• Zypern : Mister X stellt Korruptionsnetzwerk auf Zypern bloß (neues-deutschland.de)
    https://www.neues-deutschland.de/artikel/1143148.zypern-mister-x-stellt-korruptionsnetzwerk-auf-zypern-blos

    Depuis l’entrée de la Chypre dans l’UE l’état a vendu des passeports à plus ou moins 2800 personnes pour une somme à partir de 2,5 millions d’Euros. Cette pratique touche à sa fin. On pourrait s’imaginer que désormais pour échapper aux poursuites pénales dans leurs pays les riches farudeurs russes et chinois aussi devron traverser la mer Méditerrannée à la nage.

    14.10.2020 von Peter Steiniger - Jetzt aber schnell: Bereits zum 1. November will die Republik Zypern das Investitionsprogramm auf Eis legen, über das Geldanleger ab 2,5 Millionen Euro einen zyprischen Pass erhalten und sich somit die EU-Staatsbürgerschaft kaufen können. Die Entscheidung teilte Regierungssprecher Kyriakos Koushos am Dienstag nach einer Dringlichkeitssitzung des Kabinetts mit. Besonderer Beliebtheit erfreut sich das Programm seit Jahren bei der entsprechenden Klientel im Nahen Osten und in Russland. Insgesamt hat Zypern, das 2004 die EU-Mitgliedschaft erhielt, damit etwa sieben Milliarden Euro generiert. Die Abschaffung vorgeschlagen haben laut Koushos unter Verweis auf »langjährige Schwächen, Missbrauch und Ausnutzung der Bestimmungen« der Innen- und der Finanzminister.

    Ganz freiwillig erfolgt der Schritt nicht. Tags zuvor hatte der Sender Al Jazeera mit Sitz in Katar eine Reportage gebracht, die zeigt, wie Beamte und Politiker sich ihre Hilfe für kriminelle Bewerber um einen »goldenen« Pass bezahlen lassen. Inhaber des Passes eines Mitgliedsstaates haben das Recht, sich in der Europäischen Union niederzulassen und frei zu bewegen. Undercover täuschten die Journalisten vor, für einen aus China geflohenen Interessenten aufzutreten. Bei ihrem »Mister X« handelte es sich um einen angeblich wegen Bestechung und Geldwäsche im Reich der Mitte in Abwesenheit zu sieben Jahren Haft verurteilten Geschäftsmann. Neben dem offiziellen Weg, erfuhren sie, existiert in Zypern noch ein weiterer, für »komplizierte« Fälle, der eine Kleinigkeit mehr kostet. Wer das begehrte Dokument ganz schnell benötigt, wer keine weiße Weste hat, muss auf die 2,5 Millionen Euro nur genügend draufpacken. Laut Al Jazeera soll es Dutzende Inhaber zyprischer goldener Pässe mit krimineller Vita geben. Korrupte Immobilienvertreter, Anwälte und Politiker arbeiten als Netzwerk Hand in Hand. Die Spur führt bis weit nach oben: Zyperns Parlamentspräsident Demetris Syllouris versprach den Lockvögeln »volle Unterstützung auf allen Ebenen« für den dubiosen Chinesen. Nur sein Name müsse aus der Sache herausgehalten werden, so Sylouris.

    Für Vermögende findet sich nicht nur in Zypern eine Tür hinein in die »Festung Europa«. Etliche weitere EU-Länder haben dazu lukrative Geschäftsmodelle entwickelt. Diese sollen mit EU-Privilegien Investoren anlocken. Meist handelt es sich bei den geforderten Investitionen um den Kauf teurer Immobilien. Weniger Interesse gilt trotz bestehender Regeln der Herkunft der Gelder. Zypern steht seit langem im Verdacht, ein Anlageplatz für das Schwarzgeld russischer Oligarchen und chinesischer Geschäftsleute zu sein.

    Die Praxis, EU-Aufenthaltstitel zu verhökern, sorgt seit Jahren von Bulgarien bis Portugal immer wieder für Skandale. Man habe »ungläubig beobachtet, wie hochrangige Beamte für finanzielle Bereicherung mit der europäischen Staatsbürgerschaft handeln«, kommentierte ein Sprecher der Europäischen Kommission am Dienstag den Bericht von Al-Jazeera. Die EU-Kommission begrüßte die Entscheidung der Regierung in Nikosia. Der im Mittelpunkt des Skandals stehende Parlamentspräsident Syllouris will die Ermittlungen der Justiz nicht durch Gebrauch seiner Abgeordneten-Immunität erschweren. Zurücktreten will er allerdings auch nicht, teilte er am Mittwoch mit.

    #migration #nantis #Europe #Chypre #corruption

  • Overlapping crises in Lebanon fuel a new migration to Cyprus

    Driven by increasingly desperate economic circumstances and security concerns in the wake of last month’s Beirut port explosion, a growing number of people are boarding smugglers’ boats in Lebanon’s northern city of Tripoli bound for Cyprus, an EU member state around 160 kilometres away by sea.

    The uptick was thrown into sharp relief on 14 September when a boat packed with 37 people was found adrift off the coast of Lebanon and rescued by the marine task force of UNIFIL, a UN peacekeeping mission that has operated in the country since 1978. At least six people from the boat died, including two children, and six are missing at sea.

    Between the start of July and 14 September, at least 21 boats left Lebanon for Cyprus, according to statistics provided by the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR. This compares to 17 in the whole of 2019. The majority of this year’s trips have happened since 29 August.

    Overall, more than 52,000 asylum seekers and migrants have crossed the Mediterranean so far this year, and compared to Libya, Tunisia, and Turkey – where most of these boat journeys originate – departures from Lebanon are still low. But given the deteriorating situation in the county and the sudden increase in numbers, the attempted crossings represent a significant new trend.

    Fishermen at the harbour in the Tripoli suburb of Al Mina told The New Humanitarian that groups of would-be migrants have been leaving in recent weeks on fishing vessels to the small island of Rankin off the coast, under the pretense of going for a day’s swimming outing. They then wait on the island to be picked up and taken onward, normally to Cyprus.

    Lebanese politicians have periodically used the threat of a wave of refugees heading for Europe to coax more funds from international donors. Former foreign minister Gebran Bassil told French President Emmanuel Macron after the 4 August port explosion that “those whom we welcome generously, may take the escape route towards you in the event of the disintegration of Lebanon.”

    The vast majority of those trying to reach Cyprus – many hope to continue on to Germany or other countries in mainland Europe – have been Syrian refugees, whose situation in Lebanon was precarious long before its descent into full-on financial and political meltdown over the past year.

    Syrians are still the largest group, but as the coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated the multiple crises facing Lebanon – the country recorded a record 1,006 COVID-19 cases on 20 September, precipitating calls for a new lockdown – Lebanese residents of Tripoli told The New Humanitarian that an increasing number of Lebanese citizens are attempting, or considering, the sea route.

    “How many people are thinking about it? All of us, without exception,” Mohammed al-Jindi, a 32-year-old father of two who manages a mobile phone shop in Tripoli, said of people he knows in the city.

    The Lebanese lira, officially pegged to the dollar at a rate of about 1,500, has lost 80 percent of its value over the past year. Prices of many basic goods have skyrocketed, and more than half of the population is now estimated to be living in poverty. The port explosion – which destroyed some 15,000 metric tonnes of wheat and displaced as many as 300,000 families, at least temporarily – has compounded fears about worsening poverty and food insecurity.

    Adding to the uncertainty, it has been nearly a year since the outbreak of a protest movement calling for the ouster of Lebanon’s long-ruling political class, blamed for much of the country’s dysfunction, including the port explosion. The economic and political turbulence has led to fears about insecurity, wielded as a threat by some political parties. These fears were underscored by violent clashes in Beirut’s suburbs that left two dead at the end of August.

    “In desperate situations, whether in search of safety, protection, or basic survival, people will move, whatever the danger,” Mireille Girard, UNHCR representative in Lebanon, said in a statement following the 14 September incident. “Addressing the reasons of these desperate journeys and the swift collective rescue of people distressed at sea are key.”
    ‘It’s the only choice’

    Al-Jindi is planning to take the sea route himself and bring his family later. But so far he has been unable to scrape together the approximately $1,000 required by smugglers – the ones he has contacted insist on being paid in scarce US dollars, not Lebanese lira. The currency crisis means al-Jindi’s monthly salary of 900,000 Lebanese lira, previously worth $600, is now worth only around $120.

    The port explosion in Beirut added insecurity to al-Jindi’s list of worries. He lives in the neighbourhood of Bab al Tabbaneh – which has sporadically clashed for years with the adjacent neighborhood of Jabal Mohsen – and fears a return of the conflict.

    “I don’t want to let my children live the same experiences… the sound of explosions, the sound of shooting,” al-Jindi said. After the port explosion, he added, “1,000 percent, now I have a greater desire to leave.”

    Paying for a smuggler’s services is beyond the reach of many Lebanese. But members of the country’s shrinking middle class, frustrated with a lack of opportunities, are also contemplating the Mediterranean journey.

    “I don’t want to let my children live the same experiences… the sound of explosions, the sound of shooting.”

    Educated young people are more likely to apply for emigration through legal routes.

    According to Lebanese research firm Information International, about 66,800 Lebanese emigrated in 2019, an increase from the previous year. The firm also reported a 36 percent increase in departures from the Beirut airport after the explosion.

    But with COVID-19 travel restrictions and the general trend of tightening borders around the world, some Lebanese are also turning to the sea.

    Unable to find steady work since he graduated from university with a degree in IT two years ago, 22-year-old Mohammed Ahmad had applied for a visa to Canada, without success, before deciding to take his chances on the sea route. Before the port explosion, Ahmad had already struck a deal with a purported smuggler to take him to Cyprus and then Greece for 10 million Lebanese lira (the equivalent of around $1,200 at the black exchange market rate). The explosion has only strengthened his resolve.

    “Before, you could think, ‘Maybe the dollar will go down, maybe the situation will get better,’” said Ahmad. “Now, you can’t think that way. We know how the situation is.”

    Mustapha Masri, 21, a fourth-year accounting student at Lebanese University, said he hadn’t planned on leaving Lebanon, “but year after year the situation got worse.” Like Ahmad, Masri first tried emigrating legally, but without success.

    A few months ago, acquaintances referred him to a smuggler. He began selling his belongings to raise the funds for the trip, beginning with his laptop, which he traded for a cheaper one. Even his parents were willing to sell valuables to help him, Masri said.

    “In the beginning, they were against it, but after Australia and Germany denied me, they agreed,” Masri said. “It’s the only choice.”

    Increasing movement

    The past two months have shown a significant uptick in crossings.

    According to UNHCR statistics, in all of 2019, only eight boats from Lebanon arrived in Cyprus, seven were intercepted by Lebanese authorities before getting to the open sea, and two went missing at sea.

    In 2020, three boats are known to have left Lebanon for Cyprus in July, followed by 16 in the weeks between 29 August and 9 September, said UNHCR spokeswoman Lisa Abou Khaled. Eight of those boats were confirmed to have reached Cyprus and another two were reported to have arrived but could not be verified, she said. Another five were intercepted by Lebanese authorities and four were pushed back by Cypriot authorities before they reached the island and returned to Lebanon.

    “From our conversations with the individuals, we understand that the majority tried to leave Lebanon because of their dire socio-economic situation and struggle to survive, and that a couple of families left because of the impact of the blast,” Abou Khaled said.

    The pushbacks by Cypriot authorities have raised concerns among refugee rights advocates, who allege that Cyprus is violating the principle of non-refoulement, which states that refugees and asylum seekers should not be forcibly returned to a country where they might face persecution.

    Loizos Michael, spokesman for the Cypriot Ministry of Interior, said of the arriving migrants: “At this point we can only confirm the increase in boats arriving in Cyprus…The Cypriot government is in close cooperation with the Lebanese authorities and within this framework are trying to respond to the issue.”

