La technologie acheuléenne et l’utilisation de l’environnement à Dawadmi, Arabie centrale pendant le Paléolithique inférieur.
27 juillet 2018
Bien qu’occupant une position géographique centrale, les enquêtes sur les populations d’hominidés dans la péninsule arabique au cours du Paléolithique inférieur sont rares.
[L’article décrit] de nouvelles investigations sur le terrain dans la localité de Saffaqah (206-76) près de Dawadmi, en Arabie centrale, qui visent à établir comment les hominidés se sont adaptés à cette région. Le site est situé à l’intérieur de l’Arabie, à plus de 500 km de la mer Rouge et du golfe, et à la source de deux importants systèmes fluviaux disparus, probablement utilisés par les hominidés acheuléens pour traverser la péninsule.
La Saffaqah est l’un des plus grands sites acheuléens en Arabie avec près d’un million d’artefacts estimés en surface, et elle est également la première à produire des dépôts stratifiés contenant des artefacts abondants. Il est situé dans le cadre inhabituel d’un paysage dense et bien préservé de localités Acheuléennes, avec des sites et des objets isolés se produisant régulièrement sur des dizaines de kilomètres dans toutes les directions.
Les hominiens acheuléens à Dawadmi étaient forts et habiles, avec leur adaptation évidemment réussie pendant quelque temps. Cependant, ces fabricants de bifaces étaient également conservateurs sur le plan technologique et utilisaient des stratégies de moindre effort pour l’approvisionnement en ressources et le transport d’outils.
En fin de compte, l’Arabie centrale a été dépeuplée, probablement en raison de la détérioration de l’environnement sous la forme d’aridité croissante.
Acheulean technology and landscape use at Dawadmi, central Arabia
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Meet the Women of Australian #tech: 5 Game-changers Share Their Stories
According to the McKell Institute, In #australia women constitute 50.6% of the population.Despite making up nearly half the total workforce, most senior roles in organisations in Australia are heavily male-dominated. Men hold 74.9 % of ASX200 board positions, and there are still 16 ASX200 boards with no female members.At the top levels of organisations, women hold just 16.3% of CEO positions and 28.5% of key management personnel positions within companies reporting to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency. Among ASX100 companies, 5% of CEOs, 10% of COOs/Deputy CEOs and 6% of CFOs were women in 2015.And pay, the full-time gender pay gap is trending down, but men still take home $26,527 a year more than women on average.Beyond the numbers, figures, statistics and horror stories, there’s no (...)
Australian government unveils brutal refugee deal with the US - World Socialist Web Site
Australian government unveils brutal refugee deal with the US
By Max Newman
14 November 2016
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull yesterday announced a one-off “resettlement” deal with the United States that will forcibly remove to the US some of the 2,200 refugees who have rotted since 2013 in Australia’s prison camps on Nauru and Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island.
At a media conference in the government’s Maritime Border Command headquarters, Turnbull declared that Australia’s naval “Operation Sovereign Borders,” which organises the interception and turn back of refugee boats, would be boosted to its highest-ever level.
In return for taking a limited number of heavily-vetted asylum seekers, the Obama administration will deport to #Australia some Central American refugees currently languishing in #camps in #Costa_Rica, having been denied entry to the US. On both sides of the Pacific, some of the world’s most vulnerable people will be denied the basic right to seek protection, while many will face permanent separation from their families.
Far from alleviating the horrors produced by Australia’s “offshore” detention regime, the new deal will see hundreds of families split up forever, with many detainees, especially single men, unable to reunite with their spouses and children in Australia.
Australie : des réfugiés pourront s’installer aux Etats-Unis
Des réfugiés relégués par l’Australie dans des camps controversés sur des îles du Pacifique seront réinstallés aux Etats-Unis aux termes d’un « accord exceptionnel » avec ce pays, a annoncé dimanche Canberra, en soulignant que sa politique d’intransigeance envers les migrants restait inchangée.
Les Etats-Unis vont accueillir les réfugiés des centres de rétention australiens
Cela fait quatre ans qu’ils croupissent dans des centres de rétention. Les migrants enfermés par l’Australie sur des îles du Pacifique sortent de l’impasse. Canberra n’en veut toujours pas, mais les Etats-Unis vont en accueillir pour offrir à ces personnes une deuxième chance. Combien ? Pas encore de chiffre officiel. Mais les deux pays ont annoncé un accord historique ce dimanche 13 novembre 2016. A ce jour, 1 616 personnes retenues sur Nauru et Manus, sur environ 2 000 au total, ont obtenu le statut de réfugié.
