• Army Uproots 350 Olive Trees, Demolishes Three Structures, Attack Journalists, Near Jericho
    Dec 30, 2020 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/army-uproots-350-olive-trees-demolishes-three-structures-attack-journalists-n

    Israeli soldiers uprooted, Tuesday, at least 350 Palestinian olive trees, and demolished three residential structures and attacked journalists in the Arab az-Zayed Bedouin community in the Noweima village, north of Jericho in the occupied West Bank.

    Najat Rmeila, the mayor of Noweima and ad-Diok al-Foqa, said the soldiers uprooted at least 350 olive trees in an orchard owned by Suleiman Zayed.

    She added that the trees were planted by the farmer more than two years ago and that the army has been escalating its violations against the Palestinians in the area to illegally annex their lands.

    The soldiers also demolished three residential sheds, owned by Yousef Abu Kharbeesh and his brothers, rendering the families homeless, in addition to confiscating their belongings.

    The soldiers also attacked Palestine TV reporters while trying to document the invasion and the unfolding violations. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Israeli Settlers Burn 400 Olive Trees South of Hebron
    Dec 14, 2020 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-settlers-burn-400-olive-trees-south-of-hebron

    Illegal Israeli settlers, Sunday, burned hundreds of Palestinian-owned olive trees near Yatta town, south of Hebron in the southern occupied West Bank.

    Rateb Jabour, Coordinator of the Popular Resistance, told Palestinian WAFA News Agency that a group of Israeli colonialist settlers from the nearby illegal Mitzpe Yair colony, were witnessed throwing unidentified devices into the olive grove, which belongs to the local al-Dababseh family.

    It was estimated that 400 olive trees were burnt before the Palestinian Civil Defense was able to extinguish the fire, preventing damage to homes.

    These types of attacks are a frequent occurrence for the Palestinian communities throughout the Israeli colonized West Bank.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #barbares

  • AIRBNB LISTING : COMPANY IS ‘DEEPLY COMPROMISED’ BY ISRAELI SETTLEMENT PROPERTIES
    10 December 2020 | Amnesty International
    https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/12/airbnb-listing-company-is-deeply-compromised-by-israeli-settlement-properti

    As Airbnb prepares to go public in a multi-billion-dollar Initial Public Offering (IPO) it must withdraw listings of rental properties built illegally on the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), Amnesty International said on 10 December 2020.

    The San Francisco-based online accommodation company has around 200 properties for rent in the illegal Israeli settlements that are at the heart of systematic human rights violations faced by Palestinians.

    These settlements are a war crime under international law. Airbnb needs to do right by future investors and stop benefiting from illegal settlements built on stolen Palestinian land in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
    Saleh Higazi

    Two years ago, Airbnb said it would remove accommodation in the settlements from its listings, before reversing its decision.

    Responding to reports that Airbnb is set to become a publicly-listed company after filing IPO documents in the US, Saleh Higazi, Deputy Regional Director for Middle East and North Africa, said:

    “These settlements are a war crime under international law. Airbnb needs to do right by future investors and stop benefiting from illegal settlements built on stolen Palestinian land in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

    Shamefully, Airbnb has been promoting and benefiting from a situation that is a root cause of the systematic human rights violations faced by millions of Palestinians on a daily basis.” (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #colonialisme_touristique

  • Cisjordanie : les Palestiniens s’indignent de la visite de Pompeo dans une colonie illégale
    Publié le : 18/11/2020 - Avec notre envoyée spéciale à Al-Bireh, Alice Froussard
    https://www.rfi.fr/fr/moyen-orient/20201118-cisjordanie-les-palestiniens-s-indignent-de-la-visite-de-pompeo-dans-un

    Des Palestiniens manifestent contre la visite de Mike Pompeo à la colonie de Psagot, en Cisjordanie occupée, le 18 novembre 2020, à Al-Bireh. © Mohamad Torokman, Reuters

    En tournée au Proche-Orient, le secrétaire d’État américain Mike Pompéo a atterri mercredi 18 novembre en Israël, où il rencontre Benyamin Netanyahu et des responsables bahreïnis. Il a également visité la colonie israélienne de Psagot, en Cisjordanie Ocuppée, bravant le consensus international. Cette colonie illégale est connue pour son vin, exporté en Europe et aux États-Unis. Une visite inacceptable pour les Palestiniens d’Al-Bireh, le village d’en face.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Israël / Territoires palestiniens - Colonisation (16.11.20) - Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères
    https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/dossiers-pays/israel-territoires-palestiniens/relations-bilaterales/evenements/article/israel-territoires-palestiniens-colonisation-16-11-20

    La France condamne les annonces relatives à la construction de 1 257 unités de logement dans la colonie israélienne de Givat HaMatos, à Jérusalem-Est. L’expansion de cette colonie porte directement atteinte à la viabilité d’un futur État palestinien, comme l’a rappelé à plusieurs reprises l’Union européenne.

    La colonisation est illégale en droit international et remet en cause sur le terrain la solution des deux États. La France appelle les autorités israéliennes à revenir sur cette décision. La France appelle à mettre un terme à toute mesure unilatérale remettant en cause la solution des deux États fondée sur les paramètres internationalement agréés, qui est seule à même de conduire à une paix juste et durable dans la région.

    #FranceDiplo

    • EU Mission Visits Site of Planned Israeli Settlement Expansion; Heckled by Right-Wing Israelis
      Nov 17, 2020
      https://imemc.org/article/eu-mission-visits-site-of-planned-israeli-settlement-expansion-heckled-by-rig

      Several representatives of the European Union (EU) in Israel and Palestine visited the site of a proposed Israeli settlement on Monday, issuing a strong condemnation of the Israeli plan to build more than 1200 new units on the site. As they were leaving the site, they were heckled by dozens of right-wing Israelis.

      In a statement, Sven Kühn von Burgsdorff, one of the EU representatives, said the proposed Givat Hamatos settlement, “forms part of a worrying trend where Israel continues its policy of advancing settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory”, adding, “If Israel is to go ahead with its plans for a settlement here, it would cause serious damage to the prospects for a viable and contiguous Palestinian State. More broadly, it will threaten the viability of a negotiated two-state solution, in line with the internationally agreed parameters and with Jerusalem as the future capital of two states.”

      Burgsdorff reiterated the fact that all Israeli colonial settlements are illegal under international law, and that all settlement activity must stop.

      The EU representatives which accompanied members of Palestinian and Israeli civil society to the site on Monday, included representatives from Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and Norway and Switzerland.

      When they were leaving the site, they were confronted by right-wing Israeli settlers. According to the Jerusalem Post, the hecklers shouted, “You are antisemites. You are against Jewish building. Shut up and go home. According to the Bible this is Jewish land. This is the Jewish capital of Israel.”

      The construction of Givat Hamatos between Jerusalem and Bethlehem would mean that the Palestinian neighborhood of Beit Safafa would be surrounded on all sides by Jewish-only settlements, with no access to Bethlehem or the rest of the West Bank.(...)

      #colonialisme_de_peuplement

    • Preventing terror
      Amira Hass | Nov. 17, 2020 | 3:37 AM - Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-preventing-terror-1.9312674

      It’s not only Givat Hamatos: Israel is constantly planning and implementing infrastructure and large-scale construction activities in East Jerusalem and throughout the West Bank, all designed to sabotage the possibility of a Palestinian state. But to our delight this tender, for the construction of residential units on the land reserves of Beit Safafa and Bethlehem, is making some noise, because it is being interpreted as an underhanded maneuver before President-elect Joe Biden enters the White House.

