• Palestinian tribes in #Hebron asked to help stem the spike in COVID-19 cases
    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/07/hebron-covid19-westbank-palestine-cases.html

    Nayef Hashlamoun considers himself a true believer in nonviolence. He worked with Palestine’s leading nonviolent leader, Mubarak Awad, during the period preceding the first intifada, and he later initiated the Watan Center for Culture in his hometown of Hebron. Hashlamoun told Al-Monitor that he credits what he learned about nonviolence in his latest effort to lead and encourage Hebronites to avoid public gatherings as a way to stem the sudden spike in the spread of the coronavirus in the Hebron district.

    The Palestinian Ministry of Health had announced July 4 that 2,576 out of the 4,013 Palestinians who had tested positive for the coronavirus come from the Hebron district. During the same period, nine out of the 16 deaths from the coronavirus also came from Hebron. Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh sent four Cabinet ministers to Hebron to assess the situation.

    #israël #Palestine #colonisation #annexion

  • After settlers establish outpost, Israeli army blocks road to Palestinians - +972 Magazine
    https://www.972mag.com/settlement-outpost-dirt-mound-israel-army

    A few days before July 1, the date the Israeli government had initially pledged to begin advancing formal annexation of the occupied West Bank, Israeli settlers established a new outpost on land near the Palestinian town of Asira a-Shamaliya, just north of Nablus. The outpost, which currently consists of two caravans and an animal shed, was set up near agricultural terraces belonging to Palestinian farmers.

    #israël #palestine #annexion

  • Palestinians are building a village on their land. Armed settlers from an illegal outpost are sabotaging them - Israel News - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-settlers-are-violently-sabotaging-the-dream-of-a-new-pale

    A farmers organization from the Jericho area is building a village in Palestinian-controlled Area A. Local settlers attack the construction workers almost daily, but the entrepreneur believes his group will triumph

    #israël #palestine #annexion

  • Waiting for Annexation - The American Prospect
    https://prospect.org/world/waiting-for-annexation-israel-palestine

    It was an ordinary day for Palestinians under Israel’s rule. Ordinary, in the sense that the many ways that Israel oppresses Palestinians continued as usual, be it through military orders, court rulings, or direct state violence.

    July 1 was the earliest launch date for Israel’s de jure annexation of parts of the occupied West Bank. Yet it was also a day that Israel simply continued doing what it pleases to Palestinians throughout the territory: Its infrastructure of oppression has already been in place for decades. But one thing is both certain and fixed: how oppressive, demeaning, and brutal this reality is.

    #israël #palestine #annexion

  • Pourquoi les alliés d’Israël sont-ils subitement préoccupés par sa dernière annexion ?
    Par Joseph Massad 13 juillet 2020 – Source : Middle East Eye – Traduction : MR pour ISM
    http://www.ism-france.org/analyses/Pourquoi-les-allies-d-Israel-sont-ils-subitement-preoccupes-par-sa-derni

    (...) Au total, plutôt que de prendre 55 % de la Palestine, les sionistes en ont pris plus de 78 %. Cela a posé un problème lorsqu’Israël a présenté une demande d’adhésion à l’ONU au premier anniversaire de la résolution 181, alors qu’il occupait encore des territoires palestiniens et de l’ONU.

    Le Conseil de sécurité a examiné la demande et a adopté la résolution 69 en mars 1949, recommandant à l’Assemblée générale d’admettre Israël en tant qu’État « épris de paix ». Le vote a été favorable à 9 contre 1, l’Égypte s’y opposant. Le Royaume-Uni s’est abstenu, comme il l’avait fait pour la résolution 181 en 1947.

    Refus d’indemniser les réfugiés

    L’Assemblée générale était réticente à admettre Israël tant qu’il ne répondait pas aux questions des États membres sur ses violations de deux résolutions de l’ONU. Il s’agissait du refus d’Israël de déclarer des frontières officielles, de son occupation de la moitié du territoire alloué à l’État palestinien, de son occupation de Jérusalem-Ouest et de son refus de permettre aux réfugiés palestiniens de retourner dans leurs foyers à l’intérieur du territoire sur lequel Israël s’est établi, ainsi que de son refus d’indemniser ces réfugiés pour les biens perdus, comme le stipule la résolution 194, adoptée le 11 décembre 1948.

    La résolution 194 a également établi la Commission de conciliation des Nations unies pour la Palestine, qui négociait à cette époque avec Israël sur la délimitation de ses frontières.

    L’ambassadeur d’Israël, Abba Eban, né en Afrique du Sud, a répondu à ces questions le 5 mai 1949. Il a assuré à l’Assemblée générale que la question des frontières pouvait être résolue par « un processus d’ajustement pacifique des dispositions territoriales prévues » dans la résolution 181, et que « l’ajustement devrait être effectué non par des modifications arbitraires imposées de l’extérieur, mais par des accords librement négociés par les gouvernements concernés ».

    En outre, Eban a insisté sur le fait que le « problème des réfugiés » ne pouvait pas être réglé avant que la question des frontières ne soit réglée par des négociations séparées avec chaque État arabe, et qu’Israël ne pourrait pas négocier efficacement sans devenir d’abord membre de l’ONU. (...)

  • Les dirigeants sud-américains (Dilma Rousseff, Lula da Silva, Evo Morales, José Mujica, Rafael Correa) soutiennent l’appel à des sanctions contre Israël
    Palestinian BDS National Committee (BNC), le 3 juillet 2020
    https://www.aurdip.org/les-dirigeants-sud-americains.html

    La version originale qui permet de voir la liste complète de politiciens mais aussi d’artistes (comme Caetano Veloso et Chico Buarque) :
    https://www.laligaporlosddh.com/post/contra-la-anexi%C3%B3n-de-cisjordania

    #Palestine #annexion #Amérique_du_Sud

  • Même si, sous l’effet des pressions, Netanyahou fait mine de renoncer à l’annexion formelle, l’annexion effective continue à vive allure :

    Les démolitions de maisons s’envolent en prévision de l’annexion
    Maureen Clare Murphy, The Electronic Intifada, le 7 juillet 2020
    https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2020/07/08/les-demolitions-de-maisons-senvolent-en-prevision-de-lannexion
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCs6jp_hZ0I

    #Palestine #annexion #destruction #racisme

  • Israel annexation plan: Jordan’s existential threat | Middle East Eye

    https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/israel-annexation-why-jordan-problem-too

    http://www.middleeasteye.net/sites/default/files/images-story/king+abdullah%20ii%202020%20%28Yousef%20Allan%3AJordanian%20Royal%20P

    More than any other Arab state, Jordan’s past, present and future are inextricably linked to the question of Palestine. Jordan’s emergence is an outcome of British imperialism, which imposed the infamous Balfour Declaration and the Zionist settler-colonial project on the indigenous population of Palestine and the region.

    Settler-colonialism is the essence of the question of Palestine. All else is derivative. Jordan emerged out of this historical reality, and therefore, its present and future will always be subject to it.

    #israël #palestine #jordanie #annexion

  • L’anti-impérialisme en France aujourd’hui :
    La gogôche « radicale » aux abonnés absents Jean-Pierre Garnier
    http://www.librairie-tropiques.fr/2020/07/la-gogoche-radicale-aux-abonnes-absents.html

    Il fut un temps où nos intellos «  degauche  », soit l’élite de la petite bourgeoisie intellectuelle — alias la « classe moyenne éduquée » — soutenaient sans faillir, ne serait-ce que verbalement, les luttes de libération menées par les peuples contre le colonialisme et l’impérialisme qui les opprimaient. Or, ce n’est plus le cas aujourd’hui. Depuis la fin du siècle dernier, la majorité d’entre eux font écho, quand ils ne se taisent pas, à la propagande « occidentale » contre les « régimes » décrétés incompatibles avec le respect de la démocratie et des droits de l’homme. Comme par hasard, tous ceux qui font obstacle à l’hégémonie d’une bourgeoisie devenue transnationale.

