• HCR - Il faut aider d’urgence les réfugiés et migrants vénézuéliens confrontés aux traumatismes et aux difficultés
    https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/briefing/2020/12/5fd36c37a/aider-durgence-refugies-migrants-venezueliens-confrontes-traumatismes-difficu

    Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, lance une mise en garde sur les niveaux de traumatisme et de désespoir sans précédent parmi les réfugiés et les migrants nouvellement arrivés depuis le Venezuela. Beaucoup d’entre eux arrivent dans des conditions désastreuses au sein des communautés d’accueil durement touchées par la pandémie. Un soutien urgent est nécessaire pour les protéger et leur venir en aide.Comme les frontières sont toujours fermées dans la région, les personnes franchissent les frontières par des points de passage informels où opèrent des groupes armés illégaux ainsi que des réseaux de passeurs et de traite des êtres humains. Selon des évaluations rapides menées sur le terrain, environ 500 à 700 personnes quittent le Venezuela chaque jour et sont exposées à des risques accrus de violence, d’exploitation et de traite des êtres humains. Certaines rapportent avoir subi des vols, des extorsions, des violences et des abus dans les zones de transit et frontalières, au cours de leur périple en quête de sécurité.
    Selon les informations fournies par les employés du HCR sur le terrain, 70% des nouveaux arrivants en Colombie ont fait le voyage à pied, certains avec seulement les vêtements portés ce jour-là. Alors que les conditions au Venezuela continuent à se détériorer, beaucoup arrivent en Colombie affaiblis et en état de malnutrition, ayant fait face à la paupérisation et aux difficultés depuis de nombreux mois.Le personnel du HCR sur le terrain dans les zones frontalières observe une augmentation notable du nombre de femmes, d’hommes et d’enfants qui arrivent seuls et dans un état d’extrême précarité. Parmi eux se trouvent des enfants et des adolescents non accompagnés qui ont quitté leur famille ou en ont été séparés.
    Beaucoup souffrent de traumatisme et de détresse psychologique, et ont un besoin immédiat de protection et d’aide humanitaire, notamment en matière de soins de santé, d’hébergement, de nourriture et de soutien psychosocial. Les enfants non accompagnés et séparés, les personnes handicapées et les populations indigènes ont également besoin de soins spécialisés et de prestations de protection.
    Du fait de la fermeture des frontières, beaucoup sont obligés d’entrer en Colombie et dans d’autres pays d’accueil par des points de passage frontière informels, ce qui rend difficile la régularisation de leur statut. Par conséquent, ils ont un accès limité aux droits fondamentaux et aux services essentiels, et risquent également d’être expulsés, de faire l’objet de la traite des êtres humains, du travail forcé ou de l’exploitation sexuelle. Par crainte d’être détenus ou expulsés, certains réfugiés et migrants hésitent à s’adresser aux organisations humanitaires pour obtenir de l’aide, ainsi qu’aux autorités compétentes.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#venezuela#colombie#paysdetransit#sante#santementale#frontiere#accessante#violence#handicap

  • Les responsables de l’OIM et du HCR soulignent que la COVID-19 met en évidence le besoin urgent d’une couverture sanitaire universelle | Organisation internationale pour les migrations
    https://www.iom.int/fr/news/les-responsables-de-loim-et-du-hcr-soulignent-que-la-covid-19-met-en-evidence-l

