• How hate speech campaigners found Facebook’s weak spot
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jun/29/how-hate-speech-campaigners-found-facebooks-weak-spot

    It took less than two hours for Facebook to react and it did so for good reason. At 5pm on Friday, Unilever, one of the world’s largest advertisers, with a portfolio of products that ranges from Marmite to Vaseline, suddenly announced it was pulling all adverts from Facebook, Instagram and Twitter in the US. Given the “polarised atmosphere in the US”, the company said, and the significant work left to be done “in the areas of divisiveness and hate speech … continuing to advertise on these (...)

    #Google #Unilever #Facebook #Instagram #Twitter #manipulation #racisme #bénéfices #BlackLivesMatter #publicité #censure #modération (...)

    ##publicité ##NAACP
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/cdd3fe2082eb40f6edc1db34651d9c77ebad5420/0_47_3200_1921/master/3200.jpg

  • Now Is the Time to Dismantle Our Cities’ Invasive Surveillance Infrastructure
    https://onezero.medium.com/now-is-the-time-to-dismantle-our-cities-invasive-surveillance-infras

    Not all innovation deserves to exist — many surveillance and policing technologies should never have been created in the first place It may have sounded radical when Amazon, IBM, and Microsoft announced they were either exiting the facial recognition market or enacting moratoriums on providing such software to police. And for the activists and scholars who have long been probing the serious problems with facial recognition and pushing for regulating or banning the software, there’s little (...)

    #Clearview #Microsoft #Palantir #Ring #IBM #Amazon #algorithme #CCTV #biométrie #technologisme #facial #reconnaissance (...)

    ##BlackLivesMatter

  • Démanteler les infrastructures de surveillance et de discrimination massives ?
    http://www.internetactu.net/2020/06/29/demanteler-les-infrastructures-de-surveillance-et-de-discrimination-ma

    Si les annonces de moratoires dans le domaine de la reconnaissance faciale semblent soulager un certain nombre de ses opposants, il ne fait aucun doute que ces réponses des grandes entreprises de la technologie demeurent manifestement des décisions commerciales calculées et limitées qui répondent avec plus ou moins de sincérité à la pression publique du moment et aux très fortes mobilisations contre le racisme et les violences policières qui secouent les États-Unis depuis la mort de George Floyd le (...)

    #Clearview #Palantir #Ring #Facebook #Nextdoor #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #Amazon #biométrie #racisme #données #facial #prédiction #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #BigData #BlackLivesMatter #discrimination #extrême-droite #GAFAM #surveillance (...)

    ##LaQuadratureduNet ##NAACP
    /assets/images/logo_ia.png

  • New Report Reveals Demographics of Black Lives Matter Protesters Shows Vast Majority Are White, Marched Within Their Own Cities
    https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-report-reveals-demographics-of-black-lives-matter-protesters-shows-v

    ATLANTA, June 18, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Mobilewalla, a consumer data and analytics company, today released a new report detailing the demographic breakdown of the George Floyd protesters in four major cities : Atlanta, Los Angeles, Minneapolis and New York. The data provides insights into the age, race, gender and city of residence of the protesters observed during the day and nighttime hours and was collected on May 29th, 30th and 31st. Here are key findings from the report : Protesters (...)

    #Mobilewalla_ #algorithme #smartphone #GPS #activisme #géolocalisation #BigData #BlackLivesMatter #DataBrokers (...)

    ##profiling

  • Many Police Departments Have Software That Can Identify People In Crowds
    https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/carolinehaskins1/police-software-briefcam?bfsource=relatedmanual

    BriefCam, a facial recognition and surveillance video analysis company, sells the ability to surveil protesters and enforce social distancing — without the public knowing. As protesters demand an end to police brutality and the coronavirus pandemic sweeps the nation, police departments around the country are using software that can track and identify people in crowds from surveillance footage — often with little to no public oversight or knowledge. Dozens of cities around the country are (...)

    #Briefcam #algorithme #CCTV #activisme #biométrie #facial #reconnaissance #BlackLivesMatter #comportement #masque (...)

    ##ACLU

  • Monde : Le rapport démographique sur les manifestations montre la quantité d’informations que nos téléphones donnent
    https://pressfrom.info/fr/actualite/monde/-573818-le-rapport-demographique-sur-les-manifestations-montre-la-quanti

    Si vous avez participé à de récentes manifestations Black Lives Matter à Atlanta, Los Angeles, Minneapolis ou New York, il est possible que la société d’analyse mobile Mobilewalla ait glané des données démographiques sur votre utilisation du téléphone portable. La semaine dernière, Mobilewalla a publié un rapport détaillant la répartition par race, âge et sexe des individus qui ont participé aux manifestations dans ces villes pendant le week-end du 29 mai. Ce qui est particulièrement inquiétant, c’est que (...)

    #Mobilewalla_ #algorithme #smartphone #GPS #géolocalisation #migration #consentement #FAI #historique #législation #métadonnées #BigData #BlackLivesMatter #DataBrokers #profiling (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_

  • A Tech Company Spied On Police Brutality Protesters
    https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/carolinehaskins1/protests-tech-company-spying

    Data company Mobilewalla used cellphone information to estimate the demographics of protesters. Sen. Elizabeth Warren says it’s “shady” and concerning. On the weekend of May 29, thousands of people marched, sang, grieved, and chanted, demanding an end to police brutality and the defunding of police departments in the aftermath of the police killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor. They marched en masse in cities like Minneapolis, New York, Los Angeles, and Atlanta, empowered by their (...)

    #Mobilewalla_ #algorithme #smartphone #GPS #activisme #anonymat #géolocalisation #BigData #BlackLivesMatter #profiling #police (...)

    ##violence

  • Black Lives Matter : U.S. Protesters Tracked By Secretive Phone Location Technology
    https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2020/06/26/secretive-phone-tracking-company-publishes-location-data-on-black-lives-matter-protesters/?ss=consumertech#6f5ebeef4a1e

    Following Black Lives Matter protests in cities across the U.S., a marketing company that uses AI to categorize phone users by race, gender and even religion, has now published a report using phone location data secretly collected during those protests. In a presentation titled “George Floyd Protester Demographics : Insights Across Four Major U.S. Cities,” consumer insight firm Mobilewalla says it has published its report “out of a sense of social responsibility.” Mobilewalla buys mobile phone (...)

    #Mobilewalla_ #algorithme #smartphone #GPS #activisme #géolocalisation #BlackLivesMatter (...)

