• COVID-19: Cyprus Starts Reopening Checkpoints Between Two Sides Of Island - Republicworld
    The crossings were shut after Cyprus started witnessing a surge in coronavirus cases, restricting the movement of people between the divided Mediterranean.

    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Frontièreintérieure#Quarantaine#Politique#migrant#migration

    https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/middle-east/covid-19-cyprus-starts-reopening-checkpoints-between-two-sides-of-isl

  • A Chypre, des centaines de migrants entassés dans un camp, dans l’attente de leur sort - Challenges
    Vivre dans un camp fermé et surpeuplé ou rentrer au pays ? A Chypre, plusieurs centaines de demandeurs d’asile ont été instantanément placés devant ce choix quasi impossible, en pleine pandémie de Covid-19. Et ils restent, à ce jour, dans l’attente d’un sort meilleur.

    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Confinement#Quarantaine#Politique#Encampement#migrant#migration

    https://www.challenges.fr/monde/a-chypre-des-centaines-de-migrants-entasses-dans-un-camp-dans-l-attente-d

  • A #Chypre, des centaines de migrants entassés dans un camp, dans l’attente de leur sort

    Vivre dans un camp fermé et surpeuplé ou rentrer au pays ? A Chypre, plusieurs centaines de demandeurs d’asile ont été instantanément placés devant ce choix quasi impossible, en pleine pandémie de Covid-19. Et ils restent, à ce jour, dans l’attente d’un sort meilleur.

    « Soit tu montes dans un bus (pour le camp) soit tu signes un papier disant que tu veux retourner dans ton pays », explique Ighodalo à l’AFP. Ce migrant nigérian, qui témoigne sous pseudonyme, fait partie des dizaines de demandeurs d’asile auparavant logés dans des hôtels-appartements à Aya Napa (sud-est) et transférés brusquement dans un camp de l’île par les autorités.

    « Nous n’avons même pas eu le temps de lire le papier », poursuit-il.

    Contacté par téléphone, Ighodalo est désormais bloqué dans le camp de #Pournara, à #Kokkinotrimithia, près de la capitale Nicosie. Constitué de #préfabriqués et de #tentes des #Nations_unies, entourés de barbelés, ce camp construit pour 200 personnes abrite actuellement environ 800 migrants.

    Pour justifier ce déplacement impromptu, Chypre explique ne plus être en mesure de payer les 19 millions d’euros par an de logements pour les migrants.

    Pour une population de moins d’un million d’habitants, « nous avons un nombre considérable de migrants, et 75 % ne sont pas des réfugiés », explique à l’AFP le ministre de l’Intérieur, Nikos Nouris, rencontré dans ses bureaux de Nicosie.

    Pour s’attaquer au plus haut taux de demandes d’asile par habitant d’Europe, M. Nouris dit vouloir à la fois accélérer les procédures d’admission et les rapatriements volontaires.

    – Gale -

    Séparée de la Turquie par un bras de mer de moins de 100 km de large, l’île méditerranéenne est entrée divisée dans l’UE en 2004. Seule reconnue par la communauté internationale, la République de Chypre contrôle les deux tiers sud. Au nord se trouve une autoproclamée République turque (RTCN), uniquement reconnue par Ankara.

    Ce territoire septentrional est une porte d’entrée pour les migrants, qui arrivent par bateaux puis entrent dans le sud via la « ligne verte », surveillée par l’#ONU et qui serpente l’île sur quelque 180 km.

    Cette zone tampon, qui compte une dizaine de points de passage, a vu le nombre de migrants augmenter régulièrement ces dernières années. Des Syriens - le pays en guerre est tout proche - mais aussi des Camerounais, Nigérians, Indiens, Pakistanais ou Bangladais.

    Les demandes d’asile sont ainsi passées de 2 253 en 2015 à 13 648 en 2019, indique le ministre chypriote."Nous voulons accueillir des réfugiés", enchaîne Nikos Nouris. « Mais nous ne pouvons plus accueillir, dans un tel nombre, tous les migrants économiques. »

    A ce jour, Ighodalo ne peut sortir du camp de Pournara. Car si Chypre lève progressivement les mesures de confinement liées à la lutte contre le coronavirus, les portes du centre restent fermées en raison d’apparition de cas de gale, selon le ministère chypriote de la Santé.

    – « Endroit horrible » -

    Pour Doros Polycarpou, du groupe de défense des droits des migrants Kisa, la décision de les détenir sans recours dans ce camp a constitué « une violation sérieuse » de la loi. Et, selon lui, Nicosie entendait faire passer un message : « Ne venez plus à Chypre ».

    En ce début d’été, une campagne multilingue d’envoi de SMS vient d’ailleurs d’être lancée par les autorités pour informer les migrants que Chypre, situé hors de l’espace Schengen, n’était pas un billet d’entrée pour le Vieux continent.

    Dépité, un autre demandeur d’asile nigérian, qui souhaite également conserver l’anonymat, dit lui avoir choisi l’option du rapatriement, en renonçant à sa demande d’asile.

    « On m’a mis dans le camp (de Pournara) quand je suis arrivé à Chypre », raconte-t-il. "Je ne veux pas y retourner. Jamais. C’est un endroit horrible.

    "Une autre ONG, Cyprus Refugee Council, dénonce aussi les « conditions très difficiles » dans le camp, « fermé, surpeuplé et sans information claire sur quand (les migrants) seront autorisés à partir ».Les autorités assurent travailler à l’installation de meilleurs équipements. Et, une fois l’épidémie de gale jugulée, Pournara pourra rouvrir, tout comme Kofinou, autre camp de migrants, avance M. Nouris.

    En attendant, le ministre souligne qu’aucun cas de Covid-19 n’a été enregistré parmi les migrants.

    Et si les rapatriements vers 17 pays considérés comme « sûrs » ont débuté, Nikos Nouris réitère son engagement d’une accélération de l’étude des demandes d’asile, à la faveur de personnels supplémentaires et d’une nouvelle loi.

    Mais « si une autre vague de migrants arrive », et « si la Turquie (...) continue d’envoyer des gens dans les zones occupées de Chypre » (le nord de l’île, ndlr), alors « nous allons connaitre un moment difficile », prévient le ministre, qui en appelle à une plus grande solidarité de l’UE.

    https://www.courrierinternational.com/depeche/chypre-des-centaines-de-migrants-entasses-dans-un-camp-dans-l
    #attente #asile #migrations #réfugiés #camps

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • Cyprus to launch #SMS campaign to stem migrant arrivals

    Cyprus is launching a multilingual SMS campaign to head off more migrant arrivals by dispelling the mistaken belief the European Union member country is a gateway to the continent, the Cypriot interior minister said Sunday.

    Nicos Nouris told the Associated Press the text-message blitz aims to counter “disinformation” propagated by people traffickers that securing asylum status in Cyprus will grant would-be migrants a “passport” to other EU countries.

    Nouris said arriving migrants are effectively “trapped” in Cyprus because the island nation isn’t part of the Schengen area — those 26 European nations that have abolished their borders and permit unrestricted travel between them.

    The minister said Cyprus, with a population of roughly 880,000, has “by a wide margin” the largest number of migrants relative to its population in the 27-member bloc.

    He said 3.8% of those living on Cyprus are asylum seekers, while that number is under 1% in other front-line EU states, like Greece, Italy, Spain and Malta.

    It’s estimated that 25-30% of all migrants currently in Cyprus are refugees fleeing conflict.

    According Asylum Service Statistics, Syrians filled the most asylum applications last year, followed by people from Georgia, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cameroon, Vietnam, Egypt, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.

    Nouris had previously said that most migrants arrive to ethnically divided Cyprus’ breakaway north and cross a United Nations-controlled buffer zone to seek asylum in the internationally recognized south.

    Meanwhile, Nouris said around 700 migrants will remain confined to a reception center on the outskirts of the capital Nicosia until a small scabies infestation there is completely eliminated.

    The minister said he expects confinement measures to be lifted “soon” after all those with scabies have been treated.

    The migrants were confined to the center since late March when the government enacted a strict, stay-at-home order to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. Those restrictions were lifted May 23, but the migrants weren’t allowed to leave the center.

    https://www.ekathimerini.com/253269/article/ekathimerini/news/cyprus-to-launch-sms-campaign-to-stem-migrant-arrivals

    #campagne #dissuasion #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Chypre

    –—

    Ajouté à la #métaliste de #campagnes de #dissuasion à l’#émigration :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/763551

  • Chypre : malgré le déconfinement, des migrants restent enfermés dans un camp surpeuplé
    https://observers.france24.com/fr/20200529-chypre-deconfinement-migrants-enfermes-camp-pournara

    Le camp de Pournara est géré par un entrepreneur privé pour le compte du ministère de l’Intérieur et du service chypriote de demande d’asile. Le directeur des affaires courantes du camp, Stefanos Spaneas, contacté par notre rédaction, répond aux différentes plaintes. En réponse à la pandémie de Covid-19, nous avons dû rapidement augmenter les capacités d’accueil et les infrastructures du camp. Nous n’étions pas prêts à accueillir toutes les personnes qui nous ont été amenées. Auparavant, nous avions environ 20 tentes, aujourd’hui, nous en avons un peu plus de 150. Nous avons aussi dû installer plus de toilettes, mais aussi des points d’accès d’eau et des douches. Nous continuons d’optimiser la situation sur le centre.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#camp#déconfinement#accès-santé#mesures-sanitaires#santé#déconfinement#vulnérabilité

  • Coronavirus: Migrant groups call for lifting of refusal of entry to migrants arriving by sea - Cyprus- Mail

    Migrant rights group Kisa along with a number of other, international groups have called on the government to terminate its policy of refusing entry to migrants arriving by sea, introduced as a measure to slow the spread of coronavirus.

