city:beijing

  • Marriott Data Breach Is Traced to Chinese Hackers as U.S. Readies Crackdown on Beijing
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/11/us/politics/trump-china-trade.html

    The cyberattack on the Marriott hotel chain that collected personal details of roughly 500 million guests was part of a Chinese intelligence-gathering effort that also hacked health insurers and the security clearance files of millions more Americans, according to two people briefed on the investigation. The hackers, they said, are suspected of working on behalf of the Ministry of State Security, the country’s Communist-controlled civilian spy agency. The discovery comes as the Trump (...)

    #Marriott #hacking


  • China’s losing its taste for nuclear power. That’s bad news. - MIT Technology Review
    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612564/chinas-losing-its-taste-for-nuclear-power-thats-bad-news

    Most beautiful wedding photos taken at a nuclear power plant” might just be the strangest competition ever. But by inviting couples to celebrate their nuptials at the Daya Bay plant in Shenzhen and post the pictures online, China General Nuclear Power (CGN), the country’s largest nuclear power operator, got lots of favorable publicity.
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    A year later, the honeymoon is over.

    For years, as other countries have shied away from nuclear power, China has been its strongest advocate. Of the four reactors that started up worldwide in 2017, three were in China and the fourth was built by Beijing-based China National Nuclear Corp. (CNNC) in Pakistan. China’s domestic nuclear generation capacity grew by 24% in the first 10 months of 2018.

    The country has the capacity to build 10 to 12 nuclear reactors a year. But though reactors begun several years ago are still coming online, the industry has not broken ground on a new plant in China since late 2016, according to a recent World Nuclear Industry Status Report.

    Officially China still sees nuclear power as a must-have. But unofficially, the technology is on a death watch. Experts, including some with links to the government, see China’s nuclear sector succumbing to the same problems affecting the West: the technology is too expensive, and the public doesn’t want it.

    #Nucléaire #Chine



  • How Cheap Labor Drives China’s A.I. Ambitions - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/25/business/china-artificial-intelligence-labeling.html


    Workers at the headquarters of Ruijin Technology Company in Jiaxian, in central China’s Henan Province. They identify objects in images to help artificial intelligence make sense of the world.
    CreditCreditYan Cong for The New York Times

    Some of the most critical work in advancing China’s technology goals takes place in a former cement factory in the middle of the country’s heartland, far from the aspiring Silicon Valleys of Beijing and Shenzhen. An idled concrete mixer still stands in the middle of the courtyard. Boxes of melamine dinnerware are stacked in a warehouse next door.

    Inside, Hou Xiameng runs a company that helps artificial intelligence make sense of the world. Two dozen young people go through photos and videos, labeling just about everything they see. That’s a car. That’s a traffic light. That’s bread, that’s milk, that’s chocolate. That’s what it looks like when a person walks.

    I used to think the machines are geniuses,” Ms. Hou, 24, said. “Now I know we’re the reason for their genius.

    • via Antonio A. Casili sur FB, qui l’accompagne de ces utiles compléments :

      Ce n’est pas vraiment une surprise : d’après cette enquête du New York Times, derrière le système de reconnaissance faciale Face++ du chinois Megvii Technology, des micro-tâcherons qui, avec leur travail du clic, entraînent des IA depuis une ancienne usine de ciment. Là où ça redevient intéressant (et où l’enquête du New York Times s’interrompt) c’est quand on va fouiller sur les sites de sous-traitance de la tech chinoise et internationale, avec un petit coup de pouce de collègues sinophones que ma discrétion m’interdit de nommer ici. On y découvre l’étendue du portefeuille clients de la Nangong Yunzhi Data Processing, la petite usine à clics à laquelle le New York Times fait la part belle.

      Tout d’abord, ses micro-travailleur•ses font pas mal de classification de produits pour entraîner les algorithmes de recommandation des plateformes d’e-commerce, comme Jingdong & Taobao. Ils s’adonnent aussi à l’annotation audio pour l’entreprise spécialisée en traduction automatique SpeechOcean (contrôlée de la Beijing Haitian Ruisheng Science Technology Ltd., qui a son tour marchande des corpus annotés pour traduction et analyse lexicale sur sa propre plateforme, King Line Data Center).