    Cela a commencé avec le démembrement programmé de la Yougoslavie où des « penseurs critiques » parmi les plus en vue dans le landerneau universitaire où ils achevaient de rompre avec le gauchisme qu’ils avaient professé naguère, discernaient en Slobodan Milosevic le « Hitler des Balkans ». Cela continua avec les interventions militaires successives, directes ou par djihadistes interposés, pour « reconfigurer le Moyen Orient », menées par la coalition États-Unis-Grande-Bretagne-France, avec l’aide des pétromonarchies vassalisées de la région. Les bombardements et massacres en tout genre de populations civiles auxquels ont donné lieu ces opérations menées sous la bannière du « devoir d’ingérence » n’ont pas suscité d’indignation et encore moins de mobilisations parmi nos diplômés ès causes humanitaires. Et que dire de la contre offensive étasunienne visant des gouvernements « démocratiquement élus » au Brésil, en Équateur, en Bolivie ou au Venezuela qui tentaient d’améliorer vaille que vaille le sort des classes populaires en desserrant l’étreinte du voisin du nord qui fait depuis des lustres de l’Amérique latine son « arrière-cour » ? A t-on vu nos vaillants marxistes de la chaire et autres rebelles de confort s’élever contre les manœuvres, les chantages, les blocus et tentatives de renversement voire d’assassinat opérés pour se débarrasser de ces gêneurs qu’étaient Lula da Silva, Rafael Correa, Evo Morales ou, aujourd’hui encore, Nicolás Maduro ?

    Tous ces sachants s’étaient voulus « Charlie » en 2015 à la suite des attentats terroristes contre le journal du même nom, défilant sagement au sein une énorme manifestation sponsorisée par un État qui, avec d’autres au même moment, apportait son appui aux djihadistes qui mettaient la Syrie à feu et à sang, pour en finir avec un « régime » dont le dirigeant «  ne méritait d’être sur terre  », selon Laurent Fabius, ministre des Affaires étrangères du gouvernement sociétal-libéral cornaqué par François Hollande, et qui trouvait de ce fait que Al Nosra faisait « du bon boulot » . Et voilà maintenant que le régime sioniste peut poursuivre ses exactions sans que les autres États du monde ne prennent la moindre mesure pour en bloquer le cours, avec le silence de ces porte-voix de la France « degôche », qui vaut approbation tacite. L’annexion de la Palestine passera simplement d’une situation de fait à une normalisation qui permettra au système d’apartheid israélien d’étendre encore ses frontières et réduire l’archipel palestinien déjà ghettoïsé à la portion congrue. Après quelques semaines de turbulences, les choses rentreront dans l’indifférence habituelle puis l’oubli, la période estivale tombant à point nommé. Nos petits bourgeois titrés seront alors sur les plages ou dans leurs résidences secondaires, attendant la rentrée pour déverser à nouveau leur logorrhée érudite sur les « nouveaux possibles ouverts à l’émancipation » par la coalition rosâtre-verdâtre sortie victorieuse des municipales, annonciatrice de « Lundis matins »[1] qui chanteront au rythme de la préparation de la présidentielle de 2022. Dans quel type de combat vont-ils donc s’engager d’ici là, mis à part la signature d’« appels » aussi grandiloquents que dérisoires pour que le « jour d’après » non plus la pandémie, mais la prochaine échéance électorale, ne ressemble pas à ceux qui ont précédé ?

    On en aura déjà une petite idée à la lecture d’une tribune collective — une de plus ! — d’intello hexagonaux de haut rang, incendiaire voire menaçante, publiée dans L’ImMonde , sitôt connue la victoire du Rassemblement national aux municipale à Perpignan. Cette tribune n’a rien à voir a priori, et a posteriori non plus, avec le contexte géopolitique actuel marqué plus que jamais par les initiatives mortifères de l’impérialisme hors de l’hexagone et, en particulier au Moyen Orient, avec le concours actif, dans ce dernier cas, de l’État sioniste. Mais c’est précisément ce contraste entre, d’une part, la non intervention, si l’on peut dire, persistante des membres de notre caste d’humanistes mondains, dans les affaires du monde, et, d’autre part, le raffut auquel un échantillon représentatif de ses membres a cru bon de se livrer à propos d’une affaire interne ne concernant que les Français — et encore seulement une infime minorité d’entre eux — qui est en lui-même significatif.

    À peine le nouveau maire de Perpignan, Louis Aliot, élu, une quarantaine d’intellectuels de haute volée labélisés « degôche » — encore que nombre d’entre eux eussent voté Macron à la présidentielle de 2017 pour, comme de coutume, « faire barrage à… » — se sont précipités pour fustiger par avance sa mainmise sur un centre d’art au nom emblématique pour les gens dotés d’une culture progressiste conséquente : Walter Benjamin. La célérité extrême de leur réaction collective — l’article, en date du mercredi 1er juillet et paru à la mi-journée du jour précédent, a été sans doute rédigé dès le lendemain des élections voire peut-être avant —, laisse soupçonner que ses rédacteurs avaient anticipé l’arrivée au pouvoir municipal de l’ex-compagnon de Marine Le Pen. Quoiqu’il en soit, par la violence même de leurs propos, ils laissaient clairement entendre qu’un sacrilège serait en voie d’être commis, et que laisser la nouvelle municipalité gérer cet équipement culturel reviendrait à profaner la mémoire de Walter Benjamin et, au-delà, de toutes les victimes du fascisme. Indignés, les signataires ont en effet découvert, « non sans frémir » [sic], au fil du programme de Louis Aliot, son intention de dédier ce lieu actuellement fermé à « la création et au devoir de mémoire » . Comble d’impudence de la part d’un leader d’extrême droite : il n’aurait pas hésité à évoquer, comme thèmes d’exposition et de conférence, « outre la mémoire juive, les Gitans et l’histoire tragique la Retirada espagnole » des Républicains vaincus par le franquisme. Une double phrase tirée des écrits de Walter Benjamin sert d’intitulé à la tribune et en résume la problématique : « Si l’ennemi triomphe, même les morts ne seront pas en sûreté. Et cet ennemi n’a pas fini de triompher. »

    Bref, nous voilà une fois de plus replongés dans « les heures les plus sombres de notre histoire » !

    Il s’ensuit que l’urgence serait une fois de plus à la « résistance » . Le « No pasarán ! » reprend évidemment du service, et nos insurrectionnels de papier d’appeler à « arracher le nom de Walter Benjamin — pour le mettre en sûreté — des mains de l’extrême droite et de ceux qui réécrivent l’histoire à l’encre des oppresseurs d’hier ». Menaçants, ils promettent même de s’opposer « fermement, et par tous les moyens disponibles » à ce qu’ils considèrent comme une forfaiture : associer le nom d’un intellectuel apatride, pourchassé, exilé, sans argent, drogué et incompris qu’ils se sont choisi comme figure emblématique de la dissidence dont ils se revendiquent, à la réouverture d’un centre d’Art sous la mandature d’un maire appartenant au R.N. « Louis Aliot sera-t-il obligé de débaptiser le centre d’art Walter Benjamin ? » , s’interrogeait peu après un plumitif du journal local, L’Indépendant ? Peu importe, même si ce changement de nom, aussi bien intentionné soit-il, risquerait d’aggraver le cas le Louis Aliot aux yeux de certains de ces furieux qui y verraient une seconde mort, symbolique cette fois-ci, infligée à celui qui se l’était lui-même donnée une première fois non loin de Perpignan, à Port Bou. Car, ce qui est idéologiquement significatif avec cette mobilisation post mortem de quelques notabilités de la pensée critique[2], est qu’un Georges Ibrahim Abdallah, un Marwan Bargouthi ou encore un Julian Assange, emprisonnés jusqu’à ce que mort s’ensuive pour avoir lutté contre l’iniquité de régimes pseudo-démocratiques, n’aient pas bénéficié de pareille attention de la part de nos clercs.

    Que ceux-ci ne se soient pas dressés sans attendre pour exiger leur libération immédiate, alors que ces véritables « combattant de la liberté » sont encore vivants. Il est vrai que, à la différence de Walter Benjamin, ces prisonniers politiques n’ont pas laissé d’œuvres littéraires se prêtant à d’innombrables gloses savantes et donnant lieu à de multiples colloques ou séminaires. Mais la malchance de ces militants engagés en actes et pas seulement en paroles est surtout, semble t-il, de l’avoir fait au mauvais endroit, c’est-à-dire dans le camp du Mal, et au mauvais moment, soit dans une période, historique aux deux sans du terme, où notre intelligentsia a rallié, ouvertement ou non, le camp du Bien tel que le définit l’Occident.