    The migrant rights groups, in a joint statement, criticised both the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriot side for the way they handled a group of 175 refugees who were denied entry by the government in March.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#réfugiés#bateau#lybie#sante

    https://cyprus-mail.com/2020/05/21/coronavirus-migrant-groups-call-for-lifting-of-refusal-of-entry-to-migr

  • Des lieux pour apprendre et des espaces à vivre : l’#école et ses périphéries. Les dehors et les ailleurs

    Quelle approche géographique des #territoires_scolaires ? [Texte intégral]
    Exemple à partir de la cartographie des établissements du 2nd degré à #La_Réunion
    What geographical approach to school territories ? An example from the map of secondary schools on the island of Reunion
    Sylvain Genevois

    #Roms et #Voyageurs : quand les enjeux spatiaux s’invitent à l’école [Texte intégral]
    Roma and Travelers : when space challenges come to school
    Aurore Lecomte

    Les différences nationales de désignation et représentation des déplacements occasionnels des classes dans les pays d’Europe [Texte intégral]
    National differences in the designation and representation of the occasional displacing of classes in European countries
    Xavier Michel

    Images d’espaces / espaces en #images [Texte intégral]
    Étudiants, enseignants débutants, formateurs et espaces d’apprentissage
    Images of spaces / spaces in images. Students, newly qualified teachers, lecturers and learning spaces
    Jean-François Thémines et Anne-Laure Le Guern

    Les effets d’un espace d’apprentissage délocalisé : analyse d’un espace scénique [Texte intégral]
    The effects of a relocated learning space : analysis of a scenic space
    Claire de Saint Martin

    Étranges #stages à l’étranger. Quand le #Covid-19 reconfigure les #apprentissages « #Hors_les_murs » [Texte intégral]
    Strange internships abroad. When the Covid-19 reconfigures “Outside the walls” learning
    Dominique Chevalier

    Etudier et se rencontrer au sein d’une société divisée, perspectives de territoires d’apprentissage chypriotes [Texte intégral]
    Studying and meeting in a divided society : prospects for Cypriot learning territories
    Marie Pouillès-Garonzi
    #Chypre

    Ouvrir l’École sur son espace proche : enjeux de la #territorialisation de l’enseignement de la géographie dans le secondaire en #Nouvelle-Calédonie [Texte intégral]
    Opening up the School to its immediate surroundings : territorialisation challenges of geography teaching in secondary schools in New Caledonia
    Amandine Touitou, Isabelle Lefort et Séverine Ferrière

    Les trajets domicile-école des élèves de primaire peuvent-ils constituer un point de départ pour construire des apprentissages spatiaux ? [Texte intégral]
    Can the home to school journeys of primary school children constitute a starting point for building spatial learning ?
    Elsa Filâtre

    https://journals.openedition.org/geocarrefour/15007
    #revue #géographie

  • IOM Maintains COVID-19 Support for Vulnerable Migrant Communities in Cyprus - Cyprus | ReliefWeb
    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Chypre#protection#sante

    https://reliefweb.int/report/cyprus/iom-maintains-covid-19-support-vulnerable-migrant-communities-cyprus

    Nicosia – The number of COVID-19 case in Cyprus has dropped over the past three weeks (837 confirmed cases and 15 deaths overall) but the risk of infection persists among the most vulnerable communities on the island due to overcrowded living conditions, challenges in accessing basic services such as health, as well as communication barriers.

  • The government undermines legality and the rule of law under the pretext of coronavirus

    In a statement the Minister of Interior appears perturbed by NGO accusations for violations of the law, European legislation and human rights of refugees and migrants, claiming that, with the compulsory “quarantine” of hundreds of refugees in congested detention centres, his ministry “does whatever is possible for providing housing, food and healthcare”, even for “illegal” refugees! As to the lack of basic infrastructures for safeguarding human decency, his response is that «additional sanitary units are being installed and the electricity supply is being increased”.

    However, the Minister of Interior does not respond to the accusations either as to flagrant violations of the Refugee Law and European legislation that primarily prohibit their detention, or as to the contempt of all recommendations and calls by international and European agencies. The Council of Europe (CoE) for example with the CoE Tookit calls on the member states to deal with the pandemic “in a way that respects the fundamental values of democracy, rule of law and human rights”, while the Commissioner for Human Rights of the CoE calls on member states to release migrants and asylum seekers in detention centres “to the maximum extent possible”.

    The new migration policy of the Minister is focused on detention of asylum seekers and their concentration at “Reception” Centres for asylum seekers in Pournara and Kofinou. The two Centers have been turned to closed detention centres, under unacceptable, inhuman and humiliating living conditions, depriving them of basic human rights and putting their health to danger and therefore that of society at large, while at the same time suspending the asylum application examination procedures. There is already a nurse diagnosed with coronavirus at the Menoyia Detention Centre for Irregular Migrants and police officers serving there have been put in quarantine. However, no measures have been taken for the protection of the detained refugees and migrants and none of them have been tested for coronavirus, despite the fact that we have been informed of cases of detainees with some symptoms. Contrary to common sense and in violation of the decrees of the Minister of Health for the prohibition of even small group gatherings, the Minister of Interior ordered the transfer of detainees from Menoyia to Pournara, detaining them in the spaces where some 700 people are being held, without any testing and risking their health and public health in general.

    In addition, the Minister of Interior does not explain that, in view of the lack over the years of a housing policy for refugees and migrants, “housing” for the detained asylum seekers is a tent or other similar rough structure, while for a section of migrants, especially those without papers, “housing” is simply a bed next to 5 or 10 other beds in a room in terrible repair but which carries a very steep rent. The same also applies to «medical care”, in the framework of which asylum seekers are limited to general hospitals of the area prior to GESY (General Health System), unable to register with a personal doctor and all that this entails, especially in the present conditions of coronavirus. For the majority of migrants, even those regularly paying their contribution to GESY for over a year now, continue to be excluded from registering with the system, which results in their being referred to a non-existent personal doctor when they apply to emergency departments.

    Conceding that the above measures have been taken in the absence of coronavirus cases among asylum seekers, the Minister claims that their compulsory transfer and detention at Pournara and Kofinou «was deemed necessary … because it was found that they did not comply with the restrictive measures». Without substantiating his allegations, the Minister proceeds to stigmatisation and arbitrary punitive treatment (deprivation of liberty) of migrants and refugees.

    By the same token, it was also deemed «necessary», and «reasonable» as per a “Fileleftheros” journalist», to use violence, excessive according to eyewitnesses, by the Special Traffic Squad «Ζ» of the police during the recent arrest of two migrants for not complying with the restrictive measures. In the framework of the toxic climate against migrant and refugee communities, shaped by the policy of the government and the Minister of Interior, including the use of the army with common patrols in old Nicosia, Squad “Z” appears to concentrate its action in the old city of Nicosia, targeting its racist rage at migrants and refugees and exhausting the frustrations of at least some of its members for demonstrating power and authority, through the use of verbal and physical violence as in the above arrest. Occasionally, the police are “accompanied” in this “work” by some journalists, who completely “by chance” happen to be present in some cases by the police and who are all too ready not only to exonerate but to also promote police actions with relevant photographs and articles.

    KISA reiterates its position that the policies and actions of the Minister of Interior and the government, both in terms of mass detention and the arbitrary suspension of the asylum procedures during the pandemic as well as in relation to the unequal access to the right to healthcare, constitute blatant violations of the Refugee Law, European legislation and international human rights law but they are also extremely dangerous for the health of asylum seekers and public health in general.

    KISA states that it fully appreciates the necessity to comply with the restrictive measures and that the small section of citizens, including migrants and refugees that violates the measures must be dealt with equally as all other citizens. The racist treatment, violence and stigmatisation of all the migrant and refugee population as potentially not complying with the measures and, therefore, as dangerous for public health, amounts to flagrant violations of the fundamental principles of equality, rule of law and human rights, undermining and shattering our country’s democracy and civilization.

    KISA deems as positive the interventions of both the UNHCR and the Commissioner for Administration and Human Rights but these must not be limited to general positions of the type “a report will be prepared” but they should posit in no uncertain terms the need for immediate measures for restoring legality and the rule of law. Neither the visit in the form of a “tour” by the Minister nor the provision of “200 more tents” will lead to changing the Ministry’s unlawful policy and violations.