    In 2002, Lebanon and Cyprus signed a bilateral agreement to cooperate in combating organised crime, including illegal immigration and human trafficking.

    Peter Stano, a spokesman for the European Union, said that the EU Commission takes allegations of pushbacks “very seriously”, adding, “It is essential… that fundamental rights, and EU law more broadly, is fully respected.”
    Worth the risk?

    The sea route to Cyprus is often deadly, as the 14 September incident underscored. To increase their earnings, smugglers pack small vessels beyond their capacity. More than 70 people have died or gone missing in 2020 on the Eastern Mediterranean sea route – which includes boats bound for Cyprus and Greece – up from 59 all of last year.

    Those who TNH spoke to who were contemplating the crossing said they were aware of the dangers but they still considered it worth the risk to attempt the journey.

    “I don’t believe all the talk that life there is like paradise.”

    “There are a lot of people who have gone and arrived, so I don’t want to think from the perspective that I might not arrive,” said Ahmad, the 22-year-old IT graduate. He was sanguine too about what he might find if he makes it to Europe. “I don’t believe all the talk that life there is like paradise and so on, but I’ll go and see,” he said.

    But the plans of both Ahmad and Masri hit a glitch.

    The two young men – who do not know each other – had been expecting to travel last month. Both had paid a percentage of the agreed-upon fee to the purported smuggler as a deposit, the equivalent of about $100. In both cases, soon after they paid, the smuggler disappeared. When they tried contacting him, they found his line had been disconnected.

    Still, they haven’t given up.

    “If I found someone else, I would go – 100 percent,” Masri said. “Anything is better than here.”

    https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news-feature/2020/09/21/Lebanon-Cyprus-Beirut-security-economy-migration

    #Chypre #Liban #migrations #asile #réfugiés #routes_migratoires #itinéraires_migratoires #migrants_libanais #réfugiés_libanais #Méditerranée #mer_Méditerranée

    ping @reka @karine4 @isskein

  • ’They should have let us die in the water’: desperate Lebanese migrants sent back by Cyprus

    For years, small boats have left northern Lebanon’s coast, packed with desperate migrants hoping to reach European shores. Until recently, they carried mostly Syrian and Palestinian refugees. But with Lebanon in freefall, its citizens have begun joining their ranks in larger numbers.

    Mohammad Ghandour never thought he’d be one of them. But he said Lebanon’s economic crisis, which has crashed the Lebanese pound and left him unable to feed his seven children, gave him no choice.

    “In Lebanon, we are being killed by poverty,” Ghandour told Reuters this week, from his mother’s cramped three-room apartment where he was staying with 12 other family members. He was back in Tripoli, one of Lebanon’s poorest cities, after being sent back by Cyprus.

    “This is worse than war … My children will either die on the streets or become criminals to survive.

    Ghandour, 37, is one of dozens of Lebanese who’ve attempted the journey since late August, when rights groups say a rise in the number of boats leaving Lebanon began. Exact figures are hard to come by, but the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has tracked 21 boats leaving Lebanon between July and Sept. 14. The previous year, there were 17 in total.

    The increase has worried Cypriot authorities, especially given the global pandemic. The island is the closest European Union member state to the Middle East and has seen a gradual rise in arrivals of undocumented migrants and refugees in the past two years, as other routes have become more difficult to cross.

    After 28 hours lost at sea, Ghandour said his boat, carrying his wife, children and other relatives, arrived on a beach near the seaside resort of Larnaca. He said his family was detained in a camp for several days, tested for Covid-19 and prevented from lodging a formal claim for asylum before being sent back to Lebanon.

    “I didn’t think they would send us back,” he said. “They should have just let us die in the water. It’s better than coming back here.”

    Cypriot authorities said about 230 Lebanese and Syrians were sent back to Lebanon by sea in early September. They had arrived in Cyprus on five boats during the previous weeks.

    “Following our government’s orders and after consultations between the two governments (Cyprus and Lebanon) we safely returned them on September 6, 7 and 8,” Stelios Papatheodorou, chief of the Cypriot police, told Reuters.

    He denied accusations that authorities had mistreated them and pushed back their boats.

    “We provided them with food and water and covered all their needs at our own expense,” Papatheodorou said.

    Lebanon’s General Security and Foreign Ministry did not respond to written requests for comment.

    ‘TREATED LIKE DOGS’

    Out of work for three years, Ghandour decided last month to pack up for good and try his luck in Cyprus. He left his apartment, sold his furniture, and had his older sons sell scrap metal to help buy a small boat and supplies for the perilous journey.

    Ghandour was one of four migrants interviewed by Reuters, who said they were swiftly sent back to Lebanon. According to UNHCR, the island has pushed back at least five boats, which carried Lebanese, Syrians, Palestinians and others.

    “You can’t just summarily send people back without considering their claims fully and fairly,” said Bill Frelick, the director of the refugee and migrant rights division at HRW, who has been monitoring the returns.

    Although Lebanon is not at war and economic hardship is not recognised as grounds for asylum, the multiple crises Lebanon is facing mean some of its nationals and residents could face serious threats, while others could qualify for refugee status on fear-of-persecution grounds, Frelick added.

    In interviews with Reuters, migrants said they told Cypriot authorities they feared violence and instability in Lebanon and did not want to return.

    In August a port blast killed nearly 200.

    Migrants also said they encountered aggressive tactics as they neared Cyprus. Chamseddine Kerdi said his boat, packed with 52 people, was encircled several times and ultimately damaged before being towed to shore by authorities.

    “My daughter begged me not to let them kill us,” Kerdi said.

    Ghandour was not expecting a hostile reception in Cyprus. He had previously tried looking for work in Germany, at the height of the migrant flows to Europe in 2015 and 2016, and said he was greeted with kindness. “This time, they treated us like dogs.”

    Despite this, both Ghandour and Kerdi are adamant they’ll set sail again soon.

    For others, however, their first journey would be their last.

    Mezhar Abdelhamid Mohammad’s son-in-law and nephew left Lebanon 11 days ago in a boat packed with about 50 men, women and children. Adrift for seven days, the boat was eventually rescued by UN peacekeepers off the coast of Lebanon, with only 36 people alive. But the two men weren’t on it.

    A survivor who returned to Lebanon told Mohammad that he had jumped in the water with Mohammad’s relatives to try and find help. They have not been found.

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-lebanon-crisis-migrants-cyprus/they-should-have-let-us-die-in-the-water-desperate-lebanese-migrants-sent-b

    #Chypre #push-backs #refoulement #refoulements #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_libanais #migrants_libanais #Liban

  • How a rush for Mediterranean gas threatens to push Greece and Turkey into war | World news | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/sep/11/mediterranean-gas-greece-turkey-dispute-nato

    An increasingly fractious standoff over access to gas reserves has transformed a dispute between Turkey and Greece that was once primarily over Cyprus into one that now ensnares Libya, Israel, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, and feeds into other political issues in the Mediterranean and has raised fears of a naval conflict between the two Nato allies in the Aegean Sea.

    #grèce #turquie #méditerranée #chypre #énergie #guerre_du_gaz

  • Le choc et la panique à la rescousse des traités pour fragiliser l’Etat
    https://www.investigaction.net/fr/le-choc-et-la-panique-a-la-rescousse-des-traites-pour-fragiliser-let

    Nos gouvernements vont-ils profiter du contexte de la crise pour passer des réformes impopulaires selon la stratégie du choc dévoilée par Naomi Klein ? C’est ce que redoute Carlos Perez. Auteur de L’Enfance sous pression et d’Au-delà du geste technique, il dénonce les atteintes à la démocratie qui pourraient ouvrir la voie à de nouvelles percées du néolibéralisme. (IGA)

     

    Comme le souligne Naomi Klein dans son essai « Stratégie du Choc : La montée d’un capitalisme du désastre », les États profitent et se servent de la crise et de la panique pour s’accorder des pouvoirs spéciaux et mettre en place des réglementations liberticides et par la même occasion affaiblir les services sociaux.

    La stratégie consiste à profiter du choc et de la désorientation pour faire passer des politiques impopulaires. En voici quelques exemples récents en pleine période de pandémie :

    1° En Belgique, le ministre-président flamand, Jan Jambon (N-VA), veut voir davantage de gens au travail, entre autres dans les secteurs de la construction et des titres-services où le mécanisme du chômage temporaire est, à ses yeux, parfois trop rapidement demandé, a-t-il indiqué mercredi 25 mars au parlement flamand1.
    On voit bien là un confinement de classes sociales à deux vitesses : déjà qu’ils n’ont pratiquement pas de matériel de protection pour sauver leur propre vie, les ouvriers n’ont pas les mêmes droits face à la pandémie.

    2° En France, le Sénat a voté, dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi (19-20 mars), la loi dite d’adaptation au coronavirus (la loi « urgence coronavirus ») à 252 voix pour, 2 contre, et 90 abstentions. « Ce texte, qui acte le report des élections municipales « au plus tard en juin », constitue une attaque importante contre les droits des travailleurs, tant sur le plan social que démocratique. (…)Macron et son gouvernement instrumentalisent ainsi la crise sanitaire, pour faire les cadeaux dont ils rêvaient au patronat ».2 Entré en vigueur en mars, l’état d’urgence était fixé pour une période de deux mois. Il a ensuite été prolongé jusqu’au 10 juillet.

    3° Les États-Unis, qui n’en sont plus à une folie près, envisagent « pourquoi pas » (puisque ce pays n’a pas forcément de sécurité sociale) ni plus ni moins que de laisser mourir les anciens dans cette période de Coronavirus qui va effectivement toucher un maximum de personnes âgées. « Sacrifier les personnes âgées pour sauver l’économie » ce sont les propos chocs du vice-gouverneur Républicain du Texas, Dan Patrick.
    De plus, ce même pays va utiliser la pandémie pour réduire les libertés individuelles et serrer la vis un cran de plus en annonçant que les personnes qui propagent le virus intentionnellement pourraient entrer dans le champ d’application des lois antiterroristes et être poursuivies au pénal, autant dire presque tout le monde se promenant dans la rue3.

    4° Pour couronner le tout, au Royaume-Uni, l’ancien Premier ministre britannique, Gordon Brown, appelle à la création d’un « gouvernement mondial » pour lutter contre la menace actuelle. Un groupe de travail international « veillerait à ce que les efforts des banques centrales soient coordonnés », selon M. Brown, qui souhaite que la Banque mondiale et le Fonds monétaire international reçoivent plus d’argent et de pouvoir.

    Sans une minute à perdre les banques sont d’ores et déjà à la manœuvre pour régler les problèmes, quelle ironie !4
Comme on le constate les idées et les projets pour détruire nos droits et nos services sociaux ne manquent pas, même en pleine période de chaos pas un moment de répit chez nos réformateurs libéraux pour placer leurs projets politiques.

    Les traités sont en place depuis pas mal de temps, il faut juste la bonne excuse pour les sortir du placard. Le but inavoué reste inchangé : passer toutes les lois liberticides et proposer des traités toxiques qui doivent déréguler l’État.

    Si nos gouvernements promettent de renforcer les soins de santé, ils assurent aussi qu’il faudra retrouver l’équilibre budgétaire après s’être massivement endetté, en bonne partie pour « rassurer les marchés ». Des milliards d’euros ont ainsi été déversés pour sauver une finance déjà en crise bien avant la pandémie. Le danger, bien réel, est de voir passer de nouvelles réformes et accords qui, une fois de plus, fragiliseront les plus faibles pour tenter de sauver un système qui profite aux plus riches. Nos gouvernements pourraient profiter de la crise pour passer en force des accords impopulaires, parfois négociés en catimini.

    On se souvient comment WikiLeaks avait débusqué l’Accord sur le Commerce des Services (ACS), connu sous son acronyme anglais TiSA (pour Trade in Services Agreement), concocté en douce en 2013 à l’initiative des États-Unis et de L’Australie.

