• Immigration : le vrai #coût des expulsions

    Les expulsions d’étrangers en situation irrégulière ont coûté 500 millions d’euros à l’Etat en 2018. Selon un rapport parlementaire, inciter un immigré au retour grâce à une aide financière coûte près de six fois moins cher qu’un retour par la force.

    Le dossier est ultrasensible. La question des étrangers en situation irrégulière en France, et surtout le coût de leur reconduite à la frontière, peut rapidement enflammer les débats. D’autant que le nombre d’expulsions forcées n’a jamais été aussi élevé depuis dix ans. Et leur coût pour les finances publiques a représenté la bagatelle d’un demi-milliard d’euros l’an dernier. De quoi aiguiser l’intérêt des députés en charge de la mission Asile-Immigration-Intégration, dont l’enveloppe globale annuelle pour l’Etat est d’1,7 milliard d’euros.

    Dans le cadre du Printemps de l’évaluation, ces élus ont décidé de passer au peigne fin la politique d’expulsion. Avec un double objectif : contrôler l’action du gouvernement et identifier des leviers d’économie.

    Jean-Noël Barrot (MoDem) et Alexandre Holroyd (LREM) ont donc toqué à la porte des ministères concernés - Intérieur, Justice, Quai d’Orsay, etc. - pour récolter des chiffres précis. Le Parisien-Aujourd’hui en France dévoile en exclusivité leur rapport, présenté jeudi en commission des finances. Il livre un bilan rigoureux des expulsions en France, qu’il s’agisse de retours aidés, c’est-à-dire consentis et accompagnés d’une aide financière, ou d’éloignements forcés, quand la personne est reconduite par des policiers ou des gendarmes.
    Augmenter le montant de l’aide ?

    Contraires aux idées reçues, ses conclusions sont sans appel : les expulsions forcées, très majoritaires (entre 70 et 80 % des raccompagnements), coûtent plus de six fois plus cher qu’un retour aidé dans le pays d’origine. En moyenne, 13 800 euros contre 2 500 euros. Nos voisins européens sont nombreux à favoriser les retours aidés.

    Mais ces derniers sont-ils efficaces ? Dans son rapport de 2016, la Cour des comptes relevait qu’avec « l’adhésion de la Roumanie et de la Bulgarie le 1er juin 2007, de nombreux Roms repartis dans ces deux pays avec une aide au retour humanitaire (revenaient) en France et (faisaient) parfois des allers-retours pour percevoir plusieurs fois l’allocation de 300 euros ».

    Aujourd’hui, ce scénario n’est plus possible. Car depuis 2018, les ressortissants des pays membres de l’Union européenne n’ont plus accès à l’aide au retour. Et ce pécule ne peut être perçu qu’une seule fois. De quoi peser en faveur des retours aidés ? « Ce dispositif fonctionne de manière satisfaisante », observe Jean-Noël Barrot. « Et pour certaines destinations, si l’on augmente l’enveloppe, les retours dans les pays d’origine sont en hausse ». L’Afghanistan, le Pakistan, la Chine, l’Irak et le Soudan pourraient faire partie de ces pays à cibler.

    Faut-il donc multiplier les retours aidés, quitte à augmenter le montant de l’aide ? « Notre travail était de fournir une estimation précise, répond prudemment Alexandre Holroyd. Désormais, c’est une décision politique. » Les deux députés envisagent de déposer une proposition de résolution dans les jours qui viennent pour inviter le gouvernement à statuer.


    http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/immigration-le-vrai-cout-des-expulsions-05-06-2019-8086461.php
    #France #expulsions #renvois #asile #migrations #réfugiés #business
    ping @isskein @karine4 @daphne @marty


  • Asia Times | Mysterious oil company a key player in Idlib | Article
    https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/06/opinion/mysterious-oil-company-a-key-player-in-idlib

    Watad, la très étrange société pétrolière active sur le marché d’Idlib, avec inévitablement la bénédiction de Daech et des Turcs...

    Fuel and cooking gas are in very short supply in the parts of Syria controlled by the Assad regime. Yet in Idlib, the last rebel-held pocket of the country and currently the target of an intense military offensive, these and other essentials are not only available, but affordable. This is thanks to a company named Watad Petroleum.

    But who or what is Watad? If suspicions are true, Watad – about which little is known – represents yet another way in which Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), an organization labeled a terrorist group by much of the world, is strengthening its grip on Idlib.

    Life in this province of northwestern Syria has, without a doubt, been made easier by Watad’s presence. But with no information available publicly about who owns or runs it, there is a persistent suspicion about it.

    The first that anyone had heard of Watad was in January last year, when it was granted a monopoly over the fuel market in greater Idlib, with exclusive rights to import oil and gas from Turkey and to regulate their sale, price and distribution. Ostensibly, the deal, which also eliminated any domestic competition, was struck with Idlib’s Salvation Government, but in reality it was with HTS, the de facto power in that area.

    Before then, people in Idlib were reliant on motor fuel and gas transported from government-controlled areas and on crude oil brought in from northeastern Syria, which is now controlled by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces. But economic sanctions and the Turkish-led offensive to capture the predominantly Kurdish region of Afrin led to those supply lines being severed. Enter Watad Petroleum.

    Some reports say the company was founded in Idlib in 2017, while others maintain it was established in early 2018 by a group of Syrian businessmen living in Turkey. What is certain is that the mysterious Watad Petroleum has become a key player in Greater Idlib.

    #syrie #business


  • First-ever private border wall built in #New_Mexico

    A private group announced Monday that it has constructed a half-mile wall along a section of the U.S.-Mexico border in New Mexico, in what it said was a first in the border debate.

    The 18-foot steel bollard wall is similar to the designs used by the Border Patrol, sealing off a part of the border that had been a striking gap in existing fencing, according to We Build the Wall, the group behind the new section.

    The section was also built faster and, organizers say, likely more cheaply than the government has been able to manage in recent years.

    Kris Kobach, a former secretary of state in Kansas and an informal immigration adviser to President Trump, says the New Mexico project has the president’s blessing, and says local Border Patrol agents are eager to have the assistance.

    “We’re closing a gap that’s been a big headache for them,” said Mr. Kobach, who is general counsel for We Build the Wall.


    https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/may/27/first-ever-private-border-wall-built-new-mexico
    #privatisation #murs #barrières_frontalières #USA #Mexique #frontières #business #complexe_militaro-industriel
    ping @albertocampiphoto @daphne

    • The #GoFundMe Border Wall Is the Quintessential Trump-Era Grift

      In 2012, historian Rick Perlstein wrote a piece of essential reading for understanding modern conservatism, titled “The Long Con” and published by the Baffler. It ties the right’s penchant for absurd and obvious grifts to the conservative mind’s particular vulnerability to fear and lies:

      The strategic alliance of snake-oil vendors and conservative true believers points up evidence of another successful long march, of tactics designed to corral fleeceable multitudes all in one place—and the formation of a cast of mind that makes it hard for either them or us to discern where the ideological con ended and the money con began.

      Lying, Perlstein said, is “what makes you sound the way a conservative is supposed to sound.” The lies—about abortion factories, ACORN, immigrants, etc.—fund the grifts, and the grifts prey on the psychology that makes the lies so successful.