    KISA has proceeded to legal measures, including before the European Court of Human Rights, as well as a report against the Ministry’s measures. At the same time, it calls on other civil society organisations, independent authorities and the competent parliamentary committees for immediate and dynamic interventions so as to fully restore the government’s compliance with legality and the rule of law.

    https://kisa.org.cy/undermining-legality-and-the-rule-of-law-under-the-pretext-of-coronavirus
    #Chypre #asile #migrations #coronavirus #covid-19 #réfugiés #rétention #détention_administrative #Pournara #Kofinou #Menoyia

    Ajouté à la métaliste:
    https://seenthis.net/messages/835410

  • CoVid-19 dans les #pays_méditerranéens

    En collaboration avec les ingénieurs de la plateforme universitaire de données d’Aix-Marseille (PUD-AMU), l’Observatoire démographique vous propose ci-dessous des ressources #statistiques officielles concernant la situation de l’#épidémie. (Merci aux chercheurs qui nous ont fait des retours pour améliorer cette page : Hala Bayoumi, Eric Verdeil, Philippe Sierra).

    Pour chaque pays, nous donnons le lien vers la ou les sources officielles : #Albanie, #Algérie, #Bosnie-et-Herzégovine, #Bulgarie, #Chypre, #Croatie, #Egypte, #Espagne, #France, #Grèce, #Israël, #Italie, #Jordanie, #Kosovo, #Liban, #Libye, #Macédoine, #Malte, #Maroc, #Monténégro, #Palestine, #Portugal, #Serbie, #Slovénie, #Syrie, #Tunisie, #Turquie

    https://demomed.org/index.php/fr/ressources-en-ligne/coronavirus-situation
    #Méditerranée #comparaison #chiffres #graphiques #contamination #décès #coronavirus #visualisation

    ping @simplicissimus @reka

  • Chypre : Human Rights Watch appelle à la libération de 175 Syriens confinés dans »des appartements surpeuplés »- Diaspora en ligne
    Human Rights Watch a exhorté jeudi les autorités chypriotes-turques à libérer 175 migrants syriens qui ont été assignés à résidence dans des appartements surpeuplés, selon l’ONG, après le naufrage de leur embarcation le mois dernier.
    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Confinement#Quarantaine#Politique#Encampement#migrant#migration

    https://diasporaenligne.net/actualites-chypre-human-rights-watch-appelle-a-la-liberation-de-175

  • Turkish Cypriot Authorities: Release Detained Syrian Asylum Seekers-Human Rights Watch
    Turkish Cypriot authorities should immediately release 175 detained Syrian asylum seekers, and Greek Cypriot authorities should allow them to cross the line into their territory and process their asylum claims, Human Rights Watch said today.
    #Covid-19#Turquie#Chypre#Syriens#Amnistie#Prisonniers#Politique#Demandeurs_asile#migrant#migration

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/16/turkish-cypriot-authorities-release-detained-syrian-asylum-seekers

  • Turkish Cypriot Authorities: Release Detained Syrian Asylum Seekers. Republic of Cyprus Should Process Their Claims

    Turkish Cypriot authorities should immediately release 175 detained Syrian asylum seekers, and Greek Cypriot authorities should allow them to cross the line into their territory and process their asylum claims, Human Rights Watch said today.

    On March 20, 2020, citing a #Covid-19 lockdown, Greek Cypriot authorities refused permission to dock to a boat carrying the asylum seekers, many of whom were trying to join family already settled in the Republic of Cyprus. The boat eventually navigated north, and Turkish Cypriot authorities rescued them from shallow waters when their vessel capsized. Turkish Cypriot authorities are now effectively detaining the asylum seekers and have indicated that they will transfer them to Turkey.

    “Turkish Cypriot authorities initially provided rescue and safety to the Syrian asylum seekers, but now appear to be holding them in indefinite detention,” said Nadia Hardman, refugee and migrant rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. “For their part, Greek Cypriot authorities should not ignore the claims for protection and family reunification that many of the asylum seekers have on its territory.”

    The 175 Syrian asylum seekers, most of whom fled Aleppo and Idlib, left Mersin in southern Turkey on a boat bound for Cyprus on March 20. They include 69 children, at least 7 of them unaccompanied. After the Greek Cypriot coast guard pushed them back, the overcrowded boat traveled north and overturned near the Northern Cyprus shore. No one was injured and the Turkish Cypriot authorities helped the Syrians reach land and gave them relief items.

    The authorities housed the asylum seekers in a sports hall for a few days, then moved them to an apartment complex for a 14-day quarantine period. That period ended in the first week of April, but the Turkish Cypriot authorities have maintained the Syrian asylum seekers under effective house arrest, confined to the apartments and under constant surveillance. The legal basis for their continued confinement is unclear, as under the law in Northern Cyprus, detention on migration grounds is authorized only for 8 days, extendable only by a court decision, which Human Rights Watch understands has not been sought in this case.

    As a matter of international law, the Republic of Cyprus refers to the entire island, but it is currently under the effective control of two states. The internationally recognized government of the Republic of Cyprus has effective control over the southern part – also referred to as Greek Cyprus. It is a European Union member. The self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) governs the northern part and is deemed to be under the effective control of Turkey, the only country that recognizes the entity of TRNC. Under international law, Turkey is treated as an occupying power and assumes responsibility for upholding human rights there.

    Human Rights Watch spoke with 2 of the asylum seekers, who described their conditions as cramped, with 15 to 21 people on average to a room. “They don’t let us outside,” one said. “We are not even allowed on the balcony. We spend all day in our rooms. We don’t know anything and don’t know what will happen to us.” Human Rights Watch understands that the asylum seekers have access to a nurse but have not been tested for Covid-19.

    The TRNC issued deportation orders from the territory to Turkey for all 175 asylum seekers. Human Rights Watch understands that Turkey has refused to accept the Syrians, citing Covid-19-related concerns.

    Turkey has repeatedly violated the prohibition on refoulement – the forcible return of refugees or asylum seekers to a country where they are liable to face persecution or serious violations of their rights, Human Rights Watch said. Since July 2019, Turkey has deported hundreds of Syrians, perhaps more. Any Syrians forcibly returned to Turkey face a risk of onward refoulement to Syria.

    Human Rights Watch spoke to three Syrian asylum seekers in the Republic of Cyprus who said that on previous attempts to reach Cyprus in the past year they had been interdicted by the Turkish coast guard and ultimately returned to Syria. In all cases, they were forced to sign voluntary repatriation forms, a practice that Human Rights Watch has documented.

    The asylum seekers trapped in northern Cyprus expressed frustration and said they were afraid of being returned to Syria. Three had tried to escape by jumping from the balcony of their apartment building but were caught, uninjured, and returned to their rooms. While Turkey has refused to accept them, Human Rights Watch is concerned that this position could change once the strict restrictions on freedom of movement because of Covid-19 loosen.

    The Turkish-controlled TRNC does not operate its own asylum system. The protections that Cyprus is required to provide to asylum seekers as an EU member are inaccessible for asylum seekers in the north. Instead, nongovernmental groups in Northern Cyprus are sometimes granted access to migrants who arrive there to find out if they have international protection needs. If the groups determine that they do, the authorities have tended to allow them to stay and granted them access to basic rights such as to health care, education, and work. Human Rights Watch understands that the groups have yet to be granted access to the 175 asylum seekers.

    The Republic of Cyprus is entitled to control its borders and manage crossings into the country but is bound by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights to respect the right to seek asylum. Failure to do so may also violate the nonrefoulement principle. Failure to assist a boat in distress could also be a breach of international law of the sea and EU obligations on search-and-rescue.

    Under international law, public health measures must be proportionate, nondiscriminatory, and based on available scientific evidence. Measures such as requiring a period of isolation or quarantine may be permitted, but the pandemic cannot justify blanket bans on allowing boats to land, which risk the rights to life and health of those on board.

    Turkish authorities, as well as the TRNC, are bound by the principle of nonrefoulement. They are also bound by international human rights law, including the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits arbitrary detention. While irregular migrants may be detained for limited periods, including pending lawful removal, if such removal is unable to be carried out imminently, they should be released.

    States should not detain children for immigration-related reasons and are obliged to provide appropriate care to unaccompanied children. On April 13, UNICEF said that all governments should impose a moratorium on detaining children and urgently release children where alternatives are possible, due to heightened risks of Covid-19 in detention.

    The Turkish Cypriot authorities should end the detention of the Syrian asylum seekers and ensure they are housed in accommodation where they are able to practice social distancing and proper hygiene and have access to adequate food, water, medical care, and legal assistance, Human Rights Watch said.

    “The Syrian asylum seekers are being held in cramped quarters, vulnerable to the spread of Covid-19, in constant fear they may be forcibly returned to the country they fled,” Hardman said. “Once released from detention, the Republic of Cyprus should promptly accept their claims for asylum and requests for family reunification and protect them from the risk of return to persecution or other serious violations in Syria.”

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/16/turkish-cypriot-authorities-release-detained-syrian-asylum-seekers
    #Chypre #réfugiés #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_syriens #Turquie #Chypre_du_Nord #frontières #coronavirus

    ping @thomas_lacroix

  • Cyprus pushes Syrian refugees back at sea due to #coronavirus

    About 200 Syrian refugees are stranded in northern Cyprus after a harrowing standoff with authorities on the sea.

    Nearly 200 Syrian asylum seekers are stranded in northern Cyprus after they were pushed back in the middle of the sea by authorities in the government-controlled south.