    « TISA quatre lettres qui vont changer le monde ou qui font peur ? TISA serait l’accord fondateur du commerce mondial libéré des grandes contraintes des États d’une cinquantaine de pays, dont les États-Unis et l’Union européenne ».

    « C’est en 2013 que les négociations TISA ont vraiment commencé. Les négociateurs sont représentatifs de 70% du commerce mondial. Et le traité porte sur le lissage des règles communes, ouvrant ainsi les portes à un desserrement des liens qui entravent les entreprises en activités dans le secteur des services »5.

    C’est un marché mondial de 44.000 milliards de dollars, selon le département du Commerce américain. Les services représentent plus des trois quarts du produit intérieur brut (PIB) des pays développés (75% aux États-Unis et 78% dans l’Union européenne).

    Mais au plan du commerce international les exportations de services sont bien moins élevées que celles des marchandises et c’est peut-être là que le bât blesse. Il faut libéraliser cette caverne d’Ali Baba seul. Les services de l’État du ressort exclusif du régalien sont exclus de la négociation.

    Sinon tout est sur la table : services financiers, commerces de détail, transports maritimes et routiers, conseils, approvisionnements en énergie, santé, éducation, gestion de l’eau, etc. bref tous nos services sociaux sont susceptibles d’être privatisés et libéralisés. Voilà l’imposture qui peut nous tomber sur la tête si nous ne prenons pas le dessus très rapidement sur la peur du moment et repartons sur nos propres revendications chacun dans son secteur. Une doctrine de choc qui spécule sur les catastrophes et qui va encore approfondir les inégalités pourrait nous être imposée.

    Dans mon secteur d’activité, le sport, parent pauvre des services sociaux, cette stratégie de dérégulation est depuis bien longtemps en action par le truchement du partenariat public-privé (« PPP ») dans l’investissement de mégaprojets d’infrastructures. Une façon sournoise de socialiser les pertes tout en privatisant les bénéfices, ce sont des millions d’argent public qui sont détournés. 

    Si on veut penser à l’après-crise, chacun doit le faire dès maintenant dans chaque secteur et se poser les bonnes questions. Dans le domaine du sport, prendre réellement soin de la population est une urgence que tout le monde a bien comprise. À travers cette crise, qu’est-ce que cela signifie ? C’est à ce stade qu’intervient ma modeste contribution.

    Les solutions sont à portée de main et ne vont pas forcément dans le sens des grandes rencontres sportives de prestige qui devraient démarrer très vite et redonner des jeux et du pain à la plèbe pour masquer la tragédie et l’irresponsabilité de nos représentants politiques. 
Ce confinement nous a bien démontré à quel point le sport-compétition est futile et inutile et que l’éducation motrice sanitaire, la culture physique était le meilleur outil à notre disposition pour favoriser et surmonter les altérations physiques et psychologiques dues au confinement, en plus de permettre une meilleure adaptation et résilience individuelle et collective et donc un véritable outil de santé publique.

    Si on parle du sport comme outil de santé publique, il faut au contraire et inéluctablement dans ce secteur clé de la prévention s’orienter vers des revendications claires. Le sport n’est pas une marchandise, mais un droit, le droit au bien-être, aux soins et à la santé pour tous et accessible à tous : 

    1° Cela commence par une planification intégrée : mettre au service de la population et prioritairement de nos anciens et de nos jeunes une vraie prévention sanitaire. Cela semble véritablement nécessaire comme on l’a constaté dans cette dure épreuve de pandémie où le taux de morbidité critique a été une cause de l’inflation de personnes en danger de mort.

    Avec l’aide de tous les professionnels de la prévention, de l’hygiène et de la santé, médecins nutritionnistes spécialistes de la motricité, tous doivent collaborer c’est-à-dire dans les petits clubs et dans les petites structures qui s’occupent de plus de 90% des affiliés dans le sport et pas au service des clubs de première division qui ont des budgets cotés en bourse et qui représentent une infime minorité de personnes. La santé de tous doit passer avant l’argent de quelques-uns. 

    2° Il faudrait mutualiser toutes les ASBL qui représentent plus de 90% des affiliés et les organiser en coopératives en y développant pourquoi pas une véritable politique de masse salariale au lieu de la comprimer , ASBL qui bien souvent pour fonctionner ont du personnel bénévole précarisé et instable et où les gens doivent faire don de leur argent et de leur travail. Ce sont des milliers d’heures non rétribuées, en gros ce sont des sous-traitants de l’État paupérisés et marginalisés.

     
3° Même si la mesure peut paraître radicale sur la forme, sur le fond elle est essentielle et empreinte de justice sociale, les multinationales ne peuvent pas avoir la clé de notre santé : réquisitionner toutes les structures de grandes marques « Low Cost » disséminées à travers le pays et les mettre à la disposition du citoyen comme service public pour soutenir les populations dans les quartiers en y incorporant une véritable masse salariale c’est-à-dire des salariés compétents et au service de tous. 

    Généraliser la question d’utilité publique au sport qui est un outil d’émancipation, d’hygiène et de progrès social, est la seule démarche logique saine et indispensable, le constat est très clair et largement partagé. Ce secteur, en dehors de la compétition, du tri, de la sélection et de la relégation, est un outil essentiel pour renforcer la colonne vertébrale sanitaire, pour sortir de périodes difficiles voir d’émulation générale. Si l’utopie est le début de la transformation, alors soyons utopiques et préparons notre avenir, l’intelligence collective viendra toujours d’en bas !

    Fils d’immigrés espagnols ayant fui le franquisme pour travailler dans les mines de Belgique, Carlos Perez est préparateur physique. Il a notamment animé un centre sportif dans un quartier populaire de Molenbeek. Il y a été confronté à des problèmes récurrents qui l’ont amené à questionner l’impact de notre modèle économique et de notre système scolaire sur la santé des jeunes et des travailleurs. Dans son dernier ouvrage qui vient de paraître chez Aden http://www.aden.be/index.php , Carlos Perez lance les bases d’une nouvelle pratique, l’écomotricité, pour un développement durable de l’être humain.

    #néolibéralisme #capitalisme #capitalisme_du_désastre #Stratégie_du_Choc #Angleterre #Belgique #France #USA #ACS #TISA #PPP #Sport #pandémie #covid-19 #coronavirus #santé_publique #low_cost

    • Près de 2 députés européens sur 3 ne déclarent pas de rencontres avec des lobbyistes
      https://www.rtbf.be/info/monde/detail_rencontres-lobbyistes-et-deputes-europeens-le-lent-chemin-vers-la-transp

      Plus de 35.000 lobbyistes gravitent autour des institutions européennes, à Bruxelles : du représentant de Google à celui des producteurs de patates, des activistes pour les droits humains à l’industrie navale, de Greenpeace à Total, ils tentent de peser sur les décisions politiques de l’Union.

      Un travail discret mais intensif : à Bruxelles, les lobbys ont un budget cumulé de 1,5 milliard d’euros par an.

      Restent-ils dans les clous, pour influencer la fabrication des lois ?

      Un code de conduite encadre les contacts de ces lobbys avec les politiques et les fonctionnaires européens. Des règles qui ont été renforcées l’an dernier dans les institutions européennes, à la Commission et au Parlement. Les institutions sont-elles pour autant devenues transparentes ?

      Un rapport de l’ONG « Transparency International » (un lobby… sur le travail de lobbying) au sujet du Parlement européen montre qu’il reste du chemin à faire.

      63% des députés européens ne déclarent pas leurs rencontres
      Depuis un an, les députés européens sont invités à inscrire dans un registre informatique les réunions qu’ils tiennent avec des lobbyistes.

      C’est obligatoire pour les parlementaires qui sont en première ligne sur un dossier : ceux qui sont Président ou Rapporteur d’une Commission parlementaire (des rôles clefs dans la fabrication d’une loi européenne), ou ceux qui mènent le travail législatif sur un dossier pour un groupe politique.

      Les autres eurodéputés ne sont pas obligés de publier leurs réunions avec les lobbys, mais ils sont invités à le faire.

      Selon le comptage de « Transparency International », en un an, 259 députés européens ont fait le pas, sur les 704 : c’est 37% de l’hémicycle.

      63% des députés européens n’ont donc publié aucune de leurs rencontres.

      De grands écarts entre Etats…
      « Transparency International » constate de grands écarts selon les Etats de ces députés européens.

      Aux extrêmes, 90% des députés de Suède ont pris le pli de communiquer leurs contacts avec des groupes d’intérêts. Tandis qu’aucun député croate ou chypriote n’a déclaré de rencontre, en un an.

      « Les pays du nord, la Suède, le Danemark, la Finlande sont assez transparents » commente Raphaël Kergueno, pour Transparency International, « mais d’un autre côté, il y a des pays à la traîne ». Et il épingle l’Italie, l’Etat qui envoie le plus d’Eurodéputés au Parlement européen après l’Allemagne et la France : 76 élus. « En Italie, moins de 7% des députés européens publient des rencontres avec des lobbyistes. »

      La Belgique, pour sa part, affiche un bilan mitigé. Ni cancre, ni exemplaire.

      52% des eurodéputés belges publient leurs rencontres : Pascal Arimont (Christlich Soziale Partei), Marc Botenga (PTB), Geert Bourgeois (N-VA), Saskia Bricmont (Ecolo), Petra de Sutter (Groen), Cindy Franssen (CD&V), Philippe Lamberts (Ecolo), Kris Peeters (CD&V), Frédérique Ries (MR), Johan Van Overtveldt (N-VA) et Marc Tarabella (PS).

      Et les autres ? Ceux que nous avons pu joindre se disent tous « favorables » à l’exercice, tout en n’ayant pas encore publié de réunion. Certains rappellent, au détour de justifications souvent administratives, que ce n’est pas obligatoire.

      Marie Arena (PS) a rejoint le mouvement dans la foulée de ce rapport. Elle évoque « un enregistrement en interne mais pas sur le site du Parlement, à cause de contraintes logistiques. Un souci à présent corrigé ».

      Olivier Chastel (MR) explique qu’il a fait le choix de ne pas recevoir de représentants des lobbys : « Etant actif dans les commissions budget et de contrôle budgétaire, mes rencontres se font principalement avec les différentes instances de l’Union comme la Commission européenne ou la Cour des comptes, et ces rencontres ne doivent pas être indiquées », explique-t-il.

      Benoît Lutgen (cdH) dit compter aujourd’hui très peu de réunions « avec des lobbys en tant que tels », rien qui ne justifierait d’être publiés. Il assure qu’il en fera état lorsque ce sera le cas.

      Son de cloche semblable chez Assita Kanko (N-VA). Elle invoque le lent démarrage de la législature et le confinement, des débuts de mandat qui ne l’ont pas exposée aux rencontres avec des lobbyistes. Mais si de telles rencontres se présentaient à présent, « je déclarerai bien entendu tout entretien comme prévu » assure-t-elle.

      La Belgique, bientôt plus exemplaire que la Suède ?

      … et entre groupes politiques
      Des différences importantes sont perceptibles aussi entre groupes politiques du Parlement européen.

      Deux familles politiques comptent une majorité de députés actifs sur le registre de transparence, le groupe des verts (Green-EFA avec 91% des députés qui ont publié au moins une réunion) et le groupe des libéraux-centristes Renew Europe (57%).

      Dans tous les autres groupes, une minorité d’élus ont fait la démarche.

      Pourquoi ces réticences ?
      Elles peuvent être liées à plusieurs facteurs : une hésitation à investir du temps dans une démarche administrative qui n’est, la plupart du temps, pas légalement obligatoire. Une culture de la transparence encore faible dans certains Etats.

      Des eurodéputés estiment que c’est une atteinte à leur liberté d’élu, à leur droit de consulter qui ils veulent sans devoir en faire état. Ils peuvent également trouver difficile d’assumer publiquement certaines rencontres avec certains lobbys.

