• La propriété privée au secours des forêts ? (ou les paradoxes des nouveaux communs sylvestres) | Calimaq

    A la fin du mois dernier, le philosophe Baptiste Morizot – auteur des ouvrages Les Diplomates et Sur la piste animale – a publié une intéressante tribune sur le site du journal Le Monde, intitulée « Si la propriété privée permet d’exploiter, pourquoi ne permettrait-elle pas de protéger ? ». On la retrouve en libre accès sur le site de l’association ASPAS (ASsociation pour la Protection des Animaux Sauvages), sous le titre « Raviver les flammes du vivant ». Ce texte avait pour but de soutenir le projet « Vercors Vie Sauvage » porté par l’ASPAS qui cherchait à rassembler 650 000 euros en financement participatif afin d’acquérir 500 hectares de forêt – formant auparavant un domaine privé de chasse – pour établir une « Réserve de vie sauvage », en libre évolution. Source : – – S.I.Lex (...)

  • Why You’ve Never Heard of a Charter as Important as the Magna Carta | naked capitalism

    It is scarcely surprising that the political Right want to ignore the Charter. It is about the economic rights of the property-less, limiting private property rights and rolling back the enclosure of land, returning vast expanses to the commons. It was remarkably subversive Sadly, whereas every school child is taught about the Magna Carta, few hear of the Charter.

    Yet for hundreds of years the Charter led the Magna Carta. It had to be read out in every church in England four times a year. It inspired struggles against enclosure and the plunder of the commons by the monarchy, aristocracy and emerging capitalist class, famously influencing the Diggers and Levellers in the 17th century, and protests against enclosure in the 18th and 19th.

    The Charter achieved a reversal, and forced the monarchy to recognise the right of free men and women to pursue their livelihoods in forests. The notion of forest was much broader than it is today, and included villages and areas with few trees, such as Dartmoor and Exmoor. The forest was where commoners lived and worked collaboratively.

    The Charter has 17 articles, which assert the eternal right of free men and women to work on their own volition in ways that would yield all elements of subsistence on the commons, including such basics as the right to pick fruit, the right to gather wood for buildings and other purposes, the right to dig and use clay for utensils and housing, the right to pasture animals, the right to fish, the right to take peat for fuel, the right to water, and even the right to take honey.

    The Charter should be regarded as one of the most radical in our history, since it asserted the right of commoners to obtain raw materials and the means of production, and gave specific meaning to the right to work.

    Over the centuries, the ethos of the Charter has been under constant attack. The Tudors were the most egregious, with Henry VIII confiscating ten million acres and disbursing them to favourites, the descendants of whom still possess hundreds of thousands of acres. The enclosure act of 1845 was another mass landgrab, mocking the pretensions of private property rights. Between 1760 and 1870, over 4,000 acts of Parliament, instituted by a landowning elite, confiscated seven million acres of commons. It is no exaggeration to say that the land ownership structure of Britain today is the result of organised theft.

    #Communs #Charte_des_forêts #Angleterre