• Amazon’s #fba or Self-Fulfilment: Which one’s right for your business?
    https://hackernoon.com/amazons-fba-or-self-fulfilment-which-one-s-right-for-your-business-f4f8a

    Let me tell you a story, a story of two friends Jim and Kim who challenged each other to start their own business individually of selling ‘Laptops’ online.Both Jim and Kim had done their thorough research on ways to sell, where the market reaches more, how to manage their inventory, shipping partners, suppliers etc.So after all this research, as Kim’s family members were into online business, they suggested him to create and start selling on his own’s e-commerce website. Whereas on the other hand, Jim had a little or no idea about how to sell online, so instead of getting along with own online storefront, he was suggested to sell on a marketplace like Amazon.Now, here comes into the picture Amazon’s FBA (Fulfillment by Amazon) and Self-Fulfilment. Jim decided to start his business by (...)

    #self-fulfillment #fba-vs-self-fulfillment #amazon-fba #fulfillment-by-amazon


  • Micmac autour d’une taxe sur les Gafa
    https://www.alternatives-economiques.fr/micmac-autour-dune-taxe-gafa/00087186

    Hier à Bruxelles, les ministres européens des Finances se sont entendus sur l’instauration, a minima, d’une taxe européenne sur les profits des Gafa prônée par la France. Sa portée serait réduite et elle n’entrerait en vigueur qu’en 2021. La proposition ne fait pas l’unanimité et le cadre le plus pertinent se situe plutôt au niveau mondial. Apple en Irlande, Amazon au Luxembourg, Google aux Bermudes... L’utilisation agressive des paradis fiscaux par les géants du numérique provoque aujourd’hui un retour (...)

    #Apple #Google #Amazon #bénéfices #taxation #GAFAM #CJUE


  • Bouc-Bel-Air : les “gilets jaunes” sont venus soutenir les salariés d’Amazon en grève

    Il y a actuellement 60.000 colis en attente dans cet entrepôt. Ironie de cette histoire, Amazon vend aussi des « gilets jaunes » et comme rien n’arrête ce géant du commerce en ligne, le prix du « gilets jaunes » vendu sur Amazon a augmenté de 22% entre le 1er et le 30 novembre.

    https://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr/provence-alpes-cote-d-azur/bouches-du-rhone/aix-en-provence/bouc-bel-air-gilets-jaunes-sont-venus-soutenir-salaries

    #giletsjaunes #gilets_jaunes #amazon #grève #commerce_en_ligne #GAFA

    déniché par @colporteur sur Twitter et republié par Albertine sur FB....


  • How to Figure Out #aws Pricing for a Mobile Application
    https://hackernoon.com/how-to-figure-out-aws-pricing-for-a-mobile-application-7fcfc91170ad?sour

    There are lots of reasons why businesses choose Amazon Web Services cloud for their apps. Companies get storage, analytics, computing, and many other services using one global platform. AWS is taking good care of its clients, lowering tech costs and speeding up the development process. What else can a company owner ask for? You must be thinking about transparent pricing options at the moment.In this article, we’re reviewing AWS features specifically for mobile applications, their pricing, and free trial options. And finally, we’re going to figure out what an AWS calculator is and how it can help you in your work.Benefits of Using AWS for Your Mobile ApplicationDespite the complexity of AWS pricing system, we have to mention its three most important benefits that can help your business  (...)

    #mobile-app-development #amazon-web-services #aws-lambda


  • Le prix des gilets jaunes grimpe sur Amazon Le Figaro.fr - 4 Décembre 2018
    http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2018/12/04/97002-20181204FILWWW00088-sur-amazon-le-prix-des-gilets-jaunes-en-forte-hau

    Porté par une demande accrue ainsi que par la conjoncture, le prix des gilets jaunes a fortement augmenté sur Amazon, principale plateforme de vente en ligne dans le monde : c’est la conclusion d’une étude menée par BFMTV à l’aide du logiciel Keepa, qui permet d’observer l’évolution des prix d’un produit sur le géant du commerce en ligne.

    Entre le 1er et le 30 novembre 2018, les tarifs ont ainsi augmenté en moyenne de 22%, avec de fortes disparités, les gilets Lumiereholic passant de 7,99 euros à 8,59 euros, soit une hausse de 7%, contre 5% d’augmentation pour les gilets Femor. Ces progressions restent toutefois modérées, comparées à d’autres : le gilet Marque blanche a ainsi vu son prix augmenter de près de 50%, passant de 3,99 euros à 5,90 euros en un mois.

    Cette évolution des prix peut notamment s’expliquer, selon BFMTV, par le modèle de « tarification dynamique » d’Amazon, qui fait évoluer les prix des produits en fonction de la demande.

