PHP in Browser, powered by WebAssembly. Original Project by Oraoto, ES6 & Clang Upgrades by Sean Morris.
PHP in Browser, powered by WebAssembly. Original Project by Oraoto, ES6 & Clang Upgrades by Sean Morris.
30 years ago this month, the Mosaic web browser officially launched and changed the world - Neowin
It’s sometimes difficult to label a product or service that truly changed the world after it was released. However, it definitely can be said that the release of the Mosaic web browser did just that. After a preliminary release in January 1993, version 1.0 of Mosaic was launched 30 years ago this month, on April 22, 1993.
Let’s get this part out of the way: Mosaic was not the first web browser ever released. That honor belongs to WorldWideWeb, which was launched a few years before in 1990 by developer Tim Berners-Lee when he worked at CERN. Later other browsers like Viola and Cello were launched. However, Mosaic was different.
The browser was first developed by Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina when they were graduate students at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Unlike earlier web browsers, which showed text and images in separate windows, Mosaic’s biggest innovation was that it was capable of showing both text and images in the same window. It made looking at websites like you were reading a magazine page.
Mosaic also let users click on hyperlinks to go to other pages or sites, instead of manually typing a URL address. It had a user interface design that was easy to understand. The now familiar buttons for going back or forward through sites, or refreshing a page, were in place with Mosaic.
While originally launched for Unix systems, Mosaic versions were released later in 1993 for Windows and Macintosh. The need for a closed internet service like AOL, Compuserve, Prodigy, and the other online services that popped up in the 1980s started to slowly go away. All you needed to access the internet was an ISP and Mosaic installed. The NCSA’s official Mosaic website states that by December 1993 “more than 5,000 copies of the browser were being downloaded a month and the center was receiving hundreds of thousands of email inquiries a week.” Keep in mind this is an era where most homes could only connect to the internet with a 28.8k phone modem.
Starting in 1994, the US National Science Foundation started funding for further development of Mosaic. However, even then the writing was on the wall for the web browser’s shutdown. Later that year, Mosaic’s co-creator Marc Andreessen left NCSA and helped to found Mosaic Communications Corporation.
That company released its first browser, called Mosaic Netscape, in late 1994. The NCSA threatened legal action at the new company for using the Mosaic brand for the browser and company. The browser was finally named Netscape Navigator, and the company was renamed Netscape Communications Corporation.
Netscape quickly became the browser of choice for most Internet users, which meant Mosaic was being downloaded and used less and less. As a result, in January 1997, the NCSA shut down the development of the web browser. Of course, Netscape soon had to deal with Microsoft’s efforts with its own Internet Explorer browser, but that is a whole different story that we may write about another day. Netscape met its eventual end in 2008.
While the NCSA did shut down its development, the organization continues to be proud of Mosaic. 10 years after its official launch, it held a birthday party of sorts for the browser. Rick Rashid, the founder of Microsoft Research was one of the event’s guests.
While Mosaic was ultimately a short-lived computer application, it certainly had a massive influence on the internet in general, and the entire world as a whole. Even in this world of apps and social networks, websites continue to be the primary way we get information online. Mosaic’s features of combining words and images on one web page, its use of embedded hyperlinks, and its standard UI are the basics for all web browsers released afterwards. The National Science Foundation’s article on Mosaic, posted in 2004, sums up its impact.
“Without Mosaic, Web browsers might not have happened or be what they are today,” said Peter Freeman, NSF assistant director for CISE. “The growth of the Web and its impact on daily life shows the kind of dramatic payoff that NSF investments in computer science research can have for all areas of science and engineering, education and society as a whole.”
That impact remains true in 2023, and it will likely continue to be felt for years to come.
✅ Brave 1.5 (upcoming) plans for HTTPS by default
✅ Automatically detects HTTP sites and attempts to upgrade the connection to HTTPS
✅ Less dependency on the “HTTPS Everywhere” extension which is now out of support!
La version française du webcomic « Contra Chrome » de Leah McCloud vient de sortir ! À lire et télécharger gratuitement sur ▻https://contrachrome.com Sous-titre : Comment le navigateur de #Google devint une menace pour la vie privée et la #démocratie.