      Perlstein’s piece is all I could think of when I saw last night’s CNN story about the border wall GoFundMe, which seemingly has actually produced Wall. According to CNN, the group We Build the Wall says it has produced a half-mile of border wall in New Mexico. CNN was invited to watch the construction, where Kris Kobach, who is general counsel for the group, spoke “over the clanking and beeping of construction equipment.”

      #Steve_Bannon, who is naturally involved with the group, told CNN that the wall connects existing fencing and had “tough terrain” that means it was left “off the government list.” The half-mile stretch of wall cost an “estimated $6 million to $8 million to build,” CNN reported.

      CNN also quoted #Jeff_Allen, who owns the property on which the fence was built, as saying: “I have fought illegals on this property for six years. I love my country and this is a step in protecting my country.” According to MSN, Allen partnered with United Constitutional Patriots to build the wall with We Build the Wall’s funding. UCP is the same militia that was seen on video detaining immigrants and misrepresenting themselves as Border Patrol; the Phoenix New Times reported on the “apparent ties” between the UCP and We Build the Wall earlier this month.

      This story is bursting at the seams with an all-star lineup of right-wing scammers. The GoFundMe itself, of course, has been rocked by scandal: After the effort raised $20 million, just $980 million short of the billion-dollar goal, GoFundMe said in January that the funds would be returned, since creator Brian Kolfage had originally pledged that “If for ANY reason we don’t reach our goal we will refund your donation.” But Kolfage quickly figured out how to keep the gravy train going, urging those who had donated to allow their donations to be redirected to a non-profit. Ultimately, $14 million of that $20 million figure was indeed rerouted by the idiots who donated it.

      That non-profit became #We_Build_The_Wall, and like all good conservative con jobs, it has the celebs of the fever swamp attached to it. Not only #Kris_Kobach, a tenacious liar who failed at proving voter fraud is a widespread problem—but also slightly washed-up figures like Bannon, Sheriff David Clarke, Curt Schilling, and Tom Tancredo. All the stars are here!

      How much sleazier could it get? Try this: the main contractor working at the site of New Wall, according to CNN, is Tommy Fisher. The Washington Post reported last week that Trump had “personally and repeatedly urged the head of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers” to give the contract for the border wall to the company owned by Fisher, a “GOP donor and frequent guest on Fox News,” despite the fact that the Corps of Engineers previously said Fisher’s proposals didn’t meet their requirements.

      Of course, like all good schemes, the need for more money never ceases: On the Facebook page for the group, the announcement that Wall had been completed was accompanied with a plea for fans to “DONATE NOW to fund more walls! We have many more projects lined up!”

      So, what we have is: A tax-exempt non-profit raised $20 million by claiming it would be able to make the federal government build Wall by just giving it the money for it and then, when that didn’t happen, getting most of its donors to reroute that money; then it built a half-mile of wall on private land for as much as $8 million, which went to a firm of a Fox News star whom President Trump adores.

      Perlstein wrote in the aforementioned piece that it’s hard to “specify a break point where the money game ends and the ideological one begins,” since “the con selling 23-cent miracle cures for heart disease inches inexorably into the one selling miniscule marginal tax rates as the miracle cure for the nation itself.” The con job was sold through fear: “Conjuring up the most garishly insatiable monsters precisely in order to banish them from underneath the bed, they aim to put the target to sleep.”

      The Trump era is the inartful, gaudy, brazen peak of this phenomenon. This time, instead of selling fake stem cell cures using the language of Invading Liberals, the grifters are just straight-up selling—for real American dollars—the promise of building a big wall to keep the monsters out.

      https://splinternews.com/the-gofundme-border-wall-is-the-quintessential-trump-er-1835062340

    • Company touted by Trump to build the wall has history of fines, violations

      President Donald Trump appears to have set his sights on a North Dakota construction firm with a checkered legal record to build portions of his signature border wall.
      The family-owned company, #Fisher_Sand_&_Gravel, claims it can build the wall cheaper and faster than competitors. It was among a handful of construction firms chosen to build prototypes of the President’s border wall in 2017 and is currently constructing portions of barrier on private land along the border in New Mexico using private donations.
      It also, however, has a history of red flags including more than $1 million in fines for environmental and tax violations. A decade ago, a former co-owner of the company pleaded guilty to tax fraud, and was sentenced to prison. The company also admitted to defrauding the federal government by impeding the IRS. The former executive, who’s a brother of the current company owner, is no longer associated with it.
      More than two years into his presidency, Trump is still fighting to build and pay for his border wall, a key campaign issue. After failing to get his requests for wall funding passed by a Republican-held Congress during his first two years in office, Trump has met resistance this year from a Democratic-controlled House. His attempt to circumvent Congress through a national emergency declaration has been challenged in the courts.
      On May 24, a federal district judge blocked the administration from using Defense Department funds to construct parts of the wall. The Trump administration has since appealed the block to the 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals and in the interim, asked the district court to allow building to continue pending appeal. The district court denied the administration’s request.
      Despite the uncertainty, construction firms have been competing to win multimillion-dollar contracts to build portions of wall, including Fisher Sand & Gravel.

      Asked by CNN to comment on the company’s history of environmental violations and legal issues, the company said in a statement: ‘The questions you are asking have nothing to do with the excellent product and work that Fisher is proposing with regard to protecting America’s southern border. The issues and situations in your email were resolved years ago. None of those matters are outstanding today.’
      Catching the President’s attention
      The company was founded in North Dakota in 1952 and operates in several states across the US. It’s enjoyed public support from North Dakota Republican Sen. Kevin Cramer, who as a congressman invited the company’s CEO, Tommy Fisher, to Trump’s State of the Union address in 2018. Cramer has received campaign contributions from Fisher and his wife. A photo of the event shared by Fisher in a company newsletter shows Tommy Fisher shaking Trump’s hand.
      The Washington Post first reported the President’s interest in Fisher. According to the Post, the President has ‘aggressively’ pushed for the Army Corps of Engineers to award a wall contract to Fisher.
      The President ‘immediately brought up Fisher’ during a May 23 meeting in the Oval Office to discuss details of the border wall with various government officials, including that he wants it to be painted black and include French-style doors, according to the Post and confirmed by CNN.
      ‘The Army Corps of Engineers says about 450 miles of wall will be completed by the end of next year, and the only thing President Trump is pushing, is for the wall to be finished quickly so the American people have the safety and security they deserve,’ said Hogan Gidley, White House deputy press secretary.
      A US government official familiar with the meeting tells CNN that the President has repeatedly mentioned the company in discussions he’s had about the wall with the head of the Army Corps of Engineers, Lt. Gen. Todd Semonite.
      Fisher has recently made efforts to raise its public profile, both by upping its lobbying efforts and through repeated appearances on conservative media by its CEO, Tommy Fisher.

      In the past two years, for example, the company’s congressional lobbying expenditures jumped significantly — from $5,000 in 2017 to $75,000 in 2018, according to data compiled by the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-profit that tracks lobbying expenditures.

