• Israeli court dismisses Amnesty’s petition against spyware firm NSO
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-nso-group-amnesty/israeli-court-dismisses-amnestys-petition-against-spyware-firm-nso-idUSKCN2

    JERUSALEM (Reuters) - An Israeli court has dismissed Amnesty International’s legal bid to stop NSO Group from exporting surveillance software, saying the rights organization did not prove NSO’s technology had been used to spy on its members. Amnesty alleged that governments around the world have used the Israeli company’s cellphone-hacking software, Pegasus, to crack down on activists, and petitioned to get NSO’s export license revoked. A Tel Aviv District Court judge, however, found Amnesty (...)

    #NSO #algorithme #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #activisme #journalisme #procès #écoutes #hacking #surveillance (...)

    ##Amnesty

  • #Amnesty_International déboutée par un tribunal israélien pour son procès contre le groupe NSO :

    Israël continuera d’exporter ses systèmes d’espionnage
    Nicolas Barotte, La Figaro, le 14 juillet 2020
    https://www.lefigaro.fr/international/israel-continuera-d-exporter-ses-systemes-d-espionnage-20200714

    NSO l’a échappé belle. Cette firme israélienne connue de tous les services de renseignement dans le monde et à la réputation sulfureuse est sortie victorieuse d’une bataille juridique engagée notamment par Amnesty International. Un tribunal de Tel-Aviv a rejeté la demande présentée par l’ONG d’annuler les permis d’exportation délivrés par le ministère de la Défense israélien à cette firme privée.

    #Palestine #israel #NSO #Pegasus #surveillance #WhatsApp #Espionnage #Illégal

  • Human rights activists want to use AI to help prove war crimes in court
    https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/06/25/1004466/ai-could-help-human-rights-activists-prove-war-crimes

    It would take years for humans to scour the tens of thousands of hours of footage that document violations in Yemen. With machine learning, it takes just days. In 2015, alarmed by an escalating civil war in Yemen, Saudi Arabia led an air campaign against the country to defeat what it deemed a threatening rise of Shia power. The intervention, launched with eight other largely Sunni Arab states, was meant to last only a few weeks, Saudi officials had said. Nearly five years later, it still (...)

    #algorithme #activisme #criminalité #arme #reconnaissance #Amnesty #GlobalLegalActionNetwork-GLAN_

    ##criminalité

    • #Torino, prima città rifugio in Italia di chi difende i diritti umani

      Decolla il progetto del Comune con #Amnesty_International. Anche un polo per formare sull’accoglienza.

      Trovano casa a Torino gli attivisti di Amnesty International, ma anche tutti quelli che ogni giorno sono minacciati per la loro battaglia per i diritti umani. L’assessore ai Giovani, Marco Giusta, ha siglato un accordo che la trasforma nella prima “#shelter_city” d’Italia, cioè luogo di rifugio e accoglienza per chi si batte per i diritti umani e per questo è minacciato nel proprio Paese. Il progetto prevede un periodo di ospitalità che va da tre mesi a un anno, a seconda delle necessità: “Si tratta della messa a punto di un lavoro di tre anni e mezzo – racconta Giusta - Torino è davvero diventata la Capitale dei Diritti. Le conoscenze sono fuori dal Palazzo, costruire ponti e collaborazioni con chi lavora ogni giorno sul tema è stato fondamentale. Servivano spazi di codecisione amministrativi e li abbiamo creati al fine di lanciare programmazioni concrete e permanenti per la Città”.
      Il patto prevede da un lato la creazione di una rete d’accoglienza, ma anche il rafforzamento di progetti come #Open_011, la Casa della mobilità giovanile di corso Venezia. Una realtà nato nel 2006 durante le Olimpiadi Invernali e che oggi punta a diventare un Training Centre di livello internazionale. Sarà qui infatti la sede operativa di #JHREP, il Programma di Educazione ai Diritti Umani che Amnesty International Italia, Cifa Onlus e la rete internazionale #Hreyn intendono sviluppare per promuovere l’organizzazione di momenti formativi, training e study session nazionali e internazionali sul territorio torinese. “Torino sui diritti non deve essere arroccata, deve passare all’attacco – chiarisce l’assessore - Attacco non violento, ma strategico: serve una strategia per aggredire il fenomeno di violenza di genere, l’antisemitismo, il razzismo, il fascismo. La nostra strategia è sempre la stessa: serve diffondere valori e temi nella cittadinanza. Una città dei diritti, per me, è una città in cui le persone scelgono di venire a vivere e in cui scelgono di rimanere. In cui i e le giovani mettono alla prova i propri talenti e ambizioni. In cui ogni persona ha la possibilità di lavorare e il diritto di sentirsi a casa. In cui tutti i quartieri beneficiano di nuove opportunità e si sviluppano”.
      Già da luglio è attiva la nuova convenzione ventennale per la gestione dello spazio che prevede un ulteriore innalzamento degli standard qualitativi e l’introduzione di tariffe calmierate riservate a progetti sostenuti dalla Città o finanziati dal programma “#Erasmus_plus” e dal Consiglio d’Europa.

      https://torino.repubblica.it/cronaca/2019/12/10/news/torino_prima_citta_rifugio_in_italia_di_chi_difende_i_diritti_uman
      #Turin #citoyenneté

    • Padova sarà presto la seconda città-rifugio per i difensori dei diritti umani

      L’Italia diventa sempre più sensibile al tema della protezione degli human rights defenders, i difensori dei diritti umani. Tanto che, dopo Trento, anche Padova sarà presto una pioniera delle città-rifugio.

      Grazie ad una campagna lanciata un anno e mezzo fa dalla rete In difesa di formata da oltre 40 associazioni italiane, anche il nostro Paese avrà le sue shelter-cities, luoghi protetti per avvocati, blogger, attivisti in pericolo. La provincia autonoma di Trento ha già approvato una mozione a riguardo, e presto seguirà la provincia di Padova.

      «Ma entro fine anno contiamo di arrivare a cinque enti locali trasformati in shelter cities italiane», anticipa a b-hop Francesco Martone, portavoce della rete «#In_difesa_di…» (www.indifesadi.org)

      Ma cosa sono esattamente le città-rifugio? Luoghi sicuri e protetti nei quali i perseguitati in patria per via del loro essere schierati per professione a difesa dei diritti dei più vulnerabili (pensiamo a chi protegge i popoli indigeni in America Latina o agli avvocati e blogger in Cina, o ancora agli attivisti per diritti degli omosessuali in Africa), potranno vivere tranquilli ma in attività per un periodo circoscritto della loro vita.

      E continuare a lavorare anche a distanza, per portare a compimento la loro missione.

      «Sono due le città italiane che iniziano a muoversi in questa direzione per esser accreditate come shelter city: una è Trento, che ha annunciato di recente il suo coinvolgimento in questo meccanismo – assicura Martone – e l’altra è Padova, che ancora non ha formalizzato l’impegno, ma presto lo farà».

      «Stiamo lavorando anche su Prato e poi con la Regione Lazio e il comune di Milano», dice.

      Ma come si fa a candidarsi per essere una città che protegge chi nel proprio Paese ha dei problemi a proseguire con il lavoro di attivista? Ricordiamo che solo nel 2017 sono morte 312 persone, assassinate perché combattevano per i diritti umani. Parliamo spesso di regimi, altre volte di democrazie a rischio, Stati come la Colombia, la Mauritania, l’Iraq, l’Eritrea.

      Intanto, per accogliere, bisogna avere una “vocazione” già avviata, spiega Martone. Ad esempio, una società civile che abbia già preso a cuore una causa specifica.

      Poi ci si deve collegare ad un protocollo d’intesa che nel frattempo va avanti a livello nazionale. Bisogna cioè manifestare l’interesse ad ospitare un “perseguitato” e prendersi anche dei rischi o la responsabilità di tutelare la sua identità. Certo, l’Italia rispetto ad altri Paesi è indietro ma comincia a muovere passi importanti.

      «Il tema human rights defenders in Italia è relativamente nuovo – spiega Martone– In Germania o Olanda, invece, già esistono gli shelter e funzionano bene. Per i nostri enti locali questo è un uovo di colombo, adesso ci dicono: “finalmente per la prima volta quando parliamo di diritti umani sappiamo esattamente cosa possiamo fare per tutelare le persone“».