      Yesterday European diplomats visited the site of the settlement. The condemnations, or to be more precise the reservations to the tender, will probably be published soon by the foreign ministries of the EU and several European states. The UN Special Coordinator Nickolay Mladenov has already expressed his concern. He mentioned for the millionth time that the construction of settlements violates international law.

      Not only U.S. President Donald Trump encouraged the Israeli land theft project. During two decades of negotiations with the Palestinian Liberation Organization, the ritual expressions of regret and the condemnations by the European Union and its member countries taught Israel that it has nothing to fear. If those countries, which support the path of the Oslo Accords more than anyone else, don’t take concrete steps against Israel’s serial criminality, why should it worry? It can continue to rob and trample, and when necessary to pull out the weapon of “antisemitism” and “Holocaust,” to curb any initiative to stop the Israeli real estate-dispossession spree.

      So please. “Givat Hamatos” is an opportunity for those countries to convert the ritual into genuine actions, which they can and must adopt. First of all, they must publish the following clarifications:

      • Building settlements in occupied territory is forbidden by international law.

      • Apartheid is a crime for which its authors, executors and those consciously participating in it must be punished.

      • A declaration of “state land” backed up by weapons and military orders, and the transfer of this land to one ethnic group at the expense of the other, is a practice of terror.

      • Building settlements on occupied Palestinian territory grows out of the worldview and practices of an apartheid regime that considers Jews superior, and therefore might once again carry out acts of mass expulsion of Palestinians.

      Based on these clarifications, the countries opposed to state terror and apartheid will publish the following warnings:

      • Any contractor participating in the Givat Hamatos tender will not be allowed to participate in projects in which European companies are involved, and its owners and managers will not be allowed to enter Europe.

      • If the owners and managers are European citizens, they will be prosecuted in their countries for participating in the crime of apartheid.

      • The ban on entry and doing business, and the prosecution of offenders, also applies to the planners and architects.

      • All the above applies to the senior executives of the Israel Land Authority.

      • All the above applies to buyers of those residential units.

      • Owners and managers of companies operating in Europe who transact business with those subcontractors and architects will be prosecuted for abetting the perpetration of a crime.

      • Just as the bank accounts of those suspected of involvement in terror are confiscated, the bank accounts of all those mentioned above will be confiscated.

      • The sale of residences to Palestinians as a “fig leaf” will not render the project legal, unless Palestinians who are West Bank residents live there too.

      This will be the start. Later the same warnings will apply to other, less publicized construction plans – and to existing settlements. Don’t call it “delusional” if you oppose apartheid, and if you realize that its planners and beneficiaries are willing and able to expel more Palestinians from their homeland.

  • From Balfour to the Nakba: The settler-colonial experience of Palestine Ilan Pappe | 4 November 2020 | Middle East Eye
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/balfour-nakba-settler-colonial-experience-palestine

    Members of the Haganah paramilitary group escort Palestinians expelled from Haifa after Jewish forces took control in April 1948 (AFP)

    The late prominent scholar of settler-colonialism, Patrick Wolfe, reminded us repeatedly that it is not an event, it is a structure. While settler-colonialism in many cases has a historical starting point, its original motivation guides its maintenance in the present.

    By and large, settler-colonial projects are motivated by what Wolfe defined as “the logic of the elimination of the native”. Settlers’ wish to create a new homeland almost inevitably clashes with the aspirations of the local native population. In some cases, this clash leads to the physical elimination of native populations, as seen in the Americas and Australia; in others, such as South Africa, settlers enclave the indigenous population in closed areas and impose an apartheid system.

    Zionism in Palestine is a settler-colonial project, and Israel remains to this day a settler-colonial state. This depiction is now widely accepted in the scholarly world, but rejected by mainstream Israeli scholars.

    On 2 November 1917, Arthur Balfour, then British foreign secretary, endorsed the idea of a “national home for the Jewish people” without “prejudice” against the “civil and religious rights” of the “non-Jewish communities in Palestine”. While this might imply that Jews were the native and majority population of Palestine, in reality, they comprised 10 percent of the population. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Soldiers Demolish A Palestinian Home In Hebron In Hebron
    Oct 27, 2020 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/soldiers-demolish-a-palestinian-home-in-hebron-in-hebron

    Israeli soldiers invaded, Tuesday, Wad al-A’war area, south of Hebron city, in the southern part of the occupied West Bank, and demolished a Palestinian home.

    Rateb Jabour, the coordinator of the Popular and National Committees in southern West Bank, said the soldiers demolished a home, consisting of two rooms, owned by Bilal al-Ajlouni.

    Jabour added that the army claimed the property, located in Area C of the West Bank, was not licensed by the “Civil Administration Office,” the administrative branch of Israel’s illegal occupation.

    The occupied West Bank was divided into three areas – A, B, and C – as part of the Oslo Accords, signed by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israel, in 1993 and 1995. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Three Palestinians Shot, One Seriously Injured at Kufur Qaddoum March
    Oct 18, 2020– – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/three-palestinians-shot-one-seriously-injured-at-kufur-qaddoum-march

    Israeli forces, on Saturday, opened fire at Palestinian demonstrators in the northern occupied West Bank village of Kufur Qaddoum, injuring three young men with rubber-coated steel rounds, the Palestinian Information Center reported.

    One of the three young men, shot by Israeli soldiers, was seriously injured, after being struck in the chest, local sources revealed, at the weekly gathering east of Qalqilia city.

    Israeli troops fired tear-gas canisters, and rubber-coated steel rounds at the crowd, causing many to suffer the toxic effects of tear-gas inhalation.

    The seriously injured young man was rushed to a Nablus hospital, and all others were treated on site.

    Similarly, on Friday, soldiers suppressed the weekly march in Kufur Qaddoum, causing injuries to Palestinian protesters and a covering journalist.

    Kufur Qaddoum

    #Kafr_Qaddum #colonialisme_de_peuplement
    https://seenthis.net/messages/873429

  • Israël approuve la construction de plus de 2 000 logements dans des colonies en Cisjordanie
    14 octobre 2020
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2020/10/14/israel-approuve-la-construction-de-plus-de-2-000-logements-dans-des-colonies

    Israël a approuvé, mercredi 14 octobre, la construction de 2 166 logements dans des colonies en Cisjordanie. Ces autorisations mettent fin à une période de huit mois de gel effectif de nouvelles constructions dans ce territoire occupé par Israël depuis 1967.

    Elles surviennent moins d’un mois après la signature d’un accord de normalisation de leurs relations entre l’Etat hébreu et deux pays arabes du Golfe. Les Emirats arabes unis et Bahreïn ont conclu ces accords le 15 septembre à Washington, sous la houlette du président américain Donald Trump, rejoignant ainsi les pays arabes reconnaissant Israël après l’Egypte en 1979 et la Jordanie en 1994.
    (...)
    La construction de plus de 2 000 logements supplémentaires doit également être approuvée jeudi, a précisé l’ONG israélienne anticolonisation La Paix maintenant, dans un communiqué. Le premier ministre israélien « renforce de facto l’annexion de la Cisjordanie », a également souligné l’ONG. Selon La Paix maintenant, 560 nouveaux logements vont être construits dans la colonie d’Har Gilo, située entre Jérusalem et Bethléem, et plusieurs colonies établies sans autorisations officielles seront légalisées rétroactivement.

