#bosnie-herzégovine

  • No Coronavirus Cases Found Yet Among Migrants, Refugees in Bosnia

    https://balkaninsight.com/2020/04/06/no-coronavirus-cases-found-yet-among-migrants-refugees-in-bosnia

    The IOM says it has not found any cases of COVID-19 among the thousands of migrants and refugees hosted in centres it manages in Bosnia – though several hundred recent arrivals have been placed in isolation as a precautionary measure.

    The International Organization for Migration, IOM, which manages temporary reception centres, TRCs, for migrants and refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina, told BIRN it had found no cases of coronavirus among the roughly 6,500 migrants held in them.

    “So far, there have been no suspected cases with pronounced symptoms, and one person referred for testing … tested negative,” Edita Selimbegovic, an IOM information officer told BIRN.

    Despite that, 715 migrants and refugees in centres located in the Una-Sana Canton, in western Bosnia, are being held in isolation in special rooms as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, Nermina Cemalovic, Health Minister for the canton, told the media on Thursday.

    Selimbegovic said they were not thought to be ill; they were only being kept in isolation because they had arrived in the country recently.

    “Just like any citizens or foreigners arriving in Bosnia from abroad, they are kept in isolation as a precautionary measure to prevent them from bringing COVID-19 to other beneficiaries of the centres,” Selimbegovic said.

    Many are migrants and refugees returning from failed attempts to cross the Bosnia border into EU-member Croatia, who are then treated like new arrivals in Bosnia, and put for 14 days in a separate isolation area.

    Minister Cemalovic said the situation was most critical in the Miral reception centre in the northwestern town of Velika Kladusa, near Croatia, which currently houses about 1,100 migrants and refugees – significantly higher than the projected capacity.

    “A few days ago, about 200 migrants crossed the [camp] fence and simply entered the camp. They had been returned from Slovenia and were immediately put in isolation. We are following the situation and so far have recorded four mild cases of illness, two in Miral and two in Sedra [another TRC]. They have no temperatures, have a cough, and their condition is under control,” Cemalovic said.

    All TRCs in Bosnia now have quarantine spaces where migrants and refugees who have COVID19-like symptoms can be placed. All the centres provide healthcare. The Danish Refugee Council, DRC, is in charge of medical co-ordination at the TRCs and works in conjunction with cantonal health teams.

    However, many migrants and refugees in Bosnia are not staying in TRCs, so their health status is less clear. Bosnian police routinely find them on the streets and take them to the TRCs. Many are not even aware of the new measures introduced in Bosnia, such as bans on outdoor movement and the curfew.

    Amid fears that their uncontrolled movement around the country could spread COVID-19, the authorities have introduced tighter controls in the reception centres, which migrants and refugees can no longer leave, or enter.

    In the northwestern town of Bihac, this has created major difficulties for local authorities. Hundreds of them – for whom there is now no space in the TRCs – have been left to roam in ruins and parks.

    A decision was made to establish a temporary tent settlement for them in controlled conditions in the village of Lipa, some 20 kilometres from Bihac, but this has not been completed yet.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Camp #Isolation #UnaSanaCanton #Miral #VelikaKladusa #Sedra #Bihac #Lipa #Quarantaine #Encampement #Squat #Refoulements #Croatie #Slovénie

  • Greece confirms first coronavirus case in migrant camp

    https://www.ft.com/content/cee3c95d-f2cd-4529-828f-637a1a9ab380

    Greece has confirmed the first case of coronavirus in a migrant camp on the mainland, as public health workers warn of a humanitarian disaster if the highly contagious disease takes hold in the overcrowded settlements.

    On Tuesday, an asylum seeker who had been living in a camp outside Athens tested positive for the virus after giving birth at a clinic, the first recorded case among an estimated 60,000 refugees and migrants living in camps on the eastern Aegean Islands and remote areas of mainland Greece.

    It is not clear where the woman contracted the virus.

    Migrants describe a climate of fear as they live packed together with little water, sanitation or information about the coronavirus crisis that is raging across Europe. 

    “What hope do we have of defending ourselves from corona? ” said Ahmad, on the phone from a camp under lockdown in northern Greece. He shares his small living space with five other men, his cooking facilities with dozens of people, and his camp recently had no running water for 10 days. 

    Six people have also tested positive for coronavirus on the Greek island of Lesbos, home to the 20,000-strong Moria camp that activists say is particularly ill-equipped to handle an outbreak.

    Residents have been ordered not to leave the camp, even to collect their monthly stipend in the nearby town as police step up patrols on the roads nearby.

    “There are areas in the Lesbos camp […] where there is one water point for 1,300 people. There is one toilet for 167 people. And there is one shower for 200 people,” says Apostolos Veizis, head of mission in Greece for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), or Doctors without Borders. “So when we call for people to stay home, this is the paradox: what home?”

    Public health experts say the situation is not only a humanitarian failure, it risks undermining the fight against the pandemic in Europe. 

    “Either we include everyone in this strategy, or we strategically fail. Not including these populations is a recipe for failure for our whole society,” said Karl Blanchet, a public health professor and director of the Geneva-based Centre for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action.

    Human Rights Watch and MSF are calling for the immediate evacuation of overcrowded island camps. Sea Watch, a search and rescue group, has proposed that decommissioned cruise ships could house those who have been evacuated. 

    The European Commission says the risk of a coronavirus outbreak in the migrant camps is “of concern to us and to the Greek authorities” and is seeking to speed up the transfer of people from Greek islands — which host some 41,000 in camps — to the mainland. 

    Athens has also announced measures to improve screening and limit groups or visitors, measures Mr Dr Veizis said would do little good given the already unhygienic, overcrowded conditions.

    Meanwhile, despite coronavirus being spread by close human contact, other countries in south-east Europe have been accelerating moves to corral migrants into camps.

    Editor’s note

    The Financial Times is making key coronavirus coverage free to read to help everyone stay informed. Find the latest here.

    Migrants have been forced into makeshift settlements in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Serbia some migrants said they had no access to disinfectants or gloves and that camps were under military guard. In some camps, those with a fever said they were left among the camp population while others were whisked into isolation. Some anxious residents wondered whether a coronavirus outbreak had begun.

    “The scariest thing is we have no idea who might be sick and who isn’t,” said Mohammed, living in Serbia’s Sombor camp.

    Many Balkan states appeared to be trying to push migrants across their borders and into Serbia, where the migrant population in its camps climbed from 5,000 to 8,000 in just a few weeks.

    “They [other Balkan states] have taken note of Serbia’s relatively open stance and are pushing migrants into their territories as they try to get rid of migrants in this Covid-19 crisis period,” said Stefan Lehmeier, the deputy director of International Rescue Committee in Europe, “I’m not sure what governments intend to do — the migrants cannot make themselves disappear.”

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Camp #Lesbos #Moria #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Serbie

  • CARITAS 6 APRIL 2020

    We keep working regardless of the virus. Migrants need our support more than ever!

    https://www.caritas.eu/migrants-struggling-in-the-face-of-covid-19

    On 17 March, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared a state of emergency due to the coronavirus. As in many other countries in Europe and the world over, the consequences of the outbreak are problematic and serious. For example, many people have lost their temporary jobs. The country is struggling to develop a strategy to support the hundreds of migrants who are living on the streets or in non-suitable accommodations outside dedicated camps, which are already crowded and operating at full capacity. Each of the ten cantons of the federation has its own agenda and responsibilities, which does not make things any easier.

    The situation of migrants is indeed of great concern. In Tuzla, migrants and asylum seekers are not allowed to gather in one place, making it difficult for NGOs to assist them. There are still some local citizens who show their empathy and support as they can, for example by distributing blankets and sleeping bags. However, the vast majority of the local community is living in distress and showing a hostile attitude towards migrants. The Red Cross is the only organisation allowed to distribute food, but in a very restricted way.