      Après quoi, on sort les gros calibres, avec de la reconnaissance d’images pour Baidu Total View, concurrent chinois de Google Street View (pour la petite histoire, Google Street View semble recruter beaucoup moins de micro-travailleurs parce que... ses images sont largement reconnues par ses utilisateur•rices mêmes, digital laborers « gratuit•es », à l’aide des reCAPTCHA visuels).

      L’un des clients les plus inquiétants est Tencent, pour lequel notre usine à clics fait de la retranscription speech-to-text. Le géant chinois de la messagerie possède, entre autres, la communauté QQ et l’application WeChat avec son important trafic de voix-sur-IP et sa fonctionnalité de retranscription « automatique » de messages vocaux. Comme quoi, quand vous parlez dans ce machin, il y a toujours des chances que quelqu’un vous écoute pour retranscrire en temps quasi-réel ou pour corriger des transcriptions défectueuses de l’appli même. Bonjour, la privacy.
      Et à propos de privacy, notre Nangong Yunzhi Data Processing compte parmi ses projets la labellisation et la prépration des pièces d’identités indonésiennes — les tristement célèbres e-KTP qui contiennent une quantité pharamineuse de données biométriques et concernent plus de 100 millions de citoyen•nes.

      Enfin, le must : du véhicule autonome ! Plus précisément, de l’entraînement du système de reconnaissance faciale embarqué des véhicules NIO—nécessaire pour éviter vols, fraudes à l’assurance, ou vérifier que le conducteur ne soit pas distrait. Et oui, le « conducteur ». Parce qu’évidemment une voiture « driverless » doit toujours être conduit par quelqu’un.

      A suivre...


  • China blacklists millions of people from booking flights as ’social credit’ system introduced | The Independent
    https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-social-credit-system-flight-booking-blacklisted-beijing-points-

    Millions of Chinese nationals have been blocked from booking flights or trains as Beijing seeks to implement its controversial “social credit” system, which allows the government to closely monitor and judge each of its 1.3 billion citizens based on their behaviour and activity.

    The system, to be rolled out by 2020, aims to make it “difficult to move” for those deemed “untrustworthy”, according to a detailed plan published by the government this week.

    #contrôle #surveillance #it_has_begun
    It will be used to reward or punish people and organisations for “trustworthiness” across a range of measures.


  • China blacklists millions of people from booking flights as ’social credit’ system introduced

    Officials say aim is to make it ‘difficult to move’ for those deemed ‘untrustworthy’.

    Millions of Chinese nationals have been blocked from booking flights or trains as Beijing seeks to implement its controversial “#social_credit” system, which allows the government to closely monitor and judge each of its 1.3 billion citizens based on their behaviour and activity.

    The system, to be rolled out by 2020, aims to make it “difficult to move” for those deemed “untrustworthy”, according to a detailed plan published by the government this week.

    It will be used to reward or punish people and organisations for “trustworthiness” across a range of measures.

    A key part of the plan not only involves blacklisting people with low social credibility scores, but also “publicly disclosing the records of enterprises and individuals’ untrustworthiness on a regular basis”.

    The plan stated: “We will improve the credit blacklist system, publicly disclose the records of enterprises and individuals’ untrustworthiness on a regular basis, and form a pattern of distrust and punishment.”

    For those deemed untrustworthy, “everywhere is limited, and it is difficult to move, so that those who violate the law and lose the trust will pay a heavy price”.

    The credit system is already being rolled out in some areas and in recent months the Chinese state has blocked millions of people from booking flights and high-speed trains.

    According to the state-run news outlet Global Times, as of May this year, the government had blocked 11.14 million people from flights and 4.25 million from taking high-speed train trips.

    The state has also begun to clamp down on luxury options: 3 million people are barred from getting business class train tickets, according to Channel News Asia.

    The aim, according to Hou Yunchun, former deputy director of the development research centre of the State Council, is to make “discredited people become bankrupt”, he said earlier this year.

    The eastern state of Hangzou, southwest of Shanghai, is one area where a social credit system is already in place.

    People are awarded credit points for activities such as undertaking volunteer work and giving blood donations while those who violate traffic laws and charge “under-the-table” fees are punished.