      When asked about Fisher Sand & Gravel’s lobbying, Don Larson, one of Fisher’s registered lobbyists, said: ‘I am working to help decision makers in Washington become familiar with the company and its outstanding capabilities.’
      Media Blitz
      As part of a media blitz on outlets including Fox News, SiriusXM Patriot and Breitbart News, Tommy Fisher has discussed his support for the border wall and pitched his company as the one to build it. In a March 5 appearance on Fox & Friends, Fisher said that his company could build 234 miles of border wall for $4.3 billion, compared to the $5.7 billion that the Trump administration has requested from Congress.
      Fisher claimed that his firm can work five-to-10 times faster than competitors as a result of its construction process.
      The President has also touted Fisher on Fox News. In an April interview in which he was asked about Fisher by Sean Hannity, Trump said the company was ‘recommended strongly by a great new senator, as you know, Kevin Cramer. And they’re real. But they have been bidding and so far they haven’t been meeting the bids. I thought they would.’
      Despite the President’s interest, the company has thus far been unsuccessful in obtaining a contract to build the border wall, beyond that of a prototype.

      Earlier this year, Fisher put its name in the running for border wall contracts worth nearly $1 billion. When it lost the bid to Barnard Construction Co. and SLSCO Ltd., Fisher protested the awards over claims that the process was biased. In response, the Army Corps canceled the award. But after a review of the process, the Army Corps combined the projects and granted it to a subsidiary of Barnard Construction, according to an agency spokesperson.
      It’s unclear whether the project will proceed, given the recent decision by a federal judge to block the use of Defense Department funds to build parts of the border wall and the administration’s appeal.
      Fisher, which has a pending lawsuit in the US Court of Federal Claims over the solicitation process, is listed by the Defense Department as being among firms eligible to compete for future border contracts.

      It has moved forward with a private group, We Build the Wall, that is building sections of barrier on private land in New Mexico using private money raised as part of a GoFundMe campaign. Kris Kobach, the former Kansas Secretary of State who is now general counsel for the group, said a half-mile stretch is nearly complete, at an estimated cost of $6 million to $8 million.

      In a statement, a Customs and Border Protection spokesperson said Fisher Industries has told them that the company has begun construction on private property along the border ‘in the approximate area of a USBP border barrier requirement that was not prioritized under current funding.’
      The spokesperson added: ‘It is not uncommon for vendors’ to demonstrate their capabilities using ‘their own resources,’ but the agency goes on to ‘encourage all interested vendors’ to compete for border contracts ‘through established mechanisms to ensure any construction is carried out under relevant federal authorities and meets USBP operational requirements for border barrier.’
      In responses provided to CNN through Scott Sleight, an attorney working on behalf of the company, Fisher maintained that it’s ‘committed to working with all appropriate federal government officials and agencies to provide its expertise and experience to help secure America’s southern border.’
      The company says it has ‘developed a patent-pending bollard fence hanging system that [it] believes allows border fencing to be constructed faster than any contractor using common construction methods.’ It also added: ‘Fisher has been concerned about the procurement procedures and evaluations done by the USACE to date, and hopes these issues can be remedied.’
      Relationship with Sen. Cramer
      A month after attending the 2018 State of the Union address with Cramer, Fisher and his wife, Candice each contributed the $5,400 maximum donation to Cramer’s campaign for the US Senate, Federal Election Commission records show.
      Fisher also donated to several Arizona Republicans in the 2018 election cycle, including giving the $5,400-maximum donation to Martha McSally’s campaign, records show.
      A recent video produced by Fisher Sand & Gravel demonstrating its ability to construct the wall includes a clip of Cramer at the controls of a track-hoe lifting sections of barrier wall into place, saying ‘this is just like XBOX, baby.’ Cramer was joined at the demonstration by a handful of other Republican lawmakers from across the country.

      Cramer has been publicly critical of how the Army Corps has handled its border wall construction work, arguing that it has moved too slowly and expressing frustration over how it has dealt with Fisher. In an interview with a North Dakota TV station, Cramer said that he believes the corps ‘made a miscalculation in who they chose over Fisher’ and that the company had been ‘skunked so to speak.’ Cramer added that Fisher ‘remains a pre-qualified, high level, competitor.’

      In an interview with CNN, Cramer said that the company has come up in conversations he has had with administration officials, including the President and the head of the Army Corps, but while the senator said that he would ‘love if they got every inch of the project,’ he added that he has ‘never advocated specifically for them.’
      “Every time someone comes to meet with me, whether it’s (Acting Defense Secretary) Shanahan, General Semonite, even with Donald Trump, they bring up Fisher Industries because they assume that’s my thing,” Cramer said.
      ‘One of the things I’ve never done is said it should be Fisher,’ Cramer said. ‘Now, I love Fisher. I’d love if they got every inch of the project. They’re my constituents, I don’t apologize for that. But my interest really is more in the bureaucratic process.’
      According to an administration official familiar with the situation, Cramer sent information about Fisher to the President’s son-in-law and White House adviser Jared Kushner, who then passed it along to the Army Corps of Engineers for their consideration. The source tells CNN that Kushner was not familiar with the company prior to getting information about them from Cramer.
      Cramer said he does recall passing along information about the company to Kushner, but that he did not know what Kushner did with the information.
      On May 24, Cramer told a North Dakota radio station that the President has asked him to examine the process of how federal border wall projects are awarded.
      ‘We’re going to do an entire audit,’ Cramer said. ‘I’ve asked for the entire bid process, and all of the bid numbers.’ Cramer told CNN the President said he wanted the wall built for the ‘lowest, best price, and it’s also quality, and that’s what any builder should want.’
      Asked about aspects of the company’s checkered legal record, Cramer said ‘that level of scrutiny is important, but I would hope the same scrutiny would be put on the Corps of Engineers.’
      Environmental violations
      Though its corporate headquarters are in North Dakota, Fisher has a sizable footprint in Arizona, where it operates an asphalt company as well as a drilling and blasting company. It’s there that the company has compiled an extensive track record of environmental violations.
      From 2007 to 2017, Fisher Sand & Gravel compiled more than 1,300 air-quality violations in Maricopa County, culminating in the third highest settlement ever received by the Maricopa County Air Quality Department, according to Bob Huhn, a department spokesperson. That’s a record number of violations for any air-quality settlement in the county, Huhn said. The settlement totaled more than $1 million, though the department received slightly less than that following negotiations, Huhn said.
      Most of the violations came from an asphalt plant that the company was running in south Phoenix that has since closed. While the plant was still running, the City of Phoenix filed 469 criminal charges against the company from August to October of 2009, according to a city spokesperson.
      According to a 2010 article in the Arizona Republic, Fisher reached an agreement with Phoenix officials to close the plant in 2010. As part of the deal, fines were reduced from $1.1 million to an estimated $243,000 and all criminal charges were reduced to civil charges.
      Mary Rose Wilcox was a member of the Maricopa Board of Supervisors at the time the city and county were fighting Fisher over the asphalt plant, which was located in her district. ‘They tried to persuade us they were good guys since they were a family-owned company. But they were spreading noxious fumes into a residential area,’ Wilcox said. ‘We tried to work with them, but their violations were just so blatant.’
      Michael Pops, a community activist who lived in the area around the plant, remembers fighting with Fisher for six years before the plant finally shut down. ‘The impact they had on this community was devastating,’ Pops said, adding many low-income residents living near the asphalt plant were sickened from the fumes the plant emitted.
      The company has also racked up more than 120 violations with the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality from 2004 until as recently as last summer, according to the department.
      In 2011, Fisher agreed to a Consent Judgement with ADEQ over numerous air quality violations the company had committed. As part of that settlement, Fisher agreed to pay $125,000 in civil penalties, and that it would remain in compliance with state air quality standards. Within two years Fisher was found to be in violation of that agreement and was forced to pay an additional $500,000 in fines, according to the state’s attorney general’s office.
      Legal trouble
      Internally, the company has also confronted issues.
      In 2011, Fisher Sand & Gravel agreed to pay $150,000 to settle a sexual discrimination and retaliation suit filed by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The lawsuit charged that the company violated federal anti-discrimination laws when it ‘subjected two women workers to egregious verbal sexual harassment by a supervisor and then fired one of them after she repeatedly asked the supervisor to stop harassing her and complained to a job superintendent.’
      The settlement required Fisher to provide anti-discrimination training to its employees in New Mexico and review its policies on sexual harassment.
      Micheal Fisher, a former co-owner of Fisher and Tommy’s brother, was sentenced to prison in 2009 for tax fraud, according to the Justice Department. Fisher pleaded guilty to ‘conspiracy to defraud the United States by impeding the [Internal Revenue Service], four counts of aiding in the filing of false federal tax returns for FSG and four counts of filing false individual tax returns,’ according to a Justice Department release.
      The company also admitted responsibility for defrauding the US by impeding the IRS, according to the DOJ. Citing a long standing policy of not commenting on the contracting process, the Army Corps declined to comment on whether Fisher’s history factored into its decision not to award Fisher a contract.