    ##profiling

  • George Floyd Protester Demographics : Insights Across 4 Major US Cities
    https://f.hubspotusercontent40.net/hubfs/4309344/MW+Protester%20Demographic%20Analysis.pdf

    Methodology ALL DATA IS BASED ON OBSERVED MOBILE DEVICES IN SPECIFIED LOCATIONS • Devices were observed for geographic areas around specific protest locations in New York, Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Atlanta

    • Device data was collected on May 29th, 30thand 31st

    • “Day” data was collected during non-curfew hours

    • “Night” data was collected during the curfew hours specific to each city

    • A device with a common evening location within a 150km radius of city center was considered as belonging to (...)

    #Mobilewalla_ #algorithme #smartphone #GPS #activisme #géolocalisation #BlackLivesMatter

  • Un tremblement de terre : Unilever stoppe ses pubs sur Facebook et Twitter jusque fin 2020, au moins...
    https://fr.businessam.be/un-tremblement-de-terre-unilever-stoppe-ses-pubs-de-facebook-et-twitte

    Que ce soit une simple posture ou plus, la décision d’Unilever est une petite bombe dans le monde de la publicité en ligne. Le géant industriel suspend ses annonces américaines de Facebook, Instagram et Twitter ‘jusqu’à la fin de l’année au moins’, rapporte le Wall Street Journal. ‘Compte tenu du cadre de notre responsabilité et de l’atmosphère polarisée aux États-Unis, nous avons décidé que nous ne diffuserons plus de publicité de (nos) marque(s) sur les plateformes Facebook, Instagram et Twitter aux (...)

    #Unilever #Facebook #Instagram #Twitter #manipulation #élections #BlackLivesMatter (...)

    ##publicité

  • Comment les très jeunes s’informent sur les réseaux comme Instagram et TikTok
    https://bienvivreledigital.orange.fr/vie-perso/blacklivesmatter-jeunes-information-reseaux-sociaux-instag

    Les plateformes sociales sont devenues les premières sources d’infos pour les collégiens. Sans complexe, c’est sur TikTok, Insta et Snapchat qu’ils suivent l’actualité et qu’ils développent leurs propres formes de débats par story... avec ou sans émoji.

    Illustration crée par Louis Bolla pour Bien Vivre le Digital

    On les croit déconnectés de la réalité, à se dandiner sur les derniers tubes à la mode sur TikTok, ou cachés derrière leurs filtres « rabbit » sur Snap. Vous pensez que la Gen Z ne pense qu’à sa prochaine paire de snickers fluo ? Vous avez tout faux. Ceux qui sont nés entre 1996 et 2015 vont entrer dans l’âge adulte en ayant connu une pandémie, une récession et un temps à faire des barbeuk’ en Alaska. Alors, loin des images colorées et flashy qu’ils se partagent d’habitude en longue conversation ininterrompue avec leurs amis, la jeune génération a affiché son soutien politique sur les réseaux sociaux via une flopée de carrés noirs le 2 juin dernier. Noire, comme la couleur de peau de George Floyd, asphyxié par un policier blanc aux États-Unis pendant son arrestation. Un événement qui a secoué le monde entier, et révélé que les jeunes ont une conscience politique forte qu’ils n’hésitent pas à afficher sur TikTok, Snapchat ou Instagram, leurs premiers lieux de revendication.

    Des pavés… au hashtag

    Alors que leurs grands-parents balançaient des pavés en cherchant la plage, que leurs aînés sont descendus dans la rue contre les CPE, pour Charlie et contre les « porcs », les jeunes eux, s’arment de leur clavier et affichent leurs revendications sur les réseaux, comme un premier moyen d’appartenir à une mouvance. Le slogan même de « Black Lives Matter » est né d’un post Facebook.

    Retour en juillet 2013. Le jeune afro-américain, Trayvon Martin, 17 ans, désarmé, est abattu. L’acquittement de George Zimmerman, le meurtrier du jeune homme déclenche la colère d’Alicia Garza, activiste pour les droits homosexuels.

    Sous le coup de l’émotion, elle publie un post Facebook : « Black People. I love you. I love us. Our lives matter » (« Personnes noires. Je vous aime. Je nous aime. Nos vies comptent »). L’artiste et activiste Patrisse Khan-Cullors lui répond alors : « Black Lives Matter ».

    Depuis la mort de George Floyd le 25 mai dernier à Minneapolis, le mouvement Black Lives Matter s’est répandu comme une traînée de poudre sur les autres continents, via les réseaux. Pour autant, s’il est né sur les réseaux, le mouvement ne s’y est pas cantonné. Il a connu un immense écho en France. Lors des dernières manifestations contre le racisme et les violences policières le 2, le 9 et le 13 juin dernier, de nombreux collégiens et collégiennes sont venus grossir les rangs des manifestants.

    Des millions de vues sur TikTok, Snapchat et Instagram

    Les chiffres confirment l’engouement des jeunes pour le sujet. Sur TikTok, le réseau social préféré des moins de 13 ans (puisque 45,7% l’utilisent selon l’agence Heaven), la page #BlackLivesMatters a comptabilisé 10,2 milliards de vues. Même constat d’une montée en puissance de thèmes plus politiques sur Snapchat et Instagram, où le hashtag a comptabilisé près 22,1 millions de vues.

    #BLM n’est pas le seul sujet de société a avoir suscité l’attention des jeunes. #ImComingOut rassemble les personnes qui révèlent leur homosexualité avec un total de 10,1 millards de vues.

    Tiktok, Insta, Snap, le nouveau 20h

    Camille : “ Les grandes chaînes de télévision ne montrent pas tout, je préfère Snap” A 15 ans, Camille, élève de 3ème en Seine-Saint-Denis, s’informe surtout via Snapchat et uniquement grâce aux stories et aux posts des personnes auxquelles elle est abonnée. Les réseaux sociaux lui permettent, dit-elle, d’avoir une plus grande vision plus large sur l’actualité. « Sur Instagram, il y a du positif comme du négatif tandis que sur les grandes chaînes, on ne montre pas tout » explique la collégienne en région parisienne, « on a l’impression de voir plus de choses et de vraiment être au courant de ce qu’il se passe. »

    Ce shift dans la manière de s’informer et de s’engager n’est pas passé aperçu aux yeux des médias traditionnels. Après avoir investi Facebook, Snapchat ou Instagram, Le Monde réalise aujourd’hui de petites vidéos pédagos sur Tiktok. Dans le cas de #BLM, le quotidien a choisi d’expliquer les inégalités de peine de prison aux Etats-Unis… avec un rouleau de scotch. Et ça marche. A peine créé depuis quelques jours, Le Monde comptabilise déjà plusieurs milliers d’abonnés et l’une des vidéos (sur le port du masque) comptabilise même plus de 160.000 vues.