    Migrants and asylum seekers are human beings who need to eat, sleep and be protected in a dignified way. Their living standards are minimal, yet they fear to ask for help and feel that they need to hide from other people and from the police. Nobody should ever feel unwelcome and lost, even less so during a pandemic. Now there are restrictions also on renting houses, rooms or other type of shelters. Even persons wishing to help find it very difficult to do so.

    In Tuzla, the local NGOs operate as one. For example, one of Caritas’ partner organisations opened a new safe house. Caritas does not close under these difficult circumstances either and continues to operate the laundry service to ensure a minimum standard of hygiene for those in need. The Caritas laundry service in the Bira camp is also still working every day. Now, it is needed more than ever!

    Blažuj camp
    In the Sarajevo canton, the treatment of migrants and asylum seekers is a little bit better. The police is patrolling the area and if they see any migrants, they drive them to Blažuj. This new camp has a capacity to house 1,500 people, but the conditions are incredibly challenging. The residents find it hard to endure the imposed isolation and some tend to leave after a few hours. Many migrants and asylum seekers are afraid of each other, especially since they need to stay in rooms with many people they do not know – different nationalities, with different languages and cultural differences! Hygiene keeps being a major issue: in Blažuj there is running water, but there is no laundry service, for example. Also, the residents still lack hygiene products like soap, shampoo and toothpaste, which in the current situation are very precious.

    The number of persons currently accommodated in Blažuj camp is very high; in fact, it is not even clear how many there are exactly. These people are not allowed to leave the camp, despite that there isn’t enough food for everybody. Even if they could leave, shops in the village display signs saying migrants are not welcome as customers, even if they have money.

    Living in squats
    Migrants who do not want or cannot go to the camps are living in squats. Only those who are not aware of the lock-down or who are desperate for money come out and risk to be taken to a camp. The people living in these squats are hungry and cold; yet, they manage to maintain a positive attitude: the memory of the long journeys they had to travel are enough to keep them hopeful now. But they need more help. Caritas receives many calls for assistance from them. Some of them are desperate for food or other basic necessities. We know that we cannot respond to all this by ourselves, so we try our best to join forces with other local partners to exchange information and find solutions where we can. We simply cannot accept to see people going hungry in the 21st Century. The migrants in squats live in extremely poor conditions, without water nor electricity. Most of the squats are located in ruined, abandoned houses without windows and with living spaces as tiny as broom closets. One such squat is a shelter hosting 40 young men; some lucky ones have tents to stay in.

    The coronavirus pandemic is affecting the daily lives of all people in Bosnia and Herzegovina. But, it is those most vulnerable who are the most highly impacted, and migrants and refugees are for sure among them.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Tuzla #Sarajevo #Blažuj #Camp #Squat

  • Balkan Countries Close Border Crossings to Stop Coronavirus

    https://balkaninsight.com/2020/03/13/balkan-countries-close-border-crossings-to-stop-coronavirus

    To slow the spread of the coronavirus, several Balkan countries have closed most of their border crossings with neighbouring states, making travel in some parts of the region practically impossible.

    Serbia, Albania and Romania have closed many of their border crossings in order to combat the spread of the coronavirus, leaving some parts of the Balkans practically cut off for civil traffic.

    All countries of the region have either banned entry or introduced special restrictive measures for passengers arriving from countries with mid to high to risk of coronavirus.

    Serbia has closed 44 border crossings with neighbouring Romania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Croatia, so that its border police can focus on the main and most frequently used crossings. Crossings have been closed mainly to increase staff numbers on the main crossings that remain open. Most closed borders are road border crossings but river, railway and ferry transport is also affected.

    Romania has closed several crossing points that connect the country by land with its neighbours. The closures affect crossings to Hungary, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Moldova, the Interior Minister, Marcel Vela, announced on Thursday night. He also said the Serbian authorities had unilaterally closed several crossing points, presumably without informing Romania first. The crossings at the Iron Gates, Moravita and Jimbolia remain open on the border with Serbia, Vela added.

    Albania has unilaterally closed several border crossings with neighbouring Montenegro, Kosovo and North Macedonia.

    North Macedonia has not closed any borders so far, but, as a result of the unilateral moves made by its neighbours, two crossings with Serbia and three with Albania are closed. Traffic with Serbia continues only through the main Tabanovce crossing.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina has not closed any of its borders, though passenger control measures have been strengthened and a temporary entry ban has been imposed on arrivals from the countries worst affected by the coronavirus pandemic.

    Croatia has also not closed its borders, even with Italy, the worst affected country in Europe. A government session on Friday was expected to clarify whether the crossings will remain open or not.

    In Montenegro, the border crossing with Albania at Sukobin-Muricani was closed on Friday morning on the request of Albania. Border crossings with Serbia in Jabuka near Pljevlja and at Godovo near Rozaje were closed on Thursday at the request of Serbia.

    Moldova has not closed border crossings, but its neighbours, Ukraine and Romania, have closed some crossings, making travel there harder. Bulgaria also has not closed any border crossings, except those closed from the Serbian side.

    #Covid-19 #migrant #migration #Balkans #Serbie #Albanie #Roumanie #Bulgarie #RépubliquedeMacédoine #Monténégro #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Kosovo #Croatie #Frontière

  • Are You Syrious Daily Digest 6/4/20

    https://medium.com/are-you-syrious/ays-daily-digest-6-4-20-riot-police-violently-raids-a-detention-centre-in-gr

    70members of the riot police stormed a detention centre and were beating the confined people confined with batons. Reportedly, there are five people in a critical condition, many were injured and people had not been given food for a long time, according to the first reports that AYS and other groups received.
    The most comprehensive report of the incident reads: The government and the Minister of Civil Protection are responsible for the barbaric crackdown on migrant protests over food in the midst of the corona pandemic. Not only are they cynically indifferent to the human lives of the 450 migrants held in the PRO.KE.K.A (Pre-removal Detention Centre), but they are endangering their health with bad food and that of poor nutrition quality.
    On April 3, when the food arrived, they found that it was not eatable, and refused to eat it. This kind of food was simply “not for humans”.
    Officials have promised that this will change, which did not happen, however.
    Then, starting with a large group of Arab protesters came out of the cells, almost everybody went to the rooftop and started a hunger strike. This was followed by an attack of the police in full battle gear. The police took them out of the cells, hitting them with batons, while they also used electric tasers, as the people complained. Dozens of people were beaten for taking part while lying in the yard, it is reported.
    They smashed the cameras on their phones so they can’t take pictures of the injuries. And they haven’t given them food since then. According to police sources, a man was taken to the hospital in critical condition.

    Underlying racism in official reporting

    There is underlying racism in the way Greece reports about COVID-19, separating the report on the general number of infected people and the number of infected people inside the camps. It is clear that if COVID-19 is present in the camps, it came from outside the camps. These types of reports leave room for interpretations, and all kinds of conclusions and conspiracy theories that connect people on the move currently trapped in the camps with COVID-19. In this way they spread a dehumanizing rhetoric very present in governmental reporting, but also within the bureaucratic reports of the big organisations following their lead.