      https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/31/politics/fisher-sand-and-gravel-legal-history-border-wall/index.html

    • Private US-Mexico border wall ordered open by gov’t, fights back and is now closed again

      The privately funded portion of the U.S.-Mexico border wall is now fully secure and closed again after one of its gates had been ordered to remain open until disputes about waterway access could be resolved.

      “Our border wall & gate are secure again and we still have not had a single breach. I want to thank the IBWC for acting swiftly and we look forward to working with you on our future projects,” triple amputee Air Force veteran Brian Kolfage posted to Twitter on Tuesday night.

      Kolfage created We Build The Wall Inc., a nonprofit that is now backed by former Trump Administration Chief Strategist Steve Bannon. The group crowd-funded more than $22 million in order to privately build a border wall and then sell it to the U.S. government for $1.

      A portion of that wall has been constructed in Texas for between $6 and $8 million. The 1-mile-long wall is located on private property near El Paso, Texas, and Sunland Park, New Mexico.

      However, the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) had ordered a 33-foot gate within the private border wall to remain open – not locked and closed – over a waterway access issue, according to BuzzFeed News. The IBCW addresses waterway issues between the U.S. and Mexico.

      “This is normally done well in advance of a construction project,” IBWC spokesperson Lori Kuczmanski said. “They think they can build now and ask questions later, and that’s not how it works.”

      BuzzFeed reported that the IBWC said the gate “had blocked officials from accessing a levee and dam, and cut off public access to a historic monument known as Monument One, the first in a series of obelisks that mark the U.S.–Mexico border from El Paso to Tijuana.”

      By Tuesday night, the IBWC said the gate would remain locked at night and issued a statement.

      “The U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) will lock the privately-owned gate on federal property at night effective immediately due to security concerns,” it said.

      The statement continues:

      The USIBWC is continuing to work with We Build the Wall regarding its permit request. Until this decision, the private gate was in a locked open position. We Build the Wall, a private organization, built a gate on federal land in Sunland Park, N.M., near El Paso, Texas, without authority, and then locked the gate closed on June 6, 2019. The private gate blocks a levee road owned by the U.S. Government. After repeated requests to unlock and open the private gate, the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC), accompanied by two uniformed law enforcement officers from the Dona Ana County Sheriff’s Office, removed the private lock, opened the gate, and locked the gate open pending further discussions with We Build the Wall. The gate was also opened so that USIBWC employees can conduct maintenance and operations at American Dam.

      The USIBWC did not authorize the construction of the private gate on federal property as announced on We Build the Wall’s Twitter page. The USIBWC is not charged with securing other fences or gates as reported by We Build the Wall. The international border fences are not on USIBWC property. The USIBWC did not open any other gates in the El Paso area as erroneously reported. Other gates and the border fence are controlled by other federal agencies.

      When the proper documentation is received for the permit, USIBWC will continue to process the permit application.

      Before the statement had been released, Kolfage posted to Twitter.
      https://a

      mericanmilitarynews.com/2019/06/private-us-mexico-border-wall-ordered-open-by-intl-group-later-closed-locked-after-security-concerns/


  • Des épreuves cantonales jugées trop stressantes pour les petits Vaudois Tania Barril - 7 Mai 2019 - RTS
    https://www.rts.ch/info/suisse/10411299-des-epreuves-cantonales-jugees-trop-stressantes-pour-les-petits-vaudois

    Les élèves vaudois sont-ils trop mis sous pression avec les épreuves cantonales de référence (ECR) qui débutent lundi ? C’est ce que pense un député écologiste qui va déposer un postulat pour « remettre en cause le poids et le rôle de ces épreuves ».

    Pour les élèves de 8ème, âgés de 12 ans, ces examens ont une importance particulière car ils compteront pour un tiers de leur moyenne dans les branches principales.

    Des tests que certains préparent des semaines en avance. Pour le député Vassilis Venizelos c’est trop ! Selon une information de la RTS, après avoir interpellé le Conseil d’Etat il va déposer un postulat sur le poids de ces examens.

    Un système critiqué
    Les ECR doivent servir de comparatif entre établissements. Ils sont devenus une course à la performance estime le député vert. « Je remets en cause le poids et le rôle de ces épreuves. On a des enseignants qui, dans les périodes d’accueil des parents, annoncent que l’objectif premier de l’année sera le passage des ECR. Ces épreuves génèrent souvent une source d’angoisse, une source de stress importante dans certains cas. On s’éloigne des objectifs premiers de l’école qui doivent être l’acquisition de compétences et l’apprentissage, plutôt que l’évaluation pour l’évaluation. »

    Le député dénonce également le business autour de ces examens. Nombreux sont les parents qui sollicitent cours privés et répétiteurs pour faire réviser leurs enfants. L’école vaudoise de cours privés futurplus confirme cette tendance. Elle enregistre depuis 2016 une hausse annuelle d’environ 20% d’élèves inscrits aux modules ECR.

    Mais pour le canton ces critiques sont à relativiser. Dans sa réponse à l’interpellation de Vassilis Venizelos, il rappelle que les ECR servent aussi bel et bien à évaluer les élèves. Et que les notes obtenues durant ces tests sont généralement équivalentes aux notes obtenues durant l’année, elles ne seraient donc pas des causes d’échec.

    Cliquez ici pour consulter une épreuve  : https://www.vd.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/organisation/dfj/dgeo/fichiers_pdf/DP_ECR_MATH_EPREUVE_8P.pdf

    #obsession de l’#évaluation #business #épreuves #éducation #santé_psychique #surveillance #stress #Suisse #violence_institutionnelle



  • Global military spending tops $1.8 trillion, highest on record

    Global military spending has reached a new post-Cold War high, topping $1.8 trillion in 2018, according to an annual report published this week by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). This marks a 2.6 percent increase over the previous annual record for worldwide military expenditures in 2017.

    Most notably, US military spending increased by 4.6 percent in 2018, to $649 billion, the first annual US spending hike recorded by SIPRI since 2011. This trend is set to continue, with President Donald Trump having signed a $686 billion budget for 2019 and requesting $718 billion for the Pentagon in 2020. The Congressional Budget Office projects that if current funding trends continue, the US will spend $7 trillion on its military over the next decade, equivalent to the amount which will be spent on education, infrastructure and public health programs combined.


    https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2019/04/30/pers-a30.html#disqus_thread
    #industrie_militaire #business #armes #commerce_d'armes #statistiques #chiffres #2018


  • Dans le #business de l’#humanitaire : doit-on tirer #profit des #réfugiés ?