    Et les médias ne sont pas les seuls à s’y mettre. Le tout jeune Hugo Décrypte distille tous les jours les 5 infos à retenir de l’actu sur Insta et ouvre le débat quotidiennement sur une question d’actualité. Preuve que les jeunes adhèrent, le concept fédère plus de 500 000 personnes sur Insta. Hugo a même décliné le concept en version « Pop » pour la culture (100.000 abonnés) et pour le sport (59.000 abonnés). Et bien sûr sur Tiktok avec 175.000 abonnés et plus de 2 millions de like au total sur ses vidéos. Preuve que si les jeunes boudent les médias classiques, comme Camille, ils aiment être informés et exprimer leurs opinions.
    « Il faut que ça se sache »

    Ce combo info/réaction semble d’ailleurs être le moteur de l’expression politique des jeunes. Et le partage de contenus atteste d’une nouvelle forme de mobilisation. C’est d’ailleurs l’avis d’Inès, élève de seconde dans u lycée du sud de Paris, « partager ce genre de contenus est presque un geste politique », qui compense son absence aux manifestations. Même si l’interdiction de ses parents n’est pas un frein, la jeune fille ne se sent pas prête à se rassembler et trouve dans les réseaux sociaux une façon de participer à son échelle.

    Ces médias basés sur le flux et la réactivité font surgir « un sentiment de malaise face à des images sans filtre » qui touche les jeunes utilisateurs. « Ils éprouvent le besoin de les rediffuser [en disant], « il faut que ça se sache », « on ne peut pas le cacher »” explique Anne Cordier, Maîtresse de Conférence HDR en Sciences de l’Information et de la communication à l’Université de Rouen. Et ce relais massif de vidéos, au départ porté par une forte émotion, fait naître une forme de “conscience collective” chez les jeunes.

    #Engagement #Activisme #Tik_Tok #Snapchat #Anne_Cordier

  • Les entreprises de la tech sont-elles hypocrites face au racisme ?
    https://korii.slate.fr/et-caetera/entreprises-tech-jeux-video-racisme-black-live-matters-hypocrisie-action

    La sincérité de la Silicon Valley et de l’industrie du jeu vidéo multipliant les promesses peut être questionnée. Les vagues de protestation contre le racisme institutionnel et les violences policières contre les personnes racisées, aux États-Unis et en Europe, font réagir le monde économique. Depuis la mort de George Floyd le 25 mai, les plus grandes entreprises de la tech et du jeu vidéo ont publié pléthore de communiqués de soutien, promettant dons aux associations et changements de pratiques. Sous (...)

    #ElectronicArts #Google #Microsoft #Sony-Ericsson_ #Ubisoft #Amazon #Facebook #Twitter #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #biométrie #manipulation #racisme #facial #reconnaissance #BlackLivesMatter (...)

    ##discrimination

  • As big corporations say ‘black lives matter,’ their track records raise skepticism
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/06/13/after-years-marginalizing-black-employees-customers-corporate-america-says-black-lives-matter/?arc404=true

    Corporate America — including Wall Street and Silicon Valley giants — is now pledging to play a bigger role in combating systemic racism across the United States, but an examination of companies’ track records shows that they have repeatedly stopped short of major overhauls during prior opportunities for change. The new corporate posture has spread across firms from nearly every industry in the past few weeks as companies rushed to respond to nationwide protests. One of the most provocative (...)

    #JPMorgan #manipulation #BlackLivesMatter #Google #Microsoft #Amazon #Facebook #Twitter #racisme (...)

    ##discrimination

  • Un entretien sur l’occupation de Capitol Hill à Seattle
    « Une forme politique issue de la lutte »

    Viewpoint Magazine

    https://lavoiedujaguar.net/Un-entretien-sur-l-occupation-de-Capitol-Hill-a-Seattle-Une-forme-po

    Il y a quelques jours, Viewpoint Magazine s’est assis, le 13 juin, avec P, un militant basé à Seattle, pour une conversation approfondie sur l’histoire et la dynamique actuelle de la Zone autonome de Capitol Hill (CHAZ), les défis à venir et les leçons à tirer. Les réponses ont été légèrement modifiées pour tenir compte des développements récents.

    Pour comprendre ce qui se passe dans la CHAZ, sur laquelle tant de choses ont déjà été écrites et dites, je pense qu’il faut d’abord commencer par la façon dont nous sommes arrivés à cette situation. La CHAZ est née directement d’une confrontation directe de neuf jours avec le département de police de Seattle, dans le quartier est de Pine Street, tout près du parc Cal Anderson. C’est le fait qu’elle se soit tenue là — dans ce quartier, dans cet espace — qui a rendu la CHAZ possible.

    Je ne pense pas que les gens aient réalisé que la protestation elle-même allait devenir la forme politique. En d’autres termes, je pensais qu’une fois les tensions apaisées, les gens tiendraient des assemblées générales pour décider de la suite des événements. Cependant, les gens se sont passionnément attachés à cet espace et à ce conflit particulier. (...)

    #États-Unis #Seattle #auto-organisation #police #BlackLivesMatter #George_Floyd #revendications #Kshama_Sawant #Amazon #exploitation #1999 #Rémi_Fraisse #assassinats #Keeanga-Yamahtta_Taylor

  • Manifestations, géolocalisation et publicités ciblées : un nouveau Cambridge Analytica ?
    https://korii.slate.fr/et-caetera/black-live-matters-manifestations-geolocalisation-publicite-politique-ci

    Une pratique de ciblage politique controversée est utilisée par divers groupes politiques pour affiner leurs campagnes. Alors que des manifestations historiques contre le racisme et les violences policières ont lieu aux États-Unis, des entreprises siphonnent les données de géolocalisation des smartphones des personnes qui sont descendues dans la rue et les revendent à des groupes politiques. « Nous voulons nous assurer que nous utilisons toutes les options de notre boîte à outils pour atteindre (...)

    #CambridgeAnalytica/Emerdata #algorithme #smartphone #géolocalisation #métadonnées #BigData #microtargeting #profiling #publicité #élections #VoteMAP #TheCollective #activisme #BlackLivesMatter (...)

    ##CambridgeAnalytica/Emerdata ##publicité ##lutte

  • Le charme modéré de la bourgeoisie numérique. Et son immunité algorithmique.
    https://www.affordance.info/mon_weblog/2020/06/charme-bourgeoisie-numerique.html

    Ce que c’est qu’une plateforme : la décision d’un seul. Jack Dorsey, pdg de Twitter, qui « fact-checke » un tweet de Trump et en censure un autre. Le premier Tweet fact-checké concernait le - supposé - danger du vote par correspondance, quant au tweet « censuré » il s’agissait d’une vidéo de campagne publiée après la mort de Georges Floyd et bloquée par Twitter pour ... infraction aux droits d’auteur. Zuckerberg, pdg de Facebook qui se refuse à « intervenir » ou à « modérer » s’abritant derrière une (...)

