont produites dans l’espace public (62 cas). Les incidents sur le lieu de travail arrivent en deuxième position (50 cas), en diminution par rapport à 2018. Les cas de #discrimination_raciale étaient aussi très fréquents dans le #voisinage, dans le domaine de la #formation et dans les contacts avec l’#administration et la #police.

    Pour ce qui est des motifs de discrimination, la xénophobie en général arrive en tête (145 cas), suivie par le racisme anti-Noirs (132 incidents) et l’hostilité à l’égard des personnes musulmanes (55 cas). Enfin, le rapport fait état d’une augmentation significative des cas relevant de l’extrémisme de droite (36 cas). À cet égard, il mentionne notamment l’exemple d’un centre de conseil confronté dans une commune à différents incidents extrémistes commis par des élèves : diffusion de symboles d’extrême droite, gestes comme le #salut_hitlérien et même #agressions_verbales et physiques d’un jeune Noir. Le centre de conseil est intervenu en prenant différentes mesures. Grâce à ce travail de sensibilisation, il a réussi à calmer la situation.

    En 2019, les centres de conseil ont également traité différents cas de #profilage_racial (23 cas). Ainsi, une femme a notamment dénoncé un incident survenu à l’#aéroport alors qu’elle revenait d’un voyage professionnel : à la suite d’un contrôle effectué par la #police_aéroportuaire et les #gardes-frontières, cette femme a été la seule passagère à être prise à part. Alors même que tous ses documents étaient en ordre et sans aucune explication supplémentaire, elle a été emmenée dans une pièce séparée où elle a subi un interrogatoire musclé. Sa valise a également été fouillée et elle a dû se déshabiller. Le rapport revient plus en détail sur cet exemple – parmi d’autres – en lien avec un entretien avec la coordinatrice du Centre d’écoute contre le racisme de Genève.

    Au total, le rapport 2019 dénombre 352 cas de discrimination raciale recensés dans toute la Suisse par les 22 centres de conseil membres du réseau. Cette publication n’a pas la prétention de recenser et d’analyser la totalité des cas de #discrimination_raciale. Elle vise plutôt à donner un aperçu des expériences vécues par les victimes de racisme et à mettre en lumière la qualité et la diversité du travail des centres de conseil. Ceux-ci fournissent en effet des informations générales et des conseils juridiques, offrent un soutien psychosocial aux victimes et apportent une précieuse contribution à la résolution des conflits.

    https://www.admin.ch/gov/fr/accueil/documentation/communiques.msg-id-78901.html

    –—

    Pour télécharger le rapport :


    http://network-racism.ch/cms/upload/200421_Rassismusbericht_19_F.pdf

    #rapport #racisme #Suisse #statistiques #chiffres #2019
    #islamophobie #extrême_droite

    ping @cede

  • À partir de la même source (AFP), avec la même photo, deux estimations différentes :

    Dans son premier paragraphe, Le Monde assume explicitement : 2700, c’est « des centaines » :
    https://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2020/07/18/mort-d-adama-traore-une-marche-organisee-samedi-a-beaumont-sur-oise-avec-des

    Quatre ans après la mort d’Adama Traoré après son interpellation à Beaumont-sur-Oise, des centaines de manifestants ont défilé, samedi 18 juillet, dans cette ville du Val-d’Oise. Selon la gendarmerie, la marche a réuni 2 700 personnes, qui ont retracé dans le calme le dernier parcours de ce jeune homme noir de 24 ans, mort dans la commune de Persan le 19 juillet 2016, peu après son arrestation, au terme d’une course-poursuite avec les gendarmes.

  • Budget européen pour la migration : plus de contrôles aux frontières, moins de respect pour les droits humains

    Le 17 juillet 2020, le Conseil européen examinera le #cadre_financier_pluriannuel (#CFP) pour la période #2021-2027. À cette occasion, les dirigeants de l’UE discuteront des aspects tant internes qu’externes du budget alloué aux migrations et à l’#asile.

    En l’état actuel, la #Commission_européenne propose une #enveloppe_budgétaire totale de 40,62 milliards d’euros pour les programmes portant sur la migration et l’asile, répartis comme suit : 31,12 milliards d’euros pour la dimension interne et environ 10 milliards d’euros pour la dimension externe. Il s’agit d’une augmentation de 441% en valeur monétaire par rapport à la proposition faite en 2014 pour le budget 2014-2020 et d’une augmentation de 78% par rapport à la révision budgétaire de 2015 pour ce même budget.

    Une réalité déguisée

    Est-ce une bonne nouvelle qui permettra d’assurer dignement le bien-être de milliers de migrant.e.s et de réfugié.e.s actuellement abandonné.e.s à la rue ou bloqué.e.s dans des centres d’accueil surpeuplés de certains pays européens ? En réalité, cette augmentation est principalement destinée à renforcer l’#approche_sécuritaire : dans la proposition actuelle, environ 75% du budget de l’UE consacré à la migration et à l’asile serait alloué aux #retours, à la #gestion_des_frontières et à l’#externalisation des contrôles. Ceci s’effectue au détriment des programmes d’asile et d’#intégration dans les États membres ; programmes qui se voient attribuer 25% du budget global.