    Depuis la crise économique de 2008 et la multiplication des conflits dans le monde, l’insuffisance des fonds alloués au secteur humanitaire n’a jamais été aussi importante. En effet seulement 59 % des besoins en la matière ont été financés en 2018.

    Pour l’une des crises humanitaires les plus médiatisées, celle des réfugiés, les chiffres sont plus alarmants encore. Le Haut-commissariat pour les Réfugiés (HCR) estime que pour l’année 2019 tout juste 14 % de l’aide nécessaire a été financée pour venir en aide aux 68,5 millions de réfugiés, demandeurs d’asile, personnes déplacées et apatrides.
    L’échec du système d’asile

    Bien que garanti par le droit international l’accueil de ces populations vulnérables reste globalement infime. En moyenne, seulement 1 % des réfugiés sont référés par le HCR pour être réinstallés dans des pays d’accueil chaque année. Le cantonnement en camps ou les installations plus ou moins précaires dans les pays limitrophes des zones de conflits deviennent les seules alternatives pour la grande majorité des réfugiés, pour qui la durée moyenne d’exil est d’environ 26 ans.

    Victimes des politiques d’asile de plus en plus restrictives des pays occidentaux plus de 85 % vivent dans des pays « en développement », dont les services élémentaires sont déjà sous pression.

    Le privé à la rescousse

    Pour pallier ces tensions, les capacités financières et innovatrices du secteur privé semblent aujourd’hui s’imposer comme une solution. Le HCR reconnaît en effet que le monde commercial joue un rôle central pour fournir des opportunités aux réfugiés et les soutenir.

    Le Pacte mondial sur les réfugiés adopté par 181 membres de l’ONU en décembre 2018 a lui aussi souligné le rôle primordial du secteur privé pour contrer les failles du système humanitaire.

    Que ce soit en termes d’emploi, d’opportunités commerciales ou de fourniture de biens et de services essentiels par l’intermédiaire de partenariats public-privé, ou encore en aidant les agences non gouvernementales ou gouvernementales à innover pour améliorer la qualité et la provision de l’aide, le monde du business semble désormais indissociable du monde humanitaire.

    Mais normaliser la condition du réfugié dans la logique économique de marché, n’est pas un artifice idéologique servant de plus en plus les intérêts corporatifs ? Et ces derniers ne passeront-ils pas avant ceux des réfugiés dans ce business désormais très rentable – fort de ses 20 milliards de dollars par an- qu’est devenu l’humanitaire ?
    De nombreuses plates-formes impliquées

    Le secteur commercial est impliqué à de nombreux niveaux du système d’asile. Par exemple, via des forums consultatifs comme la branche UNHCR Innovation du HCR créée en 2012 et financée par la fondation IKEA. Ce forum cherche à développer des moyens créatifs d’engager les entreprises et leurs ressources technologiques.

    D’autres plates-formes comme l’initiative #Connecting_Business ou encore #The_Solutions_Alliance tendent à impliquer le secteur privé dans les solutions en déplacement et en mesurer l’impact.

    Ou encore des organismes comme #Talent_beyond_boundaries ou la plate-forme française #Action_emploi_réfugiés élaborent des #bases_de_données regroupant des réfugiés et leurs #compétences techniques et académiques afin de les connecter à des employeurs potentiels dans les pays les autorisant à travailler.

    Afin de coordonner et de conseiller les actions et réponses du monde du profit, d’autres acteurs comme les consultants #Philanthropy_Advisors ont vu le jour pour promouvoir le développement de la collaboration philanthropique stratégique entre les #entreprises et le monde humanitaire, et les aider à projeter leur retour sur #investissement.

    Les marchés prospèrent

    Ainsi les partenariats public-privé avec le HCR et les ONG se multiplient, tant pour les prestations de service que l’expertise du secteur privé dans l’innovation.

    De gigantesques salons commerciaux réunissent régulièrement les grandes agences onusiennes, des ONG et des sociétés privées de toute taille afin d’essayer de prendre les marchés de l’humanitaire. Au salon DIHAD de Dubai par exemple, des stands de vendeurs de drones, de lampes photovoltaïques ou encore de kits alimentaires côtoient ceux des sociétés de services financiers comme MasterCard Worldwide ou des grands cabinets d’audit et de réduction des coûts en entreprise, comme Accenture et Deloitte.

    Cette concurrence grandissante des marchés de l’humanitaire semble suggérer que le système d’asile s’inscrit lui aussi progressivement dans un modèle néolibéral, appliquant la logique économique de marché jusque dans la sphère humanitaire.
    Abus et philanthropie des bailleurs de fonds

    Ce monde humanitaire qui pratique une logique propre à celle du monde des affaires soulève de multiples questions éthiques et pragmatiques.

    Au niveau philanthropique par exemple, les partenaires majeurs du HCR incluent des multinationales comme #Nike, #Merck, #BP, #Nestlé, #IKEA ou encore #Microsoft.

    Or, bien que l’apport financier de ces corporations soit essentiel pour contrer le manque de fonds du système d’asile, la crédibilité et la légitimité de certains partenaires a été contestée.

    Pour cause, les exploitations et abus déjà recensés à l’encontre de ces corporations. Nestlé a récemment été accusé d’esclavagisme en Thaïlande ; Nike et BP ont eux aussi été régulièrement critiqués pour leur modèle économique peu regardant des droits du travail ; ou encore Microsoft, récemment accusé d’exploitation d’enfants dans les mines de cobalt en République Démocratique du Congo. L’entreprise IKEA, bailleur majeur du HCR à quant à elle été inculpée dans un scandale d’évasion fiscale, accusée d’échapper ainsi aux taxes dans les états qui entre autres, financent le HCR.
    Des employeurs douteux

    En tant qu’employeur, le secteur privé embauche et rémunère des réfugiés dans des contextes légaux comme clandestins.

    Par exemple, 20 % de la main d’œuvre de la compagnie #Chobani, spécialiste du yaourt à la grecque implantée aux États-Unis est réfugiée. Son PDG estime que dans le monde actuel le secteur privé est l ‘agent de changement le plus efficace et a ainsi créé la fondation #Partenariat_Tent, afin de sensibiliser le monde commercial à l’importance du secteur privé dans la cause réfugiée.

    Par l’intermédiaire de cette plate-forme, plus de 20 entreprises dont #Microsoft, #Ikea, #H&M et #Hilton ont annoncé des initiatives d’#emploi destinées à contrer la crise des déplacements.

    Cependant, puisque souvent sans droit de travail dans les pays d’accueil de la majorité des réfugiés, ceux-ci sont souvent prêts à accepter n’importe quelle opportunité, et s’exposent à toute sorte de mécanisme d’exploitation, des multinationales aux petites entreprises, légalement ou dans l’économie informelle.

    Des enfants réfugiés Rohingya au Bangladesh aux Syriens en Turquie, Irak, Jordanie ou au Liban exploités dans diverses industries, les exemples d’abus par des entreprises de toutes tailles sont souvent recensés et vaguement relayés dans la presse. Parfois, les entreprises inculpées ne sont autres que des géants comme #Zara, #Mango, #Marks_and_Spencer, qui ne sont pas légalement réprimandés car il n’existe ni mécanisme de coercition ni cadre de sanction pour les multinationales.