    À l’approche de la Journée internationale de la couverture sanitaire universelle, alors que le monde s’efforce d’endiguer la COVID-19, le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, et le Directeur général de l’OIM, António Vitorino, ont souligné que les services de santé doivent être accessibles à tous, y compris aux migrants, aux réfugiés, aux déplacés internes et aux personnes apatrides, si nous voulons bâtir des systèmes solides qui nous protègent tous. Tandis que le monde se prépare à distribuer les vaccins contre la COVID-19, l’OIM et le HCR demandent instamment aux dirigeants mondiaux de saisir cette opportunité et de s’assurer que les réfugiés et les migrants soient inclus dans les plans gouvernementaux d’allocation et de distribution des vaccins et dans les services de santé essentiels. En ces temps de pandémie et au-delà, les deux organisations s’engagent à continuer de renforcer leur collaboration et sont prêtes à soutenir les gouvernements dans leurs efforts visant à faire de la santé pour tous une réalité, au travers d’une couverture sanitaire universelle.« L’accès à la santé est un droit fondamental, mais trop souvent encore, ceux qui en ont le plus besoin - notamment les migrants et les personnes déplacées de force - sont laissés pour compte », a déclaré le Directeur général de l’OIM, António Vitorino. « Si 2020 nous a appris quelque chose, c’est que la mauvaise santé est un problème universel qui ne fait pas de distinction en fonction de la nationalité ; ainsi, pour être réellement efficace, notre couverture sanitaire ne doit pas non plus faire de distinction, y compris dans les efforts à venir de vaccination contre la COVID-19 ».
    Les migrants et les personnes déplacées de force sont souvent confrontés à de mauvaises conditions de vie et de travail, sont victimes de discrimination ou d’exploitation, ou ne bénéficient pas de protection sociale. Pourtant, à ce jour, l’OIM estime que moins d’un pays sur deux (43 %) offre un accès aux services de santé à tous les migrants, quel que soit leur statut juridique. Depuis des décennies, dans plus de 100 pays et en étroite coordination avec l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) et d’autres partenaires, l’OIM œuvre avec les gouvernements et les communautés en vue d’élargir l’accès équitable des migrants à des services de santé de qualité sans charge financière et de faire en sorte que les déplacés internes aient également accès aux services de santé de base.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#refugie#personnedeplacee#sante#accessante#cmu#vaccin#oim#hcr#discrimination#violence#systemesante

  • L’accès aux soins des étrangers en France, méthodiquement raboté par le gouvernement
    https://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2020/11/26/l-acces-aux-soins-des-etrangers-en-france-methodiquement-rabote-par-le-gouve