    Plus de 450 000 Israéliens vivent dans les colonies juives en Cisjordanie occupée, en plein essor ces dernières années sous l’impulsion de M. Nétanyahou et sous le mandat de Trump.

    Pour La Paix maintenant, le premier ministre israélien gâche une occasion de faire la paix. « Au lieu de profiter des accords avec les pays du Golfe et de promouvoir la paix avec les Palestiniens, il détourne les priorités d’Israël pour satisfaire une minorité marginale » de son électorat traditionnel nationaliste, affirme l’organisation.

    Ces nouvelles constructions sont approuvées par le chef du parti centriste Bleu-blanc Benny Gantz, ancien rival de M. Nétanyahou et actuel ministre de la défense, souligne « La Paix maintenant ». « Il s’agit d’un message d’Israël à la communauté internationale qui signifie (…) l’abandon de la solution à deux Etats », affirme l’organisation.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Israeli Authorities Destroy Fruitful Trees, Seize 200 Acres of Land
    Sep 20, 2020 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-authorities-destroy-fruitful-trees-seize-200-acres-of-land

    Israeli bulldozers destroyed 200 fruit trees, on Saturday, in the town of Bidya, west of Salfit, in the northern occupied West Bank, the Palestinian Information Center reported.

    The uprooted fruitful trees, belonging to Salim Khalil, were a mix of olives, figs, grapes, peaches, lemons, and perennial almonds.

    Khalil said that some of the trees were more than 2 decades old, the harvest being his sole source of income to provide for his family.

    Israeli occupation authorities ordered, on Saturday, the expropriation of 803 dunams (198 acres) of Palestinian-owned land near Douma village, located south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank, according to local sources.

    Official monitor of Israeli settlement activities in the area, Ghassan Daghlas, told Palestinian WAFA News Agency that the army delivered notices informing local villagers of the authorities decision to seize 803 dunams of Palestinian-owned land, under the pretext of groundwater drilling.

    Israeli has escalated its attacks against the civilian population of Palestine, with a surge of home demolitions carried out by the occupation state, as seen in the OCHA and PCHR reports.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Court orders dozens of Palestinians out of Jerusalem homes to make way for settlers
    Nir Hasson | Sep. 15, 2020 | 2:34 PM | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-court-orders-dozens-of-palestinians-out-of-jerusalem-homes-to-make

    Judges base evacuation orders in two cases on claims to Jewish ownership of property from before 1948, which the law permits for Jews only

    A Jerusalem court ordered last week, in two separate cases, the eviction of dozens of Palestinian residents from their homes in East Jerusalem. The beneficiaries will be settler associations who argued that the homes belonged to Jews before 1948.

    According to Israeli law, returning property from before the 1948 war is permitted for Jews only, while Palestinians are ineligible to reclaim property abandoned before 1948. In both cases, right-wing activists had been working to expel the residents since acquiring the land or took control of an Ottoman-era trust.

    Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court Judge Efrat Eichenstein ruled that 26 members of al-Fatah Rajbi family living in the Baten al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan must hand over their homes to Ateret Cohanim. The family has lived there since 1966, after the grandfather bought the land from a Palestinian seller. However, the court accepted the claim of Ateret Cohanim representatives that Jews had owned the land before 1948 as part of a Yemenite neighborhood in Silwan.

    The land had belonged to an Ottoman-era trust registered in the name of one Rabbi Moshe Benvenisti. The Jerusalem District Court granted the request by three Ateret Cohanim members to become trustees of the land in 2001. They have since sued some 700 Palestinians living on land belonging to the trust with the aim of having them evicted. In one of Ateret Cohanim’s many lawsuits, the court ordered the eviction of 11 families, numbering 67 people, from Baten al-Hawa. The families appealed before the Jerusalem District Court, which has yet to issue a final ruling.

    Peace Now said following the decision: "For every dunam of land owned by Jews before 1948 that was lost in the war, there are hundreds of thousands of dunams of land in Israel that were owned by Palestinians before 1948 and were lost. The settlers’ demand to evict Palestinians based on pre-1948 ownership is a strategic threat on the moral justification of hundreds of thousands of Israelis living on properties and lands that had belonged to Palestinians.”

    In a similar case in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, Judge Miriam Lifshits ruled that three Palestinian families living in the neighborhood since the 1950s must evacuate their homes and turn them over to a company owned by right-wing activists. The Jordanian government and the United Nations built the homes for Palestinian refugees in the 1950s. In this case, the company, Nahalat Shimon, proved that the land had belonged to the Sephardic Jewish community council and the Ashkenazi council before 1948 and was sold to it in the 1990s. The judge accepted the company’s claims and ordered the residents’ eviction by the end of August. She also ordered the Palestinians to pay the plaintiffs 30,000 shekels ($8,800) in court fees.

    On Monday, the Supreme Court rejected the appeal of a 78-year-old Silwan resident against eviction from his home. His landlord had sold the home to the Elad settler association, which is seeking his eviction, but a Magistrate’s Court recognized him as having protected tenants’ rights. The court ruled that the association was entitled to evict him but would have to pay 360,000 shekels compensation. The Jerusalem District Court rejected both sides’ appeals. The Supreme Court ruled that the man must leave by mid-October.

    In June, Silwan residents filed a petition against Ateret Cohanim and the Charitable Trust Registrar, arguing that the association has a serious conflict of interest with the Benvenisti Trust, and that it is not honoring the original trust, which was created 120 years ago to benefit the city’s poor. The petitioners argue that, in taking control of the land, the association has effectively become the landowner. Judge Eichenstein accepted the trust’s position, ordered the homes evacuated by next April and ordered the Palestinians to pay the trust 7,500 shekels.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Israeli Soldiers Attack Elderly Protestor, Journalists in Tulkarem
    Sep 2, 2020 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-attack-elderly-protestor-journalists-in-tulkarem

    Israeli forces, on Tuesday, attacked Palestinians protesting Israel’s plan to expropriate occupied Palestinian land near Tulkarem city, in the northern West Bank, Palestinian WAFA News Agency correspondent.

    She stated that Israeli troops fired tear-gas at the demonstrators and physically assaulted an elderly man.

    The demonstration was organized in order to express their collective rejection of the Israeli plans to build an illegal industrial settlement on Palestinian lands.

    The Israeli soldiers attacked participants including journalists, whom were forbidden from filming, WAFA correspondent added.

    The Governor of Tulkarem, Issam Abu Bakr, participated in the protest, stated that the people will continue holding demonstrations until the settlement project is stopped, adding that the project threatens to cut Tulkarem off from the nearby Qalqilia governorate,

    Head of the Wall and Settlement Resistance Commission, Walid Assaf, one of the organizers of the protest activities would continue in order to defeat this project and others in the occupied Palestinian territories.

    Shehab News
    [The occupation forces brutally assaulting the elderly Khairy Hanoun and suppressing a protest protest rejecting the confiscation of lands from the village of Shofa near Tulkarm.]