      Si tratta di attivare anzitutto un sistema di relazioni diplomatiche abbastanza solido e multi-livello.

      «Necessariamente il nostro lavoro nella Campagna italiana coinvolge le ambasciate e il ministero degli esteri. Noi siamo da due anni in dialogo con la Farnesina su questo», spiega ancora l’attivista.

      E i risultati si vedono: nonostante l’incertezza politica l’Italia è ormai ingaggiata.

      «La Farnesina ha risposto per ora organizzando un mega convegno a Roma sulle buone pratiche.

      Il 18 giugno prossimo saranno presenti alla Farnesina, attivisti dall’area euro-mediterranea, l’Ong Frontline defenders, e Justice & Peace, una Ong olandese che gestisce il programma locale di protezione e molti altri.

      «Questa roba qui in Italia non è stata mai fatta. Intanto creiamo le premesse perché si possa iniziare a capire come fare: incontriamo soggetti che già fanno opera di protezione».

      In effetti ad Amsterdam, Groningen, l’Aja, Maastricht, Middelburg, in Olanda, esistono convenzioni e strutture dove le persone perseguitate possono riprendere fiato, cercare alleanze, ricaricare le energie. Lavorare da avvocati, giornalisti, blogger, attivisti.

      Un esempio? Amsterdam. Dove «puoi essere ciò che sei, amare chi vuoi e pensare e credere in ciò che desideri. Libertà e tolleranza sono parte integrante della città. Ed è questo che rende Amsterdam una shelter city per eccellenza». Così si legge sul sito olandese.

      Lookkaté, ad esempio, è un’attivista che viene dalla Thailandia dove promuove i diritti civili e politici del popolo Thai. Ora si trova in Olanda dove ha trovato momentanemente un po’ di pace. E di alleati.

      «L’altra grande sfida è in effetti quella di trovare terreno fertile: una società civile locale che non solo accolga ma che collabori con lo human rights defender», spiega ancora Martone.

      «Quando un attivista minacciato tende a lasciare il paese d’origine prima ci sono dei protocolli da seguire, dei visti da ottenere, uno status di protezione internazionale temporanea per esempio», spiega infine Martone.

      https://www.b-hop.it/primo-piano/anche-padova-le-citta-rifugio-difensori-dei-diritti-umani
      #Padoue

    • Il Comune di Montegrotto Terme diventa Città Rifugio per i difensori dei diritti umani

      Il Consiglio Comunale di #Montegrotto_Terme ha approvato una mozione per aderire al progetto “Città Rifugio”.

      Si tratta di un progetto pilota di accoglienza temporanea e supporto per difensori dei diritti umani minacciati, in grado di raccogliere le diverse disponibilità territoriali per la relocation degli Human Rights Defenders, da attivare di concerto con la rete "In Difesa Di - per i diritti umani e chi li difende”, con gli altri Enti locali italiani interessati, le organizzazioni della società civile presenti ed attive sul territorio, e il Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani “Antonio Papisca” dell’Università di Padova.

      Il Comune di Montegrotto Terme va ad aggiungersi ai Comuni di #Trento, Padova, #Cadoneghe, #Ponte_San_Nicolò, #Rubano, #Noventa_Padovana, #Asiago, Torino e alla Provincia Autonoma di Trento che hanno già aderito all’iniziativa.

      Con l’approvazione della mozione il Comune di Montegrotto Terme si impegna inoltre a:

      promuovere occasioni di studio, formazione e scambio di esperienze tra amministrazioni territoriali, organizzazioni della società civile e università sul ruolo degli enti locali nella protezione dei difensori dei diritti umani e le Città-Rifugio;
      promuovere nelle scuole di ogni ordine e grado iniziative di sensibilizzazione sui difensori dei diritti umani intese come educazione all’assunzione di responsabilità per lo svolgimento di ruoli di cittadinanza attiva e democratica;
      sollecitare il Governo nazionale affinché attivi programmi di protezione per i difensori dei diritti umani, rafforzando l’iniziativa del corpo diplomatico italiano nell’attuazione delle linee-guida UE ed OSCE, ed aderendo alla Temporary Relocation Platform dell’Unione Europea;
      prevedere attraverso gli strumenti della cooperazione decentrata iniziative di supporto a programmi e progetti di sostegno e protezione dei difensori dei diritti umani in paesi terzi, centrale per il perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile;
      inviare la rispettiva mozione all’ANCI ed alla Conferenza Stato-Regioni al fine di diffonderla presso altri Enti locali sollecitandone l’impegno per la protezione dei difensori dei diritti umani e la creazione di opportunità di rifugio temporaneo per attivisti a rischio e di programmi di cooperazione decentrata nei paesi terzi.

      L’iniziativa intende dare attuazione alla Dichiarazione “sul diritto e la responsabilità degli individui, dei gruppi e degli organi della società di promuovere e proteggere le libertà fondamentali e i diritti umani universalmente riconosciuti” (Dichiarazione sui Difensori dei diritti umani), adottata dall’Assemblea generale delle Nazioni Unite il 9 dicembre 1998; alle Linee Guida sui Difensori dei diritti umani, adottate dal Consiglio dell’Unione Europea nel 2004 e aggiornate nel 2008, volte ad orientare il lavoro delle rappresentanze diplomatiche dell’Unione e degli Stati Membri e la “Piattaforma UE di coordinamento per l’asilo temporaneo dei difensori dei diritti umani”; nonché alle Linee Guida sulla protezione dei Difensori dei diritti umani, adottate dall’Organizzazione per la Sicurezza e la Cooperazione in Europa (OSCE) nel 2014.

      L’art. 1 della Dichiarazione sui Difensori dei diritti umani stabilisce che “tutti hanno il diritto, individualmente ed in associazione con altri, di promuovere e lottare per la protezione e la realizzazione dei diritti umani e delle libertà fondamentali a livello nazionale ed internazionale”.

      L’Unione Europea nell’ambito della “Piattaforma di coordinamento per l’asilo temporaneo dei difensori dei diritti umani” (European Union Human Rights Defenders RE location Platform, EUTRP), ha implementato dei programmi di training in modo da garantire la necessaria sicurezza del Difensore; l’obiettivo è dunque un approccio di sviluppo e potenziamento delle capacità (capacity building), affinché i difensori dei diritti umani acquisiscano gli strumenti per mitigare i rischi che corrono e che risultano determinanti affinché possano elevare il loro livello di sicurezza e la qualità del loro lavoro.

      Nel Rapporto presentato quest’anno dal Relatore Speciale delle Nazioni Unite sui difensori dei diritti umani è stata riaffermata la centralità degli Enti locali in un sistema integrato di protezione e sostegno ai difensori dei diritti umani che preveda anche un maggior impegno da parte della diplomazia, attraverso le ambasciate in paesi terzi e nei consessi internazionali quali il Consiglio Diritti Umani delle Nazioni Unite.
      Nel medesimo Rapporto sono indicati i principi che devono informare le iniziative a sostegno dei programmi di ricollocamento temporaneo dei difensori dei diritti umani: che siano fondate sui diritti umani, che includano difensori e difensore di differenti background, integrino la dimensione di genere, siano fondate su un approccio olistico alla sicurezza, siano orientate alla protezione di individui e collettivi, prevedano la partecipazione dei difensori e difensore nella scelta delle misure di protezione e siano flessibili al fine di soddisfare i bisogni specifici dei difensori e delle difensore.