    Deux régimes cohabitent : les personnes légalement présentes en France, qu’elles soient titulaires d’un titre de séjour ou en attente d’en obtenir un car demandeuses d’asile, sont couvertes, comme tout le monde, par l’assurance-maladie. Les sans-papiers bénéficient, eux, sous conditions de ressources et après trois mois de présence irrégulière en France, de l’aide médicale d’Etat (AME), une couverture dont le panier de soins est réduit.
    Pour les titulaires d’un titre de séjour, la loi de finances entrée en vigueur le 1er janvier 2020 divise par deux la durée du maintien de leur assurance-maladie au-delà de la date d’expiration de ce titre, la faisant passer de douze à six mois. Cette restriction était passée plutôt inaperçue grâce à l’état d’urgence sanitaire décrété le 17 mars et qui a automatiquement prolongé de six mois la durée des titres de séjour devant expirer entre le 12 mars et le 12 juin. C’est maintenant qu’elle commence à frapper : « En pratique, 800 000 personnes sont touchées », estime Delphine Fanget, chargée de plaidoyer de Médecins du monde. « D’autant que les titres de séjour sont, eux aussi, de plus en plus courts et qu’il est très difficile d’obtenir un rendez-vous en préfecture pour leur renouvellement. On organise l’insécurité avec une politique de découragement et d’usure administrative », juge-t-elle.
    Un décret en apparence très technique, daté du 30 octobre, crée un troisième délai d’expiration de l’assurance-maladie, raccourci à deux mois pour les personnes dont le titre de séjour a expiré et qui sont enjointes à quitter le territoire de manière définitive. « Le régime de couverture par l’assurance-maladie devient complexe, illisible pour les professionnels de santé », constate Didier Maille, coordinateur juridique du Comité pour la santé des exilés (Comede).Il n’est plus possible, par exemple, de déposer une demande d’ouverture de droits à l’AME par Internet ou l’entremise d’une association. Le même décret du 30 octobre oblige désormais tout primo-demandeur – excepté s’il est déjà hospitalisé, s’il est mineur ou s’il consulte auprès d’une permanence d’accès aux soins de santé – à se présenter lui-même au guichet de la caisse primaire d’assurance-maladie, une démarche compliquée pour des personnes précaires, à l’hébergement instable. « On crée une usine à non-recours, où les gens qui auraient droit à l’AME ou à l’assurance-maladie sont découragés de la demander, selon Didier Maille. En période de pandémie, ce n’est pas malin de retarder des soins. »
    En outre, le passage de l’assurance-maladie vers l’AME est plus difficile car certains soins dits non urgents ne sont accessibles aux titulaires de l’AME qu’après neuf mois d’affiliation. « Le message est clair : les étrangers ne doivent pas venir se faire soigner en France, résume Didier Maille, et les réformes de l’ex-ministre de la santé, Agnès Buzyn, visent à segmenter les différents droits aux soins, à rebours du souhait de tous les gouvernements précédents de simplifier le système. Cela a aussi un impact sur les hôpitaux et les professionnels de santé, qui auront de plus en plus de mal à se faire
    Les complexités administratives ont pour but affiché de décourager la fraude, l’immigration dite médicale, et de faire des économies. Le coût global de l’AME s’élevait, en 2018, à 904 millions d’euros au bénéfice de 318 106 personnes – dont la moitié en Ile-de-France –, et à 933 millions d’euros en 2019, sans compter les 200 millions d’euros de la couverture maladie des demandeurs d’asile. Selon un rapport de l’inspection générale des affaires sociales (IGAS) d’octobre 2019, chaque dispositif qui referme l’accès à l’AME, en diminuant, par exemple, le panier de soins accessibles, permet certes des économies dans son budget mais fait exploser, ailleurs, la facture des soins urgents, intégralement payés par les hôpitaux avec peu de chances de les voir remboursés par la Sécurité sociale.
    Ainsi, en 2011, avait été créé un droit d’entrée de 30 euros à la charge de tout bénéficiaire de l’AME, ce qui, dès l’année suivante, a certes provoqué une baisse de 2,5 % des dépenses de l’AME elle-même, « plus que compensée, note l’IGAS, par une forte hausse de 33,3 % de la dépense de soins urgents » dont l’accès est gratuit et parce que certaines pathologies s’étaient aggravées entre-temps. Ce droit de timbre a été supprimé dès août 2012, au début du quinquennat de François Hollande. Ainsi, l’AME, outil de santé publique, et son « milliard le plus scruté de la dépense publique », selon les associations d’aide aux étrangers, reste un sujet inflammable du débat politique

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#france#sante#droit#systemesante#politiquemigratoire#etranger#accessante#AME

  • UN agency for Palestine refugees runs out of money as COVID-19 spreads | | UN News
    https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/11/1077332

    “Despite the immense efforts to raise sufficient funds in 2020 to maintain UNRWA’s critical services to 5.7 million Palestinian refugees across the Middle East, as of yesterday November 9, UNRWA has run out of money”, Ms. Alrifai said.“If we do not have additional funding by the end of this month, November, then we will have to enact really disheartening measures that will affect the salaries of our frontline 28,000 UNRWA staff, in the middle of a global health emergency.”The number of refugees who have contracted COVID-19 has jumped from fewer than 200 in July to nearly 17,000 as of this week, she said. The situation partly reflected the situation in the countries the refugees were in, and numbers had risen across the region. UNRWA had put measures in place to slow the spread of the virus, including giving medical consultations by phone, delivering humanitarian assistance to avoid overcrowding at distribution centres, and blending school with remote learning. But respect for lockdown measures had increasingly given way to pressure on people to leave home in search of a daily wag

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#palestien#refugie#camp#confinement#accessante

  • Women at the Forefront of COVID-19 Containment in Cox’s Bazar | The Storyteller
    https://storyteller.iom.int/stories/women-forefront-covid-19-containment-coxs-bazar
    https://storyteller.iom.int/sites/default/files/styles/facebook_graph_/public/drag-n-drop/CBXphoto.png?itok=Rk3lP_oM