    Quarantined and under threat of deportation, they have become the latest victims of a multiplying border shutdown as countries grapple with the advance of coronavirus.

    On Friday, March 20, several Greek Cypriot patrol vessels approached a vastly overcrowded boat several miles of the coast of Cape Greco.

    A police translator with a megaphone informed the passengers in Arabic that they could not enter Cyprus and would have to turn back. The craft was holding 175 people including 69 children.

    According to authorities in northern Cyprus, all are Syrian.

    Al Jazeera spoke to three Syrians who were on board. Their names are being withheld to not invite reprisals by authorities.

    One mother in her twenties from Aleppo said: “It was very crowded, the waves were high and the boat was moving a lot. I held my children tight. The police said you cannot enter because of the coronavirus, we said we were joining our husbands and families and if you are scared about coronavirus you can put us in a camp alone or quarantine. But they refused and then the boats started to circle.”

    On March 15, Cyprus shut its borders to all except Cypriots, European workers and those with special permits for a period of two weeks.

    As of Sunday, the country had recorded 214 confirmed cases and six have died.

    In a statement given to Al Jazeera, Cypriot police spokesman Christos Andreou said: “The police acted on the ministerial decrees concerning the prohibition of entry ... to protect against the distribution of coronavirus. The police made it clear that they will not allow anyone including immigrants to enter in violation of these decrees.”

    A man from Idlib told Al Jazeera: "A bigger boat came after an hour with a cannon and weapons on top. They had personnel with guns on board who said, ’If you want water, food and fuel we will give it to you but entry to Cyprus is not allowed’.

    “We asked even for them just to take the women and children. They threw us a small bottle of diesel and drove behind us for an hour and we continued to the Turkish side. A storm came and waves started to hit the boat.”

    After a standoff of several hours the boat, that had begun its journey in Mersin in southern Turkey, turned around and eventually upturned near the shore of northern Cyprus.

    Local authorities rescued the passengers from the shoreline, and they are now being housed in apartments.

    The Mediterranean island has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north following a Greek-backed military coup by forces seeking to unify the country with Athens.

    Although Cyprus is an EU member, the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is recognised only by Turkey and the territories are separated by a 120-mile long UN-monitored buffer zone which cuts through the nation’s capital, Nicosia.

    Gulfem Verizoglu-Sevgili of the TRNC ministry of foreign affairs told Al Jazeera in a statement: “In the early hours of March 21, a rescue mission took place off the eastern coast of TRNC by the Karpaz Peninsula. The refugees were primarily taken to a sports hall where they underwent medical examinations and were provided with clothes and food. They have now been moved into flats.”

    The refugees received a warm reception by Turkish Cypriot authorities, but their fate is uncertain and local NGOs say they have been denied access to the apartments.

    A partial curfew is in place with movement largely restricted to essential businesses.

    Fezile Osum from Refugee Rights Association, an NGO based in northern Cyprus, told Al Jazeera: “The situation is complicated because the south closed their asylum system and here we don’t have one. Normally we would be able to conduct interviews but because of the curfew we are not allowed to do anything, and we don’t how they are being treated.”

    All crossing points that connect the Greek and Turkish Cypriot territories are currently closed.

    A man from Aleppo living in the Republic of Cyprus told Al Jazeera that his wife and children were among those stranded in the north. They are treated well, he said, but lack information.

    “Nobody is telling them anything. They should at least let us be together. If we knew about the border closures, they wouldn’t have come,” he said.

    UNHCR spokeswoman Emilia Strovolidou confirmed that deportation orders had been issued by the TRNC, but Turkey had refused the request.

    “Authorities in the north have placed them in 14-day quarantine in apartments and afterwards they will try again to deport them to Turkey.”

    Andrew Gardner, Amnesty International’s senior researcher on Turkey, told Al Jazeera he was concerned by cases of refoulement from Turkey to Syria.

    “Turkey has punished misdemeanour offences by arbitrarily sending people back to Syria, either those living there for a while or potentially those deported back from Northern Cyprus. There is definitely a problem with independent oversight of returns and people in detention.”

    Osum, of Refugee Rights Association, believes a dangerous precedent has been set.

    “I am afraid that Cyprus will continue to push back people and we will have more arrivals or even deaths in the sea.”
    ’Extremely saddened’

    UNHCR chief Filippo Grandi recently said that while everyday life for many has stopped, “war persecution have not.”

    He advised that screening and quarantine arrangements can be put in place “to enable authorities to manage the arrival of asylum seekers and refugees in a safe manner, while respecting international refugee protection standards designed to save lives.”

    Despite being relatively untouched during the height of Europe’s refugee crisis in 2015-2016, Cyprus is now the top recipient of first-time asylum seekers in the EU per capita registering 12,695 in 2019, the majority Syrian.

    Even pre-coronavirus the Cypriot government has taken an increasingly strident tone against irregular immigration, pr opagating the idea that refugees and migrants crossing over the porous buffer zone from north to south have been encouraged or sent by Ankara as an orchestrated attempt to alter the country’s demographics.

    Aside from the pandemic, the Cypriot asylum system may prompt yet more treacherous boat journeys.

    Corina Drousiotou from the Cyprus Refugee Council told Al Jazeera that almost all Syrians in Cyprus receive subsidiary protection status, which does not allow them to bring over family members legally.

    “We are extremely saddened by the pushback as until now the Cypriot authorities had taken every step to ensure refugees arriving on boats were able to reach our shores safely. We are contacted every day by devastated fathers desperate to be reunited with their families.”

    The woman from Aleppo who was on board the boat, said: “We didn’t go to Cyprus as tourists. We went to become refugees there.”

    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/cyprus-pushes-syrian-refugees-sea-due-coronavirus-200330091614066.html
    #refoulement #refoulements #Chypre #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_syriens

    ping @thomas_lacroix

    • Syrian refugees in Cyprus pushed back to Turkey

      On 15 May 2020, the administration of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) forcibly sent 100 Syrian refugees, including unaccompanied children, to Mersin, Turkey. They have been transferred to Kilis, near the Syrian border, where they are now. Most of the 100 Syrian refugees – 56 – are children and women and girls are in the majority.

      On 24 April 2020, the TRNC had already forcibly sent 75 Syrian refugees, including unaccompanied children, to Mersin, Turkey, from where they have been reportedly moved to a camp in the province of Kahramanmaraş. All 175 Syrian refugees have expressed their intent to apply for asylum and find protection in an EU member state. Syrians forcibly returned to Turkey face a risk of onward refoulement to Syria.

      This group of 175 refugees arrived by boat on 20 March and were pushed back to the sea by the coastguard of the republic of Cyprus as the boat was approaching the southern part of the island, which is under the jurisdiction and control of the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Many of these refugees were trying to join their families already settled in the Republic of Cyprus, which is a member of the European Union. The boat went north, capsized and the refugees were rescued by the “Turkish Cypriot administration” which has effective control over the northern part of the island. The refugees were housed in an apartment complex for a 14-day quarantine period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the end of the quarantine period, they continued to be detained – this time arbitrarily, in violation of the law of the “Turkish Cypriot administration” which authorises the detention of irregular migrants for eight days extendable only by a court order.

      We, the undersigned organisations condemn the push-back of the vessel from Cypriot waters by the government of Cyprus, which amounts to refoulement in violation of the prohibition of non-refoulement set out under the 1951 Geneva Convention and EU law on asylum, and infringes Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights

      We, the undersigned organisations also condemn the return of 175 refugees to Turkey and the arbitrary detention of these persons by the “Turkish Cypriot administration”. These acts also violate the 1951 Refugee Convention and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The detention of minors additionally violates the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in particular Articles 9, 10, 22 and 37 on detention of children, the right to reunification with members of the family and the right of every child to be with both parents. States are obliged to provide appropriate care to unaccompanied children. On April 13, UNICEF said that all governments should impose a moratorium on detaining children and urgently release children where alternatives are possible, due to heightened risks of Covid-19 in detention.

      Recommendations

      We call on the “Turkish Cypriot administration” and Turkey to:

      Respect the principle of non-refoulement and international human rights law, including the European Convention on Human Rights, by stopping the forced return of refugees and asylum seekers to Turkey and/or Syria;

      We call on the government of the Republic of Cyprus to:

      Abide by EU and international obligations to respect the right to seek asylum and the principle of non-refoulement, and provide assistance to boats in distress at sea by carrying out search and rescue operations;
      Cooperate with the UN and the “Turkish Cypriot administration” with a view to allowing the asylum seekers access to territory under control of the government of the Republic of Cyprus to apply for asylum and reunify with their families;
      Terminate the suspension of access to asylum by those arriving by sea to the territory of the Republic of Cyprus in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

      https://euromedrights.org/publication/syrian-refugees-in-cyprus-pushed-back-to-turkey

  • La galassia offshore dei trader ticinesi. Il caso Duferco

    La catena societaria del gruppo Duferco, la più importante azienda di commercio di materie prime di Lugano di Federico Franchini

    È considerato il più importante commerciante d’acciaio del mondo e l’unica multinazionale con sede in Ticino. È la Duferco di Lugano, capostipite e fiore all’occhiello della piazza di trading del Ceresio. Nonostante la sua importanza di lei si sa poco o nulla. Chi la controlla? Quali sono i suoi utili? Attraverso documenti ufficiali area ha ricostruito la sua struttura societaria. Quello che emerge è una galassia complessa che si dirama in diversi paradisi fiscali.

