This is what politicians debating global warming will look like soon | Public Radio International
Après avoir lu cet article je suppose qu’il faut demander à l’artiste. Les éléments sur la photo sont trop floues pour permettre une identification précise de l’endroit. Heureusement ils est assez loquace :
Cordal installs the 15 to 25 cm tall sculptures in streets and public spaces across Europe, then photographs them to document their presence. The ongoing work — called “Cement Eclipses” — is meant as social critique.
Isaac Cordal’s “Follow the leaders,” Nantes, France, July 2013. (pinokda/Facebook)
Cement Eclipses is one of his best known projects consisting of small cement sculptures photographed in urban space. His figures can be found pasted on top of bus shelters, walls, cornices ... by its small size (approximately 15 cm) is necessary to pay much attention to find them. The sculptures serve for the artist as a metaphor to reflect on politics, bureaucracy, power … They are presented in various absurd situations in urban space. His work can be seen both in galleries and urban space. Small nomadic sculptures have been seen in cities like Brussels, London, Berlin, Zagreb, Nantes, San Jose, Barcelona, Vienna, Malmo, Paris, Milan, Bogotá.
Politicians discussing global warming
This image is a reproduction of a sculpture installation===The Electoral Campaign=== performed by Isaac Cordal in Berlin in 2011 became viral on the internet under the title Politicians discussing global warming although really is part of its series called Follow the leaders.
De l’huile de palme dans les voitures... Pourquoi la #France est pointée du doigt
Plus rare dans les assiettes, l’#huile_de_palme est en revanche de plus en plus utilisée comme #biocarburant. De quoi tirer à la hausse la consommation mondiale de cette huile végétale, cause de #déforestation massive en #Asie_du_sud-est. [...]
Faire venir de l’huile de palme produite à l’autre bout du monde pour la mettre dans les moteurs de nos voitures au motif qu’elle a l’avantage d’être un #carburant non fossile… Vous avez dit absurde ? « C’est pourtant une réalité, commence Matthieu Orphelin. Aujourd’hui, 75 % de l’huile de palme que nous consommons en France est sous forme de carburant. »
Clément Sénéchal on Twitter :
« Bonjour @N_Hulot et @EmmanuelMacron, Question : comment comptez-vous rester crédibles sur le plan climatique tout en permettant à #Total d’importer massivement de l’#huiledepalme dans les prochains mois ? #climat #déforestation #biodiversité ▻https://t.co/SxwjLKFVbB »
Just 90 companies are to blame for most climate change, this ’carbon accountant’ says | Science | AAAS
Roderick commissioned Heede to look at the entire fossil fuel industry. To make the project manageable, they limited it to companies that produced at least 8 million tons of carbon per year, the so-called “carbon majors.” The research took 8 years. Money from the original grant ran out, and after the crash of 2008 Heede’s consulting business collapsed. He maxed out his credit card, borrowed against his Colorado house, and scraped by, enlisting graduate students in several countries to photocopy and send him papers, which he checked and double-checked with a watchmaker’s precision. He filled shelves with binders of information and spent thousands of hours entering it into spreadsheets, working alone, often until midnight. “I take pleasure in that kind of stuff,” Heede says. “I like to pay attention to detail.”
C’est un article de 2016. En 2017 en français :
#Climat : #paris va-t-il poursuivre en #Justice les géants pétroliers ?
Un camion-citerne du pétrolier Total à proximité de La Mède (Bouches-du-Rhône). © Reuters Il est non contraignant et pourtant, le vœu voté le 6 février par le Conseil de Paris pourrait être le début de quelque chose de bien plus grand. Paris hésite en effet à marcher dans le sillage de New York et à assigner à son tour les compagnies pétrolières pour leur présenter la facture climatique.
#Climat : #paris songe à poursuivre en #Justice les géants pétroliers
Manifestation pour le climat à Paris le 12 décembre 2015, en marge de la COP21. © Reuters Il est non contraignant et pourtant, le vœu voté le 6 février par le Conseil de Paris pourrait être le début de quelque chose de bien plus grand. Paris hésite en effet à marcher dans le sillage de New York et à assigner à son tour les compagnies pétrolières pour leur présenter la facture climatique.