    L’ambiguïté des sous-traitants

    Par ailleurs, les gouvernements, le #HCR et les #ONG sous-traitent progressivement l’assistance et la protection des réfugiés à divers partenaires commerciaux afin d’améliorer les conditions de vie dans des secteurs aussi divers que la finance, la provision de service, le conseil, la construction, la santé, la technologie ou encore l’éducation.

    Si de tels projets sont souvent très positifs, d’autres se font complices ou tirent profit de politiques publiques allant à l’encontre de la protection des droits humains. La multinationale espagnole #Ferrovial, un entrepreneur indépendant contracté par l’état australien pour gérer son système carcéral des demandeurs d’asile offshore, a été accusée de mauvais traitements chroniques envers les réfugiés dans des centres de détention extraterritoriaux administrés par l’Australie. Cette dernière est elle-même accusée de crimes contre l’humanité pour son traitement des demandeurs d’asile arrivés par bateau.

    Amnesty International a aussi dénoncé des actes de torture par la compagnie Australienne #Wilson_Security, sous-traitant de la filiale australienne de Ferrovial, #Broadspectrum.

    La compagnie britannique de sécurité #G4S a elle aussi fait l’objet d’une multitude d’allégations concernant des violences physiques perpétrées par ses employés dans des camps contre des réfugiés, par exemple à Daddab au Kenya, et sans conséquence pour G4S.

    Des compagnies comme #European_Homecare ou #ORS spécialisées dans la provision de service aux migrants et réfugiés ont été accusées de #maltraitance dans les milieux carcéraux envers les gardes et les réfugiés.

    Ainsi, selon un rapport de L’Internationale des services publics, la privatisation des services aux réfugiés et aux demandeurs d’asile a un impact direct sur leur qualité et aboutit à des services inappropriés, caractérisés par un manque d’empathie, et ne respectant souvent pas les droits humains.

    Le business de la catastrophe

    Par soucis d’efficacité, en privatisant de plus en plus leurs services et en laissant le monde du profit infiltrer celui de l’humanitaire, le HCR et les ONG prennent le risque de créer des conditions d’exploitation échappant aux mécanismes légaux de responsabilité.

    Aux vues de nombreuses questions éthiques, le monde commercial peut-il réellement contrer les failles étatiques et organisationnelles du monde humanitaire ? L’intégration du secteur privé dans le système de protection et d’assistance aux réfugiés, est-ce aussi en soi justifier le désengagement des États de leurs obligations en matière de protection des personnes les plus vulnérables ?

    Comment ainsi éviter que cette source d’opportunité commerciale pour les entreprises, et les opportunités d’émancipation que cela engendre pour les réfugiés, n’entraîne leur marchandisation et exploitation, dans un contexte où les cadres juridiques en matière de business et droits humains ne sont visiblement pas assez strictes ?

    https://theconversation.com/dans-le-business-de-lhumanitaire-doit-on-tirer-profit-des-refugies-
    #privatisation #partenariats_public-privé #PPP #asile #migrations #philanthropie #travail #salons_commerciaux #salons #DIHAD #néolibéralisme #sous-traitance


  • Why I Hate The Idea Of The “Side Hustle”
    https://hackernoon.com/why-i-hate-the-idea-of-the-side-hustle-347f6f0deb2e?source=rss----3a8144

    Originally Posted HereI hate the idea of the side hustle.Let me explain.Since I was 16 I had a knack for picking up 2–3 jobs at one time. Sometimes I did it on purpose, other times it honestly just happened.It started first when I was working as a cook in fine dining and one of the Chefs went to another restaurant and asked me to come along. Rather than quit my current gig, I decided to keep both jobs. Soon, that very same Chef asked me to deliver some micro greens (like micro beets, micro basil, etc) for 20 dollars an hour, which at the time (and even now) was amazing! So of course, I took him up on that offer as well. When I graduated from college I began working as a data engineer and this pattern continuedQuickly after entering the corporate world, I had a director who left come to me (...)

    #leadership #business #startup #self-improvement #development


  • Is #blockchain the Answer for Musicians fed up with the industry?
    https://hackernoon.com/is-blockchain-the-answer-for-musicians-fed-up-with-the-industry-4226aa8b

    Musicians are fed up with how the current industry controls and exploits their #music. That’s why many are flocking to blockchain platforms, with the hope of making the industry more just and transparentBefore the 1990s, record labels tightly controlled all facets of the music industry from musician funding to distribution and even royalty payment collection.This all changed with the rise of the internet and file sharing platforms such as Napster and Limewire, who made music available anywhere, anytime, and to top it all off, for free.The rise of file sharing platforms crippled the record labels control over the music industry because they no longer controlled the distribution networks of new music, nor did they have time to recover as consumers moved on to digital music distribution.The (...)

    #cryptocurrency #business #research



  • Companies Already Using AI and IoT to Hack #business #growth in 2019
    https://hackernoon.com/companies-already-using-ai-and-iot-to-hack-business-growth-in-2019-2bdc2

    “An organization’s ability to learn, and translate that learning into action rapidly, is the ultimate competitive advantage”-Jack WelchWhat is Artificial intelligence?Artificial intelligence is the stimulation of human intelligence processes by the computer machines. This means they will have extra functions like logical reasoning. In simple terms now the machine will have human-like power to rationalize things unlike before where they performed a predetermined task.What is IoT (Internet of Things)?Internet of things is simply interlinking of all the digital devices and machines with the people using a wireless connection. With IOT one can communicate and connect a far-reaching network with complete ease.How will Artificial intelligence and IoT help to transform small businesses?To run any (...)

    #small-business #artificial-intelligence #internet-of-things


  • The Mindset Of The #startup Founders
    https://hackernoon.com/the-mindset-of-the-startup-founders-4b22c0b0d1d7?source=rss----3a8144eab

    What Goes Into The Mind Of Startup Founders?Idea is powerful but not until it becomes actionable and get the validation by real user.We are living in the era where the word impossible seems to be challenged by young dare-devils. For them every problem seems to be like an opportunity to make an impact. They are not limited by their thoughts, they want to fight, they want to try, failures are no more stopping them, they have all the courage to stand up and face and grow up.That is the spirit which is shaping the current world of today, fostering new energy and giving birth to new kind of innovation. I have been fortunate enough to meet many startup founders and also being a startup founder myself, this topic very close to my heart. It very relevant in the current dynamics to understand (...)

    #business #technology #entrepreneurship #leadership


  • Is #react Native Worth Using?
    https://hackernoon.com/is-react-native-worth-using-fc69f98b6683?source=rss----3a8144eabfe3---4

    React Native provides an opportunity to build cross-platform apps for both IOS and Android. This creates a thought that you can build one app that will work on both platforms, so you can cut the costs twice. However, there is a lot of misconception around this framework and the first thing you should know — it’s not a perfect choice for all of the apps. Let’s dive into the topic and understand what are strong and weak sides of React Native and is it worth using.Interest in React Native is IncreasingReact Native was developed in 2015 by Facebook and since that time the interest in this framework was rapidly growing:And it’s not a surprise, because when businesses think about building an application they immediately end up on React Native because of its attractive features.Pros of React  (...)