    Rue Guillaume Schneider 6, Lussemburgo. Per ricostruire la catena societaria di Duferco occorre partire da qui. Se il Ticino è il centro operativo delle diverse società legate a questo gruppo, il cuore societario è nel Granducato. È qui, dove si sono trasferite da Guernsey nel 2010, che hanno sede le case madri di quelle che di fatto sono le due Duferco: la Duferco Participations Holding (Dph), legata alla storica proprietà italiana, e la Duferco International Trading Holding (Dith), oggi in mani cinesi. Queste due holding, benché legate tra loro da vincoli storici e di proprietà, vanno considerate come due multinazionali a sé.

    La Duferco del Dragone
    È il 2014 quando il colosso pubblico cinese Hesteel Group acquisisce la maggioranza della Duferco di #Lugano. In realtà, il controllo arriva a monte: Hesteel, tramite una controllata di Singapore, acquisisce la maggioranza della Dith, la società madre delle attività di trading. L’alleanza è tra titani: il secondo produttore d’acciaio del mondo si unisce al principale commerciante di prodotti siderurgici del pianeta. Gli ormai ex azionisti di maggioranza, il fondatore #BrunoBolfo e suo nipote #AntonioGozzi perdono il controllo sulla Dith, ma attraverso l’altra #Duferco, la Dph, mantengono un’importante quota di minoranza nella holding che ora detiene i diritti esclusivi per vendere l’acciaio cinese.

    Dopo Hesteel (61%) e Dph (27%), il terzo azionista di Dith è la Big Brown Dog Holding (12%) di Hong Kong, controllata dal Ceo Matthew De Morgan e nella quale, fino a poco fa, mantenevano qualche briciola gli ucraini dell’Unione Industriale del Donbass (Isd). Prima dell’arrivo di Hesteel, infatti, Bolfo & Co. avevano stretto un accordo strategico con l’Isd che, tramite la cipriota Steelhold, aveva acquisito quote di minoranza della Dith. Oggi, gli oligarchi dell’est sono ormai usciti di scena lasciando spazio ai nuovi padroni dell’acciaio, i dragoni cinesi della provincia di Hebei.

    Il gruppo ha mantenuto la sede operativa in Ticino, dove sono attive sette società tra cui la capostipite della piazza luganese: la Duferco Sa. La Dith è attiva soprattutto nel commercio di acciaio (ma non solo) e dispone di alcune unità produttive come una fabbrica in Macedonia, controllata tramite filiali a Cipro e nel Liechtenstein. La diminuzione della domanda di acciaio cinese e la crisi dei dazi sta pesando sulle performance del gruppo: dopo essere diminuiti del 20% nel 2018, gli utili di Dith sono scesi di un altro 57% nel 2019, issandosi a 26 milioni di dollari.

    Dxt: il gigante sconosciuto
    Ogni anno, Handelszeitung pubblica la lista delle più importanti società elvetiche per cifra d’affari. Nel 2019, per arrivare al Ticino occorreva scendere alla 32esima posizione: qui si trova la Dxt Commodities. Poco nota al grande pubblico, questa azienda è specializzata nel trading d’idrocarburi ed energia elettrica. Dxt è stata fondata nel 1999 dai top manager di Duferco, in collaborazione con alcuni fiduciari di Lugano. Gli stessi, per intenderci, che hanno ideato la tanto discussa ingegneria fiscale della Gucci. Anche per il trading l’asse è sempre quello: Lugano-Lussemburgo. La Dxt è controllata al 95% dalla Dxt International, sede nel Granducato. Una società che ha realizzato 26 milioni di euro di utili nel 2018, grazie soprattutto alla controllata ticinese. La Dxt International è detenuta al 50% da due altre società: la Spelugues Investments, basata nel Delaware e posseduta dal Ceo Benedict Sciortino; e la Dph, la Duferco “italiana”. Oltre alla Dxt, quest’ultima detiene in Ticino, sempre per il tramite di una lussemburghese, anche la metà del gruppo di commercio marittimo Nova Marine.

    Scatole cinesi
    Ma chi controlla la Dph? Il primo scalino a ritroso porta alla Btb Investments, una società che la detiene al 100%. A questo punto l’organigramma si biforca in due rami. Uno va verso altre due entità – la Ultima Holding a sua volta controllata dalla Lagrev Investments – che sembrano portare al manager Antonio Gozzi. L’altro ramo, leggermente maggioritario, conduce alla Bb Holding Investments che, come le altre lussemburghesi citate, ha sede al numero 6 di Rue Guillaume Schneider. La Bb Holding fa capo al vecchio patron, quel Bruno Bolfo che, ancora una volta, sembra avere azzeccato tutte le sue mosse: nel 2019, l’utile netto della sua holding è aumentato del 66% raggiungendo gli 85 milioni di dollari. La Duferco italiana, insomma, sembra rendere di più rispetto a quella cinese. Per mettere al sicuro il suo tesoro milionario, però, Bruno Bolfo ha pensato a uno scalino in più: la Bb Holding è infatti detenuta al 100% da La Sesta Trust, un fondo fiduciario basato nel Liechtenstein. Ultima fermata di una galassia decisamente offshore.

    Mister acciaio e gli amici luganesi

    È l’11 agosto del 1982 quando, presso lo studio del notaio Filippo Solari di Lugano, viene costituita la Duferco Sa. Il gruppo era stato creato qualche anno prima in Brasile dal ligure Bruno Bolfo, un manager con esperienze nell’acciaio in Italia, Stati Uniti e Sudamerica.

    In Ticino, al momento della creazione della Duferco, Bolfo non c’è. A comparire di fronte al notaio sono due figure note del sottobosco finanziario e societario luganese: Elio Borradori, padre dell’attuale sindaco Marco, che diventerà noto per essere stato l’amministratore dei dittatori Saddam Hussein e Ferdinando Marcos, e il suo socio Josef Kraft. Al momento della sua creazione, la maggioranza delle azioni della Duferco saranno detenute da una sconosciuta società del Liechtenstein, la Forward Investment, amministrata dallo stesso Kraft.

    Quando, un anno dopo, viene creata in Lussemburgo la prima Duferco Holding, lo schema si ripete: il controllo è affidato alla Laconfida di Vaduz, la società figlia dello studio legale Borradori e da cui sono transitati molti dei segreti finanziari, più o meno occulti, legati al sottobosco fiduciario luganese. Nel 1990, quando la Duferco decide d’insediare la sua casa madre a Guernsey, la Duferco Holding viene liquidata nel Granducato. Ad occuparsi della liquidazione sono Josef Kraft e Jean-Louis Hurst, suo successore a Laconfida ed ex dirigente del gruppo Ocra, la struttura creata da Tito Tettamanti per la gestione della contabilità parallela dei potentati di mezzo mondo. Hurst entrerà di lì a poco anche nella Duferco di Lugano, nel frattempo diventata sede operativa di quello che si sta profilando come il più grande commerciante di acciaio del pianeta.

    Una società che negli anni ’90 si lancia alla conquista del selvaggio Est in preda al caos delle privatizzazioni del settore siderurgico. In quegli anni, oltre a stringere alleanze con gli oligarchi russi e ucraini, Duferco consolida la propria struttura societaria in Ticino. Per farlo, Bruno Bolfo fa affidamento ad un gruppo di rampanti fiduciari ed esperti fiscali. Nel 1996, infatti, nel Cda di Duferco c’entrano Donato Cortesi e Adelio Lardi, gli ideatori dell’ingegneria fiscale dei giganti della moda che in quegli anni inizieranno a insediarsi in Ticino.

    Nel 1999, Lardi e Cortesi, assieme al già citato Hurst e ai top manager di Duferco, si faranno promotori della nascita di Dufenergy, la società che diventerà Dxt Commodities. Un nome poco noto, ma che oggi è la più importante azienda ticinese per cifra d’affari. Una società che, come abbiamo visto nell’articolo sopra, è controllata di fatto al 50% da una società del Delaware, al 25% da una lussemburghese e al 25% da un trust del Lichtenstein, cassaforte dei tesori di Bruno Bolfo. Insomma, dall’inizio alla fine, i segreti di Duferco portano sempre a Vaduz.

    https://www.areaonline.ch/La-galassia-offshore-dei-trader-ticinesi-Il-caso-Duferco-08bb2900


    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ETx22_HWoAAI-TT?format=jpg&name=large

    #matière_première #offshore #acier @cdb_77 #suisse #tessin

  • Forages illégaux à Chypre : l’Union européenne va-t-elle sanctionner la Turquie ?
    https://www.latribune.fr/economie/international/forages-illegaux-a-chypre-l-union-europeenne-va-t-elle-sanctionner-la-turq

    L’Union européenne a mis en garde la Turquie contre tout forage illégal d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale, notamment dans les eaux de Chypre.