UN body adopts climate change strategy for shipping
Nations meeting at the United Nations International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London have adopted an initial strategy on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from ships, setting out a vision to reduce GHG emissions from international shipping and phase them out, as soon as possible in this century.
The vision confirms IMO’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions from international shipping and, as a matter of urgency, to phasing them out as soon as possible.
More specifically, under the identified “levels of ambition”, the initial strategy envisages for the first time a reduction in total GHG emissions from international shipping which, it says, should peak as soon as possible and to reduce the total annual GHG emissions by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008, while, at the same time, pursuing efforts towards phasing them out entirely.
Macron et Trudeau, ensemble pour le CETA, ensemble contre le climat !
Réunis à Paris ce lundi 16 avril, Emmanuel Macron et Justin Trudeau tentent de défendre le CETA alors que cet accord de commerce et d’investissement entre l’UE et le Canada a été reconnu comme n’étant pas compatible avec la lutte contre les dérèglements climatiques par de nombreux experts.
UP Magazine - Le Gulf Stream se dérègle à toute vitesse. C’est une très mauvaise nouvelle.
On s’en doutait depuis plusieurs années mais aujourd’hui les scientifiques sont formels et c’est une première. Deux études viennent en effet d’être publiées simultanément dans la revue Nature. Elles constatent un dérèglement alarmant de la circulation des courants océaniques dans l’Atlantique, ceux qui contribuent à la régulation du climat mondial. Si nous avons un climat tempéré en Europe occidentale c’est grâce au Gulf Stream. Si sa circulation ralentit ou s’interrompt, les scientifiques n’osent en imaginer les conséquences. C’est pourtant ce qui est en train de se passer.
A new study on increased snowfall in Antarctica shows the dramatic pace of climate change — Quartz
It may sound odd to hear news of more snow during a time when scientists keep uncovering more evidence that polar ice caps are melting, raising sea levels around the world. But it makes sense, and it’s not a good sign for the Earth. Warmer temperatures mean more moisture in the air, which creates better conditions for snow over Antarctica. So really, this is a sign of the same climate problems causing droughts, storms, and floods.
The findings may help answer a question scientists have had about the impact of snowfall on rapid climate change. Plainly put, would more snowfall in Antarctica slow the rise of sea levels by trapping water in the form of snow? The answer: Probably not. A 2012 study published in the journal Nature suggested more snow correlated with an increase in the rate at which ice breaks and floats away.
Avoid Gulf stream disruption at all costs, scientists warn | Environment | The Guardian
“From the study of past climate, we know changes in the Amoc have been some of the most abrupt and impactful events in the history of climate,” said Prof Stefan Rahmstorf, at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany and one of the world’s leading oceanographers, who led some of the new research. During the last Ice Age, winter temperatures changed by up to 10C within three years in some places.
“We are dealing with a system that in some aspects is highly non-linear, so fiddling with it is very dangerous, because you may well trigger some surprises,” he said. “I wish I knew where this critical tipping point is, but that is unfortunately just what we don’t know. We should avoid disrupting the Amoc at all costs. It is one more reason why we should stop global warming as soon as possible.”
Oceanographer Peter Spooner, at University College London, shares the concern: “The extent of the changes we have discovered comes as a surprise to many, including myself, and points to significant changes in the future.”
A collapse in the Amoc would mean far less heat reaching western Europe and plunge the region into very severe winters, the kind of scenario depicted in an extreme fashion in the movie The Day After Tomorrow.
«Make our planet great again»: c’est pas gagné
Lors de la campagne présidentielle, #Emmanuel_Macron a assuré aux Français qu’il voyait la #Transition_écologique comme le « défi du XXIe siècle ». « Une urgence française », autant que mondiale. Pourtant, un an après son arrivée à l’Élysée, les écologistes s’impatientent, attendant « des actes, au-delà des grands principes ».
Climate Change Is Messing With Your Dinner
The world’s dinner tables are seeing the impact of climate change.
As cold regions become warmer, and warm places hotter still, farming and fishing are shifting. An evolving climate means big changes for people who grow, catch and rear for a living, and everyone else who buys and eats what they produce.