    Illegal Deportations and Pushbacks to Turkey, Ordered by the Greek Government, Executed by the Greek Coast Guard
    Aegean Boat Report reports:
    “While the eyes of the world are occupied with the COVID-19 pandemic, Greek government seems to be taking advantage of the situation, a new tactic to tackle flows towards the Greek Aegean islands has been implemented.
    In the last weeks at least nine incidents of people being found drifting in the sea, in life rafts without propellant, has been reported by Turkish coast guard. This could easily have been disregarded as Turkish propaganda, if it hadn’t been for the evidence from Samos.
    April 1th at 08.00 a boat landed on Mourtia Beach, Samos east, carrying approximately 25 people. There where several people on the beach this morning witnessing the landing, pictures, and videos was taken. Port police were called by a person on-site, later port police denied having received any information on such incident, and that no new arrivals had been reported on Samos.
    Witnesses report that two boats from HCG arrived in Mourtia bay after the landing, the refugees were taken on one of the boats from port police, a boat took off heading southeast. A picture taken by a local journalist shows that two boats from HCG were in fact in Mourtia bay this morning, but port police deny that any of their vessels were in the area this morning.
    The last boat that landed in Mourtia beach was February 19th, nevertheless, later this very day people who walk on this beach every day, found a rubber boat, engine, a fuel tank and clothes that weren’t there the day before. Port police told people who contacted them about this that there had been no arrivals, and that they should remember that it was April fools day.
    Turkish Coast guard picked up 26 people 13.30 this same day, in a life raft that had drifted towards Aydin national park, 10 children, 6 women and 10 men. According to the statement from the passengers, obtained by TCG, they claimed that they had crossed to the island of Samos; were later rounded up by the Greek Coast guard, put on a life raft, and dragged to Turkish waters.
    Pictures taken by locals from Mourtia Beach, compared to pictures taken by Turkish coast guard leaves no doubt, people photographed on Samos is the same that TCG found drifting in a raft outside Aydin national park. When we also take into account the statements from locals regarding this landing, the evidence is overwhelming.
    If this had been an isolated incident, this could have been an HCG crew taking things in their own hands, but it’s not. Nine known cases in the last two weeks, from Simi in the south to Lesvos in the north, shows that this is not an isolated incident, this is boat crews acting on orders from the top.”

    Due to a dispute between local government and the Greek Ministry of migration, 152 new arrivals on Lesvos are still stuck out in the open without any sufficient infrastructure which meets basic needs, such as electricity, toilets or other sanitary facilities, @f_grillmeier (Twitter) reported. 25 people of those 152 who also arrived after March 1 have been staying in a discarded bus at Mytilini Harbour close to an old swimming pool, but have now been tranferred to Kara Tepe.

    56people are in tents and underneath broken boats close to Petra, 32 people are reportedly in staying tents at mountain-region of Agios Stefanos, 39 in a chapel close to Kliou, north. According to the media, the local government has not indicated a safe temporary place for those who have to quarantine for 14 days after arrival. The Ministry of Migration says that it is the responsibility of local authorities.

    Anxiety and Despair Among People Confined in Camps Across the Country
    As a consequence of the locked camps’ regime that seems to be unsustainable in the long run, as it is now, there is growing despair among the people held in the centres across Serbia, guarded by the army. The people staying in these camps are complaining that they are not allowed to provide their families and themselves with enough proper food for a healthier survival within the facilities in which they are held. They say that in the Krnjača camp there is a small shop with no clear pricing, and everything is much more expensive than in the other shops outside of the camp. They are forced to buy food in these shops which they claim are owned by some of the staff, and even there not everyone gets to have a chance to shop.

    The SCRM introduced obligatory isolation for new arrivals sent to Preševo camp, which with a population of 1,501 making it the largest camp .
    Growing mental health issues, gaps in service provision and supply, conflicts between different groups and the toxic influence of smugglers’ propaganda inspiring some to protest violently, these are some of the issues InfoPark documented from the testimonies of people held in these centres.

    CROATIA
    Pushbacks continue
    Although the official sources claim the “pressure on the border” has reduced, and that there are not that many people trying to cross the green border into Croatia, the reports on pushbacks have not ceased. AYS has received information on several cases of pushbacks in the area close to Velika Kladuša in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also, L’ ALTRA VOCE have recently shared an account of a pushback of a group of boys who tried to enter Croatia, but were beaten up and had their belongings taken away, they say. The images they sent them display heavily bruised arms and extremities on the boys’ bodies.
    Sixteen cops beat them with great violence using steel bars. They insulted and beat them. Then they took everything away from him: cell phones, money, shoes, jackets. And they pushed them into the cold water of a river.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Détention #Camp #Racisme #Refoulement #Merégée #Turquie #Samos #Mourtia #Mythilène #karatepe #Agiosstefanos #Petra #Kliou #Klidi #Sintiki #Privatisation #Serbie #Armée #Presevo #Krnjaca #Santémentale #Croatie #Refoulement #Velikakladusa #Bosnie-Herzégovine

  • INFOPARK Weekly : 1 – 7 April 2020 - 012

    Serbia

    Beginning of April was marked with a significant deterioration of atmosphere in some of the camps, especially the big ones. Two massive fights occurred in Obrenovac RC (5 April) and Krnjaca AC (6 April) centers, involving up to 150 persons. In both incidents, the migrants tried to escape, the SCRM staff was attacked so gendarmerie and army had to intervene, including shooting live bullets in the air in Krnjača. Since yesterday, Obrenovac camp is loaded with a heavy presence of Ministry of Interior (MoI) forces controlling the situation, while Krnjača is guarded by armored vehicles. In many camps security forces scaled up the measures to prevent migrants from attempts to escape, although in smaller centers the situation remained calmer.

    Info Park believes that negative developments came as a consequence of locked camps’ regime that seems to be unsustainable on a long run as it is now. Info Park learned from migrants about growing mental health issues, gaps in service provision and supply, conflicts between different ethnic groups and toxic influence of smugglers’ propaganda inspiring some to protest violently. At the end of this bulletin please kindly find enclosed an appendix on Mental Health of Refugees and Migrants written by Info Park protection expert Ivana Anđelković (PhD candidate at University of Nis, department of psychology).

    As Serbia registers constant rise of COVID-19 cases (8,552 tested, 2,200 infected and death toll of 58), fortunately there is still no confirmed coronavirus among migrants in the country, even though migrant population is at higher risk being with limited access to information and healthcare services. Until this weekend, 8 migrants were tested, all negative. The SCRM introduced an obligatory isolation for new arrivals sent to Preševo camp which is the largest camp with 1,501 migrants currently placed.

    Number of migrants in Serbia continued to slowly rise due to pushbacks from Hungary, returns from Bosnia and new arrivals. Currently, 8,743 migrants are in 17 camps. The Miratovac makeshift camp is completed but is still waiting for the first visitors.

    The recently established anti-migrant Facebook group “STOP Naseljavanju migranata” (Stop Populating Migrants in Serbia) stirred a lot of controversy due to high presence of hate speech and fake news. One of the group founders from Obrenovac was detained for 48 hours following a report from a CyberCrime unit of MoI, after he publicly called for murdering migrants. The group was joined by 265,000 members in mere 10 days, marking an alarming rise of extreme right wing focused on migrant issue in Serbia.

    After Bujanovac, Adasevci, Vranje and Principovac, migrants in Sombor Reception Center have also started sewing protective face masks for the employees of the Serbian Commissariat and themselves. This way they are not only contributing to the COVID-19 response but also sharing and returning solidarity and care.