    Le budget 2014 ne comprenait pas de dimension extérieure. Cette variable n’a été introduite qu’en 2015 avec la création du #Fonds_fiduciaire_de_l’UE_pour_l’Afrique (4,7 milliards d’euros) et une enveloppe financière destinée à soutenir la mise en œuvre de la #déclaration_UE-Turquie de mars 2016 (6 milliards d’euros), qui a été tant décriée. Ces deux lignes budgétaires s’inscrivent dans la dangereuse logique de #conditionnalité entre migration et #développement : l’#aide_au_développement est liée à l’acceptation, par les pays tiers concernés, de #contrôles_migratoires ou d’autres tâches liées aux migrations. En outre, au moins 10% du budget prévu pour l’Instrument de voisinage, de développement et de coopération internationale (#NDICI) est réservé pour des projets de gestion des migrations dans les pays d’origine et de transit. Ces projets ont rarement un rapport avec les activités de développement.

    Au-delà des chiffres, des violations des #droits_humains

    L’augmentation inquiétante de la dimension sécuritaire du budget de l’UE correspond, sur le terrain, à une hausse des violations des #droits_fondamentaux. Par exemple, plus les fonds alloués aux « #gardes-côtes_libyens » sont importants, plus on observe de #refoulements sur la route de la Méditerranée centrale. Depuis 2014, le nombre de refoulements vers la #Libye s’élève à 62 474 personnes, soit plus de 60 000 personnes qui ont tenté d’échapper à des violences bien documentées en Libye et qui ont mis leur vie en danger mais ont été ramenées dans des centres de détention indignes, indirectement financés par l’UE.

    En #Turquie, autre partenaire à long terme de l’UE en matière d’externalisation des contrôles, les autorités n’hésitent pas à jouer avec la vie des migrant.e.s et des réfugié.e.s, en ouvrant et en fermant les frontières, pour négocier le versement de fonds, comme en témoigne l’exemple récent à la frontière gréco-turque.

    Un budget opaque

    « EuroMed Droits s’inquiète de l’#opacité des allocations de fonds dans le budget courant et demande à l’Union européenne de garantir des mécanismes de responsabilité et de transparence sur l’utilisation des fonds, en particulier lorsqu’il s’agit de pays où la corruption est endémique et qui violent régulièrement les droits des personnes migrantes et réfugiées, mais aussi les droits de leurs propres citoyen.ne.s », a déclaré Wadih Al-Asmar, président d’EuroMed Droits.

    « Alors que les dirigeants européens se réunissent à Bruxelles pour discuter du prochain cadre financier pluriannuel, EuroMed Droits demande qu’une approche plus humaine et basée sur les droits soit adoptée envers les migrant.e.s et les réfugié.e.s, afin que les appels à l’empathie et à l’action résolue de la Présidente de la Commission européenne, Ursula von der Leyen ne restent pas lettre morte ».

    https://euromedrights.org/fr/publication/budget-europeen-pour-la-migration-plus-de-controles-aux-frontieres-mo


    https://twitter.com/EuroMedRights/status/1283759540740096001

    #budget #migrations #EU #UE #Union_européenne #frontières #Fonds_fiduciaire_pour_l’Afrique #Fonds_fiduciaire #sécurité #réfugiés #accord_UE-Turquie #chiffres #infographie #renvois #expulsions #Neighbourhood_Development_and_International_Cooperation_Instrument

    Ajouté à la métaliste sur la #conditionnalité_de_l'aide_au_développement :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/733358#message768701

    Et à la métaliste sur l’externalisation des contrôles frontaliers :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/731749#message765319

    ping @karine4 @rhoumour @reka @_kg_

  • New Data on T Cells and the Coronavirus | In the Pipeline
    https://blogs.sciencemag.org/pipeline/archives/2020/07/15/new-data-on-t-cells-and-the-coronavirus

    A propos de :

    SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell immunity in cases of #COVID-19 and SARS, and uninfected controls | Nature
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2550-z

    Now comes a new paper in press at Nature. It confirms that convalescent patients from the current epidemic show T-cell responses (mostly CD4+ but some CD8+ as well) to various epitopes of the N (nucleocapsid) protein, which the earlier paper had identified as one of the main antigens as well (along with the Spike and M proteins, among others, with differences between the CD4+ and CD8+ responses as well).

    Turning to patients who had caught #SARS back in #2003 and recovered, it is already known (and worried about) that their antibody responses faded within two or three years. But this paper shows that these patients still have (17 years later!) a robust T-cell response to the original SARS coronavirus’s N protein, which extends an earlier report of such responses going out to 11 years. This new work finds that these cross-react with the new #SARS_CoV-2 N protein as well. This makes one think, as many have been wondering, that T-cell driven immunity is perhaps the way to reconcile the apparent paradox between (1) antibody responses that seem to be dropping week by week in convalescent patients but (2) few (if any) reliable reports of actual re-infection. That would be good news indeed.

