• She Fled China’s Camps—but She’s Still Not Free – Foreign Policy

    Sayragul Sauytbay sits inside a defendants’ cage during a hearing at a court in Zharkent, Kazakhstan, on July 13, 2018.
    Ruslan Pryanikov/AFP/Getty Images

    Sayragul Sauytbay, the only person to have worked inside an internment camp in Xinjiang and spoken publicly about it, now faces an uncertain future in Kazakhstan.

    ALMATY, Kazakhstan—Speaking to a packed courthouse in eastern Kazakhstan in August 2018, Sayragul Sauytbay—an ethnic Kazakh Chinese national—provided some of the earliest testimony about Beijing’s vast internment camp system for Muslim minorities in its western Xinjiang region. As a former instructor at a camp, Sauytbay had crossed the border illegally into Kazakhstan four months earlier, as she feared internment herself, and now stood on trial with prosecutors in the Central Asian country vying for her deportation back to China.

    Sauytbay’s lawyers argued that she would be arrested or even killed for having shared knowledge of the camps, where between 800,000 and 2 million members of traditionally Muslim ethnic groups have been detained since 2017, according to U.S. State Department estimates. Despite Kazakhstan’s strong ties to Beijing, the court declined to send Sauytbay back to China. The ruling was seen as a rebuke of Kazakhstan’s powerful neighbor, and as Sauytbay was ushered out of the courtroom, she was greeted by a mob of supporters, who chanted, “Long live Kazakhstan!

    Then the previously outspoken Sauytbay went silent, engaging in a media blackout shortly after her trial. Now, six months later, the summer celebrations atop the courtroom steps look premature, with her future in Kazakhstan uncertain and pressure from China for her extradition growing.

    In an interview with Foreign Policy, Sauytbay, 42, said she fears that she may be sent back to China and that despite the August court ruling, her status in the country remains in limbo. Facing a growing set of obstacles—from attempts to ensure her silence to absent legal representation to having been repeatedly denied asylum status by the government—she said her time in Kazakhstan, where her husband and two children are both citizens, could be coming to an end.

    I am an inconvenient witness. I saw everything [in the camps],” Sauytbay said in a late January interview. “I can’t say that [China is] afraid of me, but they want me to keep silent.

    As the only person to have worked inside an internment camp in Xinjiang and spoken publicly about it, Sauytbay remains a particular liability for Beijing as it seeks to curb the mounting international criticism around its mass internment system.

    I’d love nothing more than to get asylum in Kazakhstan and be a happy mom with my children,” Sauytbay said. “But I don’t know if that is possible anymore. I can’t exclude pressure from the Chinese side on the government of Kazakhstan.

    Sauytbay said she remains conflicted about what to do. She is still committed to finding a way to have her status formalized in Kazakhstan, but she also feels a sense of duty to keep speaking out about the abuses she witnessed. Sauytbay reiterated claims she made during her hearing in August that she was granted access to classified documents that offered new insights about the inner workings of the network of camps in Xinjiang but refused to disclose any details.

    I don’t want to talk about that until I have some kind of protection,” she said. “I’d prefer that protection to come from Kazakhstan, but I might need help from other countries.

    Beijing made efforts to ensure Sauytbay’s silence. As first reported by the Globe and Mail, she received news that members of her family still in Xinjiang had been arrested and possibly sent to a camp by Chinese authorities during her trial in Kazakhstan. Sauytbay said she believes the arrests were in retaliation for her releasing information about the internment system in China and that a few months after her post-trial silence, she received word from contacts in Xinjiang that her family had been released and were now back home.

    Sauytbay also said a small group of people, unknown to her, came to her house after the trial and told her to keep silent. The small group of Kazakh-speaking men spoke in vague terms about the Chinese government’s policies in Xinjiang and said there would be consequences for her and her family if she spoke out again.

  • Erik Prince company to build training center in China’s Xinjiang | Reuters

    BEIJING (Reuters) - Hong Kong-listed Frontier Services Group (FSG), co-founded by former U.S. military services contractor Erik Prince, has signed a deal to build a training base in China’s far western region of Xinjiang, the company said in a statement.

    Xinjiang is an important part of China’s sprawling Belt and Road infrastructure network but the region has faced attacks blamed on members of the Muslim ethnic Uighur minority, to which the government has responded with a security clampdown that has drawn condemnation from rights groups and Western governments.