    Cox’s Bazar – The unprecedented spread of COVID-19 has not spared the world’s displaced communities. In Cox’s Bazar refugee camps, the largest refugee settlement in the world, women leaders are on the frontline responding to the deadly outbreak’s impact on their communities. In camp settings, misinformation about the disease can spread quickly and hinder women and girls from seeking essential health services. The Women’s Committee – which comprises more than 100 female Rohingya refugee and host community members – is on a mission to change this. As the health crisis persists, they are playing an imperative role in curbing the spread of the disease in their community through educating others about how to stay safe.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#rohingya#camp#coxsbazar#sante#refugie#accessante#sensibilisation

  • Protecting citizens from COVID while granting refugee access, can be done: UNHCR | | UN News
    https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/11/1076892

    Opening a virtual session of UNHCR’s annual Dialogue on Protection challenges, Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Gillian Triggs, warned that “measures restricting access to asylum must not be allowed to become entrenched under the guise of public health”, Instead, she urged States to maintain access for asylum seekers and to safeguard the rights of refugees, together with displaced and Stateless people. Ms. Triggs also spoke of the deep and hard-hitting impact on refugees of the coronavirus, including restrictions impeding access to asylum, spiraling gender-based violence, risks of unsafe returns, and the loss of livelihoods.Participants – consisting of displaced people, non-governmental organizations and Government speakers from Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe – discussed how compassion and initiative could help ensure that asylum claims were considered during the pandemic, and protection services adapted to reach people in need during lockdowns.They also pointed to how the pandemic presented greater challenges for the protection of refugees, internally displaced and Stateless people, maintaining the need for solidarity and greater support. “The pandemic has threatened the social and economic rights of the most vulnerable in society – among them refugees and those forcibly displaced who, all too often, depend on the informal economy”, said the UN official. “They are among the first to suffer the economic impacts of a lockdown”.
    Moreover, UNHCR operations also report increasing incidents of discrimination, stigmatization and xenophobia against refugees and displaced people, “exacerbating tensions with local communities”, he added.
    UNHCR has been advocating for the urgent inclusion of refugees, displaced and Stateless people in the full range of responses to the pandemic, from public health to national social safety nets. “The virus does not distinguish between legal status or nationality”, Ms. Triggs reminded. “Access to health services should not depend on citizenship or restrictive visa conditions”.
    She upheld that “a realistic and practical opportunity for protection” lies in social inclusion and in non-discriminatory access to education, health and employment. To illustrate the difficulties that refugees and internally displaced people face in the context of the pandemic, UNHCR also launched an interactive report called Space, shelter and scarce resources – coping with COVID-19, which highlights how acutely vulnerable displaced populations must contend with the pandemic

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#sante#vulneralibite#systemesante#accessanté#stigmatisation#discrimination#refugie#personnedeplacee#unhcr