Australia’s refugee deal may be scuppered by Trump, US expert warns
Immigration expert Niels Frenzen says Trump will want something in return if he is to honour the deal to take refugees from Nauru and Manus Island
UNHCR to endorse Australia-United States relocations as “offshore processing” arrangements fail refugees
The approach taken by Australia in transferring refugees and asylum-seekers to open-ended detention in Papua New Guinea and Nauru has caused immense harm to vulnerable people who have sought asylum since 2013. In this context, UNHCR welcomes the announcement today that refugees currently held in Nauru and Papua New Guinea will be relocated under a bilateral arrangement between Australia and the United States.
Refugees on Nauru and Manus Island to be resettled in US – as it happened
Malcolm Turnbull announces one-off agreement for refugees on Manus Island and Nauru to be resettled in US under auspices of the UNHCR
Sudanese refugee dies in Brisbane hospital after medivac from Manus
A 27-year-old Sudanese refugee held on Manus Island has died following “a fall and seizure” inside the Australian-run detention centre.
It is understood the man, who had reportedly been unwell for several months, collapsed and suffered head injuries inside the detention centre on Friday. He was then evacuated to Royal Brisbane and Women’s hospital, where he died on Saturday.
Refugee pleaded with doctors on Manus Island for help before his death
Detainees’ letter claims medical staff ignored months of escalating complaints before #Faysal_Ishak_Ahmed collapsed
Manus : les migrants se révoltent
Samedi soir, des migrants se sont révoltés au centre de rétention de Manus, en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée pour protester contre la mort d’un jeune réfugié.
’Bashed’ asylum seekers on Manus Island ’deserved what they got’: PNG minister
Manus Island MP Ronny Knight has declared that two asylum seekers who say they were bashed by police and PNG immigration officials on New Year’s Eve “deserved what they got”.
Manus Island refugees riot over food
60 refugees and guards fought a running battle yesterday at Australia’s refugee detention centre on Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island.
Photos show bullets fired into Manus Island detention accommodation, not just air: Amnesty
Human rights group Amnesty International has found the Australian Government downplayed the danger asylum seekers on Manus Island faced when the detention centre was attacked by soldiers from the Papua New Guinea Defence Force.
Great Barrier Reef and the Amazon Rainforest Among Outstanding Natural Sites Under Threat from French Multinationals
Half of World Heritage sites are currently threatened by industrial development, and the oil and mining sectors pose a particular threat. So many invaluable sites and #biodiversity sanctuaries face being wiped off the map just because we are unable to do anything about our voracious model of development. Several French transnational corporations are among those involved in projects that could herald the end of these exceptional sites. Some of the sites facing destruction include national (...)
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Welcome to Australia where we greet refugees with open arms. Oh wait, that’s Austria | First Dog on the Moon | Comment is free | The Guardian
#Australia–the Face of Monoculturalism
The first thing that strikes you when you arrive in Australia is how racist this place is, and yet how committed many Australians are to not talking about race. As a.....
Blue Burqa in a Sunburnt Country
Photographs and text by
For Westerners, the burqa is a garment pregnant with symbolism. This series, shot in 2014 during a 10,000 kilometre journey in Australia, seeks to take the symbolism beyond the typical connotations of #sexism and #repression, and into a more #metaphorical_landscape that raises questions of migration, assimilation and belonging. Along the way, the burqa also reveals a luminous, ethereal #beauty one might not normally have expected.
Marrying the burqa with Australia’s severe environment would not seem an obvious choice at first. However, it makes sense for those who are aware of the current Australian government’s strict #anti-immigration policies and handling of #refugees, and indeed the ongoing discussion of a ’burqa ban’ in the country. These faceless, ‘anonymous’ people, who come to Australian shores in search of a new beginning, are either turned away as they arrive or thrust into a harsh, suburnt country. They quickly feel displaced, leading to predictable tensions.
However, despite the sense of isolation in the images, the aesthetic symbiosis between the #burqa and the challenging landscapes hints at a potential for the two worlds to co-exist and even complement each other in ways not imagined. Perhaps #Australia and these ’new Australians’ are not as mismatched as the government and some members of the public seem to think.
The burqa’s journey in this series – whose title is borrowed from Australia’s best-known poem, My Country – surely offers more questions than answers, but ultimately it is intended as a series of hope.