    Et comme dans une étude précédente, il semble exister une #immunité croisée même chez les personnes qui n’ont jamais été en contact avec le sars-2003 ou le coronavirus du #MERS ; de plus une partie de cette dernière semble être due à un contact avec des coronavirus animaux.

  • A Look at the Refugee Crisis Five Years Later

    In 2015, as almost a million asylum seekers poured into Germany, Chancellor #Angela_Merkel said: “We can do this.” Was she right? Five years later, we take a closer look in the most average of average German towns.

    With its population of around 20,000, the town of #Hassloch is essentially the largest village in the Palatinate region of Germany. Still, it is well known in the country for being a special place - in that there is nothing special about it. Decades ago, the realization was made that from a demographic perspective, Hassloch is a microcosm of the country at large, with its age, gender and economic breakdown roughly reflecting that of Germany as a whole. Indeed, its demography is so normal that it was chosen in the 1980s by the Society for Consumer Research as the place where new products would be tested. After all, if people in Hassloch like it, you can be relatively sure that people in the rest of Germany will too. If Germany is a tree, Hassloch is its bonsai.

    What, though, can the place tell us about Germany’s handling of the huge influx of refugees five years ago? On Aug. 31, 2015, Chancellor Angela Merkel held a press conference in which she discussed the challenges that the wave of migration presented for the country. Hundreds of thousands of people were making their way into Europe at the time across the Mediterranean and along the Balkan Route – and many of them had set their sights on Germany. It marked the beginning of years of political discord, pitting EU countries, political parties and individuals against one another. In that press conference, Merkel said: “Germany is a strong country. We have done so much. We can do this!” It is a sentence that would become a trademark of her tenure.

    Now, five years later, we know that almost exactly 890,000 asylum seekers came to Germany in 2015. But have we “done this”? It’s hard to say, just as it is difficult to define exactly what “this” means, or even who “we” are. It all depends on your perspective. In Hassloch, the question as to who managed to “do this,” and when and what that means, leads to a number of places — to a city administrator, to an expert on parrots, and to extremely German families with colorful collections of passports. This story, though, begins in city hall.

    On the list of the most common German last names, Meyer is in sixth place. And Tobias Meyer, the town’s deputy mayor, looks so similar to his center-left predecessor that the two are often mistaken for one another. Meyer is a cheerful sort with expressive eyebrows and average height. In his office, he says that he joined the center-right Christian Democratic Union, Merkel’s party, on his 18th birthday out of admiration for Helmut Kohl. He sees himself “as a centrist” politically. “I find it astonishing,” says Meyer, “that not even the fall of the Berlin Wall changed our status as an average town.” It almost sounds as though normality in Germany is unchanging, no matter what happens and no matter who comes into the country.

    Since 2015, Hassloch has been home to between 500 and 600 refugees. The precise total is unknown, since many either returned home or quickly moved onwards. Currently, the town is home to 152 refugees, including 72 whose asylum applications are currently being processed. Back in 2015, after that summer of migration, the total was 211, which represents 1.1 percent of Hassloch’s population.

    And what about the 890,000 who showed up in Germany with its 82 million people? “You see?” says Meyer. Exactly 1.1 percent.

    Meyer is happy to talk about refugees at length, and isn’t shy about saying that some of them came expecting a rosy future without wanting to do much in return. Or about the fact that, from his perspective, the town hasn’t changed much as a result. Perhaps more instructive, however, is a visit to the administrative expert in city hall, a certain Ms. Behret.

    First, though, a final question for Tobias Meyer. Has Hassloch “done this?” Meyer’s response: “Hmmmm.”
    Administration

    The office is little more than the physical manifestation of the rules it is there to enforce, furnished with myriad filing cabinets with fake beech veneer. There are a few signs of life pinned to them, such as vacation pictures or funny Dilbert-esque cartoons about office life from the local paper. There are rows and rows of “meeting minutes” and “official correspondence,” along with a few stoic office plants doing their best to provide atmosphere. And in the middle of it all sits Christine Behret.

    “I love my job” it says on her keychain. She is the only woman in a leadership position in Hassloch city hall and she says she has been carrying around the keychain since her first day there. “I fought for this job,” Behret says. She describes herself as “a bit tough.”

    “We at the regulatory authority have a slightly different view of certain problems,” she says. “When a Sikh man shows up in your office, sits down on the floor and says he’s not going anywhere until he is allowed to cook in the hostel” – which isn’t allowed due to fire regulations – “then friendliness doesn’t get you very far. You have to pull out your English and affably throw him out. But you can never forget that you are dealing with a human being.”

    In her accounts, the phrase “we can do this” sounds mostly like a ton of work. Back in 2015, Behret says, she and her colleagues worked seven days a week. No public office, she continues, was prepared for the onslaught: They needed beds, food and doctors, despite the shortage of family practitioners in many rural areas of Germany. The first question to answer: centralized or decentralized accommodations? Hassloch chose a mixture of the two, which included a large hostel. Most of the refugees, though, were put up in 51 apartments that had been rented for the purpose. The asylum seekers were housed together according to complicated parameters, for which Christine Behret received additional training in “intercultural competence.” She said they learned such things as “women have no power in the places they come from, but here, women tell them what to do.” It is a sentence that has been part of the German migration debate for decades.