    #Chine #blackwater (ex)

    • Les perspectives de marché dans le secteur de l’intervention armée et du maintien de l’ordre sont excellentes. Je crois que je vais vite réorienter mes investissements sur ces créneaux porteurs.

      En même temps, ce n’est pas si surprenant, mais c’est tellement désespérant !

  • The Belt and Road Initiative Is a Corruption Bonanza – Foreign Policy

    Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak (left) shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping during the welcome ceremony for the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing on May 15, 2017.
    Kenzaburo Fukuhara-Pool/Getty Images

    The Belt and Road Initiative Is a Corruption Bonanza
    Despots and crooks are using China’s infrastructure project to stay in power—with Beijing’s help.

    When former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak was ousted from office in May 2018, it’s possible that no one was more dismayed than officials in Beijing.

    … alors que l’achat de F-35 états-uniens, de Rafales français ou de sous-marins allemands se fait en toute transparence…

  • #Huang_Qi, Online Dissident and Rights Advocate in China, Faces Trial

    One of China’s most prominent human rights activists, the blogger Huang Qi, went on trial on Monday on charges of leaking state secrets, and American diplomats seeking to attend the proceedings said they had been denied access.

    The trial has drawn intense international attention, in part because Mr. Huang, 55, has nephritis, a potentially fatal kidney disease. In addition, Mr. Huang’s 85-year-old mother recently traveled from their home in Sichuan Province to Beijing to ask foreign embassies there for help in obtaining his release, but she was reportedly beaten and is now detained in a hospital.
    #Chine #répression #procès #persécution #droits_humains

    • Il y a bien du #shutdown dans l’air, chapeau de Nature :

      Update, 9 January: The release of the World Magnetic Model has been postponed to 30 January due to the ongoing US government shutdown.

      avec les conséquences pratiques (imperceptibles, pour the rest of the world)

      Beggan said the recent shifts in the north magnetic pole would be unnoticed by most people outside the Arctic, for instance using smartphones in New York, Beijing or London.

      Navigation systems in cars or phones rely on radio waves from satellites high above the Earth to pinpoint their position on the ground.

      It doesn’t really affect mid or low latitudes,” Beggan said. “It wouldn’t really affect anyone driving a car.

      Many smartphones have inbuilt compasses to help to orientate maps or games such as Pokemon Go. In most places, however, the compass would be pointing only fractionally wrong, within errors allowed in the five-year models, Beggan said.

  • Chinese rover powers up devices in pioneering moon mission

    In this photo provided on Jan. 4, 2019, by China National Space Administration via Xinhua News Agency, Yutu-2, China’s lunar rover, leaves wheel marks after leaving the lander that touched down on the surface of the far side of the moon. China’s space agency says that all systems are go for its spacecraft and rover that have made a pioneering landing on the far side of the moon.
    China National Space Administration/Xinhua News Agency via AP

    All systems are go as a Chinese spacecraft and rover power up their observation equipment after making a first-ever landing on the far side of the moon, the Chinese National Space Administration said.

    The #Jade_Rabbit_2 rover has succeeded in establishing a digital transmission link with a relay satellite that sends data back to the Beijing control center, the space agency said in a posting late Friday on its website.

    The rover’s radar and panoramic camera have been activated and are working normally, it said. A photo released by the agency showed the rover stopped at a point not far from where the Chang’e 4 spacecraft touched down Thursday.

    Chang’e 4, named after a Chinese moon goddess, is the first craft to make a soft landing on the moon’s far side, which faces away from Earth. Previous landings, including one by China’s Chang’e 3 in 2013, have been on the near side.

    • Lapin lunaire — Wikipédia

      Lapin lunaire surligné.
      Pas d’auteur lisible par la machine identifié.

      Le lapin lunaire, ou lièvre de jade (chinois : #玉兔 ; pinyin : yù tù ; littéralement : « lapin de jade »), est une forme de lapin visible par #paréidolie sur la Lune. L’histoire d’un lapin vivant sur la Lune existe dans de nombreuses cultures, notamment dans la mythologie aztèque et dans le folklore de l’Asie de l’Est, où il utilise un mortier et un pilon.

    • La Chine diffuse une photo à 360 degrés de la face cachée de la Lune

      Après avoir aluni le 3 janvier, la mission Chang’e-4 est, jusqu’ici, un « succès total », a salué vendredi la Chine.