    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1301071855047106560/pu/vid/400x224/Lz5xgPqW7fL8l7Gn.mp4?tag=10


    #Colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Comment les fouilles archéologiques d’Israël contribuent à réécrire l’histoire à Jérusalem
    Par Juman Abu Arafeh – JÉRUSALEM-EST OCCUPÉE
    Published date : Mardi 4 août 2020 | Middle East Eye édition française
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/reportages/jerusalem-tunnels-silwan-fouilles-al-aqsa

    Les tunnels creusés sous Jérusalem, selon les détracteurs du projet, visent à favoriser un discours exclusivement juif sur l’histoire de la ville tout en mettant en danger la vie des Palestiniens (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #Jerusalem

  • » Israeli Forces Seize Bulldozer, Deliver Halt Construction Orders
    August 3, 2020 6:46 AM Ali Salam – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-forces-seize-bulldozer-deliver-halt-construction-orders

    sraeli forces, on Saturday, blocked the construction of a water pipeline in Palestinian Atouf village, near Tubas in the northern occupied West Bank, local sources said.

    The mayor of the village, Abdullah Besharat, told Palestinian WAFA News Agency that the Israeli army ordered the driver of a bulldozer to stop working on the site.

    Besharat added that the project aimed at providing clean potable water to livestock breeders in Atouf and surrounding villages of the Jordan Valley.

    According to the Palestinian Information Center, Israeli soldiers confiscated one of the Palestinian-owned bulldozers and chased another one in Atouf village, in the Jordan Valley.

    Meanwhile, Israeli authorities handed out halt construction orders against Palestinian-owned property in al-Walaja village near Bethlehem city, in southern West Bank.

    According to local sources, Israeli soldiers invaded Ein Juwaiza area in al-Walaja village, northwest of Bethlehem, and distributed notices ordering local residents to halt any further construction of their homes, retaining walls and a water well.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #apartheid

  • La Palestine face à un avenir fait de dépossession, de racisme, de ségrégation et d’apartheid
    Par Abdel Bari Atwan — 1er juillet2020 – Raï al-Yaoum – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Lotfallah
    https://www.chroniquepalestine.com/palestine-face-avenir-depossession-racisme-segregation-apartheid

    Si le dernier vol de terres entraîne la réponse qu’il mérite, un bien pourrait encore sortir d’un mal.

    Cela rabaisse et dévalorise la cause palestinienne que de la réduire à la question des 30% de la Cisjordanie et de la vallée du Jourdain que Binyamin Netanyahu veut annexer à Israël. Le territoire visé par l’annexion est déjà sous occupation, tout comme la Palestine dans sa totalité.

    Pourtant, pendant de nombreuses années, le monde a gardé le silence sur cette occupation, bercé par les tromperies d’Israël et la collusion de ses partenaires internationaux, se laissant bercer par l’illusion que les accords d’Oslo et leurs fausses promesses y mettraient fin d’une manière ou d’une autre.

    Ce n’était pas seulement une erreur. C’était un crime.

    La « zone A », qui est sous le « contrôle » totalement fictif de l’Autorité palestinienne (AP), ne représente que 18% de la Cisjordanie. Les zones B et C constituent les 82% restants. C’est là que l’annexion doit se produire conformément à l’ « accord du siècle » de Donald Trump, afin de rendre permanent sous la loi israélienne le statu quo actuel.

    L’ONU et les gouvernements européens ont condamné les plans d’annexion d’Israël. Mais ces condamnations ont été formulées principalement par souci pour Israël et son avenir à long terme en tant qu’État juif, et non pour le peuple palestinien et ses droits légitimes dans sa patrie.

    Aucun État européen n’a même fait allusion à l’imposition de sanctions à la suite de ces condamnations. Ils ont simplement lancé des avertissements et des appels pour qu’Israël reconsidère sa position. Deux d’entre eux – la Hongrie et l’Autriche – se sont même opposés à l’utilisation du terme « condamner ».

    Ce qui convient le mieux aux Européens et aux Américains, c’est de laisser ce statu quo dans les Territoires occupés perdurer indéfiniment dans le calme, avec le moins de résistance palestinienne possible.

    Il en va de même pour les gouvernements arabes qui suivent leur exemple et sont engagés dans leurs projets de « normalisation ».

    Tous craignent que l’échec du projet de l’Autorité palestinienne et la fin de sa coopération avec les Israéliens en matière de répression ne déclenchent une nouvelle Intifada ou une recrudescence de la résistance en Cisjordanie. Cela ramènerait la cause palestinienne à la case départ – avant l’ère d’Oslo et sa croyance infondée en un « ordre international fondé sur des règles » – et déclencherait une nouvelle lutte de libération sous une nouvelle direction, plus jeune et plus engagée.

    C’est ce qui inquiète le plus les Israéliens et leurs partisans occidentaux. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Annexion de la Cisjordanie : « L’Autorité palestinienne va s’effondrer » ENTRETIEN EXCLUSIF. Le secrétaire général de l’OLP, Saëb Erekat, met en garde : les plans de Netanyahou auront des conséquences dramatiques. Il en appelle à l’Europe.
    Propos recueillis par Danièle Kriegel - Publié le 30/06/2020 à 16:00 | Le Point.fr
    https://www.lepoint.fr/monde/annexion-de-la-cisjordanie-l-autorite-palestinienne-va-s-effondrer-30-06-202

    (...)
    Saëb Erekat Rendez-vous compte : je suis celui qui a promis à la population palestinienne que, lorsque j’aurais reconnu Israël, renoncé à la violence, accepté la solution à deux États et négocié, elle serait indépendante, libre et dans son propre État. Croyez-moi : si les Israéliens annexent, je resterai dans ma maison, dans mon bureau en quarantaine pour toujours, car j’aurai trop honte. Comment pourrais-je faire face à mes compatriotes ? Pour eux, je serais celui qui a fait ceci, cela, toutes ces choses… et qu’avons-nous reçu en retour ? L’annexion ! Aujourd’hui, des membres de ma propre famille refusent de me serrer la main. Dans la population, il y en a aussi qui refusent de me saluer parce que j’ai reconnu l’État d’Israël.

    Danièle Kriegel : Dès 1995, vous avez été le principal négociateur palestinien. Déjà en 1991, vous étiez un des responsables de la délégation palestinienne à la conférence de Madrid. De fait, vous êtes la mémoire du processus de paix…

    Saëb Erekat : Oui, c’est vrai. Mais, depuis 2017, je n’ai plus de négociateur israélien en face de moi. Mais des Américains que Netanyahou a fait venir : David Friedman, Jared Kushner, Jason Greenblatt, Avi Berkovitz. Ces gens sont d’une autre planète. J’ai 612 pages de procès-verbaux avec eux. Je pourrais en faire un livre. Ce qu’ils disent, ce qu’ils pensent, c’est incroyable ! Ils veulent que je rejoigne le mouvement sioniste, que j’accepte le principe selon lequel tout ce qui se trouve à l’est du Jourdain Jéricho, où j’habite, est considéré comme la terre historique du peuple juif. Au fond, ils veulent que nous soyons partie prenante dans la légalisation de l’occupation. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Palestinians are fighting to dismantle apartheid, not just annexation
    If you ask Palestinians in the Jordan Valley how they feel about annexation, many will say that they were already annexed long ago.

    By Salem Barahmeh June 29, 2020 - +972 Magazine
    https://www.972mag.com/jericho-annexation-jordan-valley-apartheid

    The view from my grandparents’ house in Jericho, the city where I grew up, looks on to the mountain ridges of the Jordan Valley that thunder down into the Dead Sea. Over the horizon of those mountains, from a Mediterranean Sea that lies beyond my reach as a resident of the occupied West Bank, would come the most beautiful sunsets. I always wondered if my ancestors, who lived on the same land, enjoyed this view as much as I did.