Mozilla: Firefox-Nutzer in den USA bekommen alle DoH - Golem.de
Nach vielen Experimenten und monatelangen Verzögerungen wird Mozilla das Protokoll DNS over HTTPS (DoH) für alle US-Nutzer von Firefox ausrollen. Der Anbieter will seinen Mozilla: Firefox-Nutzer in den USA bekommen alle DoH - Golem.de #Firefox #Browser #Cloudflare #DNS #Mozilla #Server #Internet #OpenSource
Living without the modern browser
Your browser has failed you
… and extensions won’t ease the pain.Browsers have evolved to become the central way we do pretty much anything: shopping, scheduling, invoicing, monitoring, calling, texting, reading, watching, listening, writing, sharing: you name it. Along the way, as billions of people were shifting to the browser as their main #work tool, it started to show some weaknesses.At Station, our sole & only focus is to ease our user’s workday. As part of that, we’re trying to identify the small defects in the browser that could help us refine our product.We quickly realised that one of the best way to identify potential improvements in modern #browsers is by looking at their most popular extensions. After all, if so many people are proactively choosing to add a third party component to their main work tool, (...)
Open your wallet. See a cookie in there? I do.Cookies are a way for a website to store information in your browser.gift idea for the web enthusiast in your lifeCookies in my wallet?? ?Yes, your ID is like a cookie! ?The government (issuer) provides an ID (cookie) that you store in your wallet (web browser’s storage) and take with you everywhere you go (the world is your web browser/oyster).Your ID can be used to board an airplane (request): the TSA agent will verify the validity of your ID to ensure it was provided by the government (issuer) and wasn’t forged or altered (authorization tokens are verified for validity/alteration as well). They’ll ensure you match the picture in the ID and that the name matches the ticket (authentication — “who you are”), if there are no issues you’ll be allowed (...)
The New Internet Starts with Brave Browser
Additional #privacy, awesome features, and a sleek interface that feels familiar to #chrome users.Disclaimer: if this article does convince you to try out Brave, you can download it through my link, and it helps support me as well. All links to Brave Browser downloads in this article are connected to me.I got interested in Brave initially because of the #cryptocurrency aspect of the browser — I had been exploring different applications available today that leverage cryptocurrency. After playing with it for five minutes, though, I discovered that I found a great alternative to Chrome. The best way I know how to describe Brave is that it’s Chrome on steroids. The user experience of Brave mimics Chrome in every way — you can even install Chrome extensions on it. But it takes a step beyond the (...)
The #microsoft Edge Browser Edges Into the Bug Territory
The Microsoft Edge Browser Edges Into the Bug TerritoryA security researcher working at Google recently discovered a high-severity vulnerability on the Microsoft Edge web browser. The flaw could allow hackers to access the victim’s sensitive information without their knowledge.Although the security loophole has been patched, it points to the need of always keeping your programs up-to-date and avoid visiting malicious websites.How the bug was discoveredJake Archibald, a developer who works at Google, exposed this bug accidently and named it “Wavethrough.” It is so-named because the browser security bug involves playing a wave audio, which an attacker could compromise to steal sensitive users’ data.Archibald discovered the bug a few months ago and has since published the details on his blog (...)
The internet is one of the most marvelous inventions ever conceived. The value of connecting electronic devices to share information and computation across vast distances is incalculable. Not only has it led to improved global relations, communications and trade, it has also enabled the development of technologies barely imaginable in the 1980s.The internet that most consumers are familiar with is the World Wide Web: access to websites across the world through a standard web browser. Need a recipe to make a spice cake? — www.allrecipes.com has everything you could ever need. Have a question about sharks? — www.google.com can find you the information you’re looking for. Having trouble deciding what college to attend after high school? — www.petersons.com will help you make an informed (...)
A Friendly Reminder on Safe Web Browsing
Over the course of the past month, #facebook users around the world have been panicking in response to the news that the online social media and networking service has been collecting call history and SMS data from Android users. Many have even made the radical decision to leave the platform all together. While the latest incident seems to have only effected Android users, it served as a radical reminder that our information on the internet is not as secure as we’d like to believe.If you, like many others, aren’t quite ready to say goodbye to the popular social network, this is still a great opportunity to reevaluate the way you engage and share your data with the online community. When it comes to your daily habits, a quick refresh could make the difference to ensure you’re protecting (...)
Refined #github: GitHub’s “Edge” Version
Refined GitHub is a browser extension that improves the GitHub experience with tons of user experience improvements. It adds fixes to annoyances that you didn’t even know you had, and once you learn about this extension, you won’t want to go back.A few months ago, I started using the extension and it is badass. Started by the respected developer, @sindresorhus, this extension fixes tons of the small annoyances we have with GitHub. The improvements are executed so well that the company has started to follow suit and implement some of them, too!Because of this, the extension makes you feel like you’re using GitHub Edge™. It’s the same GitHub you know and love, but with a better experience. ⚡For me, the extension has performed perfectly and it keeps improving all the time. I’m pretty jazzed (...)