      L’iniziativa “Città Rifugio-Shelter City” fu lanciata per la prima volta nel 2012 dai Paesi Bassi. Essa prevede che, quando i difensori dei diritti umani sono seriamente minacciati a causa del loro operato da attivisti, possono richiedere un alloggio temporaneo alle città olandesi di: Amsterdam, Groningen, L’Aja, Maastricht, Middelburg, Nijmegen, Tilburg, Utrecht. Il periodo di permanenza di un difensore dei diritti umani è ridotto (dai 3 ai 6 mesi), questo perché la ratio è di fornirgli un periodo di “rest and respite” (riposo e tregua) al di fuori del suo paese, per poi poter affrontare nuovamente la lotta nonviolenta per i diritti umani quando le minacce saranno cessate.
      L’iniziativa olandese è stata in grado di amplificare un forte segnale al governo dei paesi di origine, all’opinione pubblica e agli eventuali responsabili delle minacce al difensore dei diritti umani: sostenendo pubblicamente il difensore, l’iniziativa dimostra che le violazioni sui diritti umani denunciate dall’attivista minacciato, sono prese seriamente in considerazione da parte della comunità internazionale. A tal riguardo, particolarmente vulnerabili, risultano essere le cosiddette Women Human rights Defenders, donne attiviste minacciate, e le loro famiglie.

      In Italia, sotto impulso della rete “In Difesa Di - per i diritti umani e chi li difende” alcuni Enti locali italiani stanno lavorando alla creazione di programmi di accoglienza temporanea e rifugio per difensori e difensore dei diritti umani a rischio.

      La mozione approvata dal Comune di Montegrotto Terme è disponibile al link sottostante.

      https://unipd-centrodirittiumani.it/it/news/Il-Comune-di-Montegrotto-Terme-diventa-Citta-Rifugio-per-i-difensori-dei-diritti-umani/4969

  • StopCovid, la crise de confiance
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/france/230620/stopcovid-la-crise-de-confiance?onglet=full

    Est-ce le déclin de l’épidémie ou le manque de confiance dans l’exécutif ? Cédric O a confirmé ce mardi la faiblesse de l’usage de l’application, qui n’a permis de « prévenir » que 14 personnes d’un contact à risques. Alors qu’une nouvelle version doit réduire la quantité d’informations transmises, Mediapart revient sur les inquiétudes que StopCovid soulève pour la vie privée. Disponible depuis le 2 juin, l’application StopCovid n’a cessé d’essuyer les critiques. L’association Anticor a saisi le parquet (...)

    #Anticor #ANSSI #Apple #Google #Orange #algorithme #CAPTCHA #smartphone #StopCovid #anonymat #contactTracing #interopérabilité #technologisme #consentement #HealthDataHub #BigData #COVID-19 #GAFAM #santé #Amnesty (...)

    ##interopérabilité ##santé ##CNIL

  • VIDEO. Amnesty International soupçonne le pouvoir marocain d’avoir espionné un journaliste d’investigation à l’aide du logiciel Pegasus
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/afrique/maroc/video-amnesty-international-soupconne-le-pouvoir-marocain-davoir-espion

    Un rapport d’Amnesty International que la Cellule investigation de Radio France révèle lundi avec l’organisation Forbidden Stories établit qu’un journaliste d’investigation marocain a été victime d’une attaque de Pegasus. Ce logiciel espion, qui permet de prendre le contrôle des smartphones, serait utilisé par plusieurs régimes autoritaires. Pegasus a-t-il encore été utilisé à des fins de surveillance politique ? C’est la conviction de l’ONG Amnesty International qui vient de rédiger un rapport, révélé (...)

    #NSO #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #activisme #journalisme #écoutes #hacking #surveillance (...)

    ##Amnesty

  • Un journaliste marocain victime d’attaques par injection réseau au moyen d’outils conçus par NSO Group
    https://www.amnesty.org/fr/latest/research/2020/06/moroccan-journalist-targeted-with-network-injection-attacks-using-nso-group

    Résumé En octobre 2019, Amnesty International a publié un premier rapport sur l’utilisation d’un logiciel espion produit par l’entreprise israélienne NSO Group en vue de cibler des défenseurs des droits humains marocains, Maati Monjib et Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui. À l’issue des investigations qu’a continué de mener Security Lab, l’équipe de spécialistes de la sécurité numérique de l’organisation, Amnesty International a mis au jour d’autres éléments similaires révélant qu’Omar Radi, journaliste et (...)

    #NSO #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #journalisme #écoutes #surveillance #Amnesty

  • L’application de lutte contre le Covid-19 en Norvège, jugée trop intrusive, est suspendue
    https://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2020/06/18/norvege-jugee-trop-intrusive-l-application-de-lutte-contre-le-covid-19-est-s

    Evoquant les risques pour la vie privée de ses utilisateurs, plusieurs organismes ont demandé à l’institut de la santé publique, chargé du projet, de revoir sa copie. La Norvège n’a plus besoin de son application pour lutter contre le coronavirus – et face aux questions liées à la protection de la vie privée, toutes les données récoltées par le dispositif ont même été effacées. Depuis mardi 16 juin, l’application de traçage Smittestopp (« stop aux infections ») est gelée dans le pays. Aucune donnée (...)

    #Microsoft #Bluetooth #smartphone #Smittestopp #GPS #contactTracing #géolocalisation #technologisme #consentement #BigData #bug #Amnesty (...)

    ##RakningC-19

  • Turkey: Stifling free expression during the COVID-19 pandemic - Amntesy International

    Corona virus is devastating lives worldwide, whether because of the illness itself or the social and economic impact of lockdowns and other government measures.

    Everywhere, the poorest are being hit hardest. In Turkey, the authorities are making the situation worse by using the pandemic as an excuse to further stifle the right to freedom of expression. They are hounding social media users, journalists, doctors and others, and invoking legal provisions that criminalize dissent, in efforts to silence their critics.

    #Covid-19#Turquie#Sociétécivile#Répréssion#Liberté#Amnestyinternational#Confinement#migrant#migration

    https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2020/06/turkey-stifling-free-expression-during-the-covid19-pandemic

  • Bahrain, Kuwait and Norway contact tracing apps among most dangerous for privacy
    https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/06/bahrain-kuwait-norway-contact-tracing-apps-danger-for-privacy

    Bahrain, Kuwait and Norway have rolled out some of the most invasive COVID-19 contact tracing apps around the world, putting the privacy and security of hundreds of thousands of people at risk, an Amnesty International investigation reveals. Amnesty’s Security Lab reviewed contact tracing apps from Europe, Middle East and North Africa, including a detailed technical analysis of 11 apps in Algeria, Bahrain, France, Iceland, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Norway, Qatar, Tunisia and United Arab (...)

    #algorithme #bracelet #BeAware #Bluetooth #smartphone #GPS #contactTracing #géolocalisation #COVID-19 #hacking #santé #consentement (...)

    ##santé ##Amnesty

  • Coronavirus : Alarm over ’invasive’ Kuwait and Bahrain contact-tracing apps
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53052395

    Kuwait and Bahrain have rolled out some of the most invasive Covid-19 contact-tracing apps in the world, putting the privacy and security of their users at risk, Amnesty International says. The rights group found the apps were carrying out live or near-live tracking of users’ locations by uploading GPS co-ordinates to a central server. It urged the Gulf states to stop using them in their current forms. Norway has halted the roll-out of its app because of similar concerns. The country’s (...)

    #algorithme #Bluetooth #smartphone #GPS #jeu #contactTracing #géolocalisation #consentement #BigData #COVID-19 #santé #surveillance #activisme #Amnesty #Shlonik (...)

    ##santé ##BeAware

  • EU ’covered up’ Croatia’s failure to protect migrants from border brutality

    Exclusive: Brussels officials feared disclosing Zagreb’s lack of commitment to monitoring would cause ‘scandal’

    EU officials have been accused of an “outrageous cover-up” after withholding evidence of a failure by Croatia’s government to supervise #police repeatedly accused of robbing, abusing and humiliating migrants at its borders.

    Internal European commission emails seen by the Guardian reveal officials in Brussels had been fearful of a backlash when deciding against full disclosure of Croatia’s lack of commitment to a monitoring mechanism that ministers had previously agreed to fund with EU money.

    Ahead of responding to inquiries from a senior MEP in January, a commission official had warned a colleague that the Croatian government’s failure to use money earmarked two years ago for border police “will for sure be seen as a ‘scandal’”.

    Supervision of the behaviour of border officers had been the condition set on a larger grant of EU funds to Croatia. There have been multiple allegations of violent pushbacks of migrants and refugees by Croatian police on the border with Bosnia, including an incident in which a migrant was shot.