  • ‘It’s like they’re waiting for us to die’: why Covid-19 is battering Black Chicagoans | US news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/oct/23/covid-19-battering-black-chicagoans
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/8d0245b3ebc5ce72e1e87416c6b9f253144d615a/0_266_4013_2409/master/4013.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Phillip Thomas, a Black, 48-year-old Chicagoan, was a “great guy” according to his sister Angela McMiller. He was loved by his family and well-liked by his co-workers at Walmart, where he had worked for nine years.
    “I didn’t know about how many friends he had until he passed away,” said Angela. Thomas, who was diabetic, died from Covid-19 this past March.
    After being sick for two weeks and self-quarantining at the recommendation of his doctor, instead of being given an examination, Phillip was then rushed to the hospital, where he died the next day.
    Naba’a Muhammad, 59, a writer and Chicago South Shore neighborhood resident, with a lung disease, also contracted coronavirus and was hospitalized.But while he was fortunate to access the necessary care, he immediately noted health disparities facing other Black Chicagoans in his community.
    “Here you have [Donald Trump] who’s got a helicopter flying him to a special wing of a hospital for help when Black people can’t even get an Uber to the emergency room or a Covid test,” he said, referring to the president’s world-class care at the Walter Reed national military medical center on the outskirts of Washington DC, after being diagnosed with coronavirus in early October.
    Closed Chicago theater in Chicago in March. Almost 1 billion people were confined to their homes worldwide in March as the global coronavirus death toll topped 12,000 and US states rolled out stay-at-home measures already imposed across swathes of Europe.
    In Chicago, Covid-19 is battering Black communities. Despite only accounting for 30% of the city’s population, Black people make up 60% of Covid cases there and have the highest mortality rate out of any racial or ethnic group. Most Chicago Covid-19 deaths are hyper-concentrated in majority-Black neighborhoods such as Austin on the West Side and Englewood and Auburn Gresham on the South Side.
    “The racial and ethnic gaps we’re seeing of who gets the virus and who dies from it are not a surprise,” said Linda Rae Murray, a Chicago doctor, academic, social justice advocate and former president of the American Public Health Association as well as the former chief medical officer of the Cook county department of public health.“They are a reflection of structural racism that exists in our society and inequities that are baked into our country.”
    Chicago is a hyper-segregated city, blighted by yawning divides across many socio-economic conditions.The coronavirus experiences of Black Chicagoans are so starkly different from residents in whiter, wealthier communities it has observers asking: do conditions in majority African American neighborhoods make being Black, effectively, a pre-existing condition there?Muhammad thinks so: “[It] is very true,” he said, adding: “But that truth demands a response. We can’t simply accept that this is going to happen to us.”Many Black neighborhoods in Chicago, as elsewhere in America, experience higher rates of unemployment and poverty while also being less likely to receive pandemic aid, giving them even less of a safety net than usual in a disease outbreak

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#etatsunis#chicago#sante#inegalite#minorite#race#santepublique#accessante#race

  • N.F.L. Team Thrown by False Positive Covid-19 Tests - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/live/2020/10/16/world/covid-coronavirus

    Regardless of race and ethnicity, those aged 65 and older represented the vast majority — 78 percent — of all coronavirus deaths over those four months.The geographic impact of coronavirus deaths shifted from May to August as well, moving from the Northeast to the South and West. And though the virus moved into parts of the country with higher numbers of Hispanic residents, the report’s data showed that alone does not entirely account for the increase in percentage of deaths among Hispanics nationwide.“Covid-19 remains a major public health threat regardless of age or race and ethnicity,” the report states. It attributes an increased risk among racial and ethnic groups who might be more likely to live in places where the coronavirus is more easily spread, such as multigenerational and multifamily households, as well as hold jobs requiring in-person work, have more limited access to health care and who experience discrimination.
    In July, federal data made available after The New York Times sued the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed a clearer and more complete picture of the racial inequalities of the virus: Black and Latino people have been disproportionately affected by the coronavirus in a widespread manner that spans the country, throughout hundreds of counties in urban, suburban and rural areas, and across all age groups.

    #covid-19#migration#migrant#etatsunis#sante#inegalite#minorite#race#ethnicité#discrimnation#accessante

  • Coronavirus kills far more Hispanic and Black children than White youths, CDC study finds - The Washington Post
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/09/15/covid-deaths-hispanic-black-children

    The coronavirus is killing Hispanic, Black and American Indian children at much higher numbers than their White peers, according to federal statistics released Tuesday.
    The numbers — the most comprehensive U.S. accounting to date of pediatric infections and fatalities — show there have been 391,814 known cases and 121 deaths among people under the age of 21 from February to July.Of those killed by covid-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus, more than 75 percent have been Hispanic, Black and American Indian children, even though they represent 41 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The federal agency collected data from health departments throughout the country.The disproportionate deaths among youths echo pandemic disparities well-documented among adults. Previous studies have found the virus’s death toll is twice as high among people of color under age 65 as for White Americans. People of color also disproportionately make up “excess deaths” — those killed by the virus without being diagnosed or those killed indirectly by the virus’s wide effects on the health-care system. The racial disparities among children are in some ways even more stark. Of the children and teens killed, 45 percent were Hispanic, 29 Black and 4 percent American Indian. “This is the strongest evidence yet that there are deep racial disparities in children just like there are in adults,” said John Williams, chief of pediatric infectious diseases at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. “What that should mean for people is steps like wearing a mask are not just about protecting your family and yourself. It is about racial equity.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#etatsunis#sante#minorité#inegalite#accessante#race#surmortalite