    #Facebook #algorithme #racisme #domination #sexisme #BlackLivesMatter #SocialNetwork

    https://www.affordance.info/.a/6a00d8341c622e53ef0264e2e2bac1200d-600wi

  • FBI trawled Facebook to arrest protesters for inciting riots, court records show
    https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/social-media/federal-agents-monitored-facebook-arrest-protesters-inciting-riots-court-re

    Four cases offer some insight into how federal law enforcement continues to monitor online speech related to social movements. On May 27, just two days after George Floyd died at the hands of the Minneapolis Police Department, an activist from St. Louis decided to drive the 540 miles north to the Twin Cities to participate in the protests there. “We promise to do our very best to be safe and not do anything to get arrested," Mike Avery wrote on Facebook. Three days later, the FBI arrested (...)

    #FBI #Facebook #activisme #BlackLivesMatter #écoutes #SocialNetwork #surveillance #ACLU (...)

    ##EFF

  • Yo-Yo Ma sur Twitter : “There are so many stories made invisible: too-often-violent histories hidden beneath the surfaces of our cities, our institutions, our music. It’s our job to make them visible. I’m honored to mark #Juneteenth with a new song by RhiannonGiddens. #blacklivesmatter #songsofchange https://t.co/RraYnGiwzT” / Twitter
    https://twitter.com/YoYo_Ma/status/1273984925121892353
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=8&v=gYDo0ZjXegM&feature=emb_logo

  • The two-year fight to stop Amazon from selling face recognition to the police
    https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/06/12/1003482/amazon-stopped-selling-police-face-recognition-fight/?truid=e240178e6fc656e71bbee1dbf6ce3de7

    This week’s moves from Amazon, Microsoft, and IBM mark a major milestone for researchers and civil rights advocates in a long and ongoing fight over face recognition in law enforcement. In the summer of 2018, nearly 70 civil rights and research organizations wrote a letter to Jeff Bezos demanding that Amazon stop providing face recognition technology to governments. As part of an increased focus on the role that tech companies were playing in enabling the US government’s tracking and (...)

    #Megvii #Microsoft #Ring #IBM #Amazon #Flickr #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #sonnette #biométrie #police #racisme #consentement #facial #reconnaissance #sexisme #vidéo-surveillance #BlackLivesMatter #discrimination #scraping #surveillance (...)

    ##ACLU

  • « Oui, nos vies comptent et nous le disons haut et fort »
    https://www.bastamag.net/Black-Lives-Matter-nos-vies-comptent-esclavage-colonisation-racisme

    La mobilisation, en France et aux États-Unis, autour du mouvement #BlackLivesMatter a remis au cœur du débat public la question du racisme. Kab Niang, journaliste au Bondy Blog, prend la plume et exprime avec force ce que veut dire, pour lui et pour les autres, ce mantra : « Nos vies comptent ». Billet. La vie à tout prix ! Nos vies, nous les Noirs, ont-elles la même valeur avec celles des autres qui ont une peau blanche quelques soient leurs origines, leurs pays, leurs villes, leurs régions où (...) #Débattre

    / #Luttes_sociales, #Discriminations, #Violences_policières

  • Black Lives Matter Highlights Adversity Facing Black Tech CEOs
    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-16/black-lives-matter-highlights-adversity-facing-black-tech-ceos?sref=aGTrS

    Will Hayes has grown accustomed to an awkward start to business meetings. On numerous occasions, venture capitalists would confuse Hayes, the head of software company Lucidworks Inc., with another man on his executive team. The investor would introduce himself, extend a handshake to the other guy and say, “Good to meet you, Will.” It’s strange because they don’t look alike. Also, Hayes is Black, and his deputy is White. This happened so many times, in dozens of meetings over many years, that (...)

    #racisme #compagnie #discrimination #BlackLivesMatter

  • Twitter deletes 170,000 accounts linked to China influence campaign
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jun/12/twitter-deletes-170000-accounts-linked-to-china-influence-campaign

    Content focused on Covid-19 and the protests in Hong Kong and over George Floyd in the US Twitter has removed more than 170,000 accounts the social media site says are state-linked influence campaigns from China focusing on Hong Kong protests, Covid-19 and the US protests in relation to George Floyd. The company announced on Thursday that 23,750 core accounts – and 150,000 “amplifier” accounts that boosted the content posted by those core accounts – had been removed from the platform after (...)

    #Twitter #manipulation #racisme #BlackLivesMatter #COVID-19 #santé

    ##santé
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/16dbc59c089360cbc0852349b44b2f00c323d793/510_259_3751_2250/master/3751.jpg

  • EU ’covered up’ Croatia’s failure to protect migrants from border brutality

    Exclusive: Brussels officials feared disclosing Zagreb’s lack of commitment to monitoring would cause ‘scandal’

    EU officials have been accused of an “outrageous cover-up” after withholding evidence of a failure by Croatia’s government to supervise #police repeatedly accused of robbing, abusing and humiliating migrants at its borders.

    Internal European commission emails seen by the Guardian reveal officials in Brussels had been fearful of a backlash when deciding against full disclosure of Croatia’s lack of commitment to a monitoring mechanism that ministers had previously agreed to fund with EU money.

    Ahead of responding to inquiries from a senior MEP in January, a commission official had warned a colleague that the Croatian government’s failure to use money earmarked two years ago for border police “will for sure be seen as a ‘scandal’”.

    Supervision of the behaviour of border officers had been the condition set on a larger grant of EU funds to Croatia. There have been multiple allegations of violent pushbacks of migrants and refugees by Croatian police on the border with Bosnia, including an incident in which a migrant was shot.

    In response to allegations of a cover-up, an EC spokesman told the Guardian that what was known had been withheld from MEPs as the information was believed to have been “incomplete”.
    Crosses on our heads to ’cure’ Covid-19: refugees report abuse by Croatian police
    Read more

    It throws a spotlight on both the Croatian government’s human rights record and the apparent willingness of the EU’s executive branch to cover for Zagreb’s failure.

    Croatia is seeking to enter the EU’s passport-free Schengen zone – a move that requires compliance with European human rights standards at borders.

    Despite heated denials by the Croatian authorities, the latest border incident has been described by aid workers as the most violent in the Balkan migration crisis. On 26 May, 11 Pakistani and five Afghan men were stopped by a group wearing black uniforms and balaclavas in the Plitvice Lakes, 16km (10 miles) into Croatia from the Bosnian border.

    “The men in uniforms tied each of the Pakistanis and Afghanis around a tree, so their wrists were bound and they had to turn their faces toward the trees,” according to a report from the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), which provides healthcare for migrants in Bosnia. “Once these people were unable to move, the men in uniforms fired several shots in the air with guns placed close to the ears of the Pakistanis and Afghanis. There were also shots fired close to their legs.’’

    “They kept shooting. They were shooting so closely that the stones under our feet were flying and being blown to pieces,” one of the men told the Guardian. “They kept saying: ‘I want to beat and kill you.’ They tortured us for three to four hours.”