    Other infractions reportedly include smoking in non-smoking zones, buying too many video games and posting fake news online.

    Punishments are not clearly detailed in the government plan, but beyond making travel difficult, are also believed to include slowing internet speeds, reducing access to good schools for individuals or their children, banning people from certain jobs, preventing booking at certain hotels and losing the right to own pets.

    When plans for the social credit scheme were first announced in 2014, the government said the aim was to “broadly shape a thick atmosphere in the entire society that keeping trust is glorious and breaking trust is disgraceful”.

    As well as the introduction in Beijing, the government plans a rapid national rollout. “We will implement a unified system of credit rating codes nationwide,” the country’s latest five-year plan stated.

    The move comes as Beijing also faces international scrutiny over its treatment of a Muslim minority group, who have been told to turn themselves in to authorities if they observe practices such as abstention from alcohol.

    #Hami city government in the far-western #Xinjiang region said people “poisoned by extremism, terrorism and separatism” would be treated leniently if they surrendered within the next 30 days.

    As many as a million Muslim Uighurs are believed to have been rounded up and placed in “re-education” centres, in what China claims is a clampdown on religious extremism.

    https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-social-credit-system-flight-booking-blacklisted-beijing-points-
    #Chine #surveillance #contrôle #liberté_de_mouvement #liberté_de_circulation #mobilité #crédit_social #comportement #liste_noire #volontariat #points #don_de_sang #alcool #extrémisme #terrorisme #séparatisme #Ouïghours

    via @isskein


  • Is the World Ready for #self-driving cars?
    https://hackernoon.com/is-the-world-ready-for-self-driving-cars-bf41523f993a?source=rss----3a81

    The self-driving Audi R8 is a car model produced by Audi and owned by Tony Stark. It first appeared in Avengers: Age of UltronSelf-driving cars are prowling the streets of California, Paris, London, Singapore and Beijing. Intel says, that the driverless tech will add $7 trillion to the global economy and save hundreds of thousands of lives in the next few decades. Also, it will devastate the car industry and its associated gas stations, drive-thrus, taxi drivers, and truckers.Some people will benefit. Many will damage.This article takes a look at the #future of self-driving cars. But first, let’s look at exactly what a driverless car is.What is a Self-driving Car? And How Does It Work?A self-driving car, also known as a robot car, autonomous car, or driverless car, is a vehicle that is (...)

    #self-driving-cars #automotive-industry #automotive


  • Water crisis puts trade war into perspective for China | Asia Times
    http://www.atimes.com/article/water-crisis-puts-trade-war-into-perspective-for-china

    China’s trade war with the United States has tended to dominate the news agenda in the past year. But a bigger challenge for Beijing could be the threat of a water crisis which would submerge the world’s second-largest economy and wash away growth.

    Two reports by Greenpeace East Asia and Chinadialogue.net, an independent, non-profit organization, have highlighted the risks that President Xi Jinping’s administration faces because of climate change and homegrown #pollution.

    Earlier this week, Greenpeace released research showing that glaciers in the western China provinces of Qinghai and Gansu, as well as the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, are rapidly melting, causing natural disasters and reducing the drinking-water supply.

    #Chine #Climat #eau


  • Is wearing a face mask the new normal for Californians? TreeHugger
    https://www.treehugger.com/climate-change/wearing-face-mask-new-normal-californians.html

    It seems almost petty to be complaining about air quality in San Francisco when so many people are dead or missing from the actual Camp Fire in California. However, the fact remains that, right now, the air quality in the City is the worst in the world, worse than Delhi, worse than Beijing.

    #air #Californie


  • La Chine abandonne-t-elle les Palestiniens ?
    Ramzy Baroud & Romana Rubeo - 23 octobre 2018 – Al-Jazeera – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Lotfallah
    http://www.chroniquepalestine.com/la-chine-abandonne-t-elle-les-palestiniens

    Réunion entre les dirigeants chinois et la délégation palestinienne lors d’un voyage officiel de l’Autorité de Ramallah - Juillet 2017 - Photo : Chinanews.com

    La Chine semble avancer ses pions comme si elle pouvait être à la fois pro-palestinienne et pro-israélienne.

