• Article 370: India strips disputed Kashmir of special status - BBC News


    India’s government has revoked part of the constitution that gives Indian-administered Kashmir special status, in an unprecedented move likely to spark unrest.

    Article 370 is sensitive because it is what guarantees significant autonomy for the Muslim-majority state.

    There has been a long-running insurgency on the Indian side.

    Nuclear powers India and Pakistan have fought two wars and a limited conflict over Kashmir since 1947.

    The BBC’s Geeta Pandey in Delhi says that for many Kashmiris, Article 370 was the main justification for being a part of India and by revoking it, the BJP has irrevocably changed Delhi’s relationship with the region.

    Pakistan condemned India’s decision to revoke the special status of its part of Kashmir as illegal, saying it would “exercise all possible options” to counter it.

    “India is playing a dangerous game which will have serious consequences for regional peace and stability,” said Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.

    #inde #cahemire #conflit #frontière

    • Gods, Guns, and Country
      July 30, 2019 Posted by Carol Schaeffer

      Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi (left) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at Olga Beach in Israel, June 7th, 2017. Photo: Kobi Gideon/GPO

      ON NOVEMBER 28TH, 2018, speaking to a roomful of India’s most highly regarded defense strategists, the chief of staff of the Indian Army, Bipin Rawat, urged his colleagues and his country to shed their concerns about collateral damage. Look at Israel, he said: “When you talk of strike drones, how does the Israeli strike the Hezbollah . . . ?” A vehicle is marked, a drone takes off, and boom: “God help you if you’re in the following vehicle—you’re also gone.”
      Less than 30 years ago, the very thought of a prominent Indian official openly admiring Israeli military policies toward Palestinians would have been an incredible scandal. But in a reversal of India’s official policy toward Israel for most of both country’s histories, relations have been quietly developing since the early 1990s and are now warmer than ever. Since Narendra Modi came to power five years ago as prime minister, India’s diplomatic policies have shifted dramatically in Israel’s favor, and away from India’s traditional alliance with the Palestinians.

      The partnership came to a public zenith when Modi became the first Indian prime minister to visit Israel, in July 2017. With frequent hugs, fond glances, and long walks on picturesque Israeli beaches, Modi and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu put on an effusive display of personal and political affection. The “bromance” attracted a storm of media attention, and to many commentators signaled a new era of Middle East/Asian politics.

      On the historic visit, Modi and Netanyahu signed new cooperative deals on water, space technology, and agriculture. But the biggest and most significant deals have centered on defense. As South Asia’s sole nuclear power for decades, India could mostly deter threats from aggressive neighbors. But since Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in 1998, Indian military responses to attacks have been extremely limited, for fear of aggravating the possibility of a nuclear war. This has made reconnaissance, surveillance, and precision weaponry increasingly appealing for India. Israel’s specialization in high-tech weaponry, from drones to guided missiles—battle-tested in Palestine—has made officials like Rawat both envious and supportive of Israeli tactics, transforming Israel into a desirable international partner.

      Israel has proven to be a reliable weapons supplier, unburdened by moral questions about India’s use of its arsenal. Over the last two decades, India has become Israel’s largest customer. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, from 2014 to 2018 India accounted for a whopping 46% of all Israeli weapons sales (not including small arms). In 2018, Reuters reported that India buys around one billion dollars in weapons from Israel every year. (...)

      An Indian army officer displays the Tavor-21, an Israeli-made rifle which is in use by Indian enforcers in Kashmir. Photo: Fayaz Kabli/Reuters
      #IsraelInde #cachemire

    • Il y a 6 mois, #Arundhati_Roy nous prévenait...

      How to Think About Empire
      Arundhati Roy, Boston Review, le 3 janvier 2019

      The BJP has announced its plans to carry out this exercise in West Bengal, too. If that were ever to happen, tens of millions of people would be uprooted. That could easily turn into yet another Partition. Or even, heaven forbid, another Rwanda. It doesn’t end there. In the Muslim-majority State of Jammu and Kashmir, on the other hand, the BJP has declared that it wants to abrogate Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which gives the state autonomous status and was the only condition under which it would accede to India in 1947. That means beginning a process of overwhelming the local population with Israeli-type settlements in the Kashmir Valley. Over the past thirty years, almost 70,000 people have died in Kashmir’s struggle for self-determination. Any move to eliminate Article 370 would be simply cataclysmic.

      It is interesting that countries that call themselves democracies— India, Israel, and the United States—are busy running military occupations. Kashmir is one of the deadliest and densest military occupations in the world. India transformed from colony to imperial power virtually overnight.

      #cachemire #israel

    • Le Premier ministre israélien Benyamin Netanyahou se rendra en septembre en Inde
      i24NEWS - 05 août 2019

      « Heureux #FriendshipDay2019 India ! », a écrit l’ambassade israélienne en Inde sur le réseau social. « Puisse notre amitié être toujours plus forte et notre partenariat pour la croissance atteindre de nouveaux sommets », a-t-elle ajouté.

      Ajoutée au message, une vidéo qui comprend de nombreuses photographies du Premier ministre Benyamin Netanyahou et de son homologue indien.

      Narendra Modi a répondu au message en écrivant en hébreu : « Merci. Je souhaite une bonne journée de l’amitié aux merveilleux citoyens d’Israël et à mon ami [Benyamin Netanyahou] ».

      « L’Inde et Israël ont prouvé leur amitié à travers les âges », a-t-il poursuivi. « Nos relations sont étroites et éternelles. Je souhaite que l’amitié de nos pays croisse et se développe davantage à l’avenir ».

      « Merci à mon ami, le Premier ministre indien @narendramodi », a répondu Netanyahou. « Je ne peux pas être plus d’accord avec toi. »

      « Le lien profond qui unit Israël et l’Inde est enraciné dans la solide amitié entre Israéliens et Indiens », a-t-il poursuivi. « Nous coopérons dans de nombreux domaines. Je sais que nos liens ne feront que se renforcer à l’avenir ! », a-t-il encore dit.