    Le syntagme « intellectuel de gauche » serait-il, dès lors, en passe de devenir une contradiction entre les termes ? C’est du moins la question que l’on s’autorise à poser quand on confronte les prises de positions, toutes tendances idéologiques confondues, qu’adoptent publiquement des individus qui se posent en réfractaires vis-à-vis de la société capitaliste qu’ils dénigrent, à la position objective qu’ils occupent en son sein. Tout se passe, en effet, comme s’ils aimeraient garder (ou acquérir, pour les nouveaux venus) les avantages symboliques que procure la posture critique tout en conservant le train et le mode de vie confortables attachés au statut d’intellectuel professionnel.
     
    Jean-Pierre Garnier.

    [1] Lundi matin : site internet qui sert de bible aux anarchoïdes.
    [2] Mentionner leurs noms serait leur faire une publicité supplémentaire. Les médias mainstream y pourvoient déjà.

    go#Gôche #classe_moyenne #CSP+ #bourgeoisie #bourgeoisie_transnationale #Yougoslavie #Moyen_Orient #devoir_d’ingérence #Brésil #Équateur #Bolivie #Venezuela #Lula_da_Silva #Rafael_Correa #Evo_Morales #Nicolás_Maduro #sociétal-libéral #charlie #Syrie #laurent_fabius #degôche #Palestine #ImMonde #tribune #Perpignan #Louis_Aliot #Walter_Benjamin #Perpignan #Georges_Ibrahim_Abdallah #Marwan_Bargouthi #Julian_Assange #intellectuel_de_gauche

    • Vers un boom immobilier « post-annexion » dans des colonies israéliennes du nord de la Cisjordanie
      https://www.rtbf.be/info/monde/detail_vers-un-boom-immobilier-post-annexion-dans-des-colonies-israeliennes-du-

      Dans la colonie israélienne d’Ariel, Perri Ben Senior n’attend qu’une chose : qu’Israël annexe cette partie du nord de la Cisjordanie occupée, avec pour conséquence espérée une hausse des prix de la pierre, ce qui serait une aubaine pour son agence immobilière.

      Ariel, ses 20.500 habitants, son université et ses centres commerciaux ont été mentionnés ces dernières semaines comme pouvant faire partie d’un premier round d’annexion de l’ensemble des colonies israéliennes et de pans de la Cisjordanie par l’Etat hébreu dans le cadre d’un plan proposé par l’administration américaine.

      Cela fera grimper les prix
      Selon certains observateurs, le gouvernement, qui peut en principe se prononcer depuis mercredi sur ce projet, pourrait chercher à temporiser ou commencer par annexer certaines grandes colonies, comme Ariel.

      Dans son agence immobilière, Perri Ben Senior espère que le Premier ministre, Benjamin Netanyahu, aille de l’avant avec le plan américain. « Cela fera grimper les prix des appartements et des terrains car il y aura plus de demandes », prédit-elle.

      Hausse de la demande

      Ailleurs en Cisjordanie, d’autres agents ont déjà constaté un changement depuis que le sujet de l’annexion monopolise les débats, à peine éclipsé ces derniers mois par la pandémie de nouveau coronavirus.

      Daniel Wach, dont l’agence est située dans la colonie d’Eli, à quelques kilomètres d’Ariel, dit avoir réalisé autant de transactions depuis mai que « ces dernières années ».

      « Ces 10 derniers jours, nous avons vendu six logements dans la colonie d’Alfei Menashe », raconte-t-il à l’AFP. « Ces maisons étaient sur le marché depuis des mois, j’ai donc demandé à nos clients pourquoi ils s’étaient soudainement décidés à acheter. Ils m’ont répondu que c’était par crainte d’une hausse des prix en cas d’annexion », ajoute-t-il.

      « Un endroit normal »
      Si Israël annexe des parties de la Cisjordanie, territoire palestinien qu’il occupe depuis 1967 —, les colons seront considérés par l’Etat hébreu comme des Israéliens à part entière et seront soumis à la loi civile israélienne et non plus militaire comme c’est le cas actuellement.

      « La Judée-Samarie (nom que les autorités israéliennes donnent à la Cisjordanie, NDLR) va devenir un endroit normal », se réjouit M. Wach.

      Et nombreux sont ceux qui estiment qu’Israël, une fois ces terres annexées, ne pourra plus les transférer aux Palestiniens en cas de création d’un Etat à eux, comme prévu par les accords d’Oslo signés en 1993.

      Prix plus accessibles
      Aujourd’hui, « les gens ont peur d’acheter dans les Territoires (palestiniens) parce qu’ils se disent : ’Et si demain on rend les Territoires (aux Palestiniens), qui va nous rembourser ? Qu’est-ce qui va advenir de cette maison que j’ai achetée ?’  », explique Perri Ben Senior.

      Depuis les accords d’Oslo, la population des colonies israéliennes, illégales selon le droit international, a plus que triplé pour dépasser aujourd’hui les 450.000 personnes.

      Outre les colons qui habitent en Cisjordanie pour des raisons idéologiques et religieuses, de nombreux Israéliens ont été attirés par les prix de l’immobilier, beaucoup plus bas qu’en Israël où ils ont flambé ces dernières années.

      Opportunité
      A 12 km d’Alfei Menashe, de l’autre côté de la « Ligne verte » qui sépare d’Israël la Cisjordanie, se trouve la ville de Kfar Saba, où il faut débourser environ 4,5 millions de shekels (1,1 million d’euros) pour une maison de sept pièces sur un terrain de 200 m2, explique M. Wach.

      A Alfei Menashe, un bien similaire coûte environ 2,2 millions de shekels (566.000 euros), soit moitié moins cher.

      « Immédiatement après l’annexion, les prix de l’immobilier bondiront de 10 à 15% dans les colonies. Et dans cinq à sept ans, ils auront augmenté de 30%, pas moins », assure M. Wach.

      Zeev Epstein, promoteur qui a enregistré un nombre record de ventes le mois dernier, partage le même optimisme.

      Le marché va devenir encore plus important
      La décision d’annexer « fera une grande différence », dit celui dont l’entreprise Harei Zahav ("Montagnes dorées" en hébreu) travaille exclusivement dans les implantations israéliennes.

      « Le marché va devenir encore plus important, il faut qu’on se prépare à travailler dur pour saisir cette opportunité », dit-il à l’AFP.

      En attendant que le gouvernement décide ou non d’aller de l’avant vers une annexion, M. Wach s’y voit déjà : « Quand Israël décidera que cet endroit est à nous, la réaction générale sera : ’ah ! Enfin !’ »

      #immobilier #logement #spéculation #annexion #colonies #Palestine #économie #urbanisme #spéculation #finance #politique #israël  #israel #bds #palestine_assassinée #occupation #colonisation #cisjordanie

  • Palestinians are fighting to dismantle apartheid, not just annexation
    If you ask Palestinians in the Jordan Valley how they feel about annexation, many will say that they were already annexed long ago.

    By Salem Barahmeh June 29, 2020 - +972 Magazine
    https://www.972mag.com/jericho-annexation-jordan-valley-apartheid

    The view from my grandparents’ house in Jericho, the city where I grew up, looks on to the mountain ridges of the Jordan Valley that thunder down into the Dead Sea. Over the horizon of those mountains, from a Mediterranean Sea that lies beyond my reach as a resident of the occupied West Bank, would come the most beautiful sunsets. I always wondered if my ancestors, who lived on the same land, enjoyed this view as much as I did.

    My family, the Barahmehs, are one of the indigenous clans of Jericho, their roots in the Jordan Valley going back centuries. Yet from an early age, I — like my father and grandfather — realized that the valley no longer belonged to “us.”