    #amazon #GiletsJaunes #capitalisme


  • New Yorkers won’t give up the fight to stop Amazon colonising our city
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/30/new-yorkers-wont-give-up-the-fight-to-stop-amazon-colonising-our-city

    Why is Jeff Bezos getting subsidies for his new HQ when one in 10 public school children is homeless and the transit system is crumbling ? I have come up with a cunning way to save money on my taxes. This year, I will simply tell New York’s tax authorities they should consider it a privilege to have me in the state – one they should jolly well pay for. After all, if I hadn’t moved to New York, they wouldn’t be getting a dime out of me. My decision to base my personal headquarters in NYC and (...)

    #Amazon #domination #urbanisme



  • The future of Amazon Echo and Google Home looks bleak
    https://www.zdnet.com/article/the-future-of-amazon-echo-and-google-home-looks-bleak

    Just how intrusive will smart speakers become ? A haunting new video tries to imagine their role in our future lives. It isn’t pretty. We tend to follow a well-worn path with new technology. First, we’re enchanted by it. Then, we’re owned by it. Only after an appreciable while do we stop and think — or scream : “What the hell am I doing ?!” When it comes to smart speakers like Amazon Echo or Google Home, we’re probably still in the first phase. Also : Robotics in business : Everything humans (...)

    #Google #Amazon #algorithme #Echo #Home #domotique #écoutes #famille #surveillance (...)

    ##profiling


  • L’avenir d’Amazon Echo et de Google Home s’annonce effrayant
    https://www.zdnet.fr/actualites/l-avenir-d-amazon-echo-et-de-google-home-s-annonce-effrayant-39877403.htm#xtor

    A quel point les enceintes intelligentes deviendront-elles intrusives ? Une nouvelle vidéo troublante tente d’imaginer leur rôle dans nos vies futures. Indice : ce n’est pas radieux. Nous avons tendance à suivre un chemin bien tracé en ce qui concerne les nouvelles technologies. Premièrement, nous sommes conquis par elles. Ensuite, nous en devenons dépendants. Ce n’est qu’après qu’un temps non négligeable se soit écoulé que nous réalisons - ou crions : « Que diable suis-je en train de faire ? » L1ZY, (...)

    #Google #Amazon #algorithme #Echo #Home #domotique #famille #surveillance #écoutes (...)

    ##profiling


  • Amazon and UPS Stay Silent as Other Corporate Donors Renounce Support for Racist Mississippi Senate Campaign
    https://theintercept.com/2018/11/27/mississippi-runoff-cindy-hyde-smith-comments

    Google, Facebook, and other companies have asked to take back their contributions to Mississippi Republican senatorial candidate Cindy Hyde-Smith in the wake of growing controversy over her celebration of Confederate history, comments about a “public hanging,” and other newly surfaced incidents and information. But more than a dozen other high-profile public companies, including UPS, have yet to publicly withdraw their financial support. Earlier this month, Hyde-Smith made headlines when she (...)

    #Google #UPS #Amazon #Facebook #élections #discrimination #lobbying


  • RGPD : 45 000 Européens ont rejoint un recours collectif contre les géants du web
    https://www.numerama.com/politique/442653-rgpd-45-000-europeens-ont-rejoint-un-recours-collectif-contre-les-g

    Le bilan des six mois du RGPD a été fait par la CNIL. L’autorité de protection des données est notamment revenue sur les trois recours collectifs visant les géants du net. Le Règlement général sur la protection des données (RGPD), un texte européen entré en application le 25 mai 2018, a donné de nouveaux moyens d’action aux particuliers pour faire valoir leurs droits. De toute évidence, nombre d’entre eux ne se privent pas pour exiger des entreprises qu’elles se montrent plus vertueuses dans la collecte (...)

    #Acxiom #Apple #Criteo #Equifax #Experian #Google #Oracle #Quantcast #Microsoft #Amazon #Facebook #LinkedIn #données #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##procès ##publicité ##CNIL ##LaQuadratureduNet ##PrivacyInternational ##Tapad ##NOYB
    //c0.lestechnophiles.com/www.numerama.com/content/uploads/2018/06/rgpd.jpg


  • 15 m3 de déchets électroniques déversés devant le siège d’Amazon
    https://mrmondialisation.org/15-m3-de-dechets-electroniques-deverses-devant-le-siege-damazon

    Pour « dénoncer la violation des obligations légales d’Amazon quant à la garantie légale et la reprise des déchets par la multinationale », plusieurs dizaines de militants se sont réunis à l’occasion du « black friday » pour déposer des déchets électriques et électroniques devant Amazon. Coordonnée par Les Amis de la Terre et ANV COP21, l’action vise à dénoncer la surconsommation et les stratégies mises en place par la multinationale pour pousser les clients à acheter toujours plus sans option pour le (...)