      Les images sont impressionnantes. La Chine a dévoilé, vendredi 11 janvier, une photo panoramique de la face cachée de la Lune, montrant un paysage gris et parsemé de cratères, envoyée par la sonde lunaire qui a aluni début janvier. Ces images ont été transformées en image virtuelle à 360°, visible ci-dessus, par l’enseignant agrégé de physique-chimie, Thomas Appéré.
      Cet alunissage de la mission Chang’e-4 est le premier en douceur de l’histoire sur cet hémisphère de la Lune qui tourne le dos en permanence à la Terre. Il s’agit d’une étape cruciale de l’ambitieux programme spatial chinois. Et, jusqu’ici, c’est un « succès total » a salué, vendredi, la Chine.

      Un petit robot téléguidé à roues Yutu-2 (Lapin de Jade 2), qui a quitté l’atterrisseur, évolue désormais sur la surface lunaire afin d’y réaliser des analyses. Un appareil photo est installé sur cette sonde qui a pris le cliché publié, vendredi, par l’agence spatiale chinoise CNSA.

      Les cratères situés près du robot téléguidé – dont un large de vingt mètres et profond de quatre mètres – constitueront un défi pour les ingénieurs chargés d’élaborer son parcours, a fait savoir Li Chunlai, le commandant en chef du système d’application au sol de la mission Chang’e-4, cité par l’agence officielle Chine nouvelle.

      La sonde Chang’e-4, le Lapin de Jade 2, ainsi que le satellite Queqiao chargé de renvoyer les informations sur Terre « sont dans un état stable et tous les programmes se déroulent comme prévu », fait savoir la CNSA dans un communiqué. La mission va, désormais, « aborder l’étape de l’exploration scientifique », poursuit le texte.

      Equipée d’instruments chinois, allemand et suédois, la sonde Chang’e-4 doit mener des études portant sur l’environnement lunaire, le rayonnement cosmique et l’interaction entre le vent solaire et la surface de la lune, a fait savoir à la télévision publique CCTV Zhang Hongbo, l’ingénieur en chef du système d’application au sol. Les scientifiques pensent que la face cachée de la Lune est une zone cruciale pour en savoir davantage sur la structure interne et l’évolution des températures sur l’astre lunaire.

  • China says pace of Xinjiang ’education’ will slow, but defends camps

    China will not back down on what it sees as a highly successful de-radicalisation program in Xinjiang that has attracted global concern, but fewer people will be sent through, officials said last week in allowing rare media access there.

    Beijing has faced an outcry from activists, scholars, foreign governments and U.N. rights experts over what they call mass detentions and strict surveillance of the mostly Muslim Uighur minority and other Muslim groups who call Xinjiang home.

    In August, a U.N. human rights panel said it had received credible reports that a million or more Uighurs and other minorities in the far western region are being held in what resembles a “massive internment camp.”

    Last week, the government organized a visit to three such facilities, which it calls vocational education training centers, for a small group of foreign reporters, including Reuters.

    In recent days, a similar visit was arranged for diplomats from 12 non-Western countries, including Russia, Indonesia, India, Thailand, Kazakhstan, according to Xinjiang officials and foreign diplomats.
    #Chine #Ouïghour #rééducation #camps

    Commentaire de Kenneth Roth sur twitter:

    The million Uighur Muslims whom China is detaining until they renounce Islam and their ethnicity, they must be happy, right? During a staged visit, they were forced to sing, in English, “If You’re Happy and You Know It, Clap Your Hands.” End of story.

    ping @reka

  • Marriott Data Breach Is Traced to Chinese Hackers as U.S. Readies Crackdown on Beijing

    The cyberattack on the Marriott hotel chain that collected personal details of roughly 500 million guests was part of a Chinese intelligence-gathering effort that also hacked health insurers and the security clearance files of millions more Americans, according to two people briefed on the investigation. The hackers, they said, are suspected of working on behalf of the Ministry of State Security, the country’s Communist-controlled civilian spy agency. The discovery comes as the Trump (...)

    #Marriott #hacking

  • China’s losing its taste for nuclear power. That’s bad news. - MIT Technology Review

    Most beautiful wedding photos taken at a nuclear power plant” might just be the strangest competition ever. But by inviting couples to celebrate their nuptials at the Daya Bay plant in Shenzhen and post the pictures online, China General Nuclear Power (CGN), the country’s largest nuclear power operator, got lots of favorable publicity.
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    A year later, the honeymoon is over.

    For years, as other countries have shied away from nuclear power, China has been its strongest advocate. Of the four reactors that started up worldwide in 2017, three were in China and the fourth was built by Beijing-based China National Nuclear Corp. (CNNC) in Pakistan. China’s domestic nuclear generation capacity grew by 24% in the first 10 months of 2018.