    L’Union européenne a mis en garde la Turquie contre tout forage illégal d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale, notamment dans les eaux de Chypre, avant l’ouverture de la conférence internationale de Berlin pour tenter de pacifier la Libye. Le ministère turc des Affaires étrangères a pourtant annoncé dimanche l’arrivée d’un bateau, le Yavuz, au sud de l’île pour y mener des activités de forage. "Tous les membres de la communauté internationale doivent s’abstenir de toute action susceptible de porter atteinte à la stabilité et à la sécurité régionales", a rappelé le porte-parole du chef de la diplomatie européenne Josep Borrell dans un communiqué diffusé samedi. « L’intention de la Turquie de lancer de nouvelles activités d’exploration et de forage dans l’ensemble de la région va malheureusement dans le sens opposé », a-t-il déploré.

    L’UE s’est mise en mesure de prendre des sanctions ciblées contre « les personnes ou les entités qui sont responsables d’activités de forage non autorisées d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale ou qui sont impliquées dans ces activités ». Une liste est en préparation et pourrait être discutée au cours de la réunion des ministres des Affaires étrangères de l’UE lundi à Bruxelles. Les sanctions consisteront en une interdiction de pénétrer sur le territoire de l’UE et un gel des avoirs. De plus, il sera interdit de prêter des fonds aux personnes et aux entités inscrites sur la liste. De son côté, Chypre a accusé dimanche la Turquie de « se transformer en Etat pirate en Méditerranée orientale », selon un communiqué de la présidence. « La Turquie persiste en suivant la voie de l’illégalité (au regard du droit) internationale », selon le texte.

    Le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan, qui participe à la conférence de Berlin, a rejeté les « ultimatums » de l’Union européenne. Il a rappelé que la Turquie abritait quelque quatre millions de réfugiés, en majorité syriens, et qu’elle pourrait leur ouvrir les portes vers l’Europe. L’implication turque dans le conflit en Libye est dictée par des facteurs géopolitiques et par des motivations d’ordre économique. Ainsi, des gisements d’hydrocarbures en Méditerranée orientale aiguisent l’appétit de la Turquie mais aussi celui d’autres pays riverains comme la Grèce, l’Egypte, Chypre et Israël.

    • İsrail’e Yavuz’la mesaj
      https://www.yenisafak.com/gundem/israile-yavuzla-mesaj-3522446


      Bölge ile ilgili harita
      (carte de la région)

      Doğu Akdeniz’de, Yunanistan ve Mısır’la birlikte hareket eden İsrail’e, Türkiye’den Kıbrıs’ın güneyinde net mesaj geldi. Kıbrıs adası çevresinde arama ve sondaj faaliyetlerine devam eden Türkiye, Yavuz sondaj gemisinin Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına gönderdi. Konuya ilişkin Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy, “Yavuz sondaj gemimiz, geçtiğimiz cuma günü KKTC hükümetinin 2011 yılında Türkiye Petrolleri’ne verdiği ruhsatlar çerçevesinde, üçüncü sondaj faaliyetini gerçekleştirmek üzere Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına intikal etmiştir” dedi. İntikalin, Yunanistan, Güney Kıbrıs ve İsrail arasında 2 Ocak’ta imzalanan EastMed Boru Hattı projesinden ve Kahire’de toplanan Doğu Akdeniz Gaz Forumu kuruluş bildirgesinin imzalanmasından hemen sonra gelmesi dikkat çekti. Her iki inisiyatifin başını da İsrail’in çektiği biliniyor. Yavuz hamlesi, Türkiye’nin İsrail’e karşı kararlılık gösterisi olarak değerlendirildi.

      KKTC RUHSAT SAHASI
      Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Aksoy Yavuz’un ‘G” ruhsat sahasına intikale ilişkin, “Yavuz sondaj gemimiz, geçtiğimiz cuma günü KKTC hükümetinin 2011 yılında Türkiye Petrolleri’ne verdiği ruhsatlar çerçevesinde, üçüncü sondaj faaliyetini gerçekleştirmek üzere Ada’nın güneyindeki ‘G’ ruhsat sahasına intikal etmiştir. Bu sahada Ada’nın ortak sahibi olarak Kıbrıs Türklerinin de en az Kıbrıs Rumları kadar hakları vardır. Burada petrol ve doğal gaz bulunması halinde iki taraf da gelirleri birlikte paylaşacaktır” ifadelerini kullandı.

      LAF OLSUN DİYE VERMEDİK
      KKTC Başbakan Yardımcısı ve Dışişleri Bakanı Kudret Özersay, Yavuz’un ‘G’ bölgesine intikaline ilişkin KKTC’nin Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortaklığı’na (TPAO) verdiği tüm lisans alanlarında kazı yapılacağını belirterek “Bu lisansları laf olsun diye vermedik.” dedi. KKTC’nin bu adımı atacağını aylar öncesinden duyurduğunu anımsatan Özersay, Doğu Akdeniz’de en erken zamanda doğal gaz konusunda ilgili bütün tarafların iş birliği yapmasının kaçınılmaz olduğunu söyledi.

      LEVİATHAN VE TAMAR’A SINIR KOMŞUSU
      Yavuz sondaj gemisinin intikal ettiği ‘G’ bölgesi, Kıbrıs adasının güneydoğusunda bulunuyor ve İsrail’in Doğu Akdeniz’deki iki önemli doğal gaz sahası, Leviathan ve Tamar’ın bulunduğu deniz alanına sınırdaş konumda yer alıyor. Yavuz’un bölgeye gönderilmesi, Türkiye’yi, 2020 yılı askeri istihbarat raporunda “tehdit” listesine alan ve EastMed boru hattı projesinde ısrarcı olan İsrail yönetimine bir cevap niteliği taşıyor.

      KORSAN GEMİ KOVALANDI
      Aralık ayında İsrail’in Kanal 13 adlı televizyonu haberinde Türk donanmasının Doğu Akdeniz’de, Kıbrıs adası açıklarında korsan arama çalışması yapmak isteyen bir İsrail gemisini engellediğini belirtmişti. Kanal 13 muhabiri Barak Ravid Twitter hesabından paylaştığı mesajda, iki hafta önce ortak bir proje üzerinde çalışan İsrailli ve Güney Kıbrıslı araştırmacıları taşıyan İsrail’e ait “Bat Galim” isimli araştırma gemisinin, Türk Deniz Kuvvetlerine ait bir gemi tarafından Doğu Akdeniz’den çıkarıldığını öne sürmüş ve adını açıklamadığı İsrailli bir yetkiliye dayandırdığı mesajında, Türk Deniz Kuvvetlerine ait geminin Bat Galim’e telsiz yoluyla ulaşarak bölgeden ayrılması emrini verdiğini iddia etmişti. İsrail gemisinin kovalandığı bölgenin Yavuz’un intikal ettiği ‘G’ alanı olduğu iddialar arasındaydı.

      AB’ye ders gibi cevap
      Öte yandan Türk Dışişleri Bakanlığı, Avrupa Birliği’nin Yavuz gemisinin Kıbrıs adasının güneyine intikalini hedef alan açıklamasına da sert tepki gösterdi. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy, Yavuz sondaj gemisinin KKTC ruhsat sahalarındaki üçüncü sondaj faaliyetine ilişkin AB açıklamasına, Kıbrıs Türk makamlarının hidrokarbon kaynaklarının ve gelirlerinin hakça paylaşımına yönelik 13 Temmuz 2019 tarihinde yaptığı önerinin halen geçerli ve çözüm için önemli bir fırsat olduğunu belirtti. Aksoy, “AB, ülkemizin ve Kıbrıs Türklerinin Doğu Akdeniz’deki haklarının gasp edilmesine 2003’ten beri sessiz kalmıştır. Yaptığı hiçbir açıklamada Kıbrıs Türklerine değinmemiş, Kıbrıs Türklerinin varlığını ve haklarını yok saymıştır. AB öncelikle birlik dayanışması kisvesiyle bu gerçeklikten uzak, ön yargılı, çifte standartlı politikalarını sona erdirmelidir. Kıbrıs Türklerinin Ada’nın doğal kaynakları üzerindeki hakları garanti altına alınıncaya ve 13 Temmuz 2019 önerisi çerçevesinde bir işbirliği mekanizması kurulana değin Ada’nın güneyinde de Kıbrıs Türklerinin haklarını korumaya devam edeceğimizden kimse şüphe duymamalıdır” değerlendirmesini yaptı.

    • Yavuz 8. bölgeye geçti: «Türkler burnumuzun dibini kazıyor» - Dünya Haberleri
      https://www.cnnturk.com/dunya/yavuz-8-bolgeye-gecti-turkler-burnumuzun-dibini-kaziyor

      Yavuz gemisi, Akdeniz’de Kıbrıslı Rumların parselleyip kiraladığı 8 numaralı bölgede sondaja başlıyor. Rum yönetimi, “Türkler burnumuzun dibini kazıyorlar” diye telaşlandı.

      Kıbrıs adasının batısında çalışmalarını tamamlayan Yavuz sondaj gemisi, Kıbrıslı Rumların 13 parsele ayırarak İtalyan ENI ve Fransız Total ortaklığına kiraladığı 8 numaralı parselle kesişen bölgede kazı yapacak. Yavuz’un Rumların kiraladığı parselde çalışma başlatması Rum yönetiminin, “Türkiye el koyuyor, burnumuzun dibini kazacaklar” paniğine yol açtı. Yavuz, Ada’nın güneyinde KKTC’nin verdiği ruhsat çerçevesinde çalışma yürütecek.