    Bosnia & Herzegovina

    According to the Bosnian authorities and International Organization for Migration, there are no COVID-19 cases among thousands of migrants and refugees hosted in B&H centers. However, several hundred of those recently arrived are placed in isolation as a precautionary measure.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Camp #Obrenovac #Krnjaca #Armée #Gendarmerie #Violence #Infopark #Santémentale #Presevo #Refoulement #frontière #Hongrie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Miratovac #Xenophobie #Violence #Bujanovac #Adasevci #Vranje #Principovac #Sombor

    • –-> ce que je fais, je mentionne la source, en disant par qui, comment et quand j’ai reçu l’info.
      Ici par exemple : https://seenthis.net/messages/809727

      Et si tu as reçu un rapport en pdf, tu en faire une image (il y a des logiciels en ligne pour convertir des pdf en .jpg).
      Les images qui ne sont pas publiées sur un site web, il faut les stocker ailleurs et puis les intégrer dans seenthis (moi j’utilise imgur.com).
      Et pour les images qui sont publiées sur un site web, il faut cliquer (clic droit) sur l’image et choisir « copier l’adresse de l’image » et puis le coller dans là tu écris sur seenthis. Attention, ça ne marche pas tout le temps car parfois les images sont protégées... Alors il faut ajouter à la fin de l’URL « #.jpg » (et parfois ça ne marche pas non plus, mais souvent oui !)

      Et sinon, c’est bien d’utiliser les petits boutons pour éditer le texte de ton post en italique, mode citation, gras (boutons en haut à droit de l’espace de rédaction :

  • BOSNIE-HERZÉGOVINE : LA REPUBLIKA SRPSKA MET LA DIASPORA EN QUARANTAINE

    Pour lutter contre la propagation du coronavirus, les autorités de Republika Srspka ont décidé de serrer la vis, imposant un confinement de 14 jours aux étudiants et aux travailleurs qui reviennent au pays. Plus de 13 000 personnes sont d’ores et déjà à l’isolement dans l’entité serbe de Bosnie-Herzégovine.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Bosnie-Herzegovine-republika-srpska-coronavirus-diaspora-quaranta

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Republikasrpska #diaspora #quarantaine

  • Nei Balcani è caccia ai profughi: in fuga dai rastrellamenti “anti Covid”

    Scappano a decine per sottrarsi a violenze e campi di detenzione. Protestano le Ong.

    Non fuggono dal Covid, ma dai campi di prigionia e dalle misure repressive messe in campo con il pretesto della tutela della salute pubblica. Fuggono anche dall’asse di Visegrad, condannato ieri in via definitiva dalla Corte di giustizia dell’Ue, che ha giudicato non conforme ai trattati i “muri” di Polonia, Ungheria e Repubblica Ceca, sordi ai richiami della redistribuzione dei migranti. La rotta balcanica non è mai stata facile per i senza patria che l’attraversano. La riprova è arrivata dalla Corte del Lussemburgo, chiamata a decidere sulle scelte dei tre Paesi membri giudicati colpevoli di non aver accettato profughi da Italia e soprattutto Grecia, come stabilito dal programma avviato nel 2015. «Rifiutando di conformarsi al meccanismo temporaneo di ricollocazione di richiedenti protezione internazionale» il gruppo di Visegrad è venuto meno «agli obblighi incombenti in forza del diritto dell’Unione», hanno scritto i giudici.

    «La Corte è stata cristallina quanto alla responsabilità degli Stati membri. Adesso – ha annunciato la presidente della Commissione, Ursula von der Leyen – ci stiamo attivando per redigere il patto sulle migrazioni che presenteremo dopo Pasqua».

    Non sarà facile fare dei passi avanti. I progetti dell’Ue dovranno fare i conti anche con i “pieni poteri” del magiaro Viktor Orbán e dei suoi emuli nei dintorni. Il timore per il coronavirus è giustificato, specie in Paesi che non godono di un efficiente servizio sanitario. Ma le risposte vengono contestate dalle organizzazioni umanitarie internazionali, preoccupate dalla diffusa spinta all’autoritarismo.

    A #Sarajevo la polizia da giorni sta confinando i migranti in un centro di detenzione alla periferia della capitale. Vengono bloccati lungo le strade e trasportati a forza. La prossima settimana analoghi rastrellamenti verranno condotti nell’area di Bihac, al confine con la Croazia. «Costringere persone, molte delle quali già vulnerabili, a stare in una tendopoli allestita in tutta fretta in una zona remota, senza assicurare forniture adeguate di acqua né di servizi igienico–sanitari e senza garantire spazi per l’auto–isolamento o l’accesso a cure mediche è una decisione inumana che faciliterà il rischio di infezioni e di decessi evitabili», ha dichiarato Massimo Moratti, vicedirettore delle ricerche sull’Europa di Amnesty International. Circa 4.100 persone si trovano nei centri temporanei di accoglienza gestiti dall’Organizzazione internazionale per le migrazioni (Oim), altri 3.000 vivono nascosti in tuguri e case abbandonate, per strada o nei boschi.

    C’è chi per sottrarsi alle retate ha rischiato di morire sepolto sotto un cumulo terriccio. Come la bambina di 5 anni che si era nascosta nell’ammasso di fango di un vagone ferroviario carico di argilla rintracciato ad Harmica, in Croazia. Gli agenti bosniaci l’hanno estratta ancora viva poco prima che il convoglio si mettesse in marcia, salvando anche i genitori e due fratelli. Neanche il tempo di dargli da bere e sono stati respinti in Serbia.

    La Romania resta il Paese dei Balcani con il maggior numero di contagi. Gli ultimi riportano 2.460 casi, 252 guariti e 86 i decessi dichiarati. In Slovenia i casi noti sono 841 e almeno un centinaio di essi sono medici e infermieri. In Macedonia del Nord si contano 354 contagi, con 11 decessi, e in Kosovo i casi sono 112, altri 120 in Montenegro.

    Gli abusi delle autorità sono aggravati anche dalla lotta contro il tempo per fermare il contagio. I legali di “Border violence monitor” stanno documentando con testimonianze e prove fotografiche quale trattamento subiscono i profughi. La fine dell’inverno, infatti, ha riaperto i percorsi lungo i sentieri più impervi, prima coperti di neve. Lividi su tutto il corpo, scorticature, ustioni da Taser, la pistola per le scariche elettriche in dotazione agli agenti in Grecia e Macedonia. Proprio in territorio ellenico il campo di raccolta a Ritsona, nel nord del Paese, è stato posto in quarantena per 14 giorni dopo che sono stati confermati casi di positività al Coronavirus. Nel reticolato si trovano 3mila persone, in gran parte intenzionate a proseguire la traversata verso la Macedonia del Nord o l’Albania. Ma Atene deve vedersela soprattutto con gli oltre 40mila profughi ammassati sulle isole, con la preoccupazione che un focolaio di Covid–19, dato oramai per imminente, sarebbe una catastrofe.

    https://www.avvenire.it/attualita/pagine/in-fuga-dai-rastrellamenti-anti-coronavirus
    #chasse_à_l'homme #anti-réfugiés #anti-migrants #asile #fuite #migrations #réfugiés #Balkans #route_des_balkans #coronavirus #covid-19 #camps_de_réfugiés #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Bihac #Croatie #Ritsona #Grèce

    ping @luciebacon

    • Traduction en anglais:
      Dozens flee to escape violence and detention camps. NGOs protest

      A refugee girl extracted from a wagon loaded with clay in which she had hidden in Bosnia - Border Violence Monitoring

      They do not flee Covid, but from prison camps and repressive measures put in place under the pretext of protecting public health. They also flee the Visegrad axis, yesterday definitively condemned by the EU Court of Justice, which deemed the “walls” of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, deaf to the calls for redistribution of migrants, non-compliant. The Balkan route has never been easy for the homeless who cross it. The proof came from the Court of Luxembourg, called to decide on the choices of the three member countries found guilty of not accepting refugees from Italy and especially Greece, as established by the program launched in 2015. "Refusing to comply with the temporary mechanism for the relocation of applicants international protection “the Visegrad group has failed” to the obligations under the law of the Union ", wrote the judges.