  • Virus refugees fleeing Myanmar for Thailand - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2020/09/virus-refugees-fleeing-myanmar-for-thailand

    CHIANG MAI – Thailand’s security forces on the Myanmar border are on high alert to prevent an influx of a new breed of migrants which if some reports are accurate may turn into a flood: health refugees fleeing a surge of Covid-19 infections.Thai authorities are reportedly on the lookout for a large but unspecified number of Myanmar people trying to cross the border. Rather than looking for work, as in the recent past, the new wave of Myanmar migrants are seeking to escape a seemingly uncontrolled outbreak of Covid-19 infections in their country.“They know Thailand has medical facilities where they could get help if they are infected or, if they are not, just seek shelter from what appears to be a wave of infections in Myanmar, a country with grossly inadequate health services for the general public,” said a source who has just returned from the border.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#myanmar#refugie#sante#politique#accessanté

  • No new normal for Asia’s virally unwanted migrants - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2020/09/no-new-normal-for-asias-virally-unwanted-migrants

    The pandemic-induced economic crisis has hit Southeast Asia especially hard, with most regional economies expected to record negative growth and record recessions in 2020.But while analysts weigh which industries will be harder than others, often overlooked is the impact on the region’s migrants, the hidden labor that fuels the usually dynamic region’s growth.Some 9.9 million Southeast Asians worked outside of their home countries in the region in 2016, according to World Economic Forum data.Those footloose workers, including from the Philippines, Indonesia and Myanmar, send home remittances that boost household incomes and fuel consumption in their home economies.In 2019, Philippine migrant remittances hit $25.6 billion, accounting for 9.3% of gross domestic product (GDP). Remittances were worth US$77 billion in Southeast Asia last year. The World Bank reckons that global remittances will fall by at least one-fifth this year.
    But the pandemic has sent many migrants home without work or incomes. Others have remained abroad trying to eke out a living while waiting so far vainly for a post-pandemic recovery, according to monitoring groups and reports. Civil society organizations say migrants stuck abroad receive few government rescue handouts, while those who returned home often live under crippling debt while fighting for payments owed by their overseas employers. Migrant worker rights groups in Singapore have protested over draconian laws, including emergency government rules that allow employers to severely restrict the free movement of migrant workers, including by not allowing employees to leave dormitories without permission. Malaysia has likewise come under fire for rounding up foreign migrants as part of its coronavirus containment measures. When Al Jazeera reported on alleged abuses of the migrant community, authorities lodged sedition charges against its reporters and refused to renew the Australian nationals’ visas.An International Labor Organization survey in July of returning Cambodian migrants from Thailand found a quarter went home because of coronavirus fears. But while more than two-thirds of respondents said they wanted to re-migrate, almost all saying they would do so after the pandemic is over, only 3% said they would return abroad that month. It’s not clear that they did, though, as Thailand keeps its borders closed to prevent a new viral wave.The prolonged health crisis is already raising questions about whether migration will return to normal when the pandemic eventually ends, whenever that may be. In lte July, Thai authorities said that some migrants could return because of demand in some low-paying sectors, but limited the number to around 100,000. But with reports of a surging Covid outbreak in Myanmar, Thai authorities are now closely guarding the border to block a wave of so-called “health refugees.” On the one hand, it isn’t difficult to imagine less migration and opportunities for migrants in the coming months and years as the global and regional economy stagger back to health. One issue will be unemployment, now at almost historic rates across the region, especially in the informal sectors where most migrant workers are employed.
    While it’s unlikely that Singaporeans will want to compete for the low-paying manual jobs typically occupied by migrant workers, some suggest unemployed Thais may vie for the same jobs traditionally done by Cambodian or Myanmar migrants. Migrants are gathered outside their residences by health workers and police officers before they undergo
    Another issue is how people view migrants as racial prejudices surge across the region amid perceptions foreign migrants carry the virus more than locals.“Migrant workers are already facing discrimination in their destination countries and when they return home as suspected virus carriers,” says Guna Subramaniam, who leads Institute for Human Rights and Business’ Migrant Workers programme in Southeast Asia. “They may continue to experience such discrimination in the future.” The Cambodian government is using the pandemic to revamp its immigration laws, while Vietnam’s communist government has ramped up its people-trafficking crackdowns, in part because Hanoi says that undocumented arrivals can be “super-spreaders.” There’s also the case of whether migrant workers, despite their traditionally low wages, will be too expensive to hire as employers are compelled to deploy new health safety standards by regional governments.
    When the Thai government last month said it would allow more than 100,000 migrant workers to return, it conditioned their entry on meeting arduous requirements. All returning migrants would need to show medical certificates, which are prohibitively expensive and difficult to obtain in their home nations.Returnees were also told they needed to quarantine for two weeks at state centers, which according to several reports costs at least 20,000 baht ($640), a prohibitive amount for most migrants. Reports suggest that more scrupulous employers are paying these fees upfront but then deducting the costs from the wages of migrant workers. Employers have also been told they need to pay for new safety measures at workplaces.Then there’s fear of another wave of the virus, which, if it leads to similar lockdown measures and border closures as the first, would leave returned migrants and employers in the same situation they found themselves in March, only with the additional financial outlay already spent.