    #Amazon #travail


  • Doing Black Friday the Right Way
    https://hackernoon.com/doing-black-friday-the-right-way-246edbcf1f42?source=rss----3a8144eabfe3

    The following might be blatant self-promotion. Or it might help you save even more while #shopping consciously on Black Friday. I guess, it’s part of both.Shopping the right way from GiphyToday is Black Friday. That “holiday” specifically created to celebrate materialism and consumerism. Let’s try to do it the right way:Only buy what you really needDon’t buy for buying’s sake. There’s enough trash in the world already. Think about — or even sleep over (but then, Black Friday might be over) — the question of whether you really need it. Frugal and minimalist ideas are good for you. If you have figured out that you really need it, then go for it — after checking if buying second hand is an option, of course. Buying on Black Friday might make sense — if it truly is a good deal.Don’t fall for alleged dealsThe (...)

    #doing-black-friday #black-friday #amazon #ecommerce


  • Amazon hit with major data breach days before Black Friday
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/21/amazon-hit-with-major-data-breach-days-before-black-friday

    Customers’ names and email addresses posted on website, tech giant confirms Amazon has suffered a major data breach that caused customer names and email addresses to be disclosed on its website, just two days ahead of Black Friday. The e-commerce giant said it has emailed affected customers but refused to give any more details on how many people were affected or where they are based. The firm said the issue was not a breach of its website or any of its systems, but a technical issue that (...)

    #Amazon #données #hacking #ICO-UK


  • Facebook accepte de payer 100 millions d’euros d’arriérés d’impôts en Italie
    https://www.nextinpact.com/brief/facebook-accepte-de-payer-100-millions-d-euros-d-arrieres-d-impots-en-it

    La branche italienne du réseau social a passé un accord avec le fisc pour des arriérés d’impôts entre 2010 et 2016, annonce la Garde des finances. Des accords similaires ont déjà été passés avec Amazon (100 millions d’euros), Apple (300 millions d’euros) et Google (306 millions d’euros). Pour ce dernier, il s’agissait d’un contentieux sur des bénéfices faits en Italie mais déclarés en Irlande entre 2009 et 2013. L’Union européenne envisage toujours une taxe communautaire de 3 % sur le chiffre d’affaires de (...)

    #Apple #Google #Amazon #Facebook #taxation


  • Amazon : communication confuse pour une fuite de données liée à une erreur technique
    https://www.numerama.com/politique/441778-amazon-technique-erreur-technique.html

    Plusieurs clients d’Amazon ont reçu un bref e-mail pour leur annoncer que leur nom et adresse électronique ont été divulgués par erreur, sans plus de précision. Depuis le 21 novembre 2018, de nombreux clients d’Amazon à travers le monde reçoivent un e-mail indiquant que leur nom et adresse e-mail ont été divulgués par le site d’Amazon. Sans plus d’information. Le verre à moitié plein d’Amazon Amazon se raccroche à deux précisions dans sa communication de crise. Premièrement, l’entreprise insiste pour (...)

    #Amazon #données #hacking

    //c0.lestechnophiles.com/www.numerama.com/content/uploads/2018/04/amazon-prime-e1542189809479.jpeg


  • Our new column from inside Amazon : ’They treat us as disposable’
    https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/nov/21/our-new-column-from-inside-amazon-they-treat-us-as-disposable

    In The Amazon Diaries, our anonymous insider takes us behind the scenes at an Amazon fulfillment center where workers are ‘an extension of the machine’ Welcome Amazonians. It is always Day 1. Are you ready to make a difference ? It was my first day as a seasonal Amazon worker, hired just prior to peak season. Our site operations manager was like many Amazon managers : an ex-military white male, in his late 40s and wearing straight-fit jeans and a T-shirt with “Amazon Military” emblazoned on (...)

    #Amazon #algorithme #capteur #travail #travailleurs #harcèlement #discrimination


  • Sécurité, vie privée : peut-on faire confiance aux enceintes connectées ?
    https://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2018/06/19/securite-vie-privee-peut-on-faire-confiance-aux-enceintes-connectees_5317458

    Trois modèles se partagent le marché français depuis le 18 juin et l’arrivée de l’Homepod d’Apple. Leur utilisation peut être risquée pour les données. Faut-il craindre d’installer au milieu du salon un micro relié à Internet et écoutant en permanenceles conversations alentour ? C’est, en substance, la question à laquelle il faudra répondre avant de se laisser tenter par une enceinte connectée. Trois principaux modèles se disputent désormais le marché français, après l’arrivée de l’Homepod d’Apple, lundi 18 (...)

    #Apple #Google #Amazon #algorithme #Alexa #Echo #HomePod #domotique #Home #écoutes #publicité (...)