    My family, the Barahmehs, are one of the indigenous clans of Jericho, their roots in the Jordan Valley going back centuries. Yet from an early age, I — like my father and grandfather — realized that the valley no longer belonged to “us.”

    Shortly after our occupation in 1967, Israel began building settlements like Mitzpe Yericho, Yitav, and Kalia around Jericho and throughout the Jordan Valley, where they have grown and remained to this day. These colonial and expansionist policies did not begin with the Likud or other right-wing parties, but with the Labor Party. Such land theft and annexation have always been a central part of Israel’s institutional identity, cutting across generations of Palestinians. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #annexion #Jericho

  • Gantz tells Trump’s envoys: July 1st not a sacred date for annexation
    Gantz met Monday with Special Envoy Avi Berkowitz and Ambassador David Friedman, two days before target date for annexation set by Netanyahu
    Noa Landau | Jun. 29, 2020 | 11:38 AM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-gantz-tell-trump-s-envoys-july-1st-not-a-sacred-date-for-annexatio

    Alternate Prime Minister and Defense Minister Benny Gantz met on Monday with President Donald Trump’s Special Envoy Avi Berkowitz and U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman to discuss the Trump administration’s peace plan.

    According to sources in Gantz’s party, he told them that the target date of July 1st “is not a sacred date.” According to Gantz, before moving forward with annexation, “people must be returned to their jobs and the coronavirus must be dealt with.”

    According to sources, Gantz said in the meeting that Trump’s peace plan “is a historic move that constitutes the right and the best framework for promoting peace in the Middle East.” He added that the plan must move forward together with “the strategic partners in the region and the Palestinians, and reach an outline that benefits all sides proportionally, responsibly and reciprocally.”

    On Friday, Gantz said that Palestinians will have full rights wherever Israeli law is applied.

    “This week I defined several parameters for diplomatic moves made by Israel,” Gantz wrote in a Facebook post. “We will not apply Israeli law in places in which there are many Palestinians or in cases where we would harm their mobility; if there’ll be Palestinian citizens in regions where Israeli law is applied, they will have equal rights.”

    “Preliminary work will be done in both diplomatic and security capacities to ensure we will not harm the country’s safety, as well as our peace agreements and strategic assets,” he added.

    Overnight Sunday, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu presented on the case for Israeli unilateral annexation of settlements in the West Bank in a speech at a virtual conference of the Christians United for Israel organization.

    Speaking about the religious significance of biblical sites in the West Bank, Netanyahu praised Trump for presenting a Middle East plan that allows Israel to annex these territories, which have been under military occupation since 1967.

    The prime minister’s speech comes amid discussions between senior Israeli and American officials regarding unilateral annexation of parts of the West Bank. The Trump administration is expected to give Israel a green light to go ahead with annexation, but the scope and timeline has yet to be determined.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #annexion

    • Annexation will not happen on July 1 - US sources
      Gantz says fighting coronavirus, unemployment higher priority than peace plan; Netanyahu still talking about sovereignty over all settlements and Jordan Valley.
      By LAHAV HARKOV, TOVAH LAZAROFF, GIL HOFFMAN JUNE 29, 2020 22:29
      https://www.jpost.com/breaking-news/gantz-to-berkowitz-coronavirus-more-pressing-than-annexation-633165

      Israel will not take steps to extend its sovereignty in the West Bank this week, multiple American sources with knowledge of the matter told The Jerusalem Post in recent days. US Special Envoy for International Negotiations Avi Berkowitz and Scott Leith of the National Security Council are in Israel to hold meetings with senior Israeli officials.

      The coalition agreement between Likud and Blue and White allows Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to bring sovereignty moves to a vote on Wednesday, July 1, at the earliest. But plans and US approval of them will not be ready by then.

      In a meeting Monday morning, Alternate Prime Minister and Defense Minister Benny Gantz told Berkowitz and Leith he does not see July 1 “as a holy date,” adding that fighting the coronavirus pandemic and bringing down unemployment are higher priorities for him. Gantz reiterated his position at a Blue and White faction meeting.

      Netanyahu, however, told Likud MKs in the Knesset he is conducting discrete talks with the American diplomatic team, and “This issue is not dependent on Blue and White. It is not the relevant authority here.”

      Berkowitz and Leith, the latter of whom is a member of the US-Israel mapping committee that is determining which parts of the West Bank will come under Israeli civil law, met with Netanyahu on Saturday night and plan to meet with Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi on Tuesday.

      Even before the meeting with Gantz, they planned to return to the US without approving specific Israeli action after their meetings for further discussions with Special Adviser to the US President Jared Kushner. US President Donald Trump has not yet weighed in on the matter, as he is currently occupied with domestic issues such as the coronavirus pandemic and ongoing protests across the country, among other concerns. (...)

  • » Armed Israeli Settlers Burn Hundreds of Olive Trees south of Nablus
    June 27, 2020 7:54 PM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/colonist-israeli-settlers-burn-a-hundreds-of-olive-trees-in-southern-nablus

    Colonist Israeli settlers set on fire to a Palestinian-owned farm land, on Saturday, in Burin village, south of the northern West Bank city of Nablus.

    Palestinian chief of the profile for illegal Israeli settlements in the northern West Bank, Ghassan Daghlas, told media outlets that several armed Israeli colonists, from the illegal Israeli settlement of Giv’at Ronaie, broke into the nearby Palestinian-owned farm land, east of Burin village.

    Daghlas said that right after they invaded the farm land, they set fire to hundreds of fruitful olive trees among other crops.

    He added that after the attack, the colonists fled the area, back to their illegal settlement.

    Noteworthy, Israeli colonial settlers repeatedly attack Palestinian-owned farm lands throughout the West Bank. There are almost 200 illegal Israeli settlements, erected on Palestinian lands, across the West Bank.

    These settlers’ attacks on Palestinians and their property, are widely perceived by Palestinians as vicious attempts to disrupt the already difficult lives of Palestinians, intending to force them to concede their farmlands, which are adjacent to the colonial Israeli settlements.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement #vandalisme

  • Settlers assault Palestinians on their own land, as Israeli soldiers watch
    As the coronavirus lockdown let up, two brothers and their families went on an outing on their own land. Settlers ambushed them, attacking with clubs and weapons

    Gideon Levy and Alex Levac - Published on 26.06.2020 - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-settlers-assault-palestinians-on-their-own-land-as-israeli-soldier

    Moussa and Issa Ktash open their mouths: Each of the brothers is missing three or four front teeth. Two months have passed since the brutal attack they endured at the hands of seven settlers, who were armed with clubs and chains, threatened them with a submachine gun, and beat them until they were bloody. The two are still badly shaken. Their children, who were with them on the land they own during the assault, are also traumatized. Now, whenever Israel Defense Forces troops enter the Jalazun refugee camp, north of Ramallah, where they live, 9-year-old Salah, Moussa’s son, and 8-year-old Hamzi, Issa’s son, go into panic mode and become wild. They both also wet their beds at night.

    Moussa, 38, and Issa, 41, are two work-weary men whose only dream – to spend some relaxing time in nature on their own property, on weekends – has been violently shattered by settlers. Issa has five children; Moussa has three. They are both woodworkers at GM Profile, a large carpentry enterprise in the El Bireh industrial zone near Ramallah. Issa has worked there for 17 years; Moussa for 14. Descendants of refugees from Inaba, an Arab village that was situated between Lod and Ramle, they were born and bred in Jalazun.