    Shortly after our occupation in 1967, Israel began building settlements like Mitzpe Yericho, Yitav, and Kalia around Jericho and throughout the Jordan Valley, where they have grown and remained to this day. These colonial and expansionist policies did not begin with the Likud or other right-wing parties, but with the Labor Party. Such land theft and annexation have always been a central part of Israel’s institutional identity, cutting across generations of Palestinians. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #annexion #Jericho

  • All eyes on the West Bank as Israel makes fateful decision in its modern history

    ‘I BELIEVE that this would be a historic mistake.” So wrote former Israeli Foreign minister Tzipi Livni last week in an opinion piece in the Washington Post. She was of course talking about the prospective moves by the current Israeli government to begin unilaterally annexing territories in the West Bank, moves that could begin as early as this Wednesday.

    Livni’s misgivings would appear to be shared by many. In a joint letter published last Wednesday, 1080 parliamentarians from 25 European countries expressed their “serious concern” about the plan. More than 240 of the signatories are legislators in Britain, according to the BBC, who on its website said the Israeli embassy in London had declined to comment.

    “We are deeply worried about the precedent this would set for international relations at large,” the letter stated, adding that “acquisition of territory by force has no place in 2020”, while warning of the “commensurate consequences” such a move could spark.

    The letter, part of a wider global expression of concern, was initiated by four other prominent Israeli figures, including Avraham Burg, a former speaker of the Knesset, and Michael Ben-Yair, a former attorney general of Israel.

    Adding to the international appeal for Israel to think again about the plans, the United Nations secretary general, Antonio Guterres reiterated the UN’s own message “that annexation would be not only against international law but it would be a major factor to destabilise the region”.

    Speaking ahead of a high-level UN security council meeting on Wednesday on the Middle East, Guterres said annexation “would undermine what I believe is necessary, which is a two-state solution in which Israelis and the Palestinians can live together in peace, respect each other, and guarantee each other’s security”.

    “I hope that this voice of reason that is not only mine, it is echoing across the world, will be heard by the Israeli authorities and that annexation does not take place on July 1,” the secretary general added.

    For their part, Palestinian officials have threatened to abolish bilateral agreements with Israel if Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu goes ahead with the annexation.

    Senior Palestinian Authority (PA) official Hussein al-Sheikh told The New York Times that the PA was “not a charity” and would not stand idly by while Israel undermined its authority in the West Bank.

    His comments chimed with those of PA leader President Mahmoud Abbas, who in a speech before the Arab Parliament, the legislative body of the Arab League, said that if Israel went forward it would be forced to carry “the responsibilities of an occupier on the civilian population”.

    “Such an illegitimate measure will oblige Israel to assume the responsibilities of occupying power in accordance with the Fourth Geneva Convention,” said Abbas.

    The wording of the convention that Abbas referenced is very clear, stating its objective to protect any person “who, at a given moment and in any manner whatsoever, finds themselves, in case of a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a party to the conflict or occupying power of which they are not nationals”.

    In this case that occupying power would of course be Israel. Other Palestinian officials were quick also to stress how the annexation moves could cause an uptick in violence.

    Nabil Abu Rudeineh, an aide to President Abbas, warned of the dangers of retaliation for such a move, saying “there will be no security and stability without giving the Palestinian people their rights”.

    Perhaps more predictably, the armed wing of the Gaza Strip’s ruling Hamas group said annexation would be considered “a declaration of war on our people”.

    “We will make the enemy bite at its fingers with regret for this decision,” a Hamas spokesman said in a video message.

    It was following a power-sharing deal that led to the formation of the current Israeli government last month that allowed annexation to be put to a vote from July 1.

    In seeking to extend Israeli sovereignty over parts of the West Bank containing Jewish settlements, Netanyahu earlierwon the backing of US President Donald Trump’s administration in January.

    Trump’s version of his so-called Peace to Prosperity plan, allows Israel to keep up to 30% of the West Bank, including the Jordan Valley, as well as all existing Jewish settlements, which most of the world considers illegal.

    Flying in the face of previous US foreign policy, Trump has also slashed aid to Palestinians, severed diplomatic ties and declared all of the city of Jerusalem Israel’s capital, despite Palestinian claims over part of the city.

    Netanyahu’s annexation plans have also been given added urgency because of the impending US presidential election in November. Trump’s potential departure from the White House could scupper what Netanyahu and his supporters see as a “historic opportunity” to extend Israeli sovereignty over the West Bank, even if widely deplored as a violation of an international treaty forbidding annexation of occupied land.

    With the clock ticking down to a US election, Netanyahu might be encouraged to move quickly this week given that Trump is the only US president to have endorsed annexation and there are no guarantees Joe Biden would do the same were he to replace the incumbent US leader in November’s presidential ballot.

    Today more than 400,000 Jewish settlers live inside the West Bank, while another 230,000 others live in East Jerusalem. Alongside them are some three million Palestinians who see the West Bank as the heart of their future state.

    Israel has already annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, two other territories captured in 1967.

    Last month Jordan’s King Abdullah warned that if Israel annexed parts of the West Bank it would lead to a major clash with the kingdom.

    Along with Egypt, Jordan is the only Arab nation to have signed a peace treaty with Israel. But opinion polls in the kingdom have consistently shown that Jordanians overwhelmingly oppose the 1994 treaty that was signed one year after the Oslo peace accords between Israel and the Palestinians.

    Jordan would be “forced to review all aspects of our relations with Israel”, Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz told French news agency AFP recently. The report also cited ordinary Jordanians as saying that Israel’s proposed move poses an “existential threat” for a country where more than half of the 10 million population are of Palestinian origin.

    As tension with Jordan grows, Israeli media reported that Yossi Cohen, chief of Israel’s external security service Mossad, visited Jordan and met with King Abdullah.

    For some time there have been suggestions that there are those within the Israeli political and military hierarchy who have been uneasy about taking unilateral steps on annexation that could influence the future of ties with Amman.

    Reports suggest that Cohen was apparently sent to Jordan directly by Netanyahu (below) and while few details have emerged, the aim of the visit, say some observers, was likely an attempt to reassure the Jordanian monarch.

    Such uneasiness is not confined to Israel’s neighbours, with reports in The Times of Israel that the country’s own security chiefs appear to be at loggerheads over the potential fallout from the annexation moves.

    According to Israel’s Channel 12 news last Thursday and cited by The Times of Israel, the heads of the Israel Defence Forces (IDF), Shin Bet (internal security) and Mossad (external intelligence) took part in a meeting of the high-level security cabinet last week during which ministers had distinctly differing views on the possible ramifications of West Bank annexation.

    Quoting unnamed ministers present at the meeting, the network said IDF chief of staff Aviv Kochavi and military intelligence commander Tamir Hayman warned annexation could spark violent unrest in the West Bank, including shooting attacks on Israeli civilians and soldiers.

    THE military chiefs and their Mossad counterparts were also said to be “at odds” on whether the move will be met with significant Palestinian violence or not. Yossi Cohen was said to be dismissive of IDF concerns and predictions of a violent response by Palestinians.

    “I don’t accept the claim that annexation will necessary lead to violent responses,” Cohen was quoted as saying in the meeting.

    According to Channel 12, two ministers were also reported as admitting that they had not seen such a sharp disagreement between the security services for some time.

    “There seems to be no homogeneity in thinking, intelligence or insights,”

    Channel 12 cited them as saying.

    Some observers suggest that such differences of opinion at both a military and diplomatic level appear to be compounded by the continuing uncertainty over precisely what Netanyahu’s next move might entail next week or beyond.

    For the Israeli leader, a clear green light from Washington is a prerequisite for the start of any annexation process and the signs are that the White House remains cautious. “There is as yet no final decision on the next steps for implementing the Trump plan,” one of the US officials told Reuters news agency on Thursday, referring to the president’s Israeli-Palestinian blueprint that could provide a basis for Netanyahu’s next move.

    Among the main options under US consideration is a gradual process in which Israel would initially declare sovereignty over several settlements close to Jerusalem instead of the 30% of the West Bank envisaged in Netanyahu’s original plan, a source close to the matter is said to have told Reuters.

    The uncertainty has left many senior Israeli diplomats in something of a quandary.

    A few days ago Bloomberg international news agency, citing an Israeli foreign ministry official who asked for anonymity in discussing internal affairs, described how it had “put the nation’s representatives in the uncomfortable position of having to fend off allies peppering them with requests for information”.