    ##publicité ##surveillance


  • Une enceinte connectée a-t-elle été « témoin » d’un meurtre aux Etats-Unis ?
    https://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2018/11/19/une-enceinte-connectee-d-amazon-a-t-elle-ete-temoin-d-un-double-meurtre-aux-

    Les enregistrements des enceintes connectées, de plus en plus présentes dans les foyers, peuvent détenir des informations qui intéressent la justice. Une enceinte connectée peut-elle détenir des informations clés sur un meurtre ? C’est ce que semble croire la justice américaine. Vendredi 9 novembre, un juge du New Hampshire a demandé à Amazon de lui fournir les données d’une enceinte Echo, posée dans la cuisine d’une maison de Farmington où a eu lieu un double meurtre en 2017, rapporte l’agence (...)

    #Amazon #Alexa #domotique #famille #surveillance

    • Ce meurtre est plus précisément un double féminicide.

      L’arrivé de ces enceintes connectées permettra peut etre d’incriminé certains assassins une fois qu’ils aurons assassiné leurs conjointes ou ex-conjointe et enfants (ce qui servira à leur promotion cf la cyberprotection ), mais ca sera surtout un outil de plus dont dispose les hommes pour contrôler les femmes - les parents pour contrôler les enfants - les patron·nes pour contrôler les employé·es....

      https://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2018/11/19/une-enceinte-connectee-d-amazon-a-t-elle-ete-temoin-d-un-double-meurtre-aux-

      Une étude rappelle que les violences conjugales s’accompagnent quasi systématiquement de cyberviolences

      Recevoir une avalanche de messages menaçants sur WhatsApp. Être pistée par un logiciel espion installé sur son téléphone. Devoir fournir le mot de passe de sa boîte e-mail… Voilà quelques-unes des épreuves que doivent régulièrement traverser les victimes de violences conjugales et qu’a identifiées le Centre Hubertine-Auclert, (centre francilien pour l’égalité femmes-hommes), dans un rapport publié mardi 20 novembre.

      Le texte se nourrit de deux salves de questionnaires soumis à des femmes victimes de violences. Le premier, adressé à des femmes se rendant pour la première fois dans des associations spécialisées pour chercher de l’aide, a reçu 212 réponses. Le second, plus approfondi, a été soumis à 90 femmes suivies sur le long terme par des associations.

      S’il ne prétend pas déboucher sur une représentativité statistique, ce rapport n’en est pas moins le premier travail de recherche consacré en France au pendant numérique des violences conjugales, une composante à part entière de ce phénomène longtemps passée sous le radar des chercheurs et des autorités.
      Cinq formes de violences conjugales numériques

      Les violences conjugales s’accompagnent pourtant quasi systématiquement de « cyberviolences ». Sur les 212 femmes interrogées lors de la première salve de questions, 85 % d’entre elles se disent victimes d’une forme au moins des cinq types de violences numériques identifiées par l’association.

      Sur les 212 femmes, 73 % d’entre elles ont expliqué être victimes de « cybercontrôle », soit l’obligation faite par le conjoint violent de pouvoir la joindre à tout instant, de lire ses messages ou de consulter ses appels. 63 % ont dit avoir fait l’objet de « cyberharcèlement »

      #paywall


  • The charge of the chatbots : how do you tell who’s human online ?
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/18/how-can-you-tell-who-is-human-online-chatbots

    Automated ‘voices’ that were supposed to do mundane tasks online also now spread hate speech and polarise opinion. Are they a boon or a threat ? Alan Turing’s famous test of whether machines could fool us into believing they were human – “the imitation game” – has become a mundane, daily question for all of us. We are surrounded by machine voices, and think nothing of conversing with them – though each time I hear my car tell me where to turn left I am reminded of my grandmother, who having (...)

    #Apple #Google #Amazon #Twitter #algorithme #Alexa #domotique #Home #robotique #bot #socialbots #manipulation #SocialNetwork (...)

    ##voix


  • Cheap Words | The New Yorker
    https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/02/17/cheap-words

    Amazon is a global superstore, like Walmart. It’s also a hardware manufacturer, like Apple, and a utility, like Con Edison, and a video distributor, like Netflix, and a book publisher, like Random House, and a production studio, like Paramount, and a literary magazine, like The Paris Review, and a grocery deliverer, like FreshDirect, and someday it might be a package service, like U.P.S. Its founder and chief executive, Jeff Bezos, also owns a major newspaper, the Washington Post. All these streams and tributaries make Amazon something radically new in the history of American business.