    The council’s report says electro-shockers were placed on people’s necks and heads. “One of the men in uniform was cutting several victims with knives and the same person inflicted cuts on both of the palms of one person.”

    One asylum seeker said that one of the men put his knee on his neck, then cut at him with a blade. ‘‘He sliced the index finger of my left hand, and blood started spurting out like a small shower,’’ he said. “Then he smiled and cut my middle finger followed by my palm with a larger cut. The whole hand is swollen beyond recognition.”

    After a while, the men in balaclavas called other uniformed officers.

    According to the victims and a report by the DRC, “before the police arrival, one of the men in uniform made a film with his mobile phone, while others in his company were laughing, yelling and provoking”.

    Upon the arrival of police officers, the migrants were put into vans and taken to the border at Šiljkovača, a village close to Velika Kladuša. Police officers did not beat them, but ordered them into Bosnian territory.

    “All of them had bleeding wounds on their heads and numerous bruises on various parts of the body,” Nicola Bay, the DRC country director for Bosnia, told the Guardian. “Four of them had broken arms and one had a broken leg and both arms.”

    Contacted by the Guardian, the Croatian police denied the allegations and suggested that asylum seekers could have fabricated the account and that the wounds could be the result of “a confrontation among migrants” that took place ‘‘on 28 May in the vicinity of the Croatian border, near Cazin’’.

    Volunteers and charities who have treated migrants involved in the fight in Cazin, said the two incidents are unrelated and happened two days apart. Those involved in the fight in Cazin have not claimed they were attacked by the police.

    The establishment of supervisory mechanisms to ensure the humane treatment of migrants at the border had been a condition of a €6.8m (£6.1m) cash injection announced in December 2018 to strengthen Croatia’s borders with non-EU countries.

    The mechanism was publicised by the European commission as a way to “ensure that all measures applied at the EU external borders are proportionate and are in full compliance with fundamental rights and EU asylum laws”.

    Croatian ministers claimed last year that the funds had been handed over to the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Croatian Law Centre to establish the supervisory mechanism.

    Both organisations deny receiving the money.

    In January this year, the commission was asked by Clare Daly, an Irish MEP in the Independents 4 Change party, to account for the discrepancy.

    A commission official responded that the UNCHR and Croatian Law Centre had established the monitoring mechanism but from “their own funds” to ensure independence from the government.

    He added: “Hopefully [this] clarifies this matter once and for all”.

    But both organisations have again denied being involved in any monitoring project, clarifying that they had only been engaged in an earlier initiative involving the examination of police files.

    Beyond the apparent inaccuracy of the response to Daly, internal emails suggest the full facts of the “underspending” – as its known to the commission – were also withheld.

    The EC failed to inform Daly that the Croatian government had decided to ring-fence only €102,000 of the €300,000 provided for the monitoring mechanism and that ultimately only €84,672 was actually spent – €17,469.87 was given to the interior ministry and €59,637.91 went to NGOs. A roundtable conference accounted for €1,703.16.

    “While we know that there has been underspending on the €300,000 … we thought that around € 240,000 were nevertheless spent in the context of the monitoring mechanism,” an EU official had written while discussing how to deal with the MEP’s questions. “Having spent only EUR 102,000, will for sure be seen as a ‘scandal’.”

    The commission did not pass on information on the spending to Daly but privately officials agreed to seek answers urgently. They also discussed in a phone and email exchange the possibility of intervening in the member state’s planned report due to the poor handling of the matter by the Croatian government.

    “Seeing how unfortunate [Croatia] is presenting this issue, [Croatia] definitively needs (your?) help in putting some ‘final touches’ to the report,” an official in the commission’s migration department wrote to a colleague. “Will [Croatia] provide you with an advance copy of the final report?”

    Daly told the Guardian: “It is outrageous – the commission appears to be colluding with the Croatian authorities in a cover-up.”

    An EC spokesperson said the EU’s executive branch was committed to the establishment of a fully independent border monitoring mechanism.

    The spokesperson said: “We would caution against drawing misleading conclusions from reading the internal email exchanges in isolation.”

    He added: “The Croatian authorities are explaining in their final implementation report how the monitoring mechanism was established, how it works in practice and outline the results.

    “Given that the report submitted by the Croatian authorities was incomplete, the commission asked the Croatian authorities for clarifications first in writing and orally regarding outstanding issues (eg factual data confirming the achievements of the project indicators relating to internal controls and trainings).”

    https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jun/15/eu-covered-up-croatias-failure-to-protect-migrants-from-border-brutalit
    #complicité #EU #UE #Croatie #violence #réfugiés #asile #migrations #violence #violences #hauts_fonctionnaires #fonds #argent #gardes_frontière #route_des_Balkans #frontières #Plitvice_Lakes #commission_européenne #Union_européenne #couverture

    • Report from Centre for Peace Studies on the pushback of children

      On 29th May 2020, the Centre for Peace Studies – a key member of the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) – presented a new report alongside the Welcome! Initiative. Addressing the Croatian Government, the “Report on violent and illegal expulsions of children and unaccompanied children” is based on testimonies collected by activists through the BVMN shared database. The publication shares the story of children who sought protection from Croatia, and how Croatia answered in violence.

      “We came to the door of Prime Minister Plenković and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Božinović, who have been turning their backs on testimonies and accusations for years and silently pursuing a policy of flattering the European Union. Even the most vulnerable are not excluded from violence – children “, said Tea Vidović on behalf of the Welcome! Initiative.

      The report submitted to the Government by the organizations provides testimonies of children and their families and unaccompanied children on violent and illegal methods that they had to experience at the hands of police authorities. This illegal and inhuman behavior violates national laws, international law and human rights, prevents access to international protection and, most importantly, marks children’s lives. Although the Government of the Republic of Croatia and the Ministry of the Interior should take into account the special vulnerability of children, respect their rights and best interests, children experience police brutality and limitation of their freedom for hours without access to water and food.

      “While the government uses every opportunity to emphasize the importance of border protection, we wonder in which way is police protecting Croatian borders? By beating children, confiscating their personal belongings, locking children in police vans for several hours in which they are exposed to extremely high or extremely low temperatures, shooting and using electric shocks, is this how the police protect Croatian borders? ”, points out Ana Ćuća.

      The exact number of children who are victims of police brutality remains unknown. BVMN has reported 209 cases of violent and illegal expulsions of children from Croatia since 2017, while Save the Children recorded 2969 expulsions of children at the borders in the Western Balkans during the first 9 months of last year.