    Le vice-président chinois Wang Qishan est arrivé lundi en Israël pour une visite de quatre jours, conduisant le quatrième Comité d’innovation Chine-Israël. Il est le plus haut responsable chinois à se rendre en Israël depuis près de 20 ans.

    En avril 2000, l’ancien président de la Chine, Jiang Zemin, avait été le premier dirigeant chinois à se rendre en Israël. Il avait visité le musée de l’Holocauste Yad Vashem et renforcé les liaisons diplomatiques avec ses homologues israéliens. Il a ensuite parlé des intentions de la Chine de consolider le lien entre les deux pays.

    La visite de Wang Qishan, cependant, est différente. Le « lien » entre Beijing et Tel-Aviv est beaucoup plus développé qu’il ne l’était à l’époque, comme cela apparaît dans les chiffres. Peu de temps après l’échange de missions diplomatiques entre les deux pays en 1992, les échanges commerciaux ont commencé à se développer. La taille des investissements chinois en Israël a augmenté de manière exponentielle, passant de 50 millions de dollars au début des années 90 à 16,5 milliards de dollars, selon les estimations de 2016. (...)

    • Israël et la Chine resserrent leurs liens économiques
      Par Thierry Oberlé Mis à jour le 24/10/2018
      http://www.lefigaro.fr/conjoncture/2018/10/24/20002-20181024ARTFIG00295-israel-et-la-chine-resserrent-leurs-liens-economi

      Bienvenue en Israël ! L’État hébreu accueille pour la première fois depuis dix-huit ans un haut responsable chinois. Le vice-président Wang Qishan, qui effectue une visite de quatre jours, a été reçu lundi soir par Benyamin Nétanyahou et a participé, ce mercredi, avec le premier ministre israélien, à la quatrième réunion de la commission conjointe Chine-Israël sur la coopération et l’innovation.

      Ces rencontres marquent une nouvelle étape dans le rapprochement économique entre les deux pays, qui ont lancé en 2016 des discussions sur un traité de libre-échange. L’an dernier, à l’issue d’un voyage à Pékin de Benyamin Nétanyahou, des accords ont facilité l’exportation de produits laitiers israéliens vers la Chine et autorisé les Chinois à venir travailler dans le secteur du BTP en Israël. Pékin a investi ces dernières années en Israël 25 milliards de dollars.

      Un groupe public chinois a pris le contrôle de Tnuva, le principal groupe alimentaire israélien ...


  • China embraces a revolution in genetic testing, seeking answers on destiny and identity
    https://www.statnews.com/2018/09/27/china-embraces-consumer-genetic-testing

    BEIJING — It was from the news of American actress Angelina Jolie’s double mastectomy that Yang Yang learned it would be possible to have her DNA sequenced. A white-collar worker from Chongqing, a major city in southwest China, Yang admired her idol’s decision in 2013 to take her future into her own hands after a genetic test revealed a high risk of breast cancer. Five years later, Yang has discovered that genetic testing services are not only available to Hollywood stars, but also to the (...)

    #23Mofang #biométrie #génétique


  • China Acknowledges Re-Education Centers for Uighurs - WSJ
    https://www.wsj.com/articles/china-acknowledges-re-education-centers-for-uighurs-1539191503
    https://images.wsj.net/im-30236/social
    Uighur security personnel patrolled near a mosque in Kashgar in northwestern China’s Xinjiang region in November.
    PHOTO: NG HAN

    Beijing had previously denied it was detaining members of the ethnic minority in centers, a campaign that has sparked an international outcry

    BEIJING—China has retroactively changed the law to legitimize its detention of hundreds of thousands of Muslim Uighurs in a campaign that has sparked an international outcry over human rights abuses against the ethnic minority.

    The amended counterterrorism regulations, adopted Tuesday in the northwest Xinjiang region where most Uighurs live, say that authorities can use “vocational skills training centers” to “deradicalize” people suspected of extremism. The previous rules made no reference to vocational centers.

    The new rules appear to mark the first time China has acknowledged its use of vocational centers to detain Xinjiang residents for “transformation through education.” Senior Chinese officials have maintained—including before a United Nations panel in August—that the centers taught vocational skills to petty criminals. It had disputed reports the centers were used for “political re-education.