    Recently, Amazon even started creating its own “content”—publishing books. The results have been decidedly mixed. A monopoly is dangerous because it concentrates so much economic power, but in the book business the prospect of a single owner of both the means of production and the modes of distribution is especially worrisome: it would give Amazon more control over the exchange of ideas than any company in U.S. history. Even in the iPhone age, books remain central to American intellectual life, and perhaps to democracy. And so the big question is not just whether Amazon is bad for the book industry; it’s whether Amazon is bad for books.

    According to Marcus, Amazon executives considered publishing people “antediluvian losers with rotary phones and inventory systems designed in 1968 and warehouses full of crap.” Publishers kept no data on customers, making their bets on books a matter of instinct rather than metrics. They were full of inefficiences, starting with overpriced Manhattan offices. There was “a general feeling that the New York publishing business was just this cloistered, Gilded Age antique just barely getting by in a sort of Colonial Williamsburg of commerce, but when Amazon waded into this they would show publishing how it was done.”

    During the 1999 holiday season, Amazon tried publishing books, leasing the rights to a defunct imprint called Weathervane and putting out a few titles. “These were not incipient best-sellers,” Marcus writes. “They were creatures from the black lagoon of the remainder table”—Christmas recipes and the like, selected with no apparent thought. Employees with publishing experience, like Fried, were not consulted. Weathervane fell into an oblivion so complete that there’s no trace of it on the Internet. (Representatives at the company today claim never to have heard of it.) Nobody at Amazon seemed to absorb any lessons from the failure. A decade later, the company would try again.

    Around this time, a group called the “personalization team,” or P13N, started to replace editorial suggestions for readers with algorithms that used customers’ history to make recommendations for future purchases. At Amazon, “personalization” meant data analytics and statistical probability. Author interviews became less frequent, and in-house essays were subsumed by customer reviews, which cost the company nothing. Tim Appelo, the entertainment editor at the time, said, “You could be the Platonic ideal of the reviewer, and you would not beat even those rather crude early algorithms.” Amazon’s departments competed with one another almost as fiercely as they did with other companies. According to Brad Stone, a trash-talking sign was hung on a wall in the P13N office: “people forget that john henry died in the end.” Machines defeated human beings.

    In December, 1999, at the height of the dot-com mania, Time named Bezos its Person of the Year. “Amazon isn’t about technology or even commerce,” the breathless cover article announced. “Amazon is, like every other site on the Web, a content play.” Yet this was the moment, Marcus said, when “content” people were “on the way out.” Although the writers and the editors made the site more interesting, and easier to navigate, they didn’t bring more customers.

    The fact that Amazon once devoted significant space on its site to editorial judgments—to thinking and writing—would be an obscure footnote if not for certain turns in the company’s more recent history. According to one insider, around 2008—when the company was selling far more than books, and was making twenty billion dollars a year in revenue, more than the combined sales of all other American bookstores—Amazon began thinking of content as central to its business. Authors started to be considered among the company’s most important customers. By then, Amazon had lost much of the market in selling music and videos to Apple and Netflix, and its relations with publishers were deteriorating. These difficulties offended Bezos’s ideal of “seamless” commerce. “The company despises friction in the marketplace,” the Amazon insider said. “It’s easier for us to sell books and make books happen if we do it our way and not deal with others. It’s a tech-industry thing: ‘We think we can do it better.’ ” If you could control the content, you controlled everything.

    Many publishers had come to regard Amazon as a heavy in khakis and oxford shirts. In its drive for profitability, Amazon did not raise retail prices; it simply squeezed its suppliers harder, much as Walmart had done with manufacturers. Amazon demanded ever-larger co-op fees and better shipping terms; publishers knew that they would stop being favored by the site’s recommendation algorithms if they didn’t comply. Eventually, they all did. (Few customers realize that the results generated by Amazon’s search engine are partly determined by promotional fees.)

    In late 2007, at a press conference in New York, Bezos unveiled the Kindle, a simple, lightweight device that—in a crucial improvement over previous e-readers—could store as many as two hundred books, downloaded from Amazon’s 3G network. Bezos announced that the price of best-sellers and new titles would be nine-ninety-nine, regardless of length or quality—a figure that Bezos, inspired by Apple’s sale of songs on iTunes for ninety-nine cents, basically pulled out of thin air. Amazon had carefully concealed the number from publishers. “We didn’t want to let that cat out of the bag,” Steele said.

    The price was below wholesale in some cases, and so low that it represented a serious threat to the market in twenty-six-dollar hardcovers. Bookstores that depended on hardcover sales—from Barnes & Noble and Borders (which liquidated its business in 2011) to Rainy Day Books in Kansas City—glimpsed their possible doom. If reading went entirely digital, what purpose would they serve? The next year, 2008, which brought the financial crisis, was disastrous for bookstores and publishers alike, with widespread layoffs.

    By 2010, Amazon controlled ninety per cent of the market in digital books—a dominance that almost no company, in any industry, could claim. Its prohibitively low prices warded off competition.