    With sawdust on their faded shirts the two met us in the offices of their employer, from which we set off to the scene of the crime, amid the olive groves between the settlements of Halamish and Ateret.

    About a decade ago, Moussa bought a plot of land in the village of Jibiya, in the Ramallah area – about 10 kilometers from Jalazun: two-and-a-half dunams (almost two-thirds of an acre) on which there are some 20 olive trees.

    Moussa: “We are refugees. We were expelled from our lands in Inaba, we live in Jalazun, and if we manage to save up money, we will build a house for our children on the land [that we bought]. The refugee camp is crowded and stifling; there’s no air there. When we go out to our land, we just feel wonderful. The nature and the fresh air. It is the first time [in the family] since my grandfather, in 1948, that we have land of our own. I feel free there.”

    The brothers’ dream of building a home for their children is a very distant one indeed: The land in question is in Area C – meaning it’s under complete Israeli control – where, in the present reality, the prospect for a Palestinian to build anything is nonexistent. Meanwhile, the men are able to extract four to six large containers of oil each year from the olives, which they divide among friends.

    With his cell phone, Moussa shows us photos of wildflowers and other sights that he took on his land. He’s a nature lover. Each weekend, he likes to go out to the grove with his family, tend to the trees and collect za’atar (wild hyssop) and Greek sage.

    Both Halamish and Ateret are just a few kilometers away, but they never used to have problems with the settlers. In recent years, however, amid the Palestinians’ olive groves, telltale huts of the so-called hilltop youth have begun springing up out of nowhere. The young settlers use these illegal locales as their bases for attacks on Palestinian farmers who have the effrontery to approach their own land; indeed, they are gradually taking over the area by force. A herd of dozens of cows belonging to settlers is already pasturing without interruption in some Palestinian fields in the area, as if they were the settlers’ property.

    The coronavirus period has been a bonanza for these ruffians. With everyone’s attention focused elsewhere, they have carried out 21 attacks on Palestinian farmers in the vicinity, wounding some of them each time.

    Iyad Haddad, a field researcher for B’Tselem, the Israeli human rights organization, compares the settlers here to wild animals: They lie in wait for those who are weak – the farmer, the shepherd, the lone passerby – and pounce on them with savage violence in order to frighten them and force them off their land. That’s what happened on Thursday, April 16.

    It was after some 40 days of coronavirus confinement in Jalazun, when no one was allowed to enter or leave. The brothers Ktash decided to go with their families for a first post-lockdown picnic. Their wives made maklouba (a dish of meat, rice and fried vegetables) and they set out from Jalazun at around 11:30 A.M. It was a hot day. Eight members of the family – Moussa, his wife and three of their children, Issa and one of his sons, and Moussa and Issa’s mother – squeezed into one car.

    Once they arrived, the two brothers went to collect spices and herbs on the slopes of a nearby hill, while the others remained in the shade of the olive trees. Issa and Moussa ventured about a few hundred meters away from the site, each heading in a different direction. They planned to return for lunch in the outdoors.

    Moussa was attacked first. Two settlers who had been lurking behind some oak trees suddenly confronted him. One was holding a club, the other had a knapsack on his back. The land they were on is privately owned by residents of Jibiya. The settlers were young, one looked to Moussa to be about 19 or 20, he tells us now; the other was around 25. Both wore large skullcaps; one was bearded and had long earlocks.

    Without a word, the bearded man, who was wielding the club, immediately started to bash Moussa on his head, his face and all over his body. The other one stood to the side. Moussa collapsed to the ground, but the blows continued unabated. The worst pain was inflicted on his right knee, which had been operated on in 2008. At one point the settler who was pounding Moussa told his accomplice to bring a chain in order to tie Moussa’s hands. He threatened to kill him.

    Even now, as he recalls the event, Moussa is distraught: “I love life. The first thing that went through my head was that I was going to die. The second thing was what would become of my wife and children after I died. I begged God, I recited verses from the Koran, I felt that my death was approaching.”

    The episode lasted for about 15 minutes, he estimates. A quarter of an hour in which his body was pummeled. Did you try to resist, we ask.

    “I was scared that they were armed,” he says. ‘They were two and I was one. There was nothing I could do. Very quickly I realized that I had two options: to try to make a run for it or to die.”

    When the settler doing the beating got a phone call and the other young man was off looking for a chain, Moussa managed somehow to get to his feet and escaped. They didn’t give chase. Apparently, they had made their point.

    Moussa hid behind a tree. He’d left his phone with his family and had no way to summon help. He fell to the ground and with his remaining strength managed to crawl to get as far from the assailants as he could. He was overcome by thirst and drank from a discarded bottle that he’d found. Then he felt he was losing consciousness and lay down on the ground. His whole body ached.

    When he woke up his family was standing next to him, frightened; they had no idea what had happened. When he hadn’t returned, they began to think that the settlers had perhaps killed him. Issa did not respond to phone calls.

    Sabar Shalash, a member of the Palestinian security forces who lives in Jibiya, told the family to come to his village with Moussa, so that nothing else would happen to them. Local residents then launched a search for Issa.

    By now it was somewhere between 3:30 and 4 P.M. Issa finally phoned: “Come and rescue me. The settlers have left.” Moussa, still aghast at what had happened to him, refused to allow the family to return to the area, and asked young people from Jibiya to go get his brother.

    It emerged that Issa, too, had been attacked by settlers who ambushed him from behind an oak tree. At first he was confronted by two: One of them, with long earlocks and a large skullcap, asked him in Arabic, “What are you doing here?” “This is my land,” Issa replied, to which the man retorted, “No, this is our land, it’s not yours.”

    Issa tried to run for his life but the settler blocked him and knocked Issa down. Then three more settlers emerged, one of them brandishing an M-16 rifle. “Call the police,” Issa shouted. The settler replied, “Here, we are the police.”

    With the rifle trained on him they started to beat Issa with clubs, and kicked and punched him as he lay helpless on the ground. He felt faint. One of the settlers bound his hands behind his back. Issa says now that he felt like a sheep being led to slaughter. They went on kicking him for some time and dragged him for about 300 meters.

    An IDF jeep arrived to the spot where he had been dragged, and five soldiers got out; a pickup truck belonging to the settlers also pulled up.

    One of the soldiers gave Issa water so he could wash off his bleeding mouth and nose. “Why did you come here?” the soldier asked. Issa tried to explain that this was his land and land belonging to Jibiya. The soldiers wanted to see his ID card, but he’d left it with his mother at the picnic site. The phone in his pocket rang, but the soldiers wouldn’t allow him to take the call from his worried family. One settler emerged from the pickup truck, grabbed the phone and threw it to the ground, cracking its screen. The other settlers resumed beating Issa until the soldiers finally stopped them and ordered them to leave. The soldiers did not summon an ambulance and just released Issa, who managed to call his family and was rescued by locals from Jibiya.

    They had to carry him; Issa was hurt more seriously than his brother. A Palestinian ambulance took the two brothers to the Ramallah Government Hospital, where they were treated for their wounds and discharged after a few hours. Unfortunately for Issa, he was sent into coronavirus quarantine in a facility run by the Palestinian Authority for two weeks, because he had come into close contact with both his assailants and the soldiers. His suffering and pain were compounded by his isolation from his family.

    The two brothers identified the settlers in photographs shown them by friends in Jibiya. Residents there say they know the violent hilltop youths who often raid their lands without anyone to stop them. We saw the photos, too.