    The new regulations “establish a much more direct link between re-education and vocational skills training,” said Adrian Zenz, a researcher on the Xinjiang camps at the European School of Culture and Theology in Germany.


  • China denies Hong Kong port visit for U.S. navy ship amid trade tensions | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-usa-defence/china-denies-hong-kong-port-visit-for-u-s-navy-ship-amid-trade-tensions-idU


    U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Zachary L. Borden
    (via WP)

    China has denied a request for a U.S. warship to visit Hong Kong, the U.S. consulate in the Chinese city said on Tuesday, amid rising tension between Beijing and Washington over trade and a U.S. decision to sanction the Asian nation’s military.

    The amphibious assault ship Wasp had been due to make a port call in the former British colony of Hong Kong in October, diplomatic sources said.


  • Qatargas agrees on 22-year LNG supply deal with China | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-qatar-petrochina/qatargas-agrees-on-22-year-lng-supply-deal-with-china-idUSKCN1LQ0DM

    Qatargas said on Monday it had agreed on a 22-year deal with PetroChina International Co, a unit of PetroChina Co, to supply China with around 3.4 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) annually, as the nation stepped up efforts to combat air pollution.

    The Qatari state-owned company will supply LNG from the Qatargas 2 project - a venture between Qatar Petroleum, Exxon Mobil Corp and Total - to receiving terminals across China, with the first cargo to be delivered this month.

    The deal allows flexibility in delivering LNG to Chinese terminals including those in Dalian, Jiangsu, Tangshan and Shenzhen, using the Qatargas fleet of 70 conventional, Q-Flex and Q-Max vessels, the company said.

    China requires LNG for its push to replace coal with cleaner burning natural gas, a way to reduce air pollution. After Beijing started the program last year, China has overtaken South Korea as the world’s second-biggest buyer of LNG.

    China’s LNG imports may surge 70 percent to 65 million tonnes by 2020, according to consultancy SIA Energy. Last year, China imported a record 38.1 million tonnes, 46 percent more than the previous year.

    Meanwhile Qatar, the world’s biggest LNG producer, is seeking buyers for a planned expansion of its output.

    C’est pas avec ce genre de contrats que le Qatar va se faire bien voire des É.-U. !


  • Google, Seeking a Return to China, Is Said to Be Building a Censored Search Engine
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/01/technology/china-google-censored-search-engine.html

    Google withdrew from China eight years ago to protest the country’s censorship and online hacking. Now, the internet giant is working on a censored search engine for China that will filter websites and search terms that are blacklisted by the Chinese government, according to two people with knowledge of the plans. Google has teams of engineers working on a search app that restricts content banned by Beijing, said the people, who asked for anonymity because they were not permitted to speak (...)

    #Google #Facebook #GoogleSearch #algorithme #Dragonfly #censure #StateControl #web (...)

    ##surveillance


  • China as a conflict mediator: Maintaining stability along the Belt and Road | Mercator Institute for China Studies
    https://www.merics.org/en/china-mapping/china-conflict-mediator

    y Helena Legarda and Marie L. Hoffmann

    Recent years have seen significant changes in China’s international mediation activities. In countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Syria and Israel, among others, diplomats from China increasingly engage in preventing, managing or resolving conflict. In 2017 Beijing was mediating in nine conflicts, a visible increase compared to only three in 2012, the year when Xi Jinping took power as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

    The increase in Chinese mediation activities began in 2013, the year that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was launched. Before that, Beijing was relatively reluctant to engage in conflict resolution abroad. As the MERICS mapping shows, the year 2008 is an outlier in that regard. China’s activities at the time – such as its efforts to mediate between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, or between Sudan and South Sudan – were probably part of Beijing’s charm offensive and its drive to gain more international visibility in the run-up to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

    #route_de_la_soie #belt_road #chine #eurasie #europe #transport #corridor #corridor_multimodal


  • Who needs democracy when you have data? - MIT Technology Review
    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/611815/who-needs-democracy-when-you-have-data

    Hu Jintao, China’s leader from 2002 to 2012, had attempted to solve these problems by permitting a modest democratic thaw, allowing avenues for grievances to reach the ruling class. His successor, Xi Jinping, has reversed that trend. Instead, his strategy for understanding and responding to what is going on in a nation of 1.4 billion relies on a combination of surveillance, AI, and big data to monitor people’s lives and behavior in minute detail.