    Behret can provide a precise description of the asylum seekers in Hassloch using just a few sentences. She says they have “the entire spectrum” in the town, from a mathematics professor from Syria to others who can’t even write their own names. “The typical cases come by once a month to pick up their checks. For some of them, it’s enough. Others start working at McDonald’s at some point, or deliver packages for Amazon.”

    There was the alcoholic from Nigeria who shoplifted every day. “He was sent to us with no warning whatsoever. And no file,” Behret says. “How can something like that happen?” In that case, Tobias Meyer drove to the central reception center in the nearby town of Kusel to see what had happened. They then came by and picked the man up, she says.

    She tells the story of the man who died, yet couldn’t be buried because he had no birth certificate. “And if you haven’t been born, you can’t die.” In this room, focused on the administration of people, where everything is perfectly arranged, it is clear that she derives a certain amount of pleasure from such moments of turmoil.

    Behret’s main problem, though, is a different one: “We get the people faster than the files arrive. I don’t know if the person might have hepatitis, or tuberculosis, or scabies. We don’t have anything except their names, nationalities and dates of birth.”
    In the Bird Park

    There is a birdcage standing on a small blanket in Wilhelm Weidenbach’s living room. The bottom of the cage is lined with newspaper, with the brass-colored lattice rising above it. The door usually stands open. Weidenbach says that he taught his last parrot to sing German folk songs.

    Weidenbach, a 64-year-old retiree, has been in a wheelchair since suffering an accident and is the chairman of the Hassloch Club for the Protection and Care of Domestic and Foreign Birds. Every morning at 9 a.m., he heads over to the Hassloch Bird Park, one of the area’s places of interest.

    Last year, Hassloch was hit by a major storm that left the park in disarray. Together with a local group that helps asylum seekers, Weidenbach organized a day for volunteers to come and help out — and not long later, the municipality got in touch to ask if the asylum applicants would be willing to come by more regularly. The first of them came to the park just over two weeks ago, and they now work there three days a week for four hours at a time. On a recent Friday morning, they were busy with rakes and hoes at the duck enclosure: Ranj Suleiman, a Kurdish man from Iraq; Mohammad Ali Mozaffri from Afghanistan; and Aria Rahimzade from Iran — three of the 72 asylum applicants in Hassloch currently awaiting a ruling on their status.

    Suleiman was a computer technician, Mozaffri wanted to work in old-age care and Rahimzade had his sights set on becoming a hairdresser. All of those professions are in need, but because the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) hasn’t yet decided on whether they can stay or not, it is difficult for them to find real work. So the three of them rake detritus out of the enclosures for 80 cents an hour.

    Weidenbach says they’re doing a good job. Iran? Iraq? People are people, he says. All they have to do is follow the rules and show up on time. And it’s important for them to learn the language and speak German among themselves, he says, though they sometimes have trouble understanding the local dialect he speaks. In the courses they attend, they are learning high German.

    Mozaffri talks about how he got to Germany from Afghanistan three years ago: “Walking. Bicycle. Boat.”

    “Yes, necessity is the mother of invention,” Weidenbach jokes. The men likely would have laughed if they had understood him, but they didn’t. So Weidenbach repeats himself, slower and louder: “Ne-cess-i-ty is the MOTHER of in-ven-tion!”

    Now, the three start laughing, though they still haven’t understood him. No matter, they continue on to the emu enclosure, pushing their wheelbarrows past the parrots. Suleiman makes a face and jokes: “They speak better German than we do.”

    The municipality has bought a flat-roofed structure at the edge of town. Plastic chairs have been set up in the grass outside and there is hardly any natural light inside, with the only window being a skylight. A bit of carpeting hangs over the fence and it is quiet.

    This is where the levity from the aviary comes to an end. Suleiman, Mozaffri and Rahimzade live here, and there is a sign on every door inside covered in pictograms to illustrate all that is forbidden in the hostel: wall clocks, coffee machines, irons, hairdryers, washing machines, vacuums, cameras, telephones and computer monitors.

    The structure is home to around 30 asylum seekers. The metal bed belonging to Mozaffri can be found in the corner of Room 3, where the wall is covered with bits of paper bearing the German words he is currently learning. On the other side of a metal locker is another bed, belonging to a young Iraqi, whose asylum application has been rejected. He says that he grows afraid at night when he hears doors close and that he can’t bear living in the hostel for much longer. Indeed, it seems to be part of the concept to make it as uncomfortable as possible.

    At the end of June, decisions were pending on 43,617 asylum applications. BAMF works through the files, specialized lawyers file grievances, papers are intentionally hidden and replacement documents must be requested from Eritrea, Morocco and the many other countries from which the applicants come.