    #covid-19#migrant#migration#asie#sante#sigmatisation#retour#transfert#accessante#supercontaminateur#economie#politiquemigratoire

  • Une étude de l’OIM met en lumière l’impact de la COVID-19 sur la population migrante en Amérique centrale et au Mexique | Organisation internationale pour les migrations
    https://www.iom.int/fr/news/une-etude-de-loim-met-en-lumiere-limpact-de-la-covid-19-sur-la-population-migra

    Près de 60 pour cent des personnes ayant l’intention de migrer ont décidé de reporter ou d’annuler leurs projets en raison de la pandémie. Plus de 20 pour cent des migrants existants envisagent de retourner dans leur pays d’origine dès que leur situation économique ou les mesures sanitaires adoptées par leur pays le leur permettront. Environ la moitié des migrants en Amérique centrale et au Mexique ont perdu leur emploi en raison de la pandémie. Ce sont là quelques-unes des conclusions mises en lumière cette semaine dans une étude menée par l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM). Plus de 1 600 personnes ont participé à cette étude organisée par l’OIM, qui a été lancée en juin pour mesurer et comprendre l’impact de la pandémie sur les intentions de migration. L’étude a également porté sur la situation socioéconomique, la santé physique et mentale et les facteurs de risque auxquels sont confrontés les migrants de la région.Alors que plus de la moitié des migrants ayant participé au sondage ont effectivement perdu leur emploi en raison de la pandémie, seuls 20 pour cent des migrants environ travaillent actuellement, ce qui suggère qu’un tiers de tous les migrants de la région ne parviennent pas à trouver un emploi pendant leur séjour. Dans le même temps, quatre migrants sur dix ayant un emploi ont vu leurs heures de travail ou leur salaire réduits. Près de la moitié (48 pour cent) des participants ont indiqué que leurs salaires et revenus ont diminué en raison de la COVID-19. Concernant l’accès à la santé, presque tous les migrants ont déclaré qu’ils se conformaient aux mesures préventives de santé contre la COVID-19. Moins de 10 pour cent d’entre eux soupçonnent d’avoir contracté la maladie à un moment donné, mais seulement un tiers environ de ces derniers ont eu recours aux services de santé. Cette constatation renforce l’importance de garantir aux migrants l’accès aux services de santé.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#ameriquelatine#sante#economie#accessante#chomage#santementale#vulnerabilite

  • Coronavirus: Canada to offer residency to asylum seekers on pandemic front lines | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/world/united-states-canada/article/3097485/coronavirus-canada-offer-residency-asylum-seekers