      Enerji Bakanı Fatih Dönmez’in geçen hafta ilan ettiği Yavuz’un yeni görev yeri “Lefkoşa-1” parselinin ‘neresi’ olduğu Rumların paniğiyle ortaya çıktı. Türk tarafının “Lefkoşa-1” adı verdiği parsel, Rumların adanın güneyini 13 parsele ayırdığı bölgenin tam orta yerinde yer alan ve İtalyan ENI ve Fransız Total’in bu yıl sondaj yapmayı planladığı 8 numaralı parsel ile üst üste geliyor. Rumların tek yanlı parsellemesine tepki olarak KKTC’nin de parsellediği ve ‘G’ bölgesinde yer alan Lefkoşa -1 parseli, Limasol kentinin yaklaşık 180 kilometre güneyinde yer alıyor. KKTC’nin parseli, Rumların 8 numaralı parselinin yaklaşık 3’te 2’si ile kesişiyor. Yavuz, 24 Mayıs’a kadar sondaj yapacak.

      AKSOY: 8 NUMARADA
      Dışişleri Bakanlığı Sözcüsü Hami Aksoy da AB’nin “Türkiye Yavuz’u doğu Akdeniz’de yeni bir göreve gönderdi” açıklamasına yanıt verirken Yavuz’un cuma günü üçüncü sondaj faaliyeti için 8 numara ruhsat sahasına intikal ettiğini belirtti. Bu sahada Kıbrıs Türklerinin de en az Kıbrıs Rumları kadar hakkı olduğunu vurgulayan Aksoy, petrol ve doğalgaz bulunursa iki tarafın geliri paylaşacağını vurguladı.

  • Irregular migration into EU at lowest level since 2013

    The number of irregular border crossings detected on the European Union’s external borders last year fell to the lowest level since 2013 due to a drop in the number of people reaching European shores via the Central and Western Mediterranean routes.

    Preliminary 2019 data collected by Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, showed a 6% fall in illegal border crossings along the EU’s external borders to just over 139 000. This is 92% below the record number set in 2015.

    The number of irregular migrants crossing the Central Mediterranean fell roughly 41% to around 14 000. Nationals of Tunisia and Sudan accounted for the largest share of detections on this route.

    The total number of irregular migrants detected in the Western Mediterranean dropped approximately 58% to around 24 000, with Moroccans and Algerians making up the largest percentage.

    Eeastern Mediterranean and Western Balkans

    Despite the general downward trend, the Eastern Mediterranean saw growing migratory pressure starting in the spring. It peaked in September and then started falling in accordance with the seasonal trend. In all of 2019, there were more than 82 000 irregular migrants detected on this route, roughly 46% more than in the previous year.

    In the second half of 2019, irregular arrivals in the region were at the highest since the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement in March 2016, although still well below the figures recorded in 2015 and early 2016 with the situation before the Statement.

    Some persons transferred from the Greek islands to the mainland appear to have continued on the Western Balkan migratory route. There has been an increase in detections on the Greek-Albanian border after the start of the Frontex joint operation in May. In the second half of the year, a significant number of detections was reported on the EU borders with Serbia.

    In total, around 14 000 irregular crossings were detected at the EU’s borders on the Western Balkan route last year – more than double the 2018 figure.

    On the Eastern Mediterranean route and the related Western Balkan route, nationals of Afghanistan and Syria accounted for over half of all registered irregular arrivals.

    Top nationality

    Overall, Afghans were the main nationality of newly arrived irregular migrants in 2019, representing almost a quarter of all arrivals. The number of Afghan migrants was nearly three times (+167%) the figure from the previous year. Roughly four out of five were registered on the Eastern Mediterranean route, while nearly all the rest on the Western Balkan route.

    The most recent available data also suggest a higher percentage of women among the newly arrived migrants in 2019. In the first ten months of last year, around 23% of migrants were women compared with 19% in 2018. EU countries counted approximately 14 600 migrant children younger than 14 in the January-October period, almost one thousand more than in all of 2018.

    https://frontex.europa.eu/media-centre/news-release/flash-report-irregular-migration-into-eu-at-lowest-level-since-2013-n

    ......

    Et comme dit Catherine Teule via la mailing-list Migreurop, qui a signalé cette info :

    Bravo Frontex !!!! ( et ses partenaires des pays tiers).
    Enfin, pas tout à fait puisque certaines « routes » ont enregistré des augmentations de flux à la fin de l’année 2019...

    #statistiques #chiffres #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Europe #2019 #frontières_extérieures #Frontex #Méditerranée #Balkans #route_des_Balkans #réfugiés_afghans

    • Parallèlement...
      Migrants : l’Europe va doubler ses opérations d’aide en matière d’asile

      Le bureau européen d’appui en matière d’asile « va voir ses déploiements opérationnels doubler en 2020 » pour atteindre 2000 personnes sur le terrain.

      L’agence européenne de l’asile a annoncé ce mardi le doublement de ses opérations en 2020, en particulier pour renforcer sa présence en #Grèce, à #Chypre et à #Malte, où l’afflux de migrants a explosé en 2019.

      Le #bureau_européen_d'appui_en_matière_d'asile (#EASO) « va voir ses déploiements opérationnels doubler en 2020 » pour atteindre 2000 personnes sur le terrain, fruit d’un #accord signé en décembre avec ces pays ainsi que l’#Italie, a souligné l’agence dans un communiqué.

      « Chypre, la Grèce et Malte verront un doublement du #personnel_EASO tandis que les déploiements en Italie seront réduits à la lumière des changements de besoins de la part des autorités » de ce pays où, à l’inverse, les arrivées par la Méditerranée ont été divisées par deux entre 2018 et 2019.

      Très loin des flux migratoires au plus fort de la crise en 2015, 110 669 migrants et réfugiés ont rallié l’Europe après avoir traversé la mer en 2019 selon les chiffres publiés par l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) de l’ONU. Soit dix fois moins que le million de personnes arrivées en 2015.

      L’an dernier, la Grèce a accueilli 62 445 de ces exilés, contre 32 742 l’année précédente. Le petit État insulaire de Malte a vu débarquer 3405 personnes, soit deux fois plus que les 1445 de 2018, tandis que 7647 migrants sont arrivés à Chypre (4307 en 2018).

      Avec quelque 550 agents en Grèce, EASO prévoit donc « trois fois plus d’assistants sociaux » et une aide plus ciblée « pour aider à la réception dans les #hotspots » comme celui de #Lesbos, où plus de 37 000 personnes s’entassent dans des conditions souvent indignes. À Chypre, les 120 personnels européens auront surtout pour mission d’aider les autorités à enregistrer et traiter les demandes d’asile.

      « Le corridor le plus meurtrier »

      La réduction du soutien européen en Italie s’explique par la chute des arrivées dans ce pays (11 471 en 2019, 23 370 en 2018, 181 000 en 2016) qui avait un temps fermé ses ports aux bateaux secourant les migrants en mer en 2019.

      Cette route de Méditerranée centrale entre l’Afrique du Nord et l’Italie « reste le corridor le plus meurtrier », a encore précisé l’OIM, qui a recensé 1283 décès connus en Méditerranée (centrale, orientale et occidentale) l’an dernier, contre près de 2.300 l’année précédente. « Comme pour Malte, EASO restera fortement impliqué dans (le processus de) #débarquement ad hoc » des bateaux portant secours aux migrants sur cette route, a ajouté le bureau européen.

      https://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/europe/migrants-l-europe-va-doubler-ses-operations-d-aide-en-matiere-d-asile_21136

  • #Julie_BINDEL : « Pourquoi une femme oserait-elle signaler un viol après ce qui est arrivé à ma fille ? »
    https://tradfem.wordpress.com/2020/01/07/%e2%80%89pourquoi-une-femme-oserait-elle-signaler-un-viol-apres-c

    Le mois dernier, je me suis rendue à Chypre pour rencontrer l’adolescente britannique condamnée pour avoir fait de fausses allégations de viol.

    Lundi dernier, un tribunal local a déclaré cette jeune fille de 19 ans coupable de « méfait public » pour avoir apparemment inventé de toutes pièces l’allégation de son viol par 12 hommes israéliens alors qu’elle travaillait à Ayia Napa. Aujourd’hui, elle a été condamnée à quatre mois de prison avec sursis et serait sur le chemin du retour.

    Son épreuve a suscité l’indignation en Grande-Bretagne, le ministère des Affaires étrangères se disant « sérieusement préoccupé quant aux garanties d’un procès équitable dans cette affaire profondément pénible » où, selon les avocats de la jeune femme, des preuves médico-légales cruciales ont été soit non recueillies soit inexplicablement jugées irrecevables par le tribunal.

    Lorsque je les rencontre, l’adolescente et sa mère vivent dans un appartement loué dans un village de vacances qui, hors saison, ressemble à une ville fantôme. Les deux sont évidemment très proches et la mère me dit fièrement que sa fille est déterminée à se battre pour obtenir justice.