      «The Court has been crystal clear as regards the responsibility of the Member States. Now - announced the President of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen - we are taking action to draw up the pact on migration that we will present after Easter ».

      It will not be easy to make progress. The EU’s plans will also have to deal with the “full powers” of the magyar Viktor Orbán and his emulators in the surrounding areas. The fear of coronavirus is justified, especially in countries that do not have an efficient health service. But the answers are contested by international humanitarian organizations, concerned about the widespread push for authoritarianism.

      In Sarajevo, the police have been confining migrants for days to a detention center on the outskirts of the capital. They are blocked along the roads and carried by force. Similar roundiing up will be carried out in the Bihac area on the border with Croatia next week. "Forcing people, many of whom are already vulnerable, to stay in a tent city set up in a hurry in a remote area, without ensuring adequate supplies of water or sanitation and without guaranteeing spaces for self-isolation or access to medical treatment is an inhuman decision that will facilitate the risk of avoidable infections and deaths, "said Massimo Moratti, deputy director of research on Europe at Amnesty International. About 4,100 people are located in temporary reception centers managed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), another 3,000 live hidden in hovels and abandoned houses, on the street or in the woods.

      There are those who risked dying buried under a pile of soil to escape the raids. Like the 5-year-old girl who hid in the mud heap of a railway wagon loaded with clay found in Harmica, Croatia. Bosnian agents pulled her out still alive just before the convoy set off, also saving the parents and two brothers. Not even the time to give him a drink and they were rejected in Serbia.

      Romania remains the Balkan country with the highest number of infections. The last reported 2,460 cases, 252 recovered and 86 reported deaths. In Slovenia there are 841 known cases and at least a hundred of them are doctors and nurses. In North Macedonia there are 354 infections, with 11 deaths, and in Kosovo there are 112 cases, another 120 in Montenegro.

      The abuses of the authorities are also aggravated by the fight against time to stop the infection. Border Violence Monitoring lawyers are documenting the treatment of refugees with testimonies and photographic evidence. In fact, the end of winter has reopened the way along the most impervious paths, previously covered with snow. Bruises all over the body, skin bursts, Taser burns, the electric shock gun supplied to agents in Greece and Macedonia. Precisely in Hellenic territory the collection camp in Ritsona, in the north of the country, was placed in quarantine for 14 days after coronavirus positivity cases were confirmed. In the grid there are 3 thousand people, largely willing to continue the crossing to North Macedonia or Albania. But Athens must deal especially with the more than 40 thousand refugees piled up on the islands, with the concern that a Covid-19 outbreak, given now for imminent, would be a catastrophe.

  • Post MiGreat / AidBrigade

    https://www.facebook.com/migreatorg/photos/a.1845099678932346/2854144318027872/?type=3&theater

    As pretty much everywhere in Europe, Bosnia is alllll about Corona at the moment. Although the first confirmed cases were Bosnian people who had visited Italy, politicians and media are unafraid to blame the Middle-Eastern migrants for bringing the disease into Bosnia. This has led to a few radical measures, good and bad.

    Within a few days, capacity for Blazuj camp increased with 1000 beds. What we have advocated for for 2 years in Bosnia finally happened. Space was made available, not just for families but also for the single men and boys. But people were not given any choice - hostels, squats and ruins were raided and 400 people were forced to Blazuj by the police.

    Migrants are blamed for spreading the virus and are thus banned from public spaces, public transport, shops and supermarkets, just for being darker skinned. Police hunts down on migrants and violently drops them off at the camp gate. The camp is full once again, thus the refugees are not allowed to enter and forced to walk back to Sarajevo, from where the vicious cycle will start again.

    Providing aid on the streets has never been this hard, but people on the move are still hungry, cold and sick - now more than ever as they can’t work, beg or visit a supermarket. But the volunteers keep going: they deliver food packs, medical supplies and clothes on the doorsteps of ruined squats. We are incredibly proud to support them and their contactless, Corona proof ’ninja distributions’. With gloves, face masks and strict safety measures, homeless refugees can still get survival packs safely.

    Corona is not about fearing foreigners or blaming people for the colour of their skin. The smartest and most humane thing to do is to provide proper, safe shelter to all: old, young, homeless, black or white. Let’s use this crisis to unite, protect the vulnerable and leave no one behind.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Blazuj #camp #Sarajevo

  • Migranti e Covid-19: la profezia che si autoavvera prima del tempo

    Stiamo assistendo in queste ultime ore ad una delle peggiori e becere strumentalizzazioni legate alle politiche e alla propaganda d’odio verso le persone migranti che tentano di andarsene dalla Libia o viaggiano attraverso i Balcani.

    A seguito delle misure che tutti gli Stati nazione stanno via via assumendo all’interno dei propri territori e verso l’esterno, uno pare essere il leit motiv. A priori incolpare il rifugiato, il richiedente asilo, il migrante per la diffusione del #Covid-19.

    Come riporta Amnesty International, il presidente degli Stati Uniti, Donald Trump non ha perso tempo ordinando di respingere sia verso il Messico che verso il Canada tutte le persone entrate negli Stati Uniti, senza dare loro il permesso di essere ascoltate nelle istanze di richiesta di protezione.

    In Olanda il ministro della Giustizia Ferd Grapperhaus ha dichiarato che il parlamento ha decretato di non ammettere più nuovi ingressi all’interno dei centri di accoglienza. “Non possiamo sapere in quanti e quali altri Paesi queste persone siano passate prima di giungere a destinazione e con chi possano essere entrate in contatto”, questa la motivazione alla base della decisione.

    In Serbia il presidente Vučić ha proclamato in conferenza lo stato d’emergenza nazionale elencando le varie misure adottate tra cui il dispiegamento dell’esercito a controllo degli ospedali, delle frontiere e dei centri collettivi per richiedenti asilo e il divieto a chi vi viene registrato di poter uscire. Misura che ha ricevuto il plauso da parte dell’Assessore alla Sicurezza del Friuli Venezia Giulia, Pierpaolo Roberti, dato che servirebbe a prevenire il contagio anche nella regione del nordest italiano. Nell’ ultimo report dell’UNCHR sulla situazione in Serbia si evidenzia un aumento delle persone registrate all’interno dei 16 campi governativi, salito dai 5912 a 8328 in una settimana, sebbene alla data del 25 marzo ancora non siano emersi casi di Covid-19 tra i richiedenti asilo. Da qualche settimana, in diverse città serbe tra cui Subotica e Belgrado, erano state autorizzate manifestazioni pubbliche contro la presenza e l’accoglienza di migranti

    La Grecia già il 27 febbraio, prima dell’annuncio dell’apertura dei confini da parte della Turchia, aveva deciso di aumentare i controlli alle frontiere per impedire ai migranti potenziali portatori di coronavirus, di entrare in territorio ellenico. “Adesso la migrazione include una nuova dimensione, dato che i flussi verso la Grecia comprendono anche persone provenienti dall’Iran – dove ci sono stati molti casi – e altre che sono passate per l’Afghanistan” aveva dichiarato il primo ministro Mitsotakis. “Le nostre isole, già gravate da problemi di salute pubblica, devono essere doppiamente protette”. Due settimane dopo, lunedì 9 marzo, è stato confermato il primo caso di COVID-19 nell’isola di Lesbo. A portare l’infezione in Grecia è stata una greca di ritorno da un viaggio in Israele, non un richiedente asilo.