    The asylum applicants, such as the three that work in the Bird Park, are stuck in limbo. They have made it; they have arrived in Germany. But at the same time, they haven’t yet made it. They haven’t yet “done this.”
    Numbers

    In a survey conducted by BAMF, 44 percent of asylum seekers who participated reported having good or very good knowledge of the German language. Three-quarters of them felt welcome in Germany. But the phrase “we can do this” was primarily focused on the other side. Merkel was referring to the Germans.

    Andreas Rohr is a man knee-deep in statistics. There are no plants in his office and there is likewise little in the way of decoration. Rohr used to work as a treasurer in the town administration and has a business degree. He is a family man with a strong physique and a gray shirt that matches the textured walls around him. In 2015, he was the Hassloch bureaucrat responsible for the refugees, though today his portfolio includes daycare centers, leases and cultural activities. He is able to distill Hassloch’s ability to “do this” into columns of numbers.

    From an administrative point of view, Rohr says, Hassloch has indeed been successful. “In 2016, we spent around 550,000 euros ($630,000) on shelter costs and about 870,000 euros on benefits for the asylum applicants. We were reimbursed for all those costs by the administrative district. But the town was responsible for personnel costs and materials. We only had two part-time positions back then, but now we have four working in that division, and it was five at the peak. A full-time position costs 50,000 euros, so we’re talking about a quarter million per year at that time.”

    https://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/has-germany-done-this-a-look-at-the-refugee-crisis-five-years-later-a-68ebba
    #5_ans_après #2020 #crise_des_réfugiés #Allemagne #réfugiés #asile #migrations #in_retrospect #Merkel #we_can_do_it #wir_schaffen_das #économie

    ping @_kg_ @karine4 @isskein

  • PTDH ? #25 – Fake news, confinement, crise économique : Soral et Jovanovic répondent ! (ERTV)
    https://www.crashdebug.fr/ptdh-25-fake-news-confinement-crise-economique-soral-et-jovanovic-reponde

    Contribuez au financement participatif de la rédaction E&R : https://gestion-er.fr/participatif/?p...

    Pour ce vingt-cinquième épisode de "Pourquoi tant de haine ?", Monsieur K. recevait Alain Soral et Pierre Jovanovic dont les comptes Twitter ont récemment été qualifiés de « super propagateurs de fake news » par NewsGuard (« start-up anti-fake news » financée par le groupe de communication Publicis dont les propriétaires sont Élisabeth Badinter et Arthur Sadoun). L’occasion pour nos deux invités de célébrer ce titre de gloire et de procéder à un large tour d’horizon de l’actualité politique et économique.

    Source : Youtube.com

    information complémentaire (...)

  • EU: Damning draft report on the implementation of the Return Directive

    Tineke Strik, the Green MEP responsible for overseeing the passage through the European Parliament of the ’recast Return Directive’, which governs certain common procedures regarding the detention and expulsion of non-EU nationals, has prepared a report on the implementation of the original 2008 Return Directive. It criticises the Commission’s emphasis, since 2017, on punitive enforcement measures, at the expense of alternatives that have not been fully explored or implemented by the Commission or the member states, despite the 2008 legislation providing for them.

    See: DRAFT REPORT on the implementation of the Return Directive (2019/2208(INI)): https://www.statewatch.org/media/documents/news/2020/jun/ep-libe-returns-directive-implementation-draft-rep-9-6-20.pdf

    From the explanatory statement:

    “This Report, highlighting several gaps in the implementation of the Return Directive, is not intended to substitute the still overdue fully-fledged implementation assessment of the Commission. It calls on Member States to ensure compliance with the Return Directive and on the Commission to ensure timely and proper monitoring and support for its implementation, and to enforce compliance if necessary.

    (...)

    With a view to the dual objective of the Return Directive, notably promoting effective returns and ensuring that returns comply with fundamental rights and procedural safeguards, this Report shows that the Directive allows for and supports effective returns, but that most factors impeding effective return are absent in the current discourse, as the effectiveness is mainly stressed and understood as return rate.”

    Parliamentary procedure page: Implementation report on the Return Directive (European Parliament, link: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?reference=2019/2208(INI)&l=en)

    https://www.statewatch.org/news/2020/june/eu-damning-draft-report-on-the-implementation-of-the-return-directive
    #Directive_Retour #EU #Europe #Union_européenne #asile #migrations #réfugiés #renvois #expulsions #rétention #détention_administrative #évaluation #identification #efficacité #2008_Return_Directive #régimes_parallèles #retour_volontaire #déboutés #sans-papiers #permis_de_résidence #régularisation #proportionnalité #principe_de_proportionnalité #AVR_programmes #AVR #interdiction_d'entrée_sur_le_territoire #externalisation #Gambie #Bangladesh #Turquie #Ethiopie #Afghanistan #Guinée #Côte_d'Ivoire #droits_humains #Tineke_Strik #risque_de_fuite #fuite #accord #réadmission

    –—

    Quelques passages intéressants tirés du rapport:

    The study shows that Member States make use of the possibility offered in Article 2(2)(a) not to apply the Directive in “border cases”, by creating parallel regimes, where procedures falling outside the scope of the Directive offer less safeguards compared to the regular return procedure, for instance no voluntary return term, no suspensive effect of an appeal and less restrictions on the length of detention. This lower level of protection gives serious reasons for concern, as the fact that border situations may remain outside the scope of the Directive also enhances the risks of push backs and refoulement. (...) Your Rapporteur considers that it is key to ensure a proper assessment of the risk of refoulement prior to the issuance of a return decision. This already takes place in Sweden and France. Although unaccompanied minors are rarely returned, most Member States do not officially ban their return. Their being subject to a return procedure adds vulnerability to their situation, due to the lack of safeguards and legal certainty.