    As far as we know, there is no single master blueprint linking technology and governance in China. But there are several initiatives that share a common strategy of harvesting data about people and companies to inform decision-making and create systems of incentives and punishments to influence behavior. These initiatives include the State Council’s 2014 “Social Credit System,” the 2016 Cybersecurity Law, various local-level and private-enterprise experiments in “social credit,” “smart city” plans, and technology-driven policing in the western region of Xinjiang. Often they involve partnerships between the government and China’s tech companies.

    The most far-reaching is the Social Credit System, though a better translation in English might be the “trust” or “reputation” system. The government plan, which covers both people and businesses, lists among its goals the “construction of sincerity in government affairs, commercial sincerity, and judicial credibility.” (“Everybody in China has an auntie who’s been swindled. There is a legitimate need to address a breakdown in public trust,” says Paul Triolo, head of the geotechnology practice at the consultancy Eurasia Group.) To date, it’s a work in progress, though various pilots preview how it might work in 2020, when it is supposed to be fully implemented.

    Blacklists are the system’s first tool. For the past five years, China’s court system has published the names of people who haven’t paid fines or complied with judgments. Under new social-credit regulations, this list is shared with various businesses and government agencies. People on the list have found themselves blocked from borrowing money, booking flights, and staying at luxury hotels. China’s national transport companies have created additional blacklists, to punish riders for behavior like blocking train doors or picking fights during a journey; offenders are barred from future ticket purchases for six or 12 months. Earlier this year, Beijing debuted a series of blacklists to prohibit “dishonest” enterprises from being awarded future government contracts or land grants.

    A few local governments have experimented with social-credit “scores,” though it’s not clear if they will be part of the national plan.

    “The idea of social credit is to monitor and manage how people and institutions behave,” says Samantha Hoffman of the Mercator Institute for China Studies in Berlin. “Once a violation is recorded in one part of the system, it can trigger responses in other parts of the system. It’s a concept designed to support both economic development and social management, and it’s inherently political.” Some parallels to parts of China’s blueprint already exist in the US: a bad credit score can prevent you from taking out a home loan, while a felony conviction suspends or annuls your right to vote, for example. “But they’re not all connected in the same way—there’s no overarching plan,” Hoffman points out.

    One of the biggest concerns is that because China lacks an independent judiciary, citizens have no recourse for disputing false or inaccurate allegations.

    In the last two years thousands of checkpoints have been set up at which passersby must present both their face and their national ID card to proceed on a highway, enter a mosque, or visit a shopping mall. Uighurs are required to install government-­designed tracking apps on their smartphones, which monitor their online contacts and the web pages they’ve visited. Police officers visit local homes regularly to collect further data on things like how many people live in the household, what their relationships with their neighbors are like, how many times people pray daily, whether they have traveled abroad, and what books they have.

    All these data streams are fed into Xinjiang’s public security system, along with other records capturing information on everything from banking history to family planning. “The computer program aggregates all the data from these different sources and flags those who might become ‘a threat’ to authorities,” says Wang. Though the precise algorithm is unknown, it’s believed that it may highlight behaviors such as visiting a particular mosque, owning a lot of books, buying a large quantity of gasoline, or receiving phone calls or email from contacts abroad. People it flags are visited by police, who may take them into custody and put them in prison or in reeducation camps without any formal charges.

    #Chine #Surveillance #Social_ranking #Social_credits


  • Beijing’s Big Brother Tech Needs African Faces
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/07/24/beijings-big-brother-tech-needs-african-faces

    Zimbabwe is signing up for China’s surveillance state, but its citizens will pay the price. Daily life in China is gated by security technology, from the body scanners and X-ray machines at every urban metro station to the demand for ID numbers on social media platforms so that dangerous speech can be traced and punished. Technologies once seen as potentially empowering the public have become tools for an increasingly dictatorial government—tools that Beijing is now determined to sell to the (...)