    The country has the capacity to build 10 to 12 nuclear reactors a year. But though reactors begun several years ago are still coming online, the industry has not broken ground on a new plant in China since late 2016, according to a recent World Nuclear Industry Status Report.

    Officially China still sees nuclear power as a must-have. But unofficially, the technology is on a death watch. Experts, including some with links to the government, see China’s nuclear sector succumbing to the same problems affecting the West: the technology is too expensive, and the public doesn’t want it.

    #Nucléaire #Chine

  • How Cheap Labor Drives China’s A.I. Ambitions - The New York Times

    Workers at the headquarters of Ruijin Technology Company in Jiaxian, in central China’s Henan Province. They identify objects in images to help artificial intelligence make sense of the world.
    CreditCreditYan Cong for The New York Times

    Some of the most critical work in advancing China’s technology goals takes place in a former cement factory in the middle of the country’s heartland, far from the aspiring Silicon Valleys of Beijing and Shenzhen. An idled concrete mixer still stands in the middle of the courtyard. Boxes of melamine dinnerware are stacked in a warehouse next door.

    Inside, Hou Xiameng runs a company that helps artificial intelligence make sense of the world. Two dozen young people go through photos and videos, labeling just about everything they see. That’s a car. That’s a traffic light. That’s bread, that’s milk, that’s chocolate. That’s what it looks like when a person walks.

    I used to think the machines are geniuses,” Ms. Hou, 24, said. “Now I know we’re the reason for their genius.

    • via Antonio A. Casili sur FB, qui l’accompagne de ces utiles compléments :

      Ce n’est pas vraiment une surprise : d’après cette enquête du New York Times, derrière le système de reconnaissance faciale Face++ du chinois Megvii Technology, des micro-tâcherons qui, avec leur travail du clic, entraînent des IA depuis une ancienne usine de ciment. Là où ça redevient intéressant (et où l’enquête du New York Times s’interrompt) c’est quand on va fouiller sur les sites de sous-traitance de la tech chinoise et internationale, avec un petit coup de pouce de collègues sinophones que ma discrétion m’interdit de nommer ici. On y découvre l’étendue du portefeuille clients de la Nangong Yunzhi Data Processing, la petite usine à clics à laquelle le New York Times fait la part belle.

      Tout d’abord, ses micro-travailleur•ses font pas mal de classification de produits pour entraîner les algorithmes de recommandation des plateformes d’e-commerce, comme Jingdong & Taobao. Ils s’adonnent aussi à l’annotation audio pour l’entreprise spécialisée en traduction automatique SpeechOcean (contrôlée de la Beijing Haitian Ruisheng Science Technology Ltd., qui a son tour marchande des corpus annotés pour traduction et analyse lexicale sur sa propre plateforme, King Line Data Center).

      Après quoi, on sort les gros calibres, avec de la reconnaissance d’images pour Baidu Total View, concurrent chinois de Google Street View (pour la petite histoire, Google Street View semble recruter beaucoup moins de micro-travailleurs parce que... ses images sont largement reconnues par ses utilisateur•rices mêmes, digital laborers « gratuit•es », à l’aide des reCAPTCHA visuels).

      L’un des clients les plus inquiétants est Tencent, pour lequel notre usine à clics fait de la retranscription speech-to-text. Le géant chinois de la messagerie possède, entre autres, la communauté QQ et l’application WeChat avec son important trafic de voix-sur-IP et sa fonctionnalité de retranscription « automatique » de messages vocaux. Comme quoi, quand vous parlez dans ce machin, il y a toujours des chances que quelqu’un vous écoute pour retranscrire en temps quasi-réel ou pour corriger des transcriptions défectueuses de l’appli même. Bonjour, la privacy.
      Et à propos de privacy, notre Nangong Yunzhi Data Processing compte parmi ses projets la labellisation et la prépration des pièces d’identités indonésiennes — les tristement célèbres e-KTP qui contiennent une quantité pharamineuse de données biométriques et concernent plus de 100 millions de citoyen•nes.

      Enfin, le must : du véhicule autonome ! Plus précisément, de l’entraînement du système de reconnaissance faciale embarqué des véhicules NIO—nécessaire pour éviter vols, fraudes à l’assurance, ou vérifier que le conducteur ne soit pas distrait. Et oui, le « conducteur ». Parce qu’évidemment une voiture « driverless » doit toujours être conduit par quelqu’un.