    A ministry spokeswoman declined to comment on the remarks, the Bloomberg agency also confirmed.

    As this weekend’s edition of The Economist observed, for the moment July 1 is less a deadline than a starting point over annexation.

    The Israeli leader continues to play his cards close to his chest. The magazine also reported that on June 3 Israeli security officials held a war game manoeuvres in preparation for possible violence, but remained unclear about their own government’s intentions.

    “Annexation? What annexation?” the magazine quoted an Israeli diplomat as asking.

    Even with just days to go, Netanyahu’s government still hasn’t spelled out in public or apparently in private what it intends to do.

    On the one hand Netanyahu could decide to annex large swathes of territory or annex nothing at all. Then again, as many observers now believe, he will most likely do something in between.

    “We’re sort of haphazardly leaping into this,” said Chuck Freilich, a former deputy national security adviser and member of the Commanders for Israel’s Security group, which opposes the move.

    “This isn’t the way you go about one of the most important and consequential decisions in Israel’s history,” Freilich told Bloomberg in an interview, as the clock continues to tick down towards July 1.

    There remains, of course, the unlikely possibility that Netanyahu might reconsider his annexation plans.

    This would not only go down badly with his supporters but also do little to change the reality on the ground for Israelis and Palestinians alike, say Middle East watchers.

    Be it European parliamentarians, diplomats, those Democrats in America who oppose annexation or ordinary Israelis and Palestinian alike, there is much apprehension over how events will unfold in the coming days and weeks.

    “Israel is about to make one of the most fateful decisions in its modern history – a decision that will have a profound impact on its future as a Jewish democratic state and on the prospect for peace,” observed Livni in her Washington Post opinion piece last week, underlining the seriousness of what is at stake.

    Palestinians likewise are under no illusions over what it means for their community. All eyes are on what Benjamin Netanyahu does or doesn’t do next.

    https://www.thenational.scot/news/18547371.eyes-west-bank-israel-makes-fateful-decision-modern-history/?ref=twtrec
    #Cisjordanie #Israël #Palestine #annexion

    ping @reka @nepthys

  • Gantz tells Trump’s envoys: July 1st not a sacred date for annexation
    Gantz met Monday with Special Envoy Avi Berkowitz and Ambassador David Friedman, two days before target date for annexation set by Netanyahu
    Noa Landau | Jun. 29, 2020 | 11:38 AM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-gantz-tell-trump-s-envoys-july-1st-not-a-sacred-date-for-annexatio

    Alternate Prime Minister and Defense Minister Benny Gantz met on Monday with President Donald Trump’s Special Envoy Avi Berkowitz and U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman to discuss the Trump administration’s peace plan.

    According to sources in Gantz’s party, he told them that the target date of July 1st “is not a sacred date.” According to Gantz, before moving forward with annexation, “people must be returned to their jobs and the coronavirus must be dealt with.”

    According to sources, Gantz said in the meeting that Trump’s peace plan “is a historic move that constitutes the right and the best framework for promoting peace in the Middle East.” He added that the plan must move forward together with “the strategic partners in the region and the Palestinians, and reach an outline that benefits all sides proportionally, responsibly and reciprocally.”

    On Friday, Gantz said that Palestinians will have full rights wherever Israeli law is applied.

    “This week I defined several parameters for diplomatic moves made by Israel,” Gantz wrote in a Facebook post. “We will not apply Israeli law in places in which there are many Palestinians or in cases where we would harm their mobility; if there’ll be Palestinian citizens in regions where Israeli law is applied, they will have equal rights.”

    “Preliminary work will be done in both diplomatic and security capacities to ensure we will not harm the country’s safety, as well as our peace agreements and strategic assets,” he added.

    Overnight Sunday, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu presented on the case for Israeli unilateral annexation of settlements in the West Bank in a speech at a virtual conference of the Christians United for Israel organization.

    Speaking about the religious significance of biblical sites in the West Bank, Netanyahu praised Trump for presenting a Middle East plan that allows Israel to annex these territories, which have been under military occupation since 1967.

    The prime minister’s speech comes amid discussions between senior Israeli and American officials regarding unilateral annexation of parts of the West Bank. The Trump administration is expected to give Israel a green light to go ahead with annexation, but the scope and timeline has yet to be determined.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #annexion

    • Annexation will not happen on July 1 - US sources
      Gantz says fighting coronavirus, unemployment higher priority than peace plan; Netanyahu still talking about sovereignty over all settlements and Jordan Valley.
      By LAHAV HARKOV, TOVAH LAZAROFF, GIL HOFFMAN JUNE 29, 2020 22:29
      https://www.jpost.com/breaking-news/gantz-to-berkowitz-coronavirus-more-pressing-than-annexation-633165

      Israel will not take steps to extend its sovereignty in the West Bank this week, multiple American sources with knowledge of the matter told The Jerusalem Post in recent days. US Special Envoy for International Negotiations Avi Berkowitz and Scott Leith of the National Security Council are in Israel to hold meetings with senior Israeli officials.

      The coalition agreement between Likud and Blue and White allows Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to bring sovereignty moves to a vote on Wednesday, July 1, at the earliest. But plans and US approval of them will not be ready by then.

      In a meeting Monday morning, Alternate Prime Minister and Defense Minister Benny Gantz told Berkowitz and Leith he does not see July 1 “as a holy date,” adding that fighting the coronavirus pandemic and bringing down unemployment are higher priorities for him. Gantz reiterated his position at a Blue and White faction meeting.

      Netanyahu, however, told Likud MKs in the Knesset he is conducting discrete talks with the American diplomatic team, and “This issue is not dependent on Blue and White. It is not the relevant authority here.”

      Berkowitz and Leith, the latter of whom is a member of the US-Israel mapping committee that is determining which parts of the West Bank will come under Israeli civil law, met with Netanyahu on Saturday night and plan to meet with Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi on Tuesday.

      Even before the meeting with Gantz, they planned to return to the US without approving specific Israeli action after their meetings for further discussions with Special Adviser to the US President Jared Kushner. US President Donald Trump has not yet weighed in on the matter, as he is currently occupied with domestic issues such as the coronavirus pandemic and ongoing protests across the country, among other concerns. (...)

  • La France vient de prendre la présidence du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU :

    Nous sommes à un tournant dans l’histoire du conflit israélo-palestinien
    INTERVENTION A TITRE NATIONAL DE M. NICOLAS DE RIVIERE REPRESENTANT PERMANENT DE LA FRANCE AUPRES DES NATIONS UNIES AU CONSEIL DE SECURITE, New York, le 24 juin 2020
    https://onu.delegfrance.org/Nous-sommes-a-un-tournant-dans-l-histoire-du-conflit-israelo-palest

    Ces paramètres sont clairs et bien connus : deux Etats, vivant en paix et en sécurité le long de frontières sûres et reconnues, avec Jérusalem comme capitale des deux Etats. Une annexion, quelle qu’en soit le périmètre, serait un pas sans doute irréversible dans la direction inverse : celle de l’Etat unique, qui mettrait un terme aux aspirations nationales des Palestiniens et au projet démocratique israélien.

    Même s’il veut bien faire, le passage en gras est une affirmation raciste, qui reprend le discours de Jean-Yves Le Drian au Sénat :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/863022

    #Palestine #ONU #France #annexion #racisme

  • Débat sur le thème : « Quelle réponse de la France au projet d’annexion de la vallée du Jourdain par l’État d’Israël ? »
    Séance publique du 24 juin 2020 (soir)
    http://videos.senat.fr/video.1678167_5ef3a5e11950c?timecode=1630000

    Orateurs inscrits
    -Mme Christine PRUNAUD, pour le groupe communiste républicain citoyen et écologiste
    1.M. Pierre LAURENT (CRCE)
    2.M. Joël GUERRIAU (Les Indépendants)
    3.M. Olivier CIGOLOTTI (UC)
    4.M. Christian CAMBON (Les Républicains)
    5.M. Gilbert ROGER (SOCR)
    6.M. Yvon COLLIN (RDSE)
    7.M. Bernard CAZEAU (LaREM)
    8.Mme Claudine KAUFFMANN (NI)
    9.M. Pascal ALLIZARD (Les Républicains)
    à 22:41 -M. Jean-Yves LE DRIAN, ministre de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères

    #francediplo

    • Débat au #Sénat « Quelle réponse de la #France au projet d’annexion de la vallée du Jourdain par l’État d’Israël ? »
      Réponse de #Jean-Yves_LE_DRIAN, ministre de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, le 24 juin 2020
      https://videos.senat.fr/video.1678167_5ef3a5e11950c.seance-publique-du-24-juin-2020-soir?timeco

      Le conflit israélo-palestinien est peut-être à un tournant historique. Rappel de la position française sur la paramètre, de la méthode privilégiée : la négociation.