There are winners and losers. There are rich-world problems (less cod, more lobster) and poor (drought and pestilence). There are threats to the quality of the world’s basic staples including wheat and corn, as well as such nation-defining luxuries as Bordeaux wine and Java coffee. And whether through dearth or deluge, supply shocks can shake up prices.
As temperatures rise, the best growing conditions for many crops are moving away from the tropics, and from lower lying land to cooler climbs. Fish and other underwater catches, too, are migrating to colder seas as their habitats warm.
Avoid Gulf stream disruption at all costs, scientists warn | Environment | The Guardian
Serious disruption to the Gulf Stream ocean currents that are crucial in controlling global climate must be avoided “at all costs”, senior scientists have warned. The alert follows the revelation this week that the system is at its weakest ever recorded.
Past collapses of the giant network have seen some of the most extreme impacts in climate history, with western Europe particularly vulnerable to a descent into freezing winters. A significantly weakened system is also likely to cause more severe storms in Europe, faster sea level rise on the east coast of the US and increasing drought in the Sahel in Africa.
Researchers Map Seven Years of Arctic Shipping – gCaptain
To illustrate this increase in ship activity in the Arctic, a team of scientists has banded together to analyze and map more than 120 million data points in order to track where ships are most using the region.
To make the map, the team, led by Paul Arthur Berkman, director of the science diplomacy center at Tufts University, and Greg Fiske, a geospatial analyst at the Woods Hole Research Center, used data compiled by SpaceQuest, a company designs microsatellites that can monitor the track Automatic Identification System (AIS) signals from ships.
Once the data was plotted, there were some interesting observations to be made.
Looking at the data, Berkman, Fiske, and their colleagues found that the mean center of shipping activity moved 300 kilometers north and east—closer to the North Pole—over the 7-year span.
Notably, they were particularly surprised to find more small ships, such as fishing boats, wading farther into Arctic waters. The team also plotted the AIS ship tracks against sea ice data from NSIDC and found that ships are encountering ice more often and doing so farther north each year.
Despite the seemingly growing opportunities for shipping, the increasing number of ships in the region has given rise to serious concerns about pollution, oil spills, and disturbances to marine life, among other possible impacts.
C’était l’image du jour du 12/04/18 du Earth Observatory de la NASA
Indigenous knowledge is critical to understanding climate change | The Seattle Times
Good science is critical to our health, ability to live full lives and community well-being. We use science to advance medicine, enhance our use of natural resources, ensure our food supply and much more. That’s why more than a million people around the world joined the March for Science in 2017 and why we are gearing up again to march for science on April 14.
Western science is just one way of knowing. Indeed, traditional knowledge and wisdom of indigenous peoples is recognized by the United Nations for its potential to sustainably manage complex ecosystems. Yet all too often, Western science has disregarded centuries of science-based knowledge coming from Native Americans and other indigenous peoples.
Indigenous peoples have lived in our particular locations for many generations, and we define ourselves in relation to our home environment. Our deep and long-standing relationships with the environment are unique; our very existence depends on our ability to conserve and maintain our lands and waters for future generations.
Today, tribes, First Nations, indigenous peoples and Aboriginals are sounding a loud alarm about the impacts of climate change. Rising sea levels, broken natural systems, and increasing fire and flooding are apparent and documented.
Climate change impacting fish reproduction in the Sundarbans: Study
Some of West Bengal’s most-loved fish may go off the menu, thanks to climate change in the Sundarbans.
A team of researchers that is mapping biological sensitivity of certain fish species to climate change says increasing salinity and temperature in the Sundarbans estuary is messing up their reproductive behaviour and may also likely alter their abundance, factors that could wipe them out one day, they warn.
Spanning 10,000 square km along the coast of India and #Bangladesh, the Sundarbans represent the largest expanse of contiguous mangrove forests in the world. This globally significant ecosystem is situated in the Bay of Bengal, within the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers.