    #business-development #business-analysis #technology #react-native


  • Social Network Development: Types, Challenges, Technologies, Costs
    https://hackernoon.com/social-network-development-types-challenges-technologies-costs-1e185da3b

    The niche of social media is very perspective for business, though it’s occupied by big players like Facebook, Instagram, Flickr, etc.Continue reading on Hacker Noon »

    #social-network #business-analysis #software-development #startup #business-development


  • « 12 000 automobiles. 18 millions de bénéfices nets. 33 doigts »
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2019/04/18/12-000-automobiles-18-millions-de-benefices-nets-33-doigts

    En 1930, l’auteur russe Ilya Ehrenbourg publie en France Dix chevaux-vapeur, une chronique consacrée au développement de l’industrie automobile qui est aussi une critique du mode de production capitaliste et de Lire la suite...

    #Uncategorized #business #capitalisme #citroën #constructeurs #emploi #histoire #industrie #voiture


  • #blockchain And Entertprises — A Match Made In Heaven
    https://hackernoon.com/blockchain-and-entertprises-a-match-made-in-heaven-4b067654ae21?source=r

    Blockchain And Entertprises — A Match Made In HeavenAs the world becomes increasingly digital, do not be surprised when you see more and more businesses upgrade their databases to a blockchain architecture. Not only is this nascent technology more efficient and secure than traditional data storage methods, but it is also faster and better for scaling, often allowing the latency of a network to fall several times while the transaction throughput increases.There are several existing blockchain infrastructure protocols geared toward businesses — from public chains like Ethereum to private blockchains like GoChain, R3 Corda, and Hyperledger Fabric. However, not all of these blockchains have the specs that businesses need to build their programs and platforms. As a matter of fact, when EventChain (...)

    #blockchain-application #blockchain-and-enterprise #enterprise-technology #business-intelligence


  • How to Build a #marketing Strategy for your #startup with No Money
    https://hackernoon.com/how-to-build-a-marketing-strategy-for-your-startup-with-no-money-649963d

    As a startup founder, you may think that you need to have a lot of capital available in order to build and implement an effective marketing strategy for your new venture.However, while having money is certainly helpful, it is entirely possible to craft a marketing strategy that requires minimal spending and yields worthwhile results. The key is to have the right goals in mind and know which tools can be the most effective in helping you achieve those goals.- Set goals for your marketing effortsMany startup founders may be under the assumption that they need to “do marketing,” but don’t have a clear idea of what that even means or why they are actually doing it. This approach to marketing is not only ineffective but also leads to wasted time, energy and resources. With that said, knowing (...)

    #advertising #business-strategy #digital-marketing


  • 10 Open Source #ai Project Ideas For Startups
    https://hackernoon.com/10-open-source-ai-project-ideas-for-startups-1afda6fb0aa8?source=rss----

    The open source AI projects particularly pay attention to deep learning, machine learning, neural network and other applications that are extending the use of AI.Those involved in deep researches have always had the goal of building machines capable of thinking like human beings.For the last few years, computer scientists have made unbelievable progress in Artificial Intelligence (AI) to this extent that the interest in AI project ideas keeps increasing among technology enthusiasts.As per Gartner’s prediction, Artificial Intelligence technologies going to be virtually prevalent in nearly all new software products and services.The contribution of open source software development to the rise of Artificial Intelligence is immeasurable. And, innumerable top machine learning, deep learning, (...)

    #startup #business #open-source #machine-learning


  • Are #business Cards Still Relevant?
    https://hackernoon.com/are-business-cards-still-relevant-f35748d45a6c?source=rss----3a8144eabfe

    These days, everything has gone digital. Businesses are conducted online, we make meetings over digital platforms, and this means that conventional business tools like paper, fax machines, and even physical offices are beginning to lose their meaning.However, of all the conventional business tools that we’ve had, business cards have still not lost their importance.Here are a few reasons why:They are awesome tools for promotion and marketingBusiness cards present one of the easiest ways to promote yourself, especially when you’re running a small business. You hope that the person you give it to will use the information on it to contact you, and maybe even refer you to other people who might need your service.However, why keep things there?You can easily turn your business card into a (...)

    #growth-marketing #marketing #networking #technology


  • Une technologie française de reconnaissance faciale échoue à reconnaître le moindre visage parmi 900 000 véhicules qui passent chaque jour à New York Thomas Giraudet - 10 Avr 2019 - business insider
    https://www.businessinsider.fr/une-technologie-francaise-de-reconnaissance-faciale-echoue-a-reconna

    Ce devait être un test fiable pour identifier les contrevenants à New York grâce à la reconnaissance faciale. Mais un an après, c’est un échec français. La technologie de l’entreprise Idemia, née du rapprochement de Morpho, filiale de Safran, avec Oberthur Technologies, n’a pas été en mesure de reconnaître le moindre visage parmi les 900 000 véhicules qui passent chaque jour le pont Robert F. Kennedy, qui relie Manhattan au Queen’s et au Bronx, révèle le Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/mtas-initial-foray-into-facial-recognition-at-high-speed-is-a-bust-11554642000


    Embouteillages à New York. Flickr/Clemens v. Vogelsang

    Le quotidien de la finance cite un mail de l’entreprise chargée des transports publics new yorkais — Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) — qui indique « qu’aucun visage n’a été identifié dans des paramètres acceptables ». Interrogé par le Wall Street Journal, un porte-parole de la MTA précise que l’expérimentation annoncée à l’été 2018 se poursuivra malgré tout. Idemia, qui aurait vendu le logiciel 25 000 dollars, n’a pas répondu aux questions du journal. A ce stade, aucune explication claire sur les raisons de cette faille n’a été formulée.

    Etats et entreprises commencent à s’emparer de la reconnaissance faciale, même si cela soulève de nombreuses oppositions sur la protection de la vie privée. Si Apple propose cette technologie pour déverrouiller son iPhone ou Aéroports de Paris pour éviter les files d’attente, le Japon compte l’utiliser pour contrôler les 300 000 athlètes pendant les Jeux Olympiques de 2020 tandis que la Chine a déjà largement étendu son application. Plusieurs régions scannent ainsi l’intégralité de la population du pays en une seconde pour traquer et arrêter des personnes.

    Sur son site internet, Idemia avance que sa solution d’identification faciale « permet aux enquêteurs, analystes et détectives dûment formés de résoudre des crimes grâce à la recherche automatique des visages et au suivi de photos ou de vidéos ». Pour ce faire, elle compare différentes photos et vidéos à une base de données, même à partir de plusieurs vues partielles.

    Née de la fusion de Morpho, filiale de Safran, avec Oberthur Technologies, Idemia officie sur les marchés de l’identification, de l’authentification et de la sécurité des données. Mais surtout des cartes de paiement : avec Gemalto, elles se partagent la grande majorité du marché mondial des encarteurs. Idemia réalise environ 3 milliards d’euros de chiffre d’affaires.

    #IA #râteau #idemia #intelligence_artificielle #algorithme #surveillance #complexe_militaro-industriel #big-data #surveillance_de_masse #biométrie #business #biométrie #vie_privée #MDR


  • How #blockchain Can Improve Life in #cities and Reduce the Cost of Deliveries
    https://hackernoon.com/blockchain-improve-cities-reduce-cost-deliveries-ecommerce-f66c50be29e5?