      A suivre...

  • China blacklists millions of people from booking flights as ’social credit’ system introduced | The Independent

    Millions of Chinese nationals have been blocked from booking flights or trains as Beijing seeks to implement its controversial “social credit” system, which allows the government to closely monitor and judge each of its 1.3 billion citizens based on their behaviour and activity.

    The system, to be rolled out by 2020, aims to make it “difficult to move” for those deemed “untrustworthy”, according to a detailed plan published by the government this week.

    #contrôle #surveillance #it_has_begun
    It will be used to reward or punish people and organisations for “trustworthiness” across a range of measures.

  • China blacklists millions of people from booking flights as ’social credit’ system introduced

    Officials say aim is to make it ‘difficult to move’ for those deemed ‘untrustworthy’.

    Millions of Chinese nationals have been blocked from booking flights or trains as Beijing seeks to implement its controversial “#social_credit” system, which allows the government to closely monitor and judge each of its 1.3 billion citizens based on their behaviour and activity.

    The system, to be rolled out by 2020, aims to make it “difficult to move” for those deemed “untrustworthy”, according to a detailed plan published by the government this week.

    It will be used to reward or punish people and organisations for “trustworthiness” across a range of measures.

    A key part of the plan not only involves blacklisting people with low social credibility scores, but also “publicly disclosing the records of enterprises and individuals’ untrustworthiness on a regular basis”.

    The plan stated: “We will improve the credit blacklist system, publicly disclose the records of enterprises and individuals’ untrustworthiness on a regular basis, and form a pattern of distrust and punishment.”

    For those deemed untrustworthy, “everywhere is limited, and it is difficult to move, so that those who violate the law and lose the trust will pay a heavy price”.

    The credit system is already being rolled out in some areas and in recent months the Chinese state has blocked millions of people from booking flights and high-speed trains.

    According to the state-run news outlet Global Times, as of May this year, the government had blocked 11.14 million people from flights and 4.25 million from taking high-speed train trips.

    The state has also begun to clamp down on luxury options: 3 million people are barred from getting business class train tickets, according to Channel News Asia.

    The aim, according to Hou Yunchun, former deputy director of the development research centre of the State Council, is to make “discredited people become bankrupt”, he said earlier this year.

    The eastern state of Hangzou, southwest of Shanghai, is one area where a social credit system is already in place.

    People are awarded credit points for activities such as undertaking volunteer work and giving blood donations while those who violate traffic laws and charge “under-the-table” fees are punished.

    Other infractions reportedly include smoking in non-smoking zones, buying too many video games and posting fake news online.

    Punishments are not clearly detailed in the government plan, but beyond making travel difficult, are also believed to include slowing internet speeds, reducing access to good schools for individuals or their children, banning people from certain jobs, preventing booking at certain hotels and losing the right to own pets.

    When plans for the social credit scheme were first announced in 2014, the government said the aim was to “broadly shape a thick atmosphere in the entire society that keeping trust is glorious and breaking trust is disgraceful”.

    As well as the introduction in Beijing, the government plans a rapid national rollout. “We will implement a unified system of credit rating codes nationwide,” the country’s latest five-year plan stated.

    The move comes as Beijing also faces international scrutiny over its treatment of a Muslim minority group, who have been told to turn themselves in to authorities if they observe practices such as abstention from alcohol.

    #Hami city government in the far-western #Xinjiang region said people “poisoned by extremism, terrorism and separatism” would be treated leniently if they surrendered within the next 30 days.

    As many as a million Muslim Uighurs are believed to have been rounded up and placed in “re-education” centres, in what China claims is a clampdown on religious extremism.
    #Chine #surveillance #contrôle #liberté_de_mouvement #liberté_de_circulation #mobilité #crédit_social #comportement #liste_noire #volontariat #points #don_de_sang #alcool #extrémisme #terrorisme #séparatisme #Ouïghours

    via @isskein

  • Is the World Ready for #self-driving cars?

    The self-driving Audi R8 is a car model produced by Audi and owned by Tony Stark. It first appeared in Avengers: Age of UltronSelf-driving cars are prowling the streets of California, Paris, London, Singapore and Beijing. Intel says, that the driverless tech will add $7 trillion to the global economy and save hundreds of thousands of lives in the next few decades. Also, it will devastate the car industry and its associated gas stations, drive-thrus, taxi drivers, and truckers.Some people will benefit. Many will damage.This article takes a look at the #future of self-driving cars. But first, let’s look at exactly what a driverless car is.What is a Self-driving Car? And How Does It Work?A self-driving car, also known as a robot car, autonomous car, or driverless car, is a vehicle that is (...)