#microsoft Edges closer to forcing users to use just one browser. Theirs.
As a fledgling web developer back at the turn of the century, I worked at a major telecoms company in London. The machine I used in the year 2001 was an 800 Mhz Pentium, running Windows 95, and the browser war back then was between Internet Explorer, and Netscape Navigator. Even then the browser of choice for web developers, and many casual users, was Netscape. For me the reason was that the first web browser I had ever used was X-Mosaic on a Sun SPARCstation, and given that Marc Andreessen had then moved on from Mosaic to Netscape, I had a certain degree of customer loyalty. More importantly, Netscape just…worked better. For me, and for many others, Netscape beat IE into a distant second.However, Microsoft woke up to the fact that the Internet might just be an interesting technological (...)
When using any new CSS, the question of browser support has to be addressed. This is even more of a consideration when new CSS is used for layout as with Flexbox and CSS Grid, rather than things we might consider an enhancement.
In this article, I explore approaches to dealing with #browser_support today. What are the practical things we can do to allow us to use new CSS now and still give a great experience to the browsers that don’t support it?
Inside Mozilla : Firefox fights back
“This transition is very painful for extension developers, and many existing extensions won’t take this hurdle,” says Wladimir Palant, a developer with Firefox’s most-used extension, AdBlock Plus. Programmers had to start working with Firefox’s replacement before it was mature enough to use, he says. Google’s Hangouts extension is another casualty.
Change is hard but necessary, Beard argues. “If you try to make everyone happy, you’re not making anyone happy,” he says. “Large organizations with hundreds of millions of users get defensive and try to keep everybody happy. Ultimately, you end up with a mediocre product and experience.”
En route pour une nouvelle guerre des navigateurs ?
Firefox 57 sera un vrai carnage pour les extensions existantes.
Mais si c’est le prix pour qu’il reprenne des « parts de marché », on n’aura peut être pas tout perdu...
Mais bon, quand, même, il faut sauver le soldat TabGroups !
Ehemaliger Mozilla-Technikchef : « Chrome hat den Browser-Krieg gewonnen » | heise online
On peut considérer que que Google Chrome n’est pas un brouteur web classique mais ressemble au noyau d’un système d’exploitation développé afin de renforcer la domination du géant du web. Est-ce inquiétant ?
Chrome hat Firefox verdrängt und den Browser-Krieg gewonnen – dieser Ansicht ist Andreas Gal, ehemaliger Technikchef von Mozilla. Er kritisiert Googles aggressives Marketing, unter dem Firefox zu leiden hat.
Usage share of web browsers - Wikipedia
En Allemagne Firefox est toujours le chois préféré de 20 à 30 pour cent des utilisateurs du web, mais les statistiques ne sont pas fiables à 100% et la part de Chrome ne cette de croitre.
Browser-Monopol : So krass hat sich Google Chrome gegen die Rivalen durchgesetzt | ❤ t3n
Browser Statistik : Die beliebtesten Desktop- und Mobile-Browser in Deutschland – GIGA
1 Google Chrome 38.15%
2 Safari 29.25%
3 Firefox 19.44%
4 Internet Explorer 10.45%
5 Edge 2.71%
Browserkrieg – SELFHTML-Wiki
Marktdominanz mobiler -webkit-Browser
Ein weiteres Problemfeld stellt die Marktdominanz von auf WebKit basierenden Mobil-Browsern dar:
Mit Apple Safari und Google Chrome existieren zwei auf WebKit basierende Browser, die zusammen einen Großteil des Marktes für Smartphone-Browser beherrschen. Viele Webdesigner testen daher ihre Projekte nur mit diesen oder anderen, ebenfalls WebKit-basierten Browsern. Das hat zur Folge, dass eventuell auftretende Probleme mit anderen Browsern wie beispielsweise den mobilen Versionen von Firefox und Internet Explorer nicht behoben werden und einige Seiten für Nutzer dieser Browser „kaputt“ aussehen.
Microsoft kapitulierte vor diesem Quasi-Standard und so soll im Windows Phone 8.1 der User-Agent ein iPhone vorspiegeln, damit für iOS und Android optimierte Seiten auch auf mobilen Windows-Geräten dargestellt werden können. Dies ist nötig, da viele Programmierer sich alleine auf User-Agent-Abfragen anstelle einer feature detection verließen.