    Anche per il governo greco il coronavirus è diventato un pretesto non solo per rafforzare le frontiere ma anche per dare avvio alla detenzione di massa dei richiedenti asilo, sia nelle isole dell’Egeo sia nella Grecia continentale. Nei due campi profughi di Lesbo, Moria e Kara Tepe, le autorità hanno annunciato che si potranno muovere solo 100 persone all’ora, dalle 7 alle 19. Su una popolazione totale di 20 mila persone significa che solo una su 20 ha il diritto di muoversi ogni giorno. Inoltre in tutti i campi della Grecia sono state cancellate le attività ludiche ed educative, è stato vietato l’ingresso agli esterni ed è stato messo i coprifuoco dopo le 19. Nulla, a parte campagne di informazione sul coronavirus e allestimento di cliniche ad hoc, è stato fatto per prevenire un possibile focolaio all’interno dei campi. I tanti appelli delle organizzazioni umanitarie greche e internazionali che chiedevano l’evacuazione delle persone dagli hotspot delle isole dell’Egeo sono rimasti inascoltati. A questo, si è aggiunta la linea dura che la Grecia ha portato avanti dall’1 marzo, a seguito dell’annuncio turco dell’apertura delle frontiere: sospensione del diritto d’asilo fino al 31 marzo per chi è entrato in territorio ellenico in maniera illegale, respingimenti di massa al confine marino e terrestre, e detenzione per chi è riuscito a varcare la frontiera.

    L’Ungheria, negli stessi giorni, ha interrotto l’accesso dei richiedenti asilo ai campi collocati nelle zone di transito al confine con la Serbia, giustificando la misura per questioni sanitarie e sostenendo che l’arrivo del contagio in terra magiara fosse da imputare ad iraniani universitari. Ma nella decisioni di Orban ha avuto peso anche il timore di un nuovo flusso di arrivi dopo il confronto telefonico con Erdogan.

    In Bosnia e Erzegovina sia la Federazione che la Repubblica Serba di Bosnia hanno separatamente dichiarato lo stato d’emergenza. Anche in questo caso, particolare attenzione è stata data al tema dei migranti e dei richiedenti asilo presenti all’interno del territorio, con la conseguente apertura di una nuova tendopoli nel Cantone Una-Sana, precisamente a Lipa, dove verrrano coattivamente trasportate le persone che vivono in aree informali fuori dai campi gestiti dall’OIM.

    Come avvenuto in Serbia, anche in Bosnia l’esercito è stato incaricato di controllare le frontiere e di monitorare i campi vietando l’uscita delle persone; nel frattempo anche la tendopoli alla stazione di Tuzla è stata sgomberata e le persone portate a Blazuj nei pressi di Sarajevo, dove già si viveva in condizioni di sovrannumero.

    All’Hotel Porin di Zagabria, prima del terremoto del 22 marzo, è stata montata una rete a circoscrivere l’area attorno al campo.

    A Gorizia, nell’area di Trieste e lungo i valichi di confine, sono stati eretti posti di blocco sulle vecchie frontiere che sono tornate ad esistere per iniziale volontà del governo sloveno. Al confine opposto ha disposto invece nuovi container dove trattenere i migranti catturati per poi consegnarli alle forze dell’ordine croate. Il presidente della regione Friuli ha ottenuto il dispiegamento di polizia e militari sul confine sloveno per fermare chi arriva dalla rotta balcanica, dopo che già da gennaio Salvini aveva chiesto il blocco delle frontiere per evitare l’arrivo di migranti.

    Filippo Grandi dell’Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i Rifugiati (UNHCR), in una dichiarazione del 20 marzo sulla crisi COVID-19 ha dichiarato:

    “Sono sempre più preoccupato per le misure adottate da alcuni Paesi che potrebbero bloccare del tutto il diritto di chiedere asilo […] queste misure non devono portare alla chiusura delle vie d’asilo, né costringere le persone a ritornare in situazioni di pericolo”.

    Solo qualche giorno prima a Ginevra gli esperti ONU riuniti avevano rilevato i rischi dell’utilizzo dei poteri speciali come misure repressive. “Pur consci della gravità dell’attuale crisi sanitaria e riconoscendo che l’uso dei poteri in stato di emergenza è consentito dal diritto internazionale in risposta a minacce significative, ricordiamo con urgenza agli Stati che qualsiasi risposta all’emergenza coronavirus deve essere proporzionata, necessaria e non discriminatoria”

    L’Alto Commissario per i Diritti Umani delle Nazioni Unite aveva espresso perplessità simili.

    Il Portogallo il 29 marzo ha dichiarato l’intenzione di regolarizzare chiunque abbia inoltrato domanda di permesso di soggiorno retroattivamente dalla data d’inizio dell’emergenza, il 18 marzo. Tutti saranno trattati come cittadini ed avranno lo stesso diritto di ogni portoghese all’accesso alla sanità e cure.

    Ad oggi il Portogallo è l’unico Paese a compiere un’azione normativa, e quindi politica, che anzitutto guardi alla crisi legata al coronavirus come a un problema globale per tutti gli individui e nel fare ciò amplia le maglie del diritto e dei diritti anzichè restringere e rinchiudere come si è visto fare in tutti gli altri contesti.

    https://lungolarottabalcanica.wordpress.com/2020/03/30/migranti-e-covid-19-la-profezia-che-si-autoavvera-p
    #Balkans #fermeture_des_frontières #frontières #migrations #asile #réfugiés #coronavirus #route_des_Balkans #mobilité #immobilité #Hongrie #Serbie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Bosnie #Gorizia
    ping @luciebacon

  • BOSNIE-HERZÉGOVINE : CONTRE L’ÉRECTION D’UN CAMP DE TENTES POUR LES RÉFUGIÉS

    24 mars : Les autorités du canton d’Una Sana veulent construire un camp de tentes destiné aux réfugiés qui ne peuvent pas être hébergés dans les centres d’accueil temporaires, faute de places. On estime qu’ils sont 3000 dans ce cas, qui dorment dehors ou dans des lieux précaires et changeants. L’expansion de l’épidémie de Covid-19 et la nécessité du confinement ont forcé les autorités à agir.

    Ce camp est situé près du village de Lipa, qui abrite lui-même des Serbes revenus vivre dans le canton. Đorđe Radanović, président du Comité pour la protection du droit des Serbes en Bosnie-Herzégovine, a appelé les autorités du canton d’Una Sana à interrompre la construction de ce camp de tentes. « Faire venir des migrants de Bihać à Lipa aggraverait la situation dans le village et découragerait le possible retour des Serbes [ayant fuit pendant la guerre] », a-t-il déclaré. Đorđe Radanović avait déjà dit en novembre 2019 que les réfugiés voulaient « construire des maisons et des mosquées et s’installer ici une fois arrivés ».

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Les-dernieres-infos-o-Refugies-Balkans-Covid-19-la-Bosnie-Herzego

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Bosnie-Herzégovine # #Camp

  • L’Ultra droite prend les rues de Lesbos

    Aujourd’hui à Lesbos, les ONG sont harcelées, menacées et attaquées par la police et l’ultra droite. La procédure d’asile est stoppée pour un mois et les nouveaux réfugié·e·s dorment dans un navire de guerre surpeuplé en attendant d’être expulsé·e·s vers leurs pays d’origine. Aucun solidaire ne peut les atteindre. Après avoir fui leurs pays, les gens sont en prison sur ce navire. Un témoignage sur place d’une militante de Mare Liberum.

    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/sabrina-lesage/blog/110320/lultra-droite-prend-les-rues-de-lesbos
    #extrême_droite #anti-réfugiés #asile #migrations #racisme #réfugiés #xénophobie #attaques_racistes #Grèce #Lesbos

    • Réfugiés : la #haine se réveille tout au long de la #route_des_Balkans

      Patrouilles de civils en armes dans le nord de la Grèce, manifestations xénophobes en Serbie, nationalistes croates qui s’enflamment, et Milorad Dodik qui appelle à la « défense de l’Europe chrétienne »... La crise provoquée par Recep Tayyip Erdoğan soulève une vague de réactions anti-migrants dans les Balkans, terres de transit vers l’Europe occidentale. Tour d’horizon avec nos correspondant.e.s.