    (p.4)
    #frontières #zones_frontalières #push-backs #refoulement

    Sur les #statistiques et #chiffres de #Eurostat:

    According to Eurostat, Member States issued over 490.000 return decisions in 2019, of which 85% were issued by the ten Member States under the current study. These figures are less reliable then they seem, due to the divergent practices. In some Member States, migrants are issued with a return decision more than once, children are not issued a decision separately, and refusals at the border are excluded.

    Statistics on the percentage of departure being voluntary show significant varieties between the Member States: from 96% in Poland to 7% in Spain and Italy. Germany and the Netherlands have reported not being able to collect data of non-assisted voluntary returns, which is remarkable in the light of the information provided by other Member States. According to Frontex, almost half of the departures are voluntary.

    (p.5)

    As Article 7(4) is often applied in an automatic way, and as the voluntary departure period is often insufficient to organise the departure, many returnees are automatically subject to an entry ban. Due to the different interpretations of a risk of absconding, the scope of the mandatory imposition of an entry ban may vary considerably between the countries. The legislation and practice in Belgium, Bulgaria, France, the Netherlands and Sweden provides for an automatic entry ban if the term for voluntary departure was not granted or respected by the returnee and in other cases, the imposition is optional. In Germany, Spain, Italy, Poland and Bulgaria however, legislation or practice provides for an automatic imposition of entry bans in all cases, including cases in which the returnee has left during the voluntary departure period. Also in the Netherlands, migrants with a voluntary departure term can be issued with an entry ban before the term is expired. This raises questions on the purpose and effectiveness of imposing an entry ban, as it can have a discouraging effect if imposed at an early stage. Why leave the territory in time on a voluntary basis if that is not rewarded with the possibility to re-enter? This approach is also at odds with the administrative and non-punitive approach taken in the Directive.

    (p.6)

    National legislation transposing the definition of “risk of absconding” significantly differs, and while several Member States have long lists of criteria which justify finding a risk of absconding (Belgium has 11, France 8, Germany 7, The Netherlands 19), other Member States (Bulgaria, Greece, Poland) do not enumerate the criteria in an exhaustive manner. A broad legal basis for detention allows detention to be imposed in a systematic manner, while individual circumstances are marginally assessed. National practices highlighted in this context also confirm previous studies that most returns take place in the first few weeks and that longer detention hardly has an added value.

    (p.6)

    In its 2016 Communication on establishing a new Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration, the Commission recognised that cooperation with third countries is essential in ensuring effective and sustainable returns. Since the adoption of this Communication, several informal arrangements have been concluded with third countries, including Gambia, Bangladesh, Turkey, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Guinea and Ivory Coast. The Rapporteur regrets that such informal deals are concluded in the complete absence of duly parliamentary scrutiny and democratic and judicial oversight that according to the Treaties the conclusion of formal readmission agreements would warrant.

    (p.7)

    With the informalisation of cooperation with third countries in the field of migration, including with transit countries, also came an increased emphasis on conditionality in terms of return and readmission. The Rapporteur is concerned that funding earmarked for development cooperation is increasingly being redirected away from development and poverty eradication goals.

    (p.7)
    #développement #aide_au_développement #conditionnalité_de_l'aide

    ping @_kg_ @isskein @i_s_ @karine4 @rhoumour

  • The Fourth Overview of Housing Exclusion in Europe 2019

    Since 2015, FEANTSA and the Fondation Abbé Pierre have released a yearly Overview of Housing Exclusion in Europe. These annual reports look at the latest #Eurostat data (EU-SILC) and assess EU countries’ capacity to adequately house their populations.

    The 2020 deadline is approaching for the European Union’s cohesion policy, yet it’s objective – the fight against poverty and social exclusion by 2020 - remains unattainable. With this 4th report on homelessness and housing exclusion, FEANTSA and the Fondation Abbé Pierre ask: what is meant by "European cohesion” when another Europe, deprived of a home or even a shelter, is being left behind? This report explores the state of emergency housing in Europe, in order to attract the attention of all decision-making bodies in Europe on the overcrowding, precariousness and inadequacy our shelter systems are confronted with.

    https://www.feantsa.org/en/report/2019/04/01/the-fourth-overview-of-housing-exclusion-in-europe-2019?bcParent=27

    Pour télécharger le rapport en pdf :
    https://www.feantsa.org/download/rapport_europe_2019_def_web_06659524807198672857.pdf

    #rapport #SDF #sans-abri #sans-abrisme #Europe #FEANTSA #statistiques #chiffres #urgence #mal-logement #Fondation_Abbé_Pierre #2019 #hébergement_d'urgence #inconditionnalité #dortoirs

    ping @karine4 @isskein

    • A Foot In The Door: Experiences of the #Homelessness_Reduction_Act (2020)