    #ZTE #algorithme #CCTV #biométrie #facial #surveillance #vidéo-surveillance #CloudWalk #Hikvision (...)

    ##discrimination


  • OHCHR | Committee on the Elimination of Racial #Discrimination reviews the report of China
    https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=23452&LangID=E

    GAY MCDOUGALL, Committee Co-Rapporteur for China, raised concern about the numerous and credible reports that in the name of combatting “religious extremism” and maintaining “social stability”, the State party had turned the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region into something that resembled a massive internment camp shrouded in secrecy , a “no rights zone”, while members of the Xinjiang Uyghur minority, along with others who were identified as Muslim, were being treated as enemies of the State based on nothing more than their ethno-religious identity.  The Co-Rapporteur noted reports of mass detention of ethnic Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslim minorities, and estimates that upwards of a million people were being held in so-called counter-extremism centres and another two million had been forced into so-called “re-education camps” for political and cultural indoctrination.  All the detainees had their due process rights violated, while most had never been charged with an offense, tried in a court of law, or afforded an opportunity to challenge the legality of their detention.

    #Chine


  • China to allegedly assist Syrian Army in Idlib - report
    https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/china-to-allegedly-assist-syrian-army-in-idlib-report

    China will allegedly assist the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) in their upcoming battle in southwestern Idlib, the Chinese Ambassador to Syria, Qi Qianjin, told Al-Watan this week.

    According to the Al-Watan, Qianjin told the Syrian daily that the Chinese military is prepared to ‘somehow’ take part in the upcoming Idlib offensive, especially because of the large presence of Uyghur fighters near Jisr Al-Shughour.

    “The Chinese military has played an imperative role in protecting sovereignty, security and stability of China. At the same time, it (China) is wanting to take part in peacekeeping operations,” Qianjin told Al-Watan.

    Tiens ! Les Chinois aussi en #syrie.


  • U.S. Was Right to Give China’s Navy the Boot - Bloomberg
    https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2018-08-02/u-s-was-right-to-give-china-s-navy-the-boot

    By James Stavridis
    [ex-SACEUR]

    The vast annual military operation known as the Rim of the Pacific Exercise (simply #RIMPAC in Pentagon jargon) just concluded on the beaches of Southern California with a huge demonstration of an amphibious assault, which involves sending troops ashore from warships at sea — a highly complex maneuver whether D-Day or present day.

    The exercise is held every two years all over the Pacific Basin, and is the largest international maritime exercise in the world. It is globally regarded by naval officers as the Olympic Games of naval power. Run by the U.S. Pacific Fleet, which is headquartered in Pearl Harbor, it normally includes warships and troops from every branch of the U.S. armed forces, and those of than 20 foreign nations.
    […]
    But this year, in a break with recent tradition, China was “disinvited” in May because of its militarization of a variety of artificial islands in the volatile #South_China_sea, where it is sending troops and setting up combat-aircraft, runways and missile systems. There was also a distinct undercurrent of opposition to China’s presence by the Donald Trump administration, which sensibly criticizes Beijing for trade practices and theft of intellectual property.

    While I’ve repeatedly criticized Trump for his dealings with allies and foes, cutting Beijing “out of the pattern” this year was the right decision. It deprived China of not only the chance to observe and learn about allied naval practices, but also of the prestige of engaging with the top navies in the world. The increasing involvement of India — the obvious strategic counterweight to China — as well as this year’s addition of Vietnam — a growing naval actor deeply concerned about Chinese dominance in the South China Sea — sends a powerful signal.

    #mer_de_Chine_méridionale


  • What’s behind this summer’s extreme weather? | News | Eco-Business | Asia Pacific
    http://www.eco-business.com/news/whats-behind-this-summers-extreme-weather

    This summer will be remembered for its record-breaking heatwaves and other extreme weather events around the world that have resulted in thousands of deaths. For some people, it’s also the moment they accepted that extreme heat will become more common as the climate changes.

    A summer of extremes

    In China, the global heatwave has broken records in Beijing where temperatures reached 39 degrees Celsius, the hottest in 50 years.

    Meanwhile, in north-west China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, more than 5,200 residents were evacuated after torrential rain battered Helan Mountain from July 22 onwards.