      Two cases are currently pending at the European Court of Human Rights against Croatia, both involving violence and pushback. The first is the case of the family of the tragically late six-year-old girl Madina Hussiny, who was killed at the Croatian-Serbian border. The second includes pushbacks, illegal detention and inhumane treatment of a 17-year-old Syrian boy by Croatian police, who was pushed back to Bosnia and Herzegovina despite seeking asylum in Croatia.

      The latest report presented is the sixth report on violent and illegal expulsions published in the last four years, and it is the collective work of the Centre for Peace Studies, the Society for Psychological Assistance, the Welcome! Initiative and the Border Violence Monitoring Network. It also brings a short graphic novel based on the story of little #Madina, a young girl killed in transit, for whose death no one has yet been held accountable.

      Therefore, the organisations ask the Government and the Ministry of the Interior to finally take responsibility and for those who sanction and carry out systematic violence. Responsible institutions are obliged to investigate those who commit violence and push back children in need of protection. All children deserve justice and protection.

      https://www.borderviolence.eu/report-from-centre-for-peace-studies-on-the-pushback-of-children
      #enfants #enfance #mineurs

      Pour télécharger le #rapport:
      https://www.cms.hr/system/article_document/doc/647/Pushback_report_on_children_and_unaccompanied_children_in_Croatia.pdf

    • Policiers croates accusés de violences contre des migrants : l’UE réclame une "enquête approfondie’’

      Après avoir été interpellée par Amnesty International sur la « violence » des policiers croates à l’égard des migrants, la Commission européenne a réclamé à Zagreb une « enquête approfondie ». L’institution prévoit d’envoyer une mission sur place, quand la situation sanitaire le permettra.

      L’Union européenne est sortie de son ’’silence’’ au sujet des accusations de violences contre des migrants perpétrées par la police croate. Vendredi 12 juin, la Commission européenne a réclamé à Zagreb une "#enquête_approfondie'' à la suite de la publication d’un rapport à charge de l’ONG Amnesty International dénonçant des #passages_à_tabac, des #tortures et des tentatives d’#humiliation de la part de policiers croates (https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/25339/on-les-suppliait-d-arreter-de-nous-frapper-ils-chantaient-et-riaient-l).

      « Nous sommes très préoccupés par ces allégations », a déclaré un porte-parole de l’exécutif européen, Adalbert Jahnz. « La #violence, l’humiliation et les #traitements_dégradants des demandeurs d’asile et migrants n’ont pas leur place dans l’Union européenne et doivent être condamnés », a-t-il assuré.

      L’Union européenne avait été directement interpellée par Amnesty International dans son rapport. Ce document affirme que 16 migrants, qui tentaient d’entrer illégalement en Croatie, ont été « ligotés, brutalement battus et torturés » pendant plusieurs heures par des forces de l’ordre, dans la nuit du 26 au 27 mai. « L’Union européenne ne peut plus rester silencieuse et ignorer délibérément les violences et les abus commis par la police croate à la frontière », avait déclaré Massimo Moratti, directeur adjoint de l’antenne européenne de l’ONG.

      https://twitter.com/Jelena_Sesar/status/1271044353629335553?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E12

      Une mission sur place quand la situation sanitaire le permettra

      L’exécutif européen a également indiqué être « en contact étroit » avec les autorités croates qui « se sont engagées à enquêter » sur ces accusations de mauvais traitements à leur frontière avec la Bosnie (https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/18721/plusieurs-migrants-retrouves-blesses-a-la-frontiere-entre-la-bosnie-et). « Nous attendons que ces accusations fassent l’objet d’une enquête approfondie et que toutes les actions nécessaires soient prises », a poursuivi le porte-parole.

      La Commission prévoit aussi d’envoyer, quand la situation sanitaire le permettra, une mission sur place, dans le cadre d’un mécanisme de surveillance du respect des droits fondamentaux par les autorités aux frontières lié à l’allocation de fonds européens.

      Le ministère croate de l’Intérieur a, de son côté, immédiatement démenti ces accusations, en ajoutant cependant qu’une enquête serait ouverte.

      Des milliers de migrants empruntent chaque année la « route des Balkans » pour essayer de rejoindre l’Europe occidentale. La plupart passent par la Croatie, pays membre de l’UE, le plus souvent en provenance de la Bosnie.


      https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/25354/policiers-croates-accuses-de-violences-contre-des-migrants-l-ue-reclam

    • Croatia: Fresh evidence of police abuse and torture of migrants and asylum-seekers

      In a horrifying escalation of police human rights violations at the Croatian border with Bosnia, a group of migrants and asylum seekers was recently bound, brutally beaten and tortured by officers who mocked their injuries and smeared food on their bleeding heads to humiliate them, Amnesty International has revealed today.

      Amnesty International spoke to six men among a group of 16 Pakistani and Afghan asylum-seekers who were apprehended by the Croatian police on the night between 26 and 27 May near Lake Plitvice, as they tried to cross the country to reach Western Europe.

      Between eight and ten people wearing black uniforms and balaclavas identical to those used by Croatia’s Special Police, fired their weapons in the air, kicked and repeatedly hit the restrained men with metal sticks, batons and pistol grips. They then rubbed ketchup, mayonnaise and sugar that they found in one of the backpacks on migrants’ bleeding heads and hair and their trousers. Amnesty International also spoke to doctors who treated the men and NGOs who witnessed their injuries.

      “The European Union can no longer remain silent and wilfully ignore the violence and abuses by Croatian police on its external borders. Their silence is allowing, and even encouraging, the perpetrators of this abuse to continue without consequences. The European Commission must investigate the latest reports of horrifying police violence against migrants and asylum-seekers.” said Massimo Moratti, Deputy Director of the Europe Office, following the latest incident on the Croatian border.

      Physical and psychological abuse

      Amir from Pakistan told Amnesty: “We were pleading with them to stop and show mercy. We were already tied, unable to move and humiliated; there was no reason to keep hitting us and torturing us.” He said the armed men showed no sympathy. “They were taking photos of us with their phones, and were singing and laughing.” Amir had a broken arm and nose, stiches on the back of his head, and visible bruising all over his face and arms.

      Ten men suffered serious injuries that night. Thirty-year-old Tariq now has both of his arms and a leg in a cast, visible cuts and bruises on his head and face and is suffering from severe chest pain.

      “They did not give us a chance to say anything at all when they caught us. They just started hitting us. While I was lying on the ground, they hit my head with the back of a gun and I started bleeding. I tried to protect my head from the blows, but they started kicking me and hitting my arms with metal sticks. I was passing in and out of consciousness the rest of the night.” Tariq is now forced to use a wheelchair to move around and it will take months before he is able to move on his own again.

      The men told Amnesty International how they felt humiliated as militia rubbed mayonnaise and ketchup on to their bloody heads and faces. One masked man squirted mayonnaise on an asylum-seeker’s trousers between his legs, while others laughed and sang “Happy Birthday” around them.