    In response to allegations of a cover-up, an EC spokesman told the Guardian that what was known had been withheld from MEPs as the information was believed to have been “incomplete”.
    Crosses on our heads to ’cure’ Covid-19: refugees report abuse by Croatian police
    Read more

    It throws a spotlight on both the Croatian government’s human rights record and the apparent willingness of the EU’s executive branch to cover for Zagreb’s failure.

    Croatia is seeking to enter the EU’s passport-free Schengen zone – a move that requires compliance with European human rights standards at borders.

    Despite heated denials by the Croatian authorities, the latest border incident has been described by aid workers as the most violent in the Balkan migration crisis. On 26 May, 11 Pakistani and five Afghan men were stopped by a group wearing black uniforms and balaclavas in the Plitvice Lakes, 16km (10 miles) into Croatia from the Bosnian border.

    “The men in uniforms tied each of the Pakistanis and Afghanis around a tree, so their wrists were bound and they had to turn their faces toward the trees,” according to a report from the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), which provides healthcare for migrants in Bosnia. “Once these people were unable to move, the men in uniforms fired several shots in the air with guns placed close to the ears of the Pakistanis and Afghanis. There were also shots fired close to their legs.’’

    “They kept shooting. They were shooting so closely that the stones under our feet were flying and being blown to pieces,” one of the men told the Guardian. “They kept saying: ‘I want to beat and kill you.’ They tortured us for three to four hours.”

    The council’s report says electro-shockers were placed on people’s necks and heads. “One of the men in uniform was cutting several victims with knives and the same person inflicted cuts on both of the palms of one person.”

    One asylum seeker said that one of the men put his knee on his neck, then cut at him with a blade. ‘‘He sliced the index finger of my left hand, and blood started spurting out like a small shower,’’ he said. “Then he smiled and cut my middle finger followed by my palm with a larger cut. The whole hand is swollen beyond recognition.”

    After a while, the men in balaclavas called other uniformed officers.

    According to the victims and a report by the DRC, “before the police arrival, one of the men in uniform made a film with his mobile phone, while others in his company were laughing, yelling and provoking”.

    Upon the arrival of police officers, the migrants were put into vans and taken to the border at Šiljkovača, a village close to Velika Kladuša. Police officers did not beat them, but ordered them into Bosnian territory.

    “All of them had bleeding wounds on their heads and numerous bruises on various parts of the body,” Nicola Bay, the DRC country director for Bosnia, told the Guardian. “Four of them had broken arms and one had a broken leg and both arms.”

    Contacted by the Guardian, the Croatian police denied the allegations and suggested that asylum seekers could have fabricated the account and that the wounds could be the result of “a confrontation among migrants” that took place ‘‘on 28 May in the vicinity of the Croatian border, near Cazin’’.

    Volunteers and charities who have treated migrants involved in the fight in Cazin, said the two incidents are unrelated and happened two days apart. Those involved in the fight in Cazin have not claimed they were attacked by the police.

    The establishment of supervisory mechanisms to ensure the humane treatment of migrants at the border had been a condition of a €6.8m (£6.1m) cash injection announced in December 2018 to strengthen Croatia’s borders with non-EU countries.

    The mechanism was publicised by the European commission as a way to “ensure that all measures applied at the EU external borders are proportionate and are in full compliance with fundamental rights and EU asylum laws”.

    Croatian ministers claimed last year that the funds had been handed over to the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Croatian Law Centre to establish the supervisory mechanism.

    Both organisations deny receiving the money.

    In January this year, the commission was asked by Clare Daly, an Irish MEP in the Independents 4 Change party, to account for the discrepancy.

    A commission official responded that the UNCHR and Croatian Law Centre had established the monitoring mechanism but from “their own funds” to ensure independence from the government.

    He added: “Hopefully [this] clarifies this matter once and for all”.

    But both organisations have again denied being involved in any monitoring project, clarifying that they had only been engaged in an earlier initiative involving the examination of police files.

    Beyond the apparent inaccuracy of the response to Daly, internal emails suggest the full facts of the “underspending” – as its known to the commission – were also withheld.

    The EC failed to inform Daly that the Croatian government had decided to ring-fence only €102,000 of the €300,000 provided for the monitoring mechanism and that ultimately only €84,672 was actually spent – €17,469.87 was given to the interior ministry and €59,637.91 went to NGOs. A roundtable conference accounted for €1,703.16.

    “While we know that there has been underspending on the €300,000 … we thought that around € 240,000 were nevertheless spent in the context of the monitoring mechanism,” an EU official had written while discussing how to deal with the MEP’s questions. “Having spent only EUR 102,000, will for sure be seen as a ‘scandal’.”

    The commission did not pass on information on the spending to Daly but privately officials agreed to seek answers urgently. They also discussed in a phone and email exchange the possibility of intervening in the member state’s planned report due to the poor handling of the matter by the Croatian government.

    “Seeing how unfortunate [Croatia] is presenting this issue, [Croatia] definitively needs (your?) help in putting some ‘final touches’ to the report,” an official in the commission’s migration department wrote to a colleague. “Will [Croatia] provide you with an advance copy of the final report?”

    Daly told the Guardian: “It is outrageous – the commission appears to be colluding with the Croatian authorities in a cover-up.”

    An EC spokesperson said the EU’s executive branch was committed to the establishment of a fully independent border monitoring mechanism.

    The spokesperson said: “We would caution against drawing misleading conclusions from reading the internal email exchanges in isolation.”

    He added: “The Croatian authorities are explaining in their final implementation report how the monitoring mechanism was established, how it works in practice and outline the results.

    “Given that the report submitted by the Croatian authorities was incomplete, the commission asked the Croatian authorities for clarifications first in writing and orally regarding outstanding issues (eg factual data confirming the achievements of the project indicators relating to internal controls and trainings).”

    https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jun/15/eu-covered-up-croatias-failure-to-protect-migrants-from-border-brutalit
    #complicité #EU #UE #Croatie #violence #réfugiés #asile #migrations #violence #violences #hauts_fonctionnaires #fonds #argent #gardes_frontière #route_des_Balkans #frontières #Plitvice_Lakes #commission_européenne #Union_européenne #couverture

    • Report from Centre for Peace Studies on the pushback of children

      On 29th May 2020, the Centre for Peace Studies – a key member of the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) – presented a new report alongside the Welcome! Initiative. Addressing the Croatian Government, the “Report on violent and illegal expulsions of children and unaccompanied children” is based on testimonies collected by activists through the BVMN shared database. The publication shares the story of children who sought protection from Croatia, and how Croatia answered in violence.

      “We came to the door of Prime Minister Plenković and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Božinović, who have been turning their backs on testimonies and accusations for years and silently pursuing a policy of flattering the European Union. Even the most vulnerable are not excluded from violence – children “, said Tea Vidović on behalf of the Welcome! Initiative.

      The report submitted to the Government by the organizations provides testimonies of children and their families and unaccompanied children on violent and illegal methods that they had to experience at the hands of police authorities. This illegal and inhuman behavior violates national laws, international law and human rights, prevents access to international protection and, most importantly, marks children’s lives. Although the Government of the Republic of Croatia and the Ministry of the Interior should take into account the special vulnerability of children, respect their rights and best interests, children experience police brutality and limitation of their freedom for hours without access to water and food.

      “While the government uses every opportunity to emphasize the importance of border protection, we wonder in which way is police protecting Croatian borders? By beating children, confiscating their personal belongings, locking children in police vans for several hours in which they are exposed to extremely high or extremely low temperatures, shooting and using electric shocks, is this how the police protect Croatian borders? ”, points out Ana Ćuća.

      The exact number of children who are victims of police brutality remains unknown. BVMN has reported 209 cases of violent and illegal expulsions of children from Croatia since 2017, while Save the Children recorded 2969 expulsions of children at the borders in the Western Balkans during the first 9 months of last year.

      Two cases are currently pending at the European Court of Human Rights against Croatia, both involving violence and pushback. The first is the case of the family of the tragically late six-year-old girl Madina Hussiny, who was killed at the Croatian-Serbian border. The second includes pushbacks, illegal detention and inhumane treatment of a 17-year-old Syrian boy by Croatian police, who was pushed back to Bosnia and Herzegovina despite seeking asylum in Croatia.