      Key findings:

      - Two years into its implementation, the research has found the change in law has significantly expanded access to homelessness assistance particularly for single people.
      - The research findings suggest that this is one of the most substantial changes observed since the introduction of the HRA and that the change in legislation has had a noticeable impact on widening access to single homeless people.
      – Overwhelmingly people reported a more positive experience when first approaching Housing Options for assistance.
      – Seventy-five per cent of people reported they were treated with respect and were able to communicate confidentially with staff.
      - Despite the majority of participants reporting positive experiences there is still clear examples of people having poor assessments.
      – The intention and ambition of the HRA is being constrained by the housing market, welfare system and funding.
      – Whilst there has been a broadly positive experience of initial contact and engagement with Housing Options staff, the research has shown significant barriers and issues with the support on offer and people’s housing outcomes.
      - Overall only 39 per cent of respondents agreed when asked whether the local authority had helped them to resolve their housing issue.
      - A further 31 per cent of participants reported that they had either supported themselves or with the help of family or friends, and 30 per cent reported that their issue was still ongoing.
      - Overall 56 per cent of survey respondents reported a more positive housing situation when asked to compare their current position with the night before they presented at Housing Options.
      – The research found the most common form of intervention offered is information on accessing the private rented sector.
      – Lack of affordable housing both social and PRS means that local authorities are increasingly constrained in the realistic outcomes that they can achieve.

      Pour télécharger le rapport:
      https://www.crisis.org.uk/media/241742/a_foot_in_the_door_2020.pdf

      https://www.crisis.org.uk/ending-homelessness/homelessness-knowledge-hub/services-and-interventions/a-foot-in-the-door-experiences-of-the-homelessness-reduction-act-2020

      #UK #Angleterre

  • [Chroniques Mutantes ] Chroniques Mutantes #257
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-257

    Le feu, la rage, l’orage, une émission queer et féministe en mixité choisie MeufsTransPédésGouines, un mardi par mois à partir de 20h sur radio Pikez.

    Pour cette émission transpédésgouines et féministe du 25 février : PD ? VOUS AVEZ DIT PD ? On commence par un petit historique des mouvements homosexuels occidentaux, on parle des identités pédés et de leurs évolutions.

    Vous pouvez retrouver l’ensemble des liens, sites internets, dont on parle dans cette émission, bientôt, sur le site de Radio Pikez (on a un peu de retard sur la mise en ligne des articles...)

    Les musiques diffusées pendant l’émission :

    Générique de début d’émission : Grâce et Volupté Van Van « Collier de couilles »

    Fœtus Party - Positive Sodomie Crêtes et pâquerettes - HOMO Petra Flurr - Schnell schnell Chant du FHAR chanté par Françoise (...)

    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-257_09370__1.mp3

  • Des banques centrales prêtes à tout : vers la destruction des monnaies
    https://www.crashdebug.fr/des-banques-centrales-pretes-a-tout-vers-la-destruction-des-monnaies

    Je vous passe ce billet de multiples auteurs de chez Lupus, mais tout cela ne fait que confirmer ce que l’on savait, mais au moins on peut mettre des graphiques sur des mots...

    La BCE vient d’offrir 1310 milliards d’euros de prêts LTRO (prêts à long terme), à des taux d’intérêts négatifs à -1%, à 742 banques européennes. Dans ce monde fou, les banques européennes gagnent donc de l’argent en empruntant !

    La dette française, qui avait atteint 66,6% du PIB en 2007 avec le très laxiste Chirac, est passée à 91,6% du PIB avec Sarkozy, puis 99,7% du PIB avec Hollande, pour atteindre 120,9% du PIB, fin 2020, avec Macron, ce qui représentera 39.552 euros par Français, tandis que le taux de chômage dépassera les 12%. La gauche rêveuse croit, comme d’habitude, régler les problèmes avec des mots salvateurs, sans (...)

    #2022

  • #guide des aménagements cyclables merdiques
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2020/06/24/guide-des-amenagements-cyclables-merdiques

    Faire de mauvais aménagements cyclables est quelque chose d’assez facile, pratiqué par de nombreuses communes. Mais, pour réaliser des aménagements cyclables vraiment merdiques, cela ne s’improvise pas et cela requiert Lire la suite...

    #Alternatives_à_la_voiture #Ressources #Vélo #2000 #aménagement #cyclabilité #cyclistes #humour #photos #pistes_cyclables

  • Des banques centrales prêtes à tout : vers la destruction des monnaies
    https://www.crashdebug.fr/international/17382-des-banques-centrales-pretes-a-tout-vers-la-destruction-des-monnaie

    Je vous le passe je n’ai encore tout lu, mais rien de nouveau sauf qu’on s’approche du mur.... Et que l’on peut mettre des graphiques sur des mots...