      C’est la position qui a été présentée aux Américains, dont le plan s’écarte du droit international, il ne permettra pas la création d’un Etat palestinien viable, et ne satisfait qu’une seule des parties.

      L’annexion de TPO, quel qu’en soit le périmètre, remettrait en cause de façon grave et irrémédiable les paramètres essentiels au règlement du conflit en remettant en cause :

      –Le cadre du droit international : remise en cause du principe de non acquisition de territoires par la force
      –Les résolutions adoptées par le Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies
      –L’objectif de la solution des 2 Etats : sa continuité, viabilité d’un Etat souverain, restrictions d’accès aux terres agricoles et à l’eau, à la circulation
      –L’annexion rendrait irréversible la présence des colonies et accélèrerait la construction de nouveaux logements dans les colonies où le droit israélien s’appliquerait pleinement. Il y a 650 000 colons (x3 depuis Oslo) dont 220 000 à Jérusalem.
      Elle remettrait en cause le projet national des Israéliens (Etat juif et démocratique). En ancrant dans le droit israélien la réalité de l’Etat unique, choix impossible entre le caractère juif du pays et le caractère démocratique de l’Etat.
      –Elle est dangereuse pour la sécurité de l’Etat israélien, pour la stabilité régionale, la situation dans les camps de réfugiés, et représente un effet d’aubaine pour les groupes terroristes.

      A défaut de pouvoir relancer immédiatement les discussions de paix, l’objectif est de préserver les conditions de négociations futures et la possibilité d’une solution négociée.

      La France coordonne, avec ses partenaires européens et arabes, pour envoyer des messages préventifs et dissuasifs, pour que l’annexion, quelle qu’en soit le périmètre, ne se produise pas, et dans l’hypothèse où les efforts n’aboutiraient pas, nous nous préparons à réagir.

      Une décision d’une telle gravité ne peut pas rester sans réponse, je ne vais pas décliner la totalité de la réponse, mais il importe d’essayer de clarifier :

      –Axe préventif pour dissuader : messages clairs, publiquement et en privé, au niveau national et en coordination avec les partenaires européens. Ils font valoir des avantages que les Israéliens pourraient retirer d’une coopération accrue avec l’UE s’ils renonçaient à l’annexion et s’engageaient dans un processus politique négocié sur la base des paramètres internationaux. Et indiquent qu’ils ne reconnaîtront aucun changement aux lignes de 1967 et ni la souveraineté israélienne sur les territoires annexés. Mobilisation d’une aide conséquente à l’AP et l’UNRWA.
      –Axe dissuasif : Si l’annexion va à son terme, la France et ses partenaires seront contraints d’y opposer des mesures affectant les relations de l’UE et ses Etats membres avec Israël, régies par beaucoup d’accord de coopération, dont l’Accord UE-Israël ; la participation à des programmes d’Israël devra être réexaminée à la lumière du contexte nouveau, et de même en matière commerciale, pour veiller à renforcer le contrôle de l’origine des produits importés au sein de l’UE. Le consensus européen est difficile, mais la règle de l’unanimité ne s’applique pas à tous les accords de coopération.
      –Des mesures à titre national en coordination avec les principaux partenaires européens : introduire dans tous les accords bilatéraux avec Israël des clauses territoriales afin de matérialiser clairement et systématiquement une distinction juridique entre territoire israélien et territoires occupés. Il appartiendra à la France et ses partenaires de mettre en œuvre des contrôles systématiques d’étiquetage différenciée des produits des colonies, une obligation désormais au titre du droit à l’information des consommateurs, confirmée cette année par la CJUE.

      La France se coordonne aussi avec ses partenaires arabes dans la riposte éventuelle.

      Une éventuelle décision d’annexion ne modifierait en rien, au contraire, la détermination ancienne de la France à reconnaître, le moment venu, l’Etat palestinien, dans le cadre et le format appropriés, lorsque cette décision sera utile, rapiement, pour la paix.

      Même s’il veut bien faire, le passage en gras est une affirmation raciste, rien de moins, puisqu’elle suppose qu’un Etat israélien démocratique ne devrait pas comprendre trop de Palestiniens, et il sous entend que ’"les arabes font trop de gosses"...

      #annexion #Palestine #racisme

  • ‘Invented’ Palestinians, ‘indigenous’ Jews: The roots of Israel’s annexation plan, and why the world must stop Netanyahu, before it’s too late
    Victor Kattan | Jun. 9, 2020 | 3:14 PM
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-why-the-world-must-stop-netanyahu-before-it-s-too-late-1.8905737

    What Netanyahu, his Likud party and the Trump administration really think about annexation and the Palestinians – and why they’re totally wrong

    The annexation of as much as 30 percent of the West Bank, including the settlement blocs, and the Jordan Valley, is proceeding apace, with prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu announcing to the Knesset on the day he was sworn in that annexation is the realization of “the justness of our rights in the Land of Israel.”

    But what’s not being asked with sufficient urgency is whether this extension of Israeli law would breach international law.

    Perhaps the answer is considered so obvious that it does not need elaboration. Annexation is strictly prohibited by the UN Charter. A state may not forcibly acquire the territory of another state. What more is there to say?

    Well, if you are a Likudnik, it turns out there is a lot more to say.

    Right-wing maximalists have long argued that only the Jewish people have a right to self-determination – by which they mean statehood – over all the territories between the Jordan river and the Mediterranean.

    The San Remo resolution of 1920, according to their reading of the text, which included the Balfour Declaration, amounted to the “Magna Carta” of the Jewish people, by providing international legitimacy to the extension of Jewish sovereignty over all parts of Palestine, which prior to the 1922 “partition” (or “excision” in their terms) by the double-crossing Lord Balfour, included the territory of Transjordan.

    The Likud school claim that the civil rights of the Arabs in the text of the Balfour Declaration did not include the protection of their political rights because they were objects, not subjects of international law. Only the Jewish people were accorded explicit recognition in the mandate text and therefore they have a superior right to all the land because their claim is better than anyone else’s.

    “The Arabs,” according to those who espouse this view, rejected a fair settlement of the land in the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which instantaneously became a “dead letter.” "The Arabs" subsequently declared war against the Jewish people in 1948, and then again in 1967, which they lost in legitimate wars of self-defense, thereby forfeiting any claim they may have had to the land. The Likudniks further claim the land has been “disputed” ever since (not occupied, it must be stressed).

    The Likudniks assert that the Palestinians have rejected all the “very generous” peace offers extended to them over the years, including most recently, by U.S. President Donald Trump, in his so-called “Deal of the Century,” which describes UN resolutions as indeterminate, and accepts the revisionist view that “Israel has … valid legal and historical claims … which are part of the ancestral homeland of the Jewish people.”

    What is more, Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law, and a key architect of the Deal of the Century, is of the view that the Palestinians are not capable of governing themselves, even though they have been governing large parts of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip for more than 25 years.

    The U.S. government has clarified that those parts of the West Bank over which Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu plans to extend Israel’s laws - where lots of Jewish Israelis live in American-style “neighborhoods” - are “not per se inconsistent with international law.” And for right-wingers in both Israel and the U.S., the annexation of the sparsely populated, but strategic, Jordan Valley, which provides the tiny Jewish state with strategic depth, cannot be compared to other annexations elsewhere in the world.

    They claim that there is no need to consult the Palestinians about the purported annexation because they are just an aggregate of disparate Arabic-speaking peoples that are not deeply rooted to the land, having migrated to Palestine in the late nineteenth century from Egypt and Syria. They are not a nation in the true sense of the word. Only the Jewish people are “indigenous” to the land.