    Publishers looked around for a competitor to Amazon, and they found one in Apple, which was getting ready to introduce the iPad, and the iBooks Store. Apple wanted a deal with each of the Big Six houses (Hachette, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Penguin, Random House, and Simon & Schuster) that would allow the publishers to set the retail price of titles on iBooks, with Apple taking a thirty-per-cent commission on each sale. This was known as the “agency model,” and, in some ways, it offered the publishers a worse deal than selling wholesale to Amazon. But it gave publishers control over pricing and a way to challenge Amazon’s grip on the market. Apple’s terms included the provision that it could match the price of any rival, which induced the publishers to impose the agency model on all digital retailers, including Amazon.

    Five of the Big Six went along with Apple. (Random House was the holdout.) Most of the executives let Amazon know of the change by phone or e-mail, but John Sargent flew out to Seattle to meet with four Amazon executives, including Russ Grandinetti, the vice-president of Kindle content. In an e-mail to a friend, Sargent wrote, “Am on my way out to Seattle to get my ass kicked by Amazon.”

    Sargent’s gesture didn’t seem to matter much to the Amazon executives, who were used to imposing their own terms. Seated at a table in a small conference room, Sargent said that Macmillan wanted to switch to the agency model for e-books, and that if Amazon refused Macmillan would withhold digital editions until seven months after print publication. The discussion was angry and brief. After twenty minutes, Grandinetti escorted Sargent out of the building. The next day, Amazon removed the buy buttons from Macmillan’s print and digital titles on its site, only to restore them a week later, under heavy criticism. Amazon unwillingly accepted the agency model, and within a couple of months e-books were selling for as much as fourteen dollars and ninety-nine cents.

    Amazon filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission. In April, 2012, the Justice Department sued Apple and the five publishers for conspiring to raise prices and restrain competition. Eventually, all the publishers settled with the government. (Macmillan was the last, after Sargent learned that potential damages could far exceed the equity value of the company.) Macmillan was obliged to pay twenty million dollars, and Penguin seventy-five million—enormous sums in a business that has always struggled to maintain respectable profit margins.

    Apple fought the charges, and the case went to trial last June. Grandinetti, Sargent, and others testified in the federal courthouse in lower Manhattan. As proof of collusion, the government presented evidence of e-mails, phone calls, and dinners among the Big Six publishers during their negotiations with Apple. Sargent and other executives acknowledged that they wanted higher prices for e-books, but they argued that the evidence showed them only to be competitors in an incestuous business, not conspirators. On July 10th, Judge Denise Cote ruled in the government’s favor.

    Apple, facing up to eight hundred and forty million dollars in damages, has appealed. As Apple and the publishers see it, the ruling ignored the context of the case: when the key events occurred, Amazon effectively had a monopoly in digital books and was selling them so cheaply that it resembled predatory pricing—a barrier to entry for potential competitors. Since then, Amazon’s share of the e-book market has dropped, levelling off at about sixty-five per cent, with the rest going largely to Apple and to Barnes & Noble, which sells the Nook e-reader. In other words, before the feds stepped in, the agency model introduced competition to the market. But the court’s decision reflected a trend in legal thinking among liberals and conservatives alike, going back to the seventies, that looks at antitrust cases from the perspective of consumers, not producers: what matters is lowering prices, even if that goal comes at the expense of competition.

    With Amazon’s patented 1-Click shopping, which already knows your address and credit-card information, there’s just you and the buy button; transactions are as quick and thoughtless as scratching an itch. “It’s sort of a masturbatory culture,” the marketing executive said. If you pay seventy-nine dollars annually to become an Amazon Prime member, a box with the Amazon smile appears at your door two days after you click, with free shipping. Amazon’s next frontier is same-day delivery: first in certain American cities, then throughout the U.S., then the world. In December, the company patented “anticipatory shipping,” which will use your shopping data to put items that you don’t yet know you want to buy, but will soon enough, on a truck or in a warehouse near you.

    Amazon employs or subcontracts tens of thousands of warehouse workers, with seasonal variation, often building its fulfillment centers in areas with high unemployment and low wages. Accounts from inside the centers describe the work of picking, boxing, and shipping books and dog food and beard trimmers as a high-tech version of the dehumanized factory floor satirized in Chaplin’s “Modern Times.” Pickers holding computerized handsets are perpetually timed and measured as they fast-walk up to eleven miles per shift around a million-square-foot warehouse, expected to collect orders in as little as thirty-three seconds. After watching footage taken by an undercover BBC reporter, a stress expert said, “The evidence shows increased risk of mental illness and physical illness.” The company says that its warehouse jobs are “similar to jobs in many other industries.”