    #self-driving-cars #automotive-industry #automotive

  • Water crisis puts trade war into perspective for China | Asia Times

    China’s trade war with the United States has tended to dominate the news agenda in the past year. But a bigger challenge for Beijing could be the threat of a water crisis which would submerge the world’s second-largest economy and wash away growth.

    Two reports by Greenpeace East Asia and, an independent, non-profit organization, have highlighted the risks that President Xi Jinping’s administration faces because of climate change and homegrown #pollution.

    Earlier this week, Greenpeace released research showing that glaciers in the western China provinces of Qinghai and Gansu, as well as the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, are rapidly melting, causing natural disasters and reducing the drinking-water supply.

    #Chine #Climat #eau

  • Is wearing a face mask the new normal for Californians? TreeHugger

    It seems almost petty to be complaining about air quality in San Francisco when so many people are dead or missing from the actual Camp Fire in California. However, the fact remains that, right now, the air quality in the City is the worst in the world, worse than Delhi, worse than Beijing.

    #air #Californie

  • La Chine abandonne-t-elle les Palestiniens ?
    Ramzy Baroud & Romana Rubeo - 23 octobre 2018 – Al-Jazeera – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Lotfallah

    Réunion entre les dirigeants chinois et la délégation palestinienne lors d’un voyage officiel de l’Autorité de Ramallah - Juillet 2017 - Photo :

    La Chine semble avancer ses pions comme si elle pouvait être à la fois pro-palestinienne et pro-israélienne.

    Le vice-président chinois Wang Qishan est arrivé lundi en Israël pour une visite de quatre jours, conduisant le quatrième Comité d’innovation Chine-Israël. Il est le plus haut responsable chinois à se rendre en Israël depuis près de 20 ans.

    En avril 2000, l’ancien président de la Chine, Jiang Zemin, avait été le premier dirigeant chinois à se rendre en Israël. Il avait visité le musée de l’Holocauste Yad Vashem et renforcé les liaisons diplomatiques avec ses homologues israéliens. Il a ensuite parlé des intentions de la Chine de consolider le lien entre les deux pays.

    La visite de Wang Qishan, cependant, est différente. Le « lien » entre Beijing et Tel-Aviv est beaucoup plus développé qu’il ne l’était à l’époque, comme cela apparaît dans les chiffres. Peu de temps après l’échange de missions diplomatiques entre les deux pays en 1992, les échanges commerciaux ont commencé à se développer. La taille des investissements chinois en Israël a augmenté de manière exponentielle, passant de 50 millions de dollars au début des années 90 à 16,5 milliards de dollars, selon les estimations de 2016. (...)

    • Israël et la Chine resserrent leurs liens économiques
      Par Thierry Oberlé Mis à jour le 24/10/2018

      Bienvenue en Israël ! L’État hébreu accueille pour la première fois depuis dix-huit ans un haut responsable chinois. Le vice-président Wang Qishan, qui effectue une visite de quatre jours, a été reçu lundi soir par Benyamin Nétanyahou et a participé, ce mercredi, avec le premier ministre israélien, à la quatrième réunion de la commission conjointe Chine-Israël sur la coopération et l’innovation.

      Ces rencontres marquent une nouvelle étape dans le rapprochement économique entre les deux pays, qui ont lancé en 2016 des discussions sur un traité de libre-échange. L’an dernier, à l’issue d’un voyage à Pékin de Benyamin Nétanyahou, des accords ont facilité l’exportation de produits laitiers israéliens vers la Chine et autorisé les Chinois à venir travailler dans le secteur du BTP en Israël. Pékin a investi ces dernières années en Israël 25 milliards de dollars.

      Un groupe public chinois a pris le contrôle de Tnuva, le principal groupe alimentaire israélien ...

  • China embraces a revolution in genetic testing, seeking answers on destiny and identity

    BEIJING — It was from the news of American actress Angelina Jolie’s double mastectomy that Yang Yang learned it would be possible to have her DNA sequenced. A white-collar worker from Chongqing, a major city in southwest China, Yang admired her idol’s decision in 2013 to take her future into her own hands after a genetic test revealed a high risk of breast cancer. Five years later, Yang has discovered that genetic testing services are not only available to Hollywood stars, but also to the (...)