— Fabian Muir
#Australia joins #US in military campaign against #ISIS
Australia became the first country to detail troop numbers and aircraft for a US-led coalition fighting the Islamic State in #Iraq and #syria (ISIS) militants in Iraq, as Washington drums up support for global action to counter the “terrorist” threat. Australia Prime Minister Tony Abbott said on Sunday a 600-strong force comprising some 400 airforce personnel and 200 special forces soldiers would be deployed to a US military base in the United Arab Emirates. read more
Australian teen behind #Iraq suicide blast
An 18-year-old Australian man was behind a deadly suicide bomb attack in Iraq last week, authorities said Monday, with Attorney-General George Brandis calling it a “disturbing development.” The blast last Thursday near a mosque in #Baghdad left several dead, including the teenager, who left Melbourne for the region last year. Reports said the Islamic State militant group named him as Abu Bakr al-Australi on an affiliated Twitter feed, with Brandis’ office confirming he was Australian. read more
« If #Société_générale was genuine about its own social and environmental principles, there’s no way they would remain involved in the Alpha Coal project »
Alpha Coal: it is the name of a megaproject in Queensland, #Australia. Alpha Coal would involve extracting millions of tonnes of coal, transporting them by rail over hundreds of kilometers and then exporting them to Asia through a new giant terminal at Abbot Point - in the middle of the Great Barrier Marine Park. Société Générale, one of France’s largest banks, is among the last backers of this project within the international financial community. Julien Vincent and Tony Brown, as representatives (...)
/ #Extractive_Industries, #Fossil_fuels, Société générale, Australia, #Finance_and_Banking, #Extractive_Industries, #biodiversity, #local_communities, #greenhouse_gas, #social_impact, #environmental_impact, #extractive_industries, #climate_change, socially responsible (...)
Arab countries threaten sanctions against #Australia in East #jerusalem row
Australia’s foreign minister will meet ambassadors angered by the country’s decision to stop referring to East Jerusalem as “occupied,” Prime Minister Tony Abbott said Sunday as he stressed there was “no change in policy.” Australia has been warned of possible Arab trade sanctions after last week’s move, which Attorney-General George Brandis said was made because the term “occupied” carried pejorative implications and was seen by the Australian government as neither appropriate or useful. read more
Opposition slams #Australia government for refusal to call #East_Jerusalem ’occupied’
An Israeli policeman aims his gun at Palestinian protesters during a rally marking “Naksa Day,” the 47th anniversary of the 1967 Six Day War, at Damascus Gate in Arab east #jerusalem on June 5, 2014. (Photo: AFP - Ahmad Gharabli)
Australia has decided to remove the term “occupied” when referring to East Jerusalem in a move blasted by an opposition party leader Friday as “inflammatory” and “at odds with the peace process.” The issue flared in the upper house Senate this week with Attorney-General George Brandis issuing a statement to clarify Canberra’s stance on the controversial question of the legality of settler homes. "The description of areas which are the subject of negotiations in the course of the peace process by reference to historical events is (...)
Want to burn less oil for transportation ? Plan your cities correctly:
The trouble with #WhiteHistoryMonth is that it is not history
Today, the theft of Aboriginal children – including babies taken from the birth table – is now more widespread than at any time during the last century. As of June last year, almost 14,000 Aboriginal children had been “removed”. This is five times the number when Bringing Them Home was written. More than a third of all removed children are Aboriginal – from 3% of the population. At the present rate, this mass removal of Aboriginal children will result in a #Stolen_Generation of more than 3,300 children in the Northern Territory alone.
Large-scale coal mining backed by French bank #Société_générale threatens the Great Barrier Reef
Northeastern #Australia's enormous coal deposits attract interest from all directions. Nine huge mining projects are underway in Queensland – along with train tracks and freight terminals, CO2 emissions by the millions, and a vital threat to the coastline’s unique world heritage site: the Great Barrier Reef. A French bank, Société Générale is in charge of advising investors for the most advanced of these mining project, Alpha Coal. This article was originally published in French. Translation : Guy (...)
/ Australia, Société générale, #Energy, #Extractive_Industries, #Extractive_Industries, #Finance_and_Banking, #environmental_impact, #corporate_social_responsibility, #greenhouse_gas, #biodiversity, #climate_change, extractive (...)
Australian immigration detention centres:every incident mapped
A vast dataset, which details every incident reported in each operational immigration detention facility in Australia between October 2009 and May 2011, shows the number of logged incidents - including self-harm, assaults, hunger strikes and damage as well as minor incidents - across much of Australia’s immigration detention network.
#australia #migration #dention_center #map
Balfour 96: #Palestine Is Still the Question
A Palestinian protester places a paper on a United Nation building during a demonstration in Gaza City to mark the anniversary of the #Balfour_Declaration on October 31, 2013. (Photo: AFP - Mohammed Abed) A Palestinian protester places a paper on a United Nation building during a demonstration in Gaza City to mark the anniversary of the Balfour Declaration on October 31, 2013. (Photo: AFP - Mohammed Abed)
As Christmas 2013 (...)