L’Accès à l’Eau en Afrique : vers de nouveaux paradigmes ? – Vulnérabilité, Exclusion, Résiliences et Nouvelles Solidarités
Nearly 40 years after the United Nations Conference on Water in Mar del Plata in 1977, and 20 years after the International Conference on Water and Environment in Dublin in 1992, the “global water management model” has been thoroughly debated. Its three pillars (the Integrated Water Resources Management-IWRM, public-private partnerships and the commodification of water resources) have all shown their limits when applied to African countries where the hydrosocial configurations are very different from those of the northern countries in which they were conceived.
The widely discussed assessment of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals in Africa suggests that a global “alternative » model does not yet exist that might meet the challenges of the management of water on the continent. Yet recent research explores the emergence of new paradigms of water management, sometimes based on old or emerging forms of solidarity, which seem more suited to local hydro-social configurations.
The objective of this conference is to study these new forms of « water policies » and to consider the extent to which they might provide alternative solutions to current problems around water distribution and access.