      The latest report presented is the sixth report on violent and illegal expulsions published in the last four years, and it is the collective work of the Centre for Peace Studies, the Society for Psychological Assistance, the Welcome! Initiative and the Border Violence Monitoring Network. It also brings a short graphic novel based on the story of little #Madina, a young girl killed in transit, for whose death no one has yet been held accountable.

      Therefore, the organisations ask the Government and the Ministry of the Interior to finally take responsibility and for those who sanction and carry out systematic violence. Responsible institutions are obliged to investigate those who commit violence and push back children in need of protection. All children deserve justice and protection.

      https://www.borderviolence.eu/report-from-centre-for-peace-studies-on-the-pushback-of-children
      #enfants #enfance #mineurs

      Pour télécharger le #rapport:
      https://www.cms.hr/system/article_document/doc/647/Pushback_report_on_children_and_unaccompanied_children_in_Croatia.pdf

    • Policiers croates accusés de violences contre des migrants : l’UE réclame une "enquête approfondie’’

      Après avoir été interpellée par Amnesty International sur la « violence » des policiers croates à l’égard des migrants, la Commission européenne a réclamé à Zagreb une « enquête approfondie ». L’institution prévoit d’envoyer une mission sur place, quand la situation sanitaire le permettra.

      L’Union européenne est sortie de son ’’silence’’ au sujet des accusations de violences contre des migrants perpétrées par la police croate. Vendredi 12 juin, la Commission européenne a réclamé à Zagreb une "#enquête_approfondie'' à la suite de la publication d’un rapport à charge de l’ONG Amnesty International dénonçant des #passages_à_tabac, des #tortures et des tentatives d’#humiliation de la part de policiers croates (https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/25339/on-les-suppliait-d-arreter-de-nous-frapper-ils-chantaient-et-riaient-l).

      « Nous sommes très préoccupés par ces allégations », a déclaré un porte-parole de l’exécutif européen, Adalbert Jahnz. « La #violence, l’humiliation et les #traitements_dégradants des demandeurs d’asile et migrants n’ont pas leur place dans l’Union européenne et doivent être condamnés », a-t-il assuré.

      L’Union européenne avait été directement interpellée par Amnesty International dans son rapport. Ce document affirme que 16 migrants, qui tentaient d’entrer illégalement en Croatie, ont été « ligotés, brutalement battus et torturés » pendant plusieurs heures par des forces de l’ordre, dans la nuit du 26 au 27 mai. « L’Union européenne ne peut plus rester silencieuse et ignorer délibérément les violences et les abus commis par la police croate à la frontière », avait déclaré Massimo Moratti, directeur adjoint de l’antenne européenne de l’ONG.

      https://twitter.com/Jelena_Sesar/status/1271044353629335553?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E12

      Une mission sur place quand la situation sanitaire le permettra

      L’exécutif européen a également indiqué être « en contact étroit » avec les autorités croates qui « se sont engagées à enquêter » sur ces accusations de mauvais traitements à leur frontière avec la Bosnie (https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/18721/plusieurs-migrants-retrouves-blesses-a-la-frontiere-entre-la-bosnie-et). « Nous attendons que ces accusations fassent l’objet d’une enquête approfondie et que toutes les actions nécessaires soient prises », a poursuivi le porte-parole.

      La Commission prévoit aussi d’envoyer, quand la situation sanitaire le permettra, une mission sur place, dans le cadre d’un mécanisme de surveillance du respect des droits fondamentaux par les autorités aux frontières lié à l’allocation de fonds européens.

      Le ministère croate de l’Intérieur a, de son côté, immédiatement démenti ces accusations, en ajoutant cependant qu’une enquête serait ouverte.

      Des milliers de migrants empruntent chaque année la « route des Balkans » pour essayer de rejoindre l’Europe occidentale. La plupart passent par la Croatie, pays membre de l’UE, le plus souvent en provenance de la Bosnie.


      https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/25354/policiers-croates-accuses-de-violences-contre-des-migrants-l-ue-reclam

    • Croatia: Fresh evidence of police abuse and torture of migrants and asylum-seekers

      In a horrifying escalation of police human rights violations at the Croatian border with Bosnia, a group of migrants and asylum seekers was recently bound, brutally beaten and tortured by officers who mocked their injuries and smeared food on their bleeding heads to humiliate them, Amnesty International has revealed today.

      Amnesty International spoke to six men among a group of 16 Pakistani and Afghan asylum-seekers who were apprehended by the Croatian police on the night between 26 and 27 May near Lake Plitvice, as they tried to cross the country to reach Western Europe.

      Between eight and ten people wearing black uniforms and balaclavas identical to those used by Croatia’s Special Police, fired their weapons in the air, kicked and repeatedly hit the restrained men with metal sticks, batons and pistol grips. They then rubbed ketchup, mayonnaise and sugar that they found in one of the backpacks on migrants’ bleeding heads and hair and their trousers. Amnesty International also spoke to doctors who treated the men and NGOs who witnessed their injuries.

      “The European Union can no longer remain silent and wilfully ignore the violence and abuses by Croatian police on its external borders. Their silence is allowing, and even encouraging, the perpetrators of this abuse to continue without consequences. The European Commission must investigate the latest reports of horrifying police violence against migrants and asylum-seekers.” said Massimo Moratti, Deputy Director of the Europe Office, following the latest incident on the Croatian border.

      Physical and psychological abuse

      Amir from Pakistan told Amnesty: “We were pleading with them to stop and show mercy. We were already tied, unable to move and humiliated; there was no reason to keep hitting us and torturing us.” He said the armed men showed no sympathy. “They were taking photos of us with their phones, and were singing and laughing.” Amir had a broken arm and nose, stiches on the back of his head, and visible bruising all over his face and arms.

      Ten men suffered serious injuries that night. Thirty-year-old Tariq now has both of his arms and a leg in a cast, visible cuts and bruises on his head and face and is suffering from severe chest pain.

      “They did not give us a chance to say anything at all when they caught us. They just started hitting us. While I was lying on the ground, they hit my head with the back of a gun and I started bleeding. I tried to protect my head from the blows, but they started kicking me and hitting my arms with metal sticks. I was passing in and out of consciousness the rest of the night.” Tariq is now forced to use a wheelchair to move around and it will take months before he is able to move on his own again.

      The men told Amnesty International how they felt humiliated as militia rubbed mayonnaise and ketchup on to their bloody heads and faces. One masked man squirted mayonnaise on an asylum-seeker’s trousers between his legs, while others laughed and sang “Happy Birthday” around them.

      After almost five hours of continuous abuse, the migrants were handed over to the Croatian Border Police who transported them close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina in two vans before ordering them to walk. “They were taken aback by our condition. We were drenched in blood and very shook up. We could barely stand, much less walk for hours to Bosnia. But they told us to go. They told us to carry the guys who couldn’t walk and just go.” Faisal told Amnesty.

      Some of the men eventually reached Miral, a reception centre run by the International Organization for Migration in Velika Kladusa in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but five, who were too weak to walk, stayed behind and were eventually picked up by an NGO operating in the camp.

      An emergency doctor at the medical clinic in Velika Kladusa who treated the men told Amnesty International that they all had injuries on the back of their heads which were consistent with a blow by a blunt object and required stiches. Most had multiple fractures, joint injuries, collapsed lungs, cuts and bruises and several were traumatized. Their recovery could take months.

      Routine violent pushbacks and torture by the Croatian police remain unpunished

      While only the latest in the series, the incident points to a new level of brutality and abuse by the Croatian police. In early May, the Guardian reported about a group of men who were forced across the Croatian border after being beaten and having orange crosses spray-painted on their heads. The Croatian Ministry of Interior dismissed the allegations, but the testimonies of violence and intimidation fit the trend of unlawful pushbacks taking place not only on the Croatian, but also on other external borders of the European Union.

      Numerous reports over the past three years have revealed how the Croatian border police routinely assault men, women and teenagers trying to enter the country, destroy their belongings and smash their phones before pushing them back to Bosnia. People are sometimes stripped of their clothes and shoes, and forced to walk for hours through snow and freezing cold rivers.