    Issa and Moussa chose not to file a complaint with the police, fearing retribution from the settlers, of whom they are terrified. They also know that if they did, no one would take their claims seriously, just as hundreds of similar ones submitted over the years haven’t been dealt with. The police, the settlers and the army are all one body, the brothers say. Moussa says that the soldiers should have detained his assailants, or at least summoned the police to take them into custody.

    Of course, it’s not hard to imagine how the soldiers would have behaved if it had been Palestinians who were attacking Jewish settlers.

    We asked the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit whether the soldiers had acted properly by allowing the attackers to leave, and how soldiers are expected to behave in situations of this kind. The response: “On April 16, a report was received of friction between a number of settlers and Palestinians near the community of Halamish. IDF fighters who arrived at the site conducted a preliminary clarification with one of the Palestinian residents of what had happened and thereafter passed the details of the case to the authorized law enforcement bodies.”

    The two brothers with the missing teeth still wake up in fright at night, and their children, who saw them returning bruised and bleeding, are haunted by the images. Issa needs an MRI, but his request to have it performed in an East Jerusalem hospital was rejected. “Maybe you could help me?” he asks us in a quavering voice. They haven’t been back to their land since the incident. Nor do they have any intention of going back any time soon.

    Another victory for the settlers.

    At the end of our visit, we drove to the Ktashes’ plot of land. From the highway between Ateret and Halamish there was a fine view of olive groves dotting the hillside. Only on second glance did we see isolated huts between the trees, scattered on the ridge, threatening and boding ill.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  •  » Israeli Forces Demolish Several Palestinian Homes in Occupied East Jerusalem
    June 10, 2020 4:56 AM IMEMC & Agencies– IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-forces-demolish-several-palestinian-homes-in-occupied-east-jerusalem

    Israeli troops reportedly knocked down, on Tuesday morning, a number of Palestinian-owned homes in the internationally-recognized occupied East Jerusalem.

    Head of the Palestinian committee for defending Palestinian lands in the Sawarha neighborhood, Youmis Ja’far, told media outlets that Israeli soldiers, backed by armored vehicles, invaded the neighborhood and forced local residents out of their homes, before the bulldozers began demolishing them.

    Ja’far warned against what he termed stepped up Israeli demolitions of Palestinian-owned properties, across the occupied East Jerusalem, under an ‘unacceptable Israeli pretext, building without permission’.

    The local Palestinian activist noted that the Sawarha area is included in Israel’s scheme to construct more colonial settlements in the occupied part of Jerusalem, despite the fact that all Israeli settlements are illegal under Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention and United Nations Security resolution 242 of 1967.

    It should be noted, that earlier, Israeli occupation authorities handed over demolition warrants to four other Palestinian families in the Jerusalem. One of those families had their home funded by the European Union (EU).

    In another similar incident, local sources in the Silwan neighborhood, just south of the Al-Aaqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, said that Israeli troops’ bulldozers demolished the home of Aesha Hejazi, a mother of eight children, under the same allegation that the home was built without Israeli permission.

    The sources said that the family received a warrant six months ago, but the family is impoverished and was not able to appeal the unjustified demolition.

    #nettoyage_ethnique #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • ‘Invented’ Palestinians, ‘indigenous’ Jews: The roots of Israel’s annexation plan, and why the world must stop Netanyahu, before it’s too late
    Victor Kattan | Jun. 9, 2020 | 3:14 PM
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-why-the-world-must-stop-netanyahu-before-it-s-too-late-1.8905737

    What Netanyahu, his Likud party and the Trump administration really think about annexation and the Palestinians – and why they’re totally wrong

    The annexation of as much as 30 percent of the West Bank, including the settlement blocs, and the Jordan Valley, is proceeding apace, with prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu announcing to the Knesset on the day he was sworn in that annexation is the realization of “the justness of our rights in the Land of Israel.”

    But what’s not being asked with sufficient urgency is whether this extension of Israeli law would breach international law.

    Perhaps the answer is considered so obvious that it does not need elaboration. Annexation is strictly prohibited by the UN Charter. A state may not forcibly acquire the territory of another state. What more is there to say?

    Well, if you are a Likudnik, it turns out there is a lot more to say.

    Right-wing maximalists have long argued that only the Jewish people have a right to self-determination – by which they mean statehood – over all the territories between the Jordan river and the Mediterranean.

    The San Remo resolution of 1920, according to their reading of the text, which included the Balfour Declaration, amounted to the “Magna Carta” of the Jewish people, by providing international legitimacy to the extension of Jewish sovereignty over all parts of Palestine, which prior to the 1922 “partition” (or “excision” in their terms) by the double-crossing Lord Balfour, included the territory of Transjordan.

    The Likud school claim that the civil rights of the Arabs in the text of the Balfour Declaration did not include the protection of their political rights because they were objects, not subjects of international law. Only the Jewish people were accorded explicit recognition in the mandate text and therefore they have a superior right to all the land because their claim is better than anyone else’s.

    “The Arabs,” according to those who espouse this view, rejected a fair settlement of the land in the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which instantaneously became a “dead letter.” "The Arabs" subsequently declared war against the Jewish people in 1948, and then again in 1967, which they lost in legitimate wars of self-defense, thereby forfeiting any claim they may have had to the land. The Likudniks further claim the land has been “disputed” ever since (not occupied, it must be stressed).

    The Likudniks assert that the Palestinians have rejected all the “very generous” peace offers extended to them over the years, including most recently, by U.S. President Donald Trump, in his so-called “Deal of the Century,” which describes UN resolutions as indeterminate, and accepts the revisionist view that “Israel has … valid legal and historical claims … which are part of the ancestral homeland of the Jewish people.”

    What is more, Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law, and a key architect of the Deal of the Century, is of the view that the Palestinians are not capable of governing themselves, even though they have been governing large parts of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip for more than 25 years.

    The U.S. government has clarified that those parts of the West Bank over which Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu plans to extend Israel’s laws - where lots of Jewish Israelis live in American-style “neighborhoods” - are “not per se inconsistent with international law.” And for right-wingers in both Israel and the U.S., the annexation of the sparsely populated, but strategic, Jordan Valley, which provides the tiny Jewish state with strategic depth, cannot be compared to other annexations elsewhere in the world.

    They claim that there is no need to consult the Palestinians about the purported annexation because they are just an aggregate of disparate Arabic-speaking peoples that are not deeply rooted to the land, having migrated to Palestine in the late nineteenth century from Egypt and Syria. They are not a nation in the true sense of the word. Only the Jewish people are “indigenous” to the land.

    The “Palestinian people” were “invented” in the 1960s in the Arab war against Israel, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is “an organization of assassins” and not a national liberation movement that aims “to liquidate the State of Israel,” to quote from Likud’s 1977 election manifesto.

    According to a mainstream view in the Likud, there is already a Palestinian state: it’s called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and there is no need to create an additional Palestinian state west of the Jordan river that would pose a mortal threat to the Jewish people. According to this view, a sovereign Palestinian state does not exist and has never existed.

    Therefore, the UN Charter, which only applies to states, is not applicable to this situation. Accordingly, Israel can take the land without the people. As Netanyahu has already made clear, the Palestinians in the areas that will be annexed to Israel will not get Israeli citizenship.

    Netanyahu clearly believes that the time has come to seize the moment to declare victory over the Arabs. For his camp, there will never be a more opportune moment to fulfil the revisionist dream outlined in the Nation State Law, which describes self-determination as being exclusive to the Jewish people in “the Land of Israel.” There will never be a more supportive President in the White House while he is prime minister.