    The “Palestinian people” were “invented” in the 1960s in the Arab war against Israel, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is “an organization of assassins” and not a national liberation movement that aims “to liquidate the State of Israel,” to quote from Likud’s 1977 election manifesto.

    According to a mainstream view in the Likud, there is already a Palestinian state: it’s called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and there is no need to create an additional Palestinian state west of the Jordan river that would pose a mortal threat to the Jewish people. According to this view, a sovereign Palestinian state does not exist and has never existed.

    Therefore, the UN Charter, which only applies to states, is not applicable to this situation. Accordingly, Israel can take the land without the people. As Netanyahu has already made clear, the Palestinians in the areas that will be annexed to Israel will not get Israeli citizenship.

    Netanyahu clearly believes that the time has come to seize the moment to declare victory over the Arabs. For his camp, there will never be a more opportune moment to fulfil the revisionist dream outlined in the Nation State Law, which describes self-determination as being exclusive to the Jewish people in “the Land of Israel.” There will never be a more supportive President in the White House while he is prime minister.

    This is his historic destiny – the moment he has been waiting for – and he must seize it while the world is distracted and divided.

    Netanyahu has a majority in the Knesset to extend Israeli sovereignty to the West Bank, but time is not on his side. He must complete the goal before a new president is installed in the White House on January 20, 2021 and in the meantime, he must ensure that the EU is quiescent. And he may get what he wants, as the EU cannot agree on a common position to oppose the Trump vision, whose ‘plan’ is the guiding star of what will happen in Israel from July 1st.

    It’s depressing enough that the revisionist narrative described above is endorsed by the Likud and the Trump White House, but it appears to have another significant backer: none other than the European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Josep Borell.

    According to a report in Haaretz in May, Borrell was asked whether the annexation of parts of the West Bank would be similar to that of the Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014. Israeli officials expressed much satisfaction Borell’s answer: “There is a difference between annexing territory that belongs to a sovereign state and that of the Palestinians.”

    In other words, Borell appears to accept that a Palestinian state does not exist, in which case, it could be claimed that Article 2(4) UN Charter does not apply. This appears to put Borell in the same camp as Netanyahu and the Trump administration — a view that I am sure to which he would object, being the good social democrat that he is.

    But if Borell was reflecting a wider European view, perhaps the view of his Brussels legal advisers, for example, it may be asked on what basis he or any European official, for that matter, can threaten to impose measures to deter Israel from annexation, such as voicing “public support of proceedings currently underway in the International Criminal Court,” also reported in Haaretz?

    Public support for the proceedings at the International Criminal Court is not going to be enough when the Trump administration is threatening to launch a concerted effort to prevent that court from opening war crimes investigations that could see U.S. and Israeli officials in the dock.

    The time has come for the EU to stand up for what it believes in, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it has a vested interest in doing so. The European continent is home to multiple international dispute settlement bodies, from the Hague to Hamburg, Paris, and Geneva. These must be protected at all costs if the rule of law in international affairs is to have any meaning.

    If the EU believes that Netanyahu is going to “annex” the West Bank, then it must also accept that the territory that will be annexed is already part of a state—a Palestinian state.

    It will be recalled that in November 2012, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 67/19 that accorded Palestine “non-member observer State status in the United Nations.” The resolution was co-sponsored by 70 states (including Palestine) and was carried by 138 votes to 9 against, with 41 abstentions.

    While some of the states that already recognized Palestine voted in favor of the resolution, some new names appeared: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Although some of these states qualified their votes by emphasizing that their votes were given without prejudice to their positions on the recognition of the State of Palestine; others states were very much cognizant that the resolution they voted for gave Palestine plenary powers to behave like a state.

    One of the states that was silent in the vote in 2012 was Sweden. Two years after it voted in favour of the resolution, it recognized the State of Palestine. The government announcement recognizing Palestine referred to a commentary by three Swedish international law professors, including two former Principal Legal Advisors of Public International Law at the Swedish Foreign Ministry, who explained that Sweden must have regarded Palestine as a state when it voted in favor of resolution 67/19.

    They explained that had it not been for Israel’s “illegal occupation,” Palestine would have had effective control over its territory. They emphasized that “Israel has no international legal right that can be violated by the formation of a Palestinian state in the occupied territories or by the recognition of such a state.”

    The Palestinian people, just like the Jewish people, have a right of self-determination. Ever since the UN adopted its Plan of Partition on 29 November 1947, which nine European states voted in favour of (Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Sweden) the right of self-determination has been linked to the establishment of two states in the Holy Land. The Palestinian statehood claim is one that accords with modern international law, longstanding EU policy, and with the fundamental principle that annexation, because of armed conflict, must not be recognised, even if the territory was occupied in a war of self-defense.

    If EU member states want to deter Israel from annexing further parts of the West Bank, they need to go beyond their current tepid rhetoric about “non-recognition,” and recognize that the West Bank forms an integral part of the territory of the State of Palestine – just like Sweden did. If they cannot reach a common position, then a group of likeminded states can recognize Palestine.

    Only then will their statements against annexation be taken seriously by the Palestinians, by the Trump administration, and by the government of Israel.

    Victor Kattan is Senior Research Fellow at the Middle East Institute of the National University of Singapore and an Associate Fellow at the Faculty of Law. Twitter: @VictorKattan

    #annexion #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • 9000 dunums of Jordan Valley agricultural land burnt in Israeli military training
    QudsN June 2, 2020 - Quds News Network
    https://qudsnen.co/9000-dunums-of-jordan-valley-agricultural-land-burnt-in-israeli-military-tra

    Ramallah (QNN)- Israeli military training on Tuesday caused a wide area of agricultural and pastoral land in the Jordan Valley to burn.

    Local sources said Israeli military training caused fire to engulf 9000 dunumns of agricultural land, cultivated for wheat and barley, as well as pastoral land.

    The Israeli use of live ammunition caused fire to burn nearly 180 dunums of agricultural land and 8200 dunums of pastoral land.

    The Jordan Valley has been targeted by the Israelis, displacing hundreds of its native population, in order to grab as much land as possible to annex the area.

    Experts estimated the lands that will be affected by the Israeli annexation plan at 51,000 dunums of agricultural land in addition to 46,000 dunums of the borders with Jordan, and 400 dunums of the valley’s land that was grabbed and has been used by the Israelis as a military training zone.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • » Israeli Troops Confiscate Palestinian-owned Vegetable Stands in Jordan Valley
    June 1, 2020 9:09 PM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-troops-confiscate-palestinian-owned-vegetable-stands-in-jordan-valley

    Israeli troops reportedly removed by force, a number of Palestinian-owned vegetable stands, early on Monday, in the Al-Aghwar area of the Jordan Valley, eastern West Bank.

    Local Palestinian sources in agriculture-rich Ein Albayda’ and Bardala villages of Al-Aghwar, said that an Israeli army force broke into Al-Aghwar and began removing five produce stands, owned by local Palestinians.

    The sources added that such an action was unjustified and that it has caused the owners a great deal of financial losses, as families rely on the income they earn from selling produce.

    Over the past several weeks, Israeli troops have reportedly stepped up their assaults on Palestinian-owned properties in the Al-Aghwar area. Among those properties were green houses and water wells.

    Recently, Israeli leaders have signalled Israel’s intention to annex the Al-Aghwar area, among other areas to the Israeli occupation state.

    The Jordan Valley is considered some of the most fertile agricultural land, providing produce for the Palestinian population.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • “Historic Opportunity”: Israel Reveals Date Of Planned West Bank Annexation | Zero Hedge
    https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/historic-opportunity-israel-reveals-date-planned-west-bank-annexation

    The head of the Governmental Coalition in Israel, Mickey Zohar, revealed that the measures to legislate the process of imposing Israeli sovereignty on all Jewish residential communities in the West Bank will begin in early July.

    The Likud MP said in a radio interview on Tuesday, that the government will approve the draft law on this, and then it will be submitted to the Knesset for approval, expecting that these measures will continue for only a few weeks.

    Representative Zohar announced that the concerned authorities are currently working on mapping in order to reach understandings with the American administration about the areas that Israel will impose their sovereignty over in the West Bank.