    Canada is to offer permanent residency to asylum seekers who put themselves at risk to care for coronavirus patients, Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino said on Friday. They will be able to apply for residency for themselves and their families if they had submitted their application by March 2020, even if their demand had already been rejected. The measure will apply to asylum seekers who have helped directly care for the sick in a health clinic, a nursing home or a household, Mendicino told a news conference.“As these individuals face an uncertain future in Canada, the current circumstances merit exceptional measures, in recognition of their exceptional service during the pandemic,” Mendicino said

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#canada#demandeurdasile#accessante#sante

  • 1,200 Missing Migrants Recorded Thus Far in 2020 May Well Undercount Totals Since Covid-19 Outbreak | International Organization for Migration
    https://www.iom.int/news/1200-missing-migrants-recorded-thus-far-2020-may-well-undercount-totals-covid-1

    Despite the mobility restrictions put in place in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak, over 1,200 migrants lost their lives during migration in the first half of 2020, according to data from IOM’s IOM’s Missing Migrants Project.
    Responses to COVID-19, including border closures and other measures, have increased the risks of migratory journeys by pushing people into more perilous and deadly situations where humanitarian support and rescue is increasingly unavailable. Many migrants have been stranded due to border closures and are unable to reach safety. They lack access to health services. The difficulty of social distancing for migrants in transit and destination countries may also mean that people trying to migrate irregularly during this time are at a higher risk of contracting the virus. Yet data collection on deaths and disappearances during migration are increasingly difficult amid the pandemic. Therefore, the 1,200 figure above does not include what IOM estimates are many more deaths linked to COVID-19 cases among migrant workers due to mobility restrictions and lockdowns. “The lack of focus on migration-related issues means that the true number of migrant deaths is likely much higher,” said Frank Laczko, director of IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). “The fact that these numbers do not include deaths of foreign workers due to COVID-19 – which few countries currently publish – makes it difficult to know the true impact of the pandemic on migrants.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#mortalité#statistique#travailleurmigrant#confinement#accessante#sante#frontiere

  • Pacific Islanders in US hospitalised with Covid-19 at up to 10 times the rate of other groups | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/27/system-is-so-broken-covid-19-devastates-pacific-islander-communities-in
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/125164888c486de65c17643ba967ea56d38237f9/0_128_4142_2487/master/4142.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Health authorities argue that there are a number of factors driving up Pacific islander infection and hospitalisation rates. These factors include that islanders tend to live in large family groups and close-knit communities and have higher rates of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, which can complicate Covid-19. Experts say islanders are also more likely than others to be un- or under-insured, or excluded from Medicaid because of their immigration status, and are more likely to perform frontline essential work, such as serving in the military or working in the security and service industries, which increases their risk of exposure to Covid-19.
    Dr Nia Aitaoto, from the Pacific Islands Center of Primary Care Excellence, said cultural practices also contributed.“We live in large families, if one family gets infected they can pass to another. And we celebrate and gather, that’s just our nature and that does not help,” Aitaoto, a member of the center’s Pacific islander Covid-19 response team, said.

    #Covid-19#migration#migrant#etatsunis#ilepacifique#sante#minorité#inégalité#travailleurmigrant#accessante

  • ENTRETIEN AVEC… Aboubakry Ngaïdé, député Afrique centrale, sur le rapatriement : « Des gens qui attendent 50 000 F ne peuvent se payer un billet d’avion » | Lequotidien Journal d’informations Générales
    https://www.lequotidien.sn/entretien-avec-aboubakry-ngaide-depute-afrique-centrale-sur-le-rapatriem

    C’est dans ce contexte, justement, que nos compatriotes qui sont majoritairement des commerçants dans ces pays sont restés pendant deux à trois mois sans travailler. Naturellement, à force de consommer sans avoir des rentrées d’argent, on ne peut tenir longtemps. C’est ce qui leur est arrivé puisqu’ils ont épuisé leurs économies, s’il leur en restait encore. C’est une situation très difficile et je peux vous dire qu’il y en a qui souffraient d’autres maladies avant le Covid-19 et qui voulaient rentrer au Sénégal.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#sante#afriquecentrale#senegal#sante#economie#rapatriement#commercant#accessante