    This is his historic destiny – the moment he has been waiting for – and he must seize it while the world is distracted and divided.

    Netanyahu has a majority in the Knesset to extend Israeli sovereignty to the West Bank, but time is not on his side. He must complete the goal before a new president is installed in the White House on January 20, 2021 and in the meantime, he must ensure that the EU is quiescent. And he may get what he wants, as the EU cannot agree on a common position to oppose the Trump vision, whose ‘plan’ is the guiding star of what will happen in Israel from July 1st.

    It’s depressing enough that the revisionist narrative described above is endorsed by the Likud and the Trump White House, but it appears to have another significant backer: none other than the European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Josep Borell.

    According to a report in Haaretz in May, Borrell was asked whether the annexation of parts of the West Bank would be similar to that of the Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014. Israeli officials expressed much satisfaction Borell’s answer: “There is a difference between annexing territory that belongs to a sovereign state and that of the Palestinians.”

    In other words, Borell appears to accept that a Palestinian state does not exist, in which case, it could be claimed that Article 2(4) UN Charter does not apply. This appears to put Borell in the same camp as Netanyahu and the Trump administration — a view that I am sure to which he would object, being the good social democrat that he is.

    But if Borell was reflecting a wider European view, perhaps the view of his Brussels legal advisers, for example, it may be asked on what basis he or any European official, for that matter, can threaten to impose measures to deter Israel from annexation, such as voicing “public support of proceedings currently underway in the International Criminal Court,” also reported in Haaretz?

    Public support for the proceedings at the International Criminal Court is not going to be enough when the Trump administration is threatening to launch a concerted effort to prevent that court from opening war crimes investigations that could see U.S. and Israeli officials in the dock.

    The time has come for the EU to stand up for what it believes in, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it has a vested interest in doing so. The European continent is home to multiple international dispute settlement bodies, from the Hague to Hamburg, Paris, and Geneva. These must be protected at all costs if the rule of law in international affairs is to have any meaning.

    If the EU believes that Netanyahu is going to “annex” the West Bank, then it must also accept that the territory that will be annexed is already part of a state—a Palestinian state.

    It will be recalled that in November 2012, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 67/19 that accorded Palestine “non-member observer State status in the United Nations.” The resolution was co-sponsored by 70 states (including Palestine) and was carried by 138 votes to 9 against, with 41 abstentions.

    While some of the states that already recognized Palestine voted in favor of the resolution, some new names appeared: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Although some of these states qualified their votes by emphasizing that their votes were given without prejudice to their positions on the recognition of the State of Palestine; others states were very much cognizant that the resolution they voted for gave Palestine plenary powers to behave like a state.

    One of the states that was silent in the vote in 2012 was Sweden. Two years after it voted in favour of the resolution, it recognized the State of Palestine. The government announcement recognizing Palestine referred to a commentary by three Swedish international law professors, including two former Principal Legal Advisors of Public International Law at the Swedish Foreign Ministry, who explained that Sweden must have regarded Palestine as a state when it voted in favor of resolution 67/19.

    They explained that had it not been for Israel’s “illegal occupation,” Palestine would have had effective control over its territory. They emphasized that “Israel has no international legal right that can be violated by the formation of a Palestinian state in the occupied territories or by the recognition of such a state.”

    The Palestinian people, just like the Jewish people, have a right of self-determination. Ever since the UN adopted its Plan of Partition on 29 November 1947, which nine European states voted in favour of (Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Sweden) the right of self-determination has been linked to the establishment of two states in the Holy Land. The Palestinian statehood claim is one that accords with modern international law, longstanding EU policy, and with the fundamental principle that annexation, because of armed conflict, must not be recognised, even if the territory was occupied in a war of self-defense.

    If EU member states want to deter Israel from annexing further parts of the West Bank, they need to go beyond their current tepid rhetoric about “non-recognition,” and recognize that the West Bank forms an integral part of the territory of the State of Palestine – just like Sweden did. If they cannot reach a common position, then a group of likeminded states can recognize Palestine.

    Only then will their statements against annexation be taken seriously by the Palestinians, by the Trump administration, and by the government of Israel.

    Victor Kattan is Senior Research Fellow at the Middle East Institute of the National University of Singapore and an Associate Fellow at the Faculty of Law. Twitter: @VictorKattan

    #annexion #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • 9000 dunums of Jordan Valley agricultural land burnt in Israeli military training
    QudsN June 2, 2020 - Quds News Network
    https://qudsnen.co/9000-dunums-of-jordan-valley-agricultural-land-burnt-in-israeli-military-tra

    Ramallah (QNN)- Israeli military training on Tuesday caused a wide area of agricultural and pastoral land in the Jordan Valley to burn.

    Local sources said Israeli military training caused fire to engulf 9000 dunumns of agricultural land, cultivated for wheat and barley, as well as pastoral land.

    The Israeli use of live ammunition caused fire to burn nearly 180 dunums of agricultural land and 8200 dunums of pastoral land.

    The Jordan Valley has been targeted by the Israelis, displacing hundreds of its native population, in order to grab as much land as possible to annex the area.

    Experts estimated the lands that will be affected by the Israeli annexation plan at 51,000 dunums of agricultural land in addition to 46,000 dunums of the borders with Jordan, and 400 dunums of the valley’s land that was grabbed and has been used by the Israelis as a military training zone.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • » Israeli Troops Confiscate Palestinian-owned Vegetable Stands in Jordan Valley
    June 1, 2020 9:09 PM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-troops-confiscate-palestinian-owned-vegetable-stands-in-jordan-valley

    Israeli troops reportedly removed by force, a number of Palestinian-owned vegetable stands, early on Monday, in the Al-Aghwar area of the Jordan Valley, eastern West Bank.

    Local Palestinian sources in agriculture-rich Ein Albayda’ and Bardala villages of Al-Aghwar, said that an Israeli army force broke into Al-Aghwar and began removing five produce stands, owned by local Palestinians.

    The sources added that such an action was unjustified and that it has caused the owners a great deal of financial losses, as families rely on the income they earn from selling produce.

    Over the past several weeks, Israeli troops have reportedly stepped up their assaults on Palestinian-owned properties in the Al-Aghwar area. Among those properties were green houses and water wells.

    Recently, Israeli leaders have signalled Israel’s intention to annex the Al-Aghwar area, among other areas to the Israeli occupation state.

    The Jordan Valley is considered some of the most fertile agricultural land, providing produce for the Palestinian population.

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Illegal Israeli Colonists Uproot Palestinian Lands Near Hebron
    May 6, 2020 2:53 AM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/illegal-israeli-colonists-uproot-palestinian-lands-near-hebron

    A group of illegal Israeli colonialist settlers, squatting on Palestinian lands in direct violation of International Law, bulldozed a large area of Palestinian lands near the southern West Bank city of Hebron, Tuesday, to prepare for a new segregated road.

    Eyewitnesses said the colonists, accompanied by a large number of Israeli soldiers invaded and uprooted the Palestinian lands in Doura town, south of Hebron.

    They added that the colonists drove large machines, including bulldozers and started uprooting the lands, owned by members of Sweity and Jadallah Palestinian families.

    The colonists are apparently preparing for a new road to link with their illegal colony, Negohot, which was built on private Palestinian lands. (...)

    #colonialisme_de_peuplement