    #23Mofang #biométrie #génétique

  • China Acknowledges Re-Education Centers for Uighurs - WSJ
    Uighur security personnel patrolled near a mosque in Kashgar in northwestern China’s Xinjiang region in November.

    Beijing had previously denied it was detaining members of the ethnic minority in centers, a campaign that has sparked an international outcry

    BEIJING—China has retroactively changed the law to legitimize its detention of hundreds of thousands of Muslim Uighurs in a campaign that has sparked an international outcry over human rights abuses against the ethnic minority.

    The amended counterterrorism regulations, adopted Tuesday in the northwest Xinjiang region where most Uighurs live, say that authorities can use “vocational skills training centers” to “deradicalize” people suspected of extremism. The previous rules made no reference to vocational centers.

    The new rules appear to mark the first time China has acknowledged its use of vocational centers to detain Xinjiang residents for “transformation through education.” Senior Chinese officials have maintained—including before a United Nations panel in August—that the centers taught vocational skills to petty criminals. It had disputed reports the centers were used for “political re-education.

    The new regulations “establish a much more direct link between re-education and vocational skills training,” said Adrian Zenz, a researcher on the Xinjiang camps at the European School of Culture and Theology in Germany.

  • China denies Hong Kong port visit for U.S. navy ship amid trade tensions | Reuters

    U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Zachary L. Borden
    (via WP)

    China has denied a request for a U.S. warship to visit Hong Kong, the U.S. consulate in the Chinese city said on Tuesday, amid rising tension between Beijing and Washington over trade and a U.S. decision to sanction the Asian nation’s military.

    The amphibious assault ship Wasp had been due to make a port call in the former British colony of Hong Kong in October, diplomatic sources said.

  • Qatargas agrees on 22-year LNG supply deal with China | Reuters

    Qatargas said on Monday it had agreed on a 22-year deal with PetroChina International Co, a unit of PetroChina Co, to supply China with around 3.4 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) annually, as the nation stepped up efforts to combat air pollution.

    The Qatari state-owned company will supply LNG from the Qatargas 2 project - a venture between Qatar Petroleum, Exxon Mobil Corp and Total - to receiving terminals across China, with the first cargo to be delivered this month.

    The deal allows flexibility in delivering LNG to Chinese terminals including those in Dalian, Jiangsu, Tangshan and Shenzhen, using the Qatargas fleet of 70 conventional, Q-Flex and Q-Max vessels, the company said.

    China requires LNG for its push to replace coal with cleaner burning natural gas, a way to reduce air pollution. After Beijing started the program last year, China has overtaken South Korea as the world’s second-biggest buyer of LNG.

    China’s LNG imports may surge 70 percent to 65 million tonnes by 2020, according to consultancy SIA Energy. Last year, China imported a record 38.1 million tonnes, 46 percent more than the previous year.

    Meanwhile Qatar, the world’s biggest LNG producer, is seeking buyers for a planned expansion of its output.

    C’est pas avec ce genre de contrats que le Qatar va se faire bien voire des É.-U. !

  • Google, Seeking a Return to China, Is Said to Be Building a Censored Search Engine

    Google withdrew from China eight years ago to protest the country’s censorship and online hacking. Now, the internet giant is working on a censored search engine for China that will filter websites and search terms that are blacklisted by the Chinese government, according to two people with knowledge of the plans. Google has teams of engineers working on a search app that restricts content banned by Beijing, said the people, who asked for anonymity because they were not permitted to speak (...)

    #Google #Facebook #GoogleSearch #algorithme #Dragonfly #censure #StateControl #web (...)


  • China as a conflict mediator: Maintaining stability along the Belt and Road | Mercator Institute for China Studies

    y Helena Legarda and Marie L. Hoffmann

    Recent years have seen significant changes in China’s international mediation activities. In countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Syria and Israel, among others, diplomats from China increasingly engage in preventing, managing or resolving conflict. In 2017 Beijing was mediating in nine conflicts, a visible increase compared to only three in 2012, the year when Xi Jinping took power as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

    The increase in Chinese mediation activities began in 2013, the year that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was launched. Before that, Beijing was relatively reluctant to engage in conflict resolution abroad. As the MERICS mapping shows, the year 2008 is an outlier in that regard. China’s activities at the time – such as its efforts to mediate between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, or between Sudan and South Sudan – were probably part of Beijing’s charm offensive and its drive to gain more international visibility in the run-up to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

    #route_de_la_soie #belt_road #chine #eurasie #europe #transport #corridor #corridor_multimodal

  • Who needs democracy when you have data? - MIT Technology Review

    Hu Jintao, China’s leader from 2002 to 2012, had attempted to solve these problems by permitting a modest democratic thaw, allowing avenues for grievances to reach the ruling class. His successor, Xi Jinping, has reversed that trend. Instead, his strategy for understanding and responding to what is going on in a nation of 1.4 billion relies on a combination of surveillance, AI, and big data to monitor people’s lives and behavior in minute detail.