      After almost five hours of continuous abuse, the migrants were handed over to the Croatian Border Police who transported them close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina in two vans before ordering them to walk. “They were taken aback by our condition. We were drenched in blood and very shook up. We could barely stand, much less walk for hours to Bosnia. But they told us to go. They told us to carry the guys who couldn’t walk and just go.” Faisal told Amnesty.

      Some of the men eventually reached Miral, a reception centre run by the International Organization for Migration in Velika Kladusa in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but five, who were too weak to walk, stayed behind and were eventually picked up by an NGO operating in the camp.

      An emergency doctor at the medical clinic in Velika Kladusa who treated the men told Amnesty International that they all had injuries on the back of their heads which were consistent with a blow by a blunt object and required stiches. Most had multiple fractures, joint injuries, collapsed lungs, cuts and bruises and several were traumatized. Their recovery could take months.

      Routine violent pushbacks and torture by the Croatian police remain unpunished

      While only the latest in the series, the incident points to a new level of brutality and abuse by the Croatian police. In early May, the Guardian reported about a group of men who were forced across the Croatian border after being beaten and having orange crosses spray-painted on their heads. The Croatian Ministry of Interior dismissed the allegations, but the testimonies of violence and intimidation fit the trend of unlawful pushbacks taking place not only on the Croatian, but also on other external borders of the European Union.

      Numerous reports over the past three years have revealed how the Croatian border police routinely assault men, women and teenagers trying to enter the country, destroy their belongings and smash their phones before pushing them back to Bosnia. People are sometimes stripped of their clothes and shoes, and forced to walk for hours through snow and freezing cold rivers.

      A physician in the Velika Kladusa clinic told Amnesty International that approximately 60 per cent of migrants and asylum-seekers who required medical treatment reported that their injuries were inflicted by the Croatian police, while they were trying to cross the border. “Many injuries involve fractures of long bones and joints. These bones take longer to heal and their fractures render the patient incapacitated for extended periods of time. This appears to be a deliberate strategy – to cause injuries and trauma that take time to heal and would make people more reluctant to try to cross the border again or any time soon,” the physician told Amnesty International.

      The Croatian Ministry of Interior has so far dismissed these allegations, refusing to carry out independent and effective investigations into reported abuses or hold its officers to account. In a climate of pervasive impunity, unlawful returns and violence at the border have only escalated. Amnesty International has shared the details of this incident with the Ministry of Interior, but has not received an official response.

      The EU’s failure to hold Croatia to account

      The European Commission has remained silent in the face of multiple, credible reports of gross human rights abuses at the Croatian border and repeated calls by the European Parliament to investigate the allegations. Furthermore, Croatia remains a beneficiary of nearly EURO 7 million of EU assistance for border security, the vast majority of which is spent on infrastructure, equipping border police and even paying police salaries. Even the small proportion (EURO 300,000) that the Commission had earmarked for a mechanism to monitor that the border measures comply with fundamental rights and EU asylum laws, has been no more than a fig leaf. Last year, the Commission recommended Croatia’s full accession to the Schengen Area despite human rights abuses already being commonplace there.

      “The European Commission cannot continue to turn a blind eye to blatant breaches of EU law as people are being branded with crosses on their heads or brutally tortured and humiliated by Croatian police. We expect nothing less than the condemnation of these acts and an independent investigation into reported abuses, as well as the establishment of an effective mechanism to ensure that EU funds are not used to commit torture and unlawful returns. Failing urgent action, Croatia’s inhumane migration practices will turn the EU into an accomplice in major human rights violations taking place at its doorstep,” said Massimo Moratti.

      Violent pushbacks from Croatian border have been a regular occurrence since late 2017. The Danish Refugee Council recorded close to 7,000 cases of forcible deportations and unlawful returns to Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2019, most of which were accompanied by reported violence and intimidation by Croatian police. Despite the brief respite during the lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic, pushbacks continue with 1600 cases reported only in April. The figures are increasing daily, as the restrictions across the region are being lifted and the weather is turning milder.

      Amnesty International has interviewed over 160 people who have been pushed back or returned to Bosnia and Herzegovina since July 2018. Nearly one third reported being beaten, having their documents and telephones stolen, and verbally abused in what appears to be a deliberate policy designed to deter future attempts to enter the country.

      https://www.amnesty.eu/news/croatia-fresh-evidence-of-police-abuse-and-torture-of-migrants-and-asylum-se
      #rapport #Amnesty_international

    • Croatia, police abuse is systemic

      While the world is outraged and protests after George Floyd’s death to denounce institutionalised violence, migrants have been beaten and tortured on the Balkan route for years. A brutal practice often covered up, even by the EU itself.

      George Floyd’s death on May 25th sparked protests around the world against police violence and institutional racism. In the Balkans as elsewhere, sit-ins have been held in support of #BlackLivesMatter , followed by calls to report abuses committed locally by the police. And in the region there is no lack of such abuses. In fact, police violence is routine on the “Balkan route”, the flow of migrants and refugees that has crossed the peninsula since 2015 in the hope of reaching the European Union. The events of the past few weeks have unfortunately confirmed once again the link between police brutality and immigration, bringing us back to the Croatian-Bosnian border. It is a story of systemic abuse, both proven and covered up, which involves a member state of the EU, candidate for accession to the Schengen area and, according to the latest revelations of The Guardian, the European Commission itself.
      Torture in Croatia

      When it comes to police abuse on the Croatian-Bosnian border, one does not really know where to start. The accidents recorded in recent years are so many that we can no longer even speak of “accidents”, or unexpected events. On the contrary, violence is rather a common practice, the only news being the increase in brutality by the agents, who have gone from illegal pushbacks to outright torture.

      “We rarely use the word ’torture’ in Europe, but in this case we had to”, explains Massimo Moratti, deputy director of the Europe office of Amnesty International (AI). Last week, AI published yet another report of the mistreatment of migrants by the Croatian police along the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mistreatment is an understatement. The testimonies collected no longer speak of broken mobile phones, or – as has happened more recently – destroyed with a screwdriver to prevent recharging, but instead contain “actual sadism”, as Moratti puts it.

      The case in question is that of 16 Pakistani and Afghan asylum seekers arrested by the Croatian police near the Plitvice lakes between May 26th and 27th. Their testimony is chilling. “We asked them to stop and show mercy. We were already tied up, there was no reason to continue hitting and torturing us", Amir told Amnesty International. Singing and filming on mobile phones, the agents continued to beat the 16 unfortunate men hard, finally smearing their wounds with ketchup and mayonnaise found in the backpack of one of the migrants. Eventually, the group was brought back to the border and forced to walk to Bosnia. Those who were unable to walk, because they are now in a wheelchair, had to be transported by others.