      Mettre cartes sur table
      Daniel Freund est un ancien de transparency International, à présent passé de l’autre côté : il est devenu parlementaire européen. Son cheval de bataille reste la transparence du travail politique européen. Il plaide pour une publication la plus large possible des rencontres avec les lobbys.

      Des rencontres qui, souligne-t-il, sont nécessaires pour un élu.

      « Rencontrer des lobbys, ça fait naturellement partie de la démocratie. Quand je prends une décision sur une certaine loi, comme député européen, il faut que j’aie parlé aux personnes concernées. Aux citoyens, aux entreprises concernées, aux organismes de protections des consommateurs, etc. Et si je fais bien mon travail, j’entends tous les arguments et puis je prends une décision en étant bien informé. »

      Mais ce processus doit être transparent, insiste-t-il, pour percevoir qui pèse sur les décisions de qui. « Je trouve qu’en dehors des périodes électorales, les citoyens ont le droit de savoir comment je vote et avec qui je parle. Et cela m’aide aussi à travailler » dit Daniel Freund. Parce que lister ses entrevues permet d’avoir à l’esprit qui on voit et qui on a tendance à ne pas écouter.

      Un chantier entamé, pas terminé
      Ceux qui regardent le verre à moitié plein souligneront que 37% des eurodéputés, c’est un bon début, d’autant que l’on partait de rien et que cette publication des contacts avec les lobbys n’est pas obligatoire pour la plupart des députés européens.

      Ceux qui regardent le verre à moitié vide relèveront que 63% des eurodéputés ne se livrent pas à un exercice pourtant peu contraignant puisqu’il ne s’agit que de mentionner le lobby, le sujet de discussion et le moment.

      Et ils épingleront d’autres améliorations à apporter.

      Au Parlement européen, « Transparency International » déplore un manque de contrôle des déclarations de députés qui sont contraints à l’exercice. Et une légèreté des sanctions pour ceux – lobbys ou élus — qui franchiraient la ligne rouge : acceptation de cadeaux, rencontres non-déclarées alors qu’elles auraient dû l’être, lobby qui aborderait des élus sans clarté sur son identité, etc. Aujourd’hui un lobby au comportement douteux risque, dans les faits, un retrait temporaire de son badge d’accès aux institutions, rien de plus.

      L’ONG demande que progresse le projet d’une autorité indépendante pour faire respecter les règles sur les rapports lobbys/UE. Une autorité dont l’action serait étendue aux trois institutions : le Parlement mais aussi la Commission européenne et le Conseil.

      #ue #union_européenne #Bruxelles #Députés #Députés_européens #Transparency_International #eurodéputés #Suéde #Croatie #Chypre #Suède, #Danemark, #Finlande #Italie #Allemagne #commission_européenne #conseil_européen #transparence #lobbying #lobby #influence #lobbies #corruption #politique #multinationales

  • COVID-19: Cyprus Starts Reopening Checkpoints Between Two Sides Of Island - Republicworld
    The crossings were shut after Cyprus started witnessing a surge in coronavirus cases, restricting the movement of people between the divided Mediterranean.

    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Frontièreintérieure#Quarantaine#Politique#migrant#migration

    https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/middle-east/covid-19-cyprus-starts-reopening-checkpoints-between-two-sides-of-isl

  • A Chypre, des centaines de migrants entassés dans un camp, dans l’attente de leur sort - Challenges
    Vivre dans un camp fermé et surpeuplé ou rentrer au pays ? A Chypre, plusieurs centaines de demandeurs d’asile ont été instantanément placés devant ce choix quasi impossible, en pleine pandémie de Covid-19. Et ils restent, à ce jour, dans l’attente d’un sort meilleur.

    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Confinement#Quarantaine#Politique#Encampement#migrant#migration

    https://www.challenges.fr/monde/a-chypre-des-centaines-de-migrants-entasses-dans-un-camp-dans-l-attente-d

  • A #Chypre, des centaines de migrants entassés dans un camp, dans l’attente de leur sort

    Vivre dans un camp fermé et surpeuplé ou rentrer au pays ? A Chypre, plusieurs centaines de demandeurs d’asile ont été instantanément placés devant ce choix quasi impossible, en pleine pandémie de Covid-19. Et ils restent, à ce jour, dans l’attente d’un sort meilleur.

    « Soit tu montes dans un bus (pour le camp) soit tu signes un papier disant que tu veux retourner dans ton pays », explique Ighodalo à l’AFP. Ce migrant nigérian, qui témoigne sous pseudonyme, fait partie des dizaines de demandeurs d’asile auparavant logés dans des hôtels-appartements à Aya Napa (sud-est) et transférés brusquement dans un camp de l’île par les autorités.

    « Nous n’avons même pas eu le temps de lire le papier », poursuit-il.

    Contacté par téléphone, Ighodalo est désormais bloqué dans le camp de #Pournara, à #Kokkinotrimithia, près de la capitale Nicosie. Constitué de #préfabriqués et de #tentes des #Nations_unies, entourés de barbelés, ce camp construit pour 200 personnes abrite actuellement environ 800 migrants.

    Pour justifier ce déplacement impromptu, Chypre explique ne plus être en mesure de payer les 19 millions d’euros par an de logements pour les migrants.

    Pour une population de moins d’un million d’habitants, « nous avons un nombre considérable de migrants, et 75 % ne sont pas des réfugiés », explique à l’AFP le ministre de l’Intérieur, Nikos Nouris, rencontré dans ses bureaux de Nicosie.

    Pour s’attaquer au plus haut taux de demandes d’asile par habitant d’Europe, M. Nouris dit vouloir à la fois accélérer les procédures d’admission et les rapatriements volontaires.

    – Gale -

    Séparée de la Turquie par un bras de mer de moins de 100 km de large, l’île méditerranéenne est entrée divisée dans l’UE en 2004. Seule reconnue par la communauté internationale, la République de Chypre contrôle les deux tiers sud. Au nord se trouve une autoproclamée République turque (RTCN), uniquement reconnue par Ankara.

    Ce territoire septentrional est une porte d’entrée pour les migrants, qui arrivent par bateaux puis entrent dans le sud via la « ligne verte », surveillée par l’#ONU et qui serpente l’île sur quelque 180 km.

    Cette zone tampon, qui compte une dizaine de points de passage, a vu le nombre de migrants augmenter régulièrement ces dernières années. Des Syriens - le pays en guerre est tout proche - mais aussi des Camerounais, Nigérians, Indiens, Pakistanais ou Bangladais.

    Les demandes d’asile sont ainsi passées de 2 253 en 2015 à 13 648 en 2019, indique le ministre chypriote."Nous voulons accueillir des réfugiés", enchaîne Nikos Nouris. « Mais nous ne pouvons plus accueillir, dans un tel nombre, tous les migrants économiques. »

    A ce jour, Ighodalo ne peut sortir du camp de Pournara. Car si Chypre lève progressivement les mesures de confinement liées à la lutte contre le coronavirus, les portes du centre restent fermées en raison d’apparition de cas de gale, selon le ministère chypriote de la Santé.

    – « Endroit horrible » -

    Pour Doros Polycarpou, du groupe de défense des droits des migrants Kisa, la décision de les détenir sans recours dans ce camp a constitué « une violation sérieuse » de la loi. Et, selon lui, Nicosie entendait faire passer un message : « Ne venez plus à Chypre ».

    En ce début d’été, une campagne multilingue d’envoi de SMS vient d’ailleurs d’être lancée par les autorités pour informer les migrants que Chypre, situé hors de l’espace Schengen, n’était pas un billet d’entrée pour le Vieux continent.

    Dépité, un autre demandeur d’asile nigérian, qui souhaite également conserver l’anonymat, dit lui avoir choisi l’option du rapatriement, en renonçant à sa demande d’asile.

    « On m’a mis dans le camp (de Pournara) quand je suis arrivé à Chypre », raconte-t-il. "Je ne veux pas y retourner. Jamais. C’est un endroit horrible.

    "Une autre ONG, Cyprus Refugee Council, dénonce aussi les « conditions très difficiles » dans le camp, « fermé, surpeuplé et sans information claire sur quand (les migrants) seront autorisés à partir ».Les autorités assurent travailler à l’installation de meilleurs équipements. Et, une fois l’épidémie de gale jugulée, Pournara pourra rouvrir, tout comme Kofinou, autre camp de migrants, avance M. Nouris.

    En attendant, le ministre souligne qu’aucun cas de Covid-19 n’a été enregistré parmi les migrants.

    Et si les rapatriements vers 17 pays considérés comme « sûrs » ont débuté, Nikos Nouris réitère son engagement d’une accélération de l’étude des demandes d’asile, à la faveur de personnels supplémentaires et d’une nouvelle loi.

    Mais « si une autre vague de migrants arrive », et « si la Turquie (...) continue d’envoyer des gens dans les zones occupées de Chypre » (le nord de l’île, ndlr), alors « nous allons connaitre un moment difficile », prévient le ministre, qui en appelle à une plus grande solidarité de l’UE.

    https://www.courrierinternational.com/depeche/chypre-des-centaines-de-migrants-entasses-dans-un-camp-dans-l
    #attente #asile #migrations #réfugiés #camps

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • Cyprus to launch #SMS campaign to stem migrant arrivals

    Cyprus is launching a multilingual SMS campaign to head off more migrant arrivals by dispelling the mistaken belief the European Union member country is a gateway to the continent, the Cypriot interior minister said Sunday.

    Nicos Nouris told the Associated Press the text-message blitz aims to counter “disinformation” propagated by people traffickers that securing asylum status in Cyprus will grant would-be migrants a “passport” to other EU countries.

    Nouris said arriving migrants are effectively “trapped” in Cyprus because the island nation isn’t part of the Schengen area — those 26 European nations that have abolished their borders and permit unrestricted travel between them.

    The minister said Cyprus, with a population of roughly 880,000, has “by a wide margin” the largest number of migrants relative to its population in the 27-member bloc.

    He said 3.8% of those living on Cyprus are asylum seekers, while that number is under 1% in other front-line EU states, like Greece, Italy, Spain and Malta.

    It’s estimated that 25-30% of all migrants currently in Cyprus are refugees fleeing conflict.

    According Asylum Service Statistics, Syrians filled the most asylum applications last year, followed by people from Georgia, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cameroon, Vietnam, Egypt, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.

    Nouris had previously said that most migrants arrive to ethnically divided Cyprus’ breakaway north and cross a United Nations-controlled buffer zone to seek asylum in the internationally recognized south.

    Meanwhile, Nouris said around 700 migrants will remain confined to a reception center on the outskirts of the capital Nicosia until a small scabies infestation there is completely eliminated.

    The minister said he expects confinement measures to be lifted “soon” after all those with scabies have been treated.

    The migrants were confined to the center since late March when the government enacted a strict, stay-at-home order to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. Those restrictions were lifted May 23, but the migrants weren’t allowed to leave the center.

    https://www.ekathimerini.com/253269/article/ekathimerini/news/cyprus-to-launch-sms-campaign-to-stem-migrant-arrivals

    #campagne #dissuasion #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Chypre

    –—

    Ajouté à la #métaliste de #campagnes de #dissuasion à l’#émigration :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/763551

  • Chypre : malgré le déconfinement, des migrants restent enfermés dans un camp surpeuplé
    https://observers.france24.com/fr/20200529-chypre-deconfinement-migrants-enfermes-camp-pournara

    Le camp de Pournara est géré par un entrepreneur privé pour le compte du ministère de l’Intérieur et du service chypriote de demande d’asile. Le directeur des affaires courantes du camp, Stefanos Spaneas, contacté par notre rédaction, répond aux différentes plaintes. En réponse à la pandémie de Covid-19, nous avons dû rapidement augmenter les capacités d’accueil et les infrastructures du camp. Nous n’étions pas prêts à accueillir toutes les personnes qui nous ont été amenées. Auparavant, nous avions environ 20 tentes, aujourd’hui, nous en avons un peu plus de 150. Nous avons aussi dû installer plus de toilettes, mais aussi des points d’accès d’eau et des douches. Nous continuons d’optimiser la situation sur le centre.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#camp#déconfinement#accès-santé#mesures-sanitaires#santé#déconfinement#vulnérabilité

  • Coronavirus: Migrant groups call for lifting of refusal of entry to migrants arriving by sea - Cyprus- Mail

    Migrant rights group Kisa along with a number of other, international groups have called on the government to terminate its policy of refusing entry to migrants arriving by sea, introduced as a measure to slow the spread of coronavirus.