    Geeba plans to use blockchain technology to improve the speed of e-commerce deliveries and ease the burden on urban infrastructures.Urban delivery is expensive due to outdated technologies and a lack of flexibility in the supply chainBlockchain technology is often touted as a world-historic shift in how we organize information, conduct economic transactions, and even our political structures. Yet, blockchain also has many less dramatic applications that fall short of fundamental social transformation. These practical applications still make a positive contribution to the social good.“Last-Mile” DeliveryMany sectors of the traditional economy have segments in which blockchain technology could be hugely helpful in increasing efficiency, reducing waste, and easing pressure on urban (...)

    #ecommerce #business #startup


  • La Ville de Marseille tait le nombre des personnes évacuées David Coquille et Florent de Corbier - 27 mars 2019 - La Marseillaise
    http://m.lamarseillaise.fr/marseille/societe/75623-la-ville-de-marseille-tait-le-nombre-des-personnes-evacuees

    À défaut de juguler la flambée du nombre d’immeubles en péril, la Ville a choisi de ne plus communiquer de chiffres alors que le seuil des 3 000 personnes évacuées depuis le 5 novembre pourrait vite être atteint.


    228 arrêtés de péril sont déjà publiés sur le site de la Ville Photo d.c.

    Combien de personnes évacuées ? Combien d’immeubles condamnés depuis le 5 novembre ? Depuis bientôt deux mois, la mairie de Marseille ne communique plus aucun chiffre à la presse. Malgré nos demandes, la Ville ne répond pas. C’est sa stratégie de gestion de crise. Les derniers éléments livrés remontent à début février. On comptait alors 2 017 personnes évacuées dont 1 371 hébergées dans des hôtels

    Dans les premiers jours qui ont suivi les effondrements meurtriers de la rue d’Aubagne, les signalements ont explosé au standard d’Allô Mairie au rythme de 50 par jour. La courbe des évacuations est montée en flèche. 13 jours après le drame, plus de 1 000 personnes étaient évacuées et 100 immeubles condamnés. Le 30 janvier, un nouveau seuil a été franchi avec 2 005 personnes évacuées de 247 immeubles considérés comme dangereux. Lors de la dernière assemblée plénière de la Région le 15 mars, où une enveloppe de 100 000 euros d’aide aux sinistrés a été votée, la conseillère régionale (LR) Isabelle Savon a évoqué dans son rapport oral le que « la vie de près de 3 000 personnes » était bouleversée.

    Tickets RTM aux sinistrés
    Selon nos informations, 2 747 personnes étaient enregistrées à la fin du mois de février dans Logévac, le logiciel du service de la Gestion des risques urbains qui recense depuis le 5 novembre les évacuations dans tout Marseille. Toutes ces personnes ne sont pas en hôtels. Certaines ont pu se reloger seules, trouver un hébergement d’urgence grâce à leur assurance, à la solidarité familiale ou amicale. Autre chiffre que nous avons pu obtenir de bonne source : au 5 mars, 619 ménages étaient dans l’attente d’un relogement. 228 arrêtés de périls ont été mis en ligne sur le site de la Ville de Marseille depuis le 5 novembre. Près d’une cinquantaine devait encore l’être. Pour flouter un peu plus la situation, la Ville a de plus en plus recours à des arrêtés d’interdiction d’occuper, permettant d’évacuer des immeubles sans attendre la désignation d’un expert judiciaire. La crise est loin d’être finie alors que l’audit gouvernemental des immeubles n’a pas encore débuté.

    La Ville s’en remet de plus en plus à la Métropole pour gérer l’habitat indigne et ses conséquences. C’est désormais la Métropole qui va gérer la distribution de titres de transport pour les sinistrés des logements évacués. Une convention doit être votée jeudi en conseil métropolitain. Si les billets seront toujours gratuits, la Métropole veut instaurer une « distribution sécurisée et contrôlée de ces titres de transport ». Et prévient même les éventuels « fraudeurs » : elle « se réserve le droit de vérifier la bonne utilisation de ces titres en particulier s’il y a redondance avec la possession d’abonnements gratuits ou à tarifs préférentiels ». Le coût de la mesure est estimé à 480 000 euros par an.

    #ségrégation #évacuation #guerre_aux_pauvres #Marseille #business #immobilier #habitat #censure


  • How Does A Successful Product Manager Think & Act ?
    https://hackernoon.com/how-does-a-successful-product-manager-think-act-e462d6023358?source=rss-

    How Does A Successful Product Manager Think & Act ?Any Product as an idea comes into existence and grows over the period of time, it is the product manager who ensure it is evolving, growing in right direction and is sustainable over a longer period of time.Product Manager’s Mindset : How They Think & Work:Have you ever imagined what goes inside product manager’s mind, how s/he thinks while s/he is preparing to take up the challenge of building a product among all the uncertainties and chaos.So let me help you decode the product manager mindset based on my past experiences as a product leader.1. They Start With Why ?The first and foremost priority of a product manager is to understand the why of the product .Why this product even exist? Without getting the answer for this question s/he (...)

    #product-management #business #technology #productivity #leadership


  • #CBP terminates controversial $297 million #Accenture contract amid continued staffing struggles

    #Customs_and_Border_Protection on Thursday ended its controversial $297 million hiring contract with Accenture, according to two senior DHS officials and an Accenture representative.
    As of December, when CBP terminated part of its contract, the company had only completed processing 58 applicants and only 22 had made it onto the payroll about a year after the company was hired.
    At the time, the 3,500 applicants that remained in the Accenture hiring pipeline were transferred to CBP’s own hiring center to complete the process.

    CBP cut ties with Accenture on processing applicants a few months ago, it retained some services, including marketing, advertising and applicant support.
    This week, the entire contract was terminated for “convenience,” government speak for agreeing to part ways without placing blame on Accenture.
    While government hiring is “slow and onerous, it’s also part of being in the government” and that’s “something we have to accept and deal with as we go forward,” said one of the officials.
    For its efforts, CBP paid Accenture around $19 million in start-up costs, and around $2 million for 58 people who got job offers, according to the officials.
    Over the last couple of months, CBP explored how to modify the contract, but ultimately decided to completely stop work and return any remaining funds to taxpayers.
    But it’s unclear how much money, if any, that will be.

    In addition, to the funds already paid to Accenture, CBP has around $39 million left to “settle and close the books” with the company, an amount which has yet to be determined.
    In November 2017, CBP awarded Accenture the contract to help meet the hiring demands of an executive order on border security that President Donald Trump signed during his first week in office. The administration directed CBP to hire an additional 7,500 agents and officers on top of its current hiring goals.
    “We were in a situation where we needed to try something new” and “break the cycle of going backwards,” said a DHS official about why the agency started the contract.

    Meanwhile, hiring remains difficult for the agency amid a surge of migrants at the southern border that is stretching CBP resources thin.
    It “continues to be a very challenging environment,” said one official about hiring efforts this year.

    In fact, one of the reasons that CBP didn’t need Accenture to process applicants, is because the agency didn’t receive as many applications as it initially planned for.
    The agency has been focused on beating attrition and has been able to recently “beat it by a modest amount,” said the official. “Ultimately we would like to beat it by a heck of a lot, but we’re not there yet.”

    https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/05/politics/cbp-terminate-hiring-contract-accenture/index.html
    #frontières #contrôles_frontaliers #USA #Ests-Unis #complexe_militaro-industriel #business