      Grèce : violences en hausse contre les réfugiés et les humanitaires

      Depuis l’annonce par la Turquie, le 28 février, qu’elle n’empêchait plus les réfugiés présents sur son sol de franchir ses frontières occidentales, les actes xénophobes sont en forte hausse en Grèce. Dernier en date : l’incendie d’une école pour enfants réfugiés, gérée par une ONG suisse sur l’île de Lesbos. Il y a quelques jours, les images montrant des habitants de l’île en train de repousser violemment un canot rempli de migrants avaient fait le tour du monde. Des journalistes et des humanitaires ont aussi été menacés, leur matériel cassé, et certains ont même été physiquement agressés.

      À la frontière terrestre gréco-turque, dans la région de l’Evros, la tension monte dangereusement : des patrouilles civiles rassemblant anciens militaires, agriculteurs, pêcheurs et chasseurs s’organisent pour aider les forces de l’ordre à arrêter les migrants qui essaient de s’introduire en Grèce. Lundi, Jordan Bardella, le vice-président du Rassemblement national, était en visite sur place pour rencontrer ces citoyens grecs qui, fusils à l’épaule, sont prêts à « défendre » leurs frontières.

      Des manifestations ont néanmoins rassemblé plus de 7000 personnes à Athènes et à Thessalonique en fin de semaine dernière pour dénoncer le durcissement de la politique migratoire du gouvernement conservateur grec, la militarisation des frontières et les violences faites aux réfugiés et aux humanitaires.

      « L’armée bulgare est prête à réagir »

      Les rumeurs vont bon train en Bulgarie et, mardi, le ministère des Affaires étrangères a démenti une « information » laissant entendre qu’Athènes avait demandé à Sofia de vider les eaux d’un barrage à proximité de la frontière pour faire monter le niveau du fleuve Evros et empêcher les migrants en provenance de Turquie de pénétrer sur le sol grec. Rapportée par les médias grecs, cette « information » est le dernier acte de ce qu’une analyste bulgare a appelé « la pièce d’Erdoğan jouée aux frontières de l’Union européenne ».

      Le ministre de la Défense, le nationaliste Krassimir Karachanov, a exprimé mardi son mécontentement face au projet de construction d’un centre de rétention fermé par la Grèce dans la région de Serres, près de la frontière bulgare. « Une installation pour les migrants illégaux du côté grec, près de nos frontières, renforcera les tensions. C’est absurde et ce n’est pas l’acte d’un bon voisin », a-t-il écrit sur Facebook. « L’armée bulgare est prête à réagir. Je garantis que je ne permettrai pas à une nouvelle vague de migrants de venir dans notre pays. »

      La Bulgarie, dont le Premier ministre Boïko Borissov a tenté en vain une mission européenne de médiation auprès de Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, reste néanmoins épargnée par cette nouvelle crise, les migrants évitant soigneusement de s’aventurer près de ses frontières bulgares, par peur ou par impossibilité.

      La Macédoine du Nord craint plus le coronavirus qu’une nouvelle vague migratoire

      Malgré la proximité avec la Grèce et le peu de cas détectés dans le pays, le coronavirus reste le sujet n°1 dans l’actualité macédonienne, reléguant la question des réfugiés aux oubliettes. Ou presque. Samedi soir, la police a découvert 56 réfugiés (54 Pakistanais, 2 Afghans) dans la remorque d’un camion près de Gevgelia, la ville qui fait frontière avec la Grèce sur l’autoroute qui file de Skopje vers Thessalonique, mais les médias locaux ont très peu évoqué l’affaire.

      Le Premier ministre intérimaire Oliver Spasovksi a d’ailleurs très rapidement évacué la question migratoire lors de la conférence de presse qu’il a tenue dimanche, se contentant de répéter que la Macédoine du Nord résisterait à toute vague migratoire. « Nous aurons une tolérance zéro et nous n’autoriserons pas l’entrée de migrants, car c’est la politique de tous les États de la région. »

      Surenchères électorales en #Serbie

      Après des rassemblements anti-migrants dans les villes de Požarevac, Šid et Subotica, c’est devant le gouvernement, à Belgrade, que se sont rassemblés dimanche environ 200 manifestants, très majoritairement de jeunes hommes, à l’appel d’une « patrouille massive du peuple », se disant « prêts à défendre le pays si l’État et la police ne peuvent pas le faire ».

      Ces militants d’extrême-droite brandissaient des drapeaux serbes et grecs et des pancartes proclamant : « On ne veut pas de migrants », « La Serbie aux Serbes » ou encore, en anglais « Terrorists not welcome ». Arborant des insignes tchétniks et des badges à l’effigie du criminel de guerre Ratko Mladić, ils s’en sont pris au Commissariat pour les réfugiés, jetant des pavés dessus. « C’est une honte pour la Serbie, mais le faible nombre de personnes mobilisées par la haine est rassurant », a estimé le Commissaire aux réfugiés et aux migrations, Vladimir Cucić.

      Selon Gordan Paunović, de l’Ong Infopark, « la question n’est pas humanitaire ou sécuritaire aujourd’hui en Serbie, mais politique ». En effet, à l’approche des élections législatives et municipales prévues le 26 avril prochain, la droite et l’extrême-droite instrumentalisent la question des réfugiés pour tenter de marquer des points.

      En #Bosnie-Herzégovine, Milorad Dodik veut défendre « l’Europe chrétienne »

      Milorad Dodik, le membre serbe de la Présidence tripartite, a aligné son discours sur celui de l’extrême-droite européenne. Connu pour ses liens avec le nationaliste autrichien Heinz Christian Strache, il dénonce une « mise en danger de la chrétienté européenne », comme le rapporte Al Jazeera Balkans. « Ce qu’on propose à la Bosnie-Herzégovine c’est de devenir un parking à migrants », a-t-il expliqué, estimant qu’il s’agit là « d’une forme d’occupation du monde chrétien ».

      Selon l’homme fort de Banja Luka, l’attitude du Président turc Recep Tayyip Erdoğan s’inscrirait dans « un grand jeu stratégique », sous-entendant que ce dernier viserait à islamiser de l’Europe en ouvrant les frontières de son pays. Pas question néanmoins, estime-t-il, d’avoir une frontière étanche avec la Serbie, les deux États doivent « gérer cette question migratoire conjointement ».

      Zagreb propose son aide, les nationalistes croates s’enflamment

      « La #Croatie est prête à s’adapter à la situation de crise et à accueillir des enfants non-accompagnés », assure la ministre de la Démographie, de la Famille, de la Jeunesse et de la Politique sociale de Croatie Vesna Bedeković. Des propos qui font suite à la promesse du Premier ministre Andrej Plenković d’accueillir près de 5000 mineurs isolés, aujourd’hui bloqués dans des camps en Grèce. Ces jeunes devraient être hébergés dans deux centres d’accueil à Zagreb et à Split.

      En pleine crise à la frontière gréco-turque, cette décision du gouvernement conservateur a provoqué une vague de réactions négatives, dans les médias et sur les réseaux sociaux.

      « Les habitants des communes frontalières ne se sentent pas en sécurité, surtout en cette période de travaux agricoles, ils n’osent pas travailler dans les champs, sortir le soir », a lancé le très nationaliste Marijan Pavliček, adjoint au maire de Vukovar et chef du Parti conservateur croate. Les forces de l’ordre croates patrouillent depuis plusieurs années à la frontière avec la Serbie pour empêcher l’entrée de migrants, n’hésitant pas à recourir à la violence.