      “It is a pattern, a trend. These are the same practices that we have already seen in Hungary in 2015, 2016, and 2017. Dogs, sticks, broken bones... The goal is to intimidate and frighten so that no one tries to cross the border anymore", resumes Massimo Moratti, who adds: “the fractures we saw in the latter case will take months to heal”. The Amnesty International report and the attached photos tell the rest.
      Four years of violence

      How did we get to this? It is useful to make a brief summary of recent years to understand the evolution of violence. First, the “Balkan route” became a media phenomenon in the summer of 2015, when hundreds of thousands of Syrians, Iraqis, and Afghans began to travel up the Balkan peninsula to reach the European Union. At the beginning, the destination of the route was Hungary, then, with the closure of the Hungarian wall, it became Croatia, which leads to Slovenia and then to the Schengen area. In 2015, Croatian policemen showed themselves to be tolerant and benevolent, as reminded by this cover of Jutarnji List .

      In the spring of 2016, the agreement between the EU and Turkey led to the closure of the Balkan route and a change of pace. “The first case of pushback is registered in 2016 on the Serbo-Croatian border. In 2017, we have the first cases of violence", says Antonia Pindulić, legal advisor to the Centre for Peace Studies (CMS) in Zagreb. At the end of 2017, Madina Hussiny, 6, died hit by a train while returning from Croatia to Serbia following the tracks. Together with her family, she had been illegally pushed back by the Croatian policemen.

      In the summer of 2018, the Croatian police fired on a van that carried 29 migrants and refused to stop. Nine people were injured and two minors ended up in hospital in serious conditions. Since then, it has been a crescendo of accidents, especially on the Croatian-Bosnian border, where what remains of the Balkan route passes. Here, the testimonies collected by NGOs speak of beatings, theft, destruction of mobile phones and, as always, illegal pushbacks. Then, the situation has deteriorated up to the torture of the last few weeks. All in the silence of the authorities.
      The silence of the institutions

      How could the Zagreb government not complete an investigation in four years, address the police abuse, punish the guilty? It just didn’t. In fact, Andrej Plenković’s government has just “denied everything” for four years, while “no investigation has produced results”, as Antonia Pindulić of CMS summarises. And this despite the fact that there have been complaints from NGOs and also the actions of the institutions themselves in Croatia.

      “In 2019, a group of policement wrote an anonymous letter to the Croatian Ombudswoman asking to be protected from having to carry out illegal orders”, recalls Pindulić. The agents then revealed the pushback technique: GPS off, communications only on Whatsapp or Viber, no official report. Also in 2019, then President Kolinda Grabar Kitarović had let slip , during an interview on Swiss television, that “of course, a little strength is needed when making pushbacks”. Later, she said she had been misunderstood.

      After dozens of complaints have fallen on deaf ears and after in 2018 the Ombudswoman, in her investigations, had been denied access to video surveillance videos with the excuse that they were lost, the CMS decided a couple of weeks ago to file a complaint “against unknown police officers” guilty of “degrading treatment and torture against 33 people” and “violent and illegal expulsion [of these people, ed.] from the territory of the Republic of Croatia to Bosnia and Herzegovina”. “We hope that the prosecutor will open an investigation and that people who have violated the law are identified. But since the institutions themselves have violated the law for four years, I don’t know what we can expect”, says Antonia Pindulić.

      The complaint filed brings together four cases, all of which occurred at the beginning of May 2020. “We suspect that the cases are linked to each other, as all the migrants and refugees involved have reported beatings, theft of their belongings, being stripped and, above all, having a cross drawn on their head with orange spray”, says Antonia Pindulić. This very detail had brought the story on the Guardian and sparked controversy in Croatia.
      Towards a turning point?

      In their brutality, the cases seem to repeat themselves without any change in sight. But the Croatian government may soon be forced to answer for what appears to be institutionalised violence. Not only the legal action taken by the CMS “could likely end in Strasbourg”, as Massimo Moratti of Amnesty International speculates, but a lawsuit filed by three Syrian refugees against Croatia reached the European Court of Human Rights at the end of the May . And last week, after the publication of the AI ​​report, the European Commission announced that an observation mission will be sent to Croatia.

      And there is more. This week, the Guardian also revealed that communications between officials of the European Commission show how the European body “covered up Croatia’s failure to protect migrants from brutality on the border”. In question are the European funding received from Zagreb for border security: 7 million Euros, of which 300,000 for the implementation of an independent control mechanism that should have supervised the work of the police. Not only has the mechanism never been implemented, but there have been contradictory communications in this regard, with the Commission declaring that UNHCR was part of the mechanism and the latter publicly denying at the end of 2019 .

      In short, although Brussels allocated a (small) budget for the control of the brutality of Croatian agents, the mechanism that was to be activated with those funds was never created. And the Commission is aware of this. How long, then, will the Plenković government manage to hide its system of violence on the Bosnian border?

      https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Croatia/Croatia-police-abuse-is-systemic-202952

      #violence_systémique

  • [Chroniques Mutantes ] Chroniques Mutantes #255
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-255

    Après plusieurs semaines d’émissions en direct de Naast Monique, les mutantes sont de retour dans les studios de Radio Panik !

    Au programme : Extraits des discours de la manifestation #Blacklivesmatter du dimanche 7 juin. Séquence oeunologique : L’Amicale de la Pédale Non-chroniques sur ce que font des fées qui se retrouvent dans un parc. Manifeste pour l’abolition de la police, du maintien de l’ordre et du système carcéral Chronique politique du sud de la France Billet : Pas de pride !

    Playlist :

    Tapes - Held the hand (Daniel Johnston cover)

    Martha Da’Ro - STFU

    Danny Denial - White tears, fake queers

    Daisy Mortem - Distance (...)

    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/chroniques-mutantes-/chroniques-mutantes-255_09294__1.mp3

  • États-Unis : la reconnaissance faciale accusée de favoriser les biais racistes
    https://www.franceculture.fr/societe/etats-unis-la-reconnaissance-faciale-accusee-de-favoriser-les-biais-ra

    D’abord IBM, puis Amazon et Microsoft. Dans le sillage de Black Lives Matter, les géants américains du numérique arrêtent ou suspendent leurs projets dans la reconnaissance faciale, accusée de reproduire des biais ethniques lorsqu’elle est utilisée par la police. C’est une technologie qui n’a plus le vent en poupe aux États-Unis. La reconnaissance faciale, adoptée par de nombreuses polices pour identifier et trouver plus rapidement des suspects, est aujourd’hui accusée d’aggraver les discriminations (...)

    #Google #Microsoft #MIT #IBM #FBI #Amazon #GoogleImages #algorithme #CCTV #Predpol #Rekognition #biométrie #racisme #facial #prédiction #reconnaissance #BlackLivesMatter #discrimination #lobbying #MinorityReport (...)

    ##sexisme