      A physician in the Velika Kladusa clinic told Amnesty International that approximately 60 per cent of migrants and asylum-seekers who required medical treatment reported that their injuries were inflicted by the Croatian police, while they were trying to cross the border. “Many injuries involve fractures of long bones and joints. These bones take longer to heal and their fractures render the patient incapacitated for extended periods of time. This appears to be a deliberate strategy – to cause injuries and trauma that take time to heal and would make people more reluctant to try to cross the border again or any time soon,” the physician told Amnesty International.

      The Croatian Ministry of Interior has so far dismissed these allegations, refusing to carry out independent and effective investigations into reported abuses or hold its officers to account. In a climate of pervasive impunity, unlawful returns and violence at the border have only escalated. Amnesty International has shared the details of this incident with the Ministry of Interior, but has not received an official response.

      The EU’s failure to hold Croatia to account

      The European Commission has remained silent in the face of multiple, credible reports of gross human rights abuses at the Croatian border and repeated calls by the European Parliament to investigate the allegations. Furthermore, Croatia remains a beneficiary of nearly EURO 7 million of EU assistance for border security, the vast majority of which is spent on infrastructure, equipping border police and even paying police salaries. Even the small proportion (EURO 300,000) that the Commission had earmarked for a mechanism to monitor that the border measures comply with fundamental rights and EU asylum laws, has been no more than a fig leaf. Last year, the Commission recommended Croatia’s full accession to the Schengen Area despite human rights abuses already being commonplace there.

      “The European Commission cannot continue to turn a blind eye to blatant breaches of EU law as people are being branded with crosses on their heads or brutally tortured and humiliated by Croatian police. We expect nothing less than the condemnation of these acts and an independent investigation into reported abuses, as well as the establishment of an effective mechanism to ensure that EU funds are not used to commit torture and unlawful returns. Failing urgent action, Croatia’s inhumane migration practices will turn the EU into an accomplice in major human rights violations taking place at its doorstep,” said Massimo Moratti.

      Violent pushbacks from Croatian border have been a regular occurrence since late 2017. The Danish Refugee Council recorded close to 7,000 cases of forcible deportations and unlawful returns to Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2019, most of which were accompanied by reported violence and intimidation by Croatian police. Despite the brief respite during the lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic, pushbacks continue with 1600 cases reported only in April. The figures are increasing daily, as the restrictions across the region are being lifted and the weather is turning milder.

      Amnesty International has interviewed over 160 people who have been pushed back or returned to Bosnia and Herzegovina since July 2018. Nearly one third reported being beaten, having their documents and telephones stolen, and verbally abused in what appears to be a deliberate policy designed to deter future attempts to enter the country.

      https://www.amnesty.eu/news/croatia-fresh-evidence-of-police-abuse-and-torture-of-migrants-and-asylum-se
      #rapport #Amnesty_international

    • Croatia, police abuse is systemic

      While the world is outraged and protests after George Floyd’s death to denounce institutionalised violence, migrants have been beaten and tortured on the Balkan route for years. A brutal practice often covered up, even by the EU itself.

      George Floyd’s death on May 25th sparked protests around the world against police violence and institutional racism. In the Balkans as elsewhere, sit-ins have been held in support of #BlackLivesMatter , followed by calls to report abuses committed locally by the police. And in the region there is no lack of such abuses. In fact, police violence is routine on the “Balkan route”, the flow of migrants and refugees that has crossed the peninsula since 2015 in the hope of reaching the European Union. The events of the past few weeks have unfortunately confirmed once again the link between police brutality and immigration, bringing us back to the Croatian-Bosnian border. It is a story of systemic abuse, both proven and covered up, which involves a member state of the EU, candidate for accession to the Schengen area and, according to the latest revelations of The Guardian, the European Commission itself.
      Torture in Croatia

      When it comes to police abuse on the Croatian-Bosnian border, one does not really know where to start. The accidents recorded in recent years are so many that we can no longer even speak of “accidents”, or unexpected events. On the contrary, violence is rather a common practice, the only news being the increase in brutality by the agents, who have gone from illegal pushbacks to outright torture.

      “We rarely use the word ’torture’ in Europe, but in this case we had to”, explains Massimo Moratti, deputy director of the Europe office of Amnesty International (AI). Last week, AI published yet another report of the mistreatment of migrants by the Croatian police along the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mistreatment is an understatement. The testimonies collected no longer speak of broken mobile phones, or – as has happened more recently – destroyed with a screwdriver to prevent recharging, but instead contain “actual sadism”, as Moratti puts it.

      The case in question is that of 16 Pakistani and Afghan asylum seekers arrested by the Croatian police near the Plitvice lakes between May 26th and 27th. Their testimony is chilling. “We asked them to stop and show mercy. We were already tied up, there was no reason to continue hitting and torturing us", Amir told Amnesty International. Singing and filming on mobile phones, the agents continued to beat the 16 unfortunate men hard, finally smearing their wounds with ketchup and mayonnaise found in the backpack of one of the migrants. Eventually, the group was brought back to the border and forced to walk to Bosnia. Those who were unable to walk, because they are now in a wheelchair, had to be transported by others.

      “It is a pattern, a trend. These are the same practices that we have already seen in Hungary in 2015, 2016, and 2017. Dogs, sticks, broken bones... The goal is to intimidate and frighten so that no one tries to cross the border anymore", resumes Massimo Moratti, who adds: “the fractures we saw in the latter case will take months to heal”. The Amnesty International report and the attached photos tell the rest.
      Four years of violence

      How did we get to this? It is useful to make a brief summary of recent years to understand the evolution of violence. First, the “Balkan route” became a media phenomenon in the summer of 2015, when hundreds of thousands of Syrians, Iraqis, and Afghans began to travel up the Balkan peninsula to reach the European Union. At the beginning, the destination of the route was Hungary, then, with the closure of the Hungarian wall, it became Croatia, which leads to Slovenia and then to the Schengen area. In 2015, Croatian policemen showed themselves to be tolerant and benevolent, as reminded by this cover of Jutarnji List .

      In the spring of 2016, the agreement between the EU and Turkey led to the closure of the Balkan route and a change of pace. “The first case of pushback is registered in 2016 on the Serbo-Croatian border. In 2017, we have the first cases of violence", says Antonia Pindulić, legal advisor to the Centre for Peace Studies (CMS) in Zagreb. At the end of 2017, Madina Hussiny, 6, died hit by a train while returning from Croatia to Serbia following the tracks. Together with her family, she had been illegally pushed back by the Croatian policemen.

      In the summer of 2018, the Croatian police fired on a van that carried 29 migrants and refused to stop. Nine people were injured and two minors ended up in hospital in serious conditions. Since then, it has been a crescendo of accidents, especially on the Croatian-Bosnian border, where what remains of the Balkan route passes. Here, the testimonies collected by NGOs speak of beatings, theft, destruction of mobile phones and, as always, illegal pushbacks. Then, the situation has deteriorated up to the torture of the last few weeks. All in the silence of the authorities.
      The silence of the institutions

      How could the Zagreb government not complete an investigation in four years, address the police abuse, punish the guilty? It just didn’t. In fact, Andrej Plenković’s government has just “denied everything” for four years, while “no investigation has produced results”, as Antonia Pindulić of CMS summarises. And this despite the fact that there have been complaints from NGOs and also the actions of the institutions themselves in Croatia.

      “In 2019, a group of policement wrote an anonymous letter to the Croatian Ombudswoman asking to be protected from having to carry out illegal orders”, recalls Pindulić. The agents then revealed the pushback technique: GPS off, communications only on Whatsapp or Viber, no official report. Also in 2019, then President Kolinda Grabar Kitarović had let slip , during an interview on Swiss television, that “of course, a little strength is needed when making pushbacks”. Later, she said she had been misunderstood.

      After dozens of complaints have fallen on deaf ears and after in 2018 the Ombudswoman, in her investigations, had been denied access to video surveillance videos with the excuse that they were lost, the CMS decided a couple of weeks ago to file a complaint “against unknown police officers” guilty of “degrading treatment and torture against 33 people” and “violent and illegal expulsion [of these people, ed.] from the territory of the Republic of Croatia to Bosnia and Herzegovina”. “We hope that the prosecutor will open an investigation and that people who have violated the law are identified. But since the institutions themselves have violated the law for four years, I don’t know what we can expect”, says Antonia Pindulić.