      « Tous les moyens de force légitimes doivent être activés pour protéger la frontière », a de son côté réagi le député Hrvoje Zekanović, qui préside le parti des Souverainistes croates.

      En #Slovénie, le futur « gouvernement anti-migrants » se prépare

      Ces derniers jours, la Slovénie est avant tout préoccupée par le coronavirus. Pour empêcher sa propagation, le petit pays a d’ailleurs fini par fermer sa frontière avec l’Italie voisine.

      La directrice générale de la police slovène a néanmoins exprimé sa « grande préoccupation » dans les colonnes de Nedelo, le journal du dimanche. Plus de 1240 migrants sont entrés illégalement en Slovénie au mois de janvier, une hausse de plus de 20 % par rapport à l’an dernier. Les autorités se veulent néanmoins rassurantes, expliquant que Ljubljana est prête en cas de « nouvelle vague migratoire ». Deux camions d’aide humanitaire ont été envoyés en renfort à la frontière gréco-turque.

      Anže Logar, qui doit prendre la tête du ministère des Affaires étrangères du futur gouvernement dirigé par Janez Janša, a annoncé mardi qu’il allait renforcer « pour le bien commun »la coopération avec les pays voisins, à commencer par la Croatie, « au vu de la crise sanitaire et migratoire inédite ».

      https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Refugies-la-haine-se-reveille-tout-au-long-de-la-route-des-Balkan

  • La #Croatie érige des barrières sur ses frontières

    21 février —15h30 : La Croatie a érigé ce vendredi matin une #barrière_métallique sur sa frontière avec la #Bosnie-Herzégovine, au niveau du poste d’#Izačić/ #Ličko_Petrovo_Selo, près de #Bihać. Il s’agit de renforcer les moyens de contrôle et de bloquer les migrants et les réfugiés qui tentent de franchir cette frontière.

    Selon le ministère croate de l’Intérieur, les fondations pour la pose de barrières ont également été posées au niveau des postes frontière de #Gejkovac, #Pašin_Potok, #Erdut et #Batina, dans le nord du pays.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/fil-info-refugies-2020-fevrier

    #murs #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #barrières_frontalières #Izacic #Licko_Petrovo_Selo #Bihac ##Pasin_Potok

  • #Solidarité avec les #réfugiés sur la #route_des_Balkans...

    Example of solidarity with refugees comes from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The #Banović miners shared their hot meals with refugees in an act of support (https://www.6yka.com/novosti/rudari-iz-banovica-od-svojih-toplih-obroka-prikupili-namirnice-za-pomoc-migran).

    And another beautiful story of the connection between local inhabitants and refugees comes from #Zagreb (https://www.jutarnji.hr/vijesti/zagreb/video-pjevanjem-do-nove-srece-ovaj-zagrebacki-zbor-okuplja-i-one-koju-su-tu-rodeni-i-one-koji-su-dosli-jer-su-napustili-domove-kao-izbjeglice/9915700). We’re talking about the #Domaćigosti_Choir (https://www.facebook.com/zbordomacigosti) - ’’the name of the choir itself explains who they are: some were born in Croatia, some came here to live because they wanted to, some had to because they left their homes as refugees. There is no difference between any of them.’’

    Reçu via la mailing-list Inicijativa Dobrodosli, mail du 06.02.2020

    #Bosnie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Croatie
    #chorale #chants #chanter

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • Blocked on road to EU, family considers Bosnia for asylum

    At the doorstep of the EU, where thousands of asylum seekers are prevented from journeying onwards, one Afghan family have decided to call a halt and invest their hopes for a new life in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    At the doorstep of the EU, where thousands of asylum seekers are prevented from journeying onwards, one Afghan family has decided to call a halt and invest their hopes for a new life in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    “I have given up trying to cross the border (into Croatia). It is too hard,” says Abdul Bashir, 33, who fled war-torn Afghanistan with his wife and three children nine months ago.

    “I do not know much about Bosnia but it looks as if it could be a good, safe place for us.”

    Abdul, together with his pregnant wife Marjan, 28, son Mohammad Nazir, 7, and two daughters Marzia, 4, and Razia, 2, have applied for protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina and now have “yellow card” status, showing they are in the asylum process.

    They are staying in a centre for vulnerable families in what used to be the Hotel Sedra in Cazin municipality, on the banks of the fast-flowing Una River. While they wait for a decision in their case, Abdul, who was a cook back in Afghanistan, works in the kitchens as a voluntary helper to the Red Cross.

    “Sometimes I am happy, sometimes I am not,” he says.

    The family made five attempts to cross into EU-member Croatia and they are still uncertain about what the future might hold for them in non-EU Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    However, with relatively decent accommodation and their yellow cards, they are luckier than over 2,000 migrants and refugees, mostly single men, housed in containers in a bleak former refrigerator factory at Bira. In the absence of state help, UNHCR and its partners — IOM, UNICEF and other NGOs and charities — are doing their best to shelter, feed and support them. The project is funded by the EU.

    Many at Bira allege they were beaten on their repeated, failed attempts to cross into Croatia. Going back to where they came from is not an option, they say.

    UNHCR takes such allegations very seriously and is working with the responsible authorities to address them. UNHCR sees no contradiction between on the one hand managing borders and on the other, safeguarding the rights of asylum seekers and migrants in line with states’ international obligations.

    But from inside the vast, concrete hangar, it is very difficult for them to make asylum applications to the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities. So far, the authorities do not recognise their temporary shelter as “residence” and without registered residence, they are unable to lodge applications and have their claims evaluated. So they are stuck, with no idea where they might go.

    In 2018, 24,000 asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina, compared with only 755 in 2017, suggesting a new Balkan refugee route had opened up. Despite the significant increase, the number of arrivals is far from the peak of the refugee crisis in 2015, when one million people are estimated to have crossed the region. The profile of arrivals has changed, with some people seeking international protection and others moving on in search of better lives and economic opportunities. In 2018, some 90 per cent of the new arrivals expressed an intention to seek asylum in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but only seven per cent managed to do so.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country still recovering from its own war traumas of the 1990s, is seen by asylum seekers and authorities alike as a transit country rather than a place where refugees might settle.

    Speaking of the new arrivals, UNHCR public information officer for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dorijan Klasnic, said local people were welcoming but authorities needed to “strengthen the capacity to register and process asylum claims, resolve them in a timely manner and ensure access to services”.

    Noting that 1,600 people had registered asylum claims, he said: “It is clear there are a number of people who would see the country as a place of refuge, a place they could call home. But in 2018, Bosnia and Herzegovina did not grant a single refugee status.”

    According to UNHCR, the authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina need additional donor support in order to improve their response to the general situation and increase their ability to register and process claims.

    At Sedra, Abdul lists the things he was looking for when he took his family from the northern Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif and set off with hopes of joining a sister in Germany.

    “I left for the sake of my children,” he says. “First and foremost, I wanted peace and human rights, and an education for my kids.”

    Faced with the uncertain future for him and his family, Abdul says that they would consider BiH as their new home. But maintains he lacks proper information.

    “Right now, I do not know enough about the country. Nobody has explained to me about the economy, how education works or how I might find a place to live…”

    UNHCR partner NGO Vaša Prava BiH (Your Rights) gives free legal aid and has told him that after nine months in the asylum process, he will have the right to work. Soon he will reach that benchmark and be able to look for a paid job.

    https://www.unhcr.org/see/11250-blocked-on-road-to-eu-family-considers-bosnia-for-asylum.html
    #Bosnie #route_des_Balkans #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Bosnie-Herzégovine