    In Greece this week, wildfires killed over 80 people. The incredibly dry summer turned brushwood and cones to tinder. Gale force winds up to 124 kilometres per hour fanned the flames, such that they were “changing direction on a minute-by-minute basis”.

    #climat #canicule #sécheresse #incendies #intempéries #it_has_begun


  • China’s #Xinjiang Province: A Surveillance State Unlike Any the World Has Ever Seen - SPIEGEL ONLINE
    http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/china-s-xinjiang-province-a-surveillance-state-unlike-any-the-world-has-ever

    At the same time, Beijing is equipping the far-western province with state-of-the-art #surveillance technology, with cameras illuminating every street all over the region, from the capital Urumqi to the most remote mountain village. Iris scanners and WiFi sniffers are in use in stations, airports and at the ubiquitous checkpoints — tools and programs that allow data traffic from wireless networks to be monitored.

    The data is then collated by an “integrated joint operations platform” that also stores further data on the populace — from consumer habits to banking activity, health status and indeed the DNA profile of every single inhabitant of Xinjiang.

    #Chine


  • U.S. Embassy Street in Beijing Is Rocked by Blast - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/26/world/asia/beijing-embassy-explosion.html

    An explosion rocked the street outside the United States Embassy in Beijing on Thursday, rattling a diplomatically sensitive area in the Chinese capital.

    Smoke filled the air on a street not far from where many Chinese citizens line up each day to apply for visas to the United States.

    The blast happened around 1 p.m. and was heard from blocks away. The police said a man set off a device made from fireworks that injured his hand. The man, 26, was detained and sent to a hospital. His injuries were not life threatening and no one else was hurt, the police said.

    Other than the bomber, no other people were injured and there was no damage to embassy property,” the embassy said in a security notice.

    A visa agent who said he was about 30 feet away when the blast occurred said the source appeared to be an explosive device, set off by a man who had been trying to call attention to a human rights issue.

    Later on Thursday, the Beijing police said that the man who detonated the explosives, identified only by the surname Jiang, had been suffering from hallucinations since 2016 and was diagnosed with a paranoid personality disorder. Investigators found a lighter, fragments of firecrackers and three unexploded firecrackers at the site of explosion, the police statement said. It did not say if the man would be arrested or confined for psychiatric treatment.


  • The U.S. Can’t Afford to Demonize China – Foreign Policy
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/06/29/the-u-s-cant-afford-to-demonize-china

    The relationship between Beijing and Washington is collapsing fast, to everyone’s detriment.

    The United States and China’s lengthy track record of constructive engagement is disintegrating at an alarming rate, requiring a major correction by both sides. Despite U.S. President Donald Trump’s occasional talk of his “truly great” connection with Chinese President Xi Jinping, and Xi’s constant references to “win-win” outcomes all round, recent policies and actions — especially on the U.S. side — have created an enormously destructive dynamic in the relationship.

    In the case of the United States, this dynamic is most clearly driven by excessively critical, often hostile, authoritative U.S. strategy documents such as the recently issued National Security and National Defense Strategies, similar statements by senior U.S. officials, and U.S. economic policy shifts — including grossly ill-conceived tariffs — that all envision Beijing as a “revisionist” power that threatens all Americans hold dear.

    American journalists reinforce this dim view of U.S.-Chinese relations. Almost daily, pundits unveil new aspects of China’s perfidy, ranging from Chinese attempts to undermine intellectual freedom at U.S. universities to China’s sinister debt traps designed to ensnare and control developing countries.

    This steady drumbeat of criticism assumes that every Chinese gain comes at American expense, and that past U.S. policymakers and experts have long overlooked the hostility of the Chinese regime. These critics conclude that any cooperation with China must take a back seat to the imperative of pushing back against the growing threat through all means possible. This hyperbole often reaches stratospheric heights, as Washington Post columnist Josh Rogin wrote last December:

    Washington is waking up to the huge scope and scale of Chinese Communist Party influence operations inside the United States, which permeate American institutions of all kinds. China’s overriding goal is, at the least, to defend its authoritarian system from attack and at most to export it to the world at America’s expense.