    When I spoke with Grandinetti, he expressed sympathy for publishers faced with upheaval. “The move to people reading digitally and buying books digitally is the single biggest change that any of us in the book business will experience in our time,” he said. “Because the change is particularly big in size, and because we happen to be a leader in making it, a lot of that fear gets projected onto us.” Bezos also argues that Amazon’s role is simply to usher in inevitable change. After giving “60 Minutes” a first glimpse of Amazon drone delivery, Bezos told Charlie Rose, “Amazon is not happening to bookselling. The future is happening to bookselling.”

    In Grandinetti’s view, the Kindle “has helped the book business make a more orderly transition to a mixed print and digital world than perhaps any other medium.” Compared with people who work in music, movies, and newspapers, he said, authors are well positioned to thrive. The old print world of scarcity—with a limited number of publishers and editors selecting which manuscripts to publish, and a limited number of bookstores selecting which titles to carry—is yielding to a world of digital abundance. Grandinetti told me that, in these new circumstances, a publisher’s job “is to build a megaphone.”

    After the Kindle came out, the company established Amazon Publishing, which is now a profitable empire of digital works: in addition to Kindle Singles, it has mystery, thriller, romance, and Christian lines; it publishes translations and reprints; it has a self-service fan-fiction platform; and it offers an extremely popular self-publishing platform. Authors become Amazon partners, earning up to seventy per cent in royalties, as opposed to the fifteen per cent that authors typically make on hardcovers. Bezos touts the biggest successes, such as Theresa Ragan, whose self-published thrillers and romances have been downloaded hundreds of thousands of times. But one survey found that half of all self-published authors make less than five hundred dollars a year.

    Every year, Fine distributes grants of twenty-five thousand dollars, on average, to dozens of hard-up literary organizations. Beneficiaries include the pen American Center, the Loft Literary Center, in Minneapolis, and the magazine Poets & Writers. “For Amazon, it’s the cost of doing business, like criminal penalties for banks,” the arts manager said, suggesting that the money keeps potential critics quiet. Like liberal Democrats taking Wall Street campaign contributions, the nonprofits don’t advertise the grants. When the Best Translated Book Award received money from Amazon, Dennis Johnson, of Melville House, which had received the prize that year, announced that his firm would no longer compete for it. “Every translator in America wrote me saying I was a son of a bitch,” Johnson said. A few nonprofit heads privately told him, “I wanted to speak out, but I might have taken four thousand dollars from them, too.” A year later, at the Associated Writing Programs conference, Fine shook Johnson’s hand, saying, “I just wanted to thank you—that was the best publicity we could have had.” (Fine denies this.)

    By producing its own original work, Amazon can sell more devices and sign up more Prime members—a major source of revenue. While the company was building the Kindle, it started a digital store for streaming music and videos, and, around the same time it launched Amazon Publishing, it created Amazon Studios.

    The division pursued an unusual way of producing television series, using its strength in data collection. Amazon invited writers to submit scripts on its Web site—“an open platform for content creators,” as Bill Carr, the vice-president for digital music and video, put it. Five thousand scripts poured in, and Amazon chose to develop fourteen into pilots. Last spring, Amazon put the pilots on its site, where customers could review them and answer a detailed questionnaire. (“Please rate the following aspects of this show: The humor, the characters . . . ”) More than a million customers watched. Engineers also developed software, called Amazon Storyteller, which scriptwriters can use to create a “storyboard animatic”—a cartoon rendition of a script’s plot—allowing pilots to be visualized without the expense of filming. The difficulty, according to Carr, is to “get the right feedback and the right data, and, of the many, many data points that I can collect from customers, which ones can tell you, ‘This is the one’?”

    Bezos applying his “take no prisoners” pragmatism to the Post: “There are conflicts of interest with Amazon’s many contracts with the government, and he’s got so many policy issues going, like sales tax.” One ex-employee who worked closely with Bezos warned, “At Amazon, drawing a distinction between content people and business people is a foreign concept.”

    Perhaps buying the Post was meant to be a good civic deed. Bezos has a family foundation, but he has hardly involved himself in philanthropy. In 2010, Charlie Rose asked him what he thought of Bill Gates’s challenge to other billionaires to give away most of their wealth. Bezos didn’t answer. Instead, he launched into a monologue on the virtue of markets in solving social problems, and somehow ended up touting the Kindle.

    Bezos bought a newspaper for much the same reason that he has invested money in a project for commercial space travel: the intellectual challenge. With the Post, the challenge is to turn around a money-losing enterprise in a damaged industry, and perhaps to show a way for newspapers to thrive again.