    The migrant rights groups, in a joint statement, criticised both the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriot side for the way they handled a group of 175 refugees who were denied entry by the government in March.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#réfugiés#bateau#lybie#sante

    https://cyprus-mail.com/2020/05/21/coronavirus-migrant-groups-call-for-lifting-of-refusal-of-entry-to-migr

  • Des lieux pour apprendre et des espaces à vivre : l’#école et ses périphéries. Les dehors et les ailleurs

    Quelle approche géographique des #territoires_scolaires ? [Texte intégral]
    Exemple à partir de la cartographie des établissements du 2nd degré à #La_Réunion
    What geographical approach to school territories ? An example from the map of secondary schools on the island of Reunion
    Sylvain Genevois

    #Roms et #Voyageurs : quand les enjeux spatiaux s’invitent à l’école [Texte intégral]
    Roma and Travelers : when space challenges come to school
    Aurore Lecomte

    Les différences nationales de désignation et représentation des déplacements occasionnels des classes dans les pays d’Europe [Texte intégral]
    National differences in the designation and representation of the occasional displacing of classes in European countries
    Xavier Michel

    Images d’espaces / espaces en #images [Texte intégral]
    Étudiants, enseignants débutants, formateurs et espaces d’apprentissage
    Images of spaces / spaces in images. Students, newly qualified teachers, lecturers and learning spaces
    Jean-François Thémines et Anne-Laure Le Guern

    Les effets d’un espace d’apprentissage délocalisé : analyse d’un espace scénique [Texte intégral]
    The effects of a relocated learning space : analysis of a scenic space
    Claire de Saint Martin

    Étranges #stages à l’étranger. Quand le #Covid-19 reconfigure les #apprentissages « #Hors_les_murs » [Texte intégral]
    Strange internships abroad. When the Covid-19 reconfigures “Outside the walls” learning
    Dominique Chevalier

    Etudier et se rencontrer au sein d’une société divisée, perspectives de territoires d’apprentissage chypriotes [Texte intégral]
    Studying and meeting in a divided society : prospects for Cypriot learning territories
    Marie Pouillès-Garonzi
    #Chypre

    Ouvrir l’École sur son espace proche : enjeux de la #territorialisation de l’enseignement de la géographie dans le secondaire en #Nouvelle-Calédonie [Texte intégral]
    Opening up the School to its immediate surroundings : territorialisation challenges of geography teaching in secondary schools in New Caledonia
    Amandine Touitou, Isabelle Lefort et Séverine Ferrière

    Les trajets domicile-école des élèves de primaire peuvent-ils constituer un point de départ pour construire des apprentissages spatiaux ? [Texte intégral]
    Can the home to school journeys of primary school children constitute a starting point for building spatial learning ?
    Elsa Filâtre

    https://journals.openedition.org/geocarrefour/15007
    #revue #géographie

  • IOM Maintains COVID-19 Support for Vulnerable Migrant Communities in Cyprus - Cyprus | ReliefWeb
    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#protection#sante

    https://reliefweb.int/report/cyprus/iom-maintains-covid-19-support-vulnerable-migrant-communities-cyprus

    Nicosia – The number of COVID-19 case in Cyprus has dropped over the past three weeks (837 confirmed cases and 15 deaths overall) but the risk of infection persists among the most vulnerable communities on the island due to overcrowded living conditions, challenges in accessing basic services such as health, as well as communication barriers.

  • The government undermines legality and the rule of law under the pretext of coronavirus

    In a statement the Minister of Interior appears perturbed by NGO accusations for violations of the law, European legislation and human rights of refugees and migrants, claiming that, with the compulsory “quarantine” of hundreds of refugees in congested detention centres, his ministry “does whatever is possible for providing housing, food and healthcare”, even for “illegal” refugees! As to the lack of basic infrastructures for safeguarding human decency, his response is that «additional sanitary units are being installed and the electricity supply is being increased”.

    However, the Minister of Interior does not respond to the accusations either as to flagrant violations of the Refugee Law and European legislation that primarily prohibit their detention, or as to the contempt of all recommendations and calls by international and European agencies. The Council of Europe (CoE) for example with the CoE Tookit calls on the member states to deal with the pandemic “in a way that respects the fundamental values of democracy, rule of law and human rights”, while the Commissioner for Human Rights of the CoE calls on member states to release migrants and asylum seekers in detention centres “to the maximum extent possible”.

    The new migration policy of the Minister is focused on detention of asylum seekers and their concentration at “Reception” Centres for asylum seekers in Pournara and Kofinou. The two Centers have been turned to closed detention centres, under unacceptable, inhuman and humiliating living conditions, depriving them of basic human rights and putting their health to danger and therefore that of society at large, while at the same time suspending the asylum application examination procedures. There is already a nurse diagnosed with coronavirus at the Menoyia Detention Centre for Irregular Migrants and police officers serving there have been put in quarantine. However, no measures have been taken for the protection of the detained refugees and migrants and none of them have been tested for coronavirus, despite the fact that we have been informed of cases of detainees with some symptoms. Contrary to common sense and in violation of the decrees of the Minister of Health for the prohibition of even small group gatherings, the Minister of Interior ordered the transfer of detainees from Menoyia to Pournara, detaining them in the spaces where some 700 people are being held, without any testing and risking their health and public health in general.

    In addition, the Minister of Interior does not explain that, in view of the lack over the years of a housing policy for refugees and migrants, “housing” for the detained asylum seekers is a tent or other similar rough structure, while for a section of migrants, especially those without papers, “housing” is simply a bed next to 5 or 10 other beds in a room in terrible repair but which carries a very steep rent. The same also applies to «medical care”, in the framework of which asylum seekers are limited to general hospitals of the area prior to GESY (General Health System), unable to register with a personal doctor and all that this entails, especially in the present conditions of coronavirus. For the majority of migrants, even those regularly paying their contribution to GESY for over a year now, continue to be excluded from registering with the system, which results in their being referred to a non-existent personal doctor when they apply to emergency departments.

    Conceding that the above measures have been taken in the absence of coronavirus cases among asylum seekers, the Minister claims that their compulsory transfer and detention at Pournara and Kofinou «was deemed necessary … because it was found that they did not comply with the restrictive measures». Without substantiating his allegations, the Minister proceeds to stigmatisation and arbitrary punitive treatment (deprivation of liberty) of migrants and refugees.

    By the same token, it was also deemed «necessary», and «reasonable» as per a “Fileleftheros” journalist», to use violence, excessive according to eyewitnesses, by the Special Traffic Squad «Ζ» of the police during the recent arrest of two migrants for not complying with the restrictive measures. In the framework of the toxic climate against migrant and refugee communities, shaped by the policy of the government and the Minister of Interior, including the use of the army with common patrols in old Nicosia, Squad “Z” appears to concentrate its action in the old city of Nicosia, targeting its racist rage at migrants and refugees and exhausting the frustrations of at least some of its members for demonstrating power and authority, through the use of verbal and physical violence as in the above arrest. Occasionally, the police are “accompanied” in this “work” by some journalists, who completely “by chance” happen to be present in some cases by the police and who are all too ready not only to exonerate but to also promote police actions with relevant photographs and articles.

    KISA reiterates its position that the policies and actions of the Minister of Interior and the government, both in terms of mass detention and the arbitrary suspension of the asylum procedures during the pandemic as well as in relation to the unequal access to the right to healthcare, constitute blatant violations of the Refugee Law, European legislation and international human rights law but they are also extremely dangerous for the health of asylum seekers and public health in general.

    KISA states that it fully appreciates the necessity to comply with the restrictive measures and that the small section of citizens, including migrants and refugees that violates the measures must be dealt with equally as all other citizens. The racist treatment, violence and stigmatisation of all the migrant and refugee population as potentially not complying with the measures and, therefore, as dangerous for public health, amounts to flagrant violations of the fundamental principles of equality, rule of law and human rights, undermining and shattering our country’s democracy and civilization.

    KISA deems as positive the interventions of both the UNHCR and the Commissioner for Administration and Human Rights but these must not be limited to general positions of the type “a report will be prepared” but they should posit in no uncertain terms the need for immediate measures for restoring legality and the rule of law. Neither the visit in the form of a “tour” by the Minister nor the provision of “200 more tents” will lead to changing the Ministry’s unlawful policy and violations.

    KISA has proceeded to legal measures, including before the European Court of Human Rights, as well as a report against the Ministry’s measures. At the same time, it calls on other civil society organisations, independent authorities and the competent parliamentary committees for immediate and dynamic interventions so as to fully restore the government’s compliance with legality and the rule of law.

    https://kisa.org.cy/undermining-legality-and-the-rule-of-law-under-the-pretext-of-coronavirus
    #Chypre #asile #migrations #coronavirus #covid-19 #réfugiés #rétention #détention_administrative #Pournara #Kofinou #Menoyia

    Ajouté à la métaliste:
    https://seenthis.net/messages/835410

  • CoVid-19 dans les #pays_méditerranéens

    En collaboration avec les ingénieurs de la plateforme universitaire de données d’Aix-Marseille (PUD-AMU), l’Observatoire démographique vous propose ci-dessous des ressources #statistiques officielles concernant la situation de l’#épidémie. (Merci aux chercheurs qui nous ont fait des retours pour améliorer cette page : Hala Bayoumi, Eric Verdeil, Philippe Sierra).

    Pour chaque pays, nous donnons le lien vers la ou les sources officielles : #Albanie, #Algérie, #Bosnie-et-Herzégovine, #Bulgarie, #Chypre, #Croatie, #Egypte, #Espagne, #France, #Grèce, #Israël, #Italie, #Jordanie, #Kosovo, #Liban, #Libye, #Macédoine, #Malte, #Maroc, #Monténégro, #Palestine, #Portugal, #Serbie, #Slovénie, #Syrie, #Tunisie, #Turquie

    https://demomed.org/index.php/fr/ressources-en-ligne/coronavirus-situation
    #Méditerranée #comparaison #chiffres #graphiques #contamination #décès #coronavirus #visualisation

    ping @simplicissimus @reka

  • Chypre : Human Rights Watch appelle à la libération de 175 Syriens confinés dans »des appartements surpeuplés »- Diaspora en ligne
    Human Rights Watch a exhorté jeudi les autorités chypriotes-turques à libérer 175 migrants syriens qui ont été assignés à résidence dans des appartements surpeuplés, selon l’ONG, après le naufrage de leur embarcation le mois dernier.
    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Confinement#Quarantaine#Politique#Encampement#migrant#migration

    https://diasporaenligne.net/actualites-chypre-human-rights-watch-appelle-a-la-liberation-de-175

  • Turkish Cypriot Authorities: Release Detained Syrian Asylum Seekers-Human Rights Watch
    Turkish Cypriot authorities should immediately release 175 detained Syrian asylum seekers, and Greek Cypriot authorities should allow them to cross the line into their territory and process their asylum claims, Human Rights Watch said today.
    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Amnistie#Prisonniers#Politique#Demandeurs_asile#migrant#migration

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/16/turkish-cypriot-authorities-release-detained-syrian-asylum-seekers

  • Turkish Cypriot Authorities: Release Detained Syrian Asylum Seekers. Republic of Cyprus Should Process Their Claims

    Turkish Cypriot authorities should immediately release 175 detained Syrian asylum seekers, and Greek Cypriot authorities should allow them to cross the line into their territory and process their asylum claims, Human Rights Watch said today.

