• Bedouin man shot dead in northern Israel
    The 47-year-old contractor from the Lower Galilee is the 79th person killed amid gun violence in the Arab society in 2019
    Noa Shpigel – Nov 01, 2019 12:24 PM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-bedouin-man-shot-dead-in-northern-israel-as-violence-in-arab-socie

    A 47-year-old Bedouin man from the Lower Galilee region was shot dead on Friday, raising the murder rate in Israel’s Arab community to 79 since the beginning of 2019.

    Police said they launched an investigation into the matter and are searching for the perpetrator.

    At about 6:00 A.M. a man suffering from several gunshot wounds was brought in a private vehicle to the entrance of the Bedouin village of Ibtin, north of the northern town of Kiryat Tiv’on. He received initial medical treatment at the scene, and was later evacuated to the Rambam Medical Center in Haifa in serious condition, where he was pronounced dead.

    The man, Hussein Muhammed, worked as a contractor, and left behind a wife and children. He resided in the northern Bedouin village of Khawaled, and is not known to the police.

    Israeli Arabs have launched nationwide demonstrations in recent weeks, protesting what they perceive as Israel Police inaction to handle rampant violent crime in their communities. Demonstrations were held in some 30 communities across the county, with protesters blocking main roads and chanting: “[Prime Minister Benjamin] Netanyahu, Arab blood is not cheap.”

    In October, two convoys, composed of hundreds of vehicles, drove toward the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem to protest spiraling violence in the Arab community. The cars, which carried black flags, headed toward the Israeli capital from the north and south.

    The police solved murders of Jews at almost twice the rate as those of Arabs this year, a Haaretz investigation has found. The police solved only 30 percent of murders of Arabs in 2019 so far, 22 out of 71, while in the Jewish community it solved 58 percent of murders, 21 out of 36.

    #Arabes_israéliens

  • Législatives israéliennes : le vote arabe devrait compter
    Stanislas Tain - 31.08.2019

    https://lemonde-arabe.fr/31/08/2019/legislatives-israeliennes-le-vote-arabe-devrait-compter

    Se trouve-t-on à l’aube d’un changement politique aux accents de petite révolution en Israël ? Alors que les élections législatives doivent avoir lieu le 17 septembre prochain, le chef de la principale faction arabe à la Knesset (le parlement israélien), la Liste unifiée, vient de bouleverser la campagne électorale. Ayman Odeh, Israélien, arabe et communiste, a proposé au principal adversaire de Benjamin Nétanyahou (Likoud, droite dure), le président du parti Bleu et Blanc (centriste) Benny Gantz, de siéger dans un gouvernement de coalition modéré à la suite du scrutin. Un (r)évolution qui mettrait fin à des décennies de marginalisation politique pour le peuple arabe. Et ferait tomber le Premier ministre actuel, en place depuis 10 ans.

    Jeune génération

    « L’offre d’Ayman Odeh de soutenir le principal opposant de Nétanyahou […] au poste de Premier ministre reflète le désir croissant de l’importante minorité arabe d’Israël de jouer un rôle plus actif dans la construction du pays », explique l’agence de presse AP https://www.apnews.com/648c02e9ae7f4f449c3b106f85e943c5 . Les Arabes israéliens, qui représentent environ 20 % des 9 millions d’habitants du pays, ayant été largement marginalisés, sur le plan politique, depuis la création de l’Etat hébreu en 1948. « L’establishment juif, se méfiant d’inclure ceux qu’il percevait comme des adversaires, empêcha les partis dirigés par des Arabes d’entrer au gouvernement », rappelle AP.

    (...)
    Mais avec une jeune génération beaucoup plus à l’aise avec la double identité israélo-arabe, la donne change, note AP. « Les sondages montrent qu’une majorité écrasante de citoyens arabes souhaitent que leurs dirigeants se concentrent davantage sur la réduction de la criminalité, l’amélioration de l’éducation et la lutte contre la crise du logement, plutôt que sur la résolution du conflit israélo-palestinien ». Non pour faire comme s’il n’existait pas, mais tout simplement parce que ce sont des sujets que l’on aborde, en règle général, quand on est aux manettes. (...)

    #Arabes_israéliens

  • #Ayman_Odeh (gauche) : « Entre Trump et Netanyahou, nous essayons de limiter la casse »
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/090318/ayman-odeh-gauche-entre-trump-et-netanyahou-nous-essayons-de-limiter-la-ca

    Arabe israélien à la #Knesset, le député de gauche Ayman Odeh revient sur le succès et les difficultés de la #Liste_unifiée, troisième groupe du Parlement, ainsi que sur les politiques d’urbanisation israélienne qui évoquent l’apartheid.

    #International #arabes_israéliens #Benjamin_Netanyahou #Israël #Palestine

  • #Israël : ces députés arabes que Netanyahou voudrait rayer de la carte
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/220216/israel-ces-deputes-arabes-que-netanyahou-voudrait-rayer-de-la-carte

    Trois députés #arabes_israéliens ont été suspendus pour avoir rendu visite à des familles d’auteurs d’attentats. Action humanitaire ou manœuvre politicienne ? La polémique a poussé le premier ministre à proposer une loi pour permettre à la #Knesset d’exclure les députés au « comportement inapproprié ».