      The complaint filed brings together four cases, all of which occurred at the beginning of May 2020. “We suspect that the cases are linked to each other, as all the migrants and refugees involved have reported beatings, theft of their belongings, being stripped and, above all, having a cross drawn on their head with orange spray”, says Antonia Pindulić. This very detail had brought the story on the Guardian and sparked controversy in Croatia.
      Towards a turning point?

      In their brutality, the cases seem to repeat themselves without any change in sight. But the Croatian government may soon be forced to answer for what appears to be institutionalised violence. Not only the legal action taken by the CMS “could likely end in Strasbourg”, as Massimo Moratti of Amnesty International speculates, but a lawsuit filed by three Syrian refugees against Croatia reached the European Court of Human Rights at the end of the May . And last week, after the publication of the AI ​​report, the European Commission announced that an observation mission will be sent to Croatia.

      And there is more. This week, the Guardian also revealed that communications between officials of the European Commission show how the European body “covered up Croatia’s failure to protect migrants from brutality on the border”. In question are the European funding received from Zagreb for border security: 7 million Euros, of which 300,000 for the implementation of an independent control mechanism that should have supervised the work of the police. Not only has the mechanism never been implemented, but there have been contradictory communications in this regard, with the Commission declaring that UNHCR was part of the mechanism and the latter publicly denying at the end of 2019 .

      In short, although Brussels allocated a (small) budget for the control of the brutality of Croatian agents, the mechanism that was to be activated with those funds was never created. And the Commission is aware of this. How long, then, will the Plenković government manage to hide its system of violence on the Bosnian border?

      https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Croatia/Croatia-police-abuse-is-systemic-202952

      #violence_systémique

    • Croatia: Police brutality in migrant pushback operations must be investigated and sanctioned – UN Special Rapporteurs

      Croatia must immediately investigate reports of excessive use of force by law enforcement personnel against migrants, including acts amounting to torture and ill-treatment, and sanction those responsible, UN human rights experts said today.

      “We are deeply concerned about the repeated and ongoing disproportionate use of force by Croatian police against migrants in pushback operations. Victims, including children, suffered physical abuse and humiliation simply because of their migration status,” Felipe González Morales, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, and Nils Melzer, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, said in a joint statement.

      They said physical violence and degrading treatment against migrants have been reported in more than 60 percent of all recorded pushback cases from Croatia between January and May 2020, and recent reports indicate the number of forced returns is rising.

      Abusive treatment of migrants has included physical beatings, the use of electric shocks, forced river crossings and stripping of clothes despite adverse weather conditions, forced stress positions, gender insensitive body searches and spray-painting the heads of migrants with crosses.

      “The violent pushback of migrants without going through any official procedure, individual assessment or other due process safeguards constitutes a violation of the prohibition of collective expulsions and the principle of non-refoulement,” González Morales said.

      “Such treatment appears specifically designed to subject migrants to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment as prohibited under international law. Croatia must investigate all reported cases of violence against migrants, hold the perpetrators and their superiors accountable and provide compensation for victims,” Melzer added.

      The UN Special Rapporteurs are also concerned that in several cases, Croatian police officers reportedly ignored requests from migrants to seek asylum or other protection under international human rights and refugee law.

      “Croatia must ensure that all border management measures, including those aimed at addressing irregular migration, are in line with international human rights law and standards, particularly, non-discrimination, the prohibition of torture and ill-treatment, the principle of non-refoulement and the prohibition of arbitrary or collective expulsions,” they said.

      During his official visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina in September 2019, González Morales received information on violent pushback of migrants by Croatian police to Bosnia and Herzegovina. He has exchanged views with relevant Croatian authorities on this issue on several occasions. Already during his official visit to Serbia and Kosovo* in 2017, Melzer had received similar information from migrants reporting violent ill-treatment during pushback operations by the Croatian police.

      * All references to Kosovo should be understood to be in compliance with Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

      https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25976&LangID=E

      #OHCHR

    • Dva policajca u pritvoru u Karlovcu zbog ozljeđivanja migranta - protiv njih pokrenut i disciplinski postupak

      Zbog sumnje u počinjenje kaznenih djela obojica su, uz kaznenu prijavu, dovedeni pritvorskom nadzorniku Policijske uprave karlovačke. Također, obojica su udaljeni iz službe, odgovoreno je na upit KAportala

      Dva policajca PU karlovačke nalaze se u pritvoru i to zbog sumnje u ozljeđivanje ilegalnog migranta, stranog državljanina.

      Na naš upit iz policije su nam rekli da je u četvrtak, 11. lipnja, u večernjim satima, tijekom utvrđivanja okolnosti nezakonitog ulaska u Republiku Hrvatsku, u policijsku postaju Slunj doveden strani državljanin na kojem su policijski službenici uočili da je ozlijeđen.

      https://kaportal.net.hr/aktualno/vijesti/crna-kronika/3836334/dva-policajca-u-karlovackom-pritvoru-zbog-ozljedjivanja-migranta-protiv

      Commentaire reçu via la mailing-list Inicijativa Dobrodosli, mail du 23.06.2020

      two police officers were arrested this week for injuring migrants. This is a big step for the Ministry of the Interior, but small for all cases that have not yet been investigated. However, it is important to emphasize that the violence we are witnessing is not the result of isolated incidents, but of systemic violence for which those who issue and those who carry out these illegal orders should be prosecuted.

  • IBM quits facial-recognition market over police racial-profiling concerns
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jun/09/ibm-quits-facial-recognition-market-over-law-enforcement-concerns

    CEO writes to US Congress calling for ‘national dialogue’ about use in law enforcement IBM is pulling out of the facial recognition market and is calling for “a national dialogue” on the technology’s use in law enforcement. The abrupt about-face comes as technology companies are facing increased scrutiny over their contracts with police amid violent crackdowns on peaceful protest across America. In a public letter to Congress, IBM chief executive, Arvind Krishna, explained the company’s (...)

    #Liberty #Amnesty #ACLU #surveillance #discrimination #vidéo-surveillance #reconnaissance #police #facial #racisme #biométrie #CCTV #sonnette #Ring #Rekognition #algorithme #AmazonWebServices-AWS #Amazon #MetropolitanPolice (...)

    ##IBM
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/07f6ce392c3fa5024b2b80d6a2ce115c8c88b51b/0_0_3500_2100/master/3500.jpg

  • Pas Normal ?!
    https://stopethnicprofiling.be/fr

    Le profilage ethnique se caractérise par le fait que la police a recours lors d’une interpellation ou arrestation, à des éléments se fondant sur l’aspect extérieur plutôt que le comportement. Des stéréotypes négatifs ou hypothèses concernant l’origine ethnique, la couleur de peau, la nationalité ou religion servent alors de prétexte à un contrôle, une fouille ou une arrestation au lieu de se référer à des éléments objectifs et justifiables. “un jour, il y a eu un contrôle anti-drogue à l’école. Le chien ne (...)

    #profiling #discrimination #racisme #police #LDH-Belgique #Amnesty

  • Niet Normaal ?!
    https://stopethnicprofiling.be/nl

    Etnisch profileren gebeurt wanneer de politie je stopt om hoe je eruitziet, en niet om wat je hebt gedaan. Negatieve stereotypen of veronderstellingen over je etniciteit, huidskleur, nationaliteit of religie zijn dan de aanleiding om je te controleren, te fouilleren of aan te houden, in plaats van een objectieve en redelijke rechtvaardiging. “Er was eens een drugscontrole op school, met drugshonden. De hond was niet bij mij gestopt, maar toch hebben ze mij eruit gepikt. Ze zeiden : je zag (...)