    In response to a question about whether the White House would insist on the establishment of a Palestinian state in exchange for the annexation, the head of the government coalition said: “He opposes this demand, expressing his conviction that Israel will not give up the annexation in any case.”

    #palestine

  • Israël sur le point de s’emparer de terres palestiniennes près de la Mosquée d’Ibrahim à Hébron
    Middle East Eye, le 21 avril 2020
    https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2020/04/27/israel-sur-le-point-de-semparer-de-terres-palestiniennes-pres-d

    Le procureur général d’Israël, Avishaï Mandelbit, a approuvé mardi la confiscation de terres palestiniennes autour de la Mosquée d’Ibrahim dans la ville de Hebron, située dans le sud de la Cisjordanie occupée.

    Les media locaux indiquent que l’approbation définitive de ce plan est dans les mains du premier ministre, Benjamin Netanyahou. Le ministre israélien de la défense, Naftali Bennett, a déjà donné le feu vert au plan d’expropriation en décembre.

    #coronavirus #Palestine #annexion #expropriation #le_sens_des_priorités #stratégie_du_choc

    Voir compile des effets délétères indirects de la pandémie :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/832147

  • • RDA, souvenirs de papier
    Un documentaire de Marie Chartron réalisé par Yvon Croizier

    Die Andere, un journal en révolution (1/2)
    https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/une-histoire-particuliere-un-recit-documentaire-en-deux-parties/rda-souvenirs-de-papier-12-die-andere-un-journal-en-revolution

    Avec : Stefan Ret et Klaus Wolfram, éditeurs du journal die Andere, fondateurs de la maison d’édition Basisdruck Verlag ; Annette Leo, historienne, ancienne journaliste de die Andere ; Vincent von Wroblewsky, philosophe et traducteur et les voix de Doris Streibl et Karin Oberndorfer

    Peter Sodann, une bibliothèque contre l’oubli (2/2)
    https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/une-histoire-particuliere-un-recit-documentaire-en-deux-parties/rda-souvenirs-de-papier-22-peter-sodann-une-bibliotheque-contre-loubli

    Avec : Peter Sodann, comédien et ancien directeur de théâtre ; Vincent von Wroblewsky, philosophe et traducteur et la voix de Doris Streibl

    #RDA #Allemagne #réunification #annexion

  • A propos de la possible #annexion de la #vallée_du_jourdain par #israel

    PASSIA - MAPS - Palestine - ISRAELI ANNEXATION OF THE JORDAN VALLEY

    http://www.passia.org/maps/view/74

    The Jordan Valley is a stretch of land that extends over 2,400 km2 from the Dead Sea in the south to Bisan in the north, along the border between the West Bank and Jordan and entirely lying below sea level. It accounts for 28.5% of the total West Bank territory. Some 87% of the Jordan Valley lies in Area C, comprising approximately 42% of all Area C, and is thus under full Israeli control. The remainder - designated as Areas A or B - includes enclaves of Palestinian communities and the city of Jericho. The Jordan Valley is the most fertile and resource-rich area of the West Bank, with key land reserves for natural expansion. It is known for its rich agricultural production, warm climate, abundant water resources, and also attracts tourism with over 80 historical and cultural sites. Since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967, successive Israeli governments have pursued various measures to annex this territory de facto. In violation of the basic principles of international humanitarian and human rights law, Palestinians are effectively prevented from developing their communities, their homes are systematically destroyed, they are denied access to water, and their freedom of movement is severely restricted. Today, there are 30 Israeli settlements and nine illegal outposts in the Jordan Valley with a settler population of approximately 11,000. Moreover, about 20% of Jordan Valley land have been 26 declared nature reserves (only four are open to the public), and Israel has instituted a regime of permits and harsh restrictions on the movement of Palestinians, who must pass through four checkpoints, eight dirt mounds, six trenches and four agricultural gates. Palestinians who do not reside in the Jordan Valley are not allowed to enter the area. Some 46% of the Jordan Valley land is declared closed military zones from where Palestinians communities were ordered to leave. As a consequence of these policies, the Palestinian population in the Jordan Valley has decreased from 320,000 people in 1967 to 56,000 people in 2011. Some 54% of the Jordan Valley territory is currently declared ‘state land’ and used for military purposes while, respectively, 22% and 15.5% of the Jordan Valley are declared either conservation areas or are used for Israeli settlement and infrastructure projects. Despite the fact that only 8.5% of the territory in question remains available for Palestinian towns and cultivation, Israel is intensifying its efforts to curb residency for Palestinians. Unlike East Jerusalem, where annexation is an officially-declared policy, Israel’s silent illegal policies in the Jordan Valley, i.e. displacement and depopulation of Palestinian communities as well as increased isolation of the area from the rest of the West Bank, aim at uprooting Palestinian populations from Area C and transferring them to Area A and contribute to what is effectively becoming the valley’s de-facto annexation into Israel. In fact, supporters of these policies have pointed out that there is nothing that should prevent Israel from annexing the Jordan Valley completely, unlike the 2.5 million Palestinians in the West Bank, the 60,000 Palestinians living in the Jordan Valley won’t pose a demographic problem. While former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert offered in his 2008 peace plan to evacuate Jewish settlements in the area and return the Jordan Valley to the Palestinians in exchange for security guarantees, current Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has repeatedly argued that security considerations would preclude an Israeli withdrawal from the Jordan Valley however a peace agreement with the Palestinians may look like. He unequivocally declared that “Israel will never cede the Jordan Valley. Israel would never agree to withdraw from the Jordan Valley under any peace agreement signed with the Palestinians. And it‘s vital - absolutely vital - that Israel maintain a long-term military presence along the Jordan River.” A number of mediators have suggested several proposals such as the deployment of UN peacekeepers or NATO troops to police the Jordan Valley and reassure Israel were not deemed sufficient. Others have suggested land-leasing schemes to let Israel remain in the Jordan Valley for a decade or so, to build confidence - they hope - between Arab and Jews. However, Netanyahu demands Israeli military presence along the entire valley for dozens of years, thus justifying Palestinian fears of an ‘endless occupation’. Indeed, it seems more likely that if there were to be a future Palestinian state at all, Netanyahu’s vision of this state is one being surrounded indefinitely by Israeli controlled territory along the Jordan Valley.

    #israël #palestine #occupation #démolition #colonisation #manipulation #cartographie

  • Settlements and the Netanyahu Government - Peace Now

    https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements-and-the-netanyahu-government

    Ça date de 2013 mais c’est toujours d’actualité (en fait la situation est même pire aujourd’hui)

    A Deliberate Policy of Undermining the Two State Solution

    The current government, led by Benjamin Netanyahu, took office on March 31, 2009. In the period since, its policies and actions in the West Bank and East Jerusalem disclose a clear intention to use settlements to systematically undermine and render impossible a realistic, viable two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

    These policies and actions include:

    Construction, tenders, approval of future construction, and planning for future construction in settlements located deep inside the West Bank, east of the approved route of Israel’s separation barrier;
    A record level of tenders, approval of future construction, and planning for future construction in settlements in East Jerusalem;
    Construction, tenders, approval of future construction, and planning for future construction in settlements in both the West Bank and East Jerusalem whose location renders their expansion especially problematic if not devastating to a future peace agreement;
    Adopting a formal policy that favors “legalizing” illegal settlement construction – leading both to additional illegal construction and new illegal outposts, and to the establishment of new settlements for the first time in decades.
    Preferential funding for settlers and settlements, including funding projects intended to build support among Israelis for keeping settlements – including settlements deep inside the West Bank – as a permanent part of Israel.

    #palestine #israël #colonisation #annexions #occupation

  • Netanyahu: ’We’ll annex settlements’ — what it means - IJN | Intermountain Jewish News
    https://www.ijn.com/netanyahu-well-annex-settlements-what-it-means

    JERUSALEM — Just days before Israel was to hold national elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu promised to annex parts of the West Bank as Israeli territory.

    “I’m going to extend sovereignty,” he said in an interview with Israeli Channel 12 on April 6, adding that “I don’t differentiate between the settlement blocs and isolated settlements.”

    #palestine #israël #colonisation #annexions