    #International #Benjamin_Netanyahou #Proche-Orient

  • Entre le marteau et l’enclume.
    Les Arabes israéliens, sommés de s’identifier au récit juif et sioniste pour devenir des citoyens à part entière. En Israël, le mois d’avril est riche en commémorations nationale : Jour de l’indépendance, Jour de la Shoah, Journée du Souvenir des soldats tombés pour la défense d’Israël.
    Comment un Arabe israélien peut-il s’identifier ?
    « Toutes les histoires nationales me touchent. Mais pour s’identifier véritablement aux histoires de l’Holocauste, nous devons lutter contre le racisme et la persécution des minorités. Et ce n’est pas du tout le cas en Israël. C’est douloureux », explique Ayman Odeh.

    « Les juifs n’ont pas le sentiment d’être une majorité. La plupart sont forts, mais ils ont peur, et cela est terrible pour la minorité, ajoute le chef de file de la Liste arabe unie à la Knesset… Il y a quelque chose de psychologique dans la Knesset. Dans chaque coin, il y a un symbole de la nation, mais il n’y a presque aucun symbole civique. »

    Israeli Arab leader strives to teach Netanyahu something about suffering - National - Israel News | Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/national/.premium-1.653396

    Between Holocaust Remembrance Day and Independence Day, Israel’s week of national holidays, Joint Arab List chief Ayman Odeh felt suffocated in the Knesset. State symbols watched him from all sides — the flag, the menorah, Theodor Herzl — and he felt excluded by them all.

    “There’s something psychological here. In every corner of the Knesset there’s a symbol of the nation, but there are almost no civic symbols. There are no pictures of the country’s landscapes, nature, Arabs and Jews together,” he says.

    “It seems the Jews don’t feel like a majority. Most of the Jews are strong, but they’re also afraid, and that’s awful for the minority. When there’s a majority that feels like a minority and is strong but feels weak and threatened, we pay the price.”

    Odeh has started his first Knesset term heading the grouping that contains four Arab parties in an artificial marriage. The goal was to eclipse the increased 3.25-percent electoral threshold, which the party did with ease — its 13 seats make it the Knesset’s third largest party.

    If Isaac Herzog’s Zionist Union enters a unity government — he insists he won’t — Odeh will probably become Israel’s first-ever Arab opposition leader. He was actually supposed to enter the Knesset before the election and replace Mohammed Barakeh as head of the Arab-Jewish Hadash party, but the vote was moved up to March 17.

    Alongside his 10-year plan to reduce inequality between Jews and Arabs, Odeh wants to help the poor and have the unrecognized Bedouin communities in the Negev recognized. He also wants to increase funding for Arab culture. He has already spoken with key Likud MK Zeev Elkin.

    “I told him: ‘The opposition rarely manages to pass bills when you’re coalition whip, so tell me what you can accept.’ He told me Jews should learn Arabic starting in the first grade. I said: ‘Okay, I’ll propose it.’”

    Before the swearing-in ceremony at the Knesset, Joint Arab List MKs had to decide whether to stand during the singing of the national anthem, which talks about “the Jewish soul.”

    “There was an argument in the party,” says Odeh. He says he asked the other MKs to treat it as an official ceremony and not walk out. In the end, no agreement was reached and Odeh and the other Hadash MKs remained along with Osama Saadia of Ta’al, a component of the Arab ticket. The others left.

    Odeh says that for nearly two weeks he argued with himself over whether to stay. “Sometimes I regret I stayed, sometimes not,” he says.

    After the swearing-in, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s speech was out of touch and nationalist, as if it came out of history 3,000 years ago, Odeh says, adding that Netanyahu spoke so heatedly he was more like an actor.

    A week ago Odeh took part in the Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony. This time he left before the national anthem, but not because of it. “I’ve read ‘The Diary of Anne Frank’ — and also it hurts me how [a Holocaust survivor] collapsed during the Eichmann trial,” he says.

    “All nations’ stories touch me. But to identify in a true and deep way with the stories about the Holocaust, we must fight racism and the persecution of minorities. And that’s not what’s happening in this country. It hurts.”

    Odeh says Netanyahu backs racist laws and wants to discard democracy. He says he has greater credibility talking about the Holocaust than Netanyahu because he’s fighting racism and represents a minority that seeks cooperation based on respect.

    Odeh is due to meet Netanyahu soon, a meeting he says he learned about in the newspapers. Even though he considers the tête–à–tête a media exercise and the prime minister’s attempt to put out the fires he set on Election Day, Odeh asked his MKs whether he should attend — and they all said yes.

    “The burden of proof is on Bibi,” Odeh adds. “He needs to convince us he wants a serious meeting.”

    Odeh will also be meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in the next two weeks, as well as with President Reuven Rivlin and Fatah leader Marwan Barghouti, who is serving five life terms for terror activity.

    Regarding the criticism that Israeli Arab leaders worry more about the Palestinians than their own voters, Odeh says he wants to lead the battle here in Israel. But he also believes that real equality will be only be possible by solving the Palestinian issue, because the country of which he’s a citizen is at war with the people he belongs to.

    “We’re between the hammer and the anvil,” he says.

    Odeh distinguishes between civil rights, which he thinks can be achieved now, and national rights. Issues such as employment for Arab women and public transportation “don’t need to be part of an ideological dispute. As for national rights, we can disagree.”