    #LDH-Belgique #Amnesty #profiling #discrimination #racisme #police

  • Que penser des mesures de traçage du coronavirus proposées en Belgique ?
    https://www.amnesty.be/infos/blogs/blog-philippe-hensmans/article/penser-mesures-tracage-coronavirus-proposees-belgique

    À l’heure d’écrire ce document, deux propositions de loi sont en discussion au Parlement belge : l’un concerne l’encadrement nécessaire pour le lancement d’une application destinée aux smartphones, l’autre vise à créer une base de données nécessaire (? [1]) à la mise en place de centres de contacts permettant d’avertir les personnes ayant rencontré des personnes porteuses du virus des risques qu’elles courent, et de leur donner des conseils à suivre. SI ces centres n’arrivent pas à contacter par téléphone (...)

    #AutoritédeProtectiondesDonnées-Belgique #LDH-Belgique #Amnesty #fraude #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #santé #BigData #consentement #technologisme (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##santé ##contactTracing ##consommation ##anonymat ##smartphone ##algorithme

  • How TikTok opened a window into China’s police state
    https://www.codastory.com/authoritarian-tech/tiktok-uyghur-china

    Uyghurs are gaming TikTok’s algorithm to find a loophole in Xinjiangs’s information lockdown Every evening after getting back from his studies, Alip Erkin sits at home in Sydney, Australia, and opens up the video-sharing app TikTok on his Android phone. He’s looking for something in particular : videos from Xinjiang in northwest China, which he left for the last time in 2012. Since then, Xinjiang has been rapidly transformed into a vast police state, where Uyghurs, the mostly Muslim ethnic (...)

    #TikTok #algorithme #CCTV #vidéo-surveillance #Islam #SocialNetwork #surveillance #ByteDance #Amnesty (...)

    ##TheGreatFirewallofChina

  • Where Do Many Police Departments Train? In Israel
    https://www.amnestyusa.org/with-whom-are-many-u-s-police-departments-training-with-a-chronic-human-

    When the U.S. Department of Justice published a report Aug. 10 that documented “widespread constitutional violations, discriminatory enforcement, and culture of retaliation” within the Baltimore Police Department (BPD), there was rightly a general reaction of outrage.

    But what hasn’t received as much attention is where Baltimore police received training on crowd control, use of force and surveillance: Israel’s national police, military and intelligence services.

    Baltimore law enforcement officials, along with hundreds of others from Florida, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, California, Arizona, Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Georgia, Washington state as well as the DC Capitol police have all traveled to Israel for training. Thousands of others have received training from Israeli officials here in the U.S.

    #usa #israel #racisme (via angry arab)

  • Au Qatar, « énorme » faille dans l’appli de pistage anti-COVID, selon Amnesty
    https://www.latribune.fr/technos-medias/au-qatar-enorme-faille-dans-l-appli-de-pistage-anti-covid-selon-amnesty-84

    Les données personnelles de plus de 1 million d’utilisateurs ont été rendues vulnérables, dont le numéro de leur carte d’identité, leur géolocalisation ainsi que leur statut médical (malade, sain, ou autre) par rapport au nouveau coronavirus. Une faille de sécurité dans l’application qatarie de traçage des personnes infectées par le nouveau coronavirus, dont l’utilisation est obligatoire dans ce petit émirat gazier, a exposé les données personnelles de plus d’un million d’utilisateurs aux cyberattaques, (...)

    #COVID-19 #BigData #algorithme #consentement #technologisme #contactTracing #smartphone #QRcode #hacking #santé #bug #géolocalisation (...)

    ##santé ##Amnesty

  • Qatar : Contact tracing app security flaw exposed sensitive personal details of more than one million
    https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/05/qatar-covid19-contact-tracing-app-security-flaw

    Serious security vulnerabilities in Qatar’s mandatory contact tracing app, uncovered by Amnesty International, must act as a wake-up call for governments rolling-out COVID-19 apps to ensure privacy safeguards are central to the technology. An investigation by Amnesty’s Security Lab discovered the critical weakness in the configuration of Qatar’s EHTERAZ contact tracing app. Now fixed, the vulnerability would have allowed cyber attackers to access highly sensitive personal information, (...)

    #algorithme #QRcode #smartphone #contactTracing #géolocalisation #technologisme #consentement #BigData #COVID-19 #hacking #santé #bug (...)

    ##santé ##Amnesty

  • New Study Shows Scale of Abuse Against Women on Twitter
    https://time.com/5482390/twitter-online-abuse-women-amnesty-international-study

    Amnesty International has released a study detailing the scale of threats made against women on Twitter, calling the social media platform “a toxic place” in what it claims is the “world’s biggest dataset of online abuse targeting women.” In partnership with Element AI, an artificial intelligence software company, a so-called “Troll Patrol” group of 6,500 volunteers from more than 150 countries helped analyze millions of tweets for Amnesty’s large-scale survey, released Tuesday. The tweets (...)

    #Twitter #sexisme #discrimination #femmes #harcèlement #SocialNetwork #Amnesty

  • Applications de traçage des contacts : un test pour le droit à la vie privée en Europe
    https://www.amnesty.be/infos/blogs/blog-paroles-chercheurs-defenseurs-victimes/article/applications-tracage-contacts-test-droit-privee-europe

    Alors qu’un tiers de la population mondiale vit confinée dans le but d’endiguer la propagation du coronavirus COVID-19, les gouvernements explorent des solutions technologiques [3] qui permettraient d’alléger les restrictions imposées aux déplacements. Les applications de traçage des contacts [4] sont l’outil high-tech du moment, mais sans contrôle adéquat, elles pourraient bien changer radicalement l’avenir de notre vie privée et d’autres droits humains. Dans la lutte contre la pandémie, ne laissons (...)

    #Apple #Google #algorithme #smartphone #contactTracing #technologisme #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #BigData #métadonnées #COVID-19 #santé (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##santé ##Amnesty

  • Pratiques policières pendant le confinement : Amnesty International dénonce des cas de violations des droits humains - Amnesty International France
    https://www.amnesty.fr/presse/des-usages-de-la-force-illegaux-pendant-le-confinement

    Amnesty International a authentifié quinze vidéos d’usage illégal de la force et/ou de propos discriminatoires de la part des forces de l’ordre dans quatorze villes de #France, pendant la période de #confinement du 18 mars à la nuit du 24 au 25 avril. Toutes ces vidéos illustrent des cas de violations du droit international relatif aux droits humains : usage illégitime, excessif ou non nécessaire de la force, insultes racistes ou homophobes. Ce travail de recherche a été réalisé avec la plateforme « Evidence Lab » d’Amnesty International, permettant des enquêtes pointues sur les droits humains au moyen de ressources en libre accès.

    #violences_policières

  • Une journaliste russe menacée de mort pour son article sur le COVID-19 - Amnesty International Belgique
    https://www.amnesty.be/veux-agir/agir-ligne/petitions/article/journaliste-russe-menacee-mort-article-covid?s=2020-0056%3A41936284-0dd1763e

    Le 13 avril dernier, le dirigeant de la Tchétchénie Ramzan Kadyrov a publié sur Instagram une vidéo dans laquelle il profère une menace de mort à l’encontre de la journaliste russe Elena Milashina. Cela faisait suite à la publication d’un article sur la propagation du COVID-19 en Tchétchénie. En ces temps confus, la liberté de la presse, la liberté d’expression et d’information sont des droits fondamentaux et inaliénables qui doivent être protégés. Journaliste menacée à mort Le 12 avril dernier, le (...)

    #journalisme #violence #COVID-19 #santé #surveillance #Amnesty

    ##santé

  • Au Cambodge, un état d’urgence liberticide sous couvert de lutte contre le Covid-19 - Mediapart
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/180420/au-cambodge-un-etat-d-urgence-liberticide-sous-couvert-de-lutte-contre-le-

    Les sénateurs cambodgiens ont adopté vendredi 17 avril une loi permettant d’appliquer l’état d’urgence dans le pays. Au prétexte de lutter contre la propagation de la pandémie, c’est une véritable machine à broyer les derniers bastions de dissidence qui pourra désormais être mise en place. Phnom Penh (Cambodge), correspondance.– Ce ne fut qu’une formalité. Vendredi 17 avril, les sénateurs cambodgiens ont adopté à l’unanimité la loi sur l’état d’urgence lors d’une session extraordinaire, au lendemain du (...)

    #journalisme #activisme #censure #surveillance #santé #écoutes #COVID-19 #Amnesty

    ##santé