    Lately, digital titles have levelled off at about thirty per cent of book sales. Whatever the temporary fluctuations in publishers’ profits, the long-term outlook is discouraging. This is partly because Americans don’t read as many books as they used to—they are too busy doing other things with their devices—but also because of the relentless downward pressure on prices that Amazon enforces. The digital market is awash with millions of barely edited titles, most of it dreck, while readers are being conditioned to think that books are worth as little as a sandwich. “Amazon has successfully fostered the idea that a book is a thing of minimal value,” Johnson said. “It’s a widget.”

    There are two ways to think about this. Amazon believes that its approach encourages ever more people to tell their stories to ever more people, and turns writers into entrepreneurs; the price per unit might be cheap, but the higher number of units sold, and the accompanying royalties, will make authors wealthier. Jane Friedman, of Open Road, is unfazed by the prospect that Amazon might destroy the old model of publishing. “They are practicing the American Dream—competition is good!” she told me. Publishers, meanwhile, “have been banks for authors. Advances have been very high.” In Friedman’s view, selling digital books at low prices will democratize reading: “What do you want as an author—to sell books to as few people as possible for as much as possible, or for as little as possible to as many readers as possible?”

    The answer seems self-evident, but there is a more skeptical view. Several editors, agents, and authors told me that the money for serious fiction and nonfiction has eroded dramatically in recent years; advances on mid-list titles—books that are expected to sell modestly but whose quality gives them a strong chance of enduring—have declined by a quarter.

    #Amazon


  • Deploying a Node App on Amazon #ec2
    https://hackernoon.com/deploying-a-node-app-on-amazon-ec2-d2fb9a6757eb?source=rss----3a8144eabf

    Deploying a Node application on an EC2 instance may seem like a daunting task but if you know how to configure your instance it is not that hard.We will be deploying a chat application written in #nodejs in the following stepsLaunch an EC2 instance and SSH into it.Install Node on EC2 instance.Copy code on your EC2 instance and install dependencies.Start server to run forever.So let’s get started.1. Launch an EC2 instance and SSH into itYou can refer to my article Launching an Amazon EC2 instance to launch an EC2 instance and SSH into it.When configuring the security group make sure you open the port on which your Node application will run. In my case, the port is 5000.2. Install Node on EC2 InstanceAfter doing SSH into your instance we will install Node on the instance.To install node run the (...)

    #amazon-ec2 #aws #servers


  • #amazon HQ2 and why every #nyc #startup should have their own HQ2
    https://hackernoon.com/amazon-hq2-and-why-every-nyc-startup-should-have-their-own-hq2-265c43caf

    I had the opportunity to speak on a panel a few nights ago hosted by Eyal Bino ICONYC labs on the State of NYC Tech in 2018. This couldn’t have been more timely as Amazon officially announced its HQ2 which included a location in Long Island City/NYC (see Steve Lohr article on NYC tech). Right off the bat, our moderator Hope King from Cheddar asked whether or not there were any negative reactions to the announcement.So I chimed in…Yes, it’s going to suck for startups over the next few years as they compete for tech talent with Amazon and also Google who announced they were doubling their NYC presence with another 7k hires to 14k employees.Andrew Cleland agreed but long term believed it would be a net add as new talent will move to NYC and would also provide a landing spot between startups (...)

    #venture-capital #engineering


  • A la redécouverte des peuples oubliés de l’Amazonie
    https://www.lemonde.fr/archeologie/video/2018/11/16/a-la-redecouverte-des-peuples-oublies-de-l-amazonie_5384308_1650751.html

    L’#archéologue Stéphen Rostain, directeur de recherche au CNRS, étudie les grandes #civilisations_précolombiennes dans la #forêt_amazonienne. Dans cette vidéo publiée en partenariat avec Universcience.tv, il explique comment, à partir de l’arrivée des Européens au XVe siècle, leurs populations ont été réduites de 80 voire 90 %… Les traces de leurs #habitats ont pour ainsi dire disparu et leur mémoire a été systématiquement niée. Du moins jusqu’à ce que le monde précolombien de la #forêt_tropicale soit redécouvert à la faveur de fouilles.

    #colonialisme #interdisciplinarité c’est la moindre des choses #Amazonie #culture


  • Amazon HQ2 Will Cost Taxpayers at Least $4.6 Billion, More Than Twice What the Company Claimed, New Study Shows
    https://theintercept.com/2018/11/15/amazon-hq2-long-island-city-virginia-subsidies

    Amazon’s announcement this week that it will open its new headquarters in New York City and northern Virginia came with the mind-boggling revelation that the corporate giant will rake in $2.1 billion in local government subsidies. But an analysis by the nation’s leading tracker of corporate subsidies finds that the government handouts will actually amount to at least $4.6 billion. But even that figure, which accounts for state and local perks, doesn’t take into account a gift that Amazon will (...)

    #Amazon #urbanisme