    La BCE vient d’offrir 1.310 milliards d’euros de prêts LTRO (prêts à long terme), à des taux d’intérêts négatifs à -1 %, à 742 banques européennes. Dans ce monde fou, les banques européennes gagnent donc de l’argent en empruntant !

    La dette française, qui avait atteint 66,6 % du PIB en 2007 avec le très laxiste Chirac, est passée à 91,6 % du PIB avec Sarkozy, puis 99,7 % du PIB avec Hollande, pour atteindre 120,9 % du PIB, fin 2020, avec Macron, ce qui représentera 39.552 euros par Français, tandis que le taux de chômage dépassera les 12 %. La gauche rêveuse croit, comme d’habitude, régler les problèmes avec des mots salvateurs, sans se (...)

    #2022

  • Les chevaliers du devoir
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2020/06/15/les-chevaliers-du-devoir

    La gendarmerie est en charge de la #sécurité_routière. C’est un rude métier, que le gendarme doit accomplir avec une calme sévérité. On croit toujours que les gendarmes sont des Lire la suite...

    #Alternatives_à_la_voiture #Fin_de_l'automobile #Insécurité_routière #Pollution_automobile #Ressources #Vélo #2000 #critique #cyclistes #humour #photos #police #pollution

  • [Chroniques Mutantes ] Chroniques Mutantes #255
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-255

    Après plusieurs semaines d’émissions en direct de Naast Monique, les mutantes sont de retour dans les studios de Radio Panik !

    Au programme : Extraits des discours de la manifestation #Blacklivesmatter du dimanche 7 juin. Séquence oeunologique : L’Amicale de la Pédale Non-chroniques sur ce que font des fées qui se retrouvent dans un parc. Manifeste pour l’abolition de la police, du maintien de l’ordre et du système carcéral Chronique politique du sud de la France Billet : Pas de pride !

    Playlist :

    Tapes - Held the hand (Daniel Johnston cover)

    Martha Da’Ro - STFU

    Danny Denial - White tears, fake queers

    Daisy Mortem - Distance (...)

    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-255_09294__1.mp3

  • DISPOSITIF 2S2C – DÉCLARATION DU CONSEIL NATIONAL DU SYNDEAC

    Les équipes artistiques adhérentes du Syndeac ont été sollicitées par les services de l’Éducation nationale pour participer au dispositif 2S2C (Santé – Sport – Culture – Civisme). Conçu pour se dérouler jusqu’au 4 juillet, ce dispositif, tel qu’il est présenté, entend assurer l’accueil des élèves pendant le temps scolaire par d’autres intervenant·e·s que leurs professeur·e·s en proposant d’encadrer des activités dans les domaines de la santé, du sport, de la culture et du civisme.

    Cette invitation a étonné nos adhérent·e·s dans la mesure où, malgré la réouverture des établissements scolaires, les services de l’Éducation nationale ont stoppé net tous les projets d’éducation artistique et culturelle en raison de l’impossibilité de pénétrer dans les établissements. Nous notons d’ailleurs que cet arrêt unilatéral n’a été à ce jour compensé par aucune indemnisation des équipes malgré les préconisations du ministère de la Culture de rémunérer les artistes.

    Ce nouveau dispositif 2S2C invitant les artistes à intervenir en milieu scolaire arrive dans un très mauvais contexte : fragilisés par la crise sanitaire, les artistes s’interrogent sur l’utilité de se lancer dans une pratique informelle plutôt que d’adapter au protocole sanitaire les projets d’éducation artistique et culturelle initialement prévus, construits et déjà financés, dans une logique de continuité pédagogique pour les enfants... https://www.syndeac.org/dispositif-2s2c-declaration-du-conseil-national-du-syndeac-10014

    #intermittent #Syndeac #culture #art #artiste #éducation #école #2S2C #Éducation_nationale #établissements_scolaires #scolaire #crise #sanitaire#pédagogie #enfants #enseignement #enseignant

    Archive : https://archive.vn/byFEG

  • [Radio PANdemIK] RADIO PANDEMIK #50
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/radio-pandemik/radio-pandemik-50

    Jingle Pandémik [00:50 ] Des nouvelles de Grèce partie 1 par Léa.B [06:51] « Chanson de la plus haute Tour » Colette Magny https://www.discogs.com/fr/Colette-Magny-Melocoton/release/2192118 [08:08] Des nouvelles de Grèce partie 2 par Léa B. (Mixé avec Ignatz « Evidence of the End » puis « Drawn ») https://www.ignatz.be/discography [16:33] Des nouvelles de Grèce partie 3 (rassemblement, du 20 mai) par Léa B. [18:21] « Visa » M.I.A. [21:12] « Glass Organ » son de Madame Patate [21:20] Interview du collectif éco-féministe « Bombres Atomiques » lors de l’action contre la 5G le 6 juin à Bruxelles [35:25] « This is a Man’s Man’s World » Saâda Bonaire https://www.saada-bonaire.de [39:00] Transition « Introduction » Eiko Ishibashi https://eikoishibashi.bandcamp.com [39:10] « Cervo Story #2 » par Marc Prépus (...)

    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/radio-pandemik/radio-pandemik-50_09277__1.mp3