    Traduction : #Tradfem
    Version originale : https://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/life/mother-ayia-napa-teen-would-woman-dare-report-rape-has-happened
    #justice_patriarcale #viol #violences_masculines #déni_de_justice #Ayia_Napa #Chypre

  • The Role of EASO Operations in National Asylum Systems: ECRE Report

    In a comparative report published today, ECRE analyses the operations of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) involving deployment of experts in the asylum procedures of Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta.

    The Agency currently has ongoing operations and over 900 staff members present in the four countries. The aims of the operations are agreed in Operating Plans with the respective Member States.

    The report gives an overview of the different areas of the asylum procedure in which the Agency supports Member State authorities, namely the registration of asylum applications, the implementation of the Dublin Regulation, the examination of asylum applications at first instance, and appeals. It also provides observations on the effectiveness of EASO operations in meeting their objectives and the impact of the Agency’s presence on the efficiency and quality of asylum procedures in the host Member States, particularly as regards the enhancement of staff capacity, the quality of decisions and the contribution to compliance with the EU asylum acquis.

    The report follows a series of fact-finding missions in Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Malta in 2018 and 2019, discussions with authorities and relevant stakeholders, as well as analysis of a small sample of decisions in selected countries.

    https://www.ecre.org/the-role-of-easo-operations-in-national-asylum-systems-ecre-report
    #EASO #Italie #Chypre #Malte #Grèce #asile #migrations #réfugiés #procédure_d'asile

    ping @isskein

  • Council of Ministers amendments on the green line code in violation of the EC Regulation

    On 27.11.2019, the Council of Ministers decided, without any consultation with either the stakeholders concerned in Cyprus or with the European Union/ Commission, to proceed to the amendment of the Code for the implementation of the Regulation of the European Council (866/2004/ΕC) on the Green Line. According to this decision:

    All people passing through the line (including Cypriot citizens, hitherto not checked) will be checked.
    Unaccompanied minors not escorted by parents will not be allowed to cross unless they have written authorisation by their parents.
    No third-country nationals (TCN) with temporary residence permit, except family members of Cypriot or other European citizens, and with long-term residence permit, will be allowed to pass through the line.
    The passage of people will be permitted for humanitarian grounds, medical reasons, etc
    In addition, the Council of Ministers has decided to submit bills to the House of Representatives for imposing administrative fines (in monetary terms) to people using ports and airports in the areas not under the control of the government, without clarifying as to whether these fines will be imposed on everyone or only on TCN.

    KISA is of the opinion that the government should have informed both Cypriot society as well as the EC for the proposed amendments to the Code for the implementation of the green line Regulation. It is not coincidental that the EC has already expressed the need for its approval of any amendments.

    KISA believes that the decision to restrict and/or prohibit the crossing of legally residing migrants through the green line constitutes prohibited discrimination and is not permitted by the Council Regulation, which renders it a direct violation of the Regulation itself.

    From a legal point of view, the government does have the right to impose universal checks of identity verification of persons passing through the line. However, as it has decided to apply the Regulation strictly 15 years later, it should do so after the setting up of the necessary infrastructe and required staff increases at the checkpoints so as to ensure people’s smooth movement. The immediate implementation of the above checks, without all the above, constitutes disproportionate restrictions and obstacles to the free movement of people through the line.

    KISA also condemns the government’s attempt to connect, by using misleading and populist rhetoric, the amendments with the management of the rising number of asylum applications, irregular migration and security for domestic audience and impressing the public as, according to point 2 (d) of the decision, «third-country nationals … are not permitted to pass through the line … unless they apply for asylum». The proposed measures that the government has connected with the increasing refugee flows to Cyprus, due to the continuing wars in the area, cannot objectively speaking bring about the objectives pursued by the government (reduction of the refugee flows), as no one can restrict the right to asylum, which is a fundamental right according to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

    Instead of the government asking for EU’s assistance and support to enable it to meet the severe pressures on the asylum system and the reception of asylum seekers in Cyprus, it will waste European and national resources on the green line checks and undue hassle of legally residing migrants as well as Cypriots at the checkpoints.

    KISA is of the opinion that the new policy entails serious risks to the Cyprus question as, on the one hand, it hinders communication and contact between the areas controlled and not under the control of the government and, on the other, it turns the green line into a hard border, which leads to deepening the division of our country, when the objective of the Regulation is to facilitate free movement of people and cooperation between the two communities.

    Finally, KISA points out that the inclusion of the Ministry of Defence in the Ministerial Committee for migration and asylum formalises the securitisation policy on migration and asylum, a policy that has contributed substantially to harbouring racism and the rise of extreme right and neo-nazi organisations in Europe.

    KISA in cooperation with other civil society organisations intends to do all it can, including through reports/complaints to European and international organisations and agencies, against these new measures.

    https://kisa.org.cy/ministerial-amendments-on-the-green-line-code-in-violation-of-the-ec-regula
    #Chypre #green_line #fermeture_des_frontières #frontières #contrôles_systématiques #libre_circulation #Chypre_du_Nord

    –----------------------

    Traduction en français:

    Une décision du conseil des ministres de la République prise de manière unilatérale sans consulter les institutions européennes visant à amender la manière dont les contrôles sont exercées aux points de passage officiels de la Ligne Verte entre la République de Chypre et la république auto-proclamée turque de Chypre Nord selon un règlement européen adopté en 2004 au moment de l’entrée du pays dans l’Union européenne.

    Jusqu’à présent les citoyen.nes européen.nes et les Chypriotes pouvaient franchir la #ligne_verte et exercer leur droit à la libre circulation, ainsi que les ressortissant.es de pays non-membres de l’UE disposant d’un droit au séjour y compris touristes en court séjour) délivré par la République de Chypre.

    Désormais toutes les personnes passant par la ligne (y compris les citoyens chypriotes, jusqu’à présent non contrôlés) seront contrôlées. Le passage de personnes sera autorisé pour des raisons humanitaires, médicales, etc.

    De plus,

    Les #mineurs_non_accompagnés qui ne sont pas escortés par leurs parents ne seront pas autorisés à traverser sans l’autorisation écrite de leurs parents
    Aucun ressortissant de pays tiers (RTC) titulaire d’un permis de séjour temporaire, à l’exception des membres de la famille de Chypriotes ou d’autres citoyens européens, et titulaire d’un permis de séjour de longue durée, ne sera autorisé à franchir cette ligne.

    « En outre, le Conseil des ministres a décidé de soumettre à la Chambre des représentants des projets de loi visant à imposer des amendes administratives (en termes monétaires) aux usagers des ports et aéroports dans les zones non contrôlées par le gouvernement, sans préciser si ces amendes seront imposées à tous ou seulement aux resortissant.es d’Etats non-membres de l’UE ».

    Selon le gouvernement, ces interdictions de passage par la ligne verte n’affecteront pas les demandeurs d’asile ainsi que le rapporte cet article du Cyprus Mail. Le parti communiste AKEL a dénoncé la mise en place d’une frontière dure (hard border).

    KISA souligne que, juridiquement, de tels contrôles systématiques et sans discrimination aucune sont légaux. L’ONG poursuit en critiquant l’absence d’infrastructure et de personnel pour ce faire, alors que le règlement autorise de tels contrôles depuis son édiction, il y a 15 ans de cela, et interprète ceci comme une décision qui restreint la mobilité de manière disproportionnée qui met en danger la liberté de circulation. KISA condamne le lien fait explicitement par le gouvernement entre l’augmentation du nombre de demandeurs d’asile, de personnes migrantes en situation irrégulière, de préoccupations sécuritaires à Chypre et la nécessité de cette décision. L’association constate que demander du soutien à l’UE pour mieux accueillir ces personnes auraient été plus judicieux que de renforcer des contrôles sur la ligne verte, une démarche coûteuse, populiste et qui met à mal les efforts de coopération entre les deux communautés de chaque côté de la ligne entamés ces dernières années.

    Pour rappel, les points de passage de la ligne verte ont été ouverts en 2004 au moment de l’entrée de l’île dans l’UE. La République de Chypre n’exerce sa souveraineté que sur une partie de l’île, mais tou.tes les Chypriotes, qu’ils/elles soient Chypriotes turcs ou grecs, sont des citoyen.nes européen.nes.
    Cette décision unilatérale donne un signal peut prometteur aux (énièmes) négociations de paix en vue d’une solution engagées sous l’égide de l’ONU et relancées à Berlin le mois dernier.

    ping @reka

  • Is NSO Group’s infamous Pegasus spyware being traded through the EU ?
    https://www.accessnow.org/is-nso-groups-infamous-pegasus-spyware-being-traded-through-the-eu

    When sophisticated surveillance systems are sold and used effectively without constraint, it puts civil society, free expression, and our democracies in the crosshairs. The brutal murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi remains a grim reminder of the vulnerability of those speaking out for human rights. In the European Union, there are export controls designed to prevent sales of these kinds of systems to certain countries with troubling human rights records. The question is, how well (...)

    #NSO #Pegasus #spyware #exportation #activisme #sécuritaire #hacking #surveillance #journalisme #web (...)

    ##NovalpinaCapital