The Indian Sundarbans archipelago acts as the “nursery” for nearly 90 percent of the aquatic species of eastern coast of India. It is the top producer of fish and prawn, with both districts (South and North- 24 Parganas) combined producing roughly 31 percent of the total inland fish/prawn production of West Bengal, a state iconic for its fish-eating habits. Sundarbans also satiates 15 to 20 percent of the state capital Kolkata’s fish requirement.
[Interview] Land degradation is affecting two-fifths of humanity
Land use change is one of those terms that we read about frequently and gloss over it.
We read about lakes being converted to high rises, forests being turned farmland or grazing land, ponds being made into fisheries – all of this and more. It happens all the time, everywhere. Since we learnt how to grow food, we have been changing this planet’s surface. And over thousands of years, we have extracted, pulled, transformed and moulded land to our needs and benefits. All of this has led to the wide extent of land degradation that we are facing today – that is undermining the well-being of two fifths of humanity (i.e. 3.2 billion people), driving species extinctions and intensifying climate change. Vegetation loss, forest clearance, wetland drainage, grassland conversion, urban sprawl and pollution, are together leaving a deep impact on human health and happiness. We have substantially transformed 75% of our land surface, which will rise to 90% by 2050.
In the first such evidence-based assessment of land degradation and restoration released on March 26 in Medellin, Colombia, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) has concluded that land degradation has reached the point where it has become a major contributor to mass human migration and increased conflict. The three-year assessment report by IPBES, which is termed as the IPCC for biodiversity, was led by more than 100 leading experts from 45 countries, and distilled information from 3,000 scientific, governmental, indigenous and local knowledge sources. But all is not lost yet. The report emphasises that restoration can help keep our planet below the 2 degree increase on global temperatures, and that benefits are 10 times higher than the cost.
#Gulf_Stream shutdown is a nightmare scenario that has been speculated about for a while. It is taking shape.
Gulf Stream current at its weakest in 1,600 years, studies show | Environment | The Guardian
The warm Atlantic current linked to severe and abrupt changes in the climate in the past is now at its weakest in at least 1,600 years, new research shows. The findings, based on multiple lines of scientific evidence, throw into question previous predictions that a catastrophic collapse of the Gulf Stream would take centuries to occur.
Such a collapse would see western Europe suffer far more extreme winters, sea levels rise fast on the eastern seaboard of the US and would disrupt vital tropical rains. The new research shows the current is now 15% weaker than around 400AD, an exceptionally large deviation, and that human-caused global warming is responsible for at least a significant part of the weakening.
New web maps tell full story of climate change - Geographical
New interactive maps combine precipitation and temperature to show climate change in more detail, and can be used to compare climates worldwide
Climate change maps usually fall into one of two categories: maps that show changes in precipitation, and maps that show changes in temperature. Unfortunately, focusing on one of these factors only tells half of the story. For example, a map of global temperature increase would show a warming Arctic, but it would not show the decrease in rainfall predicted to impact West Africa. Now, researchers at the University of Cincinnati have created a map that shows both.
Maps show spring arriving earlier ▻https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=91948
La Suisse est la championne du monde des “#émissions_grises”, ces #gaz_à_effet_de_serre émis lors de la fabrication des biens de consommation que nous importons de l’étranger. De quoi ternir quelque peu l’image de pays exemplaire qui sévit encore dans certains milieux.
It’s Time to Rethink the Relationship Between Borders and Climate Change
Climate-induced migration is now a reality. Opening borders and removing sovereignty from environmental decisions needs to be considered.
#frontières #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_environnementaux #réfugiés_climatiques #asile #climat #changement_climatique #murs #barrières_frontalières #ouverture_des_frontières
Fossil Fuels on Trial: Where the Major Climate Change Lawsuits Stand Today
Over the past few years: Two states have launched fraud investigations into #Exxon over #climate change. Nine cities and counties, from New York to San Francisco, have sued major fossil fuel companies, seeking compensation for climate change damages. And determined children have filed lawsuits against the federal government and various state governments, claiming the governments have an obligation to safeguard the environment.
[...] Following is a summary of the major legal battles pitting Exxon and the oil and gas industry against American states and cities, and environmentally inspired young people against the government.
This timeline will be updated as events unfold.