    On March 20, 2020, citing a #Covid-19 lockdown, Greek Cypriot authorities refused permission to dock to a boat carrying the asylum seekers, many of whom were trying to join family already settled in the Republic of Cyprus. The boat eventually navigated north, and Turkish Cypriot authorities rescued them from shallow waters when their vessel capsized. Turkish Cypriot authorities are now effectively detaining the asylum seekers and have indicated that they will transfer them to Turkey.

    “Turkish Cypriot authorities initially provided rescue and safety to the Syrian asylum seekers, but now appear to be holding them in indefinite detention,” said Nadia Hardman, refugee and migrant rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. “For their part, Greek Cypriot authorities should not ignore the claims for protection and family reunification that many of the asylum seekers have on its territory.”

    The 175 Syrian asylum seekers, most of whom fled Aleppo and Idlib, left Mersin in southern Turkey on a boat bound for Cyprus on March 20. They include 69 children, at least 7 of them unaccompanied. After the Greek Cypriot coast guard pushed them back, the overcrowded boat traveled north and overturned near the Northern Cyprus shore. No one was injured and the Turkish Cypriot authorities helped the Syrians reach land and gave them relief items.

    The authorities housed the asylum seekers in a sports hall for a few days, then moved them to an apartment complex for a 14-day quarantine period. That period ended in the first week of April, but the Turkish Cypriot authorities have maintained the Syrian asylum seekers under effective house arrest, confined to the apartments and under constant surveillance. The legal basis for their continued confinement is unclear, as under the law in Northern Cyprus, detention on migration grounds is authorized only for 8 days, extendable only by a court decision, which Human Rights Watch understands has not been sought in this case.

    As a matter of international law, the Republic of Cyprus refers to the entire island, but it is currently under the effective control of two states. The internationally recognized government of the Republic of Cyprus has effective control over the southern part – also referred to as Greek Cyprus. It is a European Union member. The self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) governs the northern part and is deemed to be under the effective control of Turkey, the only country that recognizes the entity of TRNC. Under international law, Turkey is treated as an occupying power and assumes responsibility for upholding human rights there.

    Human Rights Watch spoke with 2 of the asylum seekers, who described their conditions as cramped, with 15 to 21 people on average to a room. “They don’t let us outside,” one said. “We are not even allowed on the balcony. We spend all day in our rooms. We don’t know anything and don’t know what will happen to us.” Human Rights Watch understands that the asylum seekers have access to a nurse but have not been tested for Covid-19.

    The TRNC issued deportation orders from the territory to Turkey for all 175 asylum seekers. Human Rights Watch understands that Turkey has refused to accept the Syrians, citing Covid-19-related concerns.

    Turkey has repeatedly violated the prohibition on refoulement – the forcible return of refugees or asylum seekers to a country where they are liable to face persecution or serious violations of their rights, Human Rights Watch said. Since July 2019, Turkey has deported hundreds of Syrians, perhaps more. Any Syrians forcibly returned to Turkey face a risk of onward refoulement to Syria.

    Human Rights Watch spoke to three Syrian asylum seekers in the Republic of Cyprus who said that on previous attempts to reach Cyprus in the past year they had been interdicted by the Turkish coast guard and ultimately returned to Syria. In all cases, they were forced to sign voluntary repatriation forms, a practice that Human Rights Watch has documented.

    The asylum seekers trapped in northern Cyprus expressed frustration and said they were afraid of being returned to Syria. Three had tried to escape by jumping from the balcony of their apartment building but were caught, uninjured, and returned to their rooms. While Turkey has refused to accept them, Human Rights Watch is concerned that this position could change once the strict restrictions on freedom of movement because of Covid-19 loosen.

    The Turkish-controlled TRNC does not operate its own asylum system. The protections that Cyprus is required to provide to asylum seekers as an EU member are inaccessible for asylum seekers in the north. Instead, nongovernmental groups in Northern Cyprus are sometimes granted access to migrants who arrive there to find out if they have international protection needs. If the groups determine that they do, the authorities have tended to allow them to stay and granted them access to basic rights such as to health care, education, and work. Human Rights Watch understands that the groups have yet to be granted access to the 175 asylum seekers.

    The Republic of Cyprus is entitled to control its borders and manage crossings into the country but is bound by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights to respect the right to seek asylum. Failure to do so may also violate the nonrefoulement principle. Failure to assist a boat in distress could also be a breach of international law of the sea and EU obligations on search-and-rescue.

    Under international law, public health measures must be proportionate, nondiscriminatory, and based on available scientific evidence. Measures such as requiring a period of isolation or quarantine may be permitted, but the pandemic cannot justify blanket bans on allowing boats to land, which risk the rights to life and health of those on board.

    Turkish authorities, as well as the TRNC, are bound by the principle of nonrefoulement. They are also bound by international human rights law, including the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits arbitrary detention. While irregular migrants may be detained for limited periods, including pending lawful removal, if such removal is unable to be carried out imminently, they should be released.

    States should not detain children for immigration-related reasons and are obliged to provide appropriate care to unaccompanied children. On April 13, UNICEF said that all governments should impose a moratorium on detaining children and urgently release children where alternatives are possible, due to heightened risks of Covid-19 in detention.

    The Turkish Cypriot authorities should end the detention of the Syrian asylum seekers and ensure they are housed in accommodation where they are able to practice social distancing and proper hygiene and have access to adequate food, water, medical care, and legal assistance, Human Rights Watch said.

    “The Syrian asylum seekers are being held in cramped quarters, vulnerable to the spread of Covid-19, in constant fear they may be forcibly returned to the country they fled,” Hardman said. “Once released from detention, the Republic of Cyprus should promptly accept their claims for asylum and requests for family reunification and protect them from the risk of return to persecution or other serious violations in Syria.”

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/16/turkish-cypriot-authorities-release-detained-syrian-asylum-seekers
    #Chypre #réfugiés #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_syriens #Turquie #Chypre_du_Nord #frontières #coronavirus

    ping @thomas_lacroix

  • Cyprus pushes Syrian refugees back at sea due to #coronavirus

    About 200 Syrian refugees are stranded in northern Cyprus after a harrowing standoff with authorities on the sea.

    Nearly 200 Syrian asylum seekers are stranded in northern Cyprus after they were pushed back in the middle of the sea by authorities in the government-controlled south.

    Quarantined and under threat of deportation, they have become the latest victims of a multiplying border shutdown as countries grapple with the advance of coronavirus.

    On Friday, March 20, several Greek Cypriot patrol vessels approached a vastly overcrowded boat several miles of the coast of Cape Greco.

    A police translator with a megaphone informed the passengers in Arabic that they could not enter Cyprus and would have to turn back. The craft was holding 175 people including 69 children.

    According to authorities in northern Cyprus, all are Syrian.

    Al Jazeera spoke to three Syrians who were on board. Their names are being withheld to not invite reprisals by authorities.

    One mother in her twenties from Aleppo said: “It was very crowded, the waves were high and the boat was moving a lot. I held my children tight. The police said you cannot enter because of the coronavirus, we said we were joining our husbands and families and if you are scared about coronavirus you can put us in a camp alone or quarantine. But they refused and then the boats started to circle.”

    On March 15, Cyprus shut its borders to all except Cypriots, European workers and those with special permits for a period of two weeks.

    As of Sunday, the country had recorded 214 confirmed cases and six have died.

    In a statement given to Al Jazeera, Cypriot police spokesman Christos Andreou said: “The police acted on the ministerial decrees concerning the prohibition of entry ... to protect against the distribution of coronavirus. The police made it clear that they will not allow anyone including immigrants to enter in violation of these decrees.”

    A man from Idlib told Al Jazeera: "A bigger boat came after an hour with a cannon and weapons on top. They had personnel with guns on board who said, ’If you want water, food and fuel we will give it to you but entry to Cyprus is not allowed’.

    “We asked even for them just to take the women and children. They threw us a small bottle of diesel and drove behind us for an hour and we continued to the Turkish side. A storm came and waves started to hit the boat.”

    After a standoff of several hours the boat, that had begun its journey in Mersin in southern Turkey, turned around and eventually upturned near the shore of northern Cyprus.

    Local authorities rescued the passengers from the shoreline, and they are now being housed in apartments.

    The Mediterranean island has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north following a Greek-backed military coup by forces seeking to unify the country with Athens.

    Although Cyprus is an EU member, the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is recognised only by Turkey and the territories are separated by a 120-mile long UN-monitored buffer zone which cuts through the nation’s capital, Nicosia.

    Gulfem Verizoglu-Sevgili of the TRNC ministry of foreign affairs told Al Jazeera in a statement: “In the early hours of March 21, a rescue mission took place off the eastern coast of TRNC by the Karpaz Peninsula. The refugees were primarily taken to a sports hall where they underwent medical examinations and were provided with clothes and food. They have now been moved into flats.”

    The refugees received a warm reception by Turkish Cypriot authorities, but their fate is uncertain and local NGOs say they have been denied access to the apartments.

    A partial curfew is in place with movement largely restricted to essential businesses.

    Fezile Osum from Refugee Rights Association, an NGO based in northern Cyprus, told Al Jazeera: “The situation is complicated because the south closed their asylum system and here we don’t have one. Normally we would be able to conduct interviews but because of the curfew we are not allowed to do anything, and we don’t how they are being treated.”

    All crossing points that connect the Greek and Turkish Cypriot territories are currently closed.

    A man from Aleppo living in the Republic of Cyprus told Al Jazeera that his wife and children were among those stranded in the north. They are treated well, he said, but lack information.

    “Nobody is telling them anything. They should at least let us be together. If we knew about the border closures, they wouldn’t have come,” he said.

    UNHCR spokeswoman Emilia Strovolidou confirmed that deportation orders had been issued by the TRNC, but Turkey had refused the request.

    “Authorities in the north have placed them in 14-day quarantine in apartments and afterwards they will try again to deport them to Turkey.”

    Andrew Gardner, Amnesty International’s senior researcher on Turkey, told Al Jazeera he was concerned by cases of refoulement from Turkey to Syria.

    “Turkey has punished misdemeanour offences by arbitrarily sending people back to Syria, either those living there for a while or potentially those deported back from Northern Cyprus. There is definitely a problem with independent oversight of returns and people in detention.”

    Osum, of Refugee Rights Association, believes a dangerous precedent has been set.

    “I am afraid that Cyprus will continue to push back people and we will have more arrivals or even deaths in the sea.”
    ’Extremely saddened’

    UNHCR chief Filippo Grandi recently said that while everyday life for many has stopped, “war persecution have not.”

    He advised that screening and quarantine arrangements can be put in place “to enable authorities to manage the arrival of asylum seekers and refugees in a safe manner, while respecting international refugee protection standards designed to save lives.”

    Despite being relatively untouched during the height of Europe’s refugee crisis in 2015-2016, Cyprus is now the top recipient of first-time asylum seekers in the EU per capita registering 12,695 in 2019, the majority Syrian.

    Even pre-coronavirus the Cypriot government has taken an increasingly strident tone against irregular immigration, pr opagating the idea that refugees and migrants crossing over the porous buffer zone from north to south have been encouraged or sent by Ankara as an orchestrated attempt to alter the country’s demographics.

    Aside from the pandemic, the Cypriot asylum system may prompt yet more treacherous boat journeys.

    Corina Drousiotou from the Cyprus Refugee Council told Al Jazeera that almost all Syrians in Cyprus receive subsidiary protection status, which does not allow them to bring over family members legally.

    “We are extremely saddened by the pushback as until now the Cypriot authorities had taken every step to ensure refugees arriving on boats were able to reach our shores safely. We are contacted every day by devastated fathers desperate to be reunited with their families.”