    As far as we know, there is no single master blueprint linking technology and governance in China. But there are several initiatives that share a common strategy of harvesting data about people and companies to inform decision-making and create systems of incentives and punishments to influence behavior. These initiatives include the State Council’s 2014 “Social Credit System,” the 2016 Cybersecurity Law, various local-level and private-enterprise experiments in “social credit,” “smart city” plans, and technology-driven policing in the western region of Xinjiang. Often they involve partnerships between the government and China’s tech companies.

    The most far-reaching is the Social Credit System, though a better translation in English might be the “trust” or “reputation” system. The government plan, which covers both people and businesses, lists among its goals the “construction of sincerity in government affairs, commercial sincerity, and judicial credibility.” (“Everybody in China has an auntie who’s been swindled. There is a legitimate need to address a breakdown in public trust,” says Paul Triolo, head of the geotechnology practice at the consultancy Eurasia Group.) To date, it’s a work in progress, though various pilots preview how it might work in 2020, when it is supposed to be fully implemented.

    Blacklists are the system’s first tool. For the past five years, China’s court system has published the names of people who haven’t paid fines or complied with judgments. Under new social-credit regulations, this list is shared with various businesses and government agencies. People on the list have found themselves blocked from borrowing money, booking flights, and staying at luxury hotels. China’s national transport companies have created additional blacklists, to punish riders for behavior like blocking train doors or picking fights during a journey; offenders are barred from future ticket purchases for six or 12 months. Earlier this year, Beijing debuted a series of blacklists to prohibit “dishonest” enterprises from being awarded future government contracts or land grants.

    A few local governments have experimented with social-credit “scores,” though it’s not clear if they will be part of the national plan.

    “The idea of social credit is to monitor and manage how people and institutions behave,” says Samantha Hoffman of the Mercator Institute for China Studies in Berlin. “Once a violation is recorded in one part of the system, it can trigger responses in other parts of the system. It’s a concept designed to support both economic development and social management, and it’s inherently political.” Some parallels to parts of China’s blueprint already exist in the US: a bad credit score can prevent you from taking out a home loan, while a felony conviction suspends or annuls your right to vote, for example. “But they’re not all connected in the same way—there’s no overarching plan,” Hoffman points out.

    One of the biggest concerns is that because China lacks an independent judiciary, citizens have no recourse for disputing false or inaccurate allegations.

    In the last two years thousands of checkpoints have been set up at which passersby must present both their face and their national ID card to proceed on a highway, enter a mosque, or visit a shopping mall. Uighurs are required to install government-­designed tracking apps on their smartphones, which monitor their online contacts and the web pages they’ve visited. Police officers visit local homes regularly to collect further data on things like how many people live in the household, what their relationships with their neighbors are like, how many times people pray daily, whether they have traveled abroad, and what books they have.

    All these data streams are fed into Xinjiang’s public security system, along with other records capturing information on everything from banking history to family planning. “The computer program aggregates all the data from these different sources and flags those who might become ‘a threat’ to authorities,” says Wang. Though the precise algorithm is unknown, it’s believed that it may highlight behaviors such as visiting a particular mosque, owning a lot of books, buying a large quantity of gasoline, or receiving phone calls or email from contacts abroad. People it flags are visited by police, who may take them into custody and put them in prison or in reeducation camps without any formal charges.

    #Chine #Surveillance #Social_ranking #Social_credits

  • Beijing’s Big Brother Tech Needs African Faces

    Zimbabwe is signing up for China’s surveillance state, but its citizens will pay the price. Daily life in China is gated by security technology, from the body scanners and X-ray machines at every urban metro station to the demand for ID numbers on social media platforms so that dangerous speech can be traced and punished. Technologies once seen as potentially empowering the public have become tools for an increasingly dictatorial government—tools that Beijing is now determined to sell to the (...)

    #ZTE #algorithme #CCTV #biométrie #facial #surveillance #vidéo-surveillance #CloudWalk #Hikvision (...)