    The woman from Aleppo who was on board the boat, said: “We didn’t go to Cyprus as tourists. We went to become refugees there.”

    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/cyprus-pushes-syrian-refugees-sea-due-coronavirus-200330091614066.html
    #refoulement #refoulements #Chypre #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_syriens

    ping @thomas_lacroix

    • Syrian refugees in Cyprus pushed back to Turkey

      On 15 May 2020, the administration of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) forcibly sent 100 Syrian refugees, including unaccompanied children, to Mersin, Turkey. They have been transferred to Kilis, near the Syrian border, where they are now. Most of the 100 Syrian refugees – 56 – are children and women and girls are in the majority.

      On 24 April 2020, the TRNC had already forcibly sent 75 Syrian refugees, including unaccompanied children, to Mersin, Turkey, from where they have been reportedly moved to a camp in the province of Kahramanmaraş. All 175 Syrian refugees have expressed their intent to apply for asylum and find protection in an EU member state. Syrians forcibly returned to Turkey face a risk of onward refoulement to Syria.

      This group of 175 refugees arrived by boat on 20 March and were pushed back to the sea by the coastguard of the republic of Cyprus as the boat was approaching the southern part of the island, which is under the jurisdiction and control of the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Many of these refugees were trying to join their families already settled in the Republic of Cyprus, which is a member of the European Union. The boat went north, capsized and the refugees were rescued by the “Turkish Cypriot administration” which has effective control over the northern part of the island. The refugees were housed in an apartment complex for a 14-day quarantine period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the end of the quarantine period, they continued to be detained – this time arbitrarily, in violation of the law of the “Turkish Cypriot administration” which authorises the detention of irregular migrants for eight days extendable only by a court order.

      We, the undersigned organisations condemn the push-back of the vessel from Cypriot waters by the government of Cyprus, which amounts to refoulement in violation of the prohibition of non-refoulement set out under the 1951 Geneva Convention and EU law on asylum, and infringes Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights

      We, the undersigned organisations also condemn the return of 175 refugees to Turkey and the arbitrary detention of these persons by the “Turkish Cypriot administration”. These acts also violate the 1951 Refugee Convention and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The detention of minors additionally violates the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in particular Articles 9, 10, 22 and 37 on detention of children, the right to reunification with members of the family and the right of every child to be with both parents. States are obliged to provide appropriate care to unaccompanied children. On April 13, UNICEF said that all governments should impose a moratorium on detaining children and urgently release children where alternatives are possible, due to heightened risks of Covid-19 in detention.

      Recommendations

      We call on the “Turkish Cypriot administration” and Turkey to:

      Respect the principle of non-refoulement and international human rights law, including the European Convention on Human Rights, by stopping the forced return of refugees and asylum seekers to Turkey and/or Syria;

      We call on the government of the Republic of Cyprus to:

      Abide by EU and international obligations to respect the right to seek asylum and the principle of non-refoulement, and provide assistance to boats in distress at sea by carrying out search and rescue operations;
      Cooperate with the UN and the “Turkish Cypriot administration” with a view to allowing the asylum seekers access to territory under control of the government of the Republic of Cyprus to apply for asylum and reunify with their families;
      Terminate the suspension of access to asylum by those arriving by sea to the territory of the Republic of Cyprus in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

      https://euromedrights.org/publication/syrian-refugees-in-cyprus-pushed-back-to-turkey

  • La galassia offshore dei trader ticinesi. Il caso Duferco

    La catena societaria del gruppo Duferco, la più importante azienda di commercio di materie prime di Lugano di Federico Franchini

    È considerato il più importante commerciante d’acciaio del mondo e l’unica multinazionale con sede in Ticino. È la Duferco di Lugano, capostipite e fiore all’occhiello della piazza di trading del Ceresio. Nonostante la sua importanza di lei si sa poco o nulla. Chi la controlla? Quali sono i suoi utili? Attraverso documenti ufficiali area ha ricostruito la sua struttura societaria. Quello che emerge è una galassia complessa che si dirama in diversi paradisi fiscali.

    Rue Guillaume Schneider 6, Lussemburgo. Per ricostruire la catena societaria di Duferco occorre partire da qui. Se il Ticino è il centro operativo delle diverse società legate a questo gruppo, il cuore societario è nel Granducato. È qui, dove si sono trasferite da Guernsey nel 2010, che hanno sede le case madri di quelle che di fatto sono le due Duferco: la Duferco Participations Holding (Dph), legata alla storica proprietà italiana, e la Duferco International Trading Holding (Dith), oggi in mani cinesi. Queste due holding, benché legate tra loro da vincoli storici e di proprietà, vanno considerate come due multinazionali a sé.

    La Duferco del Dragone
    È il 2014 quando il colosso pubblico cinese Hesteel Group acquisisce la maggioranza della Duferco di #Lugano. In realtà, il controllo arriva a monte: Hesteel, tramite una controllata di Singapore, acquisisce la maggioranza della Dith, la società madre delle attività di trading. L’alleanza è tra titani: il secondo produttore d’acciaio del mondo si unisce al principale commerciante di prodotti siderurgici del pianeta. Gli ormai ex azionisti di maggioranza, il fondatore #BrunoBolfo e suo nipote #AntonioGozzi perdono il controllo sulla Dith, ma attraverso l’altra #Duferco, la Dph, mantengono un’importante quota di minoranza nella holding che ora detiene i diritti esclusivi per vendere l’acciaio cinese.

    Dopo Hesteel (61%) e Dph (27%), il terzo azionista di Dith è la Big Brown Dog Holding (12%) di Hong Kong, controllata dal Ceo Matthew De Morgan e nella quale, fino a poco fa, mantenevano qualche briciola gli ucraini dell’Unione Industriale del Donbass (Isd). Prima dell’arrivo di Hesteel, infatti, Bolfo & Co. avevano stretto un accordo strategico con l’Isd che, tramite la cipriota Steelhold, aveva acquisito quote di minoranza della Dith. Oggi, gli oligarchi dell’est sono ormai usciti di scena lasciando spazio ai nuovi padroni dell’acciaio, i dragoni cinesi della provincia di Hebei.

    Il gruppo ha mantenuto la sede operativa in Ticino, dove sono attive sette società tra cui la capostipite della piazza luganese: la Duferco Sa. La Dith è attiva soprattutto nel commercio di acciaio (ma non solo) e dispone di alcune unità produttive come una fabbrica in Macedonia, controllata tramite filiali a Cipro e nel Liechtenstein. La diminuzione della domanda di acciaio cinese e la crisi dei dazi sta pesando sulle performance del gruppo: dopo essere diminuiti del 20% nel 2018, gli utili di Dith sono scesi di un altro 57% nel 2019, issandosi a 26 milioni di dollari.

    Dxt: il gigante sconosciuto
    Ogni anno, Handelszeitung pubblica la lista delle più importanti società elvetiche per cifra d’affari. Nel 2019, per arrivare al Ticino occorreva scendere alla 32esima posizione: qui si trova la Dxt Commodities. Poco nota al grande pubblico, questa azienda è specializzata nel trading d’idrocarburi ed energia elettrica. Dxt è stata fondata nel 1999 dai top manager di Duferco, in collaborazione con alcuni fiduciari di Lugano. Gli stessi, per intenderci, che hanno ideato la tanto discussa ingegneria fiscale della Gucci. Anche per il trading l’asse è sempre quello: Lugano-Lussemburgo. La Dxt è controllata al 95% dalla Dxt International, sede nel Granducato. Una società che ha realizzato 26 milioni di euro di utili nel 2018, grazie soprattutto alla controllata ticinese. La Dxt International è detenuta al 50% da due altre società: la Spelugues Investments, basata nel Delaware e posseduta dal Ceo Benedict Sciortino; e la Dph, la Duferco “italiana”. Oltre alla Dxt, quest’ultima detiene in Ticino, sempre per il tramite di una lussemburghese, anche la metà del gruppo di commercio marittimo Nova Marine.

    Scatole cinesi
    Ma chi controlla la Dph? Il primo scalino a ritroso porta alla Btb Investments, una società che la detiene al 100%. A questo punto l’organigramma si biforca in due rami. Uno va verso altre due entità – la Ultima Holding a sua volta controllata dalla Lagrev Investments – che sembrano portare al manager Antonio Gozzi. L’altro ramo, leggermente maggioritario, conduce alla Bb Holding Investments che, come le altre lussemburghesi citate, ha sede al numero 6 di Rue Guillaume Schneider. La Bb Holding fa capo al vecchio patron, quel Bruno Bolfo che, ancora una volta, sembra avere azzeccato tutte le sue mosse: nel 2019, l’utile netto della sua holding è aumentato del 66% raggiungendo gli 85 milioni di dollari. La Duferco italiana, insomma, sembra rendere di più rispetto a quella cinese. Per mettere al sicuro il suo tesoro milionario, però, Bruno Bolfo ha pensato a uno scalino in più: la Bb Holding è infatti detenuta al 100% da La Sesta Trust, un fondo fiduciario basato nel Liechtenstein. Ultima fermata di una galassia decisamente offshore.

    Mister acciaio e gli amici luganesi

    È l’11 agosto del 1982 quando, presso lo studio del notaio Filippo Solari di Lugano, viene costituita la Duferco Sa. Il gruppo era stato creato qualche anno prima in Brasile dal ligure Bruno Bolfo, un manager con esperienze nell’acciaio in Italia, Stati Uniti e Sudamerica.

    In Ticino, al momento della creazione della Duferco, Bolfo non c’è. A comparire di fronte al notaio sono due figure note del sottobosco finanziario e societario luganese: Elio Borradori, padre dell’attuale sindaco Marco, che diventerà noto per essere stato l’amministratore dei dittatori Saddam Hussein e Ferdinando Marcos, e il suo socio Josef Kraft. Al momento della sua creazione, la maggioranza delle azioni della Duferco saranno detenute da una sconosciuta società del Liechtenstein, la Forward Investment, amministrata dallo stesso Kraft.

    Quando, un anno dopo, viene creata in Lussemburgo la prima Duferco Holding, lo schema si ripete: il controllo è affidato alla Laconfida di Vaduz, la società figlia dello studio legale Borradori e da cui sono transitati molti dei segreti finanziari, più o meno occulti, legati al sottobosco fiduciario luganese. Nel 1990, quando la Duferco decide d’insediare la sua casa madre a Guernsey, la Duferco Holding viene liquidata nel Granducato. Ad occuparsi della liquidazione sono Josef Kraft e Jean-Louis Hurst, suo successore a Laconfida ed ex dirigente del gruppo Ocra, la struttura creata da Tito Tettamanti per la gestione della contabilità parallela dei potentati di mezzo mondo. Hurst entrerà di lì a poco anche nella Duferco di Lugano, nel frattempo diventata sede operativa di quello che si sta profilando come il più grande commerciante di acciaio del pianeta.

    Una società che negli anni ’90 si lancia alla conquista del selvaggio Est in preda al caos delle privatizzazioni del settore siderurgico. In quegli anni, oltre a stringere alleanze con gli oligarchi russi e ucraini, Duferco consolida la propria struttura societaria in Ticino. Per farlo, Bruno Bolfo fa affidamento ad un gruppo di rampanti fiduciari ed esperti fiscali. Nel 1996, infatti, nel Cda di Duferco c’entrano Donato Cortesi e Adelio Lardi, gli ideatori dell’ingegneria fiscale dei giganti della moda che in quegli anni inizieranno a insediarsi in Ticino.

    Nel 1999, Lardi e Cortesi, assieme al già citato Hurst e ai top manager di Duferco, si faranno promotori della nascita di Dufenergy, la società che diventerà Dxt Commodities. Un nome poco noto, ma che oggi è la più importante azienda ticinese per cifra d’affari. Una società che, come abbiamo visto nell’articolo sopra, è controllata di fatto al 50% da una società del Delaware, al 25% da una lussemburghese e al 25% da un trust del Lichtenstein, cassaforte dei tesori di Bruno Bolfo. Insomma, dall’inizio alla fine, i segreti di Duferco portano sempre a Vaduz.

    https://www.areaonline.ch/La-galassia-offshore-dei-trader-ticinesi-Il-caso-Duferco-08bb2900


    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ETx22_HWoAAI-TT?format=jpg&name=large

    #matière_première #offshore #acier @cdb_77 #suisse #tessin

  • Forages illégaux à Chypre : l’Union européenne va-t-elle sanctionner la Turquie ?
    https://www.latribune.fr/economie/international/forages-illegaux-a-chypre-l-union-europeenne-va-t-elle-sanctionner-la-turq

    L’Union européenne a mis en garde la Turquie contre tout forage illégal d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale, notamment dans les eaux de Chypre.

    L’Union européenne a mis en garde la Turquie contre tout forage illégal d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale, notamment dans les eaux de Chypre, avant l’ouverture de la conférence internationale de Berlin pour tenter de pacifier la Libye. Le ministère turc des Affaires étrangères a pourtant annoncé dimanche l’arrivée d’un bateau, le Yavuz, au sud de l’île pour y mener des activités de forage. "Tous les membres de la communauté internationale doivent s’abstenir de toute action susceptible de porter atteinte à la stabilité et à la sécurité régionales", a rappelé le porte-parole du chef de la diplomatie européenne Josep Borrell dans un communiqué diffusé samedi. « L’intention de la Turquie de lancer de nouvelles activités d’exploration et de forage dans l’ensemble de la région va malheureusement dans le sens opposé », a-t-il déploré.

    L’UE s’est mise en mesure de prendre des sanctions ciblées contre « les personnes ou les entités qui sont responsables d’activités de forage non autorisées d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale ou qui sont impliquées dans ces activités ». Une liste est en préparation et pourrait être discutée au cours de la réunion des ministres des Affaires étrangères de l’UE lundi à Bruxelles. Les sanctions consisteront en une interdiction de pénétrer sur le territoire de l’UE et un gel des avoirs. De plus, il sera interdit de prêter des fonds aux personnes et aux entités inscrites sur la liste. De son côté, Chypre a accusé dimanche la Turquie de « se transformer en Etat pirate en Méditerranée orientale », selon un communiqué de la présidence. « La Turquie persiste en suivant la voie de l’illégalité (au regard du droit) internationale », selon le texte.

    Le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan, qui participe à la conférence de Berlin, a rejeté les « ultimatums » de l’Union européenne. Il a rappelé que la Turquie abritait quelque quatre millions de réfugiés, en majorité syriens, et qu’elle pourrait leur ouvrir les portes vers l’Europe. L’implication turque dans le conflit en Libye est dictée par des facteurs géopolitiques et par des motivations d’ordre économique. Ainsi, des gisements d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale aiguisent l’appétit de la Turquie mais aussi celui d’autres pays riverains comme la Grèce, l’Egypte, Chypre et Israël.

    • İsrail’e Yavuz’la mesaj
      https://www.yenisafak.com/gundem/israile-yavuzla-mesaj-3522446


      Bölge ile ilgili harita
      (carte de la région)

      Doğu Akdeniz’de, Yunanistan ve Mısır’la birlikte hareket eden İsrail’e, Türkiye’den Kıbrıs’ın güneyinde net mesaj geldi. Kıbrıs adası çevresinde arama ve sondaj faaliyetlerine devam eden Türkiye, Yavuz sondaj gemisinin Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına gönderdi. Konuya ilişkin Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy, “Yavuz sondaj gemimiz, geçtiğimiz cuma günü KKTC hükümetinin 2011 yılında Türkiye Petrolleri’ne verdiği ruhsatlar çerçevesinde, üçüncü sondaj faaliyetini gerçekleştirmek üzere Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına intikal etmiştir” dedi. İntikalin, Yunanistan, Güney Kıbrıs ve İsrail arasında 2 Ocak’ta imzalanan EastMed Boru Hattı projesinden ve Kahire’de toplanan Doğu Akdeniz Gaz Forumu kuruluş bildirgesinin imzalanmasından hemen sonra gelmesi dikkat çekti. Her iki inisiyatifin başını da İsrail’in çektiği biliniyor. Yavuz hamlesi, Türkiye’nin İsrail’e karşı kararlılık gösterisi olarak değerlendirildi.

      KKTC RUHSAT SAHASI
      Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Aksoy Yavuz’un ‘G” ruhsat sahasına intikale ilişkin, “Yavuz sondaj gemimiz, geçtiğimiz cuma günü KKTC hükümetinin 2011 yılında Türkiye Petrolleri’ne verdiği ruhsatlar çerçevesinde, üçüncü sondaj faaliyetini gerçekleştirmek üzere Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına intikal etmiştir. Bu sahada Ada’nın ortak sahibi olarak Kıbrıs Türklerinin de en az Kıbrıs Rumları kadar hakları vardır. Burada petrol ve doğal gaz bulunması halinde iki taraf da gelirleri birlikte paylaşacaktır” ifadelerini kullandı.

      LAF OLSUN DİYE VERMEDİK
      KKTC Başbakan Yardımcısı ve Dışişleri Bakanı Kudret Özersay, Yavuz’un ‘G’ bölgesine intikaline ilişkin KKTC’nin Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortaklığı’na (TPAO) verdiği tüm lisans alanlarında kazı yapılacağını belirterek “Bu lisansları laf olsun diye vermedik.” dedi. KKTC’nin bu adımı atacağını aylar öncesinden duyurduğunu anımsatan Özersay, Doğu Akdeniz’de en erken zamanda doğal gaz konusunda ilgili bütün tarafların iş birliği yapmasının kaçınılmaz olduğunu söyledi.

      LEVİATHAN VE TAMAR’A SINIR KOMŞUSU
      Yavuz sondaj gemisinin intikal ettiği ‘G’ bölgesi, Kıbrıs adasının güneydoğusunda bulunuyor ve İsrail’in Doğu Akdeniz’deki iki önemli doğal gaz sahası, Leviathan ve Tamar’ın bulunduğu deniz alanına sınırdaş konumda yer alıyor. Yavuz’un bölgeye gönderilmesi, Türkiye’yi, 2020 yılı askeri istihbarat raporunda “tehdit” listesine alan ve EastMed boru hattı projesinde ısrarcı olan İsrail yönetimine bir cevap niteliği taşıyor.

      KORSAN GEMİ KOVALANDI
      Aralık ayında İsrail’in Kanal 13 adlı televizyonu haberinde Türk donanmasının Doğu Akdeniz’de, Kıbrıs adası açıklarında korsan arama çalışması yapmak isteyen bir İsrail gemisini engellediğini belirtmişti. Kanal 13 muhabiri Barak Ravid Twitter hesabından paylaştığı mesajda, iki hafta önce ortak bir proje üzerinde çalışan İsrailli ve Güney Kıbrıslı araştırmacıları taşıyan İsrail’e ait “Bat Galim” isimli araştırma gemisinin, Türk Deniz Kuvvetlerine ait bir gemi tarafından Doğu Akdeniz’den çıkarıldığını öne sürmüş ve adını açıklamadığı İsrailli bir yetkiliye dayandırdığı mesajında, Türk Deniz Kuvvetlerine ait geminin Bat Galim’e telsiz yoluyla ulaşarak bölgeden ayrılması emrini verdiğini iddia etmişti. İsrail gemisinin kovalandığı bölgenin Yavuz’un intikal ettiği ‘G’ alanı olduğu iddialar arasındaydı.

      AB’ye ders gibi cevap
      Öte yandan Türk Dışişleri Bakanlığı, Avrupa Birliği’nin Yavuz gemisinin Kıbrıs adasının güneyine intikalini hedef alan açıklamasına da sert tepki gösterdi. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy, Yavuz sondaj gemisinin KKTC ruhsat sahalarındaki üçüncü sondaj faaliyetine ilişkin AB açıklamasına, Kıbrıs Türk makamlarının hidrokarbon kaynaklarının ve gelirlerinin hakça paylaşımına yönelik 13 Temmuz 2019 tarihinde yaptığı önerinin halen geçerli ve çözüm için önemli bir fırsat olduğunu belirtti. Aksoy, “AB, ülkemizin ve Kıbrıs Türklerinin Doğu Akdeniz’deki haklarının gasp edilmesine 2003’ten beri sessiz kalmıştır. Yaptığı hiçbir açıklamada Kıbrıs Türklerine değinmemiş, Kıbrıs Türklerinin varlığını ve haklarını yok saymıştır. AB öncelikle birlik dayanışması kisvesiyle bu gerçeklikten uzak, ön yargılı, çifte standartlı politikalarını sona erdirmelidir. Kıbrıs Türklerinin Ada’nın doğal kaynakları üzerindeki hakları garanti altına alınıncaya ve 13 Temmuz 2019 önerisi çerçevesinde bir işbirliği mekanizması kurulana değin Ada’nın güneyinde de Kıbrıs Türklerinin haklarını korumaya devam edeceğimizden kimse şüphe duymamalıdır” değerlendirmesini yaptı.

    • Yavuz 8. bölgeye geçti: «Türkler burnumuzun dibini kazıyor» - Dünya Haberleri
      https://www.cnnturk.com/dunya/yavuz-8-bolgeye-gecti-turkler-burnumuzun-dibini-kaziyor

      Yavuz gemisi, Akdeniz’de Kıbrıslı Rumların parselleyip kiraladığı 8 numaralı bölgede sondaja başlıyor. Rum yönetimi, “Türkler burnumuzun dibini kazıyorlar” diye telaşlandı.

      Kıbrıs adasının batısında çalışmalarını tamamlayan Yavuz sondaj gemisi, Kıbrıslı Rumların 13 parsele ayırarak İtalyan ENI ve Fransız Total ortaklığına kiraladığı 8 numaralı parselle kesişen bölgede kazı yapacak. Yavuz’un Rumların kiraladığı parselde çalışma başlatması Rum yönetiminin, “Türkiye el koyuyor, burnumuzun dibini kazacaklar” paniğine yol açtı. Yavuz, Ada’nın güneyinde KKTC’nin verdiği ruhsat çerçevesinde çalışma yürütecek.

      Enerji Bakanı Fatih Dönmez’in geçen hafta ilan ettiği Yavuz’un yeni görev yeri “Lefkoşa-1” parselinin ‘neresi’ olduğu Rumların paniğiyle ortaya çıktı. Türk tarafının “Lefkoşa-1” adı verdiği parsel, Rumların adanın güneyini 13 parsele ayırdığı bölgenin tam orta yerinde yer alan ve İtalyan ENI ve Fransız Total’in bu yıl sondaj yapmayı planladığı 8 numaralı parsel ile üst üste geliyor. Rumların tek yanlı parsellemesine tepki olarak KKTC’nin de parsellediği ve ‘G’ bölgesinde yer alan Lefkoşa -1 parseli, Limasol kentinin yaklaşık 180 kilometre güneyinde yer alıyor. KKTC’nin parseli, Rumların 8 numaralı parselinin yaklaşık 3’te 2’si ile kesişiyor. Yavuz, 24 Mayıs’a kadar sondaj yapacak.

      AKSOY: 8 NUMARADA
      Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy da AB’nin “Türkiye Yavuz’u doğu Akdeniz’de yeni bir göreve gönderdi” açıklamasına yanıt verirken Yavuz’un cuma günü üçüncü sondaj faaliyeti için 8 numara ruhsat sahasına intikal ettiğini belirtti. Bu sahada Kıbrıs Türklerinin de en az Kıbrıs Rumları kadar hakkı olduğunu vurgulayan Aksoy, petrol ve doğalgaz bulunursa iki tarafın geliri paylaşacağını vurguladı.